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tv   The 77 Percent  Deutsche Welle  July 2, 2022 7:30pm-8:01pm CEST

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to give you in the us report, on the inside of our cars, funding is on the ground reporting from across the continent. all the trends doesn't matter to you. in 60 minutes on d w. m. what secrets lie behind these walls? discover new adventures in 360 degrees. and explore fascinating world heritage sites. d w world heritage 360. get the app now are hello there. how you doing? i'm good to. thanks for asking. welcome to another edition of the 77 percent. there's sure for africa's majority. you. i am your host, eddie mike,
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a junior now, today we're looking into an issue that affects many young people across the continent. i'm talking about the use and abuse of drugs, but we're not just looking at the problem, but also how young people can support the appears in dealing with it. yes. what's coming up in kenya, we investigate how heroin addiction has grown in coastal communities. we explore how my, you wanna my become the money spinner in montana, the social media high kicking, marshall out address, who knows? no limits. now let's start off in kenya, where many coastal towns have become hot, spots of drug trafficking in the week of the co. 19 pandemic. the communities are now confronted with rise and numbers of drug addicts. the world health organization,
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regional office for africa estimates more than half of drug users are between 10 to 19 years old. now that is staggering, our very own either kamani went to see for herself. i'll this worry in trend affects daily life. it's a curious sight, an infant slippers strewn with cigarettes, least and drug paraphernalia. then again, this is no ordinary home. it's where i see a bianca and her husband lived together with their son. both parents are drug addicts. and the slippers belonged to their little girl who died only 6 months after she was born. and so when we went to bed, she was fine. and then when i woke up, she was foaming at the mouth. i got scared, he said was declined and hoped when i was high and heroine, that i hadn't placed my hand or leg on her, causing her to suffocate. okay. despite the doctors ruling out her
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fears, as she still carries the guilt of her daughter's death and had 3 year diction. the 20 year old was introduced to the habit by her boyfriend. he would secretly lease her cigarettes with a powder. and by the time she found out she was already addicted like that, oh, i was in pain, yawning, and called scam. and that's when i saw him and he said you are going through withdrawn and you've been on heroin. now i'm hooked there and there's no way for me to go to rehab with nearly 3000 active injecting drug users. melinda host, one of the highest numbers of heroin addicts and kenya played most coastal towns in the country. it's used by international traffic as, as a transit point for drugs which are transported from afghanistan to the west. the covered 19th, endemic coupled with a feeling tourism industry has only made things worse for uses in this area.
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i doesn't take us long to see just how bad things can get. mohammed is here to get methadone, a synthetic opioid used for drug addiction therapy. but it's not good news. he needs to reduce his heroine intake further before he can be put on the therapy. i took the opportunity to ask him how he's feeling as i look at you, what i feel like rubbing you in drug the need to go get a here. because i'm going through withdrawal now. all right, where did i ever use hearing? i have nothing. i'm left with nothing to see the wesley wash. it really had me a call what i have not outside there, many more active and recovering drug users. when they see the camera they asked, we can offer them work is a deep sense of despair. here as most are left with nothing but the memory project
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. a community base rehabilitation center officials here, one of a worrying trend that has emerged with and demi when school closed and kids took going to school for winnable bankrupt as a short term funded because in molina so many people, if you're not taking catering, then they're taking good smoking marijuana and figuring stubborn you, i'm one of just got the pandemic is also pushing recovering addicts to the edge is unfair, but i have thoughts of lupsi and every death of him. but when i come here, i feel some sense of relief, not to lodging, but some really nifty dog. said a gully meant to say how the government has forgotten us. home. we are left homeless, sick, sick at home, or she sick in the streets. so we have no choice but to support each other or new for us here. her only support at the moment is her husband himself, an addict, will leave the young mother cleaning a half abandoned house, a fitting metaphor for
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a woman struggling to keep her life together. that was quite a touching story, wasn't that drug abuse is a huge problem. and how many rise in problem across africa for yes, x that see that job losses and school clothes as due to the cobit panoramic cost drug use to increase. but is that the whole truth about drug abuse in africa? let's join less show for some answers. let's start with the quiz. the most consumed drug in africa, ill alcohol? that's right. that means most drug users wouldn't even call themselves drug users, because alcohol is a legal drag. and as we know, it's actually more socially acceptable to drink than to smoke marijuana. we'll talk about illegal drugs in a moment. but 1st quick question. number 2,
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what to african country has the heaviest drinkers? well, according to the world health organization, it's the shelves. the average person there drinks a whopping 20 leaders of pure alcohol per year. also in the top 5 is uganda, followed by burkina, faso, tanzania, and nigeria. okay, let's talk other drugs now. did you know that south africa is the only country in africa where marijuana is legalized? well, we asked people in ghana whether other countries should follow this path as well. for me, maybe i would go in for a week because it seems dr. domestically a platinum of people are using this. so i think maybe read should really go
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back into my view, read smoking. it actually is the my like, i think something like mixing. i don't really have a fair idea. i read in journal when you use it, i think maybe to you or something like that for that. are good friends talking about it. now here is an interesting fact. although most drugs remain illegal, the un estimates that by 2030 africa is gonna see an increase if of a staggering 40 percent of drug users. why? well, the main reason is that the population is growing and getting younger and younger. and statistics show that young people take more drugs. there is one elicit drug that is especially famous among young people. marry one, i'm a weed, a kind of also popular in the population as
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a whole. our heroine, cocaine, crystal meth and prescription drugs like tramadol and coding. and then there are local drugs that are often not captured in international statistics. we also have a plan. the growth in med room is the account in kenya that grows a plant called cut me to easily available and therefore other people get their high by sniffing, glue, or petrol, or even smoking lives are parts. what i find interesting is that we africans have some of the strictest blogs against drug use, but that is not deterring people from consumption when malice, twice from uganda, believe the love of his country are too strict. his uganda harm reduction that work has been criticized for offering legal support to those arrested for injecting
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drugs like harry and like if you like because that's all right for you. what you look back on what's happening is that he's using them look good money already. if i wanted to be community, i found it shocking that some uganda have even been arrested for seeking help. according to the 2016 uganda, anti narcotics law, addicts cannot go to rehab or get treatment at the country's only clinic that offers medication assisted treatment or mat without reporting to the police and a judge ordering them to get therapy. so i'm not surprised that many decide to stay in the shadow. on top of that african substance abusers are not only seen as criminals, but also as centers. so instead of getting them medical treatment,
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families prefer seeking help and church before them, they're leaving that one is i think that should be before they just played on, then that would be more than we run away. so what's the best way to deal with that drug? issue, 1st of all, experts say it's important to inform possible users that drugs can have devastating effects on your physical and mental health. even so called light drugs like alcohol or am i want them. so please make sure you know about these before taking anything. experts also believe that it's important to fight stigma, offer free rehabilitation and medical treatment to those who seek it and treat drug users as people who need medical help and not as criminals. let us know what you
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think. thanks for that info less show and yeah, whiten this stigmatize zation of drug use as is a good way to tackle the problem. many african countries are looking into the drug policies, especially regarding the use and production of cannabis, and some asking, legalize it, or not. well, as you would expect by mixed opinions on the legalize asian of kind of is across the continent. request people on the streets of thought, africa can yeah, on my area to sadie, i felt with us. so since kind of this is legalized in south africa, when we're looking at the medical speak to all of it, yes, it does increase your health benefits. it's beneficial to you all. but now that it is legalize legislation, it's much more lenient. so the benefit to society as well. so in the life it's not going to be criminalized. so in the government use that opportunity,
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they can use it to say that so something is the tax. but i think when i should be legalized for the 30 day, legally, i mean everyone is doing the different of us, you know, so it's better that we can, we can just, you know, start making something out of it. did the poor people be enough but the going to be enough, but from the legal isolation of guns we see because all that, each companies they have the money and they have the facilities. i think it needs to be put. we put that being korea because there is some medicine all way and there's some way it will destroy generation. well, we definitely don't want the drafts to destroy our generation. dewey. thanks guys for speaking out. so what do you think? say your thoughts, but as in our social media platforms, find it a fascinating debate. now since marijuana made headlines for it's using kind of treatments medicine all cannabis has been touted of the next big money maker. but
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in the soto, not everybody's happy about the conditions. let's find out why money doesn't grow on trees, but this but a 100 years for graham. this is mary fino can obvious. it contains high levels of can now be dual or cbd. a popular remedy against inflammation, pain, and nausea. in 2017 sort of became the 1st african country to legalize cannabis farming for messina youth. creating a whole new industry for the tiny south and african country point thing behind it moved from the capital, my favorite book into her whole village here in the muscle to highland, to work for the company, m g health. she never dreamed that she would one day group and before living 1st time i had, i won't be. and i couldn't believe that this thing can come here at our america. but it's happen even live. and
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there is no need of us to go outside and look for some dog. listen to have ideal growing conditions for cannabis. but m g health is still the only company that is port medical grade cannot be from the country because it is used in the pharmaceutical industry. the production requirements are extremely high. over the past 5 years, m g hill has invested over 34000000 euros in greenhouses irrigation systems and skills training. now the company has set it sites on expansion mean play over 280 people. these are young people, very smart people that were never able to find jobs. and today, you know, we, we exporting to poland, germany shortly into the u. k. but this isn't good news for everyone. we cannot be set to become a major cash crop for big business. small holder, gro was around the country, and now a bundling the plans once clear for the black market in south africa. picky,
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so come only is the only cannabis farmer left in his village. police rates and price company from sutherland have made it almost impossible to maintain his club. for him, things were much better before the lation kicked me in my village. every household used to have a field of cannabis running on. why do you mean it was all full here and that's how people made a living. but while i lived in it, people didn't even bother to grow. mays parents could send their children to school because of kind of best can i can, i will not in the kids will come only walks in his young neighbor, trouble for local, put together the dry entity seed the but before smuggling them over the border for low cost, he's no way to make his business legal licenses to grow cannabis around $32000.00
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euros way out of range for small holder grew was for frequently targeted by the police in my group where you won't get i feel very disappointed. things didn't work out the way they said they would buy gifts and we thought would be able to grow cannabis legally. but i can buy a license. it's frustrating. i think there should be some form of support like a corporation where someone katrina and help us secure a license of one another. then we all put together funding that could help us start our business from the ground. again, i have been sort of missing the after a long day trimming cannot be plan my 100 is ready to wrap up a shift. 2 years ago she quit her job in a clothing factory material where she sold jeans for 12 hours a day, 6 days a week. in the greenhouse, the walking conditions are much better and she answered twice as much as she used
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to can i believe has quite literally change her life just like the patient who will eventually benefit from her product. well, i believe cannabis has a bright future and the subtle, when i started working in the greenhouse, they told me we make drugs for sick people. people need medicine. so they need the cannabis to latino for generations cannot be slamming was frowned upon or even punished with jail time. little toll has liberated this one's close space for big business. but small hold a group like for local and kamali and left empty handed in this evolving sector. it seems they are still winners and losers. a definitely as an evolving sector that needs the right policies. so no one loses out . i don't know about you, but i've had enough of drugs, right? let's move away from narcotics and instead,
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get high on protecting our environment in ethiopia. entrepreneurs kit ist to spice company. tuba aims to reduce the countries addiction to plastic shopping bags. she's not only challenging environmental pollution, but also creating jobs in odessa baba eco friendly in fair bags for men, women for work or for going out and produce locally in ethiopia. impossible will not for keeter's test failure kit is founded to but if you appear in 2018 in this suburb of addis ababa, he discrete at 31 jobs for women like us. all the women are weavers in work from home. heaters comes regularly to collect the fabric, the me i said this, we use these fabrics for oh, different designs of bugs. so we combine it, we deliver he just had the idea to start
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a business 5 years ago. at that time she was a student and she was living in this area which is known for this big dumpsite in 2017, a landslide on the site caused the death of at least 130 people. after this event, kita wanted to do something for the neighborhood. one of the reasons why that happened was existential philosophy, sponsoring the garbage dot 3 get the concept of to later about. we chose at that time if we produce environmentally friendly shopping box like tape our bog strawberry box, we can replace plastic box. but she soon realised that the initial capital needed to produce paper or fabric for shopping bags was too high for her. so she looked for another way to create jobs here in old domains will live around here and that, and also that incident happen at that in this area. so i wanted to create the job. fortunately for the human to leave around junior senior was one of the 1st employees of kids that are very good. i'm trying to see if
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she'd do the fall break as i want it or as i trained her. so it's ok. all of cada's work is motivated by one idea to create jobs for women. she trains them herself and weaving a skill she learned from her mother. she is to make different crafting things like coach, i think, meeting things like that. so i learned from horner from her to non ye looks after 3 children. this work allows her to provide for a large part of the family's needs. with the money she is giving me, i pay the rent for my house from. i also have an extra job doing she ruba has to help with the money from that i pay the rest of the food, et cetera job and i with the fabric made by the women heated returns to her office in the city center of addis ababa,
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the bags are then made in this small room. i'm not a designer professionally. so i just, when i see something and when any one to do some kind of bug a just picture of my mind. and then i tried to drawings on and bought out a paper by them the paper. and then i think i cut alpha beta sheet is, is not a designer, but she can count on the help of a friend. one of the 4 experience taylor's, she is hired a group home because you catch up, you gotta, we discuss with kid ist marching europe. mostly i work with leather and we mixed the leather with the fabric from the women. worked with there are no to the shops yet. so most of the cells take place at bazaars, small markets for craftsman and they are slowly restarting, after almost disappearing in the last month because of co heed and the
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concentration of care there was no was on the market, was very dawn. so it was not about the food, but now things are getting better. keeter's cells $60.00 to $75.00 bags every month, to cope with the crisis and to reuse the leather scraps she started to sell smaller and cheaper objects, like wallets or bracelets. she also often works at night to sell her products in a concert hall for the future. she dreams of selling more and more bags to create more jobs for women. and in the longer term, she hopes to relaunch her idea of ecological shopping bag. yeah, we should all 5 environmental pollution, especially with fact creative solutions. now come with me to 1000 ia and let me agnes give luca. marcia last actress. she wants to become a movie star, as he's kicking hard to make this dream a reality. but she knows a healthy work life balance is just as important. yes,
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a story. agnes kieffer luca is among the 1st actresses in east africa to perform in martial arts films. it is rare for women to participate in such movies. welcome bomb, nodded angle ball game will be the auction. when i saw that they are not many women . he intends a near who are in action film when he no longer than enough fussy and bow duck one and a 5th was at becky while kicked on between each at the phone. i took of it. i said, i want to take on this opportunity so that i can easily find success because these, that great need for women who can act in action films, young canada castiano, when augustin infinity financing them. well, that's okay quoted on it, but many women act in dramas. so she does what you need to come in. i will be the only one. what about when you get on the toilet bend? a thank not been a fat but tanzania, an action heroine,
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trains every morning to strengthen her talent and her legs. this is the secret to her success. but despite being a boxing actress, agnes also enjoys a normal life. near a fan, it is very easy when i am at home, i am like a mother nipple when issues and when i am at work, i change coconut. and that is why people differentiate between home and walk life or architect, no puny. my shame. agnes. his dream is to make her country famous for it's martial arts, talent. one day she hopes to become known in the global film industry. oh, you know, i that some mixed my salad spun aus much younger. but i would not one
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a mess with her boss for sure. got her up issue so i can hit the job. but hey, don't forget to hit the subscribe button on youtube and connect with us on our social media platforms. thanks for sticking with us. as always, we wanna play you out with some good music. this time we have nigerian musician david. o. enjoy and see you next. i believe a ah ah ah ah ah
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ah ah ah ah ah, ah, with who was making the headlight is and what's behind vamp dw, news africa. the show that was the issues shaping the continent. life is slowly getting back to normal. yeah. well, the streets to give you in the reports on the inside our correspond that was on the
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on your mobile and free chef. c w e learning course, eco's vague law has no limits. no love is for everybody. love is life. i love matters and that's my new part, kathy. i'm evelyn shire, mom, and i really think we need to talk about all the topics that more divides and deny that. and this i have invited many deer and well known guests. and i would like to invite you to an end with a with
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with this is dw used by from berlin. ukraine accused us russia of acts of terror. the president's alliance. he says moscow is deliberately attacking civilians. striking a pop up 2 blocks near death. 20 people that ukraine ops, turkey to detain.


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