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tv   The 77 Percent  Deutsche Welle  July 4, 2022 8:30am-9:01am CEST

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pretty soon find out how they came up with this idea, how it works, and how it will help the environment in tomorrow to day. in 60 minutes on d. w. ah, what secrets lie behind these walls? discover new adventures in 360 degrees? ah, and explore fascinating world heritage sites with d. w. world heritage 360. get the out now are hello that are you doing? i'm good to. thanks for asking. welcome to another edition of the 77 percent. that show for africa's majority. you. i am your host edie mike,
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a junior now, today we're looking into an issue that affects many young people across the continent. i'm talking about the use and abuse of drugs. are we not just looking at the problem? and also how young people can support the appears in dealing with it. if what's coming up in kenya, we investigate how heroin addiction has grown in coastal community. we explore how might wanna might become money center in mound, payments to the social that we need to hi kicking marcia last actress who knows no limit. now let's start off in kenya, where many coastal towns have become called sports of drug trafficking. in the week of the cooper 19 pandemic, the communities are now confronted with rise in numbers of drug addicts. the world
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health organization, regional office for africa estimates more than half of drug users are between 10 to 19 years old. now that is staggering, our very own either kamani went to see for herself how this worrying trend affects the daily life. it's a curious sight, an infant slippers drawn with cigarette waste and drug paraphernalia. then again, this is no ordinary home. it's where i see a bianca and her husband lived together with their son. both parents had drug addicts and the slippers belonged to their little girl who died only 6 months after she was born. and so when we went to bed, she was fine. and then when i woke up, she was foaming at the mouth. i got scared, elizabeth, and hoped when i was high and heroine, that i hadn't placed my hand or leg on her, causing her to suffocate. okay. despite the doctor's ruling out her
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fears as you still carry the guilt of her daughter's death and her 2 year diction. the 20 year old was introduced to the habit by her boyfriend. he would secretly lease her cigarettes with a powder and by the time she found out she was already addicted, was that oh, i was in pain, yawning and cold in a scam, and that's when i saw him and he said, you are going through withdrawn. and you've been on heroin. now i'm hooked there and there's no way for me to go to rehab with nearly 3000 active injecting drug users. moline, the host, one of the highest numbers of heroin addicts and kenya, like most coastal towns in the country. it's used by international traffic as, as a transit point for drugs which are transported from afghanistan to the west. the covered 19th, endemic coupled with a feeling tourism industry has only made things worse for uses in this area.
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i doesn't take us long to see just how bad things can get. mohammed is here to get methadone, a synthetic opioid used for drug addiction therapy. but it's not good news. he needs to reduce his heroine intake further before he can be put on the therapy. i took the opportunity to ask him how he's feeling as i look at you, what i feel like rubbing you in drug the need to go get a here. because i'm going through withdrawal now. all right, where did i ever use hearing? i have nothing. i'm left with nothing. if you see the wesley marsh, it really had me. oh, i outside there many more active and recovering drug users. when they see the camera they asked, we can offer them work. is a deep sense of despair here as most are left with nothing but the my re project
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a community based rehabilitation center officials here, one of a worrying trend that has emerged with the fund demik when school closed and kids took going to school. so the number vented as a short term funder, because in molina so many people, if you're not taking care doing them, they're taking cut, smoking, marijuana, and cigarettes long. you, i'm one of just got the pandemic is also pushing recovering addicts to the edge is unfair. but i have thoughts of the love seat and every death of him, but when i come here, i feel some sense of relief, not to lodging you at some reason if you go said gully meant to somehow the government has forgotten us. home we are left homeless, sick, sick at home, much or she sick in the streets. so we have no choice but to support each other or new for us here. her only support at the moment is her husband himself, an addict, will lead the young mother cleaning a half abandoned house, a fitting metaphor for a woman struggling to keep her life together. that it
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was quite a patent story, wasn't that drug abuse is a huge problem. and how many rise in problem across africa for yes, x that see that job losses and school clothes as due to the cooper panoramic cost drug use to increase. but is that the whole truth about drug abuse in africa? let's join less show for some answers. let's start with a quiz. the most consumed drug in africa is alcohol. that's right. that means most drug users wouldn't even call themselves drug users, because alcohol is a legal drag. and as we know, it's actually more socially acceptable to drink than to smoke marijuana. we'll talk about illegal drugs in a moment. but 1st quick question. number 2, what to african country has the heaviest drink areas?
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well, according to the world health organization, it's the shelves. the average person there drinks a whopping 20 leaders of pure alcohol per year. also in the top 5 is uganda, followed by burkina, faso, tanzania, and nigeria. okay, let's talk other drugs. now. did you know that south africa is the only country in africa where marijuana is legalized? well, we asked people in ghana whether other countries should follow this path as well. for me, maybe i would go in for a week because it seems dr. domestically a quite animal people are using this. so i think maybe read should really go into my view, read smoking. it actually is the my like,
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i think something like mixing. i don't really have a fair idea by read in general when you use it, i think maybe to you or something like that. like i've heard friends talking about it. now, here is an interesting fact. although most drugs remain illegal, the un estimates that by 2030 africa is gonna see an increase if of a staggering 40 percent of drug users. why? well, the main reason is that the population is growing and getting younger and younger. and statistics show that young people take more drugs. there is one elicit drug that is especially famous among young people. marry one, i'm a weed, a kind of also popular in the population as
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a whole. our heroine, cocaine, crystal meth and prescription drugs like tramadol and coding. and then there are local drugs that are often not captured in international testing. we also have a plan to the growth in med room in the middle is the account in kenya growth, a plant called cut, or meta. it's called the easily available and therefore other people get their high by sniffing, glue, or petrol, or even smoking, lose our part. what i find interesting is that we africans have some of the strictest laws against drug use, but that is not deterring people from consumption. what might to a bill from uganda, believe the laws of his country are too strict. his uganda harm reduction that work has been criticized for offering legal support to those arrested for injecting
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drugs like harry and like if you want us to do like a small portion. that's right. mobile paying for buffalo, you will go there. look, look, and what's happening is that he's using them look x books, good money, community already advantage of the community. i found it shocking that some uganda and have even been arrested for seeking help. according to the 2016 uganda anti narcotics law. attics cannot go to rehab or get treatment at the country's only clinic that offers medication assisted treatment or maps without reporting to the police and a judge ordering them to get therapy. so i'm not surprised that many decide to stay in the shadow. on top of that, african substance abusers are not only seen as criminals, but also as centers. so instead of getting them medical treatment,
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families prefer seeking help in church believing that they should be validated before the judge blades that we run away. so what's the best way to deal with a drug issue? first of all, experts say it's important to inform possible users that drugs can have devastating effects on your physical and mental health. even so called light drugs like alcohol or am i want them. so please make sure you know about these before taking anything. experts also believe that it's important to fight stigma. offer free rehabilitation and medical treatment to those who seek it and treat drug users as people who need medical help and not as criminals. let us know what you think.
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thanks for that info less show. and yeah, bite in the stigmatization of drug use as is a good way to tackle the problem. many african countries are looking into the drug policies, especially regarding the use and production of cannabis. and some asking, legalize it or not. well, as you would expect, bad mixed opinions on the legalize asian of kind of is across the continent. request people on the streets of thought, africa can yeah. on my area to sadie, i felt with us so since kind of as susan lives in south africa when we're looking at the medical speak to all of it. yes, it does increase your health benefits. it's beneficial to you all, but now that it is legalized legislation is much more lenient. so these would be inefficient to society as well. so any legal aid it's not going to be criminalized . so in the government use that opportunity, they can use it to say that so something is the tax,
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but i think when i should be legalized for well, you can see 30 illegal. i mean everyone is doing the different of us. you know, so it's better that we can just, you know, start making something out of it. did the poor people be enough, but the end up going to be enough. but from the legalize ation of guns, we see because all that, each companies, they have the money and they have the facilities. i think it needs to be put. we put that being korea because there is some medicine all way in the way it will destroy generation. well, we definitely don't want the drafts to destroy our generation. dewey. thanks guys for speaking out. so what do you think say your thoughts, but as in our social media platforms, it fine. it's a fascinating debate. now since marijuana made headlines for it's using kind of treatments medicine, al cannabis has been touted of the next big money maker. but in the soto,
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not everybody's happy about the conditions. let's find out why. money doesn't grow on trees, but this bus or was a 100 years for graham. this is mary fino can obvious. it contains high levels of can now be dual or cbd. a popular remedy against inflammation, pain, and nausea. in 2017 sort of became the 1st african country to legalize cannabis farming for messina youth. creating a whole new industry for the tiny south and african country. point thing behind it moved from the capital. my favorite book into her whole village here in the muscle to highland, to work for the company, m g health. she never dreamed that she would one day grow can i before living? first time i had i won't be. and i couldn't believe that this thing can come here at our feet, but it's happen even live. and there is no need of us
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to go outside and look for some dog. listen to have ideal growing conditions, who can now be. but m g health is still the only company that exports medical grid can obvious from the country because it is used in the pharmaceutical industry. the production requirements are extremely high. over the past 5 years, m g health has invested over 34000000 euros in greenhouses irrigation systems and skew training. now the company has set it sites on expansion mean play over 280 people. these are young people, very smart people that were never able to find jobs. and today, you know, we exporting to poland, germany shortly into the u. k. but this isn't good news for everyone. we cannot be set to become a major cash crop for big business. small holder gro was around the country, and now a bundling the plans once clear for the black market in south africa. picky so come
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only is the only cannot be found my left in his village. police raids and price company him from sutherland have made it almost impossible to maintain his club. for him, things were much better before the lation kicked in my village, every household used to have a field of cannabis running on. why do you mean it was all full here and that's how people made a living. but while i lived in cuz it people didn't even bother to grow mays parents could send their children to school because of cannabis. can i can? i will not in the kids will come only walks in his young neighbor trouble for local together the dry entity seed the but before smuggling them over the border. for low cost, he's no way to make his business legal licenses to grow cannabis around $32000.00
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euros. way out of range for small holder grew was well frequently targeted by the police in my group where you won't get i feel very disappointed. things didn't work out the way they said they would buy gifts and we thought would be able to grow cannabis legally. but i can buy a license in the it's frustrating. i think there should be some form of support like a corporation where someone katrina and help us secure a license of one other. then we all put together funding that could help us start our business from the ground. again, i have been missing the after a long day trimming cannot be planned. my honda is ready to wrap up her shift. 2 years ago she quit her job in a clothing factory material where she saw jeans for 12 hours a day, 6 days a week. in the greenhouse, the walking conditions are much better and she answered twice as much as she used
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to cannot be, has quite literally change her life, just like the patient who will eventually benefit from her product. well, i believe cannabis has a bright future and the subtle, when i started working in the greenhouse, they told me we make drugs for sick people. people need medicine. so they need the cannabis stella to for generations. cannabis fleming was frowned upon or even punished with jail time. little tore has liberated this one's close space for big business. but small hold a group like for local and kamali and left empty handed in this evolving sector. it seems they are still winners and losers. it definitely is an evolve in sector that needs the right policies. so no one loses out. i don't know about you, but i've had enough of drugs, right? let's move away from narcotics and instead, get high on protecting our environment. in ethiopia, entrepreneurs, kiddies to,
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to spy as company tuba aims to reduce the countries addiction to plastic shopping box. she's not only challenging environmental pollution, but also creating jobs in odessa. baba, eco friendly in fair bags for men, women for work or for going out and produced locally in ethiopia. impossible will not for keeter's test failure kit is founded to but if you appear in 20. 19 in this suburb of addis ababa kit is created. 31 jobs for women like us. all the women are weavers in work from home. heaters comes regularly to collect the fabric, the me after this we use these fabrics for oh, different designs of bugs. so we can barely delay that. he just had the idea to
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start a business 5 years ago. at that time she was a student and she was living in this area which is known for this big dumpsite in 2017, a landslide on the site caused the death of at least 130 people. after this event, kita wanted to do something for the neighborhood. one of the reasons why that happened was existential philosophy, sponsoring the garbage dot 3, get the concept of the later about. we chose at that time if we produce environmentally friendly shopping box like paper bags for break box, we can replace plastic box. but she soon realised that the initial capital needed to produce paper or fabric for shopping bags was too high for her. so she looked for another way to create jobs here in old domains will live around here. and that, and also that incident happen at that in this area. so i wanted to create the jo. fortunately for the human to leave around junior senior was one of the 1st employees of keaton barrister, very,
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i'm trying to see if she'd do the fall break as i want it or as i trained her. so it's ok. all of cada's work is motivated by one idea to create jobs for women. she trains them herself and weaving a skill she learned from her mother. she is to make different crafting things like coach, i think, ne thing, things like that. so i learned from horner from her to non ye looks after 3 children. this work allows her to provide for a large part of the family's needs. with the money she is giving me, i pay the rent for my house. i also have an extra job doing she ruba has to help with the money from that i pay the rest of the food, et cetera job and i with the fabric made by the women heated returns to her office in the city center of addis ababa,
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the bags are then made in this small room. i'm not a designer professionally. so i just, when i see something and when any one to do some kind of bug, a just picture of my mind. and then i tried to draw his on in and bought out a paper, but then the paper. and then i think i cut alpha beta sheet is, is not a designer, but she can count on the help of a friend. one of the 4 experience taylor's, she is hired a group home as you catch up to go to we discuss with kid ist marching europe. mostly i work with leather and we mixed the leather with the fabric from the women worked with there are no to the shops yet, so most of the cells take place at bazaars. small markets for craftsman and they're slowly restarting, after almost disappearing in the last month. because of course he'd and i a concentration or if you care about, there was no,
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was on the market was very dawn. so it was not about food. but now things are getting better. keeter's cells $60.00 to $75.00 bags every month, to cope with the crisis and to re used the leather scraps, she started to sell smaller and cheaper objects, like wallets or bracelets. she also often works at night to sell her products in a concert hall for the future. she dreams of selling more and more bags to create more jobs for women. and in the longer term, she hopes to relaunch her idea of ecological shopping bag. yeah, we should all 5 environmental pollution, especially with fact creative solutions. now come with me to 1000 ia and let me agnes give luca. marcia last actress. she wants to become a movie star, as he's kicking hard to make this dream a reality. but she knows a healthy work life balance is just as important. yes,
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a story. agnes kiefer luca is among the 1st actresses in east africa to perform in martial arts films. it is rare for women to participate in such movies. welcome bomb, nodded angle ball game will be the auction. when i saw that they are not many women . he intends a near who are in action film when he no longer than enough fussy ambo. duck one and a 5th was at becky while kicked on between each at the phone. i took of it, i said, i want to take on this opportunity so that i can easily find success because these, that great need for women who can act in action films, young canada castiano, when augustin infinity financing them. well, that's okay quoted on it, but many women act in dramas. so she does what you need to come in. i will be the only one with about when he gets on the to not bend a fine up in the fact that tanzania, an action heroine,
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trains every morning to strengthen her talent and her legs. this is the secret to her success. but despite being a boxing actress, agnes also enjoys a normal life near a fan. it is very easy when i am at home. i am like a madonna book or when issues and when i am at work and i change coconut. and that is why people differentiate between home and walk life or architect. no puny. my shame. agnes. his dream is to make her country famous for its martial arts, talent. one day she hopes to become known in the global film industry. oh, you know, i that some mixed my salad spun aus much younger. but i would not one
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a mess with her boss for sure. got her up issue so i can hit the job. but hey, don't forget to hit the subscribe button on youtube and connect with us on our social media platforms. thanks for sticking with us. as always, we wanna play you out with some good music. this time we have nigerian musician david. oh, enjoy and see you next i believe is with ah, ah ah ah,
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with who building houses from air vapor real what now like a canadian started up wants to make reality soon. find out how they
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came up with this idea of how it works and how it will help the environment in to morrow. today. in 30 minutes on d, w o, i will interest the global economy our portfolio, d, w business beyond. here's a closer look at the project. our mission. to analyze the fight for market dominance. get a step ahead with d w. business beyond the green. do you feel worried about the planet we to i'm neil. host of the on the green fence
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post coast, and to me it's clear we need to change the solutions or out the join me for a deep dive into the green transformation. for me to do with them with ah
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ah ah, this is dw is coming to live for berlin, russia claim spect tree of this hope for ukraine's eastern new hunts region. russian forces are now a step closer to controlling all of the don bus. ukraine says it retreated to save it. soldiers lives of president below the middle lensky bows to reclaim.


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