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tv   Conflict Zone  Deutsche Welle  July 13, 2022 9:30pm-10:01pm CEST

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the figure of the jewel, it's a history of splendor of hatred and violence. is this more than on the jews were considered servants who evil jody. the most atrocious chapter of our people were exterminated $6000000.00 jews like microbes to be an isolated even 77 years after the holocaust hatred towards jews is still pervasive. the history of anti semitism this week on dw 18 months after the violence on capitol hill. it's clear that us democracy was in greater danger than previously believed. testimony to the january 6th committee described the crazy donald trump rattling with his own secret service, determined to lead his arm, supporters to congress, and overturn joe biden election victory. america's political system. my only job
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has devised my guess this week from canada is david from former white house stuff in george w bush's administration. now writer and columnist for the atlantic magazine. he says the stakes were and still are frighteningly high. it's certainly really to worry about. i can't, i wish i could give me more content like this. i mean, we do have the future of american democracy on the ballot. that's the number one valid issue last month for us to bring course divisions over 2 of the most contentious issues abortion and gun control. so is america's political fabric, a breaking point? that all the warning light flashing red? why is donald trump full of praise for putin and do the russian have a point when they refer to the iraq war and the cues, the west of hypocrisy, key questions this week on complex. i,
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david from welcome to complex own. thank you. were told that on january 6 last year, a desperate donald trump arms flailing, saw to lead an armed mob to capitol hill in an effort to overturn an election that he just lost. what would have happened if he succeeded? what you focus on the last action of the drama as if that were the whole story. but in fact, the incident of violence on january 6th, 2021 followed sequence of events that added up to a plan. that wasn't a great plan but wasn't completely bonkers. either with donald trump hoped to do was to create enough confusion about the election to take the election away from the legal election process. as we've had for the life of the constitution and throw the election into the court of last resort under the american constitutional system . the house of representatives, if he could bust up the process,
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get the election into the house. the house of representatives was not one person by one person by one person, but state by state, by state. and sister republicans had the majority of the state delegations, if he could throw the election into the house, he could somehow hold on to power. so there was a plan and it wasn't, it wasn't hopeless, it wasn't a great plan, but it was not hopeless. and the violent, dramatic act represented his last desperate attempt to get a strict plan back on track. so looking back, how close did he get to his goal? would you say? i don't think he became very close to school of remaining president, but he became very close to the school of disrupting the constitutional process. and he succeeded in putting to an end the long tradition of peaceful alternation our united states. this was, this was a non peaceful transfer power. and it's a stain on american constitutional history forever. and it's a precedent as well. it's a precedent and it, it's a warning. if we can see the warning,
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we can avoid the precedent. do you think jumbo, his family or any of his most senior aides will ever stand trial for plotting what amounted to sedition? i have no idea what will happen, but i think it is important that the president do face legal consequences. you know, there's a lot of argument about this in the united states. some people say it would backfire some people say it would not. i don't think you can predict the political consequences and when you can't predict, when you're dealing with imperfect information, just do the right thing. if it's not illegal to overthrow an election by violence, i don't know what usually when this country you think it's vital that there's a full independent report into exactly what happened january the 6th and the events that led up to it. do you think that will actually happen, isn't the problem that this committee, january 6 committee could have a very short lifespan? and if the democrats lose the house in the senate, in the mid terms, the republicans will shut it all down one day. i think the committee's work will be
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finished before the democrats lose control of congress if they do. and i think certainly there is an instinct in the republican party to cover up. but it's also true that we can see in the polls, movements of republicans away from don trump just today, just just before you and i spoke there was the newport should a majority of people regard themselves as republicans now think donald trump was indeed lying in his big lie about the election outcome. that's a big change, isn't it? it's a, it's a sufficient change. it may be, it's still only like 55 percent of republican think he's lying, but that's enough. all that is going to happen here and much understand the goal because it's not to be that what i mean. it would be nice if they were remorse to send in a commitment to a better way. but if you simply make it impossible for donald trump to be the republican nominee again, that's already progress. and we have a lot of we got a lot of toxins in the market political system to sweat out. but this is more than a talks, and this is an imminent threat. and if he is knocked out of the political process,
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we can begin to retrace steps back to normal political activity. he is a long way from being knocked out of the political process though, isn't true. i mean, you said specifically that he's going to run, but the assumption is a working assumption by many people is that he will, he's raised enormous amount of money. he's got to name recognition and he's got one other motive, which is there is an informal policy in united states that if somewhat somebody is nominated for major office, that the department of justice suspends any investigation of that person pending the election. they don't want to interfere in the election. and so if he does get the nomination, he buys himself some months where he can't be indicted as a gift, isn't it? as a gift to somebody who's the may have crooked intentions? i'm going to tell my theory about the way donald trump is run. his life is said he's always been 36 hours ahead of the bailiffs, so he never has long term plans. he's just got a plan not to get arrested that week. how do you combat though the
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avalanche of lying and the seat that has swept in and captured the republican party during his tenure? how do you come by that? i mean, these are loosely held beliefs that the republicans hold their unshakable articles of faith and rallying cries for radical action and violence, sunday, how do you, how do you turn this back inside the republican party? nothing important is ever done with ease. of course, it's challenging. you do it by focusing on repeating the truth over and over and over again. and it makes a difference. you know, there was an internet joke or twitter joke in the early part of the trump presidency or trump campaign l o l. nothing matters because donald trump would say something outrageous and his support would not collapse. but i don't think that was true. i think the real story of the trump years was that everything mattered. it was just that there was a lot of everything. and so people relentlessly work to tell the truth, report,
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honestly, to uphold standards. there all kinds of ambiguous people, people who were not heroes, but didn't go all the way to billing the either. and they made a difference. everything mattered. it all adds up. look, american, but america just one country of many. it's just one democracy of many, but it is so big and so consequential that what happens here as global implications . so when, so i'm on the rise and so polarized isn't it? and, and so polarized. well, i think democracies generally are becoming more, more, more polarized. i think that's part of modern life for reasons that maybe go beyond the end of the show. i think it's something but the nature of the way modern democracy works. but here it is most intense. and of course, here we have systems that are not mediating our differences. and here we have 400000000 firearms, by the way, in the country of 33330000000 people. so when it does get polarized, they can get violent very fast. how did trump find so many enablers?
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so many defenders. so many liars and she threw to follow him. you wrote about the complicity and cowardice of people who should have kept polarizing figures in check . did you mean mitch mcconnell, the republican leader in the senate? there are, there are circles of people in the republican in congress. there are the people in the world around donald trump. donald trump does have a few great gifts, and one of them is he's got miss wolf like ability to smell weakness. if there's a corrupt, if there's corruption, if there's weakness, if there's the ability to bully, he can sense that and people and use it for his own purposes. and he also saw that there are some inherent weaknesses in the american political system that we had not suspected before. but he, he said maybe in a sub rational way. but he's got the bully's instinct for the person to target. and he wasn't above threatening and intimidating people as best he could. and using pardons as a means of basically undermining investigations into those around him. you know,
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add the pressure in the constitution, the president inherited to kind of kingly, pardon, power, that the british kings used to have. but in modern times, this power has been kind of regularized presidents before trump did not pardon people at when they were. they delegated it to a to a committee that made recommendations. and then presence would do pardons, typically in big batches toward the end of their career based on recommendations from committee. and there is sometimes be some personal interest. but the idea of using the pardon power as a regular tool of politics to protect people who testify against you. that's one of donald trump's innovations. and so very dangerous innovation. and what we need to do, we need to get back to the idea of the pardons should be regularized, should be staff review federal cases and say, here's someone who looks like they are punished too heavily, or someone may be innocent or someone who's performed. and mister president, we recommend that you use are hard to power. his former national security adviser, john bolton said that obstruction of justice was a way of life for donald trump. fits him well with
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a description that you've given him. yeah, i mean, donald trump, before he became president, was the least bankable name and your real estate. i mean, no reputable person would do business with him. i must absolutely had to talk to people in the real estate industry. i mean, he might have a piece of property that it was indispensable, the land assembly, and then you had to do business with them. but made sure you want a lot of lawyers because he was not a reliable or trustworthy person. so once you give that person the power to control the department of justice, they're going to use it and he did. how helpful is it that in the midst of all the political polarization that we've been talking about, you have a right wing dominated supreme court that seemed determined to stop divisions on abortion. and loosen, at least as far as new york is concerned, they already inadequate controls on gun ownership. how help with that, when the supreme court has proven to have very much an agenda of its own, it has been very unhelpful to donald trump on the particular things that, that he wanted to do. that donald trump didn't,
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i think may not have understood quite the way the bargain he signed up forward. mitch mcconnell got mitch mcconnell judges, but they were mitch mcconnell, georgia, so they've delivered for republicans on as you say, agenda items, like abortion, like guns, like regulation of the environment. but when donald trump turned to the court and said, i want you to protect my financial documents from waffle subpoenas, congress. the court said nothing doing your on your own. so this is one case where he didn't read the fine print and he got out maneuvered by mitch mcconnell on guns . you put the arguments time and again that people with guns are in fact less safe than those who don't have them. no one's listening that do you foresee a time when people might listen? what do you think it needs to happen? what needs to happen to change people's orientation on this? i think it begins with the kinds of changes and attitude we had with things like drunk driving. the whole world is riveted by these horrifying massacres,
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especially when it's actual and, and it's just, it's just heartbreaking. but day in day out, dozens of americans are killed or injured in accidents or negligible. p will be it will discharge them and, and hurt someone they lot of father will hear a noise and go down stairs. if there's a house breaker and kill his own child, these things happen. i mean, literally every day and the killings are dwarfed by the wounded. in these accidental cases, people don't aim very who are not intending to kill aim. and so the gun fires near the person and we've been with lifelong disabilities and those thousands of cases of those. and i think americans be to wake up that gun in your house is not keeping your safe. it is a threat to the people you love. most get rid of it, get a dog instead. if you want to keep prostate on abortion, your more optimistic than guns on to you suggested in a piece last month that the new state laws on abortion could collapse in the same
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way that support for prohibition collapsed in the 930. why do you think that republicans are at the state level? are massively overreaching that they every pool tells us that we have about a 6030 split on abortion. 60 percent of americans want it pretty broad abortion right. 30 percent of americans want to narrow abortion right. only a tiny minority want to see abortion band. under all circumstances, republicans are passing laws that are much more restrictive than public opinion, even in the conservative states. and they did it because they thought it was a free vote. the supreme court was, you know, because this report would stop the law from going to effect. so don't get to mad at you. it was a way of demonstrating your commitment to your core followers. but now it's real. and now when you pass a law saying, no rape exception, no instruct exception, no exceptions for life of the help of them that even in conservative states are big cities, atlanta, houston, doubts, tampa, tampa, phoenix,
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and there are republican leaning suburbs for women. say, you know, i'm pretty conservative and i don't think portion should be using the form of birth control. it shouldn't be on demand. but no bush and ever, even if the mother's life in danger are joking and republican parties are going, i think what is going to happen is battle over abortion is going to move from being a battle between democrats and republicans to battle within the republican party. where some republicans are going to say to other republicans, you've gone too far. we talked earlier about the possibility of trump running for election. we're already seeing efforts by his supporters to take control of election infrastructure in many states. how extensive is that in your view? it's a real world, it is a real world, and there's a because what donald trump did, the end was too clumsy and too gross for the american political system. that what other people have more shrewdly recognized, is that if you manipulate the system a little bit, you can't refuse to count votes once they've been cast. but it's not so difficult
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to stop the votes being cast in the 1st place. and it's not too difficult to wait, devote some people's will count for more and other people's votes counts, count for less. and the american system is never been as represented as a parliamentary system is. but you can make it more equal as happened between about 960 and about 2005 or even pushing the opposite direction as we've been doing since 2005 and now with turbo power since 2020. but it depends who's in control? of the election infrastructure isn't it? at the beginning of june, at least $35.00 election denies were running for governor in 20 states. and in 6 states they were running for all 3 top state positions. should they win how safe our elections going to be in america? it's a really to worry about, i can't, i wish i could give me more confidence about this. i mean, we do have the future of american democracy on the ballot. that's the number one ballad issue and it's, it's hard for people because, you know, gas prices are so crazy and food prices are rising and your real fears about world
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peace because of the russian aggression and new crime. there's so much every day. bread and butter stuff to worry about, it's hard. remember that beyond all this, our 1st concern is the health of our democracy, and that's on the ballot too hard to remember. but in if biden's poll ratings continue to fall, the way they have been, trump may well not have to cheat too. when the next round, if suppose a ride, almost 2 thirds of registered voters, voters in the, in the democratic party, don't one biden to run for a 2nd term. can be, can democrats afford to ignore that message? well, that particular pull you decided, i think is less meaningful than it sounds that one asked, would you like biden, or would you like somebody else? and it's like me ask you what you like for dinner. would you like chicken or would you like something else that might be better than chicken? no, i don't know. consequential. isn't it a present? yes. yes but, but it's a hyphen, you're offering people hypothetical unnamed unspecific alternative. and i think the
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questions. okay. if not, i'd and then who, and that becomes a real problem. well here's, here's, i think the way this plays out, the democrats are obviously heading into a very bumpy 2022. as encumbered parties are heading into bumpy elections all over the world. inflation is so real and so painful and the supply shocks real and we are still unwinding the, the cobra disaster. but if republicans do well, then they have the job of not overreaching, not passing that not try to pass national abortion bands, not going crazy. the way they did in the middle 900 ninety's. remember, the election of 1994 that swept the democrats out of power when president clinton was in charge. and republicans then went so far. so while the president quinton read one real election by campaigning against republican congress and history never repeats itself, but that potential is there. it will take a lot of discipline by republicans in congress not to make themselves the issue were 2024. the stakes are enormously high for 2024, aren't they?
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joe biden hinted about himself when he told a senior diplomat senior diplomat recently. i certainly hope my presidency works out if it doesn't. i'm not sure we're going to have a country of things really that bad. while things are, it's ominous as, as we've been saying, the state of democracy is on the line. one thing that is also on line is look on the question of ukraine versus russia. the republican leadership is reasonably solid. mitch mcconnell is a true friend of ukraine. he that he visited and committed to the gradient that arms supplies would go through the senate. kevin mccarthy, the republican leader of houses, is a much weaker and was effective leader than mitch mcconnell. but he too has been pretty good. but there is going to be an important caucus in the republican house of representatives group that is anti ukraine. and the question after loading day in november 22 is how much power will those people have within the republican world? and of course, donald trump is no friend of ukraine and a great friend of russia. and some of the other republican candidates kept very
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quiet. the likeliest alternative to donald trump is the governor, florida governor just had a governor just had this has not said a word, a support of word if you grant about your grant is not that anything against you. but it's an incredible thing for someone who's obviously running for president to have kept so silent about that. he's struggling. one of the most crucial foreign policy lines we have. how do you read donald trump's praise for russia? calling put in a very savvy guy and saying this is genius as he was preparing to invade ukraine, same from mike, pump, pale jumps from the secretary of state, calling, put in a very talented statesman with lots of gifts. what do you think behind that? well, it might come pay us case. i think he just was trapped and clumsy wording pay has been robust in supportive of ukraine as robust as you could well working for donald trump. donald trump's case look, every, everybody needs a hero and donald trump found he is enlightenment. biden always says he has
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ukraine's back. you believe him? i think the ukraine, that it taken us a while there been some missteps. the, by much the whole democratic world has as rally to the grant to create, you know, this is more that can be done, especially can remember quite as a quite developed country ukraine at the same time as it is fighting a war, has to deliver pensions as to operate hospital services has to keep children in school in the cities where the war is and a bad passion deal with this vast refugee diaspora. all of that cost enormous amounts of money while they fight a fight in which we are all at which we are all involved. russia dismisses criticism of its ukraine invasion by talking about western hypocrisy. look what they did in iraq. 20 years ago. they say, put, you know, the point doesn't have 100000 people died in iraq for a war based on 2 big lives didn't. but what kind of point is that, excuse me, when i fire this rocket into an apartment building, because back in 1916, there was a battle on the some cuteness firing rockets. right now. he's waging
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a war of aggression right now. and these kinds of excuses there are teenage debating points. they don't answer anything about the to the people who are grieving their last loved ones, wives, children, husband in court yard apartment. let me just stop shooting the brackets and stop trying to invade another country and seize its grain and to make yourself rich. but the west can hardly claim the moral high ground can it when it's done, things like that, go to war on a false pretense in iraq on this is not we're not engaged here in some kind of accounting exercise geisha and trying to stop a war of aggression by one great power nuclear power against a neighbor that did nothing to offended. russia is engaged in inactive aggression and we are all rowing to protect the victims, russian aggression. you said the war cast a long shadow, isn't it? also a pretty shameful shadow in many ways, the iraq war, the iraq, the iraq war is a complicated story. because in that case,
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we are not united states and its allies, brickley, britain. we will go to war to overthrow a democracy went to war to overthrow one of the most vicious dictators in the post, 945 history of the world. we were not successful in achieving a stable and outcome as we hoped. but i don't think anybody graphs that if saddam hussein is gone, no one in iraq and no one outside iraq. and so we were in the issue, there is one we weren't successful in doing what we hoped to do. but to suggest that there is some excuse for russia, but in its war of atrocity atrocity as a deliberate tactical war in ukraine. you know, they can invoke anything they want, but the fact is they are firing rockets at apartment buildings right now. you are one of george w bush's speech writers at the time, in fact, to colorado, what i missed the axis of evil phrase that he used in his 2002 state of the union speech speech touched on iraq, north korea, and iran, and said,
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states like these and that terrorist allies constitute an access of evil arming to threaten the peace of the world. in any of these cases, the price of indifference would be catastrophic. looking back, are you not troubled that, that speech that you worked on might have been used to, but just a war that was built on lies and intelligence that didn't exec false intelligence that people knew was false. since that speech, north korea has become a nuclear power and around is become on the verge of where power is in the world as a much more dangerous place because of north korean nuclear weapons. and for and gets nuclear weapons will be more dangerous place to get. so president bush, some of the american people and some of the world's attention to the danger of these regimes, in the case of around one was leading state sponsored terrorism. getting these dangerous weapons. i that all struck me as, as completely necessary to say so i think present bushes, warnings were timely, incorrect. i wish the iraq war had been more successful. i'm sorry,
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it was more success and no regrets about the lives that but just it. i think that everyone involved did read the information they had as well as they could. it's not a lie when you turn out to be mistaken about something. i think president bush sincere, i know, he sincerely believe that iraq had weapons of mass destruction. he was wrong about that as, as others were as the see the time the see i paris, the station chief bill. murray said there was a consistent effort to find intelligence that supported preconceived positions and resides bad intelligence. got to the leadership very quickly. other intelligence just didn't get anywhere before my head of britons and my 6 said the intelligence was being fixed around the policy. and that was a year before the invasion. i think there's a lot of truth that i think that people had a stereotype view of what was going on. and they look for information that supported the view and disregarded information that didn't. that is, that is a real danger in, into,
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in any kind of decision making. 11 important lessons with the iraq wars. you need to have always a team be you need have at the table. people saying ok, i know it looks a certain way, but what if we read this information in a different way? i think that those criticisms are completely correct david from it's been very good to have your own company. thank you very much. indeed. thank you very much. ah ah ah, with
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a through the desert for l. sasha, a dream comes true. the 1st one is rally in saudi arabia. a special day for the
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conservative kingdom. and to success for which the women have more global 3090 minutes on d w. oh. i just got it all say well crazy mm hm. we're all set to go beyond the obvious citizenship when we're all in as we take on the we're, we're all about the stories that matter to you. whatever it
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takes police my follow with w. fire made. imagine how many portion of love us heard out in the world right now. climate change very cost the story. this is my flex the way from just one week. how much was going to really get we still have time to go. i'm going on with his subscribe along with frankfort, a hot international gateway to the best connection, south road and radio located in the out of europe. you are connected to the whole world experience standing shopping and dining office and johnny our services
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will be our guest at frankfurt airport city, managed by fraud for ah, ah ah, this is the w news live in from berlin. you as president joe biden arrives in israel kicking off a high stakes trip to the middle east. today. biden paid tribute to holocaust victims at israel's yard burcham memorial. a moment of reflection ahead of what promises to be days of.


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