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tv   The Day  Deutsche Welle  August 11, 2022 4:02am-4:30am CEST

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you'll find a lot more on our website, d, w dot com. ah, crimea is a favorite vacation destination for russians, beaches san fun, and perhaps some black smoke and explosions as well. on tuesday, one person died in a blast at a russian air base near the crime be in cocoa. now ukraine had said that it was not responsible, but ukraine's president zalinski. he's reminding the world that crimea used to be a part of his country. russia illegally annexed crimea, back in 2014. now zalinski says, the war with russia will not be over until russia's occupation of crimea is also over. i'm forgotten. berlin, this is the day. ah, i was standing and then it felt like even i flew into the air or fell under ground . i was so scared all my certainly it was at the claim. you know,
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forces explosions have been declared, an emergency situation for the region. they're using alteri attacking supply dumps and commodity control to create fee up on the russian side. this russian war against ukraine and against all of free europe begun with crimea on most and with crimea. also coming up u. s. and native forces left afghanistan, one year ago, and so did much of the $4.00 and $8.00 did any of that make a difference in the lives of the most vulnerable afghans. a 1000000000 spent by foreign powers on development, st. to create the lasting conditions needed to reduce infant mortality can lead. not that i'm a doctor if i have not left the country for the past 26 years. and in all this time we have gunnison was never stable and never peaceful policy.
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to our viewers watching on p b. s in the united states into all of you around the world. welcome. we begin the day with the russian invasion of ukraine and the crimean factor this week, ukraine's president zalinski said that the war with russia actually began when russia annex crimea, and that the war can only end when russia's annexation ins. no back in 2014 russia illegally. annexed crimea, that meant no recognition by the international community. it also meant punitive sanctions against russia from the west. but zalinski is now clearly book ending this war with the conflict over crimea to the question is, why are we now hearing from an emboldened ukrainian president who believes that his military can really push the russians out of the east and off the crimean peninsula . knowing what is happening on the ground in this war and reading the mind of the president, both remain incredibly difficult. what we can confirm tonight is that a russian airbase in crimea was rocked by an explosion on monday,
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an advisor to the ukrainian president has denied in a responsibility at the same time making clear crimea as significance in this war. and he did that by tweeting this, the future of crimea is to be a pearl of the black sea, a national park with unique nature and a world resort. not a military base for terrors. it is just the beginning. a brilliant blue sky turns dark after several powerful blast. images of black smoke at a russian air basin. the black sea were posted on social media by beach goers in crimea, a popular holiday destination for many russians. but these holidaymakers may now want to change their plans. tour is described how they experienced the detonations . oh yes, well you got that i was standing and then it felt like either i flew into the air or fell under ground. i was so scared, my husband jumped up,
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he was resting and said, what happened? and then we took a few steps back and immediately saw this cloud and a column of smoke right above us. but i'm not, none in crimea was used by russia as one of the launch pants for its invasion of ukraine. moscow has had troops stationed on the peninsula since it illegally annex crimea in 2014 many ukrainians. consider this to be the start of russia's invasion, including ukraine's president vladimir zalinski, received this russian war against ukraine and against all of free europe began with crimea on most and with crimea. with its liberation. you'll soon rush as defense ministry says the explosions were detonations of stored ammunition and not the result of an attack. ukraine has denied it was responsible for the incident, which took place deep in a rush, an occupied territory. but as senior ukrainian officials suggested that the blast
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could have been the work of partisans saboteurs, war russian incompetence. so far ukraine hasn't reported carrying out any major attacks on russian targets in crimea. officials and moscow warren that would trigger massive retaliation including strengths on key iv ah, next monday will mark one year since the fall of cobble back into the hands of the taliban. we all remember those disturbing images of people trying to flee as the last u. s. and native forces left the country thousands tried to get out of the capital cobble as the taliban closed in. some made it to the airport and tried to board any plane that would take the taliban takeover of if afghanistan came after months of rapid territorial gains and it caught the afghan government and its western allies by surprise. since then, the taliban have presided over an economy and freefall,
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the exodus of foreign aid as fuel. one of the worst humanitarian disasters in the world. many in afghanistan are suffering while the taliban. a rolling back rights for women, breaking a promise that they made as they retook power last year. women are once again required to be covered from head to toe in public. they cannot travel without a mil, guardian, and most of them are barred from working. but there are some exceptions. d, w, 's, sondra, payton's mom introduces us to a doctor in cobble, one of the very few working women left in the country. oh, what addressing the meat doctor mal ally facing? she's a rare exception in afghanistan. why the taliban forced most working women from their jobs? doctor fight you see got a promotion. she's no director of the country's biggest maternity clinic and cobbled female and neonatal health is one area where the fundamentalists rulers
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understand they need women from on the more the of, on, just on as america. this is linked to the culture and tradition of afghanistan. when a woman is pregnant, she should go to a female doctor. i don't mckenna, because a female doctor can better examine and treat her than i mailed out. i hope was a lot of me than a good one. a mother you gonna as arabic, over 1000000 doctor. i say some of them get your, we have your that her ward rounds are busy. the hospital deals with up to 2500 birth a month. a many, many of the women have difficult deliveries you to man attrition, antinini out there as not. that can be making. the team performs up to 40 syrian sections each day. well her versus that remember name, how does he get it? does your them a lot of people are jobless on amazon, and when families cannot afford for expecting mothers to eat, good lord, nutritious food will they face a lot of problems on lumber problems?
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shows up the shortest one m many babies here are born prematurely. more than 20 new borns have died in each of the past 4 months. the 1000000000 spent by foreign powers on development fate to create the lasting conditions needed to reduce infant mortality. to my, i bought that i'm a doctor. i have not left the country for the past 26 years and in all this time of janice and was never stable and never peaceful though lot susie with her after her hospital shift. dr. foisy works in the private clinics. she runs with her husband. here many patients are under family pressure to have children, but can't conceive or have miscarried. it can be difficult for women to carry a pregnancy to term when constantly stressed and life in afghanistan is stressful, especially for women. muslim on it so, so i will only feel happy when my country is at peace and secure. that gets you out
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of i'm yet. and when all the troubles that our people are facing are resolved dilemma and they are com. i know that that's when i will be able to relax in missouri. show this as an automatic when she gets home after a long working day, darkness awaits her. the electricity's off, a daily experience for many families, and cobbled as she sits down for tea with her youngest daughter. we ask her why she doesn't leave afghanistan. emma, than me. i've once done any, i got, i am an afghan. huh. and i got my education from the blot of this nation's people, including my mac. i want to shove, my people had called on long if all of us decide to leave now who will rebuild this country? because what i care about hookah marva is waiting to take the university entry exam to study medicine. she's clear on why she wants to follow in her mother's footsteps seemed as cold. yeah. but that again,
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cause our society needs female doctors in every single province. after the recent earthquake, there were no female doctors in the field to help the injured women. not only mayo doctors were there, but not a single female. and i want to help the women of my country, geneva, the hispanic, is one common where the mar about with follow her mothers, korea with the up to the taliban. they way the site, how many women doctors they want and where to get out of it. well, i'm joined now by dr. siemens, mom. she is a physician. she's also a former minister of women affairs in the african government. and she is the former chair of the african independent human rights commission. dr. mar, it's good to have you on the show. it's been a year since the taliban took over afghanistan again. what is the situation now for women who need health care in the country? can they access the care that they need. ringback thank you very much for having me
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in this program. i think with the collapse of the government that most of the systems are collapse in the country. always do it at united nation and some information in use or nationally and trying to keep that provisional physics, social services including health care. but of course, it was not as good as it was before, and then people have access to have services as quite limited one because of poverty. people do not have the means to transport the patients to to those clinics . secondly, it, because of the cost of them getting and services are good quality and services. because most of the, unfortunately, of the staff left the country even before the collapse of the government getting public in the country. we were facing limitation on having female medical staff
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in very difficult part of the country or which was accessibility was different. we just saw that report that there has been an increase in the number of premature babies being born in afghanistan. do we know why that is? well, of course one, it's because of the poverty. and the mother's does does not have access to a quality food about the food that they need during the pregnancy or even normally. and the human being who needs better quality of food. secondly, it's a life is who look at stress. they lost the job. the main member of the family do not have job opportunity. they cannot learn. so the whole domestic violence increase in the currency woman's are not safe at home, and women's are not safe in the public because in bullets, they have a lot of restriction one and public because of the telephone. who's andrew relation?
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you see that they are there any almost and the last month or last year, almost a week or 2 every 2 weeks they had in order for them. right. so no restriction on the see that secondly, they yeah, they announce that there are there that if women go out of the house, the town coming there for a is the name of the family being punished. so encouraging plus we are within the family currently because there's no mechanism to provide any kind of protection to this woman's who are facing by us because that yours or the human rights commission day ministry reform is a fan in the prosecutor office when there was a specific department, elimination of violence in so on our on closed was only,
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don't know where to let me ask you for the few female doctors remaining in afghanistan. how are they able to actually be a doctor? i'm just wondering if you are a woman and you're a doctor in afghanistan and there is a medical emergency. if a young boy needs to be treated or man, i mean, it can be the female doctor, can she attend to this patient? i mean, what does this look like? well, i think when it's it, of course they can attend the patients. but they have to be very careful during that time. male doctor cannot attend female doctor, really as they used to be. because when we finish the medicine and i found a son or any other countries, we have a special for us patients. is patients no matter who they are. but there's limitations because of this political are there by the unfortunate. ringback in fact, a mentor that on our by force in the country. but in
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some parts of the country, if there's only a female doctor, then of course they can attend that many patients as with the caution of course, and we don't have much time with that. i would want to ask you this, is this medical emergency, this humanitarian disaster in afghanistan? do you see that is putting enough pressure needed to force to tell the bon to, to lift these restrictions on or afghan women or is that just wishful thinking? well, i think unfortunately, not much as we see. and i think the people who claim that that help or not change it show that they on change they, it's a question of power and control. and they want to control at least to have the population easily. and the name of protection and protect of all of that culture in the country. and i think it's a, it's a violence against half of the population and destruction of against half of the
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population does not mean security and protection to women. but to the people in general, and so much needless suffering doctor to see what some are we appreciate your time and your valuable insights. thank you. thank you so much. ah, russian natural gas may or may not be in the pipeline for europe this coming winter . we simply don't know what the kremlin plans to do. it is a different story. however, for russian co beginning to de imports of coal from russia into europe, or band. the embargo as part of e u, sanction slapped against russia over the invasion of ukraine. with less coal to burn some european countries are increasing their use of nuclear power, and that is creating more radioactive waste, which has to be stored somewhere. finland is pioneering. a system which its operators say can permanently contain all of the countries spent nuclear waste. not
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in my backyard, you might think, well, you might want to think again, d w's. terry schultz picks up the story from here. who wants to live next to a new, clear sight? well, this guy for one, and evidently most of the other, some 9000 residents of the town of error yaki finland. it's the proud home to 3 nuclear reactors and opening soon, the world's 1st permanent storage site for high level radioactive waste. rigate there are realistic purchase. it's about $20000000.00 per year. erie okey mayor vessel luck in him. he says, decades of good relations and no accidents. with the okey lu, auto nuclear power plant led his community to actively campaign to be chosen also as the location for the uncle repository. the facility is being called a game changer and the nuclear power industry because the waste is deposited so deep in the earth. it really euro's the economic boost from the nuclear industry is
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welcome, but embracing it's waste requires deep trust in expertise and authority, part of the bedrock of thinner society. thanks to that and the unique suitability of the actual finish bedrock. this country is making history, half a kilometer below ground. welcome to call them. when the site becomes operational. within the next couple of years, the spent nuclear fuel will be transferred into steel canisters and then copper capsules lowered into tunnels and sealed off forever. at the moment the uncle o site is still in its trial phase. as experts continue finalizing the details of permanently disposing of spent nuclear fuel with such high level radioactive waste, there is no room for miss steps. looked good geologist, johan hanson says every precaution has been taken to ensure that all so into for future that there are no any, any pathways,
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inches or surveys so. so this facility will store to canisters for 100000 off years, though the project has been underway under ground for almost 2 decades. it's getting new interest from abroad. that's due in part to the european parliament designation of nuclear power as a green fuel. and the push in europe to reduce dependence on russia as an energy supplier, as it wages war on ukraine. so uncle is getting lots of attention these days and not only from scientists and journalists, $17000.00 people per year, come to see this interactive visitor's center and take a tour of the facility posse to a, him, a heads up communications for pussy by the company. responsible for on callo. he says his goal is to demystify the process of nuclear power generation. a lot of people say that nuclear is good, but then you have this a waste of use nuclear fuel bubble would out what we're saying is that not that's
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not true. or we do have the solution for that and is completely safe to a he my says he expects more european countries to follow finland's lead. now that they're forced to reconsider how to power their futures in the w as terry. so she joins me now. terence, good to see you, i'm glad that we can talk about this either. you, we saw it there, that story, you did the journey to the center of the earth research that this story needs. and i want to start with the counter intuitive nature of this story. mean when it comes to nuclear waste facilities, people typically say in a, not in my back yard, but that's exactly not what they're saying in finland. why is there? that's right, brent. unthinkable in there in germany or in the united states or in most other countries. and it doesn't just look that way. brent, in fact, communities vied to become the location for this permanent storage facility they
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actively wanted to be chosen. and so this, this town that i visited area, okay, had been determined to have the highest public approval rating for being a permanent nuclear waste site. so yes, this seems incredible, but i talked to people there and in fact they had no concerns about the safety. they'd been convinced through years of research that, that this was going to be fine, and then it would give their, their community a stable, a stable source of income. he always shop at the interview there. the gentleman said, yes, this is completely safe. how was he able to say that we were talking about radio active ways that remains radioactive for thousands, if not a 1000000 years. me. how can anyone predict anything that far into the future? of course, we'll never know whether they were right or not because we are talking about hundreds, thousands, hundreds of thousands years into the future. but this site was approved for the
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beginning of construction more than 20 years ago. they've been working on it that long. the excavations started in in the early 2, thousands and geologist and scientists and safety authorities had been working on it ever since. and this is something the mayor explained to me also why they're such a high level of confidence. and that's because all of the, the safety measures were taken before the politicians got to decide on whether this would happen or not. so people felt very confident that that their questions could be answered and that this wasn't a decision being taken by politicians for their own benefit. and there is a hotline set up by the facility. there are emails being answered regularly from anyone who has a question as well as these tours. these are basically bus is full of people who want to go see for themselves. so this was a really remarkable experience also for me to see, you know, it's important to remind you as to this is not an endorsement of having more nuclear power plant. of the danger within the reactors,
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that remains. but if this is truly the answer to save permanent storage of radioactive waste, why is it being used in other countries or is no, i mean even this in this facility hasn't gone operational yet in finland. it's got a couple more years of testing. they say it's almost ready, but we're going to test it for a couple more years. that just shows you how careful they're being. but in fact, stay tuned because i would expect that they are more sites that are going to be going to be started like this because neighboring sweden, which had researcher saying that they did not believe that this was a trustworthy concept to seal the nuclear waste in copper tubes and then and then bury them in bentonite clay. they have come around over the last decade and decided that this is in fact a credible, a credible system. and sweden is going to start building a site based on exactly the same technology as uncle and mister to whom i there you
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saw in my story says he's getting a lot of calls from other countries, including those in north america all over europe as, as countries as governments look for alternative sources of energy from russian supply, fuel, and safe ways to store this forever. yeah, we got about 36. i was gonna ask you about the conflict in ukraine, the russian invasion, did you hear from the folks there in philly. did they say that actually their solution may be the right solution that the right time? well, i'll tell you that they certainly expected germany to be making a few calls in that direction. should. should berlin have to decide to extend the life of its own nuclear reactors to provide more more energy? so yeah, this is something they expect to get to be getting a lot more attention than it already is with, with the turning away from from moscow interviews to racial series, always excellent reporting. very interesting. thank aah.
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in finally, a fringe, a free diaper has broken the world record by diving a 120 meters below the caribbean. say, take a look at this, or no. gerald reached that depth of the bahamas with no breathing apparatus. just one big breath. it was under water for 3 and a half minutes breaking his own personal world record. this is the latest in a string of new records that gerald has set and amazing set a train to walk. this man has to have these almost done, the conversation continues online to find us on twitter at dw news, or you can follow me on twitter and read off tv. and remember, whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see you then everybody ah, with
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renaissance of fossil energy in north dakota, everyone was in favor of oil. as the 2nd largest oil state in the usa is profiting from the current energy crisis, people hope that the industry and with jobs will once again made in germany on d w. conflict zone with arrest. banner di russia and ukraine are taking
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heavy casualties in the don bus, but has ukraine already lost the east? my guest this week believes that is likely the case in burma is a political scientist. i'm fond of the eurasia group. i'm going to happen and believe the russians have said it will last all this and more on this week's conflict zone with 60 minutes on e w. you great with listen carefully. don't know how with today. ah, feel the magic discover the world
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around you. subscribe to d w documentary on youtube. blue, a blue is nuclear power. the answer to the world's energy crisis. as the war and ukraine rages on, many countries have been seeking to reduce their.


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