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tv   Afghanistan  Deutsche Welle  September 1, 2022 11:15am-12:00pm CEST

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but for now, we thought han and her daughter are staying with friends, but they have no idea what their future holds. up next hour documentary on us troops returning from afghanistan with post traumatic stress disorder. i've been puzzling nick spicy will have you in use next down a by an interest in the global economy. our portfolio d w. business beyond. here's a closer look at the project. our mission. to analyze the fight for market dominance. good is still the head with d w. business beyond ah,
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ah, with made the decision with clear eyes, i will launch send another generation america to warn afghanistan. when america withdrew its troops from its longest overseas war in afghanistan, the country was left in chaos. so how this whole area is under taliban control? our administration is fully functional. each and every department is working well bothered you? oh, we were completely 100 percent lost when it came to the politics of the fight who we were actually fighting. and then what the in game was on the war on terra's impact can still be found in america. do 10 percent of the people arrested for violence criminal activity at the u. s. capital had either current or former terry spear
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ah ah ah ah ah.
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i was born on the bomb, has it on many people with right now with on september, the 11th 2001 al qaeda attack the twin towers in new york. in response, george w bush started the operation enduring freedom in afghanistan. the search is underway for those who are behind these evil acts. i have directed the for resources of our intelligence and law enforcement communities to find those responsible and to bring them to justice for summer in
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latin was hunted and eventually killed in an operation led by the u. s. over time the u. s. added objectives like nation building to its plans for afghan as tom but the taliban are experts at guerrilla warfare. they continue to operate from the country south and impeded progress as with gold in the crossfire was afghanistan civilian population. more than $100000.00 people were killed either by us bombing campaigns or by taliban revenge attacks of a kid that off with in
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2020, with more than one trillion dollars spent, the u. s. decided to seek the political solution with afghanistan. then president donald trump signed a piece deal with the taliban for a transfer of power. his successor, president joe biden upheld the decision to withdraw us troops are made. the decision was clear, ice after 20 years. a trillion dollars spent training and equipping hundreds of thousands of afghan as security and defense forces. i will not send another generation. mergers to warren afghanistan would know reasonable expectation or achieving the different outcome. in july 2021, the center of u. s. military operations in bank graham was swiftly evacuated.
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me. i've gone his dance. national army founded south put to the test. after 2 decades. it would now have to defend the country by itself. and it lacked proper training and how to counter guerrilla warfare without us, as support. emboldened the taliban launched a $75000.00 strong offensive across the country. the african army quickly faltered. many unit surrendered without a fight. so this whole area is under taliban control. our administration is fully functional, each and every department is working well. according to summer ponds, a large number of the 600000 american weapons, 75000 vehicles, and 200 airplanes fell into taliban, half the collapse, deeply shocked american war veterans who had served in afghanistan. keeping with
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american traditions, afghans would give us little certificates as we left. so this was from 2009. and this jason dempsey is a former ami major, who served in afghanistan for nearly 2 years. during his 2009 deployment, he fought the taliban in kuna. bardack cost and packed the provinces in eastern afghanistan, the piano span in 2009. we were very good at targeting hunting and killing, but we were completely 100 percent lost when it came to the politics of the fight who we were actually fighting. and then what the end game was, there's a lot of morphing between well, is the priority or is our new enemy? you know, is, are sworn forever. and i mean, now the taliban, we just paying them all with one broad brush. they were the enemy. that was the easiest thing to do,
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and then count the success as taking the fight to them without ever thinking about well, why do they keep coming? well i say ha, during his 2nd talk, jason dempsey was an advisor to the afghan military. his job was to train them to fight against the taliban. bought the 6 call of the afghan army, none but fewer than $300000.00 soldiers in total. and they were spread across a vast expanse. they received, you asked support in the form of an power and intelligence. one of the biggest mistakes we made is we said, well, we're going to create an arm, it looks like us. and what we're doing was we're creating a national army for a nation that simply didn't exist. and there are
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a lot of things that make our army effective, impossible things like a factor bureaucracies. the rule of law, black, a sectarian violence literacy, a force it's able to adapt and learn and use a lot of different technologies. those things don't exist in afghanistan. the fight against the taliban exposed the chronic corruption and mismanagement of then president ashcroft. gandhi's government. right? right, more than $300000000.00 per year went to paying salaries of afghan security, full staff members who didn't exist. in fact, according to one investigation afghan truitt numbers were as low as 50000 when the taliban took cobble. currently, afghanistan is one of the 10 most corrupt countries in the world.
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we blame the afghans for siphoning off money and acting corrupt and it's a bit of arrogant, soothing that we in the exact same situation, wouldn't see the same thing that you don't just get at p port people everywhere. that's, you know, that was a one time part of our understanding of american exceptionalism. now, american exceptionalism has as fantasy that somehow we have a perfect life. we can export that to everybody just by dictate and not actually the hard work, ah low morale, coupled with the abrupt withdrawal of us supporting like to widespread desertion within the afghan army. with the taliban
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will also quake to use diplomacy and struck deals with afghan military commanders. those were the hardest things about fighting the taliban is you know, they were people's brothers cousins, uncles, distant relatives in people who shared the same background and ethnicity. and when we turned them into the enemy, right, that not the enemy to negotiate with our work with or try to bring in the phone. but the enemy, that must be the size and we defeated, you know, we bought ourselves a really long war when we kind of made that our focus as you as contract as withdrew the afghan army last for logistical support. i had provided an american troops left the afghan air force found itself with no reliable
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mechanism in place to stay avalon on for my on on thought. well, it's elena or the taliban, on the other hand, had the advantage of experience. their advance across the country was both tactical and measured within days more than 80 percent of the country's highways while under their control cutting off the afghan army supply routes. they've built this thing that simply cannot exist without us pouring billions of dollars. and having folks standing behind and supporting them with maintenance and contracting, logistical, and air support and air power. and we've built a complete fantasy of the military for afghanistan. the conundrum was so long as we're there and along were poor and billions, ours. and that it directly under cut in many ways the political legitimacy of the central government and the forces outright because they were seen as both puppets
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and they were seen as wildly corrupt. exactly 20 years. up to 911 the taliban, one full control over afghanistan. currently, the future of the country is unknown. over in america, the after effects of the wall will continue to haunt veterans for years to come. some 7000 you as military service members were killed in battle in iraq and afghanistan. these was, may have come to an end, but their human caused continues even with troops back home in the us. those who survived the war and now battling on another front in more than 30000 war on terra veterans, have taken their own lives around 4 times. as many as died in iraq and afghanistan
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. no, it's a suicide pandemic. that is devastated veteran families and communities. ah, thomas ben suit is contributing also for the costs of wall project. he studied suicide rates among service members and veterans of the post $911.00 was mm. mm the sir said numbers are, are 2nd shift ranges from 60026400 veterans every year died by suicide. that's where you get this. and they would say 17 per day. unfortunately, moral injury feelings of burden some nest to society ah, issues like taking a vice behaviors like drinking drug use, dangerous behaviors. all of these things can contribute to rising suicide rates
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by 2030 veterans suicide will account for more than $221000000000.00 in public costs. 42 percent voting of because i know that we're in war and you come back to that. you sacrifice to live near identity to protect these people. they don't know they did that sacrifice at all. they don't honor that sacrifice crates, you know, since isolation killing nation that year to so it leads that distance. i've been talking about the pandemic and the availability of guns in the u. s. r. father compounding factors, 17 veterans a day dying from suicide. the majority from self inflicted firearm injuries ah ah
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wylie gray, served in the marines as ammunition chief in helmand province for 9 months in 2008 . and the rank of staff sergeant. he survived to deployments in support of america's war on terror and ended with acute post traumatic stress disorder. my own story was one where i felt like i was doing something patriotic until the moment i was in afghanistan. and i realized these people are in a threat to america. intertribal human beings living with basically nothing. why area and i f dennis and i read can someone explain it? i've been asking that for years it's, it's iraq. the answer whereas iraq and it's paid for. and i got to the point where i remember,
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you know, having my grandfather's best. so is there any special back stairs right now? and i just decided i'm going to kill myself. i'm done. i've had this appointment long enough. i've taken enough suffering. and i think i'm done. and man, i remember feeling good after going to the conclusion. i remember the palpable fence of that appointments going to end soon dropped. but while he decided to see count the girl, he flew to peru to live with a tribe in the amazon loss. there. he received individual therapy in combination with a locally prepared brew made with rain forest palms. this helped him to reset his mental defense mechanisms. while he was able to sleep again and gradually come to terms with his trauma. i felt for the
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1st time in my life, a sense of being whole. it was absolutely transformational. and when i was in ceremony, one of the last times i saw 2 people that i know other veterans next to me in ceremony. they weren't really there. but that's when i saw my visions and they were laughing and they were smiling and they were happy. and i knew was because they found something just like i had he turned his trauma into a mission to help others find tools for recovery. wiley founded veterans of war and advocates for using plant medicine to heal trauma but the war on terror has also inflicted deep physical wounds on many veterans.
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an estimated 3500000 veterans have been exposed to toxic substances in post 911 deployment. among them. leroy torres the term, what do you feel coming on pressure my lee roy was deployed at the u. s. and base ballot in iraq when his symptoms started to show air or their help in ballade had the largest from pit and theater in iraq. those approximately 10 acres in diameter and everything that was still in the trash was, was burned down with fuel and burned from plastic bottles styrofoam from the bela hospital. they would burn medical waste body
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parts of the equipment, the name it, everything was being burned. so that there really tickets all leroy torres returned to texas in 2010. at 1st he was diagnosed with constructive bronchitis, a chronic lung disease. then in 2018 he was diagnosed with toxic brain injury my disability, my state medical retirement was denied. never in my wildest dreams or i thought that i be going through this hardship where i was worried about in shot, maybe lose lemar or just id. but never that it was my that would have to deal with something that i would be facing out of is why me is part of the war that followed me home.
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this is the actual picture my lungs. and you can see either the inflammation here and all is right here. i said this is a reversible, it's a condition you have to deal with the resi. jesus is a 44 year old dower resident in berry. there are 85000 veterans who have sought treatment for illnesses possibly tied to burn pitts. this is a fraction of the 3500000 service members believe to have been exposed to toxic substances. around 75 percent of veterans bound, paid claims have been rejected to date. leroy and his wife started the non profit group ban pits 360 to help other veterans suffering from internal war injuries. they built the warriors support santa in texas,
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which offer services to veterans in the area. if we don't have time, people are day and time is the one thing that is tight, so we'll wait past the 20th, more of the one that should have been address. it's, it's sort of criminal to the v a u v that continue stalling the way they have to continue using science against us. i mean, i think the recent action that's happened is only because we've had people like johnny comedian and activists. john stewart joined them to voice his support for legislation to camp for veterans who have suffered toxic exposure afghanistan, war veteran tom puerto is helping them in washington dc. to illustrate how, how diverse these exposures are,
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for example, um in cobbling quote save over a 1000000 people but without a modern sewer system. so you've got airborne feces blows around there and you're breathing, that's what i breathed every day. and then you've got the diesel generators of power. all of our operations are, they're probably half the size of this room. and they're belching black smoke and service members or breathing that every day in may 2021. the burn pants team went to washington. d. c. they demanded the inclusion of 23 respiratory illnesses on the list of conditions, the qualified veterans for v, a benefits. and how can we need a presumption of the various cancers and a respiratory illnesses. and i'm, you know,
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division of disorders and lymphomas that are occurring in the veterans population for all these talk to disclosures defense contractors can't view the u. s. congress as willy walkers chocolate factory. while veterans, the fact they're like oliver with a bowl rule. asking please, sir, may i have some more? the pact act bill was passed by the u. s. senate on august the 2nd 2022, and signed into law by president biden on august the 10th. ah ah, it's a small ray of hope for leroy who's been waiting for nearly a decade to get his injury claims approved and some veterans are
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getting disillusioned. they feel the u. s. government is giving more attention to bringing african refugees into the country. both america's war on terror in afghanistan and iraq came to a close after 20 long years. its major goal was to ensure that americas external enemies lose the ability to plot plan and execute another $911.00. but what about america's domestic security situation? some expert, se spikes and domestic white supremacist activism have regularly followed the closure of major military hostilities or after the withdrawal from vietnam and the 1st gulf war. in the late ninety's white power groups tried to
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recruit active duty soldiers, reservists, and veterans to form militias. the ah, these extremist white groups found political legitimacy with the arrival of donald trump and an election campaign that deeply polarized the country. how do you come up with that decision? donald trump, they say donald trump has off his knee by the malaysian. because all this, he got me by didn't the he's revealing what's already there. this the vision has already been and been there for years in 2020 american society was more politically divided than ever. when donald trump went up against joe fife in the presidential election.
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i should add this crucial on the radio. you can identify yourself it, chris hel, served as a marine from 1994 to 1998 in why he has strong views about immigration and fears. immigrants will take over the united states and by the end of the century by 2099, will have 500000000 people. and the increase of about 200000000 will probably be from illegal immigration and descendants of illegal immigration. stepping off 1st, 2nd squad, got sick with nothing.
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here donald trump stood for america 1st. make america great. again, america 1st and i will tell you is process law processes, but where people should have more money. so that to me is that's my, one of the rally cries that i have in addition to the unsurmountable dead. but i'm worried about my country and it is being am overwhelmed and flooded with welfare and illegal immigration into the tune of over 20 trained dollars and dead. and you, it was just going to collapse centers on, on. wait. some estimates such asked veterans like chris hill now make up at least 25 percent of militia rosters in the united states.
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yes, so back in 2009, when i wrote the now latoya's department, homeland security, right. we extreme as a report, i did have a little section in there that talked about returning veterans and how they could potentially be recruited by these, you know, right, we extremist groups to boost the violin capabilities of these groups and help them train and, and, you know, perfect their skills. ok. so one of the ways that the recruit online is through websites, twitter accounts, they even have online communities that are private, ready, read, read a move and boom. i am why i am prior military. i am christian, i am at sac, eliminate those. yes. and now supposedly on the chair is not a want to risk go to jail and get charged with a bunch of crap and ruining my life. but i'm a mad enough mad as hale, i can't take it anymore. and i'm going to exercise madame raj everywhere in this
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country that i can only shoot across. you move in both in 2021. a video was published online in which chris hill re to write it this message. the website has since been taken down. in the video hill discussed why it was important to overthrow the united states government by violence if necessary. his video was published a few weeks after the january. the 6th, tara attack, and white rioters descended on capitol hill. a joint session of congress had gathered that day to certify the victory of joe biden. in the 2020 u. s. elections, but the trump supporters had other plans. they to update the stop the spiel movement. their aim was to forcibly reinstate donald trump as president of the united states of america. the movement started on facebook in other groups. in fact,
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it started before it hit those platforms, but shortly after election day, shortly after president trump, i'll falsely and prematurely claim that he had won the election, the beliefs that the election was stolen, that democrats reg, the election, install it for president joe body. still it from former president, donald trump with widespread voter fraud. we surprised them. we took them by surprise, and this year they rigged election. they rigged them like they've never rigged it election before. the stop the still movement spread like wildfire on the internet. more and more protest as arrived as word spread that the vote count was underway. writers over part of washington, dc. police. the officers calls for thank up went on hand. and while capitol hill, police struggled alone. the writers supported by serving and former military men,
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broke in to capitol hill. at least 8 points were breached the vast now number capitol hill, security officials managed to escort members of congress down to the bunker. as night fell back up arrived and capitol hill was retained 10 percent of the people arrested for violence. criminal activity at the u. s. capital had either current or former military experience. and so what has the military done a very little it was fine for military members to belong to a militia group, you know, military members that belong to militia groups. such as the 3 per centers that have committed violent acts against a you know, people, police officers plotted bombings and shootings. despite the arrests, chris hill and the 3 percent as in georgia,
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continue their movement. ah, also because of their beliefs about muslims be attacks on the twin time by muslim extremists radically changed the discourse around islam in the u. s. according to the research institute, the new america foundation to in 5 americans believe islam is incompatible with you as values. the distrust and hostility towards muslims has caused a rise in his lam, a phobic attacks across the country. just one percent of americans are muslims, but 14.5 percent of all hate crimes committed in 2018, but motivated by anti islamic sentiment. according to a u. s. government survey. one reason for this hatred against american muslims is the impact the war on terra has had on army veterans. there's been multiple studies about the rise of islam of phobia. coinciding with returning
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veterans coming back from the middle east. you know, when veterans come home, they come back from these wars zones where they've been taught and trained and conditioned to believe that people wearing turbans having long beards. and having these funny sounding names with brown skin are of the threat as part of the costs of war project, thomas ben suit research, the role christianity played in the u. s. military post 911. the military uses christian symbols and sort of ways of talking about um, military service as it would aligns specifically with the sort of christian narrative. the chaplains in the military are overwhelmingly white. over 74 percent there overwhelmingly. even jell colds over 63 percent. and there are wrongly men at like 95 percent
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fat. and so it ends up being this religious culture that is specifically bright leaning. some veterans perceived both the iraq and afghanistan war as a clash of civilizations. a war between christianity and islam. richard mckinney was inspired by the rambo films and joined the marine corps to be involved in the action. he returned from iraq with a hatred from muslims. i developed a deep hatred for his long over over the course of several years. i've been in the military and having to deal with these people in a harsher climate. maybe i guess as for the best way to put a harsher existence, i saw. busy it is my position in life to rid the world of as many muslims as i
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possibly could. and i attend to that was overseas. and after i was medically retired because i was in an accident in iraq, back in the us, richard mckinney decided to make up on his plan was to plant his bomb in the islamic center of muncie. and then to watch the show as he put it from the parking lot. but the day he wanted to execute this plan, a conversation with his daughter changed the course of his life. so my daughter came home, she asked me that i snapped and i saw the look on my daughter's face . and this is somebody who i've had so much love and admiration for the course of her life that i can even begin to describe it. as she looked at me like i was absolutely crazy person she'd ever seen. and it was kind of like,
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she was questioning her offers that at me are. so i figured the best way to do is make sure that was okay, was go meeting richard mckinney decided to visit the very same islamic center of muncie. the emma gave him the koran to read and they would explain it how i could understand it. and i was like, oh, oh, i make sense. you know? so long story short after a weeks. i went from getting ready to bo, this building up to coming back, saying, i want to take your heart. i want to take my declaration of faith. or he on no soul do with a law place, a burden greater than it can bear in the us more than 700 anti muslim incidents had taken place from 2012 to 2018. we had
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a number of arsons that have happened to mosque here in the united states, many of them unsolved. we've had militia groups protesting against what they perceive as in pending sri, a law that's coming into their communities. that there's this like muslim invasion . but there are also veterans fighting against the rise of anti muslim hate. crimes in america has been on me. so sharp is known as the muslim marine part of any $4000.00 and was the american who served in the us army making up just 0.3 percent of the military. hello. i was active duty, so i was in the middle of my marine corps career that time. and when 911
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happened, just like most people who lived that day, i remember what was going on and and unfortunately, like when i pay me a lot, days later will be found out that these hijackers happened to be called for fun. and i think given the firms and others perhaps as well, a very bad reputation. unfortunately, when the $911.00 attacks happened, essentially $900.00 hijackers hijacked the entire phase of $1800000000.00 plus an attack on me. i'm going to talk to my, my family when i'd be back my family, my american family, you know man, so i was born in pakistan and he's a practicing muslim. he has made choices. some have disagreed with me. they're part of the muslim community that they can they,
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they're shocked. this isn't a guy who has served the us are forces. i mean, i do get messages from time to time. you know, you know, your muslim killer and you call yourself in the fall of the stomach. faith actually requires muslims to be loyal to their country of residence. so that means there was never a conflict of interest when it came to a country to what is out there between my faith and me becoming a united states marine, although he was never deployed overseas man. so i still found a conversation was needed inside america. i started mostly marine dot org to counter i hate bigotry and his lamb, a phobia to education, conversation and dialogue. so being a muslim or being an american my 1st right. and what, according to the ground,
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that even if the constitution it's been loyal to the country, i'm living it to be contributing to society in a positive way. so when i do that or that we stand on a position of saying, hey, look, i'm contributing in a positive manner, you share a voice that has impact. you're not just coming from the sides, you're coming from within, in a positive manner, we're part. and so when they see you, when you create these dialogues and you sit and you eat together and you talk about these things openly and you create understanding, new people will be inclined towards goodness. i think faith teaches their mor good people in this world. and i believe that 20 years after 911, the united states is beginning to pick up the pieces from the was an honest on and iraq, as mans or shops believes there are important lessons for america to learn. the united states of america has made some really, really,
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really bad decisions. you know, when it comes to, when it comes to us war and the way it sells it to the american public. you know, we look at iraq. i mean, over a 1000000 innocent and largely innocent iraqis killed what i mean. they were living breathing human beings. just like you and i were, we need to really reexamine ourselves and we need to apologize. we need to make up for our mistakes. ah, ah ah ah
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ah ah india challenging a $1000000000.00 business, wanting to know the story behind are beauty products. who made them? how was it made and the ingredients in making india's cosmetic industry more sustainable margins. that the fact that we will create by just leave me think one for about 30 minutes on d. w. russia and its artist,
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ah ah, this is deed of your news live from berlin. nuclear experts are trying to reach you, cranes is apparitions, power station a you and team plans to survey the safety of the russian occupied plant. it's operator says that has shut down one of its reactors due to ongoing shelling nearby . also coming up.


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