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tv   Global 3000  Deutsche Welle  October 10, 2022 7:03am-7:31am CEST

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mines and logging for brazil's precedent jaya, both scenarios. the rain forests are in exploitable commodity and it's the indigenous people who are suffering the most. some indigenous tarrot trees in the amazon rain forest are legally protected. but such laws, a willfully and systematically ignored even the threat of force has no effects. are reported. vanessa fisher visited the carry poon up people whose fear is palpable. the brazilian state of hon. donya, located in the southern amazon. it's capital his port to value a faceless, concrete city or the dnl cutty pool. nice constantly on god. he says most of his neighbors are suspicious of him because he's fighting for the cause of the indigenous people. he moved here from his village 7 years ago. now at the age of $37.00, he studying low, all in
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a bit to save his people and his homeland as bad as this is asking, imo dominant nozzle. bad is a lot of people in the city saying we're out of place here. now, bay mice always, even though they think we should stay in our villages building, do you same memos indeed and all, but i am no less indigenous just because i live in the city. they shook same gee or because i'm studying both the and one again, knowledge there as a most good lesson. ah. together we head out to the land of the carry to none the journey by car and bo takes nearly 5 hours. it's been many weeks since saturday. anna has been home. he suddenly received a message and immediately contacts his lawyer. but though it pro, on my burial, is it a man appears to have died on california territory and the police are investigating them. he was not a member of the community and no one knew him. it's possible he was involved in
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logging like many who enter the area illegally. adriano carry buena gathers all the information he can as it could support his people's ongoing lawsuit against the state of california and the brazilian government. ah, one of those observing the growing conflict is agile is debit eaten to day. he's an independent environmental advisor for members of parliament. but he previously spent several years heading up the local environmental authority that the debt desires a real disaster has been happening in brazil's environmental policy. it's like a demolition and an orchestrated one at that. also, it's happening at local, state and federal levels and with the involvement of the executive and legislative powers for days, just to give you an idea that they're run donnie of state parliament held a simple vote in the middle of the night, incidentally voting to massively reduced to protected areas that are strategically
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important, the jassy parameter reserve and the gadget medium state park are not allowed to what they didn't seek any expert advice fresh to and there was no public debate also said dodgy, it was just because the 2 areas were reportedly stopping by expansion of grazing land for qatar, i would a possibility or can we start the state highest port route that the decision contravene the constitution. but the forest is still being cleaned, both areas bode on carry buena land, philip. but this is where our territory begins. on the right hand side of the river, i will be in the village and 2 and a half hours. we pass a number of giant, some all my trees. they are known here as the queen of the forest. the territory of the carrot, buena covers, more than a $150000.00 actus a handful of families and a host of dogs. await our arrival. the carry, buena go, hunting,
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conserving to meet with salt and leaving it to dry in the sun. that is jesse baron, i river is a life man for the community. at the end of the rainy season, the swollen river offers welcome respite from the heat. relative humidity is nearly 90 percent. all the children attend a single elementary school class. if they want more schooling, they have to move to the city. right now, it's time for the money of harvest and every $1.00 is involved. the tubers are 1st soaked in water for 4 days and then pressed to eliminate the toxins. munyosak has its sweet, sour smell. each family has its own plot of land and customary simplicity. minute flower is an important source of income. every one he is short of money. the pros has of producing the flower takes many hours.
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roasting it in the heat is an art in itself, but this was no legal, but i was losing brazilians. don't care about the indigenous peoples fight to survive. why go ma'am? so often i hear this incorrect argument that indigenous people own too much land team and what do they need all this land for him with up there. and i always say, has anyone thought about why some major land owner has to have so much land? was the jack? yes, sure man. any one will was in the look. no one gives it a 2nd thought up before the good for sure. nearly 14 percent of brazil's land mass is reserved for indigenous peoples. their right to the land is anchored in the constitution. the carry pony population was almost wiped out during the 1970s due to conflicts over land and due to disease. and that he and his mother
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was one of the few to survive that they did. oh, what a day i take, i don't when i asked a matriarchal figure of the community. its cultural and spiritual anchor at the diana says she gives him strength and courage to carry on the struggle. but of all, what do you think of the repeated invasions of the land about why thought, hey, we know me know, we know we know it. but i think what he battled that in the past they used to lie in wages as you add the dno translate her words from cutty buena for us. they defended their land with the old means available. now things are different. they are laws which the carry pony abide by. she wishes she could say the same for the invaders. the next morning i brianna's brother and an office to show us where the illegal loggers have been at work. every one's
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a little bit apprehensive, they never know what they might encounter. after well, over an hour we reach an opening. at 1st it doesn't look that bad. but in the forest, we find swathes of devastation. during the dry season, the tree trunks are dragged over to the other side of the river. the illegal logging began here just over 6 months ago. when they estimate that around, 2000 trees have been felt so far and the trunks drive the way the woods such as a bad. oh, got a beta fetch is a high price. but many of these species are consider that risk says image. so you're really concerned about the extent of the logging. it is so sad to come to a place like this and see this destruction of their nevada. these 3,
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are you afraid to come here? i asked was that they man douglas sick? will i these days we're all afraid. just to move around on our own territory. he david against softly. i me us. because the invaders often threaten us. it was or to keep that invite gentleness up there. how did they threat? mia? i'm jasa. they issued death threats, then they discover something else new. what do i disgust on that islam? chainsaw chains have been left lying around. so mccall her but she, she got a pony, explains that the loggers replace them as they went down. so it's clear they're now cutting up some of the trunks here. the carry bonuses back that the loggers next step will be to cough up plots of land lab. how can land that legally belongs to the carrot? bruner simply be claimed by others. well 1st, the new comers register the plot of land online. then while the applications are
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being checked, they create facts on the ground. more than 80 such applications have been submitted for this area. what is the mac mall build buffer? it's as though it were completely normal to destroy the forest, how to make way for grazing land or soil plantations. and so it just continues. and no one has called to account. no one seeks to prosecute these crimes against our national heritage long who and for us, that's what the cell is that we're both. but not for these people. they just see the forest as a commodity. we want the forest to stay with them when they report all the violations, chiefly to the full night, the government authority that is supposed to safeguard the rights of brazil's indigenous population. no one at for nie is willing to talk to us. the carry bonus a, the authority turns
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a blind eye to what's happening in the amazon and that i had a poor not take says to another part of the forest. we send up a drone to film the area me in the capital port value. we have an appointment at the federal prosecutors office whose job it is to hold the constitution. the public prosecutor often act as a regulator for issues affecting the environment and human rights. we ask her what tools she has at her disposal to stop this destruction. nothing that's quake, she says lengthy civil cases that drag on for years and otherwise message back to me. now, i think we always tried to keep pace with these crime and unto the criminal structures behind them to call our gun to prosecute them much know well much there are no state measures that are preventive and couple because we started with is
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that frustrating? i ask f push that i yes, it is frustrating. i've raised those interesting hasn't moved with some successes and like with 2 of our operations in 20192020 heavy where we were able to curb illegal activities on indigenous territory over flight. so that the area later showed that the d for a station was with walter st revolt and quantum, to that new cases keep croaking up for as long as there are no public structures to tackle the problem at the root of all we can do is react so had adrienne is also in the city and has arranged to meet a close ally hub, but as a de la without laura, the queen are from the missionary council for indigenous peoples. they might
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already have lost their fight. the council has helped to document all the legal encroachments of recent years with gps, and it's supporting the carrot bonus lawsuit, or powerful cut a foreigner, or with this legal action against the brazilian government, against the food i authority and against the state randasia or the carry puna people are making it clear that there has been enough impunity violence and violation of rights. yes, a jeep on you the message to the judiciary is it's time for you to wake up and take action. yeah, you are all had the fast. so my ogle mccoy, so the carry buena are pinning their hopes on this lawsuit, which may have to go through multiple quotes for them. every thing is at stake. ill say back, this is where i come from. i am part of the forest and all of us here. so watch
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there are billions of buildings on us and counting enormous amounts of rule materials are required to construct them, including $50000000000.00 tons of sand each year. 2021. so the production of 4400000000 tons of cement, sand and cement a key ingredients in the world. the most important building material concrete. amazingly, construction materials are rarely recycled. when a building is demolished, they end up on the scrap heap, which it doesn't have to be like this. these german buildings don't only look bad, but they might also pave the way to a circular future. they're built according to the cradle to will concept. the idea is to replace ela, cradle to grave economy, where we take, make and waste, with a circular one, where the products are designed in a way that its materials can be reused over and over again. normal sophie griffon
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is the founder of the cradle to create a lab. it's an ngo dedicated to spreading circular, regenerative design thinking across industries. politicians and designers welcome to their cradle to cradle out. you can come in here. we start here. if you see like from the lamps that you can see and from a mushroom material totally fall biological cycles. according to the concept normal sophie griffon's, father michel brown got and his colleague william mcdonough created everything we built must go to either what they call the biological cycle or the technical cycle . that means the materials used to build the products need to decompose, thus becoming nutrients for the soil or dismantled to become what they call technical nutrients and re used and other products with. so in
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here, right, you can see a lot of products that are already produced in a cradle to create a manner. this flooring you can see if i move, i can actually take it with me quite cool that you don't need to glue this. it is made out from the packing material, losing as an a credit cray, not the best idea to do because it's quite difficult to disassemble. the lab uses these carpets that are totally made of recycled fibers. and it's not blued. and you can bring it back to the company and they can recycle it and make it totally new. carpet out of dorval's or p 3. font argues that there are a lot of natural alternatives to most of our commonly used toxic products. this material is quite interesting because it's like a material that you cannot just take from the inclusive and you don't need actually to change it a lot. so called dump tune balls are basically dead sea grass that could be
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collected on shores and used as a high quality insulation. material on these examples seem perfect and relatively easy to implement. but we need to change the way we have built our homes and products for the past decades. 50 years ago, we knew that there are negative environmental consequences if we have certain building habits. so in the beginning be had felt that we require new knowledges to be able to build appropriately. but right now we have a different problem. professor arnold palmer condo is an award winning architect, mostly known for her sustainable projects. like these ones. when standardization is being imposed, then the must have the courage to question the limits of standardization. and the construction sector is especially standardized and rigorously conservative. some practices haven't changed in centuries. take concrete,
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for example. it's the 2nd most used material in the world, only after water. if it was a country, it would have been the world's 3rd largest carbon polluter. after china and the u. s. last year, we produced 4400000000 metric tons of concrete. according to the u. n's projections at this rate, we would be producing enough concrete to build the entire city of paris every week for the next 40 years old. that is a lot of concrete. and for several reasons, this material is not widely recycled. a big one is standardized, bad practices says marcel oser, a circular engineer focused on cradle to greater applications in the construction sector. if you use a jackson plaster, all concrete uncomfortable is why looks good, so it will fit the purpose. i will use the quality of the concrete by not being
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able to use it later. so, gypsum plaster makes the concrete on recyclable, but a similar looking silicon based plaster doesn't affect the reusability of the concrete. or let's look at steel, a universally used material in construction that could have an infinite life cycle . just the simple decision to use bolted connections rather than welded joints will allow the structure to be dismantled, making it easier to reuse the materials. it's all about designing smarter. while these individual solutions are amazingly easy to implement, unfortunately, they alone will not be enough to make the construction sector, environmentally friendly says, nor was so fee grief on though we need the market. we need the politicians and we need this as haiti to go for this idea. and i think we are already in a state where our society sees that we need to do something different. so crated to
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cradle can show the solution. this how this is actually possible. cradle to cradle is not a miraculous idea. it's just the guide for us to think and building cycles just like nature does lou resign king agricultural waste? what could be more natural than that? it may even offer an alternative to plastic. it's called scientists excited products like paper made from leaves and cups made from coffee grounds are all ready for sale in switzerland. there's even an idea that could appeal to be a lover's. these prototypes may look rather modest and nondescript, but it's what they're made of. that's the big deal. they come from the waste products from 2 breweries in those on and there's more than enough of these leftovers to go around, says designer, no way me, nita hausa. o fits it,
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as you do. so put your cake, even the small breeze produced a lot of multi regimen and the disposal of which they also have to pay full share any day i may have. so the idea is to use this ways. it is, i'm putting back into a circular economy or any cleanings of class. a binding agent is added to the residue left in the tank after the beer is 1st brood. once pressed, the material resembles plywood. its color depends on the brewing process, used me cellphone that you. why don't yes, it looks like whittington realty, that was part of my goal for chris to make something that's reminiscent of material folks are familiar with leisure even though it's a recycled product. but unlike would the material can be pressed into pretty much any shape in june. no, amy, nita, how's that presented? her waste matter project at milan design week in the house of switzerland. she was
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one of 9 guests invited by the swift arts council pro helvetia as different as their products are. they all share the same approach as the exhibitions organizer marie may only through design and with the emerging talents we have here. the old bringing and new ideas and in order to have a better and more sustainable projects in products for the near future. the material made from beer residue is still a nice product. but it still has a bright future. mike, fall of the projects on display here they are very pragmatic, unrealistic projects. that's also a parts of our criteria actually when selecting them when the jury selected them, basically it is also that they have to be market ready. so there is a reality in which those projects are set. those times numerous breweries could
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provide more than enough raw material for local production. knowing the need to house us as when scouting for business partners, she shows them what her waist matter can do after moscow's present, said i'm what i'm presenting are the initial prototype bit booklet. i'm showing off in the war material can put on the shapes that it can be made in 2 areas. hill, i'm at your primary contact dell package. it's meant to spark people's imagination as a young. now that the development of the materialist completed the prototypes here are really the 1st stage. he said how more implemented them. larger pieces of furniture, like tables and chairs could be next. all made from the left overs of beer brewing . oh cool. this week we try a tasty st snack from by. ah. in india you can find delicious food on every street corner for just
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a few rupees. here and when by bob lew joyce while is serving penny puri, his whole family helps to prepare the deep fried dough balls early in the morning for him to sell in the afternoon. no matter matter. i've been, i've been making this snack for 13 years. but i've been on good days, he sells up to 4000 pieces upon it with the ingredients in my pony puri or a blend of onions, potatoes, clean chutney and spices. i use this mixture to make the fried dough balls and serve them with flavoured water cold. but when no money curry literally translated means water in fried bread,
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which is where it gets its name. one portion costs 30 rupees, about coffee euro. ah, it said that women in particular like the dish because of its sweet and sour aroma, and because the spices tingle so nicely on the tongue, ah, why? anybody thank everybody again. whenever there's a pony pool re stool, there's always a lot of indian women around them. or, i mean, i always eat it outside on the street. oh, good. i love it for it's delicious water and the filling. it's a healthy and philosophy ready, bailey says, in fayette county bori as well known across india, but under slightly different names and that's all from us. sick label 3000 this week. thanks for joining us. let us know what you thought of the program. drop us a line at global 3000 at d, w dot com and visit us on facebook 2
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d w global ideas. see you next time, take care. oh, ah. with their always with us. everywhere we go. our smartphone. but for how much longer technology experts say that aero mindy over
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