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tv   Global 3000  Deutsche Welle  October 31, 2022 12:30pm-1:01pm CET

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oh, come to take, told me about hackers, realism, turner, societies, computers that, oh sure you and governments that go crazy for your data. we explain how these technologies work, how they can go some for good, but how they can also go terribly watch it, no need to ah ah, ah ah, welcome to global 3000 eco friendly businesses. crowd funding gets green ideas off the grounds in gonna pull up all the floods of
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plastic threatening the galapagos islands and unrelenting sands. how can we save the earth rem? does that if acacia glue every year across the globe, some 70000 square kilometers of land turn into desert? that's roughly the size of ireland. deserts already make up almost a 3rd of the us total land area, a consequence of climate change and aggressive agriculture. among other things, there is less and less living space for increasing numbers of people. many have no choice but to flee, but they're all solutions. this is the fastest growing desert on the planet. the gobi, which means waterless place and mongolian stretches across mongolia and china. it devours about 6000 square kilometers of grass and per year,
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engulfing villages and turning landscapes into uninhabitable wasteland. tens of thousands of people have become environmental, migrants forced to resettle elsewhere, only a couple of 1000 people are left. the reason why goby and other deserts are expanding is partly due to changing climate cycles affecting the rainfall. but human driven, global warming is also fueling this process some 3000 kilometers from the gobi in the deserts of kazakhstan and his bancwest on the r l. c is drying up mainly because of industrial farming. this but also extreme droughts, deforestation, and over grazing have severely degraded once fertile soils, turning them into sand and dust. this man made destruction is called desertification, and it's happening on a global scale. by mid century 25 percent of the world soils will be affected. they don't have a solid base upon which people's livelihoods and they can depend on lamb.
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everything else becomes for garrett. this is doctor barron, joseph, or lead scientist for the united nations convention to combat desertification. his job is to find solutions to help the half a 1000000000 people was livelihoods are already hard hit by desertification and the other half. a 1000000000 who are at risk. mostly in southeast asia, the middle east. there's a horror region at north africa. the good news, the situation is not hopeless. let's take a look at saudi arabia. an initiative called the albania project has developed a system for regenerating the land using flash floods. these videos shared on social media in 2021, show what rainfall in saudi arabia can look like. but most of the valuable fresh water in the region runs off, or evaporates. he said, okay,
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well if we can catch flash floods and get that water in the ground, then that becomes a sustainable source of water. even if it's only happening, you know, every 18 months or every 20 months or whatever. this is neil spackman specialists in regenerative agriculture and former director of the albino have project. together with the local community. neil spackman and other agricultural specialists have been building dams, terraces and kilometers of ditches. the idea is to channel the flood waters to where they're needed and retain them there. they can be re absorbed. these are methods that the length of the income used hundreds of years ago. so it's slowing down the water 1st, where those humans gilroy works. physically that allows for biology to get established and then you're slowing down the water. ecological at 1st artificial irrigation was needed to promote plant growth and get the ecological cycle started
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again. but then by harvesting flash floods significantly, more water could be put in the ground than taken out. native trees, bushes and grasses even survived a 30 month drought without additional irrigation. we had bergs come back, we had small mammals from back. it was quite amazing to witness actually to, to see life coming back to this place. the project has been up and running since 2010. it is approved that it's possible to restore the water table in the desert. the next challenge is to increase agricultural output to make people in the area of self sufficient. again, even the sahara was green for a brief period. thousands of years ago, monsoon rains made the desert a habitable place. ready to day the sahara is rocking and sandy and in some areas it is expanding by almost 48 kilometers per year. man made activities and the surrounding dry lands. mean it's the globe's most threatened place in terms of
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desertification. that process is fueling land conflicts in a region that's already poverty stricken solar and wind farms could potentially put an end to this, not only by creating energy, but by making it rain. scientists have developed a climate model showing that if one 5th of the entire sahara were covered with solar and wind farms, there would be 5 centimeters more rainfall in the sa hill region. that might not sound like much, but it would increase vegetation covered by almost 20 percent. how does it work? well, the black surface of the solar panels heat up the air making it rise to higher altitudes . the wind turbines rotation has a similar effect. so he goes up and then is upward, it carries the moisture with it. so and the upward motion wanted reaches the higher altitude. it will cool. it was higher altitudes or call it more pressure. so it's colder. and the moisture condenses becomes rate and falls down.
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this is doctor soft motif he's a physicist researching how to prevent environmental, economic, and social catastrophes. theoretically, at least the model would boost plant growth on a huge scale running from east to west africa across the south region. we believe that this will og, this will significantly improve rain with agriculture ad will significantly improve offload production in the, in the region. the additional litigation will you, us all include lens, all ecosystems name in the area. so it's a win win situation, ordered environment for the economy. and for the the gigantic energy park would create more than 4 times the energy currently consumed globally. each year the scientists believe it could be used to contribute to clean
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development in many different ways in africa. but all, and all the logistics and politics of transporting the energy and the estimated cost of some $20.00 trillion dollars make the projects seem rather unfeasible. so reversing, desertification is possible. we can restore soils, water cycles and vegetation to protect the livelihoods of millions of people with natural or high tech methods. but what is also clear, the cost of the efforts involved in the process means that we will never be able to turn all the world's desert of hide land into fertile soil. to stop desert expansion, scientists know what needs to be done. current global warming, the over exploitation of soil and deforestation that will keep the planets landmass healthy and able to maintain human kind and itself
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some 1000 kilometers off the coast of ecuador is one of planet earth's great marvels. the galapagos islands, there are animals, some clamps on the archipelago that live nowhere else. isolated from the rest of the world, new species evolve tia of a millions of years naturalists charles darwin was the 1st to recognize this. in the mid 19th century, his visit there inspired his theory of evolution. it explains how species evolve and change by adapting to new habitats. take dull wins pinches the birds of adapted perfectly to their food supply. the finches with thick bells eat seeds while long build finches prefer insects. but despite many protective measures, this world heritage site is under threat from shipping fishing, tourism, and ever great to piles of plastic.
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ah, these creatures habitat is unspoiled later one of the richest marine ecosystems in the world. some of them migrate here. others are endemic to the galapagos islands. scientists flunked to get up early diona up as menu and her team are researching baby raise and shocks on that is best done at dawn when the europe rickanicker, when he was a kid, my dad took me snorkeling in a place whether i was shocks. i was petrified of it, but i thought they devoured me and time my fear changed to curiosity. the means for convert. do we need to further the ram? what's happening to their populations? why are they dwindling? what grandma menace? gumps?
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it's a great day here of sun, christabel island, the team of marine biologists approaches a small pristine way than emma's gay said. we need to be very careful since we could scare the sharks and they bought them off a little. we only get one goes. so we need to do it right, nobody in they carefully cast a net effectively closing off the bay. and there they are. sharks and res, ocean predators that are now themselves under threat. captain manuel? yep. as pulls a small shock out of the water with his bare hands. with the formal diana postman, your wants to know which shocks or raised by their young. here to find out, she takes a sample. maybe once they figured out which sharks deliver their pups and where they then move on to conservation
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areas can be established. new sienna will let me throw malcolm lincoln. i love being able to research these wonderful creatures in whitby. what i like boundaries is that we're able to collect important information that way we can make specific constructive recommendations to the authorities. mazel dealers, manuel, read, or scientists still have a lot to learn about marine creatures. but diana pers meano's 1st priority is species protection. to many c creatures, collide with boats and get injured. the marine biologist spots a hammerhead sharp. it is like all sharks often hunted for its fins or ends up as by cat. that's why they're slowly dying out in abilene. i live faster than what am to import chunks, take a long time to reach maturity and once they do, they have few parties. it's extremely important to protect them in their 1st years of life until they can reproduce. i said on
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these days, money where your peers helps protect the shocks. but in the past, like many of the fishermen here, he killed them for their sins supplying the asian market. i if, if i thought we all make mistakes, but i had an epiphany or do i now have a great appreciation for the fact that a shark is worth much more alive than dead? give mud. not them either for the since the creation of the 2nd largest protected marine corridor in the world, extending from the galapagos islands to costa rica, the odds of ocean species surviving have increased dramatically. going and dana pasadena was part of the research team that made it possible that your, my synthroid, that i'm, i'm very happy is i order with the ne, protected area. we're able to guarantee that these creatures can travel safely along that migrate to reroute sort of madness. read or say water. fishing is prohibited within the protected area. manuel. yep. his is grateful for the insights
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that science gives him. big trawlers ply the waters a few kilometers beyond the protected area. scooping up tons of fish often illegally with him. a lot of fishers still think they have to fish as much as they can and sell as much as possible. they look like, well he now wants to pioneer more sustainable fishing practices here. the galapagos onions themselves have been a protected area for decades. a total of only $30000.00 people live on the volcanic islands. and for the more than $200000.00 tourists per year who visit the following roll applies. you can look at the local wildlife but not touch and plastic is outlawed. but plastic trash recognizes no borders, nor protected areas. juan pablo munoz and daniella and i can find it even in the world's most pristine base. is to stay lowered. oh,
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this is from lima peru. don. done it. that's asian with the years us yet. because forget water bottles from asia doing in the galapagos levels. where does the trash come from? do animals ingest it? how does it endanger their health? scientists want to figure that out. how much trash collects hair. scientists are able to gather up large plastics. but they say that's only the visible trash. most of it is in the ocean. the people with his own for me about of turtles and fish nibble on it. it took the toys. there might marks by demarco, galen love, but it is impossible to collect all of the plastic because as it weathers, it breaks down into smaller and smaller pieces. those is isabelle. you see this
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plastic down here is that is the future. go look at it as a primarily from single yes, plastic. this is telling the idea that plastic disappears in 1002000 or a 1000000 years said is a lie, millennial whom young daniels, plastic last forever moon. plastic was by the assembly. there work. he says shows that the plastic in the galapagos islands comes from fishing boats that simply dump the trash into the sea. the fishing industry poses many threats over fishing, endangering marine life trash. they need to be tighter controls will control less until a hurricane against those radical how do you prevent trash dumping in is if you can even control illegal fishing english, sonus can know their own biscuit, humphreville munoz, and daniella and have con still don't know exactly what plastic does to marine life, but it's alarming enough that it's been found in the stomachs of marine species.
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i'm a wolf without plastic is unrealistic, but it's vital that it's used responsibly. garage smith, this is just awful me minutes looking at it breaks my heart for no intensive reset his underway in the galapagos islands because there's not much time left to protect their membrane wildlife, and indeed ecosystems across the whole planet. this week and global ideas. we look at innovative efforts to slow climate change in the west african country of ghana. there are plenty of creative ideas for developing a sustainable economy. but there is often a lack of capital to implement them. one platform is trying to sell flats through providing access to crowd funding from small and large investors. sylvester i. e. c is excited to be out on the road visiting companies. he works for
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the crowd funding platform, frankly green. today's trip takes him some way out of gone as capital accra, accompany, seeking to produce eco friendly toilet paper, is hoping to find investors via, frankly green. the last time i was there, they had only constructed the foundation. as soon as frankly, green's funds, the funds that would be raised through their frankly green platform would be used to them all means that waking up at all, what it means is that the fuck tree has to be at the stage where it is ready to produce so my expectation is to see the fuck tree up and running and hopefully observe a test drive. but when he arrives, the factory is still under construction slide. i mean, i didn't,
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you know, while he's the know how, how was your trip octagon? a very fine. i was so much to tell you we've been having a lot of challenges. okay. in the past few days you had to be finish long time ago, but new to the weather generation failing us. what work is getting sick? so like so many things i can't even explain on the fall isn't already with them. i the on the whole bonnet, bomb moved it. don't worry about the amount of obama, the mom was not a problem at all. yeah. even pushing as like when we started to okay. it's not just the farmers who have to wait only when everything is finished, move frankly green, decide whether good rule can use its platform to crowd fund investment the law firm, or if all goes well, good role hopes to employ 200 people as well as many regional farmers who will produce the bamboo for the toilet paper. and you see that kind of look, believe nothing. i feel as it is. so what you see right here in the buell color. this is not believe us. we're now gonna has over 400000 acres of bumble. and we
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can't use all of that obviously. so we've been handing overseas links to the pharmacy or grades to grow more bombings. we're gonna reach, you can either end of the day by, from the pharmacy. a use for the production of other people using bamboo, which grows extremely quickly, will help protect gone as woodlands from deforestation. whenever you blood bumble from the start. it is 3 years to grow. after one year after the 1st i'm after you've got the bumble. you've got enough the only got it goes back in one year dark . so that's a very speedy thought because at 3 things about that he is for it to grow using a renewable raw material is only part of good roles. plans on waste water will later be treated in the company's own waste water treatment plant and partly reused measures like this are a prerequisite to receive financing via frankly green. the platform was developed
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by tobias pon, ofen also scott commercials is sustainability and climate protection are the central focus at frankly, green c o o, they're the starting point of our platform on one's young. i look, we're all projects need to have a positive impact on the environmental rules. i also did a project that doesn't ordered us won't be financed kind of unclear to finance. yet the platform is only a few months old. currently only one firm is listed for investment, but frankly green aims to grow, both within gonna and beyond. and there is no shortage of sustainable projects being launched. i'm pleased that they are, am companies that are producing sustainably. and lately, there are companies that have knocked on the door, so frankly, green dots are into sustainable production. and that is really, really a good,
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a good thing. there's also a great need for alternative financing for green projects. i was in the, in what we see that in our target countries, including gonna there's a huge financing gap for essay meas, supply for micro companies. and of course, specifically for green businesses known, i am grouped on banks and also private investors have difficulties in evaluating the companies individually ahmed you. and it's exactly this financing gap that we're trying to move into. ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, mid 4 to stalsen in. gone, us capital opera. one company has already successfully raised financing through frankly, green trans light solar it leases solar panels to companies and private households that otherwise could not afford them. solar energy right under rooftop is for, for, you know, saves a lot of the cost. and,
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and is able to solve the energy crisis in africa and also help us to transmission or transition into a green economy or group energy use. and that is the main reason why we're started the, the a. so the company was started translate the international climate initiative funded the development of frankly, green. the hurdles for other potential investors are low with private individuals. also welcome does come. no, it was. they could be a 100 euros, or many times that anything is possible in theory, up to 25000 euros from swanny doll. but by an good we're all hopes to soon be the next company to successfully secure investment via frankly, green's come into play for you. why the color blue? i am a global
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t. oh, this lee called global teen is from mozambique. ah, no, no. my name is sierra a wife i live in mozambique in the coastal city of feta. ah, yeah my yeah my, my mother is a teacher. she works at the, to ponder j a school, and my father is a sales consult i a bit on what he works in sequel to that by them as he gaudy ah, iraqi for that i like to go to school because i enjoy learning and i have a lot of friends and so it's fun and i'm with
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them. believe it was in my free time. i enjoy reading laird course with the lead course, the dice. i also like to dance with my mother. i enjoy learning. i like studying english and didn't live. i also like to eat. yeah. eagle near down me ah, no foot board oce bare to saddle my in the voucher, i like to be an engineer that i buy loud so they have a good job and unwell so that i can help support my threats. if why did i should ambush by a boy that everything makes you happy? yeah, i'm a very happy person and very easy to be as only as corporate boys are. small things make me happy, sasha. this afternoon. i
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get mail, yard ocean nowadays technology as best that it was box that and see if i see them will not, it makes a lot of things easier such as communication point. it's very easy to communicate by phone. even long distance dies. yeah. ah, and that's all from us at global 3000 this week. thanks for joining us. send us your feedback to global 3000 at d, w dot com and find us on facebook to d w global ideas. see you next time. ah, with
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who? ico india. 0 waste a utopian goal for the film industry, on average, we've seen assured base about it. and how did the kid north everything a bad movie, say activists from bollywood? until rewriting this credit,
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major prompts waste separation bins and sustainable materials. 0 waste, a future box office, hit eco, india. 30 minutes on a w. o. ah. is the end of the pandemic in sight? we show what it could look like. a return to normal. and we visit those who are finding it difficult. he sees his successes or in a weekly coven, 19 special every thursday con d w. o. sometimes a seed is all you need to allow big ideas to grow. we're bringing environmental
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conservation to life with learning facts, like global ideas. we will show you how climate change and environmental conservation is taking shape around the world and how we can all make a difference. knowledge grows through sharing, download it now for free. again, they get all the harvesters or immigrants. dolock is like everything you enjoy, eating at home with your family, was harvested by people who are being exploited. it's done decently, and we're going to need to, uh huh. we keep doing what we're doing. and that's why a green revolution is absolutely necessary. europe revealed the future is being determined now our documentary theory will show you how people do companies and countries are rethinking everything and making make changes
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because europe revealed starts november 3rd on d w. we're ah, missus dw news live from berlin lula as silva wins brazil's presidential election. oh, his support has been a brace while the nip to school and the president for an end to the nations political divisions, his rival incumbent president.


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