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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  November 8, 2022 2:00pm-2:30pm CET

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ah, ah ah ah ah, this is dw news live from berlin high stakes in the u. s. as polls open for midterm elections, president joe biden says a win for the republicans would threaten democracy, former president, donald trump. hence he's preparing a comeback. also coming up,
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hit his day 3 of the climate change summit in egypt and calls a growing louder for fossil fuel companies to pay for the damage that they have caused to the planet. and all they alive or are they dead searching for missing loved ones in ukraine. how dna tests are often the only way of establishing the truth ah hello, i'm on your campus, mckinnon. welcome to the program. polls have opened in a crucial midterm elections in the u. s, the vote will determine if democrats lose control of congress and with their ability to push ahead with president jo biden's, gender for the next 2 years. republican seems set to do well on the bows after focusing on the economy in the campaign. but more than half of republican candidates say, they believe, be unfounded,
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claim that donald trump won the 2020 election. and this is raising fears among democrats, that the very future of democracy could be at stake in this election. now we'll get more from one of our correspondence in washington in just a moment. but 1st we're going to hear from d. dudley's, william crick, glue. croft the mid term elections are called that because they take place in the middle of the president's 4 year term. so joe biden was elected in 2020. which means the midterms are now 2022. they're always an important indicator of how voters feel about the party in power and how they feel about how the united states is doing. who wins the midterms can make or break the rest of a president's time in office. and joe biden is poised to lose his democratic majority, at least in the house of representatives, if not the senate to and here's why all 435 seats in the house are up for reelection. majority is anything over 218 in the senate door,
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a 100 seats. democrats have the bare minimum of a majority there this year. only 35 of those seats are being contested. and not every race has the same impact on the balance of power. that's because the u. s. is so politically divided. republicans and democrats have a lock on most of the seats. now of course, election day will probably bring surprises and upsets. but analysts think that only 35 of the 435 house seats. and just about 5 of those 35 senate races are what we call toss ups, where the outcome is really unclear. now, democrats have their work cut out for them if they want to hang on to power. why? well, let's look at history. the party that controls the white house and as the democrats right now, almost always lose seats in the mid terms. that's been a stronger trend in the house, as you can see here, over the decades than the senate. but both sides of congress tend to get
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a show lacking, which is what president barack obama described, the massive losses he suffered in the 2010 mid terms. and of course there are a lot of factors that determine the outcome of the midterms. there of course, major events and policies of the party and power, but also voter turnout, which side can get more of their people to the polls and structural advantages this year. republicans in the house just have a better chance of flipping seats and has fewer of their own to defend the situation. the senate is a bit more of a fair fight, but still a challenge for democrats and then the unknowns. how will newly redrawn voting maps for how seats impact the parties chances? what about new voting regulations in some places, due to baseless claims, a voter fraud? and of course, donald trump, he isn't on the ballot, but several of his preferred candidates are and how they, and republicans more broadly perform, could signal things to come for 2024, an american democracy beyond all right,
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straits to washington dc. now where we can speak to our correspondent, stephan simons, stephan. it's a big election day to day. the polls have opened, but people have actually been sending in their votes for a couple of weeks already. haven't they? can you tell us how this could potentially affect the outcome? yeah, hi. they have indeed in record numbers actually. and how could this impact the results and when we get results, that is the really, really interesting question here. and why is that? because florida, for example, they are already processing or the right term for this is canvassing, sent in votes, mail in votes, but states like pensylvania and wisconsin, the state lost their for bit this to happen before election. meaning they start canvassing processing those now mailing valid just today they started about an hour ago to do this, and there are hundreds and thousands of this. what that means is that results from
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florida, we will, may have 2 night later today, or early tomorrow morning, pensylvania wisconsin and a few other states where they just start to count those votes. um, well that today days until we have really an accurate picture of who won what race for when authorial race as governor or senate or congress. all right, so it might take a couple of days. let's take a look at the both the houses of congress, which are currently controlled by the democrats, that republicans really only need a few extra seats to take control. don't they say, tell us how easy it will be for them to do that? one of the house is pretty much it done deal. they need to pick up 5 seats to really are kicked the democrats out of the majority in the house of representatives . that should be absolutely possible for the republicans. they are absolutely hopeful and positive and excited about that perspective. of course. senate
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a little bit of a different thing. now it is just taking $11.00 seat in the senate for the republicans to negate the majority, the democrats right now, half. and that's only because of the deciding vote off vice president kamala harris . but it is really not that easy for republicans. it is, it is considered that easy to really topple this or move are majority in the senate house. yes, everybody expects a significant loss for the democrats in the senate. maybe maybe, and the democrats are very hopeful they can hold on for the senate wise is important because real loss will be decided before they go to the president for the, for his signature and to become lost. they have to go to the senate. it's not that the house of representatives can make a decision, create a law, and then it goes to the center. then there roberson is. if you have the majority in
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one in the house but not in the senate, it's getting really difficult. all right, stephan simons in washington. d. c. thanks so much for that. and the world is watching the u. s. mid terms as the outcome could of course change u. s. foreign policy. while issues like the economy has been dominating the campaign. the war and ukraine is also costing us consumers in many ways, and some are now questioning how much longer the u. s. should support ukraine fight against russia. russia's war against ukraine is one. the u. s. has not been able to look away from americans have already sent more than $60000000000.00 worth of assistance into this was a democrat president joe biden has promised to continue to do all it takes to defend ukraine sovereignty as americans head to the polls. and these midterm elections, us congress,
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is expected to touch more republican. and the big question everybody is asking is, what impacts that will have on us assistance to ukraine and other allies? well, the answer depends on who you are. there will be enough support no matter who controls which house and given president biden still in the white house. so i, i am quite confident that very, very strong support will continue for ukraine. yet one prominent republican stuff is sending a very different signal ahead of the elections. kevin mccarthy is the top republican in the house of representatives. he says he believes americans would no longer be willing to write a blank check to ukraine in the face of a biting recession back home. after all, the soaring prices of gas, food, and housing top, the list of worries for ordinary americans. democrats see that
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a republican majority in congress could soon make ukraine a domestic bargaining chip. but poll, so more than 2 thirds of americans back us assistance to ukraine, even if there is a republican majority in the house and or the senate. i think perhaps the experience of working together are so closely and so confidentially and with so much trust on sanctions might perhaps help diffuse and send her over trade protectionism in general. or over the larger question of how to deal with malignant chinese behavior in the trade and technology route. i'm going to say i'm cautiously optimistic on that. warnings that china may try to invade taiwan rather sooner than later could become the next test for the west. and for americans willingness to pay
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a price for global leadership it's to ukraine now. and as the war continues, many people are looking for missing loved ones, many of that. but in some cases, no bodies have yet been found leading relatives to hope that they may have survived . often the only way of finding out the truth is a d n a test, d w, mature spelling a report now from is u. m. a town recently retaken from russian forces, how they wait to see the investigators bringing dna and testimony who'd mealer was china and her relative just have questions about herself . he was serving in the ukraine territorial defense force when the russians came to assume she lost contact. but didn't dare to ask too much. every one knew the russians were looking for families of ukrainian soldiers yet, but
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a whole as the youngest of well, i hid i was afraid that someone my tip them off. yet we had a lot of my son's military stuff at home. what i was very scared of eligible yelling. now the russians are gone, the world can see what the fighting did to resume at the beginning of the war. and details are emerging from the 6 month of occupation. these include a mass grave. on the outskirts of town. there investigators found the bodies of civilians as well as ukrainian soldiers, some with their hands tied behind their backs. more than $400.00 bodies were found here. it's the biggest mass grave detected the more by a dna sampling unit. for many, the cheeks swap of has the only hope for clarity. many of the bodies in the mass graves were in such bad condition that immediate identification wasn't possible
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from all the other to day. genuine idea even of her will give a sample. she fled with a child just before the russians arrived, leaving her father in hospital like late as she heard the hospital was, shell is actually good. i found a doctor from is you who had fled the town. he told me that my father died in the attack little and it had not been possible to save him. he died there and was left behind below. now she's looking for his body. you'd meal, if he is, she's doing this, say. her son said to have died in an arid soldiers from his unit, all can offer her little hope mozilla, pre ethical. unfortunately, if you consider where he was when the bomb head, there's no chance he could aspire to be a bumble. was at the emotions in the mouth. but they never found his body. and so don't know for certain what happened. the soldiers are here to testify. what you
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will notice that you'd mila has already given investigators a d n a sample, but hasn't heard anything. her relative tries to find out more, but there is no news to day. we're still on the mine, as long as there's nobody, i still have help. here chris, oh no, not much. oh, those the soldiers promised the women that they stay in touch issue. that's all anyone can do t w isn't it commonly is in you trans capital keys? i asked him earlier about the bas craves discovered in ukraine so far. and how, presumably, only a fraction of the dead missing have yet to be identified. that's definitely the case and there are no really kind of conclusive numbers on how many people are still on accounted for them. all the databases are pretty different to one of
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there's no real understanding of where the true figures lie and the expectation is that the numbers the confirm numbers will still rise as land mines are basically dealt with. that's the big issue. lots of forest areas, lots of kind of places are that people took to trying to flee from the fighting, trying to get to ukraine health surgery. they are still out of bounds and too dangerous to check. so there's, here, when you talk to people in these villages who going back to their houses for the 1st time after the, at the end of the russian occupation, there's just no huge uncertainty about these numbers as for the military casualties . the ukraine officials are keeping very tight wraps on those figures. they're not publishing and it figures butts. independent observers are normally the opinions that the ukrainian army is doing a bit more to try and preserve lives and to kind of fight in a slightly more kind of hijacked way than the russians of forces where we have seen huge losses in recent weeks. and russian generals seeming just forcing newly conscripted often under training under equipped troops at basically the ukraine lines at the machine guns and lots and lots of death. stone,
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very shorts be specified on that was d. w. 's, nick connelly reporting from keith. now small island nation, suffering the brunt of climate change, say big oil should pay for mounting damage from ocean storms and sea level rise. the comments made by the prime minister of antique girl and a 3 of the climate change summit in egypt, developing nations are also demanding rich countries pay more money to help them adapt situation is serious. you and secretary general antonio guiterres made that clear. oh glen, at these foster, broaching peeping warns that will make climate scales you reversible. we are on the highway to climate tell without foot still on the accelerator. guiterres is referring to the u. n. world mature a logical organizations report that the last 8 years have been the warmest on
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record. flash flooding in pakistan in september devastated an area the size of britain. the floods killed more than 1500 people and left millions homeless. at the other end of the spectrum, extreme drought dried up, entire rivers in italy, and in so malia the worst dry spell and 40 years left 1000000 suffering. countries that contribute the least to the climate crisis are the ones suffering the most from its consequences. so the summit is appealing for solidarity. i don't believe it is justice to the young generation when our re risen legs upward knitted. i don't see justice when big bullet is an untouchable. is he justice for the wall? lead is to choose brush reeds over lives. if nothing changes, the temperature of the earth's atmosphere could rise by $2.00 to $2.00 degrees celsius compared to pre industrial times,
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scientists say the paris climate courts aim of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees is currently unattainable. they predict this will result in more and more frequent, extreme weather events to help climate vulnerable countries deal with the damages german chancellor. all of shoulds said his country will provide financial assistance, will also support those countries hit hardest by climate change in a targeted way. in dealing with loss and damage for business. okay. the theme of is it for this shield and climate risk funding. germany makes available. 170000000 euros. as world leaders seek compromises over the next 2 weeks in a junction city of sharma, share. many are skeptical that the promises made in this room will actually be delivered at the you and find that conference. germany's chance level of shall its promise that germany will phase out cat, a gas, coal and oil without any excell bots. and that it would meet its climate targets.
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his d. w correspondent, lena has a, his traveling with the chancellor about germany's role at this summit. the german chancellor is commended by other leaders for keeping the issue of climate protection firmly on the international agenda also in his position as the current head of the g 7. and it's also being seen positively here at the climate summit in egypt that will have shelters brought with him in the suitcase a couple of concrete measures and initiatives and more money. for example, the global shield initiative and on bureaucratic way to help countries affected by natural disaster events in an, an bureaucratic way. also, germany has announced that it will increase it some it's annual, some of investment into international climate efforts to 6000000000 euros by the year 2025. but and there is a big but germany also has a lot of convincing to do. it isn't doing its homeworks at home,
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quite as yet. it has been criticized the german government by its own council of experts who say that germany's efforts at home are not enough. all our shows argues that because of russia's actions, germany is having to invest in fossil fuels longer than it wants to. but of course, this is something where he's being, i'd very, very skeptically, by the international community. germany's credibility as a global leader in the fight against climate change is at stake here. so it is a tightrope walk for the german chancellor, the climate summit in egypt. and that was dean w. nina, has it in egypt now like many countries around? well, south africa is struggling with the impacts of the changing climate. it suffered a series of severe droughts in the past years. farmers are now trying to adapt to the new weather patterns as d w as oddly unclean found out when he visited a farm in the western cape feather. mouton thought the morning in his nursery with a tiresome but important job spreading fraud between the apple trees. he is growing
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a cost effective soil cover to save water and keep the soil moist. but mostly uh, we open up a lot or 2 sites. the say water, we must look for the, for better measurements to move to safe water and a decently to an area of concern yet. so i don't think people realize toe important water use. the farmer is conserving water where ever he can, he is also invested in a drip water irrigation system. now instead of spraying huge amounts of water, he can irrigate more efficiently based on the plants needs. but mutants business still needs a lot of water. he plans thousands of trees every year, mainly apples and peers. then he sells them to commercial farmers, despite all his efforts and the farms damn, that collects water from a mountain stream currently being full. he is concerns. so far this year there has been much less rain than last. he still remembers the massive drought between
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20152018 that destroyed crops and killed animals. most dams in the region, red dry, longer, unequal. there has been researching droughts in southern africa for 10 years, where the patterns have become less predictable. she says, and it has been raining less do it was quite said in most places where farmers will be like, well, i just gave up. i can do anything. and some family to move home like that. this is just not going to happen. i have to leave. but of course, there are some beautiful studies out be where farmers, they've managed, they called they adopt new technologies. they adopt new varieties and they work with commercial farmers who i'm entering them and is successful. big commercial farmers often have access to finance and technology to implement water saving measures. smaller farmers like adam wooten don't. he still managed to build a successful nursery business using
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a savings and strict water conservation measures. despite the challenges that forced many farmers to close shop, mouton now employ as a team of 9 and hoops. as children who already walk on the farm will continue the business or they must do. you must follow my steps so yes is from has do that. yeah, yes so, so, so as to slot of opportunities in every culture business, i think, is a cultural nowadays, or one of the sectors. so they are really own to produce more job opportunities. what on now wants to start his own epl and p a production, and continued to find new ways to make use of scars, water resources. martin frick, as the director of the united nations world food program, here in germany. he is at the you and climate change talks in egypt. and when i spoke to him earlier, i asked him why so many people still take water for granted? well, be chained to do that water is everywhere,
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but with the changing climate is each dramatic effect at the home of africa, for example, we freight after the louis traveled in full d k, that 22000000 people acute risk of hunger. and so water has been deep, the effect is not only by climate change, but also by inappropriate agricultural strategies by deforestation, by removing land that has led to have operational water. and we need to understand that agriculture is the key to balancing the water cycle, particular area, and the ground, the change conditions. so agriculture, capital, breeding, transportation, these are all driving global warming. so how can our food production systems be made more sustainable and fast? absolutely, if you look at food as they contribute close to 40 percent of the over greenhouse
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gas emissions. but the good news is that we can reverse that. we can build agricultural systems in a way that they build up nature capital. we can make land arable again, that was loss to death. and also with animals, st. capital reading. it's not necessarily evil. if you have capital free, roaming, for example, in sub sarah africa and you do it in a smart way. it actually in room sort of any comment can be a common solution, but having thousands of animals in this table to be fed by in order grains that is not working. it's really good to, hey, you say that these effects that we're seeing all reversible, but do you get any sense from the climate talks that countries but leaders already to make potentially very unpopular decisions to, for, for change and in what we consume and how we consume well, he does come here with true prices in being and works. when we have
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345000000 people were acutely food insecure and inflation in 67 countries of the world higher than 15 percent. so obviously need us need to find solutions for more food security. been actually 82 countries and that is trying also in chalmers shake, the go see, 8 is more to look into agriculture and improved systems where indeed not only food security and so on. but the 3rd of the climate solution of the future, not in the director of the un will to program in germany. thank you so much for your time. thank you. and he's a reminder of our top story to day holes of opened and crucial midterm elections in the us. the vote will determine if democrats lose control of congress and with that their ability to push ahead with president jo biden's agenda for the next 2 days
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that he is watching d. w is coming up next on the w news. asia climate change has already arrived for many people across asia is his right on that front will step but was a world lead as a cult 27 willing to do about it will coming up next on d. w. news, asia. thanks so much for watching a ah, [000:00:00;00]
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with who a. hello guys. this is the 77 percent. the platform with issues and share ideas. you know, on this channel a young people clearly have the solution. good future with the 77 percent.
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every weekend on d, w and we're interested in the global economy, our portfolio d w business beyond. here's a closer look at the project. our mission. to analyze the fight for market dominance, east versus west head. with the w business beyond again, they get all the harvesters or immigrants going to say everything you enjoy eating at home with your family, was harvested by people who are being exploited. and then i guess with the in the going to need to. uh huh. we can keep doing what we're doing, and that's why a green revolution is absolutely necessary. unit revealed,
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the future is being determined. now, our documentary theory will show you how people do companies and countries, rethinking everything and making may take change in europe revealed this week on d, w ah, here watching d w news, asia coming up today just help badly as the world failing when it comes to combating the climate emergency negotiators from almost 200 countries have convened


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