debate Could the new on-line media be an alternative to the old media which reproduce narrow nationalistic agendas? Can we speak of a civil society beyond the strictly local? Which identities mobilize the bloggers, net-activists and on-line protesters for action? Do they have the potential to mobilize for action beyond particular, narrowly defined local causes? Or are the new media strengthening ever more mutually exclusive identities, which cannot communicate with one another? Do the new media have the potential to create transnational public spaces and transnational mobilizations? A debate with Orlin Spasov (executive director of Media Democracy Foundation, Bulgaria), Mila Mineva (sociologist and researcher of national populism, Bulgaria), Agnes Gagyi (media researcher and activist), and Norbert Petrovici (sociologist, Babes-Bollayi University, Cluj, Romania). In Bulgarian and English.