Underwater Wireless Sensor Network UWSN is an emerging technique for various underwater applications such as marine climate observation, pollution tracking, disaster prevention, underwater surveillance etc. And, each of these applications require Sensor Nodes SNs to effectively provide accurate sensed data. A node must know its own location before sending data to its neighbour.
The need for location arises because the number of nodes is very large and it is not possible for the base station to nd the nodes' positions, so the individual node is required to send location information along with the observed data to provide exact location to the user, which means the node must localize itself. However, due to the complex environment, it is very challenging to transmit the collected data to the base station on the surface quickly and effectively.
An energy ef cient routing protocol plays a vital role in data transmission. However, due to the speci c characteristics of UWSNs, such as dynamic structure, narrow bandwidth, rapid energy consumption, and high latency, it is dif cult to build routing protocols for UWSNs. In this article, we focus on surveying architecture, challenges, opportunities as well as various applications in UWSN.
by Gaurav Rai | Ravi Kumar Malik "A Review on Architecture, Issues, Challenges and Applications in Underwater Wireless Sensor Network"
Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-2 | Issue-6 , October 2018,