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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development

WWW.IJTSRD.COM with ISSN: 2456-6470 (International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development) is a leading international journal which aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more. We are international publisher who are proving quality publication of pee...



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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
Jul 18, 2022 Dr. Mrs. Vaibhava Desai
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Digital marketing is the marketing of products or services using digital technologies, mainly on the Internet, but also including mobile phones, display advertising, and any other digital medium. Digital marketings development since the 1990s and 2000s has changed the way brands and businesses use technology for marketing. As digital platforms are increasingly incorporated into marketing plans and everyday life, and as people use digital devices instead of visiting physical shops, digital...
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Topics: Marketing, media, key performance indicators, mail, search engines, consumers
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
Feb 11, 2022 M. Botirov | Sh. Ziyaev
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The article deals with strengthening the learning motivation of learners, to develop the skills and abilities of independent learning. M. Botirov | Sh. Ziyaev "Purpose and Content of Distance Learning" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Special Issue | International Research Development and Scientific Excellence in Academic Life , March 2021, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd38752.pdf Paper Url:...
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Topics: Distance learning, cognition, motivation, textbook, independent learning, supervision, assessment.
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
Aug 28, 2021 Durgesh Raghuvanshi
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In this era of computing, the ideas and techniques of software testing have become essential knowledge for all software developers. A software developer can expect to use the concepts presented in this book many times during his or her career. This chapter introduces the subject of software testing by describing the activities of a test engineer, de ning a number of key terms, and then explaining the central notion of test coverage. Software is a key ingredient in many of the devices and...
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Topics: Computer Engineering, automation, test engineer, software activity, infeasibility, subsumption,...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
Aug 16, 2021 Dr. Veena Santhosh Rai | Spoorthi K P
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Education is the method of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge and development of the abilities of the mind. Education implies to discipline and development by means of study and learning. One of the foremost crucial benefits of education is that it improves personal lives and helps the society to run smoothly. Education should undergo a thorough digital transformation to be able to meet the wants of the young generation and digitalized future.With the advent in technology...
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Topics: Laborious, E-Learning, Coping, Expectation, Perception, Digital Transformation
The Mutiny of 1857 proved to be a land mark in the history of India. This Mutiny ended the company's rule. However, after the war the rule of the British Crown began. Not only common people took part in the Mutiny but also the princes, the Nawabs, the Rajas, the rulers, the Zamindars and even the Sepoys took interest in the Mutiny. During the Mutiny, the last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar 1837 1862 was proclaimed as the Emperor of India. The Mutiny began on 10th May 1857 and then spread...
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Topics: History, Indian Mutiny of 1857, Sepoys, Company's rule in India (1757-1858), British rule in India...
The main objective of the empirical research is to identify and study, the styles of leadership in the manufacturing industrial sector in Industrial Estate, Vijayawada. The data was collected through case study method. Out of the 82 manufacturing units in the industrial estate, 50 are selected based on the line of activity and the type of industry, using judgement convenient sampling methods. 50 workers are contacted to assess the working conditions. The success levels of leadership style in...
Topics: Business and retail research, Entrepreneurial leadership, preferred labour, Flexibility practices,...
Among all non-conventional micro-machining, electrochemical discharge machining (ECDM) is having high quality of material removal rate with zero residual stress. This machining has been accepted as a highly modern technology in micromachining. In this paper an effort has been done on micro drilling of glass using electrochemical discharge machining (ECDM). A fixed tool and a step down transformer have been used to support the steady machining to increase the accuracy of work piece. The input...
Topics: Electrochemical Discharge Machining (ECDM), Taguchi Technique, ANOVA, Material Removal Rate (MRR),...
In symmetric key algorithm in linear block cipher to encrypt and decrypt the messages using matrix and inverse matrix. In this proposed technique generate lower and upper triangular matrices from the square matrix using decomposition. In encryption process, the key is a lower triangular matrix and decryption process, the key is upper triangular matrix under modulation of the prime number. We illustrate the proposed technique with help of examples. P.Sundarayya | M.G.Vara Prasad ...
Topics: liner block cipher, symmetric matrix key, encryption, and decryption, lower and upper triangular...
This study investigated classroom management practices among teachers in public senior secondary schools in Anambra State. Three research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study in line with the stated specific objectives of the study. Descriptive research design of the survey type was adopted and the population of the study comprised 3395 teachers in public senior secondary schools in the six education zones in Anambra State. The sample size consisted of 556 teachers...
Topics: Classroom, management strategies, class control, public secondary school, Anambra State
The United Nations UN was established 75 years ago, with the main objective of maintaining world peace and security. It has been successful in preventing the disintegration process of countries and another world war. However, the world of the 21st century is very different from that of the 20th century and is facing many new problems and realities. Current human and economic losses associated with the COVID 19 pandemic have been compared to major wars, and unemployment is worse than at any time...
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Feminism is a category of political movements, ideologies and social movements that share a goal of defining, establishing and achieving political, economic, personal, social and gender equality. This includes establishing equal educational and professional opportunities for women as men. Ram Kumar Gurjar "Feminism in Political Science" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-6 | Issue-4 , June 2022, URL:...
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World is facing a very competitive time where everyone is running towards name ,fame, money and luxury .Materialism is at its brim and all have become so habitual of this lifestyle that the Ethical and spiritual part of life is left much behind. We will hardly see anyone who is looking for a grounded lifestyle along with ethical and spiritual practises. The emergence of expensive shopping arcades, highly costly hotels and restaurants, availability of multiple digital payment options, convenient...
Topics: Business Ethics, Ethics, Sprituality, Materialsim, Management, Lifestyle, Luxury, Shrimad Bhagwat...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- S. G. V. D. H. Gunasekara | D. M. S. H. Dissanayaka
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Constructed wetland systems CWs can be considered the most promising and sustainable alternative for wastewater treatment in different parts of the world. There is an enormous potential for the application of CWs in developing countries. However, the use of CWs for greywater treatment is still underutilized in developed countries, and it is almost not popular in developing countries where greywater treatment and recycling can be advantageous. The removal mechanisms, including microbial...
Topics: Constructed wetland systems, Greywater, Removal mechanisms
Roads are the backbone of countrys development, however the excessive stage of emission generated in paving traditional bituminous pavements is usually a most important concern. For decades, Hot Mix Asphalt HMA had a top hand in pavement development all over the world. Use of reclaimed asphalt pavement RAP helps keep herbal assets and money. The share of RAP that can be utilized correctly in hot mix recycling is specifically dictated by means of sensible considerations. To keep away from...
Topics: Bituminous Concrete (BC-II), ZycoTherm, Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA), Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP),...
The greatest desire of mankind is to have reliable and sustainable electricity. Over the years, conventional, non renewable energy resources e.g. coal, oil, fuelwood etc had been harnessed to generate electricity. However, these resources are depleting with constant usage. This had initiated a switch in attention to renewable energy sources like wind, solar, tidal energy etc. This paper therefore, demonstrates the design and implementation of a 30KVA hybrid inverter using solar panels and...
Topics: Hybrid power supply, Power reliability, Solar Polar, Inverter, MPPT charge Controller
As a result of the advancements in information and communication technology ICT , people can now lead more comfortable lives. Vehicle monitoring while parked or driving is an example of a problem that needs to be addressed. Car owners, especially those whose hard earned money was spent on a vehicle or whose loss would cause significant hassles to their family and workplaces, need to be aware of the importance of vehicle security. Every vehicle owners major issue is now compounded by these...
Topics: Global Positioning System (GPS), Global System for Mobile (GSM), Microcontroller, Automobile...
Because of the increased complexity of designs in recent years, we now have multiple components on a single chip that employ independent clocks, meaning that these clocks are not synchronized. As a result, problems with Clock Domain Crossing will occur, which, if not resolved, will proliferate and destroy the entire chip. Data crossing clock domains can cause a variety of problems, including as metastability and data loss, which can lead to the device failing completely. To overcome the clock...
Topics: TSPC, CDC, SOI, Synchronizer, Low Power
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Evbayekha O. Endurance | Ohikhuai E. Evidence | Ofumwengbe-Evba Osaruyi
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Alcohol and substance use has become rampant worldwide, with a high prevalence of its use within the university environment. Logically, implementing strict policies for controlling alcohol and other substance use is required to maintain optimum health for the general public. This study was conducted to assess alcohol and substance use among university students in Nigeria.METHOD Three hundred and forty participants took part in this study. A descriptive cross sectional survey was used. Data...
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The present study focuses on the Emotional Competence among the higher secondary students. The investigator used the random sampling technique for this study. The findings of this study are i Female Students have high Emotional Competence when compared to Male students. ii There is no significant difference in mean scores of Emotional Competence with respect to Religion, iii There is no significant difference in mean scores of Emotional Competence with respect to Medium of Instruction, iv...
Topics: Emotional, Emotional Competence, Higher Secondary School Students
This study examined the relationship between application of appropriate learning strategies and development of competencies in students of the University of Bamenda UBa . A correlational survey research design, with a quantitative approach for data collection was used. The target population of this study consisted of all undergraduate and Master students, while the accessible population was made up of students selected from six Schools using both probability and non probability sampling...
Topics: Learning, self-directed learning, self-directed learner, learning strategies, competencies
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Nitin Thorat | Prof. Santosh Waghmare | Dr. Hemant Kamble
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Generic medications are critical in the United States health care system, saving payers and patients a total of 253 billion in 2016 and 1.67 trillion over the last decade. Nitin Thorat | Prof. Santosh Waghmare | Dr. Hemant Kamble "Generics Life and Money Saving: A Review" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-6 | Issue-4 , June 2022, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd50125.pdf Paper URL:...
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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Njikang Christina Senge Tanyi | Therese Mugah Shalloh Tchombe | Patrick Fonyuy Shey
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This study sought to investigate lack of parental supervision and psychosocial development of children of school going age in Buea sub division of the South West Region. A mixed research method was used. Data collected from the administration of questionnaires with pupils and the interview data from interview sessions with parents were analysed using both quantitative and qualitative data analytical techniques respectively. In relation to questionnaire data, we adopted the quantitative...
Topics: Parental Supervision, Psycho-social Development, Children
The purpose of the study was to assess self esteem as a psychological correlate of learning disability among children scope of psychological interventions. It was hypothesized that LD children have low self esteem. Children with average and above average IQ but with learning difficulty, Children who are physically healthy and active in other co curricular activities, Children who are going for remedial classes for subject wise Learning difficulty were included. And children with various types...
Topics: Self-esteem, Children, Learning disability
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Dr. Dinh Cong Thanh | Dr. Pham Le Hong Nhung | BBA. Nguyen Thi Ngan
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The research objective of the article is study the factors affecting the financial performance of enterprises in Vietnam. Collected data are 189 observations published by the General Statistics Office from 2017 to 2019. The regression analysis results show that the financial performance of enterprises depends on five factors, including efficiency in using labor, financial leverage, capital turnover, fixed asset ratio, and total asset growth rate. In which, the factor of capital turnover has the...
Topics: financial performance, ROA, ROE, ROS
A modern area of fluid dynamics, called nanofluid dynamics has become increasingly popular in novel hematological treatments. Motivated by these recent developments in the field of nanotechnology, a theoretical model for catheterized stenosed artery having permeable walls, treating blood as a base fluid for various shapes of nanoparticles suspended, is presented. The disposition of blood is described to be that of a viscous nanofluid. The calculations are executed using mild stenosis conditions...
Topics: Composite Stenosis, Nanoparticles, Hemodynamics, Nanofluids, Hamilton-Crosser model
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Dr. Rupali S. Shinde | Dr. Prasad P. Pande
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The basic process of life includes Organization, Metabolism, Responsiveness, Movements, and Reproduction. The Numerous Srotas present in human body are the channels for conducting these basic processes. Srotas is defined as the passages through which the various dhatus that are undergoing the process of metabolic transformation are transported. The process of transformation of dhatus takes place under the action of agni. There are numerous srotas functioning in the Purush live Being . Artav...
Topics: Srotas, Artav, Garbhashaya, Artav-vaha dhamani
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Dhiresh Yennuwar | Snehal Jadhav | Mr. Sujit Kakade | Dr. Ravindra Patil | Dr. Ashok Bhosale
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Oral route of drug administration is the most preferred and convenient method of drug administration, but due to the poor solubility of drug is the major drawback for the dissolution and bioavailability of that drug. Absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of the drug depends on the solubility of the drug molecule. Solid dispersion is defined as dispersion of one or more active pharmaceutical ingredient in water soluble carriers at solid state to increase the dissolution of poorly...
Topics: Solid Dispersion, Solubility, Dissolution, Bioavailability, Surfactant, Stability, Poorly soluble...
Vermicomposting is one of the eco friendly method to composting the domestic waste materials, vermicomposting is a process which the earthworms convert the organic waste into manure rich in high nutritional content. Perionyx excavatus sps are most commonly used in composting process. Vermicomposting are easily handled and supply nutrients and growth hormone. Nutrients content of vermicomposting in higher than traditional compost. Perionyx excavatus is the potential epigeics earthworm species...
Topics: Vermicomposting, vermiculture, Perionyx excavatus
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Panshul Sharma | Dr. Kapil Kumar Verma | Mr. Hans Raj
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Normal brain function is closely and comprehensively related to normal liver function. Not only the liver plays an important role it supplies essential nutrients to the brain, but also to detoxify splanchnic blood. Impaired liver function thus leads to insufficient detoxification allowing neurotoxins such as ammonia, manganese and other chemicals to enter the brain. In addition, postosystem short circuits, ie common complications in advanced liver disease, facilitate the free transfer of...
Topics: Liver cirrhosis, Neurological disorder, Acute liver failure, Hepatic encephalopathy, Hepatitis C,...
Economic development is defined as a sustained increase in output per capita, as well as structural changes in productive capacity and employment. A major aspect of current growth is a shift in labour from agricultural to non agricultural output. As a result of structural transformation, which is pulling labour away from agriculture and into non agricultural sectors at a rate determined by the labour absorbing intensity of the industrial and service sectors, the rate of employment growth is...
Topics: Employment, Sectoral Employment Changes, Gross Domestic Product, Per-capita income
Pollution of the Ganges, the largest river in India, poses significant threats to human health and the larger environment. 1 The river, which is severely polluted with human waste and industrial contaminants, provides water to about 40 of Indias population across 11 states, 2 serving an estimated population of 500 million people, which is more than any other river in the world. 3 4 Today, the Ganges is considered to be the fifth most polluted river in the world. 5 6 Raghubir Singh, an Indian...
Topics: ganga, plan, Modi, water pollution, health, namami ganga, population, waste, sewage
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Aanchal Alok | Dr. H. L. Saxena
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This study was conducted to bring to light food coloring used in three selected dishes. The dishes were taken naming ice cream, candy and tomato sauce applying convenience sampling method. The study revealed to take part 78.4 non food grade and 21.5 food grade colors in widespread use in these three dishes. Various textile dye and cosmetic color were in abundance used as non food grade colors and various synthetic colors e. g. amaranth red and ponceau 4R were as food grade colors in the...
Topics: Food Coloring, Dishes, Food Grade Colors, Non Food Grade Colors
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Aashay P Ghodke | Pratik P Raykar | Prasad S Kadam
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Smart transportation is one of the important factor in the smart city environment because it enhance the citizen lives style and improving the sustainability. Driverless Automatically guided vehicles rely on environmental information for performing target oriented movements and navigation. Handling multiple information from the environment is a complex task though, these information are necessary for improving the realization of these vehicles. Therefore, considering the significance of sensor...
Topics: Guided Vehicles, Information Fusion, Internet of Things, Machine Learning, Smart City
Water is a highly required natural resource for the execution of life on earth. So, the importance of water cannot be compared with anything else. There is no alternative for water. We live on a planet which is called “Blue Planet” due to ample sources of water. The major source of water on earth is sea. But sea water is neither suitable to intake nor suitable for construction industry. This is due to the fact that sea water is rich of different salts. 2 3rd of earth is covered with water,...
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India has a distinct advantage over advanced economies in having a larger percentage of a young workforce and this contrast may become starker in the years to come. However, the developed and the developing economies show a similar trend in the declining percentage of youth joining the workforce. This trend is attributed to a larger proportion of young people joining schools in comparison to the previous years, with the emerging economies showing a higher percentage. This is a welcome trend for...
Topics: skill development, empowerment, youth, resource, human, institutions, education
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Matthew N. O. Sadiku | Uwakwe C. Chukwu | Abayomi Ajayi-Majebi | Sarhan M. Musa
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Human–robot interaction HRI is essentially the field of study of interactions between humans and robots. It exists at the overlap of several academic disciplines such as psychology, philosophy, anthropology, cognitive science, the social sciences, artificial intelligence, computer science, robotics, engineering, and human computer interaction. It is dedicated to understanding, designing, and evaluating robotic systems used by humans. The goal of HRI is seeking to better understand the nature...
Topics: robots, robotics, human-robot interaction, human-robot collaboration
Social networks have significant impact on the changing scenario of education It is the fundamental necessity of teacher educators. Teacher educators make use of the social networking to learn and communicate. Through the social networking, the teacher educator can find knowledge resources in any discipline. They can also share their discipline. They can share their ideas in any part of the world through, World Wide Web. E mail. Facebook and whatsapp and twitter. It leads to improve thinking...
Topics: Awareness of Social networks Facebook, Whatsapp, Twitter, Telegram, Sharechat etc
Adolescence is considered as a period of transition from childhood to adulthood. It is characterized by rapid physical growth, significant physical, emotional, psychological and spiritual changes. Adolescence is a period of emotional problem in urban and rural School. Problems of adolescence have been studied by psychologists since a long time but systematic studies were concluded for the rest time. Emotions are often intertwined with mood, temperament, personality, disposition, or creativity....
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An important link in the search for society in literature is the identification of the social meaning of the literary imagination. The whole practice of literary creation is a business of imagination. It is only with the help of imagination that the understanding of the world of life, the consciousness of reality, the formation of characters, the discovery of methods of euphemism of feelings and thoughts becomes possible. Dr. Sajita Nair "Impact of Hindi Literature on Social...
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Background Self Defense is more than knowing how to fight back again a physical attack. Self defense classes encourages you to think in terms of options and choices develops your awareness and assertiveness skills and provides practice for physical self defense techniques. A good self defense class will expand the way you think about violence prevention help you deal with your fears and enable you to feel more empowered in your life. Objectives The study aimed to assess the effectiveness of STP...
Topic: Self-protection methods against sexual assault among adolescence girls attended the classes with...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Ergashkulov Mexroj Xurshedovich | Yuldashev S. J.
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The harms of smoking are well known. Smokers are more likely to develop lung cancer and other malignant tumors, cardiovascular pathologies and chronic respiratory diseases. The genotoxic and reprotoxic effects of Afabazole tobacco smoke are discussed in detail in this article. Ergashkulov Mexroj Xurshedovich | Yuldashev S. J. "Genotoxic and Reprotoxic Effects of Afabazole Tobacco Smoke" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN:...
Topics: Harm of smoking, lung cancer and other malignant tumors in smokers, cardiovascular pathology
Background The partograph or partogram is recommended by the World Health Organisation WHO , for monitoring labour wellbeing and progress. Concerns about limitations in the way the partograph is used in the clinical context and the potential impact on its effectiveness have led to this realist systematic review of partograph use. Objectives The study aimed to assess the pre existing knowledge on use of partograph among midwives and effectiveness of information booklet. Methods In the present...
Topics: Effectiveness, information booklet, knowledge, midwifes, partograph
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Dr. Sudhanshu Verma
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The second wave of COVID 19 in India which saw an alarming surge of coronavirus infections, has left the healthcare system in many places and caused unprecedented devastation across the country. From chronic shortage of hospital beds and oxygen supply to lack of medicines, medical facilities and timely treatment. This was also evident in the desperate screams for help on the social media platform. Dr. Sudhanshu Verma "Corona Warriors of India" Published in International Journal of...
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F.I.V. Edoardo Bianchi S.p.A., commonly known as Bianchi bja ki is the worlds oldest bicycle manufacturing company in existence, having pioneered the use of equal sized wheels with pneumatic rubber tires. 1 The company was founded in Italy in 1885 and in addition to bicycles it produced motorcycles from 1897 to 1967. In 1955 the joint venture Autobianchi was created together with Fiat and Pirelli for the manufacturing of cars – Autobianchi was subsequently sold to Fiat in 1969.Throughout its...
Topics: magnetized, bianchi, type V, stiff, lyra, geometry, fluid, model, magnetic, gravitation, scalar
The use of herbs in cosmetics and different formulations are observed from centuries. Due to the antioxidant activity, herbs and herbal formulations show great potential. There potential is used to treat different skin diseases and improve skin appearance is well known. As UV radiation causes, lower immunity against infections, premature aging, sunburns, wrinkles, the best solution is to prevent the UV radiation and avoid side effects. Antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin E flavonoids and...
Topics: Antioxidant, Skin, Novel approach, Phyto therapeutic emulsion
Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary research field. In recent past efforts have been made to improve agricultural yield through exhaustive research in nanotechnology. The green revolution resulted in blind usage of pesticides and chemical fertilizers which caused loss of soil biodiversity and developed resistance against pathogens and pests as well. Nanoparticle mediated material delivery to plants and advanced biosensors for precision farming are possible only by nanoparticles or nanochips....
Topics: nanotechnology, biodiversity, smart, agriculture, revolutionize, plants, modern
Various ground improvement methods have evolved in the last decade, these methods seek to improve the shear strength parameters of the soil and thus increase the bearing capacity. This paper, presents the reliability of the results of improvement techniques on Peaty clay soil, in various locations at a 1m depth, using the Unconfined Compressive strength test UCS and the California Bearing Ratio test CBR. The major materials used where Chemicals such as Calcium Oxide, Calcium Hydroxide, Calcium...
Topics: Civil Engineering, Ground improvement, Chemicals, Peaty clay, Geo textile, Soaked, Un soaked
The use of statistical measurement tools to research human behavior in a social environment is known as social statistics. Statistics and statistical analysis has become a key feature of social science. In this study researcher study Socio Economics indicators like Education, Health and Employment in Gujarat, he also used Multivariate Analysis as a statistical tools. In this research it will be found that the most of the Sub Indicators are positively impact on Multivariate Analysis model. Dr....
Topics: Multivariate Analysis, Social sector, Social Indicator, Correlation
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Shabnam Kumari; Sumit Dalal; Rashmi
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Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) present myriad application opportunities for several applications such as precision agriculture, environmental and habitat monitoring, traffic control, industrial process monitoring and control, home automation and mission-critical surveillance applications such as military surveillance, healthcare (elderly, home monitoring) applications, disaster relief and management, fire detection applications among others. Since WSNs are used in mission-critical tasks,...
Topics: WSN, WTE, SN, FN, MAC, Electronics & Communication Engineering
Technologies or innovations for example we can say wheel, computer, mobile, bicycle etc. All of these shapes and organize the world as well as our lives. To illustrate the SCOT analysis, we can use the case of the social construction of the safety bicycle in the late nineteenth century Wiebe Bijker,1987 . Major changes have taken place over the last decade in the world of bicycles. These changes point to short comings in Pinch and Bijker's analytical framework. In particular, SCOT looks closely...
Topic: Social Science
Post harvest losses in developing countries have contributed to the unavailability of foodstuff. Estimation of these losses is generally cited to be of the order of 4 but under very adverse conditions, it is estimated as high as 100 . A significant percentage of these losses are related to improper and or untimely preservation of foodstuffs. This research work is therefore aimed at developing a multipurpose solar dryer. The solar dryer consists mainly of solar collector and dryer chamber...
Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Multipurpose solar dryer, solar dryer chamber, ambient temperature,...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Makarand Prabhakar Lehekar ; Prof. Mangesh Urne
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Kanban is a scheduling system for lean and just-in-time (JIT) production. Kanban is a system to control the logistical chain from a production point of view. Kanban was developed by Taiichi Ohno, at Toyota, to find a system to improve and maintain a high level of production. Kanban is one method through which JIT is achieved.Kanban became an effective tool in support of running a production system as a whole, and it proved to be an excellent way for promoting improvement. Problem areas were...
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This Paper gives information about Grid base multipath wireless sensor network. We give a brief introduction about wireless sensor network, how sensor works in this network. How the Routing is done and if there is congestion detected in sensors networks and then how it can be solved. Routing protocols are also classified in several types like Proactive, Reactive, and Hybrid in also given here the details of that. Also here we describe various routing techniques like Traditional and Current...
Topics: Wireless Sensor Network protocols, GMCAR, Flooding, Gossiping, SPIN, LEACH, PEGASIS, TEEN
Alysicarpus monilifer L. is a widely used plant in the north coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh, India, has been used in indigenous system of medicine. The roots are used for the treatment of leprosy and urinary troubles. The decoction of roots is prescribed for cough. The boiled leaves are used as purgative. The herb is credited with anti- pyretic, anti- periodic and expectorant properties, febrifuge and also recommended for cutanious scabies and boils and to cure pain. Acute toxicity tests...
Topics: Alysicarpus monilifer L., Carbon tetrachloride, Hepatotoxicity, Hepatoprotective activity,...
The main objective of this research is to investigate the use of fly ash and other is Stone dust as partial replacement of cement and concrete production. In this research we analyze the strength of concrete made with using these waste materials one is Fly ash and other is Stone dust.  The Fly as his used as 20 replace by weight of cement and Stone Dust as the partial replacement of Fine Aggregate from 0 , 10 , 20 , 30 and 40 . The grade of the concrete here is M-30 grade.  by Khan Gayasuddin...
Topics: Civil Engineering, fly ash, Stone Dust, Mix Design, Compressive Strength Test, Flexure Test, Split...
The idea of fuzzy logic is based close to the human reasoning and regular exercises. It presents predicates which are available in nature and like those either enormous or little. This hypothesis copies human brain science in the matter of how a man settles on the choice speedier. Fuzzy logic is a superset of ordinary (Boolean) logic that has been stretched out to deal with the idea of halfway truth - truth esteems between "totally obvious" and "totally false". It can be...
Topic: Fuzzy logic
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Murugananthan Velayutham | Mia Torres-Dela Cruz
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There is an undeniable discernment that data mining has a great potential in the improvement of healthcare systems due to its ability to discover patterns and to obtain and isolate important data and information from a large collection of data sets. An in depth exploration of data mining is essential to understand why this industry is still lagging behind in the implementation of data mining in its technology development. In this paper, datamining techniques has been evaluated with discussion...
Topics: Data Miining, Clustering, Classification, Health care, Regression, Decision trees
Students who experience dearth in their linguistic resources, particularly in English, do not just deploy a single type of communication strategy during breakdowns in communication, but rather a combination of several CSs that manifests their strategic competence in communication. This study is geared to assess what, how, and why communication strategies were deployed. To support this assertion, a corpus-based method was used to collect and analyze corpus elicited from 158 tertiary students...
Topics: strategic competence, communication strategies, sub strategies
Microtubules are tubulin polymers that use nucleoside triphosphate (NTP) hydrolysis for polymerization. Microtubules (MTs) are involved in the diverse and dynamic cellular functions like cell shape maintenance, cell division, cell migration, and signalling. Microtubules display dynamic behaviour of Treadmillin and microtubule dynamics these processes are is precisely regulated by microtubule associated proteins. Soluble and polymeric form of tubulin is in equilibrium state that is regulated by...
Topics: Microtubule dynamics, tread milling, polymerization and depolymerization, Cell biology
Structured Query Language (SQL) Injection is a code injection technique that exploits security vulnerability occurring in database layer of web applications [8]. According to Open Web Application Security Projects (OWASP), SQL Injection is one of top 10 web based attacks [10]. This paper shows the basics of SQL Injection attack, types of SQL Injection Attack according to their classification. It also describes the survey of different SQL Injection attack detection and prevention. At the end of...
Topics: SQL Injection, Types of SQL Injection, Tokenization, Computer Security
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Prof. M. Nandhagopal, Prof. M. Suresh Kumar, J. Arulmurugan, M. Aravind
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The main purpose of this project is to design and manufacture of bottom fixture in Robo Soldering machine and inspect it with the image of the PCB captured through Vision Based system. Power supply has to be turned on to peripheral devices of the machine before turning on main supply. Status of DIO (Direct Input Output) power supply and field bus connection is diagnosed at the initialization process. When the product is kept on the table and if there is no power supply detected then there will...
Topic: Mechanical Engineering
While connecting the dots to all the possibly known diseases, it lead us to a single root cause, an increased level of free-radicals. Apart from the external sources, internally sources as well, trigger the natural-aging-clock i.e. the length of the telomere. The present study was focused on the chemical constituents being, polyphenolic tannins (ellagic acid, punicallin, punicalagin) being converted into urolithins. Ageing was induced by oral administration of soft-drink for 6 weeks in positive...
Topics: free radicals, telomere, antioxidant, ORAC, Punica granatum L., ellagic acid, punicallin,...
Kangaroo Mother Care is a key component of effort to reduce the neonatal mortality, enhance the mother knowledge and practice to improve the child health. The use of simulation for increase the knowledge, practice of the mother for effective KMC has been widespread growth and adaption across maternity institution. The present study aimed to assess the effectiveness of simulation on knowledge and practice among the mother or family member in order to improve the mother knowledge and practice...
Topics: Knowledge, Practice, Postnatal mother, Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC)
This study focuses on issues such as what deconstruction is or not, how it is perceived today, what are its benefits, what kinds of mistakes are made in the conception and application as well. The paper tries to unfold the secrets and beauty of the phenomenon of deconstruction from the philosophical approaches to literary discourses. Thus, the techniques of the deconstructive approaches, interactions and interests to the texts have been theorized and the techniques of enforcement have also been...
Topics: Context, Text, Deconstruction, Post-Structuralism, Odia
Reliable vibration reduction method is one of the important aspects for achieving a good dimensional accuracy and surface finish during turning operation in a manufacturing system. An effort is being made to minimize vibration in order to improvise surface finish and dimensional tolerance in lathe dry turning process by passive damping technique. In the present work, prediction is made to improve surface finish by reducing the vibration of cutting tool in Lathe using viscoelastic material PTFE...
Topics: Surface Roughness, EN8K, PTFE, Nylon, Design of Experiment, Taguchi, ANOVA, Minitab 17, etc,...
The aim of this project is to develop an understanding of the mathematics and physics involved in a bungee jump, in order to gain a better understanding of the concepts involved. We will use Newton's law and utilize techniques needed to solve second order differential equations. For simplicity; we will regard the jumper as a point mass in one dimension and we will make the assumption that wind resistance has a linear relationship to speed. We will also assume that the bungee cord obeys Hooke's...
Topics: Newton's second law, Hooke's law, Young's modulus, Wind resistance, Driving force, Terminal velocity
The Act known as National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) created a justifiable "Right to work" for all households in rural India. This Act renamed as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) is an unprecedented intervention by the Government in reforming and reenergizing the (rural) labour market both by way of correcting the prevailing anomalies and in providing livelihood security to millions of rural poor. In conflict-ridden Kashmir's rural...
Topics: MGNREGA, panchayat, Right to Work, Chassis Engineering
Multivariate statistical techniques, including Seasonal Indices and principal component analysis (PCA) were used to evaluate the seasonal variations and to interpret a critical season which is responsible for the variation in water quality data sets collected from the Wular Lake in Kashmir. The data sets, which contained 10 parameters for the four seasons Winter, Spring, Summer & Autumn were collected during a year monitoring program at 5 different sites along the Lake. Variation were found...
Topics: Seasonal Indices, Principal Component Analysis, Seasons, Enviormental Science
Cognitive radio is an exciting wireless technology that has been introduced for the efficient used of spectrum. Using cognitive radios (CRs), the secondary users (unlicensed users) are allowed to use the spectrum which is originally allocated to primary users (PUs) as far as the active primary users are not using it temporarily. In order to prevent harmful interference to primary users, the SUs need to perform spectrum sensing before transmitting signal over the spectrum. In this paper we use...
Topics: Cognitive radio, Spectrum sensing, spectrum utilization, Energy Detector, Bayesian Detector,...
Manufacturers of modern era aim on improved quality at low cost. The production rate is one of the major contributors to the cost of the product which depends upon machining time. The work concentrates on obtaining the influential parameters for material removal rate and machining time based on input parameters such as current, Pulse on time and Pulse off time. It was encountered that feed was the most important contributed for material removal rate. The R - squared value for Material Removal...
Topics: Quality, Production Rate, Material Removal Rate and Machining Time, Mechanical Engineering
The problem of voting is still critical in terms of rigging and security. A RFID and BIOMETRIC fingerprint sensor is being used in this advanced voting system. In the initial stage of voting we use bullet papers and polling machine without any unique authentication on the election voting process. Biometric are used for human secure authentication because fingerprint are unique in human biological nature. RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) used for automatic fetching data from data stored in...
Topics: RFID tag and reader, fingerprint sensor, microcontroller PIC16F877A, Computer Engineering
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Aishwarya C; Ankita Vyas; Sunil M P; Manjunath C R
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Many high-risk diseases can be medicated and prohibited with the use of right kind of treatment. Accordingly, it's compulsory to consume drugs on the recommended time. If an infirm doesn't consume his medicant on schedule, there may be various negative effects. Using medical science and technology, this methodology assures specific time alert for the intake of the medicants. The alert will be one in audio form and other in visual form. Audio alert in the form of buzzer and visual alert in the...
Topics: Internet of Things (IoT), Raspberry Pi, Alert, Reed Switch
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
- Shankibaeva Aliya Bakhitzhanovna ; Karzhaubayeva Sangul Kamalovna
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In the article, the authors analyze the work of the great Kazakh dancer RamazanBapov, considering his unique performance through the interpretation of the artistic images of the leading ballet parties. Individual skill of the dancer as a sample of choreographic art is relevant from the point of view of modern analysis of choreography. National scenic images created by the dancer convey the spirit of patriotism and the genetic code of the Kazakh people. The articletells aboutcreative...
Topics: theatre, choreography, performing arts, national dance, stage image, ballet, scenography
The increasing wind penetration in today's power grids has led to growing interest in the frequency control capabilities of wind generation. Several publications have proposed a variety of methods both on the levels of a single turbine and of a wind farm. This paper focuses on the role of wind generation in a system's primary frequency control. Wind turbine control methods that enable frequency support and control are presented. The advantages and disadvantages of each method are discussed....
Topics: Ancillary services, Frequency response, Emulating inertia, Primary frequency control, Wind...
The linear regression is a linear approach for modeling the relationship between a scalar dependent variable y and one or more explanatory variables denoted X. A linear regression analysis method is used to improve the performance of the instruments using light scattering method. The data measured by these instruments have to be converted to actual PM10 concentrations using some factors. These findings propose that the instruments using light scattering method can be used to measure and control...
Topics: PM10, linear regression analysis, subway station, radon counter, radon measuring apparatus,...