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tv   Journal  PBS  January 25, 2013 6:30pm-7:00pm PST

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>> welcome to the "journal" from dw in berlin. >> here's what's coming up in the next half-hour -- clashes in cairo. egypt marks the second anniversary of the revolution which ended the era of hosni mubarak. we will have a live report. >> and germany says it plans to
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buy its first killer drones. reaction in berlin. >> and the swiss architect awarded for his sense and sensibility with german castles. it was two years ago when the egyptians rose up in unity demanding an end to hosni mubarak's reign as president. today, mubarak is history, and egypt is a nation divided. m islamists hold power in the former president morsi, but some say his new constitution is just as unfair as the system and to replace. on friday, egyptians once again took to the streets. >> it was a day of protest, not a celebration. once again, tens of thousands of
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people gathered in cairo's tahrir square where two years ago they demonstrated against hosni mubarak. now they are demonstrating against the new president. the people want the downfall of the regime. the slogan of the arab spring is being chanted once again. this time they are telling morsi to go. >> our revolution continues. we will not allow one faction to monopolize power. we reject a muslim brotherhood state. we want a constitution that represents and protect the reprights of all egyptians. >> protesters took to the streets in many other cities as well. in alexandria, dozens were injured in clashes with the police. >> we go to cairo now. tell us how chaotic the situation is. >> behind me, tahrir square is
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relatively peaceful, but a few hundred meters away at the state television building, there were big clashes in the last hours. also the military came down onto the streets in front of the television building. we have basically clashes in many places in alexandria, in cairo, but also in upper egypt. in all, they say we have 119 injured people. >> how would you compare this situation to two years ago? >> they are very different. the muslim brotherhood, left liberals were all standing at the square against hosni mubarak. now, we have a very polarized situation in egypt politically. today, we have an opposition that is demonstrating against the muslim brotherhood. the president in the muslim brothers are basically staying
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away from the street. i just came from one of the poorer areas in cairo where the muslim brotherhood open some kind of little market, selling cheap meat to the people there, trying to celebrate this, the day of the revolution. very different ways to what people are doing. >> obviously, there's a lot of frustration and anger going around. explain why. >> nobody is doubting this situation is not good, that things did not move fast enough here, and that we have a very dire economic situation, but we have something of a blame game going on. the opposition says the muslim brotherhood with the president is fully in charge politically and economically. they are responsible for this situation. and on the other hand, the muslim brotherhood said if it were not for the opposition, demonstrating and striking every day, it would have moved much
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more ahead, so everyone blames the other, basically. >> quickly, tell us -- where is this going? >> where is this going is very difficult to say. at the end, we have a situation where the muslim brothers will never ruled this country alone. at the end, the people who are fighting today have to talk together and have to get into a dialogue in order to move the country ahead. >> thank you. to syria where fierce fighting is being reported between kurdish militia and islamist rebels in a northern border town. this is the view from across the border in turkey. >> hardline insurgents have been using tanks and mortars in a power struggle with kurdish forces. i have enjoyed a degree of autonomy under president assad. 56 people have been killed this week. according to human rights groups. >> in iraq, six people have been
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killed at the the military opened fire on anti-government protesters. >> security forces clashed with demonstrators who started throwing stones. tens of thousands took to the streets across the country after friday prayers. they say sunni muslims of being marginalized by the shiite-led authorities. >> french troops entered a town 600 kilometers north of mali's capital. islamist fighters pulled back as the forces advanced. weeks since france sent forces to its former colony to block an offensive from al qaeda islamists. military action has been successful so far, but people in the region are facing a humanitarian crisis as thousands flee the violence. >> the european union has pleaded with both sides to give aid organizations easy access to the conflict zone, warning that millions of people are facing
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food shortages. >> hundreds of thousands have fled their homes since the fighting started a year ago. many have fled abroad. some 200,000 have moved to other parts of the country. the eu says aid agencies are facing major problems in trying to help the people affected in the north. >> i appeal to all those involved in the conflict to do all they can to insure that organizations provide the humanitarian assistance to people on the ground -- so people on the ground faces few obstacles as possible and that permissions are given as quickly as possible. >> and land that has been devastated by drought is now faced with a humanitarian crisis. >> food insecurity is a very major concern. in mali, despite a good harvest, we worry that some 4 million or
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5 million people may be in need of food assistance. >> the commissioner says the eu is ready to add to the 93 million euros of aid it has already sent, both to help mali and neighboring countries like niger where tens of thousands of people have already taken refuge. >> moving to the czech republic and our voting has begun to let the country's new president. around 8 million voters are choosing between two candidates. the foreign minister, the heir to one of central europe's wealthiest aristocratic families. >> he is taking on the former prime minister, to replace the current president. the vote is the country's first direct presidential election with a final day of voting on saturday. the russian parliament has given its initial backing today to a bill that would ban what it calls homosexual propaganda. >> critics say the bill could lead to gay people being fined
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for demonstrating or even kissing in public. >> there were skirmishes ahead of the parliamentary vote. orthodox activists disrupted a protest by gay rights campaigners before it had even started. demonstrators against the bill say are just fighting for civil rights. >> i am liberal. i am for freedom for all. for gay people and other minorities, too. >> this is not about sex in public, but a quick kiss or holding someone's hand -- that's just normal. >> the bill has two more readings. it then goes to the upper house, and president putin for approval. if passed, it could lead to fines for what it calls homosexual propaganda. supporters say the aim is to protect russian children. >> i am going to vote in favor of the bill. god created people of different sexes so that we do not get up
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to such nonsense. and many russians share his view, but critics of the bill say it will only worsen hostilities that gay people face. gay rights campaigners were attacked earlier this week as they protested against the bill. >> the majority of the russian population is more conservative and rejects homosexuality. critics say the new law would be another step on the path away from freedom and democracy. m a german business confidence has risen to a seven-month high, beating expectations. >> its monthly index campuses the opinions of thousands of business leaders in germany, and boy, did those leaders like what they see coming. >> a good start to 2013 for many
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german companies. in particular, construction companies are expecting a lot of business in the coming year, and prospects are looking better across the board here in the business climate index rose for the third month in a row. german business activity is profiting from the fact that things are going better around the world, although at the moment, that does not count for the eurozone, and in particular, the eurozone crisis countries. the usa, southeast asia, and growth economies are important here. from that point of view, this cannot be taken as a signal that the eurozone crisis is over. while the eurozone crisis may not be over, the head of the european central bank, mario draghi, sees positive signs according to statements he made in davos. >> the level of activity is in the process of stabilizing at very low levels. we foresee a recovery in the
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second part of the year. >> there will still be some time before the effects of the reforms spread to european businesses as well. >> traders liked the results of the latest business report. dorothy sent us this report from the frankfurt stock exchange. them and good news traders have been waiting for. the market gained momentum. traders now believe in the strong rebound in the first quarter. there were also positive signs from the eurozone banking sector. banks are going to pay back earlier than expected. but the largest german solar group cannot pay back its debt any more and ask donors for a fare cut. share price collapsed 30%. >> let's get a closer look at those market numbers for you now.
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we will stick in frankfurt where there was a rally for the dax. it gained nearly 1.5% there, hitting a five-year high. the euro stocks 50 also got a bump on the day. in new york, trading is still under way for the dow jones industrial average, and the positive momentum continues on the back of some strong earnings from the likes of procter and gamble and starbucks. euro-dollar is trending higher, trading for $1.347 know. have not seen it there in a while. >> a lot of green there. >> speaking of strong earnings, good news for apple rival samsung. it beat expectations, bringing a record 6.6 billion euros in profit in the fourth quarter. >> the new numbers were largely thanks to sales of its property galaxy -- popular galaxy line of smartphone. samsung is powering ahead, managing to ship 63 million smartphones worldwide, putting it well ahead of apple's iphone.
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despite the record-breaking quarter, samsung expects sales to taper off in 2013. >> strikes have continued at dusseldorf and cologne airport, causing a second day of flight cancellations and heavy delays. >> long lines formed at check-in areas while around 170 flights have been canceled so far. on thursday, august 2 hundred flights were canceled here the trade union is demanding a pay raise for staff at the airports, but try as i said to continue into friday evening. >> back to my part of the world. if it is not drought, it is the rains and floods. and a trillion teenager and his rescue had a dramatic escape in queensland. >> the boy was found clinging to a tree. his rescuer got him back to the river bank, but he was swept further downstream before reaching safety himself. very dramatic images there.
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>> at times, i think i am lucky to be here. thank you very much for watching the "journal" here on dw. we've got a lot more coming up. stay with us.
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>> welcome back. germany's defense ministry has come under criticism for its plan to push ahead with plans to buy on drums. >> this is a highly sensitive issue in germany, but the military says the defense could protect troops more effectively on military missions abroad. >> critics say it could steer
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the country into legally unethical territory. >> they can carry high- resolution cameras, bombs, and missiles. they can be controlled from the other side of the planet, launching deadly assaults without risk to the operator. the german government has reportedly not yet given the go- ahead to any combat drums, but the german defense ministry has raised eyebrows by calling their use ethically neutral. >> i would like to repeat our position that essentially, a weapon system is not unethical in itself. that is, unless it is a weapon that is generally despised such as a cluster bomb or biological agent. >> the u.s. has long considered combat drones essential for taking on taliban and al qaeda forces in an accessible regions in afghanistan, pakistan, and
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yemen. but given the number of innocent civilians killed by unmanned u.s. drones, the german government is under pressure to justify why it needed these weapons to carry out targeted killings. >> that's a good question. more on this with our correspondent at our parliamentary studios. why is germany considering this? >> the government itself and the military in germany say that these weapons are very precise, and they enable the armed forces to attack rapidly and precisely. there is, of course, more to it than that. they are also a lot cheaper than, for example, fighter jets. the army is going through restructuring at the moment. it has budget cuts, and it is also in need of reauthorization. britain, of course, has armed jones. it will use them in afghanistan. italy, which has already
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reconnaissance drones, is going to upgrade them. there's also some talk of a european combined program. >> this was touched on in the report. our civilian deaths the reason this is so controversial? >> certainly among the general population, that is a main concern. it is because they are associated by many people with the attacks, of course, in afghanistan by the u.s. forces using drones against the taliban, but military experts say that this is actually a misconception, that drones are very precise. they say the fact that there have been high civilian casualties -- well, they do not admit that there were high civilian casualties, but they say that if there were, it is not because of the imprecision of drones, it is because of the asymmetrical nature of a conflict against a guerrilla group. that, of course, is also the case in gaza where armed drones
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are being used by the israelis. it is a problem, of course, that if you have an asymmetrical war where terrorists are mixing with the civilian population, you will have very probably high civilian casualties whatever weapons you use. >> thank you very much for the analysis. later in the show, the architectural challenges of bridging the past with the future. >> but first, these stories in brief. u.s. senator dianne feinstein has begun a push to ban military-style assault weapons. the bill would ban semi- automatic guns and high capacity ammunition clips in the united states. president obama vowed to tighten gun control after a man killed 20 children and six adults in a shooting in connecticut. >> a court in the u.s. has jailed american man for 35 years for his role in the 2008 mumbai attacks. he admitted to selecting targets for the attacks in which 166
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people were killed. he avoided the death penalty after cooperating with u.s. authorities. >> mudslides have killed at least six people in ecuador. the disaster hit a gold mining community in the south of the country after hours of torrential rain. several homes were buried in mud slide. in berlin, the world's biggest agricultural fair is in full swing. international grain week attracts thousands of exhibitors and people keen to know the latest in a world of food. the public in general is becoming more picky about what they buy, and you cannot blame them after all the food scandals in recent years. >> today's shopper wants it all -- the right color, size, shape, and flavor. products on the shelves of modern-day supermarkets have just a few seconds to grab the buyer's attention. it is as much about appealing to intuition and new trends as
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anything else. the food industry is eager to know what motivates shoppers to buy and what consumers know about food. we went to the green wheat food exhibition to find out more. >> the most important thing is quality. that's all that matters. beninese something fresh a bit more often -- >> maybe something fresh in bit more often. >> meat is always a popular choice. vegetarian is hip, but meat is here to stay. we want to feel good about the food we eat. how should live a good life, after all. at least until it is time for the slaughter. that drives food costs up, but does it make it healthier, too? nutrition experts are not too concerned. >> you can eat healthy with most types of food. the real question is how often do you make bad choices about
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what you eat? but there are not in the general rules about what should not be on your plate. >> for years, people have been buying organic food because they thought it was healthier, but it has just as many calories and fat as normal supermarket products. the only difference is that fewer chemicals are used in its production, and that can confuse consumers. drinking coffee was long considered to be bad for you, but scientists now say it could actually help you. coffee drinkers have lower risk of diabetes, for example. two liters of water a day was also considered a must, but that, too, turns out to be a myth. >> o course you should drink when you're thirsty, but you do not have to drink all day long. >> and what about the enemy of every diet -- fat?
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for years, people were told they should cut the fat if they wanted to cut their weight, but that is necessary for a healthy metabolism, and, of course, it tastes good, too. than in many think they should not enjoy the food that they eat if they really want to eat healthy, but that is not true. it is possible to eat healthy food and enjoy it. >> these people are clearly impressed. we are constantly bombarded by suggestions for healthier eating. at the same time, we want to try new things, be it begin food, regional specialities, or protein-rich while plants. if what we eat tastes good, so much the better. >> a quick update now from the world of tennis and the men's semifinal at the australian open in melbourne. >> north dakota mary beat roger feder in a high-quality victory
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in five sets. he goes through to play the world no. 1 in sunday's final -- andy murray beat roger federer. >> this was architect has won an award for his work and in the old and new of a german castle -- a swiss architect. >> the castle ruins in heidelberg are a landmark and a historical document. every year, tens of thousands of tourists come to see it, and they pass through the new entrants designed by architect to decided against modern steel and concrete in favor of the region's warm sandstone. a modern touch in a city that proudly displays its heritage. >> i think that when you are working in such places, it is important to be aware of what your building on and how you can continue to thousand years of
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building work. >> his latest success is here at hamburg castle, a symbol of the german democracy movement of 1832. he is extended the building using clear lines and restrained proportions of the exterior. inside, the architect has mixed cherry wood frames with furniture of his own design. it is a harmonious blend of old and new. the swiss-born architect says he was not intimidated by the castle's historic meeting for germany. >> of live in berlin since 1976. i am as chairman as suisse. i am a european. i did not really ever questioned weather a swiss% -- whether this was person could build something for the cradle of german democracy. >> the jury brings the way his new constructions blend into the existing site. it is a respectful extension of
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the little-known rhine valley. >> it is hard enough putting the blazes, but firefighters in chicago have been battling fire and ice on a warehouse. >> days after fire crews thought they had put the fire out, the flames have rekindled, but the ongoing cold snap is causing havoc at the site. hydrants and hoses are freezing up, and fire officials are concerned that the weight of the eyes could cause the warehouse to collapse. quickly recapping our top story, thousands of people have filled tahrir square on the second anniversary of the revolution that toppled hosni mubarak. >> protesters complain that the revolution goals have not been realized and are calling for the new president to step down. there have been clashes reported in parts of the city and around the country. >> thank you for tuning in. stay with us. we'll be back at the top of the
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next hour -- i will be, at least. >> we will see you next time. captioned by the national captioning institute


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