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tv   Journal  PBS  June 20, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> hello and welcome to the "journal" here on dw. >> our headlines for you at this hour -- mass protests in brazil continue to grow despite concessions from the government. >> the number of refugees worldwide tops 45 million. >> after days of sweltering temperatures, severe storms hit her many -- germany. thanks for joining us for the "journal." authorities in brazil are bracing themselves for another night of clashes as protests continue across the country.
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their u-turn on planned increases to metro fares seems to have failed to calm tension. >> hundreds of thousands of protesters say they want change instead of political corruption and for public services. >> commuters into rio de janeiro were happy to see bus pairs that to their previous level -- bus fares back to their previous level. >> the demonstration was effective, necessary, and showed results because we are now paying the old fair -- fare. the government should not have waited for the protests to lower their fares. >> despite the move to row back on the fare increase, demonstrators continue the protest, such as here on the outskirts every oh. their list of grievances has grown. many are upset about the billions being spent to prepare
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for next year's soccer world cup as well as widespread corruption. >> this is not just because of a fare hike. this is for our rights. the people woke up. the bus fare hike was just a moment of awakening. now we are fighting for better healthcare, security, and education. we are tired. this is the time to fight. we've had enough of the injustice. >> i want education. i want good hospitals and not a football stadium, for god's sake. >> hundreds of thousands of people are expected to join the protests in some 80 cities, including rio de janeiro. >> there seems to be a lot of pent-up anger, directed more towards what is at the root of -- explain to us what is at the root of the protests. >> it's a country with high taxes and a crumbling infrastructure, and many people here blame that on the politicians, say that
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corruption has resulted in very little progress in the supposed improvements in infrastructure here. also, inflation over the last year or so is definitely creeping up, so things like the rise in the bus fares were very much noted by the people. meanwhile, brazil is showing off to the world, saying "look at us." is about to host the world cup next year and the olympics in 2016, and that is what pushed people over the edge. saying, "hang on, things are not quite as bright as the government is portraying. >> it certainly does not look peaceful. >> most of the protests here and the demonstrations have been peaceful. in fact, the demonstrators have been really keen, the majority of them, to try to keep that. otherwise, they feel the whole
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thing will collapse. on the fringes of this, there's definitely been islands on the part of protesters and a pretty heavy-handed tactic on the part of the police. the government is in a very, very difficult situation. the protesters have this wide range of accusations against the government, but nothing specific, really, apart from the bus fares that the government can respond to. the president has even said he largely agrees with the demonstrators, so a rather unusual state of affairs here where everyone seems to agree with everyone but there does not seem to be any progress. >> very quickly, before you mentioned soccer's world cup. how big will the impact be on brazil? >> it could be bad news for brazil. it is going to use the world cup to launch itself on the world stage, and at the protesters feel they have a chance to give a very different message, then they are going to do that.
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>> to the middle east now, and the palestinian prime minister has thrown in the towel after just two weeks on the job. >> has handed in his resignation. he's reportedly stepping down because of a conflict over his authority. it's unclear whether president abbess -- abbas will accept his resignation. the united nations now says that over 45 million people have been displaced around the world. the main reasons -- war, poverty, and religious persecution. >> it's the result of the biggest rising global refugees since 1990 four, and serious is a big contributor. the united nations contributor says one million syrians are expected to pour into neighboring jordan by the end of this year alone. >> these syrians have made it to safety.
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after months of civil war, they have finally arrived in jordan. this can't -- cap -- camp has been their refuge. >> we left the cousins the bombings and murders. they are killing everyone in sight. when others stay behind, i came here with my mother and sisters. >> they are hoping for a better and safer life. jordan has an open door policy, but authorities theyreaching th. tents are overcrowded. clothing, food, water are all in short supply. .'s neighbors need help to cope with the tide of refugees. the united nations says the international community must do more. >> is becoming a threat to the peace and stability in this region. that's why i think it is important that the world unites in supporting countries like jordan, lebanon, turkey, iraq,
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by receiving these refugees. >> already, many refugees are being turned away. they are left stranded at the border. >> we reached the border, but we are sent back. we do not know when they will lead us through. >> he and his family are stuck in a war zone, hoping they will live to see the day when jordan has room for them, too. lex germany has agreed to step in and help supplies some of those refugee camps in jordan. they have pledged 160 5 million euros to pay for food, clothing, and tents. they also agreed to pay give asylum to an additional 5000 refugees -- they also agreed to give asylum to an additional 5000 refugees. >> germany is one of the world 's leading countries when it comes to taking in refugees. last year, it was home to nearly 6000 asylum seekers, many of whom have come to make a permanent move. >> let's take a look at a group of refugees setting up new lines in germany. >> it is still early morning, but this raw sensing center for asylum seekers is already packed.
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people come from places like serial, afghanistan, and molly -- mali. the first step on the road to a -- registering with him and immigration seekers. asylum-seekers must turn over the passport, give their name, date of birth, and have a photograph taken. the data is exchanged with european authorities to check if the applicant has already applied for asylum in other eu countries. new arrivals receive three euros and $.56 a day and pocket money and housing for three days while awaiting processing. we find out that the taliban astroid is home and business and threatened his life -- destroyed his home and business. he has asked us to hide his identity. >> i've lost everything. i do not have anything left in
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pakistan. i want germany to help me. >> they guide applicants through their first days in germany. many of the center's employees come from vibrant centers themselves. >> our employees are multilingual. it's important or as to be able to communicate in several languages. we need to be able to speak to the people here and listen to their problems. that lets us help them through the application process. >> but dortmund is only the first stop. after three days, asylum- seekers board a bus bound for their new home for the next several weeks. a former army base nearby. around 500 people from 30 nations are currently waiting in the compound, surrounded by barbed wire and high walls. it's one of just 20 similar facilities throughout germany.
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for many, life at the base is better and safer than in their home countries. the temporary residents include this family who were forced to flee from air and with a 15- year-old daughter. they say life in iran became too dangerous. >> we converted from islam to christianity. and iran, you are called an infidel for doing that. it's punishable by death. >> the family are still waiting on a decision from german authorities. more than half of all applications are rejected. many asylum-seekers are motivated by financial concerns and do not fear for their safety. that means their hopes of starting a new life in germany wants to become a reality. >> coming up, our global media for him had had climate change in focus today. >> first, a look at some of the other stories making headlines
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around the world. >> in lebanon, protesters have clashed with riot police in the capital beirut. hundreds of people attempted to march on parliament to protest against efforts by lawmakers to extend the term of the legislature by 18 months. violence erupted after security forces blocked the way. >> the germany security minister has paid a visit to troops in northern afghanistan. germany will continue to support the country even after troops have left. >> the u.s. government has admitted to using drones inside its own borders. the fbi director told the senate judiciary committee that drones are used for surveillance but only on occasions and under exceptional circumstances. the revelations add new fuel to
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the controversy over domestic spying in the u.s. >> over the past few years, we have seen destructive hurricanes and catastrophic flooding across the globe. these extreme weather occurrences can lead to devastating poverty and famine. >> reacting to climate change is one of the goals at the world ranked for him here in berlin. the president of the world ranked has warned of the alarming consequences of global warming is not tackled properly. he's calling on world leaders to the issue more seriously. >> chancellor angela merkel was on a tight schedule at the world bank for them in berlin. she used the time she had to join the bank president and calling on governments to do more to fight climate change. >> people often say the cost of taking action is too high, but we cannot forget what will happen if we do not take action. we must consider that.
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>> the consequences of climate change are already being seen. droughts are becoming more common in parts of africa, and up to 40% of fields could disappear in coming decades. both merkel and kim are convinced the world must take action to reduce emission levels and lower energy consumption if the worst is to be avoided. >> in southeast asia, we think and scientists tell us that the sea level rises will be 10% to 15% higher than in the rest of the world. this means that rank, manila, ho chi minh city, calcutta could be underwater. >> chancellor merkel is calling on the united nations to form a new commission to coordinate international efforts to stave off climate change's worst side effects. >> authorities in singapore have
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urged people to remain indoors as the country experiences its worst smog levels on record. >> the noxious haze blanketing the city's skyscrapers is the result of fires in neighboring indonesia. singapore's prime minister says the smog may last for weeks. and american actor james gandolfini is dead at the age of 51. >> the star actor was pronounced dead in rome where he was on holiday with his family. at family friend said he suffered an apparent heart attack in his hotel room. >> the actor was best known for playing be conducted mafia boss tony soprano -- the conflicted mafia boss tony soprano. the role won him three him he awards in the show's six seasons. we have a lot more news coming your way. stay tuned. >> back in just over one minute
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from now.
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"dialogue thank -- >> thank you for staying with us. the european union's budget plans have suffered an impact. the main groups in the european parliament have turned down a deal that 27 eu countries came up with back in february. >> it covers the next seven years and was meant to take effect in 2014. the budget was also among the topics discussed by euro zone finance ministers at a meeting in luxembourg on wednesday. they have also been trying to reach consensus on banking reforms as well as possible changes to a risk to package or cyprus. -- a rescue package for cyprus. >> what exactly is holding up agreement on the eu budget? >> well, there are still some
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questions open, such as the european parliament wants more flexibility. it also wants its own source of running, but i think the main problem holding up the negotiations is that the atmosphere of the negotiations is totally poisoned. members of parliament are very angry because the irish presidency yesterday announced that there is an agreement where members of parliament signaled that they are not yet ready to agree to a deal. now, they say they feel blackmailed. a member of the delegation even resigned from his post. all in all, they are very angry. if it was the strategy at the irish presidency to put pressure on the parliament to come to agreement, i think this strategy totally backfired, and now it's even worse than before. lex what if there is no routine? what are the consequences?
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>> for the moment, it is not dramatic. there is still time to negotiate. even in the worst case, if there was no deal, it would not be a total drama. but it would be more problematic and having a multiannual framework because then they would have to have a very general and principled discussion every year. i think it is in the interests of all sides to compromise, and it might come, as it always is in european politics, at the last minute. lex thank you very much. -- >> thank you very much. still to come, the comments from denver and sparked a major market selloff as well as reaction from frankfurt. first turn our attention to iraq. >> elections have been postponed due to security concerns into provinces, but
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that only delayed the attacks on polling stations today that left two policemen dead. the polls are seen as a key gauge of opinion ahead of next year's general elections. >> parts of baghdad testify to the ongoing violence here. this is a mainly shiite area. alms have been going off every day ahead of the elections. while the economy and iraq's kurdish north is booming, there is still no reliable power supply in baghdad. tangled cables apply electricity. he sewage system is ruined and streets and houses are in dire need of repair. that would mean work if it were for the -- if there went out for the constant violence. >> every time a device explodes, it takes work away from us for a week or two. no one comes to buy supplies. i have a family to feed. lex in the first round of provincial elections, the alliance prevailed, but it
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garnered fewer votes than the previous poll. there was voting in sunni regions that do discriminate against by the government, but many say it's not even about the sectarian conflict. it's just feuding politicians. >> i hope the elections bring change. there are no jobs. there's no electricity. i hope it gets better. >> at iraqi society is hobbled. although the people of iraq were able to cast ballots on thursday, they are not optimistic. >> markets have plunged after the u.s. federal reserve chairman said the central bank could and bond purchases next year if the economy strengthens and unemployment falls in line with forecasts. >> of course, in the long term, the forecasts are good news, since the markets are used to and some say addicted to the flow of cheap money from the fed's massive bond buying
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program, the announcement was interpreted as a signal or investors to sell. let's take a look at the market. >> the day tracks heard -- the date traders in frankfurt had been fearing. federal chair -- federal reserve chairman said the days of cheap money were numbered. >> he said the bond purchases that are worth 85 billion u.s. dollars a month at the moment will be cut only when unemployment falls to 6.5%. it's currently at 7.5%, seven point eight percent, so that could take a while. >> especially given that markets expect bernanke to step down early next year, and leave the hard job of drawing down the stimulus to his successor. the fed is expecting the u.s. economy to begin gathering steam, but there is no sign among investors that they agree. for now, what matters to them
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is help from central banks. >> it is not a pretty picture, but let's take a closer look at thursday's market figures anyway kissing off -- no, let's call it kicking off in frankfurt. look at that, down by 30.3%. a lot of damage in just one day. u.s. stocks falling by nearly four percent. across the atlantic at this hour, the dow trading down by nearly 2.4%. the euro also giving up ground to the greenback, trading at a value of $1.3 207. >> is a mammoth trial ended bid to shed light on what german prosecutors say is a neo-nazi group responsible for murdering at least 10 people. most of the victims with immigrant backgrounds. >> today, when defendant -- one defendant identified as carsten s. took the stand again. he has already confessed to having supplied the guns.
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>> the testimony lasted eight days. so far, he's the only person being tried who has agreed to give evidence to the court, answering questions from judges and lawyers. now it is finally over. >> it was a marathon. he dealt with it, and he wanted to deal with it. we just let him talk. i think one could see that he always tried his best, but there were also points when he had trouble getting the words out. his testimony may help authorities uncover other crimes by the neo-nazi group. he said a codefendant told him about yet another nsu murder committed in 2000. he gave details about an unsolved bomb attack from 1999. the prosecution says the testimony will be enough to prove that the main diff ended in the trial played a key role in the group -- the main defendant in the trial.
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>> it's important we lay a strong foundation for our charge against her. the most important, like we said, is that she was a leader in the group, not a lower-level member. >> the court starts examining evidence on monday. before that, the court will hear testimony from policemen about the murder of a turkish tailor back in 2001. ->> more severe weather is on its way from germany. meteorologists are even warning of tornadoes. >> violent storms have already hit parts of the north, and that after emergency crews spent parts of the last fortnight battling floods. >> other parts of europe are also hard hit. >> the situation has been especially dire in the. he's in the southwest of france. there has been torrential rain. several roads were swept away. three people lost their lives and the flooding. in northern spain, water from
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overflowing rivers also caused heavy damage. hundreds of people had to be rescued. the water destroyed homes, roads, and bridges. northern germany experienced its own severe weather, causing damage in many areas. trees were toppled. lightning damage property and basements and tunnels flooded. emergency crews needed hours to get the situation under control. and it is probably not over yet. forecasters say more heavy weather is on the way, possibly even tornadoes. >> german publishers and booksellers association has awarded its annual peace prize to a writer from belarus. >> the prize jury dubbed the 65- year-old the moral conscience of the former soviet union. her story is about these opiate afghan war and the general nuclear disaster that landed her in a lot of trouble at home. >> svetlana has never been
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afraid of tackling charged topics. her short stories and literary collages, the record from belarus is often exposed the living conditions of people kept out of sight in the former soviet union. her book was a highly acclaimed oral history. her own parents lived in the contamination zone for 10 years. >> it's all my personal experience with my own history. it's the story of my life tom and not just my own perspective that has led me to focus on tragic rings. >> she studied journalism and became a respected authority in the former soviet union. her very first book touch on the experiences of women in the second world war. it shed light on very different aspects of the conflict.
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>> unlike men, women do not tend to see war in terms of heroes. for them, war is madness. even world war room and two, which from our perspective, was a just war -- even world war ii. >> the german book trade association chose her for this year's peace prize for her dedication in the face of attempts by belarus to stifle her voice. >> tanks for joining us. >> more news for you at the top of the hour. captioned by the national captioning institute ññuqñuuñññññx
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welcome to "newsline." it's friday, june 21st. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. investors headed into work not sure of the kind of day they would have. they watched colleagues on wall street struggle through one of the worst days in months. traders started fretting when policy makers suggested they could reduce economic stimulus later this year. the average tumbled more than 350 points. the federal reserve had fuelled gapes for months investing billions to get more money 234r0eing through the


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