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tv   Global 3000  PBS  November 20, 2013 4:30am-5:01am PST

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thousand ways to lie face down to what it really means to you and me on to the report on some of the ideas that make us well just a lil bit to get a taste of what we have coming up fee while there are other things and why so many cubans still grounded. hearing the legacy of war how women in oz defuse bombs dropped decades ago
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the deficit into a forest in tips and weigh less than one in st into it. now for my easter has still not exactly what it feels like when bono stolen from one day to another gentleman looked into and country. southerly at least in theory the well to deal with that. now that all of my travel restrictions on cubans was never going to be back for the band and will kind of moment. i don't pay packet to be surprised at how the claims that the number of trips made abroad has risen by about the fact that officials of the cagey about how the figure breaks down we spoke to cubans who wasn't into it and its new freedom and found that there is still plenty of strings attached the bb in a mood still unbearable thirty degrees is the best time to work out. the robotics is affordable. on the outskirts of a downer. the diocese more to a god who comes to the studio three times a week so to all you do tennis and
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sylvia rodrigues. apart from the workout. the three women share injury. although always been taught to travel assisted in foreign countries and cultures. i can't even sleep at least i do. nancy. what did i want to see as much as possible cubans are curious yes i want to leave for good because of political front the time of cuba. i need to get out and see other countries. with typical hospital place. he notices has two brand new passports issued to her and her boyfriend. twenty six year old studied tourism but hasn't found a job in the industry. when president road cars strewn ground and cubans the right to travel this year she started dreaming and now she's one manicure away from her first ever trip abroad. religious in the bahamas water and air ticket. let us not only am i we have an only child of a deal to learn a lot about international tourism island
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in the home is a lot. can you stand for my career here in cuba. i often see on a mentality. visitors from different countries christensen sensitivities now it's a simple coincidence that the cia. no cubans can be tourists themselves at least if they can afford to. most of it not been able to venture far even on their own island. going anywhere costs money and travel abroad requires documents passports visas tickets to dilute don't have connections abroad have little chance of going anywhere. i needed says her savings will just get into downtown abandoned. am i will get an epidural went in it most humans would like to travel. i stayed up one hundred dollars for a passport so i don't know when i'll be over two years. if you don't get a work permit or have family abroad. stay
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cheerful and a passport is used to get the big guy you'll also note. judy is an invitation but she's still here. she'd love to take her daughter and granddaughter to the us for his son is married to an american. the couple would pay for the flight. yet received official permission the four cuban citizens can leave the country they have to give the reason for their trip to officials and the sign on the application you'll see twenty one on line sixty four years old the night never been abroad my only new cuban. it only got another interview this month even if they turn me down again. i suppose i'll never make it to the us. and that of the coast. which gets you over the florida straits ron and carol was a cuban vacation paradise. this may look like just another luxury hotel. but it's more invited arrow. cuba has built
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the biggest arena in the care of best restaurants boutiques and twelve hundred slips including works from abouts. so far only ten are taken. despite their supposed freedom trouble cubans are not yet allowed to travel by boat. these facilities just a two hour boat ride to miami are designed for well heeled americans. but due to the fifty three year old us trade embargo american voters can come yet. what was said that the dignity and took a plate of the day cooking naturally we hope to see about some countries in the entire carribean region come here goal including those from the united states when they take the necessary steps of them more than welcome to club moved to know what the fall. human appears to be preparing for the end of the heated trade embargo raul castro was announced economic reforms and even conducted surveys of what cubans want most. travel topped the list. at the same
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time the number of foreign visitors to cuba has stagnated. that is banking on mass tourism from america until the island's new hotels local police to put humor is currently creating an enormous capacity for visitors to arguing. it pays off the island has many sides to it. not new but it could be put to use in a new way the island has enormous potential. well it's been all in all. it feels as if the gold rush is broken down on the carribean island political reforms are slowly changing the face of cuba farmers can now sell their own vegetables on the streets while others are buying up run down properties and restoring them to open fancy restaurants or hotels. most cubans have yet to profit from the change in spirit you have seen a chance they can
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see. most of them is going or hotspots can already be found in the travel guides. one of the most popular polygon is in the city is located in a century old mansion in the city center. ramadan is the word used to describe privately owned restaurants and since the government legalized such private enterprises some cubans have even returned to the country a story to know and i'm a hopeless optimist. if i want to profit from cuba's transformation i have to be here now with fabric and i sense that the economy in my native country was opening up and offers new opportunities from there. this development continues. i want to be a part of its own professor from people looking for him the union is curl up in this house now he's making money here. this restaurant is open to tourists every night. it's true that with him into
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the embargo visitor numbers which jumped from three to ten million a year. cuba will certainly see further changes until that happens the people of nevada who can't afford a table in the new fall and honest we'll have to make do with this economic mess. the more i will stop swiped off the bones outbound in most of the wild. what makes sense that excesses that exploded to thousands of mini bombs about the fat of these devices didn't go off thinking that the legacy one after they hit the ground forty one countries are affected worldwide. it brought vietnam cambodia and laos suffer the greatest density of unexpected costs a bomb. in the hidden war the americans dropped two hundred and seventy million of them one blouse and nine the life of a tennis ball these phones look like playthings to children that's why so many mamas are involved in defusing them and not meet some of the greatest women in the wild. swimming
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one pc and their families for the next three weeks. now they're pushing heavy equipment and preparing for a highly explosive mission their workplaces in my toe has been contaminated with bombs for four decades. their job is to find the unexploded munitions. a british aid organization recruited to women and treated them to the members of a bomb disposal unit. that lady once i've assembled mine detector and start work forget that you can sell and i'm doing this for the safety of my countrymen know what kind of want to find as many homes as possible but still i the final operational tests the detector kicks in at the right moment. that's the mind searches life
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insurance. my niece yes it's that will form a new team she shows is attached to me a diffuse across iraq the us dropped two hundred seventy million such devices over laos during the vietnam war around a third failed to explode. now they lie buried and could get to me at anytime. i hope that's no coincidence that we're an all woman team and i'm convinced that we have better instincts than i ever acted on their strengths. i think this is a town that we do better. i have a phone call i was and i need. the women's search the bomb infested area along the marked lanes. it doesn't take long for the first detective sounds off. sawyer was cleared centimeter by
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centimeter. one wrong move a sudden vibration and a bomb could explode. now it's the expertise of team leader many skeptics required securing the device is her job. the only one. she allows her to take a quick look at the bar. there was very quiet about atheism. alas when i stand in front of the palm islands have to think of my son. i've learned to identify the different types and stand and sit at home i explained to him how to explode and tell him leaning over again never to touch them home with emma will kneel before the camp in oven. this crater in the rice paddies a scar left over from the vietnam war. us forces complex for nine years. now forty years later unexploded devices still like it and across the country in the flds and even in villages. bryce
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started on dawn has been dependent on the help of his young daughters for three years now. he hosted the two of cluster bomb. on a cold morning the twenty six euro stood at thi exact spot like an open pit fighter his wife and childrewere in the house when suddenly there was some loud explosion and the bomb lead directly to me to fire pit. look at all in the middle splinters hit me everywhere i chanced my eye is and hand stamped in them. it's very hard for me look i'm a little of everything it's cheney said that at last. where in the rice fields anymore to see what my family like everyone else live in ireland it's now up to his wife's hometown and his father to see the entire family. every year hundreds of people are wounded and maimed by cluster
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bombs in us. dozens are healed. often the victims are children who mistake to give the ball for towing. bomb disposal expert mind the cia has learned to handle the danger. to date no one on her team has been injured the sound of the detector has become her constant companion. he takes a short break every hour. then for ten minutes the sound of laughter rings out over the minefield. he added. all bad. i haven't packed yet. of course it's hard work and it's dangerous counted yet when we tell each other funny stories during their breaks and we laugh alot and trying to forget about the problems for women. then then then the model and in panic i get it out yet the people of laos with the legacy of the war as best
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they can. remnants of the conflict are everywhere garden fence or a pillar for a home. the debris of war is given rise to an entire industry. maven and his mother to a recycled aluminum parts of the palms for civilian use. they get the raw material from the local scrap dealer. they melted down and molded into scoops. they make a decent living from the productioof their bombs and the family sells them at markets and exports them even to the us foolproof they keep it going a will cut down at him i know parents told me that it once range bombs all over here. billy decided to make use of all this crap. first recast students construct a one and now we make them for the whole world. right now the bomb disposal team heads to access many carries
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plastic explosives to their clientsthe other team members actually the animals and worn looking. tharea the key. en the cia places the plastic explosives on the cluster bombs. her colleague lisa hughes the lack of momentum with only nine trained to do something challenging. this is only for me to help my country get rid of the old bones. i never want to see anything like that again. yet you'll find the help that is iffywhen the cia isow home on a minefield. we also have to move back the countdown for the controlled explosion is on the net. a small triumphs but it'll take another century for laos to the story
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of the lethal legacy of war that pretty much defines been great to me that not so conventions with an idea that could help millions of people around the world. i can show you the most heinous thing that everyone know about it oakland has invented the system to get people colossus that just one dollar his award winning concept will make millions of people see properly again. the truly global mind i miss box contains an entire optician workshop. my keen golfer who has acted with the equipment needed to make a pair of glasses. the device or bending the wire is the part of his intention. within days anyone can learn to make and take classes the aim is for local people in developing countries to produce the classes themselves
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because it's really about the cost and can cost more than a dollar so that people are just a dollar a day to live on can afford. it also was to be robust. mrs michael weller jenna growth through spring steel wire. what a contender without breaking the glass until pasta is my studio and sat on it would break off that it is kaput the lens grinder is the only part that needs electricity but it can also be powered by a car battery. many african villages have no electricity. for the past eighteen months. in the mood has been training teams. we take the optician skipped diligence. the project got off to a good start in uganda where the eclipse five hundred people with glasses in just two weeks. children who now have a chance to succeed in school and grownups whose livelihoods depend on a pair of glasses this was this woman she was here so she was a seamstress but could no longer a threat or needle so she didn't have
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any work anymore. but with my fist at the open six hideously five six seven people in the family and honor him. this so she was happy to get a pair of glasses for dollar. so should you go back to work. now i can often. boxes of old glasses. this is how aid organizations have tried to help people before einstein put it almost impossible to find a match and retreating trains with new lenses is expensive. i'll quote is trying an alternative with his team he's got ready made polycarbonate lenses. they range from minus six two classic style. nor is it that the recent rise in articles one on and holding different lenses in front of the other until they find the one corrects divisions the specified own is done after both sides to get the glasses that since decided to raise the price of it all started going off the cuff. finally the frames are customized with beach
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monte del smart idea has received several awards. his goal is to help everyone on the planet and the ice on the and if the arabs that i did let us know about it. it remains caught up in political time of the difficult road to democracy is taking its toll on the economy as well despite all this political uncertainty that some effort to tiny green technology then local scientists has teamed up with expats from dummy to find a way to group trains ended as this. using treat it so it's strange but true to his health wet. you all. i am. my knees into inhospitable terrain the forest has sprung here are miraculously it is not due yet. two hours drive from cairo. today workers are
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planting and pine streets florence is a research collaboration between egyptian and german scientists. on one hand you have the advantage over places like germany. just know when to tear it into a growth on the premises on the other hand we have some very fast growing species available locally. like eucalyptus. so altogether we have some very impressive growth is provided of course there's enough water. indeed if it doesn't fall from the sky. so it needs to be pumped to get treats. i am content is one of the creative minds behind the project. the egyptian born forestry scientist who works at munich technical university. he does and teaches several times here to cancel the project the new irrigation don't mind without them all the trees were done
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and that's giving him all the water comes from the nearby sewage treatment plants. using the chemical and biological processes. he cleans the wastewater from his hernia the local purification would cost them more. this week some nitrogen compounds like mike street screaming in the water. in fact have the perfect fertilizer for trees. some thompson's me remain. we ended the day yet. the dense concentration of heavy metals is extremely low he coaches his urban sewage and industrial center. and when to let some other areas is a mix of urban and industrial sewage which is harder to treat them in later canceled the addition of lhasa the water isn't clean enough to guarantee edible plants but it's certainly sufficient for building our square one. in addition the forest protection against stanford and generates johnson needed in rural areas and it stores climate damaging ceo to emissions. he
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did not have a funk and forestry authority. less than zero point one percent of the country kitchen with it the scientists hope to change them. organized training sessions for each action forestry workers with them but the new expertise isn't going to be implemented. this is the smith the poems are about to hear from my career was cut by workers here for your work. to his unkind but they cut out wrong. the guys are bad example the undrafted in use could see mature. this management most of the management has to improve the gauntlet. we offer training air for the workers so they know best to cut the trees. unconnected says he has a lot of persuading to do in the capital. the people in charge in cairo are only just beginning to realize the potential that lies in the desert which after all covers ninety seven percent of the country's area. land
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is becoming increasingly scarce in egypt. due to rapid population growth. to claim that population with mortar is becoming more and more challenging. the end it was a good idea. we're under a lot of pressure at the moment will bow the knee as well so some ethiopia wants to build another dam in the know me you will see him at a gig at the twenty odd for us that would mean less water arriving in egypt. what was that it was either me a whack we need to find new ways to see or recycle water. these fires start excellent example of the types of guns and deal with recycled water the admin of the body of a feat that the german government supports the german in teaching research project with the two hundred sixty thousand euro grant. also pays for a student exchange program the foreign content
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to do kept afloat mainly through state financing. i'm tempted to leave the desert forest could be an economic powerhouse in its own right if you would think oh i dunno may be worthwhile to continue a four station to make it economically viable it often connotes. otherwise we can achieve sustainability the odyssey. that's why we're also planning a malleable what are you. if that were improving the forestry management to achieve those goals. olga it's cute too. many questions need to be explored click play to preserve the most suited to the environment. and what's the most attentive irrigation system. but one thing is already clear. thanks to the intense sunlight and the many nutrients and waste water trees here grow four times faster than in germany a boy. paul. well there
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the german students are in christ. it might look around everything here was desert it's astonishing that you can really create a population of trees in the desert. there are many regions similar social and climatic conditions. this really has the potential to be an exemplary project for other regions. two hundred forty hectares have been reclaimed from the desert and it may be just the beginning. in the upcoming year is more than five hundred thousand hectares of dance. it's phenomenal forests. oh wait you might call it and that was this week's edition of below three thousand i have to give me some ideas of how whitney the plan fizzled there's not much to say. you can find plenty of online if you like this instead. thanks alot to come bye bye. winning
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is now six pm the time when you're watching it in years i bet it would welcome the european gentle coming to you from dw stadium in brussels. but the week's top headlines. this is awesome and makes the news. on the air and online the globally minded audience do. use. use. to do. father i meet a couple jill and john daly. they plan to retire they went to the beat
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thailand among many many places they say well this is the place. i'm very end of the baum there have been off with the doha round. here are all winter they each can all be looking to build on what's in those doubts. strange also missing something. well miss something. and about two to having a social formation six reinstated so that's why tyler. the case of jail. what happened to her. she was rescued dogs and she got out of material and intellectual both legs written about. i'm a couple of years later. um well the setting was intentional. somebody helping themselves to. most of such a tragic tale. i laughed about that informs main accomplishments mention it in silence. she was named the occasion of the year was the first person than on stage. to be a sure thing. i
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really big thing. a really special person. i mean when you see her. i mean it's borrow books you want to remember. she went to the time to retire. now you know that's that's good that's her new life coming and it's a person that you see the image that is if a woman made of. it's amazing that it will destroy this pregnancy as a rebate on the beach or body weight on only time in a shelter she's either totally got into medicine and abrasions over the coming days. no need for anybody to do it by herself. it's amazing to them do they a a. this dude. i
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took history gets worse every day. cos breaking the all whites. so much the eagles to play. for itself. while the new rule. we didn't want
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to. as cautious optimism on all sides that for a possible iranian you get the last talks resume in geneva diplomatic route west london summons madrid dumbass that the advantaged incursion into gibraltar is territorial waters. starting out on the don't read it to recovery son damian


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