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tv   Focus on Europe  PBS  June 6, 2016 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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i cannot talk anymore. >> nesrin finds it hard to live in germany as a yazidi in the same house as muslim men. things escalated when her husband came to visit. michelle: hello and welcome to he arrived in germany two months ago but was assigned to a "focus on europe," where we take different shelter. nesrin: when my husband came, my you with us on a journey to see muslim neighbor went crazy. this continent through the eyes of the people who live here. i'm michelle henery. he started hitting the wall because he did not want my husband to see his wife without a veil. thanks for joining us. coming up on the program today >> she has complained repeatedly -- a school in france gives its to her social worker, but the authorities see no reason to pupils a sense of identity. intervene. even after fleeing to germany, >> as a rule, we see no problem with different cultural groups some refugees still face persecution. and in romania, making conservation cool in the danube from different countries and religions living together, and peveryday life back that up. >> nesrin disagrees. delta. located in the southeast of europe, albania is a candidate a few weeks ago, she tried to take her own life with security for membership in the european
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union, but the small mountainous nation has a lot of work to do to prove that it merits such a personnel present in a large refugee home. status. to highlight its efforts at reform and at the request of the her dream of life in safety, reunited with her hud and and u.s., albania has agreed to children, still feels like a recital thousands of members of world away. michelle: we hope that families an iranian opposition group known as the people's mujahedin. like nesrin's will get the hope for years, they've been housed in the u.s.-backed can't in and protection they need. iraq. our reporter went to the one of the most stunning sites albanian capital to meet a in europe is the danube delta. much of it lies in romania and former member. has been named a unesco world >> ehsan bidi is keeping a low heritage site thanks to its vast wetlands and rare wildlife. profile in a toronto -- tirana but this complex ecosystem was not always so prized. during the communist era, much of it was drained for farming, suburb. an environmental disaster. he claims to have been now residents and threatened by his forme comrades, militant fighters from the people's mujahedin of iran environmentalists hope to strike or mek. a balance between development and conservation, with the help of ecotourism. they do not want him to talk about his experiences. bidi: they've been after me >> valeriu trofimov loves his
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since the day i left the organization. i got eight threatening phone calls. home. he grew up in the danube delta the even posted a video calling on others to hunt me down. in romania. this is where the river danube >> he lives away from the road in a little apartment which he shares with a friend. he recalls his time with the widens before india into the mek. black sea. a network of waterways covers 5800 square kilometers, prime they were fighting for a just habitat for birds and fish, but many here are wondering how long cause, he says, the liberation it will survive. of their native iran from the oppressive regime of the mul the area has been under threat for, especially under the lahs. communist rule of nicolae but he fled after the group turned to increasingly brutal methods, including against its own people. ceausescu.. bidi: they put hundreds of my he ordered land to be reclaimed comrades in jail. some were tortured. and tried to set up large-scale four were murdered. industry. canals were dredged, particularly on the ukrainian side of the delta. the people's mujahedin even you reach spawning grounds for jailed and tortured members who fish were destroyed in the had been persecuted beforehand process. by the mullahs. >> he tells us the mek now has trofimov: we need to find a new solution to protect nature and just a few kilometers away from us residents, too. we're on the right track. here people in the way behind >> many of the 12,000 residents now believe that ecotourism
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the barbed wire and walls. could be the solution for protecting the future of the danube delta. around eight hundred are said to be living across albania after being expelled from camp's in iraq. locals want to attract visitors to this beast part of the european union to enjoy the river landscape with its rich the albanian government ecosystem. tolerates the presence on humanitarian grounds, as the group claims to have pronounced they help paying guest will want violence, but in albanian journalist and security expert, to stay in the traditional arlan hoxha, sees them as an thatched roof, mud brick cottages so that the local villages can be preserved. unpredictable risk. many residents have already left the village is in favor of modern housing and greater prosperity inside the delta. hoxha: the people's mujahedin are prepared to use their military capabilities and years the idea of ecotourism in the of training at any time. delta all started in the village they do not need special of mila douazeci si trei. equipment. they are dangerous even with most basic weapons. and i have another advantage in albania -- it's not difficult to get your hands on guns here. the name literally means 23 >> the mek was originally miles, the distance between the founded in 1965 to overthrow the village on the coast. pro-western shah of iran. the village is proud to have produced no less than 13 world champions and olympic gold
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medalist in canoeing. in the 1980's, the group fought the most successful of all was on the side of saddam hussein's ivan patzaichin, who was iraq against the new fundamental regime of ayatollah khomeini. at the head of the organization competing right up until the was massoud rajavi, the 1980's. he has invited everyone to a meeting at the local community center. together with an advertising agency in bucharest, he's developed an initiative for sustainable development in the charismatic leader who built up a cultlike following, but the danube delta. he is currently touring all the military fatigues and aggressive tone were all style and no fishing villages to publicize substance according to bidi. the project and when local approval. the idea is that tradition is cool, and so is conservation. he urges the locals to preserve their houses in traditional style and to stop overfishing. bidi: he was in awful physical condition. he was so weak he could not even he says everyone stands to carry his own gun. benefit, but the locals complain of endless yurok per and want to >> at the same time, he was reportedly merciless in his instructions to his army. bidi: we saw with our own eyes know why they have to stick with thatched roofs because they are so expensive. how the people's mujahedin trained members to become suicide bombers, both women and men. trofimov: we just want to vent they were a little army that out little cottages but have to attacked targets in iraq and fulfill the standards of a smart iran. hotel. we cannot do it. then big hotel chains come in
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from the outside. >> ivan patzaichin understands >> so where does the mek stand these concerns, but it's exactly because he does not want big today? is it preparing a new offense of? we hope to gain insight from hotel chains in the danube delta members living in a base in that he is encouraging the locals to get active themselves. tirana. the u.s. and u.k. -- and eu have a few kilometers downstream, work is under way to build houses in the traditional mud brick style. removed mek from their list of terrorist, but what do they say patzaichin: these building materials and this type of construction has almost been forgotten. there are hardly any builders these days who know how to produce the loan bricks or to to the current charges against them? >> we are everywhere, in europe, thatch roofs, but we want to change that. the united states, and especially iran. >> they are also eager to show but the group is not involved in that living in a traditional any violent activities. cottage does not have to mean giving up the benefits of modern some people have clicked the life. there are already initial signs group -- quit the group and now of success. someillagers have spruced up their homes and canoes and are they feel threatened by you. offering lodging for tourists. >> he says that's the version
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told by the iranian regime. pure propaganda. they then declare the interview over. the people's mujahedin is a trofimov is also renting out his taboo subject in albania. the government hailed -- the home. a room here goes for 25 euros a night with half or. government failed to respond to our requests for an interview or even to answer questions and now there are reports of a further 2000 former fighters being taken in. according to security exper trofimov still feel happiest when out on the danube pursuing hoxha, this represents an his main livelihood along with additional risk. the other fishermen, but if hoxha: the main problem is that ecotourism can help to preserve the islamic republic of iran is this natural paradise, he's more than happy for it to move determined to wipe out the mek. forward. michelle: the danube delta is the regime sees the group as potential enemies intent on definitely now on my places of attacking important targets in iran, so iran will continue to -- my list of places to visit try to target its leaders. here in europe. that's it for today. thank you for watching. >> for defector bedi, -- bidi, please do not hesitate to get in touch. you can send us an e-mail, write us on facebook, or send us a there's no doubt that the mek tweet. we love hearing from you. will then strike back. in the meantime, it's goodbye bidi: the mek will wage a
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from me and the whole team. see you next time. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, violent struggle and use which is responsible for its terrorism to achieve their caption content and accuracy. visit] goals. they are dangerous for albania and european society as a whole. >> for the time being, ehsan and his friend are stranded in albania. were they to try to visit their families and iran, they would immediately face arrest. they are two foot soldiers of a bloody conflict that has now been transported to the 700 kilometers away to europe. michelle: the french word for suburb is often used as a pejorative, used to refer to low-income housing projects heavily populated by immigrants and blighted by high unemployment and crime.
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young people there feel marginalized by french society. many leave school early, deepening their sense of the outsiders in their own country, but one small private school governed by strict rules and discipline is bucking the trend. the school teaches traditional values like patriotism and respect, and as a result, the students feel a greater sense of french identity. >> if i want to be happy, i must see all men and women as my brothers and sisters, regardless of race, religion, or background. >> if i want to be happy, i must love the truth and seek it with humility. >> if i want to be happy, i must support peace, for i know there is strength in being peaceful. >> those are some of the golden rules that every pupil here must follow. each morning begins with the same routine. the teachers and principals greet each student with a handshake and address them with the formal french "vous."
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this is another ritual. ♪ every morning at 9:30, the pupils patrick -- practice a bit of patriotism. that's not a matter of course for the girls and boys here. they live on the outskirts of harris -- of paris and are mainly from families who live on the outskirts of society and in general are not really accepted by the mainstream french. the parents come from countries like morocco, algeria, or senegal. everyone is equal. the boys wear green hoodies, the girls red sweaters. the school wants to give them all a chance in life by helping them to be good french citizens. >> do you want to be servile or civil? do you want to be futile or
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useful? >> the school uniform is a privilege. anyone who breaks the rules has to wear ordinary close. ghania asks to wear the uniform again after disrupting class a few days ago. the principal asks her what she plans to do to earn it back. >> i will do my best to respect the golden rules, to improve my behavior, and to respect the teachers. >> we've heard your commitment, and we are happy to see you wear the uniform again and to welcome you back into the fraternal community of the school. we applaud you. >> tough rules and strict hierarchies and any breach of the rules is sanctioned. that all sounds like a 19th century school trying to raise children to be loyal subjects, but a lot of parents like the concept. their loss used -- he used to be
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a bank manager in london, but he switched jobs last year. instead of maximizing profits, the frenchman is now promoting pression pedagogy. bergot: singing the national anthem or the eu him does not mean that we are returning to old values. it really means teaching the children to value where they come from. someone who is rooted in place can develop their branches and find a sense of inner balance. >> but today, 12-year-old malaur y's balance is disturbed. she is getting back a test and is disappointed with the results. malaury: i'm a little the it is tuesday, june 7th, 9:00 a.m. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. average. sometimes my sentences just do officials kicked off talks in not make any sense, but here, we can learn without getting bored, and it's one. beijing. the u.s. is urging choir no to
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they are giving me a chance to succeed. find diplomatic solutions in the >> most of the residents, the south china sea. chinese president in an opening speech stressed the importance often economically disadvantaged of refraining from suburbs of paris, are unfamiliar confrontational attitudes. with success. many are immigrants who feel >> translator: even members of a that french society is keeping family may not always agree with them out. each other if there are more than 40% of young people differences of opinion that are unemployed. so it is important to her cannot be resolved immediately, parents that their daughter get a good education. the two sides should deal >> it's true that young people are not well integrated. i see a lot of parents who have simply given up. their children become more difficult. so if you have the chance to send your child to a private school, that is what you do. >> and for that, they are willing to make sacrifices to afford the tuition of 70 euros per month. that is a lot of money for the family who originally come from the french west indies. >> there are children who have
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potential, but they fail due to certain circumstances. i think this school gives them a chance. >> the children like going to school here. they get a lot of encouragement, and they learned how important it is to share responsibility with others. that includes cleaning the toilets together, a job malaury tries to avoid at home. malaury: you get to know yourself and the others. before that, you don't know yourself. and we learn solidarity, too. >> solidarity is something the 53 pupils who has been attending the school since it started half a year ago have not experienced much. >> i like this school better. my old school did not do much for me. i had trouble with math, and they just said it was not so bad and did not do anything about it, but i wanted to learn.
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>> i hardly even learned how to write. >> now he has learned to write, but he likes the singing lessons even better. ♪ these young people are finally being given a chance. perhaps their school will help the rest of society accept them as true frenchman and women -- french men and women. michelle: is instilling patriotism the key to forming a more cohesive society? my parents were immigrants, and i grew up in the u.s. with a strong sense of american identity. for me, as we saw with the children in that report, part of that was down to things like singing the national anthem at school. tell us what you think about that or any of today's stories by getting in touch on facebook, e-mail, or twitter.
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germany is providing refuge to thousands of people fleeing persecution, abuse, and war, but some migrants feel they are being persecuted all over again. not by unwelcoming germans, but by other refugees. religious minorities including christians and his 80's -- christians and yazidis have come under attack from radical islamists in iraq and syria. some still live in fear. >> nesrin just wants to hide all the time. she fled from her home in syria. she came to germany because she wanted her young son to grow up in a safe environment, but even though she's been here a year, she still lives every day in fear, so we agree to interview her in a protected room.
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nesrin: i was staying in soest. there were radical muslim then and women there who called me an infidel. they threatened to beat me up. i was completely alone with all of them. >> nesrin is currently in the city of munster. she originally comes from afrin, in aleppo province. she came to germany without her husband and three of her children. since arriving, she has lived in seven different refugee shelters -- a nightmare. nesrin: it hurts so much. >> she feels lost in germany. an initiative called noah's ark is seeking to help her. the group takes care of christian and yazidi refugees who have often been through many traumatic experiences. it was in a refugee camp like this one on the turkish syrian border that she had to leave her
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three other children. she never thought a life in germany would he so hard. >> we often get calls from christians, yazidis, assyrians, and other minorities who do not feel safe here. things have happened to them that should not just be swept under the carpet. >> women in particular who belong to religious minorities often suffer discrimination and abuse in refugee shelters. many are afraid to go to the bathroom on their own. and increasingly, there are reports of attacks, according to h from a therapist who has treated over 1000 women who have suffered severe sexual abuse from i.s. fighters. >> in refugee shelters where you have people from different cultures living together, especially young men living in close quarters with young women,
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there's a high probability of young guys getting stupid ideas and attacking young women. there are even attempt to rape women. >> women like nesrin feel especially, ties by their experience in german refugee shelters. many of them went through terrible things while still in syria. >> they took a pregnant kurdish woman and cut the baby out of her belly. they said they'd go to paradise because she's an infidel.
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