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tv   Newsline  PBS  June 29, 2016 12:00am-12:31am PDT

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welcome to nhk "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. suicide bombers have hit istanbul's largest international airport. local media are quoting an authority as saying at least 31 people are dead and 147 injured. a twitter user posted a video of what appears to be one of the explosions. turkey's justice minister says terrorists fired automatic weapons at the international terminal before blowing themselves up. a local official says there were three attackers.
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>> my two brothers, when my brother, had e is not very good. >> more than 6 million people used the airport in 2015. no one has claimed responsibility for the attacks. britain's prime minister and his eu counterparts have failed to set a timetable for negotiations over britain's exit from the eu. david cameron briefed other leaders on how the british people voted against britain's eu membership last week. he also explained his thoughts on exit negotiations with other eu members. cameron told reporters after the session that the leaders had constructive talks and that britain wants to build the closest possible reconciliatila the eu even after its exit. >> that decision to trigger article 50 will be for the next
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british prime minister and the next cabinet, i would suspect after they've made that decision about the outcome they want to pursue. >> it is the british government who initiates this divorce process. i mean, of course the notification. there's no need to speculate about this. if they need more time, we have to wait. i think it's not the best solution for the uk and for us as well. but in fact this is the only legal way we have today. >> leaders of the 27 other eu member nations excluding britain will discuss how to handle negotiations with the country on wednesday. the speculation that north korea leader kim jong un aims to boost his authority by tweaking
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a military title he holds. north korea's annual parliamentary meeting opens on wednesday. kim may change his title of first chairman of the national defense commission. delegates from across the country will attend the supreme people's assembly in pyongyang. the workers party held its first congress in 36 years in may. kim's late father, kim jong il, boosted the commission's authority as he placed top priority on the military. some analysts say the commission should be or rather could be reorganized or its power may be reduced. the policy of promoting nuclear and missile development is likely to be confirmed. last wednesday north korea launched a new type of intermediate range ballistic missile known as the musudan. delegates are expected to discuss legislation to implement a five-year strategy for economic development. the party congress last month laid out the blueprint. indonesia's parliament has
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moved to beef up defense spending. the defense ministry's budget will rise to $8.25 billion, the midst of tensions with china over the south china sea. there was a series of confrontations between indonesian naval ships and chinese fishing boats in the rich fishing grounds there. china has said it does not dispute indonesia's sovereignty over the islands but its claim of jurisdiction over almost the entire south china sea includes nearby waters. indonesia's defense ministry says some of the new funds will be used to upgrade infrastructure on the islands and build a newport to allow more fighter jets and warships to be based there. tax collectors in japan are tallying up the numbers from the
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last fiscal year and they're realizing they've brought in less money than they expected. what are you hearing? >> catherine, tax officials actually collected more money from individual income taxes as well as the consumption levy. but corporate taxes a different story. sluggish company earnings slashed those revenues by about $2 billion. this is the first time since the 2008 global financial crisis that japan's tax revenue has fallen below the government's forecast. officials say national tax revenues in fiscal 2015 that ended in march came in at 56.3 trillion yen. that's about $550 billion. that's up around $22 billion from the previous business year. but it's nearly $1.3 billion lower than the estimate the government made last december. the government ended up with a surplus of about $2.4 billion in
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fiscal year 2015, a lot smaller than in fiscal 2014 when the number exceeded $15 billion. the smaller surplus could affect funding for additional economic stimulus measures is government is planning for later this year. many financial companies doing business in the eu have what is called a single path form. this allows companies legally established in one eu country to provide services throughout the bloc. but the recent british vote is prompting discussions among japanese institutions that have bases in london in order to conduct business on the continent. if britain leaves the eu, those companies may find their activity in the bloc restricted. one banking corporation is reviewing its business strategies and could set up another business base in another eu country. the dialogue securities group is thinking about similar steps. officials at tokyo marine
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holdings are also discussing measures. those two insurers are thinking about acquiring a single passport in a member country other than britain if they become unable to sell their product within the eu. now let's get a check on the markets. overnight, global stock markets took a breather and were up after two days of declines. european markets ended higher. we saw gains of more than 2.6% in london and paris. in frankfurt, a gain of nearly 2%. on wall street, the two major indices up as well. dow jones industrial average up 1.5%, tech-heavy nasdaq up more than 2%. here in tokyo, good morning, ramin, what do you see over there? >> reporter: good morning. a little bit of a calm in the markets as you touched on. european and u.s. markets ending higher.
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however, proceedings in brussels, talks between eu and uk leaders still overhanging the markets. let's have a look at how the topics are kicking off for wednesday, june 29th. as you can see, they're pretty positive, the nikkei and the topix up 1%. a reminder, on tuesday the nikkei managed to hold on to gains it made on monday and now is on a rebound after the 8% fall we saw last friday. let's not forget that. and fears have reseatceded on t to offset the impact of brexit. however, with brexit concerns still dominating, an awkward reversion of gdp went unnoticed in the markets. federal reserve has remained very concerned over the full impact of the british referendum on the eu. that's really playing into central bank mood right now. there are some signs of calm in
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the markets. the yield on the ten-year u.s. treasury note rose as investors bought riskier settings like stocks. wti regained a level of $48 a barrel overnight. market sentiment is showing some improvement. we saw key volatility in the cboevix, showing a significant drop, ei. >> ramin, the dollar has bounced back from going below 100 yen last friday. but still, what's gong with currencies today? >> reporter: we've seen some wild springs. right now, 102.40-45. currency traders are selling the safe haven yen. now, the rebound in the british pound against the dollar and the yen has also eased some concerns as well, leading to more of a
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risk on mode for traders. you're looking at the pound sterling dollar there. ongoing talks between the uk government and eu leaders about when britain will leave the eu. asian markets that are open right now, s&p up in australia. we'll keep monitoring the markets. that's all from me, back to you. >> thanks, ramin, we'll touch base with you in a few hours' time. south koreans have traditionally sought job security in big companies. but that's changing little by little. a growing number of young people are following their dreams by starting their own small businesses. nhk world's kim which hadn't ungju reports. >> reporter: this a traditional
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food store, a familiar scene in south korea. but changes are taking place. this stand serves pizzas fresh out of the oven. this one serves the fried rice dish loved across southeast asia. and how about mexican food? youngsters flock to this stall because the food items are about half the price charged in mexican restaurants. the most popular item on the menu is tacos at about $5 a pop. >> i thought the taste would be a notch down from restaurants. but it's not. >> reporter: menus have changed and so too have the stall owners who are getting younger. this chef has done a student
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internship at a big company but after graduation, he decided to start the store. >> my mom was a cook so i was familiar with that world. i opened a store for the mexican food that i love. >> reporter: more young koreans are opening stores amid uncertainty about the future. the sluggish economy has left many struggling to find work. city officials have taken note of the trends and they've started a new project to create more momentum. this night market opened in march. more than 100 stalls line this 0-meter stretch of the riverside. the city government is supporting these young entrepreneurs to the tune of $800,000 from march to october. >> before, there was no security
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and we had to walk around every day in search of somewhere to sell. now we have a steady spot at the weekends and it's more secure. >> reporter: city officials expect the market to boost the local economy by $8.5 million in the roughly half year period through october. >> by offering fun things, we hope to make the night market a major tourist spot. and i think it will be an important place for young entrepreneurs too. >> reporter: there are plans now to expand the project in the area on july 1st. last week city officials invited stall owners to apply for a space in the new night market. about a third of the 353 applicants passed an initial screening. final approval depends on a panel of experts and citizens to
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sample their food and check out their stalls. mexican food stall owner moon is one of the applicants. those who pass the screening will start selling in the new markets. >> i'll have a chance to make my food known to many people. if my stall is given a place in south korea's most famous market. >> reporter: city officials plan seven more of these markets by 2017. that means more young koreans will have a shot at success in business. kim chan-ju, nhk world, seoul. that's the latest in business at this hour. i'll leave you with a check on markets.
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since the end of world war ii, japan has focused much of its defense resources north because of russia. but an increasingly aggressive china has caused japan to shift its focus and look to its southwestern islands. in the first of a two-part series, we report on changes for the ground self-defense force. >> reporter: it's pitch black. but that's the point. look closely.
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members of the japanese ground self-defense force are training with u.s. marines. this was in california back in february. the purpose of the training is to teach the japanesebili the reason? ready for new deployment in japan. the japanese government is changing its defense focus because of china. increased tensions in the nearby south china sea are part of the reason. but more close to home, china has been getting a little too close for comfort. chinese naval vessels have recently sailed in japan's territorial waters. the reason for this?
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the u.s. vessels are the highlight of the exercise. they can move through shallow water. the ground self-defense force is bringing in 52 of them, according to a u.s. marine corps colonel stationed in okinawa. the reasons of the training will depend on what japan wants. >> they gain the seat of knowledge, working and training with the u.s. marines. and then they're going back to their battalions and reg i ments and are training so japan develops its own amphibious capability. whether it looks like the u.s. marine corps is yet to be determined. >> reporter: you can see taiwan over there. the japanese government has been building up defenses in this area.
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♪ >> reporter: a ceremony for the deployment of the ground self-defense force unit. it's the unit's first deployment to the small island. >> establishing a stable defense setup in the area represents japan's commitment to defense. >> reporter: the unit's job is to monitor ocean traffic around the islands and the surrounding areas. japan controls the island. the japanese government maintains the islands. they are an inherent part of japan's territory. china and taiwan claim them. it's not just one island getting more defense forces. the defense ministry has more deployment plans. units of 6 to 800 members are heading to the islands marked with little dots. in all, about 2,000 are expected
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to be deployed in stages throughout the southwestern islands. there are about 1,000 islands in the region. they spread across a huge area. at the international university of japan, a former ground self-defense force professor says the moves are needed. >> we don't have enough troops to deploy. we have to deploy our troops in case of necessity. >> reporter: the ground self-defense force is planning to launch an amphibious unit in two years, a force of more than 7,000 ground personnel are expected to play a part in beefing up defense capabilities in the remote island areas.
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ryo asami, nhk world. people visiting japan had a hard time understanding emergency announcements when a powerful earthquake jolted the country's southwest in april. officials in one city are making efforts to change that to keep tourists informed if disaster strikes. nhk world's haruka nouchi reports. >> reporter: about 3% of the population comes from other countries. everyone in the city felt the april quake, which tops out at 7 on the scale.
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>> we were on the 10th floor building of our children. we heard the alarm and didn't know what it was. >> all announcements and things were in japanese. we basically didn't know what to do. >> reporter: 3,000 students from 84 countries and regions are enrolled in asia pacific university. the quake jolted them into action. victoria from the u.s. ran out of her dorm room. she and some 500 other students headed for the first ward. the earthquake alarm echoed through the lobby, sending the crowd into high anxiety. >> it made people panic more sometimes, because when the alarm went off again, you have like 500 people in the lobby whose alarms are going off inside the building. that was really loud. everyone was standing up, and
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they were like, no, please sit down. >> reporter: the building was undamaged, but the university instructed students to evacuate for safety. they spent the night in a parking lot. a lack of information in english caused rumors to spread, that a bigger quake might be coming, and a tsunami, even though the japanese announcements said "no concern." >> they hear "nashi" and they get scared. >> reporter: this is woman is a member of a group which provides visitors to international visitors. she rushed to a gym where many travele esers are relocated. she volunteered to serve as a translators. >> more translators where definitely needed but they were not available. the evacuees seemed deeply worried, asking if a tsunami or aftershocks would strike. >> reporter: the problem prompted officials to be better
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prepared. they asked translators to be added as volunteers. more than 80 added their names to the list. officials will know whom to call if the need arises. >> correct information was not properly conveyed to international visitors. we'll make improvements quickly so we can be ready and disaster strikes. >> reporter: of course in a disaster, everyone is concerned. but travelers especially can feel at a loss to know what to do. with international tourism growing, communities across the country are looking for ways to keep the visitors in the loop. haruka nouchi, nhk world. >> certainly good to be prepared. time for a check in the weather. people in many areas of japan, including tokyo, are getting wet weather. however the rain isn't a welcome sight in some western areas of the country. our meteorologist robert speta has the latest.
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>> the rainy season is still dominating here. day in and day out, we've been seeing showers especially across parts of kyushu. 269 millimeters reported. if you remember back on tuesday, we had a similar report. so this is just adding up. that's why the flood threat is there. also these landslide threats. people are being warned and advised even towards the kumamoto area. as we go through the rest of wednesday and even over towards thursday. as those showers pull off toward the east towards the tokyo area, we'll be seeing a passing sprinkle or two out there. i think the worst of it is going to be towards the west, 200 millimeters still expected in okusha over the next 24 hours. friday, saturday, and sunday, it does look like we'll get a break out here, vastly improving conditions for the most part expected. still going to be on the hot and
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humid side. let's follow our front back towards the west, because it's not just japan. much of central and eastern china have been getting a torrential amount of prescription. this has resulted in very serious flooding. i want to show you video, we have a few locations, just showing the significant flooding that's taken place. ten people are still missing due to this heavy rainfall. local authorities say 1.5 million people are estimated to have been affected by this seasonal surge of rainfall. rescue workers are assisting people. thousands were trapped in the rising waters. in hunan, a similar story, many residents trapped in the flooding that was taking place. you can see authorities there just trying to help people out there. but unfortunately, the past seven days we're up 3 to 400 millimeters, shown here in darker red.
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as we look at the forecast, still about 120, maybe 180 millimeters, especially back here towards the west, with a new developing low, is expected. so this is going to be just bringing more unneeded rainfall in a lot of these areas as we head wednesday into thursday as well. let's take a look at the americas. strong thunderstorms as well. i'll move out of the way, towards new england, some storms still flaring up, thunderstorms out there possible following our cold front to the south. rainfall, 50 to 60 millimeters across parts of the deep south. the big thing will be lightning firing up in some of these storms. not so severe, but you will hear that thunder rumble outside, head indoors, they will be more potent storms. we still have severe thunderstorm watches and warnings in places in colorado, nebraska, north kansas, some of
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those dry thunderstorms as well. wednesday, that will shift toward the southeast, not as widespread. still looking at thunderstorms. i'll leave you now with your extended outlook. that is all for this edition of nhk "newsline." we'll be back at the top of the hour. thanks for joining us. x0
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host: this week, global 3000 heads to mumbai in india. the megacity is expanding at an uncontrolled rate. will that be the end of mangrove forests and the flamingos? in egypt, the police force seems to operate according to its own rule, leaving many citizens traumatized. but first, a rare glimpse into life in north korea. more and more people are successfully escaping the world's most isolated country. we hear one young woman's story. it's been almost 70 years since the korean peninsula was split in half. since then, north korea has been ruled by a communist dictatorship. life in the two countries could


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