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tv   Newsline  PBS  November 11, 2016 7:00pm-7:31pm PST

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it's the top of the hour and this is nhk "newsline." i'm ross mihara in tokyo. japanese prime minister shinzo abe has struck a nuclear energy deal with his indian counterpart, narendra modi. the agreement will allow japan to export its technology to india. the concern remains over how japan can monitor the country's nuclear arsenal. the two leaders met in tokyo on friday. it took six years for the two sides to narrow their differences. the pact is crucial for india. the rapidly growing economy is suffering from a serious power shortage. modi wants japan's support in building and running nuclear plants. but japan had to clear one hurdle over india's nuclear arms program.
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new delhi has conducted nuclear tests and has yet to sign the nuclear nonproliferation treaty. in the atomic bomb cities of hiroshima and nagasaki, people worry the technology might be used for military purposes. the deal stipulates that the trade is only for peaceful purposes, and it includes a provision on halting the cooperation. another document confirms that japan can stop the trade if india runs counter to its own 2008 announcement of freezing nuclear tests. >> translator: the pact presents a legal framework to ensure india acts responsibly so nuclear technology will be used solely for peaceful purposes. this is consistent with our position to pursue nuclear nonproliferation. >> the signing of the agreement for cooperation and peaceful use of nuclear energy marks a
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historic step. >> the two leaders also agreed to expedite a high-speed railway project in india with japan's bullet train technology. before the meeting, modi told japanese business leaders he wants to deepen economic ties between the two countries. modi attended a welcome lunch in tokyo on friday hosted by the japan business federation and japan's chamber of commerce and industry. >> translator: direct investment from japan to india has increased by sixfold in the past decade, and more than 1,200 japanese firms are now doing business in india. >> sakakibara asked modi to improve the business environment in his country by easing curbs on foreign capital and improving government transparency. >> we do, of course, want the greater influx of japanese investments.
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for this, we will be proactive in addressing your concerns. >> modi said india offers cheap labor and a large market. he said matching japan's technology with india's people would be beneficial to both countries. world leaders are looking at america's new president-elect and wondering what will a donald trump white house mean for them. japanese prime minister shinzo abe is no exception. abe is sending a special advisor to the u.s. to lay the groundwork for his meeting with trump next week. >> translator: i want to make the visit a fruitful one that can lay the groundwork for the meeting between abe and trump. >> high on the list for discussion, japan's attempt to
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salvage the transpacific partnership free trade deal. trump has said he wants the u.s. to pull out of the pact. japan's foreign minister says he too is reaching out to the new administration to keep the deal on the rails. >> translator: the government aims for an early approval of the tpp bills in the diet to reap the benefits from the deal as soon as possible. i will continue urging all member countries, including the u.s., to approve the deal. >> kishida also says he wants to convey the significance of the security alliance between the two nations to the new administration. meanwhile, japan's defense minister says she wants to see japan deepen its military alliance under trump's administration. tomomi inada said the u.s. military's presence in japan is important not only for the defense of the country but for peace, stability, and the rule of law in the asia-pacific region. >> translator: i hope the u.s. will continue to deploy forces
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in japan and the two nations will deepen and develop the alliance in the next administration. >> inada also said the change in the u.s. administration presents an opportunity for japan to rethink its own defense. the japanese business community in the united states said it hopes that the president-elect will continue business as usual with japan. the japan chamber of commerce and industry of new york on thursday hosted its annual dinner in the city. about 900 attendees, including business people from both countries, were on hand. the chamber's president, yasushi takahashi, gave the opening speech. >> a new u.s. president made a victory declaration right here. whether you are one of the
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supporters of him or not, we are sharing the flavor of victory here. >> other speakers at the event did not directly refer to trump's victory, but stressed the importance of deepening japan/u.s. economic ties. >> translator: i think mr. trump's radical pronouncements caught the public's attention. i hope he will become sincere now that he has won. >> translator: we want to contribute to the u.s. as a japanese company. i hope new policies will support our efforts, hopefully related to asia. >> also in washington, protesters gathered outside the white house. it was one of many anti-trump rallies held across the u.s. on thursday night. >> not my president! not my president! >> it was the second night of protests in the u.s. since trump's election upset against hillary clinton. critics of the president-elect say they're concerned his election win will undermine people's civil rights. trump made a number of inflammatory remarks about hispanics, muslims and women among others while campaigning.
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trump tweeted that the crowds were professional protesters who were incited by the media. the demonstrators say they will continue their protests. trump's surprise victory has put opinion polls under scrutiny. the results were vastly different from the pollsters' predictions. opinion poll analysts at the website 538 predicted a clinton victory. they asked about 20 pollsters why so many of them got it wrong. some said many trump supporters were reluctant to reveal their choice in telephone surveys. others said some people don't trust opinion polls and are unlikely to give an honest response. they also speculated the turnout of democratic supporters may have been lower than expected. larry j. sabato's crystal ball, another election prediction website, also thought the signs
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pointed to a clinton win. it posted a lengthy apology to their readers. the "los angeles times" was one of the few media organizations that predicted a trump win. the newspaper conducts joint surveys with usc dornsife. they use a process called weighting. this ensures their surveys accurately represent population diversity. they said they consistently polled the same group of people and used the internet instead of telephoning. they also gave more weight to people who didn't vote in 2012. the staff emphasized that the polls need to use more diverse ways to assess public opinion. japanese telecom giant ntt plans to take part in a campaign to make metals for the 2020 olympics and paralympics from metal from recycled electronic devices. gold, silver and copper can be recycled about discarded appliance. game organizers are asking companies to cooperate in the metal campaign. ntt has decided to join the project and offer realistic
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suggestions to the organizing committee. the company collects more than 3 million mobile phones annually through its outlets across the country. ntt president says his firm wants to come up with a metal plan. >> translator: recycled metals from mobile phones and cell phones is a very hot topic now. i suggest they be used for the medals for the olympics and paralympics in 2020. >> company officials say an estimated 5,000 medals will be awarded to athletes at the tokyo games. that's roughly the amount of metal in about 8 million recycled mobile phones. a suicide truck bomber has struck the german consulate in the northern afghan city of mizar-i-sharif, killing four
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civilians and wounding more than 100. patchari raksawong in bangkok has the details on this and other stories. >> thursday night's assault by the taliban is the latest reminder of the group's recent resurgence and the worsening security situation in afghanistan. germany heads the nato led mission resolute support in the north of the country. officials say the truck packed with explosives rammed a wall of the consulate compound. the blast blew a massive crater in the road. >> translator: the explosion was very strong. all the glass in my shop shattered, and i was injured. my shop was covered in dust and smoke. the situation around here was frightful. >> heavily armed attackers followed up after the explosion battling afghan and german security forces. many people suffered shrapnel wounds, and some are in critical condition.
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the taliban claimed responsibility for the attack saying it was retaliation for recent air strikes believed to have been carried out by nato near the northern city of kunduz that left more than 30 people dead. germany has about 850 soldiers at a base on the outskirts of mizar-i-sharif. in india a fire that broke out at a garment factory early friday killed at least 13 people. >> translator: this incident took place in the morning around 4:30. so far, it appears the fire was started due to a short circuit, and most people died of suffocation. a total of 13 people have been killed, and three are stable and out of danger. >> the fire spread rapidly and engulfed the building where many workers were asleep in the upper stories. narrow alleys around the building slowed firefighting.
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the incident underlined the country's poor workplace safety record. last saturday, november 5th, was world tsunami awareness day. the united nations chose the date to commemorate the disaster in japan about 160 years ago. indonesia also suffered from a devastating tsunami 12 years ago, and now the two countries are working hand in hand, teaching children how to protect themselves using lessons from history. nhk world reports. >> reporter: the tsunami showed the remnants of the 2004 tsunami including a wrecked helicopter and damaged copies of the koran. the massive tsunami that struck indonesia on december 26th left about 160,000 people dead in the country.
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the coast was devastated. the museum added a new exhibit in an effort to help prevent another tragedy. a video tells the tale of a fire of rice sheaves, a true story of western japan struck by a tsunami in 1854. he sets fire to his own rice sheaves to guide people to higher ground in the darkness. >> translator: people need to know about tsunami so they can act quickly in a crisis. >> reporter: the man behind showing the exhibit is a tsunami risk prevention researcher at the local university. he learned about the story through fellow academics in japan and was touched. >> translator: it made me realize the need to pass down the lessons that a tsunami would follow after an earthquake, not only to the people today but also to future generations.
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>> reporter: his determination was borne of personal tragedy. he lost both his parents and six of his siblings in the 2004 tsunami. now he teaches university students about tsunami risk prevention. he says they in turn must educate children too young to remember the disaster. >> translator: it's important to let children know that they must quickly evacuate to high ground after an earthquake to keep safe. >> reporter: he and his students visited an elementary school near the coast that was within the tsunami zone 12 years ago. they used a well known melody, but with new lyrics added to teach them the drill. ♪
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>> translator: the lyric is easy to remember. i'll evacuate quickly to higher ground and save my family. >> translator: we should share the spirit of the story and its lessons on what to do if a disaster strikes. i'm hoping the knowledge will spread not only inside indonesia but across the world. ♪ >> reporter: shared experiences of tsunami have connected affected communities in japan and indonesia. important lessons about how to save lives are beginning to spread. usuke ota, nhk world, indonesia. that wraps up our bulletin. i'm patchari raksawong in bangkok.
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rampant consumerism has been good for china's economic growth, but for some, shopping is an unmanageable compulsion. the out of control consumers are buried under the things they buy and need help digging themselves out. luckily their problem has spawned a solution and a business of its own. nhk world reports. >> reporter: shopping is a part of this woman's daily routine. the 29-year-old spends most of her days at home in shanghai buying things online. her shelves and closets are filled with clothes and shoes. many look more or less the same, and she has no idea what to do with them. >> translator: i realized i hadn't put much thought into what i was buying. most of the things are going unused and just taking up space.
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>> reporter: yu decided to do something about all of the clutter. she contacted a professional organizer to help her sort through her things and get rid of what she didn't need. the organizer used to work as a fashion stylist, but for the past six years, she's run her own organizing business. as soon as she gets to a client's home, she throws everything out of the closets and off the shelves. then she proposes a strategy for dealing with it all. her philosophy isn't to throw everything away. she tries to create storage space and then use it efficiently. >> translator: i chose these items because i didn't think you would look good in these colors and designs.
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if you don't want to throw them away now, it's okay to keep them for a while. how about placing a board here to make another shelf? >> reporter: the organizer also makes use of her experience as a stylist. she offers her clients tips on creating nice outfits from the forgotten clothes hanging in their closets. the idea is to stop them from buying any more unnecessary items. >> translator: this can be worn for another year or two. by making use of the clothes you already have, you don't have to buy new ones. >> reporter: the service costs about 3,600 u.s. dollars for three days. it's not cheap, but the number of people using the services is increasing. she sells the items her clients give up and keeps 15% as a fee.
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the rest goes to the client. her company also offers a training course for those who want to become professional organizers. participants learn how to rearrange closets and pick out essential items to create storage space. the course is tailored to chinese people who are often reluctant to part with their things. seminars have already been held in beijing and shanghai. the ten-day course costs about $2,700, but it's increasingly popular. >> translator: organizing services are an emerging business in china. i want to make it my career. >> translator: the value of our service lies in the fact that when we sort out their lives, we
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put their hearts in order too. >> reporter: as china develops into a consumer society, online shopping will continue to spread far and wide. the organizing business offers people a chance to clear away the clutter and think about what's really important. nhk world, shanghai. japan is going through a tourism boom these days with more and more visitors coming here. people working in the industry are looking for ways to better serve foreign guests. for one company, the answer can be found by sifting through wi-fi data. nhk world reports. >> reporter: long gone are the days of heavy guide books. a smartphone and wi-fi is all that tourists need. >> when i've been walking the whole day and when i want to go back, it's useful to look up which route to go back.
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>> reporter: wi-fi is important for businesses catering to tourists. they can track the movement of visitors and gather information to improve services. this company asks users to register where they are from and then determines their routes. >> translator: the location data doesn't lie. it shows plain facts about how foreign visitors move about. the information tells us many things like trends according to nationalities and other things. >> reporter: some smaller places said their tourism is benefiting from knowing such habits. this hot spring resort in western japan had trouble attracting tourists, but that changed. >> translator: i'm from italy.
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>> london, britain. >> i come from vancouver, canada. >> reporter: now more than 34,000 a year come to this city. city officials set up a task force to bring in even more. the team is made up of tourism staff and an expert on data analysis. they learned something unexpected by looking at the routes people take to the hot springs. they thought they came from big cities like osaka, but they soon realized many are coming from the city of himeji. it has a castle listed as a unesco world heritage site. but transportation out of there is a bit of a challenge. >> translator: many visitors leave their hotels at around 9:00 or 10:00 a.m., but buses are earlier than that. >> translator: we didn't realize so many people came here by way
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of himeji. >> reporter: members of the task force plan to ask bus operators to make some adjustments to their schedules and the number of buses on the route. >> translator: by analyzing wi-fi data, we were able to find out what we couldn't have known otherwise. i hope further data analysis will lead to attracting more foreign visitors and having them spend more money here. >> reporter: the company says there's no risk of losing personal information. it says it only keeps statistics and it's the staff that are helping improve visits. they may even get people to come back again. wedding ceremonies are typically a private affair in japan, but one small city is
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offering weddings at a very special public place to attract tourists and encourage them to stay longer. nhk world's kanako sachno reports. >> reporter: for american jeffry michael cross and his fiancee, today is a very special day. they're getting married in the japanese city of nikko. and if that weren't special enough, there's more. >> my wife's hometown is here. the first time we came here, we came to the shrine and the temple. my wife comes every time she returns, so it's a pretty unique opportunity to do all of that in one shot. >> reporter: the shrine and temple he's talking about are a world heritage site, their wedding part of a bigger tourism plan to get people to stay longer in the city. nikko is a popular tourist destination all year round, but right now is the busiest time of all.
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tourists flock here for the autumn colors. >> it's famous for autumn leaves, and it's also very good timing here. so that's why we chose here. >> nikko is very beautiful. it's very overwhelming. it's very spiritual. you can feel the power of this place, and it is unlike anything that is in my country. >> reporter: but beautiful as things are, nothing in life is perfect, and nikko has a problem. >> translator: we have many one-day visitors, but we also want to increase the number of people who stay overnight and visit here repeatedly. >> reporter: cue the wedding couple. their actual ceremony will take place in the evening. the hope is that events like this one will convince more
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tourists to stay overnight. the ceremonies coincide with the site's anniversary. it's been around for 1,250 years. as you can see this whole area has been lit up, the perfect setting for the wedding that's taking place just through that gate at the top of these steps. finally it's time for the big event. the couple drinks from the same sake cup to symbolize their lifelong commitment to each other. the dancers ask the gods for eternal happiness in their dance. so do they think this could work for attracting other tourists? >> translator: i was very happy that a lot of people came to celebrate with us. i want more and more people to visit nikko and have their weddings here. >> reporter: one wedding down, and if the tourist association has its way, many more to come.
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and with them, lots more visitors. kanako sachno, nhk world, nikko. here is a quick look at the weather. ♪ ♪ that's all we have for now on nhk "newsline." thank you for watching and have a good day.
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host: this week, global 3000 heads to mumbai in india. the megacity is expanding at an uncontrolled rate. will that be the end of mangrove forests and the flamingos? in egypt, the police force seems to operate according to its own rule, leaving many citizens traumatized. but first, a rare glimpse into life in north korea. more and more people are successfully escaping the world's most isolated country. we hear one young woman's story. it's been almost 70 years since the korean peninsula was split in half. since then, north korea has been ruled by a communist dictatorship. life in the two countries could


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