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tv   DW News  PBS  October 20, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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from berlin. germany's chancellor races to pull together an awkward alliance. angela merkel holds her first full round of talks on forming a government with a coalition that has never been tried at the national level. also coming up, britain's theresa may tries to keep up appearances during brexit talks in brussels, but germany's angela merkel says negotiations cannot move forward until the divorce bill is agreed. and -- >> stop it. you are going to fail. sarah: a white supremacist leader is shouted off of the stage at a florida university, highlighting the divisions over hate speech and free speech in
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america. plus, in sports, looking to regain composure after two poor results in a row. facing a difficult trip on saturday and i have bayern munich on their tail. ♪ sarah: i'm sarah kelly. welcome to the program. thank you for joining us. german chancellor angela merkel has had her first full round of talks to piece together an unprecedented multiparty national government coalition. 50 politicians from her conservative cdu, the fdp and the greens met today to see if they can work together on topics ranging from the european union, to finance, to foreign policy. their political differences are significant, but so is the pressure to succeed. correspondent: more than 50 negotiators, four parties and
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one common goal rming an unprecedented coalitn that -- does n really fi together. after two days of amicable preliminary talks, they are finally getting down to business. chancellor merkel: i am happy that we are getting started today. there will be definitely a number of differing opinions , but i have the impression that we will also see a desire for the parties to agree. as far as i'm concerned, i'm willing to reflect in a creative manner. correspondent: and creativity might be just what is needed, because there is a long way to go until theo-called jamai coalion can be formally announced. it is called a jamaica coalition because of the party colors. it brings together the conservatives the business , friendly free democrats, and the green party. the first issues on the agenda, finance, public spending and taxes, just some of the contentious topics on the table.
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>> it is important for us to hold talks in an unbiased way. it is possible things work out. we are serious about finding common ground for a legislative period, but it is also possible there will not be enough similarities. correspondent: in front of the german bundestag, environmental activists sent their message to a potential jamaican coalition, the greens calling for coal power to be phased out, but the other parties are more skeptical with their energy policy and the hot topic. sarah: we will bring in political correspondent thomas sparrow who has been monitoring the discussions. the first full round of talks has just ended, earlier than expected, is that a positive sign? thomas: if there is something clear about the first round of talks among all four parties is that now the differences are on the table. it is something we heard from
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other participants after the meeting, although they did signal in some areas they had been able to find some common ground, for example, development aid. the conversation, whether they said afterwards was all about the clear differences that there are and there is still a long way to go. the differences became evident during the talks, that there are topics they will not be able to find agreement easily. but after a long day, today the parties simply realized how big of a challenge it will be. sarah: given the massive riffs we are seeing, why are these talks such a challenge for angela merkel? germany is traditionally governed by coalition. thomas: imagine this, angela merkel have to put together a coalition of parties that are on different parts of the political spectrum, ranging from the greens on the left, to the
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conservatives, in particular the cdu on the right, so her challenge is to make allies out of parties that are diametrically opposed in a wide range of issues. and a wide range of issues is what they are discussing. we had 48 presentations today during the discussions on 12 different topics, so you can imagine the challenge that these parties have in the next few days and weeks. sarah: in the meantime, there is the business of governing the country, isn't there? it could be january befe we see a new government which is able to turn over the new leaf. given this time of political limbo, what could this mean for angela merkel's leadership role, not only in europe, but in the world? thomas: not much if they manage to find a government in the next few weeks. the next phase is to go into smaller groups and discuss each of the 12 topics, but obviously there is a long way to go. not to mention they also have to
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consult their own bases, the different parties, so we can certainly say there is a long way ahead of us and the parties will at least be happy if by december they have a coalition in place. sarah: thomas, thank you. and as chancellor angela merkel tries to form a government at home, she has also been discussing brexit with the british prime minister and other eu leaders. a meeting today in brussels ended with the two sides still struggling with the terms of britain's divorce from the european union. angela merkel raised hopes that the talks may move on at the next summit in december. but she said that progress would depend on britain's financial settlement being agreed. correspondent: theresa may did her best to keep up appearances in brussels, but she offered a few new answers to the many questions that remain about brexit. how much is london willing to pay to settle its divorce bill, and when? it remains a mystery.
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prime minister may: the full and final settlement will come as part of the final agreement that we are getting in relation to the future partnership, and i think that is absolutely vital. correspondent: finances are the main sticking point between britain and the eu. >> britain still has to make a significant financial effort. at the moment, we are far off of a figure that takes long term financial commitments into account. >> the hope is we have come far enough by december that we will be able to move on to the next phase of negotiations, but it is up to britian to make that possible. correspondent: though friday morning's meeting did little to sweeten the relationship between britain and the eu, not all was lost. >> while progress is not sufficient, it does not mean there is no progress at all. correspondent: theresa may offered an olive branch, pledging to protect eu citizens in britain after the brexit process is completed. >> the u.k. and eu share the same objective of safeguarding
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the rights of eu nationals living in the u.k., and u.k. nationals living in the eu. eu citizens have made a huge contribution to our country and let me be clear, that whatever happens we want them and their families to stay. correspondent: nobody had expected a breakthrough, but friday's summit is unlikely to leave either side feeling satisfied. sarah: and council president donald tusk presented what is being called a leader's agenda to discuss the eu reforms proposed by the french president. we asked our dw correspondent max hoffman earlier about that agenda's aim. max: what you have at the moment is you have a very enthusiastic french president with a lot of energy, making a lot of propositions, suggestions, all over the place. and i think it is twofold. what donald tusk, the president of the eu council, is trying to do is give all of those visions
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and energy a little bit of structure so channeling what , emmanuel macron is proposing. and at the same time, not only channeling it, but preserving the ambition that is behind it, because what you have to think about -- you still have 28 member states that may not agree with everything that macron is saying, that is one problem. the other problem is, often in the past the eu leaders decided something in the summits, but nothing happened, they never followed through. they want to change that. donald tusk wants to change it by setting out a new agenda, giving it more pace and really , trying to settle also the issues that were contentious in the past. sarah: that was max hoffman in brussels. quick check of other stories making news. czechs have begun voting in a two-day parliamentary election that is expected to hand power over to a populist billionaire. the front runner, andrej babi, has pledged to stamp out corruption, boost investment and keep out refugees. but his movement is likely to need coalition partners to form a new government.
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and to the suicide bombings -- two suicide bombings have killed dozens in afghanistan. an attacker set off his explosives at a shiite mosque in the capital kabul, killing at least 39 people. and police say at least 33 people died in a separate bombing during the friday prayers at a sunni mosque in western ghor province. a warlord was apparently the target of the attack. and uganda's main opposition leader kizza besigye has been charged with attempted murder. he was arrested on thursday after his supporters clashed , with police during an opposition rally. police say that he ordered them to attack officers, they were demonstrating against a controversial bill proposing the removal of the president's age limit, allowing the current leader to extend his role. despite criticism that uganda has grown increasingly authoritarian, the country also often wins praise for the way it has welcomed refugees. the east african nation is currently hosting around 1.3 million people who have fled neighboring south sudan.
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now the policies followed by the , government are said to be among the most progressive in the world, with refugees given land and access to the labor market. the new numbers, the number of new arrivals however, have put a strain on the country's resources. we report on more. correspondent: the rains have been good this year in northwestern uganda. for the small farms here it is good news, especially those who don't have access from the nile or one of the lakes, that still depend on rainfall rather than irrigation. uganda usually receives enough rainfall to grow maize and plantains, even cash crops like coffee. it therefore stands out as a country able to feed itself, even when the rest of the region is suffering from drought. uganda's government is often accused of being authoritarian, but andrea from a german ngo, credits the leadership with a commitment to fighting hunger.
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>> i think the government is doing a big effort and they have a national plan, where they also put the issue of food security high on the agenda. but due to a lot of things like, for instance, a large influx of refugees, their resources are very strained and therefore they are very much dependent on external support and to cope with the situation. correspondent: uganda is home to over 1.3 million refugees, mainly from south sudan. and it has been lauded for its liberal policy. each refugee family gets a piece of land from which to feed itself. >> we planted eggplant on another plot and the quality was good. now we are out onions and we hope they will be good too. correspondent: the refugees also get food rations of maize and beans of from international organizations. the vegetables from the farm and rations are just enough for breakfast and one hot meal. naturally, the newcomers put a strain on the already limited resources.
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>> we have in uganda a high population density, we have a high population where we have a lot of youth. um, many of them face unemployment. the environmental issues are becoming more and more pressing so there are a lot of things , that the government has to deal with that actually limits their capacity to address the few security situation in the -- food security situation in the country. correspondent: one in four ugandans suffer from malnourishment today, access to a balanced diet is often limited by the fact people cannot afford certain foods come a rather than food not being available. so while uganda is generally able to feed itself, improving food security remains a major challenge. sarah: and we are going to the united states where to former presidents from across the aisle have come together to denounce trumpcare a politics. george w. bush and barack obama criticized deep divisions in
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today's america. it comes as the issue of hate speech takes center stage, especially since president trump refused to condemn a white supremacist march this past summer. on thursday, protesters stopped a white nationalist leader from speaking at a university in [yelling] correspondent: we do not want no nazi hate, their target is inside this florida university, a leading figure in the white supremacist movement, calling for a white state. instead, he was hounded down among heated exchanges. >> you are going to fail. correspondent: peering deadly violence -- fearing deadly balance, the governor declared a state of emergency. critics say that president trump's tacit support has encouraged the far right to rise. his attitude has now provoked an
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extraordinary scolding from not one but two former presidents. >> we have got folks who are deliberately trying to make folks angry. to demonize people who have different ideas. to get the base all riled up, because it provides a short-term tactical advantage. correspondent: george w. bush also avoided naming donald trump, but it was clear who was on his mind. >> bigotry seems in bold and -- emboldened, we seem vulnerable to fabrication and conspiracy theories. we have seen nationalism distorted into nativism, and we have forgotten that immigration -- what immigration has brought to america. correspondent: it began with the wall, these prototypes now under consideration. then donald trump said some neo-nazis who marched were fine
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people. last month, he slammed black football players for taking a knee to protest police brutality. >> thank you very much. correspondent: this week, conflict with what donald trump did or did not say to the widow of a dead u.s. serviceman. the hatred lies in the division that characterizes the trump era of u.s. politics, bringing point scoring to one woman's personal grief. sarah: danielle winter has the latest business news. the fallout from the catalonian crisis is deepening, right? daniel: and plenty to talk about from the business side of it. catalonian separatists that they held the trump card, the glittering economy, but now it seems businesses care more about stability. many firms have already packed their bags. and that gets the region worried.
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some say they will be out at the first sign of separation from spain. correspondent: it is break time at the technical university of catalonia. and time to let off some steam. the independence debate is a hot topic. it concerns the students and their futures. >> it will result in international and medium-sized companies leaving the region. it will be difficult to find work. i do not want to leave catalunya, my whole family lives here, but there is a possibility i will have to leave. correspondent: the political conflict is already taking its toll. volkswagen affiliate is one of the region's biggest employers. there are rumors that the carmaker is under pressure to leave catalunya. no comments from the company. on the other hand, the german
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business -- is happy to talk about things. these are designed for the factories of the future. they are made in barcelona and sent abroad. the business is enjoying double-digit growth, but could independent pose problems -- could independent pose problems? many are turning their backs on the region. >> i expect article 155 will not be triggered and independence will not be declared. early elections are a possibility. the whole affair could drag on, but we do not think drastic decisions will be necessary in the short term. we expect the political situation will calm down in the next weeks and months. correspondent: so they will stay for now, but others have already gone. daniel: general electric says they will share more than $120
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billion worth of assets in the coming months, that is with the new ceo of ge saying the capital missed expectations -- coming missed expectations. flannery said ge will have a simpler, more focused portfolio. analysts expect the company to get rid of transportation and lighting, among other divisions. investors are pushing for a big change after being frustrated by poor returns for more than a decade. and jens is on wall street for us, gee was already struggling despite the efforts over many years. what is holding it back? jens: general electric made a couple of wrong bets in the past couple of years. they invested heavily into the financial industry, that was even before jeffrey took over, then they took big bets in the energy markets.
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and then also, there seems to be something off with the corporate culture at general electric. they spent heavily on some fancy resorts for top management, a fleet of private jets and so on and so forth, so now a lot of work for john flannery. and we will learn more on november 13, when there will be a big investor meeting at their headquarters. the stock recovered quite a bit during trading, but the stock is still trading down by about 25% within the last year, so maybe some of the bets were already priced in. so far it is the worst in the dow jones industrial average. daniel: tough times. moving on, donald trump is looking into replacing janet yellen as the chair of the federal reserve. who is under consideration? jens: donald trump pretty much met with all possible
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candidates, and also with janet yellen, just on thursday. after the meeting, he said, i like her a lot. but on wall street bets are that it is a head-to-head race between powell, and also with an economist, an intellectual so to speak, john taylor. it is even possible donald trump could nominate both of them, one as chair and one as vice chair. at this moment it looks not likely that janet yellen will be nominated again when her term is over. daniel: we will wait and see on that front. have a good weekend. wind turbines are getting ever taller, to the frequent annoyance of those living nearby. take germany, which has made a big bet on renewables.
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in 2000, the average of german wind turbine measured just 100 meters, a little bit taller than the statue of liberty in new york. zoom out, these days the turbines reach about 185 meters, leaving them towering above cologne cathedral. experts suggest by 2025, the turbines may soar to 300 meters, the same size as the eiffel tower. all of which makes the wind turbine developed by environmental engineers almost tiny in comparison, measuring only 10 meters. it has one clear advantage though, with a little bit of know-how anybody can build their own. correspondent: this bicycle workshop is actually based inside of this container. recently, it was even kitted with knights.
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and music keeps the workers in a good mood. ♪ correspondent: the workshop is on the field of berlin's former airport. the power is generated by a homemade wind turbine that rises only 10 meters above the ground. >> what i find fascinating is you can build this complex product yourself, wind turbines are complex and many processes go into building one. they are also being built on a large scale. we have a lot of big turbines in germany, but the build one you do not need a high-tech factory. all you need is the know-how and some tools. correspondent: the turbine comes as a self-assembly kit. it costs around 400 euros and most components can be found in scrap yards. the engineers also give
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workshops to teach people how to build the turbines, along with know-how it takes concentration and patience. one of the students is jacob, he is going to sierra leone to pass on what he has learned. then people there will be able to use the kids to build their own -- kits to build their own. >> we want to create a model program to show people that renewable energy is a workable solution. we want to be able to say, look, you can do something too. you do not need to burn wood and gasoline to get energy. correspondent: the wind turbine at the park needs regular checks. this time, these two engineers are doing it themselves. they are convinced turbines can be useful in places that are not connected to the electric grid.
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>> if the turbine is built properly and has a decent size battery bank, it could supply energy to villages, or another country. correspondent: and the park bike workshop has other plans. soon, their turbine will supply power to antenna and three routers. then there will be free wi-fi, all things to the free wind energy. daniel: and a lot of energy on the pitch. sarah: the football pitch. because in germany, dortmund who travel different for on saturday, are in for a big action with back-to-back slipups in the bundesliga and champions league have them questioning themselves. correspondent: dortmund's lead over bayern munich has narrowed, their performance has been lackluster. the coach believes it is time to reflect. >> it is important to the coach
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to analyze yourself. we analyze our game, our players, we analyze ourselves. we do that even if ware winning. correspondent: following last weekend's defeat, and the draw midway, it appears the dutch culture's methods are having problems, but the results have been positive overall this season. >> i know it is not easy, we have an away game in frankfurt, but we have shown that on the road we are capable of being a dominant team. correspondent: but they will have to be on their guard. frankfurt has won three of their last home games against dortmund, but lost the last time. that was in the german cup final estimate. the coach is prepared for a tough clash. >> i expect to see a dortmund team that will make their presence felt on the pitch, and will show the form we witnessed before. even against that seek, i saw a
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good side. correspondent: dortmund's counterpart is going to frankfurt, expecting the same. sarah: you are up-to-date on dw news. i'm sarah kelly paired thank you for watching -- kelly. thank you for watching. see you next time. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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steves: the dramatic rock of cashel is one of ireland's most evocative sites. this was the seat of ancient irish kings for seven centuries.
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st. patrick baptized king aengus here in about 450 a.d. in around 1100, an irish king gave cashel to the church, and it grew to become the ecclesiastical capital of all ireland. 800 years ago, this monastic community was just a chapel and a round tower standing high on this bluff. it looked out then, as it does today, over the plain of tipperary, called the golden vale because its rich soil makes it ireland's best farmland. on this historic rock, you stroll among these ruins in the footsteps of st. patrick, and wandering through my favorite celtic cross graveyard, i feel the soul of ireland.
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♪ >> hello, and welcome to euromaxx. i'm louise houghton, and i'm here to take you through this special edition, focusing on democracy. ♪ strike a pose: the art of election campaign photography. remember the day: hambach castle is the cradle of german democracy. behind the scenes: a rare look into the halls of power at the reichstag. ♪ the elections have been the talk of the town this month in berlin. the real race is between current chancellor angela merkel, from the conservative christian democrats, and her main challenger, martin schulz,


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