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tv   NBC Nightly News With Lester Holt  NBC  January 29, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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it helps patients get the best care regardless if they can afford it. >> thanks for joining us. lester holt is next. >> bye. tonight new hope in the battle against covid, the first one shot vaccine, johnson and johnson announcing its vaccine is 72% effective of preventing covid in the u.s., not as high as pfizer or moderna but it does only require single dose and does not need cold storage how will it work against the south africavariant in the u.s? my one-on-one with dr. anthony fafauci of hisis message w worrs that johnson & johnson vaccine is not effective enough. will these new strains delay our
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returning to normalcy. the fbi say pipe bobs found near the capitol before the riot. >> the monster winter storm sweeping coast to coast and the deep freeze gripping the northeast. a video of a school officer body slamming the student, the family is speaking out. paying tribute to the hollywood icon this is nbc's "nightly news" with lester holt >> good evening everyone, we begin with major developments with the fight to control the pandemic johnson&johnson announced just ready to speak fda approval for its single shot vaccine of their critical phase 3 trial the j&j vaccine is not quite effective than the other vaccines already in the market that variant just discovered in the united states adding further
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urgency to lagging vaccination efforts. i spoke to dr. fauci a short time ago trying to get some clarity in all this. he had an interesting answer whether people can be reinfected from emerging variant of the virus. my interview is coming up in just a moment. let's start with tom costello. >> reporter: pandemic experts say the data today from johnson&johnson suggests doctors may have another effective tool to fight covid take a look at the numbers j&j says its vaccine is 72% effective at preventing covid in the u.s. 85% effective and preventing the most serious symptoms, that compares to the pfizer and moderna vaccines are 95% effective. importantly the company says it was less effective against the dangerous south african strain no one received the j&j vaccine went to the hospital or die of covid. >> we have 100% efficacy against
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going to the hospital, 100% efficacy against death this is a big result >> reporter: the j&j vaccine has two big advantages it requires one shot and not two like the others. it does not need to be kept at ultra cold temperatures, making it easier to ship and distribute it would be a mistake to compare j&j's 72% efficacy rate with a 95 efficacy rate >> to me, one shot is better than two because i hate needles and shots. >> reporter: some americans may choose the pfizer or moderna vaccine over j&j >> i don't mind having to come back for a second dose if it is going to be a little more effective. >> reporter: americans are told in advance which vaccines they are receiving. >> some americans are reluctant to get this vaccine. >> take what you can get and especially when you have a vaccine that's disinfected, we are lucky to have this
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>> reporter: one more important stat, while the j & j vaccine is 72% in the u.s., the flu vaccine is just 45% or 60% effective >> what's the timeline >> reporter: yeah, they could get emergency authorization within weeks the government already has a $1.5 billion with j&j for 100 million doses by the end of june, lester >> tom, thank you very much. today's development, i spoke a short time ago with dr. anthony fauci to get some perspective. i started off asking him if the new vaccine news was positive or disappointment >> this is actually good news. it is valued and the whole effort of getting more vaccine candidates into the mix. you know we have two successful vaccines that have emergency use authorizations the mrna from pfizer and moderna. this is another type of the vaccine.
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it is called a viral vector vaccine. even though the results show a 72% in the united states, it was a study that involved not only the united states but also south africa and brazil. the important point is that the protection against severe disease was very high even in south africa where the mutant is dominant even the numbers when you compare against mild to moderate disease, 72% verses 94% or 95%, clearly 94% and 95% is better but from a practical standpoint from what you want to do to keep people out of the hospital and prevent deaths, this is value added. number one, it is a single dose and much more convenient it does not require a stringent cold chain you can keep it refrigerated it is relatively cheap and the company can make billions of doses so it will have value.
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>> that leads to my next question, when you say effectiveness, is the goal to keep us healthy completely healthy uninfected or keep us alive? >> it is both. the most important thing that challenged us as you well know is what we have gone through with this extraordinary historic pandemic, we have about 430,000 deaths so one of the important things you want to do is to keep people out of the hospital. if you could also protect them against any kind of symptoms that would be good when you look at early disease, the johnson&johnson, is 72% effective. if you look down the pike at keeping people out of the hospitals and keeping them alive, that's where the value is at it. not quite as good against the early disease but against the serious consequences, it has done very well
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>> what do you say to folks who say i want the best, the most effective vaccine and this one just does not offer enough of it >> well, you know, first of all, people would want to get the choice of what they want there will be a messaging issue exactly for the reasons that we are discussing right now when you compare that initial number of 72% verses 94% to 95%, there very well may be people who actually prefer to have one dose, they would say the difference in efficacy against early disease does not make that much difference. so, i think there will be usefulness of it there will be some that say numerically is the best efficacy, that'll happen and that's the messaging issue >> let me ask you about the south african variant, we have seen a couple of cases in south carolina would you say it is localize and is not a big deal?
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>> it may be wishful thinking. we would hope that we could get our people vaccinated as quickly as psible befo anything spreads the way it is spread in south africa where it is clearly a dominant strain. when ever you see a couple of cases, you could be sure that you will see a lot more. it is not going to stop at a couple of cases. that's the nature of how that viruses spread >> as you see more variants, does that raise the risk of reinfection. people already have covid and potentially facing it again. >> that's an excellent question and that's what is seen in south africa when we were communicating with our many scientific and colleagues in south africa
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they would tell us something strange is going on right now. we have people infected several months ago and now with the new strain getting infected. the immune response induce to the first infection was not good enough to prevent the second infection. however, it appears that the vaccine itself appears to be better of inducing that kind of protection because they had anywhere from 50% to 88% severe disease. vaccination appears to be good or better natural infection than preventing further infection >> does this push back the calendar in terms of when life may appear to be normal again. is this putting pressure on your projection of that point >> possibly but not necessarily. i believe if we pay attention to these mutants and adapt the vaccines to upgrade them to do that that we still would be able to get to some form of normality as we get to the mid to late fall as i predicted a few months
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ago. it is going to require a good and efficient way of vaccinating as many people as possible >> and our thanks to dr. fauci for joining us he tells me he's growing more optimistic efforts to ramp up vaccinations rising concerns of those variants as more americans defy safety guidelines. here is miguel almaguer. >> reporter: labs like these across the nation, scientists are racing to discover more dangerous variants of the virus. the cdc is working with all 50 states to ramp up surveillance universities and hospitals are at the forefront detecting the virus mutations that's resilient to the vaccine >> we are worried of the south african variant because it appears to make the vaccine less
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effective. >> reporter: now the south african variant discovered in south carolina it is community spread a greater number of americans are currently infected spreading the variant and don't even know it >> we should be treating every case as if it is a variant during this pandemic right now >> reporter: it is possible though not certain some variants may make you sicker or deadlier. many do appear to be more contagious >> reporter: the u.k. variant is already becoming more prevalent in the u.s., nbc's janis mackey frayer is in china >> it is perhaps the perfect storm to fuel new variants and a deepening crisis miguel almaguer, nbc news.
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up next now the manhunt intensifying the person who placed two pipe bombs near the u.s. capitol discovered the day of the siege here is pete williams. >> reporter: the fbi says the bombs were planted the night before the capitol siege between 7:30 to 8:30 p.m these videos obtained by the fbi and "the washington post." the person believed to be the suspect walking through the neighborhood wearing a gray hooded face mask and carrying a backpack the bombs were placed outside the republican and democratic national party headquarters on capitol hill both devices appeared to be functional and made out of metal pipe it did not go off, 90 minutes before riots stormed the capitol.
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now the fbi has increased the reward for helping crack the criminal case to $100,000 as prosecutors continue rounding up people accused in the capitol riot, more than 170 charged so far. pete williams. now the impeachment trial of former president trump hitting republicans against each other and growing backlash against the republican congresswoman from georgia. here is peter alexander. >> tonight more democrats announcing marjorie taylor greene promoted false qanon conspiracy theory. corey bush announcing she's moving her office away from greene's office for her team's safety greene says bush started posting this video from earlier this month. >> this is how it is here now. this is how it is. >> reporter: most republicans have yet to condemn greene for her controversial comments after a facebook post in 2018 since been deleted greene claiming lasers from
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space or blue beams light causing the fires. it comes amid another republican >> reporter: singling out and voting to impeach mr. trump. >> you can help me break a corrupt system you can send a representative who actually represents you. >> reporter: kevin mccarthy urged his colleagues stop attacking one another and focus on democrats
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>> reporter: multiple sources say former president trump is talking about getting involved in primary races to defeat them. lester all right, peter, thank you. much of the country is about to get hammered by a big winter storm taking aim as a deep freeze settles in. al roker is tracking it all. what are we looking for? >> lester, brutally cold air already in place ahead of this storm. windchills of minus 22 to the low teens around the rest of the northeast. we got 52 million people under winter weather advisory and watches. we do know that we are looking for anywhere from 5 inches to 9 inches in chicago. we are looking to see this low pressure system developing along the coast. we'll continue to track and have a complete update for you tomorrow morning on saturday "today." lester >> thank you, very much. in 60 seconds, the game stop soars once again
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>> herere in wuhanan is startits field wowork just asas china is lockcking down i in some cititio stop newew varnts frfrom spreadg
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wall street capped off a wild week on game stop jo lynn kent explains. >> reporter: shares of game stop makes a come back. the scc is closely monitoring. after robinhood lifted restrictions on game stop's shares today major investors and hedge funds have kept buying and selling freely users driving up the prices of struggling retailer game stop causing hedge funds who bet fixed expense it to lose billions this week >> this is saying no, you can't screw us all around all the time we can't fight back. >> reporter: college student and
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part time worker says he made over a thousand dollars buying game stop and amc stocks >> what does it mean to you? >> i don't have to worry about hey, am i going to be able to afford textbooks up front. >> reporter: the ceo of robinhood descending his company. >> this was a risk management decision so we can protect the firm and our customers >> reporter: some of these customers now filing over a dozen lawsuits against robinhood and congress prepares to hold a hearing. lester >> jo lynn kent. up next, a mother of a teen, the officer slamming her daughter she speaks out
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the family of a student body slammed by a deputy at a florida school is speaking out gabe gutierrez with the video. it is disturbing >> reporter: you can hear the shock as other students watched. an officer body slamming the 16-year-old girl, her head hitting the concrete the deputy pulls her hands behind her back and handcuffs her. >> why did you do that to my daughter. >> reporter: -- she was very traumatized and so are we. >> reporter: the deputy does not
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have a mystery of misconduct >> the student was not complying with lawful commands she went after another student >> reporter: bracey's mother disputes that. ben crump has now taken on this case >> there was never a fight there was a verbal altercation, taylor never touched anybody and this police officer of what we see on the officer >> reporter: the video shows only a small portion of the story and the use of force was in fact justified. he's on paid leave as the case is turned over to state investigators. gabe g gutierrez, , nbc news ouour tribute e to a grounu brbreaking icocon.
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hollywood has lost a great one. cicely tyson >> reporter: there she was on tv this morning cicely tyson on her last interview recorded this week sharing a story about her mom pushing her carriage >> take care of this child she has a sixth sense. she's going to make you proud one day.
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>> reporter: she made a lot of people proud refusing parts that would demean african-americans, often going long stretches without work. >> i chose to do more positivity roles. >> reporter: roles like rebecca which earned her an oscar nomination in "sounder." she grew up in east harlem her big break was a model before her career took off. the first to star in a tv drama. >> reporter: from the autobiography to "family reunion. >> family reunion is about uniting. >> reporter: she wonon three ems anand at age 88, a tony. >> i don't work for money. i work because there were
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certain issues that were just about myself and my grace. >> reporter: it was tyson's role of a lifetime. cicely tyson was 96. what a life. that's "nightly news" this friday, thank you for watching everyone, i am lester holt, please take care of yourself and each other good night new hope in the battle against covid, the first one-shot vaccine, johnson and right now at 6:00, two grim milestones in santa clara county. >> more than 80% of the deaths are in persons over 65 years of age. >> the big problem south bay doctors say we're facing to get us out of this pandemic. also that new johnson & johnson vaccine. how does it work against the new variants, and would you get it even though it's less effective than the others? we get answers from infectious disease specialist at ucsf. this week's storms may be
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here and gone, but it washed a mountain of trash downstream. >> it isn't getting any better. this is not something that we can clean our way around. >> how the coronavirus is making it tougher to clean up this mess. the news at 6:00 starts right now. good friday. thanks so much for joining us. i'm janelle wang. >> and i'm raj mathai. it's a race against time. today marks one year since the first case of the coronavirus was confirmed in the bay area. it was in santa clara county. since then, our world has changed. but one thing isn't changing, at least right now, the shortage of vaccines. here's nbc bay area's anoushah rasta. >> reporter: one year after the bay area's largest county confirmed its first case of covid-19, the numbers tell the story. more than 100,000 confirmed cases across the county. more than 1,300 of those were fatal. >> it's more than 80% of the deaths are in persons over 65 years o


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