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tv   CBS News Sunday Morning  CBS  September 8, 2013 6:00am-7:31am PDT

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captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, where quality products for the american family have been a tradition for generations >> good morning. charles osgood is off today. i'm lee cowan and this is "sunday morning." we make a point around here of honoring genuine talent, especially in the arts, but what if that genuine talent is devoted to the creation of the non-genuine? before you rush to answer that question, consider the works of the dexterous painter who we've been talking to, the art of the fake is our "sunday morning" cover story.
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>> he has the eye and the hand of an artist. his works have been compared to some of the great painters of the 19th century, but here's the caveat: ken perenyi is now most famous for his fakes. do you think qowfers as an art forger? >> yeah. >> and you're okay with that? >> fine, yeah. for me, it was a contest of wits. >> he was good enough to dupe the art world, but is he a painter or a pariah? his story ahead. the beatles are certainly no fake, john, paul, george, ringo and frida, she's sort of fifth of the fab four. this morning mark strassmann has her story. >> millions of fans in the '60s pleaded for a small piece of beatlemania. >> grabbed one of them. i wouldn't hurt to them, just talk to them maybe. >> frida kelly always had a
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backstage pass as the only secretary the beatles ever had. >> you related to them on that level. >> yeah, i thought of myself as one of them. i was fan and still fan. >> the fab four and frida, her story ahead on sunday morning. >> the president who signed his name "woodrow wilson" was a lot more complex and a lot more human than history sometimes portrays him. mo rocca will show us the proof. >> he was if professor-turned president who wrote all his own speech, but woodrow wilson was no cold fish. >> who has time to write three love letters a day while the world is falling apart? >> well, woodrow wilson made the time because he couldn't serve as president unless he had the woman he loved basically. >> ahead on "sunday morning," the turbulent presidency of woodrow wilson. >> billy crystal has reached an
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age that many of us associate with retirement, but he's approaching it just the way you might expect, as he told our tracy smith. >> when my grandfather was 65, he looked 80, and he smelled 90. [laughter] >> billy crystal has no problem seeing the humor in getting old. >> at 60, i could do the same things i could do at 30. if i could only remember what the hell those things were. [laughter] >> he just doesn't want to be old. ahead on "sunday morning," one-on-one with billy crystal. okay. oh, man. oh! >> all right. your ball. >> you're so not 65. >> i know. your ball. >> jeff glor visits a school that puts the ed in phys ed. david end lstein saves us a seat at the movie, steve hartmann introduces us to a weightlifter that will lift your heart and more, but first, here are the sudlines for sunday morning, the 8th of september, 2013. the white house says president obama will speak to the nation
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about syria tuesday night. mr. obama's address comes the day before a key senate vote on a resolution authorizing limited use of american force in response to alleged syrian use of chemical weapons. there were demonstrations opposing america's military action in cities across the country yesterday. at the vatican, pope francis told a crowd in the thousands that violence and war are never the way to peace. a jubilant japan celebrated yesterday after the international olympic committee announced that tokyo will host the 2020 summer games. the japanese capital beat out istanbul for the honors. the german magazine der spiegel out today reports the u.s. national security agency has the ability to access all smartphones and determine the users' locations. at the u.s. own, it's serena williams versus victoria azarenka on the women's side while dzhokhar tsarnaev will
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face off against long-time rival raphael nadal on the men's side tomorrow. you can see the women's final here on cbs later today. and in case you haven't heard, there are reports that bruno mars will get the biggest gig of his life, playing the halftime show at next february's super bowl. now here's today's weather: summer hangs around just a little bit longer in the plains with temperatures in the 90s while further west hail, gusty winds and isolated tornadoes may develop. the week ahead starts off mild in the northeast with chance of storms mid-week. next... >> well, i just felt if i can outsmart them, so much the better. >> the art of the fake. ♪ come on. come on ♪ >> and later,,,
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>> the collector who falls for the art of the fake is likely to feel embarrassed, to say the least. not so the fakeer, who has taken so many of those collectors in. we spoke to a painter who prides himself on being a master forger, and his nefarious work is the subject of our "sunday morning" cover story. the story you're about to hear is a confession of a talent tempted, of a painter driven into a darker form of art.
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>> well, i just felt that if i can outsmart them, so much the better. >> his name is ken perenyi, self-taught for the most part. >> i learned to paint by looking very carefully at paintings in museums. i just felt that if i had paints and brushes, i could do that too. i was convinced. >> he learned well. his steady hand, his eye for detail are often compared to many of the 19th century masters. but perenyi didn't just use his paintbrush to please. for him, his art was also a con. >> it was me against the experts. can i outsmart them again? can i outwit them? can i succeed? can i make a fake and pass it off as an original? >> you heard right, "make a fake." perenyi spent a lifetime ripping off art dealers and auction
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houses by painting fakes so accurate that few could tell the difference between his forgeries and the real thing. >> did you get a rush from doing it? >> yeah, sure. >> it was addictive? >> absolutely. risk is addictive, whether it's gambling or the stock market, it's like going out for the hunt. >> this here is a morten johnson heed that i painted. >> not a martin johnson? >> he's not apologetic about his misdeeds. in fact, he's downright proud. >> it's something that i'm particularly pleased with. >> the detail is amazing. >> thank you. yeah. >> he carefully nurtured his dubious craft in a way many cherish a fine wine. and he's now written a tell-all book: "caveat emptor," buyer beware, detailing every dirty deed he did. you're certainly not asking
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anybody's forgiveness. you're gloating about it, about getting away with it. >> i wouldn't characterize it about gloating. i'd say it's being honest. >> perenyi never meant to be a forger. he had meant to be an artist in his own right when he started in the 1960s in new york, but his original work wasn't getting much attention. so he turned to a small flemish portrait he had once copied out of a book. it became the first fake he ever sold. >> as i was approaching the gallery, i started getting very nervous. i was begood evening to realize, maybe this was crazy. but i forced myself to do it. >> his sales pitch was always simple and calculated. you were very careful not to ever pass your fakes off as real. you went in and sort of played dumb, said, i don't really know what this is, i bought it at a garage sale and found it somewhere, what do you think, and let them make their own judgment. >> in a sense i guess i got a perverse pleasure out of it.
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i like to present the painting and let the expert explain to me what i have. >> you'd stand there watching them go over the painting inch by inch. >> that was part of the pleasure of the whole thing. >> he, of course, is not first art forger, but perenyi is perhaps one of the most prolific. he learned to imitate an astonishing range of 19th century painters, like maritime artist james buttersworth, known for the delicate lines on his sails. this is an original buttersworth. now look at ken's forgery of a buttersworth. >> that's all done free-hand. nothing is drawn in with pencils or anything. that's actually done with a brush, and you have to have an incredibly steady hand to achieve that. and that's what buttersworth was noted for, and even that little ship there, if you look very closely, has lines painted as fine as a human hair painted on it. >> how did you learn how to do that? >> a lot of practice. >> there's john f. herring,
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whose equestrian paintings had a unique look. >> this is one of my favorites right here. >> ken copied him, as well, right down to the bootstraps. >> he took particular care in the boot and the saddle and in the face of the jockey. and it is a very difficult technique to understand and master. >> but the crown jewel of his forgeries was a martin johnson heed. in 1994, it went on the sotheby's auction block as an original. that night he took home a receipt for $650,000, money to be wired to his account. is that your biggest score you ever had? >> on one painting, yeah. just typical business. >> just typical business. >> yeah. >> to you maybe, not to most people. >> all these little loss where the paint slipped off, you've done all of that on purpose?
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>> oh, absolutely, yeah. >> it wasn't only the paintings themselves he forged. >> i like the effects of age. >> he learned to fake time himself. >> i often like to look at the backs of my paintings and hang them this way. >> because you're more proud of that? >> yeah, yeah, i think this is an illusion that i like to create. how well can you making something look really old that's all brand-new? >> he became an expert at faking the forensics of a painting, weathering wooden frames, staining a perfectly new canvas to make it look old. >> it discolors through the years, and i learned to simulate that. >> so that's all made up? >> it's all made up. it's all brand-new. >> he mimicked chalk marks left by auction houses and recreated stamps from dealers. >> that's a new stamp. i make those on copy machines and then stain them with tea and glue them on there. >> you've got a process for everything. >> yes.
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>> even the nails he used to pin the canvas down were period. >> okay. >> but perhaps most important of all, is his ability to replicate how oil paint cracks with age. there are patterns, he says, like a spider web, that with heat and the right chemicals he can reproduce like father time himself. >> this is a very beautiful example of a portrait with a very fine cracking pattern. >> and if you look at these closely, you'll see a nice sweeping pattern to them. that's a nice touch of authenticity. it's an ongoing process. i'm still perfecting it today. >> he says today because he's still painting fakes. only now he sells them as fakes. the look of the real thing for much cheaper. but why come clean now? well, because he almost got caught. the f.b.i. had been investigating forgeries at the
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big auction houses, sotheby's and christie's and had traced a few suspected paintings back to perenyi. but he dodged their questions saying he didn't know the origin of the paintings. he had just passed them along. >> were they ever wrong in any of their accusations? >> no. >> they nailed it. >> sure, yeah. it was pretty hard to deny it. >> and yet the f.b.i. never filed charges, even perenyi isn't sure why. all he knows is that now no one can touch him. the statute of limitations on his misdeeds has run out. >> you lied to the agents. >> yeah, i would say so, yeah. but, well, that's in my world that's vital. it's part of the game. >> as you might imagine, it was no game to those in the art world. >> so what is, ken, in your mind? >> a thief. essentially he's a thief on the
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loose. >> brenda simonson-mole is an art appraisor in dallas. she read perenyi's bold confession with disgust. >> it does irritate me. it's bank robbery with a paintbrush. >> but if you ask him, he says it's pretty much a victimless crime. >> it's not really a victimless crime. someone ends up with essentially fool's gold, you know, on their walls. >> while he's up front now about his fakes, he left a very long trail. he estimates there are about 1,000 of his forged works still out there, duping would-be buyers to this day. >> it's like bumping into an old friend, you know, it's good to see where they've gone in the world. >> but don't we all suffer a little from having fakes out there? >> i don't think so. i think that i've made a contribution to the art world. >> beauty is in the eye of the
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beholder, as they say, so whether you see him as painter or a conartist, perenyi himself seems most proud of being both. >> a real sticking point coming up. ♪ the only thing we have to fear is... fear itself. ♪ ♪ ♪ [ male announcer ] 1.21 gigawatts. today, that's easy. ge is revolutionizing power.
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>> my name is tape. stick we many and i'll be your best friend. >> now a page from our almanac, the day the 3m company shipped out its first role of cellophane tape. a research team led by richard drew had spent nearly a year developing the clear, sticky tape, which 3m proceeded to market under the brand name "scotch." from first, sales of the new all-purpose tape were on a roll, boosted by the demonstrations of its toughness, strong enough to tow a car, too strong for mr. america to pull aparts. by the 1950s, a series of tv ads made their debut, starring cartoon pitch man scotty mctape. >> it's smooth sailing with scotch brand cellophane tape.
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>> i am thrifty. >> in 1978 the ubiquitous tape became a pop culture artifact when "saturday night live" imagined a store that sold nothing else. >> oh, welcome to scotch boutique. >> do you sell any recording tape here? >> new york just the sticky kind. >> see, i told you. >> next time you need the sticky kind, you'll know where to come. >> participants in an art show in britain last year didn't need to be sold on scotch tape's virtue, rolling out a series of remarkable sculptures fashioned from little more than just a few roles of tape. although research engineer richard drew died in 1980, the company still adheres to the standard of convenience he pioneered. manufacturing more than 900 types of tape, enough each year to circle the world 165 times,
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proof positive that when customers find a product that they like, they'll stick to it. >> up next, a real education. and later... >> at 65 when you go out the eat and tell the family that dinner is on you, you mean it literally. >> crystal clear. >> it's on your chin, it's on your shirt, it's on your pants. copd makes it hard to breathe...
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it's nice to have the experience and commitment to go along with you. aarp medicare supplement insurance plans, insured by unitedhealthcare insurance company. keep dreaming. keep doing. go long. >> that famous jacket. >> he's worth dead than he was alive. michael jackson tonight on "60
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>> school is back in session around the country and starts tomorrow at the urban dove team charter school here in new york city. it's a school that goes against the grain. instead of cutting back on phys ed classes, it's actually using sports as a hook to draw in at-risk students. our jeff glor paid a visit to ask its founder just how he does it and why. >> when you first told people you wanted to start a school based around sports, physical acttivities. >> you're crazy. >> that was the reaction you got? >> you're crazy. what are you doing? why would you do that? starting a school is an extremely difficult proposition. >> perhaps even more difficult because jay nanda decided to launch his new school last year in in the bedford-stivson neighborhood of new york city. >> we've seen a lot of high school drop-outs, a lot of obesity. we've created a school that attacks health issues where it's
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so critical. >> you're inside a church. >> for now. >> the lab for this school is two floors of this pentecostal church, which he's renting until he finds a permanent home. the kids come here from all over the city. 93% live below the poverty line. many never showed up for class at their old schools. but nanda actively recruits kids that other schools have given up on. >> so when you go to these schools and say, give me your worst students, their reaction is? >> awesome. great. and from... not from a we don't like them, but someone else can educate them and get them to be successful, great. we can't do it. you want 'em, you got 'em. it's a win for everybody. >> nanda's approach was to flip the whole idea of school on its head. at a time when only six states require phys ed in every grade and nine states require recess, he decided to make sports the cornerstone of his program. when students here arrive at
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school, they don't sit behind a desk. they spend the first three hours of every day with their team and coaches. they play basketball, lift weights, jump rope, use punching bags, ride bikes and do yoga. >> physical education, sports, athletics, i think it's being dismissed. we need to recognize that a full education requires that kids are active. >> what is it about sports? >> it's fun. kids enjoy doing it. i think there's something special about being on a team. kids look at a coach differently. they're willing to share. they're willing to listen. hey, what's going on? what's the problem? why are you angry? why are you upset? it's me, coach. that's a unique conversation. >> you can do that. >> that may be what's most unique about the program. when kids go to social studies, english and math, their coach goss with them, sitting in
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class, helping with homework and sorting out problems. we caught up with one of the coaches, alanna arthurs. >> we see them bright and early in the morning, and then we're the last person to see them at the end of the day. >> you see them in the gym. you see them in the classroom. >> in the hallway. i follow them. it's weird. >> you follow them? >> yes. >> why? >> as soon as they walk out that classroom, i am behind them, trying to find out, you know, why did you walk out? what's wrong? i feel the need personally to find out what's going on, how can i help, how can i fix it and how can i get do you back in the classroom so you can continue to learn. >> when we visited last spring, two of the school's star students were mia and cheniel. mia says there were many reasons she didn't go to her old school. >> you could cut class, there were fights. here i don't feel like leaving because it's fun.
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>> do you like having sports for three hours in the morning. does that tire you out? >> i'm ready for class after that. i have more energy. i'm just sweaty but i'm not tired. >> it was jay nanda's experience as a coach that first led him to create an after-school program for inner-city kids in 1998. his idea was to reach at-risk students by challenging them to lead younger children. >> it's all about empowerment, giving them the responsible toy deliver the lesson, be the mentor, the role model. once you have that as a foundation, then they're willing to transform all kinds of things in their lives. >> over the past 15 years, hundreds of teens have gone through the after-school program, and nanda says the resultses speak for themselves. over 98% graduate from high school and college attendance rates are at 95%. based on that success, and a federal grant, nanda was able to start his charter school, but not everything has been easy. you've lost some kids. you've had to kick some kids out. >> yep. >> realistically, how many of
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these kids can you keep and succeed with? >> we started with about 108 kids. right now we're at about 95. so we've lost about 10% of our kids over the first year. that's not bad. >> one of the true believers is darrin rippy, head coach and guidance councilor. he's constantly in motion, herding kids into class. >> keep it moving. >> intervening when there is a problem. >> i'm going to contact your mother. >> rippy keeps families on speed dial and spends a lot of his time disciplining kids, including 15-year-old gillette hood. he's battling anger issues. we were there when gillette returned to school with his grandma after a week suspension. she was furious. >> she said, you are not that guy that you're trying to be. you're perpetrating a fraud. >> you have to make sure that you're helping the situation instead of hurting it, correct? >> so when you get ready to get angry and stuff like that, i want you to picture me in your face, okay? picture grandma.
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what i'm going to give you when you get back home. you would have been in another school, police would have been involved. >> i promise to do better i guess. i mean, i know. >> lots of students at urban dove are still struggling. like gillette. but he's grateful to have a second chance, and he's trying to turn things around. you've lost 65 pounds since you've been here? >> yeah. >> do you feel better about yourself? >> of course. i feel perfect about myself. >> perfect about yourself? >> yes. >> with so much stacked against these students, small victories are worth celebrating, and they're part of the reason why nanda is already looking ahead. >> there's too many kids that need something to help them, and if we've figured out a way to help a group of kids do it, then we've got to help more kids do it. >> if we come back in a few years. >> yeah. >> where will these kids be? >> on their way to graduating high school and going on the
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college with all the skills and all the tools they need with no obstacles in their mind as to what their future can be. >> year two at urban dove starts tomorrow. while mia won't be there, her family is moving to new jersey, most of the students will return, along with 85 new classmates. nearly doubling the school in size. ♪ oh i get by with a little help from my friends ♪ >> ahead, how the beatles got by with a little help from her. ,,,,,,,,,,
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♪ oh yeah i. tell you something ♪ i think you'll understand and i ♪ say that something i want to hold your hand ♪ >> "i want to hold your hand," of course, a classic by the beat beatle, john, paul, george and ring, you but just off stage holding their hand was freeda. freda, you ask? mark strassmann explains. >> in 1962, the beatles were a liverpool bar band. freda kelly was a legal secretary who watched them play
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during her lunch hour. she was just 17. ♪ she was just 17 and the way she looked ♪ was way beyond compare >> once i saw them, that was it. >> what was it about them that was so different in >> the whole attitude, the way they were on stage. ♪ i saw her standing there >> i got to know them very well because they lived near many. >> brian epstein, the beatles' manager, knew she was a secretary and offered her a job. she said yes. >> i didn't tell home because my father wasn't... didn't approve of the beatles, so i kept it to myself. i handed in my notice at work and they didn't believe me. they didn't know them. they'd never heard of them, and i explained, and they said, oh, you'll be back within a year. and that's how it started really. so the year turned into ten years. >> over time they became the fab four, the world's most famous band. she became a trusted friend to all of them.
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>> on behalf of us all, i'd just like to say a great big thank you to our secretary, freda kelly. >> freda! >> i did not know she was the beatles' secretary until a few years ago. >> filmmaker ryan white got to know kelly while visiting relatives in liverpool. >> i was really drawn to the idea of this girl who was picked for the job of a lifetime and throw into this whirlwind and never tried to cash in and never sought out the fame. in fact, she sought out anonymity for the last 40 years. >> two years ago she finally sat down to tell her stories about beatlemania in this new documentary called "good old freda." >> i was 17, so naturally i did have crushes on them. if paul liked look nice or sang a song for me or something, like i was in love with paul that day. if george offered me a lift home from work, well, i'd with in love with george that day and i'd think, yeah, yeah, i definitely fancy george. >> did you go out with any of them? >> no.
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half. >> in 1963, "please please me" became their first number-one hit to top the british charges. she became their official fan club president. >> silly me. i gave out my home address as the fan club address. ♪ love me do >> the postman knocked on the door, and he said to me, who gave this address out? you've got 200 letters here. and i said, sorry, won't do it again. anyway, little did he know, within the next few months, the beatles became more famous, and instead of just 200 letters, they were coming in bundles, and those bundles came in sack, so the van rode up. how stupid, you know. >> you were a teenager. >> i just didn't think. >> she has unusual memories about each of them. >> you were fired by john lennon. >> yes.
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>> tell me that story. >> for about five minutes. he looked at me like i was only joking. i said, no you weren't. and he said, face up, messing. i said, i'm not messing. and i said, get down on your hands and knees and beg me to come back. and he said, i'll meet you half way. and i said, what's half-way? and he said, i'll get down on one knee. so at least i had john on one knee. >> for a time people thought paul got down on one knee for her. >> somebody saw us and i got a quote and they got a quote, paul was not marrying freda kelly. >> by the early 1970s, the beatles' long and winding road had ended, but kelly still had a fan club to run. >> you don't have a group
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anymore. >> she gave away boxes of memorable to fans. >> you gave away fortune. >> you don't know it's a fortune. to me it all ended. kelly started a new life and family. she said her grandson nile is the reason she's telling her story. she still lives in liverpool and works at a law firm. you're still a secretary. >> still a secretary, yes. >> do you miss the old days? >> no. i like to think i've proved on. we visited strawberry field, new york's tribute to john lennon in central park. 40 years later, freda kelly is also still a beatles' fan. has it been fun to talk about, to remember? >> it has been fun to remember. and i know i got on with them well and everything. but i was very, very lucky. and i actually got paid for it, as well.
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>> on my real birthday... >> coming up. >> on my 16th birthday, birthday. >> there's actually a name for this. >> you know, motto, you know, motto.
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[ cherry ] nothing leaves you feeling cleaner and fresher than the cottonelle care routine. so let's talk about your bum on facebook. where to next? >> now contributor faith saley speaking out. >> america's young women are running out of oxygen. what else could explain why so many of them sound like this.
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>> sooo cute. so ooo cute. >> hiii. hiii. >> it's like my motto, mott owe. >> kim and chloe just don't get it, get it, get it. believe it or not, there's a scientific term for the way the kardashian speaks and it's vocal fry, it's a low, creek owe vibration. speech pathologists call it a disorder that verges on vocal abuse and hearse what it looks like. call it a quirk, a trend or an epidemic, vocal fry is everywhere. >> i'm in the staying here tonight, tonight. >> the only reason i'm going is to network, network. >> a recent study of women in college found that two-thirds of them use this, which explains why the fry is a sizzling topic in the "new york times," on morning tv. >> sounds something like this? aaaaaahhh. >> even for an npr host.
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it's annoying. i mean, it's really annoyyyying. >> when i was a between, the valley girl was born, she brought us like and uptalk and there's been a general cultural agreement that, that kind of speech leaves the user founding air headed. women who talk this way, the vocal fry, are seen as educated, urban oriented and upwardley mobile. >> you love him and he totally complements you. >> some lynn gists say creeky young ladies are evolving our culture. >> tyler has a good reputation in this business, business. >> while metaphorically i encourage every woman to find her voice, i'm dismayed at how loooow it can gooo. on my 16th birthday, i'm burned out on the fry. it sounds underwhelmed and disengaged.
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it's annoying to listen to a young woman who sounds world weary and exactly like her 14 best friiiiends. >> next, woodrow wilson,,,,,,,,,
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>> woodrow wilson is widely considered to be one of our greatest presidents, but he also happened to be a great romantic. mo rocca has prepared a presidential portrait. >> when you hear the name "woodrow wilson," you might think aloof, intellectual, the professor-turned president with the pants nor glasses. and, yes, that's how it's pronounced. >> he's the college professor with the pants nay, so he's easy to bash. >> and that's a french word. >> that's a french word, good one. >> in his new biography of the
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28th president, a. scott berg wants you to know that wilson was no cold fish. >> woodrow wilson was an extremely emotional, romantic man. i don't think there's been a more emotionally turbulent presidency than wilson's. >> [inaudible] >> born in stanton, virginia, the son of a presbyterian minister, wilson from a very early age was imbued with moral purpose. >> it's quite amazing. here's woodrow wilson at nine years old drafting a constitution for his little league baseball team. it's got to be the little league team to this day with its own constitution. >> for college he ventured north to new jersey to what would become princeton university. >> is it true that when he got to princeton as an undergraduate he had never heard the star-spangled ban center >> that's true. he had never heard it. he was a southern boy. >> he would return to princeton
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as it's president, transforming what had become something of a country club into a first-rate university. the political bosses of new jersey took notice and made him an offer he couldn't refuse. >> to run for governor of new jersey, which at the time, is perhaps the most corrupt state in the union. >> i think you can take the perhaps out. in 1910, the very corrupt democratic machine of the very corrupt new jersey says, who is the squeaky cleanest man in all of new jersey we could run as our puppet? >> but wilson would be nobody's puppet. he does get elejted, and the first thing he does is kick out the machine, and nobody everybody in the country is saying, who is this? >> within two years he was elected to the white house. turned out our only president with a ph.d. knew how the connect with the masses. >> he never spoke down. he always raised the audience to
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his level. this had a magical effect, especially on the uneducated, because they felt better about themselves for having heard him and understood him. >> we want to establish a real partnership between all the people and the federal government. >> wilson didn't just go to the people. he went to capitol hill, becoming the first president in 110 years to address congress in person. he would do so 25 times in his first term alone. his progressive agenda sailed through. the establishment of the federal reserve, the eight-hour work day, workman's comp, but on one issue he was decidedly unprogressive. >> under his watch, the district of columbia and the federal government were segregated racially. big backward step. >> woodrow wilson didn't invent segregation, but he certainly institutionalized it in the government offices in washington, dc, which in effect
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sanctioned segregation throughout the country. >> by 1914, the world was at war. the u.s. remained neutral at first. meanwhile, wilson's own world was crumbling. his wife ellen lay dying. >> there's a moment when he's literally writing a letter to the heads of state in europe saying, must you really proceed with war. he's writing that with one hand and holding his dying wife's hand with the other. >> but only months after her death... wilson would fall madly in love with edith bolling. >> she was first woman with a driver's license in the district of columbia. >> she had wheels. >> she had wheels, yeah. >> wilson lobbied hard for her. who has time to write three love letters a day while the world is falling apart? >> well, woodrow wilson made the time, he would tell you, and
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this was more important because he couldn't serve as president unless he had the woman he loved basically. >> wilson wooed her during long drives. this was his 1919 pierce arrow. >> this was his car. it was part of the white house fleet. >> really nice. very comfortable. >> it is. >> edith became the second mrs. wilson. she was very bucks -- buxom. >> yes, yes, and don't think sigmund freud didn't make a lot of that when he wrote about wilson and his marriage. >> he did. >> like he needed a mother? >> absolutely. >> wilson was reelected as the man who kept us out of war, but within weeks of his second inauguration, he declared the world must be made safe for democracy. so it's an about-face. >> it is an about-face and it's the underpinnings of our foreign policy today.
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>> american sent two million doughboys to europe and wilson was welcomed as the savior of the world. >> it's bigger than anything napoleon or caesar saw. does all this adulation somehow affect him? i think he still remained the preacher's son with a christ complex. >> wilson would spend six months in paris, his mission, to establish a league of nations to prevent all future wars. >> if we had some kind of international parliament where every nation could sit, this could ostensibly stop all war. >> the league is the vital and compelling part of the treaty. >> the u.s. senate balked, so in 1919, wilson took his case to the people, a grueling 29-city tour. but outside pueblo, colorado, he collapsed. days later, he suffered a stroke and took to his bed, the left
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side of his body paralyzed. edith took control. how much control is still debated. >> was edith wilson the first female president of the united states? she would be first to tell you she made no decisions he would not have made. that being said, nothing got to the president without passing through edith's hands first. >> but not even edith could convince wilson to compromise on even minor details concerning the league. the senate would vote down wilson's peace plan. the u.s. would not enter the league. dooming it. do you think it could have prevented world war ii? >> yeah, i'll go on the record. i think a league of nations, wilson's league of nations could have stopped world war ii. >> a controversial take on a controversial president whose influence is with us today. >> we stand in the presence of an awakened nation.
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it is a new age. >> the most lasting peace of the wilson legacy has to be that one line, "this world must be made safe for democracy." for good or for bad, that really has become the foundation of our foreign policy. whenever this country even thinks of intervening in syria or in egypt or iraq or wherever... >> it started with wilson. >> it's really that wilson notion that there is a moral obligation. >> you're right. >> ahead... >> thank you. >> you're welcome. >> ...a different sort of superhero. ,,,,,,,,
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female narrator: through sunday, it's posturepedic through sunday, it's posturepedic versus beautyrest with up to $400 off. serta icomfort and tempur-pedic go head-to-head with three years' interest-free financing. mattress price wars end sunday at sleep train. ♪ your ticket to a better night's sleep ♪ >> human strength can be measured in a lot of different ways. as steve hartman takes the measure of one man who is always raising the bar. >> unlike most superhero,
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jonathan still lives with his parents. >> jonathan, come on. >> unlike most superhero, jonathan doesn't wake up ready to save the world. >> were you sleeping? >> and unlike most superhero, jonathan was born with down syndrome. >> you were sleeping. >> nevertheless, as you'll see in a minute, he's still one powerful crusader. by day, 31-year-old jonathan is a mild-mannered bag boy at the acme grocery store in wilmington, delaware. caped in a yellow vest, he rescues stray grocery carts from the parking lot and hands out stickers to the kids. >> thank you. >> you're welcome. >> tender on the inside. >> i love kids. >> solid rock on the outside. how did you get that way? >> i don't know. >> you don't know? >> work out. >> you work out a little bit? more than a little bit. it's here at the gym where jonathan unleashes his inner hulk. [roars] >> that was a good one. no doubt about it. that's what you do every time
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you win? >> yes. >> john is an incredible power lifter. not an incredible special olympics power lifter, just an incredible power lifter period. he competes in regular matches, often placing in the top three. the guy can bench press over 400 pounds. >> you just take it all in and you walk away going, wow, did i really just see what i saw? >> brandon mcgovern is job than's trainer. he says he's constantly amazed at jonathan's drive. >> he's a competitor. he strives to be as good as he can be at whatever he puts himself into. >> of course, the real heavy lifting was done years earlier by his parents, liz and hank. they never coddled john. they raised him same as their other boys. great things were simply expected. although they have to admit, they do pinch themselves now at how well it all worked out. your son is admired by people. that had to be something you could have never fathomed.
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>> no, not even ever, ever thought of when you hold a little baby and they tell you he has down syndrome. john changed our life. >> they're especially proud that he tries just as hard on his job as he does on his lifting. his boss here says you couldn't ask for a better employee. yes, he's strong enough to bend a cart, but he's never so much as bruised a banana. you never crushed some eggs? >> oh, please. >> a superhero with a soft touch who actually takes your groceries to the car. >> thank you so much. >> you're welcome. >> you have a good day. >> okay. thank you. >> good-bye. >> when you're 65 you're surprised by what now turns you on. >> next, billy crystal taking stock. >> and still to come, we shine a light on the lava lamp. this is an rc robotic claw.
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my high school science teacher made me what i am today. our science teacher helped us build it. ♪ now i'm a geologist at chevron, and i get to help science teachers. it has four servo motors and a wireless microcontroller. over the last three years we've put nearly 100 million dollars into american education. that's thousands of kids learning to love science. ♪ at cool? and that's pretty cool. ♪ asthat is why i'm through thed moon to present our latest and that's pretty cool. innovation, tempur choice. it features an adjustable support system that can be personalized with a touch of a button. so both of you can get the best sleep possible...together.
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goodnight love chickens. ...excuse my english, love birds.. (pop) (balloons popping) i can see the edge of my couch! (balloons popping) >> rites going to kill me, get on with it. if not, shut the hell up.
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i'm on vacation. >> it's "sunday morning" on cbs. and here again is lee cowan. >> "city slickers" may have take an bit of the city out of billy crystal back in 1991, but while he still looks young, he's reached the age when a lot of folks fear they're being put out to pasture. not him. tracy smith now with our sunday profile. >> the one thing i don't worry about is dying in my sleep. because i'm never asleep. >> what keeps you up at night? >> everything. i'm a baby. i sleep like a babiment i'm up every two hours. >> i try everything to fall asleep. i tried a glass of red wine for a few months. i still couldn't sleep and ended up in betty ford. >> is the insomnia a recent thing? >> new york i've been up since 1948. >> at 65, billy crystal doesn't seem to have time for sleep. he's one of the biggest entertainers of a generation,
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actor, director and author of a new book about being 65. >> when you're 65, you're surprised by what now turns you on. you look at dame edna and you think... [laughter] >> this routine at new york university was actually a recording session for the audio version of "still fooling 'em," crystal's take on getting old, not always gracefully. >> during the past year, i saw my dermatologist more than i saw my grandkids. my ass looks like the bottom of a boat. i don't shower anymore. i'm sandblasted twice a week. >> the book is part comedy, part memoir, the same mix that won crystal a 2005 tony award for his one-man show "700 sundays," based on his memories of growing up in long island, new york. >> sundays was our day to go toe boardwalk or play baseball or
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even go to a broadway show. on sunday night we went out because on sunday night jews are not allowed to eat their own food. oh, no, no, no. that is in the bible. >> for crystal, nostalgia on stay is fine, but you'll never catch him watching himself. >> you know, i never looked at... well, except for little snippets of very much of anything i've done in the last 15, 20 years, because i'm... i'll always find an out. >> so you can't watch it. >> i don't watch it anymore. i've never seen the oscar snows. >> you've never seen the oscar shows? >> i know me. i'll start... i'll take my little shrimp fork and start poking at it. if it feels good, leave it alone. >> crystal has hosted nine oscar ceremonies masterfully if not always easily. in 1992 he was all smiles and so sick he could barely stand. >> i had 103 temperature that year.
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coughing,son throat, couldn't hear. i was really almost deaf because it was an ear infection. >> it was a great night anyway. musical number and all. >> and then they took me into the producer's office and gave me an iv of fluid so i could finish the show. >> you had an iv in order to finish the show. >> yeah, that night. >> crystal didn't take home an oscar himself that night. he's yet to be nominated for one, but he does own a share of movie immortality. >> what, what? >> are you the miracle max who worked for the king all those years? >> the king's stinking son fired me and thank you so much for bringing up a such a painful subject. why don't you give me a paper cut and pour lemon juice on it while you're at it. we're closed! >> pepper, pepper. pepper. waiter, there is too much pepper. >> turns out crystal improvised this classic scene from "when
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harry met sally" what director rob reiner's blessing. >> i said to rob, you know when you start to like a girl and you show her this side of you, to me it's a voice. it started with that pepper, pepper please to repeat after me. and then meg played along with it. and we... i get her to repeat stuff. >> i would be proud to partake of your pecan pie. >> no. >> and she looks off and she goes, oh, no, she's looking at rob, and it's like a great moment, and it's very sweet. >> all right. you guys call yourself comedy writers, call yourself ex-comedy writers. you're fired, you're fired, you're fired. you're fired. >> i don't work here. >> you're hired. now you're fired. get out of here! >> crystal showed fans a different side in 1992's "mr. saturday night." he was an aging, self-trucking comedian. >> when it's good, when it's good, they're yours.
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you can take 'em anywhere you want. you're powerful. >> it was a side that few people apparently wanted to see. "mr. saturday night" to you was that a hiccup, or at the time did you think, career killer? >> career killer. >> you did? >> oh, totally panic. i had just come off two huge movies, you know, harry and sally and "city slickers" back to back. three grammys had all gone great. oscars, first year, i guess. and this which i worked so hard. >> it wasn't his first taste of disappointment. in 1975 he was scheduled to appear on an early version of "saturday night live," only to have his sketch cut at the last moment. >> i don't blame anybody. it just was... these things happen, unfortunately it was where i felt i should be. >> did it kill you in >> at the time it did. >> of course, he finally got his chance a few years later.
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>> mother, you look marvelous, absolutely marvelous. >> crystal credits his wife with helping him through it all. >> she gets me and has from the time she first met me. >> billy crystal met janice goldfinger in college at a time when he was still reeling from his father's sudden death a few years earlier. >> i was 18. i had been in deep grief from 15, and i think that's one of the first times i really smiled and felt better about life. he owed me one, you know, he owed me one, and he gave me her. >> they married in 1970. 43 years later, they're proud and active grandparents. >> so cut the next one. >> fix it and post. you know how it works. >> at his home in the l.a. hills, he's in training, getting
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ready for another physically grueling run of 700 sundays on broadway later this fall. >> so you do this physical training how often? >> six days a week. >> but despite being a fit and youthful 65, he seems to have eternity on his mind. >> this is called buying the plot. >> the final chapter in his book is about the final chapter. >> as i sit here writing and i look across the room at her, i keep thinking of the most heartbreaking question, which one of us will go first. >> it was tough to write, he says, and as we saw, nearly impossible for him to read out loud. >> i can't bear to think of life without janice. i want to go first because i don't want to miss her. and when i got to that chapter, and i'm reading off an ipad, i couldn't talk. i just stopped because i made the mistake of looking at her.
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because that would be a pain far worse. so that's what... and then it got crazy. when i came back up, all the text was gone, and it was that, you know, it was that awful technological jewish moment, how does this work. i can't make this work. this is why i miss paper. so that's what it comes. to i can't bear to think of life without janice. i want to go first because i don't want to miss her. i don't know what else to say to you because i'm so moved by it. you know? >> it was quite a moment. >> it was. i haven't looked at that. >> maybe this time he actually should. >> i'd like to think that there is a heaven and it starts from the happiest day in your life, i'll be 18 and janice goldfinger will walk by me in a bikini, andly follow her and its will
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start all over again. i'd really like to think that. [applause] >> and that may be the true essence of billy crystal, man who writes about death while embracing the beauty of life. an expert juggling act that is far from over. >> whoa. >> that was fancy. >> you're the man. >> nicely done. >> next the enduring allure of the lava lamp. >> this portion of "sunday morning" is sponsored by physicians mutual, insurance for all of us. david, i'm taking the job. yeah, i'll look for a job tomorrow. i'm moving to new york. i think i need to move home. (female announcer) important conversations happen every day around your kitchen table. when you're ready to discuss insurance,
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we're here to listen. (man) so now what? (announcer) physicians mutual. insurance for all of us. not anymore. what? my silverware isn't good enough for you? have -- have you seen it? yes, i have seen it, and it looks -- you gotta look better. ls, breathe. cascade kitchen counselor here. it's not your silverware. it's likely your detergent. see, over time, cascade platinum's triple cleaning formula delivers brilliant shine
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finish gel can't beat. it even helps keep your dishwasher sparkling. find something, mother? no. [ counselor ] cascade platinum is cascade's best. no. i asked my husband to pay our bill, and he forgot. you have the it card and it's your first time missing a payment, so there's no late fee. really? yep! so is your husband off the hook? no. he went out for milk last week and came back with a puppy. hold it. hold it. hold it. at discover, we treat you like you'd treat you. get the it card with late payment forgiveness. i rely on the speed and power of claritin-d.asal congestion hit it starts working in just 30 minutes. nothing relieves nasal congestion faster or stronger. to get claritin-d, blow past the shelves and go straight to the pharmacy counter. >> it happens this week an anniversary that has devotees of a certain device bubbling over with excitement. the lava lamp turned 50 this past tuesday.
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englishman edward craven walker gets the credit, if that's the right word, for its invention. inspired, it said, by some sort of liquid-filled egg timer that he saw in a pub. his creation contains two liquids of different density, one waxy, the other water-based, with a heat source at the bottom. when the waxy liquid sinks to the bottom, the heat expands it to a lighter density so it floats to the top. once at the top, it cools to a higher density and then sinks right back to the bottom. and on and on and on. the mesmerizing lamp caught the imagination of swinging 1960s britain, making guest appearances on such memorable tv series as "the prisoner." even "dr. who." >> please control the oxygen of the space station. >> the lamp caught on here in america, too, and thoughers popularity has waxed and waned
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in the decades since, it has never faded away entirely or lost its capacity to captivate viewers. as collector anthony voss told the associated press, it kind of pulls people in, and before you know it, you've spent 15 minutes looking at it. we're off to the movies. >> here we go. >> next. >> what was that. ♪ [ male announcer ] staying warm and dry
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they've stripped down to only natural ingredients. why? what were you thinking? new lean cuisine honestly good. in the natural frozen meals section. >> here's a look at the week ahead on our sunday morning talent. monday congress returns frommers summer break with president obama's request for approval to launch air strikes against syria topping the agenda. on tuesday, apple is expected to unveil a series of new products, including at least one new version of the iphone. wednesday marks the 12th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks, a national day of service and remembrance will honor the nearly 3,000 people who perished
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at the world trade center, the pentagon and in shanksville, pennsylvania. singer barry white receives a posthumous star on the hollywood walk of fame. sunset friday marks the beginning of yom kippur, the holiest day on the jewish calendar, a day of fasting and atonement. and on saturday the miss america show us your shoes campaign steps off on the atlantic city boardwalk, celebrating the return of the pageant to its city of birth for the first time in eight years. back to the present now. thinking about going to a movie? david edelstein has a recommendation. >> for such a powerful film, it has not such a powerful title. "short-term 12." it sounds institutional, which it is. it's the name of a group home for squad at-risk kids. the movie is fictional, but the guy who made it took a job out
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of college at a california short-term care place like this one. maybe he knew someone like grace, played by the phenomenal actress brie larson. as a councilor, grace is fierce, strong, steady. >> assault and drug possession. you realize that's enough to get your ass thrown in juvie? >> in private with her boyfriend, fellow councilor mason played by john gallagher, jr.,, she's so fragile and frightened, you know at once she's been a victim of abuse herself. >> it's out of my head. >> they represent the me curear thoughts that grow out of your gorgeous mind. >> why are you so nice to me? >> every day grace bikes to the squat, unlovely facility, where negotiations for power with kids who have none seem endless.
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>> can we play big and small? >> is that a real game or is that a game you just made up? >> there it's a real game i just made up. >> there's so much free-floating pain, you don't see the abuse or the abusers, only the consequences. you see marcus, played by keith stanfield, who is about to turn 18 and have the leave, he's so broken, so angry. the rap he shares with mason is a finely channeled howl of rage at a mother who wasn't a mother. >> look into my eyes so you know what it's like to live a life not knowing what a normal life's like. >> you see punky, upper-middle-class jayden played by caitlin dever, so studily is blase and overdefended. >> i'm going to be living with my dad soon and i don't really like wasting time on short-term relationships, so, you know, it's nothing personal. >> but the rage, when it comes, is demonic.
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>> [screaming] >> you rarely catch these young actors acting. they look like they're living it. i hope they're not. there is a clear design in short-term 12, there will be a breakthrough and we'll think, good, here she is on the mend, and then the kid loses it, runs away, smashes things, and the process begins again. one step forward, one tumble back. but the movie, which by the way, is also funny and romantic and rousing, suggests it's possible with hard work and harder love, to create a surrogate family. it also offers hope that the right kind of short-term love can be everlasting. >> our movie critic david
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edelstein, and now a different sort of coming attraction, we come in with bob schieffer for what's ahead on "face the nation" this morning. bob? >> good morning, lee. well, we have the white house chief of staff dennis mcdonough on the president's uphill battle to get congressional approval for taking military action against syria. >> all right, bob. thanks a lot. we'll be watching. and next week here on sunday morning... >> there you go. >> how often do you come out with your dad? >> find out what it's like to be a rockefeller. copd includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. spiriva is a once-daily inhaled copd maintenance treatment that helps open my obstructed airways for a full 24 hours. you know, spiriva helps me breathe easier. spiriva handihaler tiotropium bromide inhalation powder does not replace fast-acting inhalers for sudden symptoms. tell your doctor if you have kidney problems, glaucoma, trouble urinating, or an enlarged prostate.
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these may worsen with spiriva. discuss all medicines you take, even eye drops. stop taking spiriva and seek immediate medical help if your breathing suddenly worsens, your throat or tongue swells, you get hives, vision changes or eye pain, or problems passing urine. other side effects include dry mouth and constipation. nothing can reverse copd. spiriva helps me breathe better. does breathing with copd weigh you down? don't wait to ask your doctor about spiriva. >> "sunday morning"'s moment of nature is sponsored by: >> we leave you this sunday at great falls park in virginia, just 15 miles up the potomac yet a world away from washington, d.c.
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>> we hope you'll join us right here again next "sunday morning." for now, i'm lee cowan. thanks for joining us. we hope you have a good of your week.
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pushing throught the divideo >> this is kpix news. >> bay area protesters split. how the obama administration is pushing through the divide to carry out a strike. >> and the heat is on. another day of temperatures near 100 degrees inland and, yes, this clause on the horizon. the forecast and a minute. >> and isn't hot enough enough to burn a car? why mother nature is being planned for the scorched vehicles. >> it is 7:30. thanks for joining us. we've got a lot of news and talk to cover in the next hour. >> we talk about the possibility of the bay bridge for ie


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