tv CBS News Sunday Morning CBS November 7, 2021 7:00am-8:29am PST
captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, committed to improving health for everyone, everywhere. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> good morning, i'm jane palley and this is sunday morning. feeling particularity well-rest ed today? after all most of us had an extra hour to sleep in. so why are we still yawning when we walk into the kitchen? it turns out that yawning is universal. we all do it. but why? a cosmic question that our faith
salii will set out to answer. >> just watch this, and thi anthis.n! wple wn inntf other people, it actually represents an attempt for them to maintain attention and focus. and it indicates that they are actually paying attention to you. >> coming up on sunday morning we learn why we and almost all vertebrates, yawn. >> a century ago, polly adler was one of the most affirmous or shalt we say infamous americans in america. everyone from good afternoonsters to celebrities. john dickerson looks back on the life of a noti notorious new yok madam. >> polly adler was the peart
girl who turned professional madam. whose big blah ok contained professional names. >> fdr was a client. >> that was a real shock to me. >> a night at polly's place, ahead on sunday morning. >> after ben benededick cumber a imitsz of a departure, even for him. for his new movie, the power of the dog, actor benedick cumberbatch is immersed him in >>or the noir, thatfa y dn't she
would be kind ofan >> .benedick l cumberbach later. >> then, an ain chenlt material that could power the future. jim axelrod, on the powerful career of bob cost that's. and counsel terg depression. plus a historic night at the opera. commentary from a historic accredit creature, steve hartman. we'll be back in a moment.
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but what happened after you woke up. po ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ o. >> something that people do every single day, multiple times a day and they'll do it for their entire life. >> the question of why we yawn is what drives andrew gallup to get out of bed every day. he's a professor at the state university of new york polytechnic institute. >> it is a far more complex behavior than meets the eye. >> it's a behavior that begins before birth.ù that's right. doctors have even observed babies yawning in utero. is it fair to say -- to yawn is to be human? >> to yawn is to be a vertebrate. birds yawn, other mammals yawb,
yawn like imaifers are observed in every fish and reptiles and amphibians, so it's a really ancient response. >> we humans it turns out are can superlative yawners. >> we havoj that humans are the longest yawners. >> why do you think that is? >> well, we've shown that yawn duration is row combustly coordinated with brain size and cortical numbers. >> maybe our big brains need that six second jaw dropping eye watering inhalation to get some oxygen. >> there is no support for that hypotheses. yawning doan help gettingings oxygen into the blood. >> cooling them like a radiator cools a car engine. it is your brain's way of twrail increasing alertness. >> why it is important to have a
cool brain is grains operate most efficiently at an optimal temperature. fn whwe say?rson re >> yeah, when people yawn in classrooms or in front of other people it actually represents an attempt for them to maintain attention and focus and it indicates that they are actually paying attention to you. >> i've been hearing it in this room regularly. >> it is fair that this professor got the wrong message. >> did i hear one more of these overly loud yawns. get out and walk the hell out! >> it was one of notices summits, cannot boring but long. >> yawning has been documented among paratroopers right before they jump out of planes. and yawning is they common among
olympic athletes right before competition. it's not because they're sleepy but yawning is something that actually prepares someone for action. >> still misperceptions about yawning persists, in 2009, a judge sentenced someone to jail for disrupting the court by yawning. all of which to say, we won't fault you if you've yawned your way through this very story is highly contagious.ù >> you can think about wild animals needing to be alert and watching for predators. and so if you're getting drowsy, but it's not time to rest-- catching a yawn of someone else might make you more alert and therefore, "okay, i'm not gonna fall asleep. i'm gonna be in tune with the group >> according to professor matthew campbell of california state university channel islands, contagious yawning is actually one way certain social animals - including us humans - show empathy towards each otheùu >> we think that empa think is
about adapting the feelings of others, so you get on kind of the same page as others. you are happy if they're happy, you are sad if they are sad. that allows you to bonding and respond appropriately to individuals. so a contagious yawn is not only something we share with creatures large and small.ù it's the way we relate to each otheùu >> you're seeing that can emotion connection, that body connection. >> when you are frame that it way, they are this dramatic manifestation of our connection with one another. >> you see a yawn ought by another individual, you catch someone else's yawn, and it says something bells the positive aspect of our relationship, and yeah, i think there's something imooustles there.
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lee cowan examines a new treatment that could be a break through. >> in hurry garden outside france dierdre l ehman tries to keep her d demons at bay. >> i'm technically biparticular. bil poa oar. >> one of the scariest episodes came back in 2018. >> it wasn't just depressed. it was suicidal in a matter of hours. >> i said clark oh my god the chatteller is starting and i can feel it's coming. this negative chatteller about no one's going to love me, i'm ugly, i'm a burden. no one would miss me if i killed myself. >> that's what the chatter was telling you? >> the chat err was telling me
that. >> clark held hid -- hit all the knives all the pills too. >> as each of them called i set good-bye. i wanted to die. >> this is a emergency some right? we need to meet this with really a significant intervention. >> she was referred to dr. noel nolanwilliams. he was running a trial. called saint, that stands for stanford accelerant neuromodular therapy. >> we could find the spot to stimulate the brain back into not being suicidal not being depressed. >> you could see the photos of dierdra's first treatment, she went from a blank stare to eating to actually smiling all in one day. >> i had no chatter, none. >> within 24 hours she was totally normal. >> were you surprised?
>> initially i couldn't believe it and at some point it just be struck me we found something that was really, really importantly. >> the american journal of psychiatry just plshed the latest clinical trial. at least 80% of the study's participants saw ask go into remission. >> it's huge. >> you feel there is no light in your life. >> how long were you living that way? >> it's been there all my life. sidgesz i was 20. >> wung of dr. williams patients was 80-year-old can merle baker. >> how many different types of treatments were you on? >> mesdz for more fingers than you have on your hand. >> she's a therapist herself
specializing in depression so she knows what she's talking about. >> most people with a history of depression particularly serious depression feel a sense of shame. this is something very deep inside, a heaviness in your body. you're in a tunnel. and there's no way out. >> her husband bill has been by her side for 41 years. and he has seen firsthand how saint makes merle feel more in control. >> many we're going to start you. >> okay marty. >> transcranial mag nettic stimulation or tms but it uses a targeted and fast-acting approach. dr. williams uses an mri to pinpoint annal exactly spot in her brain that is underactive and stimulate it with a magnetic coil. >> we are trying to buff it up to its normal state until it has
a sense of control. >> what you're basically doing is telling it to turn this off. >> that's right. >> the way the brain coms with itself and repetition of those pulses essentially teaches the grain how to maintain its balance. >> aiflt they're looking you at the eyes, they're smiling more spon dane usely and by the end of the week they're feeling totally well and back to their normal self. >> it can be exhausting and rarely a normal thing. merle has been doing treatments for the past four years. >> did it go good? >> so far no serious side effects. >> by the third day, it was l like, you feel better! >> now, there are two larger trials of saint underway, nurpded by the national
institutes of health including one that is testing saint in a hospital setting during a brain emergency like a suicidal episode. >> essentially they are under observation? >> under observation. the scary months after the discharge. >> dr. williams sees saint as something that hospitals could use as almost a fast acting antidepress and to stabilize suicidal patients who may after a week of intensive treatments leave the hospital feeling safe. >> it really changes not just numbers on a page but kind of people's perspective about their life, right? they'll turn around and say you know what? i feel totally differently about my depression thousand. i'm empowered. >> dierdra lehman's perspective was, she went back do school, do finish her college degree. >> do you feel depressed anymore? >> no. >> not at all
>> not at thiintis soing thas shown the brinmething about them percentagely, their.deep self, it's a grain acknowledges that we can treat and move. >> for merle becker it's given her something she hasn't had in a long, long while. >> hope. >> hope? >> hope. i hope the younger me is out there watching this. >> recently, the fda gave saint break through status. which means it's one step closer to becoming available. >> so where do you see this treatment going? in five, ten years? >> it will change if world. >> you think? >> yes, game changer. it's a game-changer. >> researchers don't generally like to go too far out on the game changer limb but dr. l nolan williams hopes he's inching closer every day. >> it's enough data to show it's real, fanned it does what we've seen in other folks' hands it
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>> about president biden says he wants half the cars made in this country to be fully or partly electric by the ends of the decade. that's millions of cars trucks and suvs all powered by lit yumt litd yumion combat ris. >> 16 years ago, this was the sight of a giant volcanic reaction. in the mountains of northern nevada... the fuel of the future lies in the shadow of the past. this area is called thacker pass.ùand volcanologist tom benson has been searching the world for places just like it. he says an eruption here millions of years ago... ....left behind the keys to
unlock the electric vehicle revolution. it's called lithium.ùthe lightest solid element on that chart most of us only periodically remember from high school chemistry. rechargeable lithium ion batteries are what power our cell phones, computers, even toothbrushes. and are now the fuel for all those electric vehicles starting to roll off the assembly line. can what's the connection between volcanos and lilt yum? >> pretty much all lithium comes from volcanos. >> in the coming years when people are driving their electric cars down the road there's a good chance the lithium in that battery will come from here? >> yes, that's the hope. >> benson works for lithium americas.ùa mining company that owns the rights to thacker pass...the largest known lithium deposit in the united states. the company expects to potentially extract 80-thousand tons of lithium a year... that's enough to power about a million vehicles. so none of this looks particularly high-tech.
>> no, it's not. >> >> jonathan evans is president of the company. >> it's really the blood in the battery, without it the bad ris won't work. with automakers pledging to soon make most of their vehicles electric.ù lithium demand is expected to increase as much as ten fold in the next decade. right now most of it is mined in chile and australia and almost all of it is processed in china the united states has just one lithium producing mine.ùin southern nevada...providing less than 2% of world supply. >> is it an option for the u.s. not to be in this field and to let other countries supply this? >> i think answer is no. we have a lot of competitors in the world that if we don't do something about it, others are going to be happy to. >> and one of those countries is china. >> yes. >> how far behind are we? >> years, decades. >> if future of the auto industry is electric. there's no turning back.
jumpstarting the switch to e-vs is key to president biden's plan to cut u-s greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030 to slow climate change. >> this sucker's quick! >> the department of energy has released a national blueprint for lithium batteries. it says relying on other countries creates a "strategic vulnerability" for the us economy. >> we are right at the beginning of this journey, and therefore what's ahead of us is so huge. allan swan is president of panasonic energy north america... he runs the largest lithium ion battery factory in the world...just outside reno nevada. it produces *2 billion batteries * each year. all of them are for just one electric car maker...tesla. do you guys ever shut down? does this ever take a break,. >> no. never stop, 24/7, 365 days a year, we don't stop.
>> the batteries are made on the panasonic side of this massive facility known as the tesla gigafactory... ...and then these robots, humming along to the theme from the super mario brothers video game... ...drive them to the tesla side where they are put inside the cars. >> what do we as a current do or what do companies do to meet this new demand? >> we don't have a supply chain here in the united states. we have to work hard at that. if we get that right we're going to rock in america write will be really fourful. >> are we going to get more battery factories in this all over the country? >> yes, fundamentally yeah, i mean it's not even touching the bottom of the barrel at this point. so it's not long ago. >> those factories will need a lot of lithium.
which is why jb straubel.ùthe co of redwood materials.ùand a former tesla executive.ùsays all those lithium batteries need to be recycled. >> it could become a big challenge. >> trucks arrive at his carson city warehouse every day.ùloaded with boxes of old batteries from electric cars to power tools. his company is partnering with ford to help turn old batteries into new ones. ford just announced plans to build two massive battery manufacturing plants in the us. >> i think recycling the batteries ask a must. the material is sort of coming at us and we don't really have a choice of, you know, should we or should we not recycle it. >> l l lithium is so valuable is called white gold. there's believed to be billions of dollars worth of it here at the thacker pass alone. and while it may be essential to a greener future, getting it out of the ground comes at its own
environmental cost. >> the claim that this would be green mine is extreme dangerous. max wilbert is part of a group of protestors who have been camping out on the thacker pass mine site since january. he says lithium is not the silver bullet many believe it to be... because of the impact of the mining on the land and the large amounts of waste water created by lithium extraction. if we're trying to move away from fossil fuels is the environmental impact at a site like this the lesser of two evils? >> you know that's a really good question. but i 30 the problem is, that's the wrong framing. global warming is a huge problem. but in this attempt to save the planet from climate change people are actually believing that we can save the planet by destroying it. >> lithium americas admits there will be environmental impacts but claims new mining technology will lead to less damage. the company plans to begin its operation next year. potentially creating a lithium boom town in nearby winemucca,
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extinction. and let me tell you. and you kind of think this would be obvious, going extinct is a bad thing, driving yourselves extinct is the most thing i ever heard, you're headed for a climb disaster, every year government spends hundreds of billions of publ=6dt subsidy imagine if we had spent on giant meteor, that's what year doing now, think of all the other things you can do with that money. around the world people are living in poverty, don't you think helping them would make more sense than -- i don't know -- paying for the demise of your entire species? let me be real for a second. you got a huge opportunity right
what does it feel like when you hit a baseball just right? when you make the best possible contact you can make? >> well, i don't know if i can tell you here on tv. i could compare it to something. >> you can pretty much name the sport and bob costas knows it. and knows it well. not just because he's a broadcast er, jim axelrod explains, but because he's a fan. >> memorial stadium baltimore maryland. >> it was at the world series 38 years ago when a young bob costas introduced himself to the late howard cosell. the walk-up very respectfully and say, mr. cosell, my name is
bob costas it's a pleasure to meet you. he said i know who you are. you're the child. who rhapsodizing about the infield fly rule. you'll have a fine career. >> connection to baseball usually begins in childhood >> cosell, not known for under statement whiffed that night. more than any sport. >> he did have the rhapsodizing right, every great player. >> but costas's career is much more than fine. >> kind of feel like was on a church here. >> it almost is like that. >> because while baseball still has its hold on his heart, as he made clear when we met at yankee stadium, this guy who never leaves home without his favorite baseball card. >> so you carry 58 mantel card with you wherever you go and you've been doing it how long. >> since 18, 19. >> hello, everybody, i am bob
costas >> it's hard to this be of a televised sport costas hasn't broadcasted. >> just the little bow tie off and chicken we knows in states >> winning 29 emmy awards and anchoring dozen olympic games, in a career spans nearly half a century. >> my dad was a gambler. >> a career felt on his father's need to know the scores. >> he would flip me the keys to the car, i'm 11, 12, i'd go out in the driveway and start fiddling with the dial, like a safe cracker to try to pick up st. louis or detroit and i would report the scores back to him but at the same time, i was absorbing the different styles and cadences of the announcers and it further cemented the idea in my mind, what great job this is, to be one of those voices in the night to be at the ballgame, to tell the story? my dad died when i was 18, he was only 42 i was on my way to
syracuse, never saw, or heard a game that i broadcast. >> after college at syracuse, costas was calling pro basketball in veries in 22. >> he hits >> the nfl for cbs at 24. >> approaching the kickoff and looks like the lions will be kicking to the eagles. >> nbc sports came calling at 27. >> welcome to big day of baseball on nbc. >> if us had talent was old pro his face read young team even to the boss hired him >> you have a future here. how old are you. >> i'm 27. >> he said you look like you're 14. how much older would you look if you grew a beard? i said, five years at least. he perks up and said five year, he goes that's how long it would take to grow it. that was the end. >> super charged as the climb up the broadcasting ladder, costas made sure to broaden his view
once he got to the top. from 1988 to 1994, he hosted later where he interviewed a wide range of people nothing to do with the world of sports. >> you talking to mccartney about lennon, gerald ford about the warren commission, four nights with mel brooks. his get pumped, and ha ha >> did you know it was going to be as satisfying as it was >> the more i did it, the more i realized it >> flirted with a life outside sports be turning down the "today" show and 60 minutes. >> did you get off at 60? >> yes. i did get off at 60. my kids at that point were seven and four. you can say to a kid, want to go to the bulls game introduce them to michael jordan, go to the world series, go to the olympics, you can't say to the kid i'm interviewing the secretary of state want to come
along. >> but in 2018, when his time at nbc came to an end after almost 40 years amid tension other criticism of the nfl's handling of head injury >> might have caused discomfort. >> costas knew he wasn't close to being done >> is your tank as full as it's ever been >> at this point, i'm a show pony not a plow horse, i'm not looking for inventory, i'm looking for things that move the needle for me. >> consider this. >> and now hbo is providing a well lit platform, and a chance to blend those two parts of his broadcasting brain. >> we'll examine the culture through the lens of sports. what do sport tell us about us? >> i think it tells us a variety of things. some of them encouraging and some not. some of the same mean spiritedness that per have anied the culture. it's part of sports too. >> through a mix of panel
discussions, for the everybody is actually worth listening to. willingness to speak and does not mean that you are the person necessarily who should speak. jordan or labron? >> jordan. labron is amazing. >> long form interviews and no holds bard commentary >> seldoms mallible definition of principle stockily revealed. >> costas is examining junctions of sports and culture that tell he is about us. like legalized gambling ever growing footprint. >> all of these operations they all have variations on this, the first thousand dollars is free, that's just a gambling version of a pusher in an ally saying to a kid, he was, the first one is free. >> hero some athletes sent vaccinations through the looking glass. >> that not doing what all the evidence indicates you should do for yourself, for your family, country and community, not doing
that is actually a statement of principle. which is a crock of crap, but, yeah. >> at the each of 69, having been there, done that, and far exceeding howard cosell's predictions, bob costas doesn't have anything else to prove to anyone. >> relatively speaking i might be venturing where other sports casters don't go but i don't think in makes me edward morrow, i'm looking to do a good television show that contains well crafted material about relevant topics. not going to change the course of civil sensation but i open it's a decent contribution to the discussion and more light than heat. not us. ur skin? because dupixent targets a root cause of eczema, it helps heal your skin from within, keeping you one step ahead of it. and for kids ages 6 and up, that means clearer skin, and noticeably less itch.
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. >> pauley: from steve hartman a story that takes flight. >> here at the texas express pole vaults gym near dallas, about every kid jumps to the same conclusion, first time they see 82-year-old don walk in the door, i thought he's maybe someone's grandfather or something then wait a minute. >> suddenly to the second universal >> >> wow. is he ok? >> what he absolutely insane. don isa is the top feel vault er in his age group and pretty much the only pole vault er in his age group >> i've got buckets.
picks up the sport for a second time at age 66 five decades after an unremarkable high school career. >> you weren't that good to begin with at 66 you say i want to relive this? >> try this again. >> why? >> it's fun, it's like going to high school again with nothing to study. nothing is study about the fitsics of gravitational potential energy and pain management. but don said it's well worth the aches. >> it's a rush. exhilaration when you can clear bar. >> at a meet last year, don cleared nine feet, one inch, no octogenarian had ever done such a thing. and then moments later, set another record. oldest man to be a human centrifuge, and don is if the done setting records, he told me he plans to keep fit and keep at this until he's six feet under.
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. enigma is an extremely well designed machine. our problem is we're only using men to try to beat it. what if only a machine can defeat another machine? . >> pauley: sunday morning on cbs. and here again is jane paul ey >> she's been a sleuth, scientist an super hero, but benedict cumberbatch's latest role required a brand new skill set. he's in conversation with our tracy smith.
>> 25 years since our first run together. 1911. >> a long time. >> not too damn long >> in the new netflix film the power of the dog, benedict cumberbatch is a cowboy in 1920 montana who can ride, rope and roll a smoke with the best of them. >> i wonder what little lady made these. >> actually, i did, sir. >> my mother was floorest so i made them to look like the ones in our garden. >> pardon me. they're just as real as possible. >> he's also a world class bully. who seems to take delight that tormenting some of those around
him. >> gentlemen, look see, that's what you do. >> it's really just for wine drinks >> got that boys? only for the drinks. >> the movie is both a zeroing psychological drama an meditation on toxic masculinity on the set and with director james champion's encouragement, cumberbatch also dug deep into what it meant to be a real working cowboy. >> did you fully embrace it in that you did not shower? >> yes, not for the whole shoot. that would have kind of dngerous i think, biohazard but i did for a whole week in the beginning of the shoot, and the beginning of the half i did >> more than a week. >> yes, that's quite something in the 21st century to not wash >> you had to learn so many
different skills >> ludicrous number >> for the record, the 45-year-old actor cleans up pretty well. >> can you whistle. >> i can he said. that kind of thing. >> that's pretty good. >> there's talk he might also clean up at next year's oscar, which is no surprise to anyone who seen him on screen big or small. >> shut up, everybody, shut up. don't move. >> this is how the wider world academy to know benedict cumberbatch. 2010 bbc series sherlock. >> you went from working actor to famous actor in a span of what? 90 minutes basically. >> it was sort of 12 year overnight success. in 90's. >> you weren't wearing lipstick before. >> i refreshed it a bit. >> you were saying >> i was wondering if you'd like to have coffee
>> black two sugars please, i'll be upstairs >> seems he's been waiting for it all his life. born to pair of workiact, young benedict considered law school for a moment before following his parents on to the stage >> they gave me a very securing upbringing, and offered me every opportunity with my education with to love and a lot of resources to give me to be anything but an actor, to do something a little bit more secure, i threw it all back in their face by becoming an actor. >> well i've never been a man of many words. and there's nothing i could say that you haven't heard. >> he managed to make them proud. and they let him know it early on. >> there was a moment in the car park after i played saliera at the university and down to the,
you're better at this than i ever was or will be i said i can't wait to see what, i support you and i can't wait to see what you do. i meaning yeah every time i say that i get a lump in my throat, it's a such thing to say for a man to say to his son or for any pattern to say to any child and just to give that level of blessing that egoless love, it florida me and that and making both of them proud really is a sort of essential ingredient to what motivates me today >> i'm designing a machine that will allow us to break every day message every day. >> cumberbatch got an oscar nod r as a mathematician who helped crack the nazi secret code but lately in the marvel cinematic universe. >> i'm dr. steven strange i'd like you to come with me, congratulations on wedding, by
the way >> were you apprehends sive taking on a marvel role. >>? just the sense that it's mainstream, box office. >> nope >> not at all >> not really. i still think it needs integrity. it needs someone to be fully invested in trying to make piece of make believe out here and now of to returning work in the moment. >> that's because >> he's expanded his story telling powers with a production company, this yeam out a victorian artist who paints cats, as the father of three small children with wife sophie, he's more selective about what he takes on. >> nothing quite like my family
and my work life, so whatever, which is a huge deal offers me a great deal life experience and opportunity nothing as anyone with children knows compares to that. >> nothing compare >> no, not really. it has to be worthwhile for me to leave home. >> sort of a loan some place out here, pete, unless you get in the swing of things >> acting and life, the most are the toughest. cruel cowboy with a hill to climb but benedict cumberbatch sees it as a gift. >> the gratitude being able to do what you do, that you lo of doing for a living, i still pinch myself, don't tell producer they will come to the office but it's the truth, it's like, it is, it's a -- what a gig, what an amazing way to live
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pulitzer. >> pauley: requiring 20, roaring 20, jazz age, perhaps best remembered for music, dance, night life and something else. john dickerson take us back time. ♪. ♪. ♪ >> during the roaring 20, as scott fitzgerald said, the word jazz went from first meaning sex éo3then dancing. and then music. you could get all three at new york madam poly adler's, where sex dancing and music was also order of priorties for her patron, adler is the subject of madam, by pulitzer prize winning author debbie resemble gate, a by angry story of america, new rules for women and couples and parties flowing into rooms downm
>>meen of a factory h stawe sh life. >> usually today, places. one of the things she quickly realizes she has no control over the rest of her leave but she has control of her free time, so she starts going to the dance halls >> she goes to coney island. >> she doors coney island. >> definitely teaches people the idea that you can just meet strangers the boy will pay for your hot dog, amusement ride and dance hall but the expectation there would be at least some sort of romantic prospects sometimes more. >> on one date she was raped by the foreman at her factory. traumatized and later pushed out of her cousin's home where she had been living, poly makes a choice, >> there's really one way that pople enter the sex trades, and that is when you look at how
much money you can make compared to your current situation. it starts to look like a sign of self respect that i am going to take care of myself >> and polly said i could hardly prohitiois gpritn one of the greatest examples of unintended consequences in american history. all of a sudden, you get rid of the saloons but now you have secret speak easies >> even if you wanted to get a beer, you had to suddenly rub elbows with somebody that's a criminal. >> that seems glamorous all of a sudden, you would never have spent time next to a gunman or conman but now all of a sudden you're next oh lucky louis january know and he's providing the booze. >> the culture changed, it was the bee's knees for flap ers with their jelly beans on arms
to get from jag juice at parties which made it a short moral leap to poll y's if you had the money >> difference between polly she was young, hip, fresh, of the generation. >> she updated the oldest profession in the world to the jazz age. >> that's right. one of her first big moves to try to broaden her reputation was to go to the night clubs, with a full bevy of prettiest girls in toe, from night club to night club as a billboard. >> she had her business card and just who was calling? between her run from 1920 to just after world war ii, her clients apple gate said included comedians like the marks brothers, well-known band leaders >> the best documented of all her famous clients was desi, arnez, and one of the fames was
joel demash yo, who did not like satin sheets because his knees kept slipping she sent out for plain cotton for jo >> and croon er like blue eyes >> frank senate tri was a well-phone user >> you could find the writers who built the new yorker tycoons and lots of politicians doing deals with the gangster >> one of the most famous politician he first was f dr and polly claimed that he was a client. >> she was a shock to me. i will say, up front, i was never able to prove that, i found circumstantial evidence to suggest that that was perfectly possible. and maybe even likely. >> there was this code that allowed men of that class to have these relationships under wraps, so it's not implausible >> roosevelt was well-known for
love stgparties >> they didn't just play bee knuckle. >> i think almost certainly. >> but polly didn't parrot what she heard or saw and for the most part, she knew how to pay off the right people. though on occasion, the advice comps would drag her to the woman's courthouse anyway. at her height, how many people did she have on the take? how many people did she have to pay off >> she could never even say how much, there werethousands and thousands every month, no doubt, $50,000 a year in bad year >> the cost of overhead. >> on top of everything else. on top of the condoms, towels laundry. >> adler said to equipped it was a business doing pleasure with you. which makes it sound like everything in her like was just jake, it wasn't.
her gangster palled filled the morgues, mer girls were commoditys? >> do we forget the tension >> glam rising the jades age and describing the under belly is something felt the whole time. >> it is glamorous, fun, but the under side was just constantly there in way easy to forget if you're watching old movies. >> one of them is house is not a home was based on adler's i was the biographer which even though wrote in retirement in 1952, it was a success, the 64 movie released two years after adler's death was not. >> hi, polly, hi, >> it made the woman once call new york's empty per error of
crime a don't mother >> is her story american. >> very much, she the i'm a classic american success story from $5 a week from my first fur coat to my park avenue to worldwide fame, not necessarily the best american success story but certainly not out of the mainstream. ♪. ♪. and when they found a way to face it. for some, this is where their keytruda story begins. keytruda - a breakthrough immunotherapy that may treat certain cancers. one of those cancers is advanced nonsquamous, non-small cell lung cancer where keytruda is approved to be used with certain chemotherapies as your first treatment if you do not have an abnormal “egfr” or “alk” gene. keytruda helps your immune system fight cancer but can also cause your immune system to attack healthy parts of your body. this can happen during or after treatment and may be severe and lead to death. see your doctor right away if you have cough,
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has theiorience was lavishing the performers with applause after the performances. it was like five minutes of continuance. >> holding that position for five minutes. >> what a moment for people to see themselves. never seen that on the stage at the met. >> metropolitan opera in new york opened the season with a production by jazz trumpet er and composer terrance blanchard. it's an interpretation of the memoir written by sunday morning contributor charles blow, he describes hes anguish growing up in the 70's and 80's. >> what created to charles blow's story. >> was the motion of being isolated in your own community. >> blanchard, who began playing the trumpet at nine related the feeling of having a dual
existence. >> out in the street, hanging with friends, then being that kid who had to break away from that and walk to the bus stop with his horn in his hand on the a saturday, you know, it wasn't a cool thing to do in my neighborhood. >> you translate the feels into music. >> you have to allow yourself to be vulnerable. while i was working on it and many moments in my solitude where i was just in tears. >> a boy >> there once was a boy of peculiar grace that, line gets me every time. >> terrance oliver blanchard was raised in new orleans in a family with huge opera >> your father was a huge opera fan, what did opera represent. >> sophistication, highest level of art, whenever a master
performance on pbs, come here, listen, that's music. ♪. ♪ >> blanchard's passion? jazz. today, he's a six-type grammy winner and a two-time oscar nominated film composer. he's been working on movie sound tracks since the late 80's, first as a trumpet er on films like do the right thing. >> how did you and spike lee begin working together >> i was just hired to play and i sat down at the piano and started playing, speak walked by and heard. he said what's that? i said oh, something i'm won i ? >> let me hear the one before.
i remember this one. >> blanchard composed the scores for 15 of spike lee's movies. >> when did you feel like you werecolm x. it was the first time that i felt like i was connected emotionally to something that i was writing for. that film, i knew had to be powerful. >> amateurish. >> amateurish, right. >> this ledger book from the early 1900s continues the internal notations about opera submissions. >> uninteresting. right? not suitable for metropolitan. >> funny they take themselves so seriously that he writes it in the metropolitan each time. it's >> it's 138 years, america's leading opera house and largest performing art institution never stage an opera by a black
composer >> it's supposed to be the thing that brings us together that throw away notions of bigotry and intolerance. right? so it breaks my heart to think that we are going to still approach the met and was turned away. >> william grant still known as the dean of african-american composers submitted three operas to the met over a 20-year span. >> in the 20s and 30's, what kind of opportunities existed for william grant still. >> none, everything was meshed by what happened here at the met. this is the place that makes statement the rest of the world. >> these are people whose works didn't make it at that stage: women, african-american, pick lines people wanted to perform here, saw this as a pinnacle and commentaries are so dismiss sive. do you think there's racial
component to this rejection. >> do you think there's racial? listen-man, it's all over >> but this time it was the met that reached out to blanchard >> called me and said do you want to put your opera on the met? i'm like did this happen? and all of a sudden, boom, and it blows up and takes off like a run away freight train. ♪. ♪. ♪. performances of his opera quickly sold out. and that should be a big lesson pa to arts organizations around the country, it's time for us to move on, you know. nobody loves classics more than me. listen i'm a jazz musician who loves bird, john coltrane, monk, i'm not trying to be them, trying to find the sounds for my generation.
>> in reviews, production has been praised as being unlike any other opera. for terrance ballard it was an opportunity to take ricks. >> i haven't been to the opera since third grade field trip. and there are times when my ear would say catch up to what was going on like, wait, did they just sing a profanity? >> exactly. it's not like they're trying to be profane for the sake of being profane. kind of ramp the energy up. >> now that you caught the opera bug are you working on another one. >> that's the thing night of the gay la on behalf of the met we'd like to commission another opera i'm like, whoa, ok, i just want to get a nap. in between if i could. er ibrance with an aromatase r for postmenl er
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buffalo roam. ♪. ♪. ♪. captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, committed to improving health for everyone, everywhere. captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org i'm jane pauley join us when our trumpet sounds again, next sunday morning. ♪. ♪. ♪. time is on my side. yes, it is. ♪. ♪ time is
captioning sponsored by cbs >> brennan: i'm margaret brennan in washington, and this week on "face the nation," president biden wound up a rough week with a big win. will it be enough to end the perception that democrats can't get anything accomplished? calling it a monumental step forward, mr. biden applauded the passage of one of his signature economic plans, a $1.2 trillion bill to update the nation's infrastructure. >> i want us to deliver. democrats, they want us to deliver. >> brennan: last tuesday's off-year election were a symbolic debacle for party, and a harbinger of potential losses in next year's midterms when control of congress is at stake. >> and the trends are unmistakable. a republican wave is under way. >> i think the one message that