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tv   BBC World News  PBS  January 7, 2011 2:30pm-3:00pm PST

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>> this is bbc world news. funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major coporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news."
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concerns mount across northern europe. new tests on germany's contaminated animal feed reveal worrying levels of toxic dioxin. sudan is ready to vote on a referendum that could split the nation. are we headed for the first winter world cup? a warm welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast on pbs in america and around the globe. coming up later, the greek population in the turkish city of istanbul has plummeted. we visit a school with just one pupil. and sweet powers of healing, the honey bandit that seems to have the power to fix wounds.
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hello. at nearly 5000 german farms have been closed after tests have revealed animal feed contaminated with the chemical dioxin at 77 times the permitted level. the scandal has spread beyond the country's borders. german eggs have been exported to the netherlands and the u.k., and the british food standard agency says there is no calls for concern. >> as the food crisis spreads, consumers get worried. at this market, the sign say there is nothing to worry about, that eggs are not contaminated with dioxin, but people are feeling the effects of consumer unease. this man is probably making only the third of his usual profit. he feels sorry for the farmers who have to slaughter their chickens, but it has to be done.
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this shopper says they are not purchasing a is right now. they were always careful, but now they are afraid. this plant in northern germany makes food for animals but also industrial products. the two became mixed. the german authorities say dioxin levels here were 77 times higher than allowed. and that high levels were detected in march, 2010, the information never reached the public. in germany, the authorities are trying to get to grips with a crisis that spreads. he says, "it is incomprehensible for consumers and me as well that industrial production processes are running parallel to the highly sensitive production of animal feed and foodstuffs." but the information changes by
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the day as new facts emerge. what started as a german difficulty is now spreading. south korea and slovakia at have banned the sale of some animal products imported from germany, while britain authorities and authorities in another land are investigating whether food contaminated -- investigate whether food containing german eggs is safe to eat. >> find out much more about that story on our website, french president nicolas sarkozy has asked the intelligence service to investigate suspected industrial espionage at the car maker. note. they have suspended three senior managers for looking at electrical details about the electrical car development at renault. and nicolas sarkozy has
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said they are becoming victims of religious cleansing, describing new attacks on christians as a with a program to cleanse them from the region. -- as a wicked program to cleanse them from the region. a man has been sentenced to 18 months in prison for false claims. this weekend, the people of southern sudan are voting in a referendum on independence which is likely within a few months to produce a new nation. sunday's referendum as part of a peace deal signed six years ago that ended decades of civil war. >> waking up with the cattle. now with peace in southern sudan, people can lovingly tended to their treasured animals, which will that goes back generations.
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for most, this land was ravaged by war. this person's wife was killed during the fighting with the islamic north of sudan. he tells me he is herd was decimated and after years of suffering he cannot wait for south sudan's independence. 2 million people were killed during the decades of civil war. the discovery of oil in sedan raised the stakes and fuel the conflict, which left the people in the south among the most poor on the planet. the guns finally set fell silent -- guns finally fell silent with a peace deal six years ago. today in juba, all roads inevitably lead with a split with the north.
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thousands have spent years in exile from the north of the country. with the referendum on independence approaching, they have packed their belongings and headed here to start new lives in what they hope will soon be a new nation. the temporary home for a family which spent three weeks on the river. the children have never seen the southern sudan. their mother aleft the north because sheet field that she would be labeled a southerner and -- she feared that she would be labeled a southerner and lose her rights. she is ready to start telling the land if necessary -- tilling the land if necessary. this sinner's mother and brother were killed in the war. -- the singer's mother and brother were killed in the war. i>> i read that i would be a
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soldier again. we go to the border and fright from their -- and fight from there. >> opinion it is so one-sided, the vote will not be able to be raped. then come -- the vote will not be able to be rigged. then comes the daunting task of starting over from scratch. rights over food prices and unemployment have forced algerians to postpone top-level league matches. prices for cooking oil, sugar, and flower have doubled in more than two months. we have this report. >> violence on the streets of algiers as chronic levels of
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unemployment and a sudden hike in food prices have whipped up anchor. jobless teenagers and young men have had running battles with algerian police and the capital -- in the capital after they moved up food stocks. algerian say it is too much to bear. "we have had enough of this government. we have been suffering in 10 years, and in 10 years it will be the same." the last time there was unrest over the price of food was in 2007 and 2008 with rioting in haiti. angry crowds took to the streets in egypt as well as half a dozen other countries. the un food and agricultural organization charge the price of food. in 2008, declined because of a number of factors including a rise in oil prices. after dropping the past two
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years, the prices climbing again and the u.n. says the signs are worrying. the cost of food worldwide has climbed to higher levels than three years ago. and south america, the main inflation driver has been population increase. food producers are turning out the goods, but there are more mouths to feed every year. a u.n. spokesman in mexico said the population and country is growing, unemployment is climbing, and if you increase food prices, the zero men is not good. as in 2008, there are a number of additional factors putting inflationary pressure into the system. no agricultural yields in some countries, natural disasters like flooding, and global warming. it is looking increasingly likely the football world cup in 2022 will be played in the winter. the president of fifa has not said he expects the january
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tournament because of the blistering summer heat and the host country, qatar, which could have a major impact on the european football season. >> it is still hot this time of year, but for these australian players warming up for the start of the asian cut, it is nothing like the heat of june and july when the mercury can hit 50 degrees. with the president of fifa and expecting the change, one of the leading men behind the successful bid of qtar says he is happy to stage the tournament whenever -- behind the successful bid of qatar says he is happy to stage the tournament whenever. >> i thankeink we should not ret it, but i don't think that qatar will be part of that.
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>> despite the questions about the heat in the summer, fifa was convinced to transform the country built in the desert. but any decision now to move the world cup will leave it as the taste for the rival bidders who missed out and leave a new -- lead to a major disruption and most of football. most major clubs like in unit have a winter break, which may ease the disruption. english clubs are not so lucky and are likely to resist anything that impacts the premier league calendar. >> this is another example where fifa is a special sleet making it up as they go along, -- is thisuspiciously making up as thy go along. >> tonight, the skyline was that up for the start of the asian
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cup, the dress rehearsal for the biggest football tournament of all. it is increasingly likely 12 years from now, there will be celebrating football tossed first winter world cup. -- celebrate football's first quarter world cup. still to come, a bumpy start to the eu presidency, but hungry will consider amending a controversial new media law. an explosion in southern afghanistan has killed 17 people and wounded many. it was close to the pakistan border. our correspondent has this report. >> the target of friday's attack appears to be a border police commander who was killed. according to officials in afghanistan, the suicide bomber struck a bath house near the pakistani border, about 110
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kilometers east of canada are pre -- 110 kilometers east of canned harper it. at least 20 were injured in the attack and taken to local hospitals. the blast happened as the bath house was packed with people getting ready for friday prayers. most of the dead and wounded are believed to be civilians. the taliban says they carry out the attached -- the taliban says they carry out the attack. the town is situated 70 miles east of kandahar and has long been a taliban stronghold. afghan security institutions have been targeted recently in a wave of attacks on the country's army and police who will eventually take over security responsibilities from international forces. today's suicide attack has been condemned by the afghan president hamid karzai.
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an extra battalion of u.s. marines has been deployed to the region. hundreds of afghans have demonstrated outside of the iranian embassy in protest of iran's blocking of thousands of fuel trucks at the border. since the official ban two weeks ago, domestic fuel prices and afghanistan have soared by as much as 70%. let's bring you up-to-date on the headlines on "bbc world news." new tests on germany's contaminated it will -- contaminated animal feed have revealed dioxin 77 times higher than allowed. a ballot boxes are being delivered in sudan on whether the south should declare independence from the rest of the country. the start of hungary's presidency of the european union has been marked by ceremonies in budapest but overshadowed by
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criticism. at the media laws concede -- the new media laws are concedeare sn as an attack on freedom of the press. >> six months when hungary will be squarely in european spot light when they assume the presidency. when the hungarian prime minister arrived at a press conference, it was the media that was the subject of the debate. the new media law is seen as a full-scale assault on the freedom of the press. he has had to fight off criticism from home and abroad. >> the authority of the hon. media companies are now bigger than any european country. if it turns out the european commission requests us to change it, we will consider that.
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>> his defense of the new legislation has not convinced journalists. the prime minister's claim only to have better retention has met with skepticism. >> imagine i live in a neighborhood where somebody is walking around with a huge gun and they say i will not use it on you because i am a good guy. they say they want to implement those against political opinion, but because they did not have any checks and balances in the system, there is no guarantee they will not do that. >> hungary and the european union appeared to have called a truce until a future date, but now there are continuing concerns about the fragility of hungarian democracy. the prime minister has mounted a strong defense on his country's
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democratic credentials, but there is growing sensitivity, a feeling that the relative short duration of the experience and the years in communism means that it will have criticism. >> it is an insult when i have to prove i am a democrat. we became a member of this community because we still belong to europe for a long time. we don't want to defend ourselves with europeans. we are in the heart of europe, and i think all measures and all values, we share the common values of the european union. >> there is no way of sweetening the bitter pill of austerity. how the media law islamic it will be watched closely, and not just here. -- how the media law is enforced will be watched closely. they must focus on the central economic challenges ahead. american unemployment
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figures have hit their lowest level in at least 18 months, just under 9.5% of the workforce. some of that is because of new jobs, but also because many people simply give up looking for work. vang pao, a former general and leader of an ethnic group in laos, has died in exile in the u.s. he fled laos in 1975 when the communists took power. he died at the age of 81. the israeli army says 04 soldiers have been awarded an exchange of fire near the gaza border. -- have been wounded in an exchange of fire near the gaza border. a century ago, greeks made up in large part of istanbul's population.
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many have been forced out of the country because of wars and riots, and now the government wants to better relationships with turkey's minority. as we have in this report, it may be too late for the greeks. >> it is not a clock, and time for this 10-year-old to move upstairs for his first lesson. he is getting a special english class today from a visiting professor, who also happens to be on the board of this creek school -- greek school. what he does not have our friends. he has been the only people here the last couple years. >> i would rather not play alone. sometimes i do puzzles or read books. i really wish there were other children here. >> there were even as recently
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as 10 years ago, but the once substantial greek minority has been in decline for decades, driven out of turkey by discrimination and occasionally violence. >> we have one child in this entire school. we used to have 240 students. the community has dwindled from about 150,000 down to 2,500. >> it is perhaps ironic that at this and other greek schools, turkey showing more tolerance towards minorities that it has for a century. but the small adjustors made by the government may not be enough to save the committee -- but the small gestures made by the government may not be enough to save the community. the most visible reminder of the
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greek heritage is the church. patriarch bartholomew is the biggest ahead of orthodox christians, yet he is still not authorized by turkish authorities, thousands of buildings confiscated by the state in years gone by. a recent court decision to give this old orphanage back to the church could mark a turning point in the government's handling of minorities. it is one of the largest wooden buildings in the world. now can be renovated. but the turkish creeks need a lot more than the return of their buildings to survive as a community. >> things aren't improving now, and we're happy to see that the minorities want to improve their heritage and want to be productive and participating in
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the social life of turkey. they don't want to be captives to antiques. >> these days, there are lots of great visiting from abroad, connecting to a history that they once shared. locals hope that much needed new blood will be coming into their community. he was part of the team that invented the pregnancy test and has worked on a treatment for bowel cancer, and now professor paul devyn has -- and now professor paul davis has created a new bandage based partly on honey. >> we have transformed the ingredients into something that delivers a new ceiling principle. >> paul davis is talking about
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honey. he has taken part of its chemical structure to transform the lives of countless patients. like leonard, who had a growth removed from his leg. the wounds stubbornly refuse to heal. after several months, a new treatment was tried. warning, we're going to show pictures of his leg. over just a few weeks, the wind starts to clear rep. -- the wounded starts to clear up. >> it is the most photographed part of my body. it was quite miraculous, the speed with which it worked. within a week or two, it had gone completely. >> it has to interact with the
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air. the damage using honey as part of the inspiration, paul has developed a way to combine this with oxygen into the wood using two layers of gel that slow the interact. >> the iodine kills bacteria and the oxygen in power is the white blood cells to kill bacteria naturally using our own bodily defenses. when we heard about the first patient for whom there was improvement, there were shouts of joy. >> they spend a remarkable 4% of their budget, 2 billion pounds, treating people with wounds that do not heal. >> most of the patience that i see have had them for quite a long duration. sometimes they can be six months, 12 months, 10 years, 20 years. it all depends.
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>> in trials, judy stanton has found its successful in 70% of patients. >> it is fantastic. the patients have gotten to a point where they did not think it will heal, and it has quite a positive effect in a short time. >> the new treatment is twice as expensive as standard dressings, but paul says it speeds up recovery and, in the end, it will save money. it sounds improbable, but praise be, it seems true, this so annoyed at the german government that they look at the owner. the dog was known for stiffly raise the getspaw -- stiffly
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raising a itspaw and parking. -- barking. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold. get the top stories from around the globe and click to play video reports. go to to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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