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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 2, 2013 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is bbc world news america. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation, pursuing the common good for ver 30 years and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their to understand the industry in which you operate in, helping to provide capital for key
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decisions. we offer expertise and key solutions in a wagering of injuries. hat can we do for you? >> now bbc world news america. > this is bbc world news america. french intelligence charges the -- just a key u.s. senator and a congressional vote on military action. >> if the congress were to reject a resolution like this after the president of the united states has already committed to action, the consequences would be catastrophic. nuclear plant and saying a final farewell. they are packed in dublin as
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they pay their respects to a famous native son. worry be welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the syrian government stockpiled sarin and mustard gas, a claim made by the french authorities who released their docier on chemical weapons in syria. president obama is trying to drum up congressional support for a military strike. the french and americans have been warned of serious actions if they take military actions. samples collected biochemical
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weapons inspectors have arrived to the analysis in europe. it may be some time before the results are published. meanwhile the pressure is mounting on france, the one european country that says it will support the americans in punishing the syrian regime. the syrian president gave an interview to a french paper where he threatens france if he joins in attack on syria and was told there will be negative repercussions on the interests of france. the president said the middle east is a powder keg and the fire is approaching. he warned of a regional war if the west launches an operation. in paris today the french prime minister summoned other ministers to an emergency region to brief them on intelligence reports. they were told french intelligence counted at least 281 dead, considerably less
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than the american figure but reports of up to 1,500 killed were consistent with the heavy use of chemical weapons. we have to respond to what they have done. the aim is to stop assad from using chemical weapons against his people. this nine-page intelligence report released by the french authorities concludes there have been a massive use of chemical weapons and said the rockets came from areaiers areas under syrian control and was all done under a level of sophistication that could only belong to the syrian regime. >> wednesday the french parliament will debate syria. there will not be a vote on military action but they are under pressure to allow lawmakers to vote as they have done in britain and will do in
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america. in the united states the administration has been prepare to ask congress next week for the authority to use military force in syria, the outcome of the vote is uncertain. >> a vote against that resolution by congress would be catastrophic and undermine the credibility of the united states of america and the president of the united states. none of us want that. >> in the current crisis france with all of their ties to the united states find themselves america's closest ally and was warned today it could become syria's enemy. bbc world news, paris. >> for more on the french intelligence and call for action against the assad regime i spoke with the bbc's chris mohr nis paris. who is this release of intelligence aimed at? >> well, i think like in the u.s. and britain it is aimed in
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large part by public opinion. this is something that is worth doing. in morale terms the prime minister said what president assad has done is irredeemable and must be answered. i think the public persuasion, trying to build a case for military action. but of course you can't go beyond the fact that what is said and done here depends in large part on what happens where you are. without american lead to a coalition it is hard to see where france could go in terms of carrying out military action. >> are the french feeling isolated as the only european nation prepared to back the americans? >> well, the president reported that he is working hard on building a coalition. this is obviously of a role reversal here. we remember back to when france
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was outspokenly against an american attack on iraq. perhaps the president has taken some courage from the fact that his intervention in the west african country was successful. the operation in libya also did ad to the fall of colnel qadaufy. now there is more at stake. and politically it is awkward for the president. constitutionally no question he does haven't to ask for permission to carry out military strikes in syria. >> chris mohris reporting there. for more on the discussions taking place in the halls of washington i spoke with the former state department official, now the dean of john hopkins school of international studies. senator john mccain met the president this afternoon and came out saying it will be
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catastrophic for dong vote against military action in syria. >> i think he is right. it would box the president in and make it more difficult for the president to respond. secondly it would show the new idea of concern with congress on foreign policy is just as difficult as dealing with economic issues. >> but the president is a poker player. has he gambled too big this time? >> no. i think he is confident that congress will give the vote. the president is not whether the congress will vote. but the problem is whether it assad, russia or korea or lies in the region are all uncomfortable with the president not making a clear decision and passing the buck to congress. >> white house officials are saying that anyone who is concerned about iran should support this military action.
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what do you make of the argument? >> that is their main line of argument to get congress to go for it. there is a lot of worry about iran. there are many of the allies in the region are worried about iran. so using iran is a way of getting the congress to actually vote. but it is also about north korea and china and russia. every country out there that needs to take a american decision seriously. >> what is your idea of how the vote will go? >> i think the president will win. but the congress may exact a price from the president. they may attach all sorts of domestic and foreign policies to this vote. >> you personally have argued for decisive action to mortally wound the assad regime. >> once the president drew the
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red line, if he does not back it up clearly and decisively america's position will be vaccouous. what he has done is morally reprehensible. the president committed himself to answering that red line being crossed. we are in a position where more than syria is at stake. the whole credibility of american foreign policies are at stake. >> you argued for america to have a vision with i way out of this war. what is that? >> well, it has to combine -- for now it has to get the president to say that this is more than just a punishment for syria. even people in congress are saying if we sanction an attack what is your plan after words. what if he falls or what if he does not fall and uses chemical weapons in three months time. where do we go from here?
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people are uncomfortable with the president saying i drew a red line. i have to enforce it but i don't want to talk about anything more than that. >> it will be a week until congress votes. what is president assad doing in the meantime? >> he is probably preparing for an attack militarily, trying to protect his assets from an attack. he is trying to prepare how he might use the attack in syria and in the arab world in order get a better position, to make it billion himself but about the united states and the attack on their country. >> 7 million people, almost a third of syria's population have been displaced by the country's civil war. almost 2 million have fled to neighboring countries. over 5 million are displaced ithin the nation itself.
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>> near the center of domascus the displaced turn into real people. volunteers came to register the extended family. parents, uncles, aunts and children. this is a very overcrowded flat in this room alone. 22 people sleep every night. down the corridor there is another room that. is a bedroom for nine. the room up there, seven people sleep in here. there are mattresses for another four. as a whole there are 2 million displaced people, equivalent to half of the population. the family used to live in one of the suburbs of domascus. two of the men of the house are dead, killed by a shell.
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i am just sad about the children. so sad because of what they have seen in the last two years. .ne of the volunteers >> i am not afraid. i just wake up because i have bad dreams. your father will take to you a clinic and you will stop the bad dreams and have nice ones. the red crescent says they get less than half the supplies they need to support the refugees in their own country. donors are not giving enough. >> they would feel better if they exchanged the price of issiles with food items.
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>> syrians used to need the red crescent just because of the fighting. but people are being displaced, fearing for their lives. >> not only talking about the situation which is almost a catastrophe. >> talking about the future is scaring off the possibility of having a genocide. >> genocide. you think there is a risk of genocide? >> there is a risk of genocide. >> a rebel shell hit this building in government controlled domascus. they are outgunned by the regime. firepower wins war but it might be sectarian hatred that breaks the country apart. >> syria's children having nightmares. in other news the taliban said it carried out an attack on a
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u.s. military base in afghanistan on the border with pakistan. it was hit by a series of clothing. militants wearing afghan police uniforms tried to enter the area. one of the biggest deals in corporate history, a british telecom firm agreed to sell their stake in verizon wireless or $130 billion. japanese government continues to reassure the public over the damage of the nuclear plant as it emerges radiation levels 18 times higher than previously thought. they said the government would take prompt steps to clean up the plant. >> just how worried should the outside world be about the latest radiation readings
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coming from this nuclear plant. on sunday tokyo electric power said it had taken a reading lose to water storage tanks of 18 times higher than a reading taken at the same spot two weeks ago. but today in tokyo the head of japan's nuclear watch dog said news reports radiation could four worker in just hours were exaggerated. the recent water leaks at the plant and the spikes are a threat to the public. >> suppose the figure is correct. it does not penetrate through objects. you have a totally different meaning from the case of gamma radiation.
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it will not penetrate as long as there is a 5-10 millimeter plastic sheath or you wear shoes, it should be ok even if you stand on it for a while. japan's chief regulator accused tokyo electric power of careless management in handling the leaks at the plant. nearly half a million tons of highly radioactive water is stored in hundreds of huge tanks at the plant used to cool the damaged reactor cores. in the long run the only option is to filter the radiation out of the water and dump it into the nearby pacific ocean. >> you are watching bbc world news america. to to come from cuba florida with no shark cage making her journey one for the
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recordbooks. month ago the president of tanzania ordered the deportation of what he calls illegal immigrants in his country, many though lived their entire lives there. >> this is a scene fought hard to avoid. they were forced to leave their homes over the past month. nearly 10,000 have fled here or to neighboring uganda. they have never set food in rwanda. born to refugees, tanzania is all she has known. >> we were told if you were born there and have a birth certificate it is enough to onfirm that you are a citizen.
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>> it is a story repeated by many. they say they have lived there all of their life and have the paperwork to prove that. but those without an actual citizenship card were forced to leave. the government has been quick to provide services for people at this camp. there is a clinic. there is food. there is water. but the challenge is long-term, providing them with a home and helping them make a living. the government here is angry. relations between rwanda and tanzania have soured. it sees this as another sign of aggression. not the first time they excelled refugees or foreigners from their land. the latest evictions come at a time when the relationship with wanda is at its worst.
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>> we should never, ever give up. that is one of the messages that 64-year-old shared with a cast of onlookers today becoming the first person ever to swim from cuba to florida without a shark cage. it comes after four previous attempts that had to be abandoned. reports now on this historic feat. >> the final exhaustive strokes by marathon swim taken in enthusiastic crowds she has made it from cuba to america. no wonder she looked dazed. she swam for almost 53 grueling hours. but this is her extreme dream and it is finally reality.
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>> you should never, ever give p. you are never too old to chase your dreams. >> when the swimmer plunged into the water on saturday in havana she first tried swimming from here to america over three decades ago. she failed. but this time would be the last. >> perhaps it that was knowledge that this was her last chance to complete this challenge. the long and grueling swim from here in cuba to america was never just a huge test of her physical strength. this is all about here is determination. luck.s a degree of huge that left her free to focus swimming, singing in her head
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as she goes. as day turned to night there was no time off the deadly jellyfish. their stings caused serious problems in the past. this time she took a special facemask but barely needed it and she swam and swam for more than two days and nights and right into the record books. a 64-year-old athletes. she proved you never have to give up on your dreams. bbc news, havana. >> diana, absolutely astounding sporting feat. from that sporting record to another. a british footballer may not be a household name like david beckham but is the world's most expensive play or the pitch. real madrid paid $130 million to england's player.
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all eyes will be on whether he can live up to that hefty price tag. do not be afraid. those were the final words of the irish poet to his wife. today they gave a moving tribute with a text message in latin. among those in the congregation were bono, irish prime minister and president. >> they came to a packed church near his dublin home to honor a fine poet and the man who was admired and also loved. ireland's president was there along with his predecessor. politicians from north to south. musicians including bono, actors and fellow writers. there was music from a piper, a long time friend that appeared
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at the annual celebration of irish music just last month. he played a song heard on the wind of sea by a fiddler in the blasted islands. a meditation of a source of inspiration. >> so whether she calls his spirit, music or not, i don't care. off k it out of wind midatlantic, still he maintains from nowhere. it comes off of the bow gracefully, rephases itself into the air. >> he began writing as a farmer's son, reflected on northern ireland's trouble and ended a nobel winner and the
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orld's most famous poet. a e remember the beauty as bard of course. and today in particular in his being. >> his son revealed his last words in his beloved latin in a text to his wife minutes before he tied. > don't be afraid. >> after the service his body was taken north for burial in his hometown. crowds followed the man whose work spoke to all on the divided island of ireland. that brings today's broadcast to a close. you can continue watching bbc world news for constant updates from around the world on the 24 hour news network.
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check the local listings for the channel number. thanks for watching. ee you tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe vermont and honolulu. nurem an's own foundation, pursuing the common good over 30 years and union bank. >> at union bank our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry that you operate in. work to nureture new ventures and provide capital for key
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strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wagering of industries. hat can we do for you? >> bbc world news wa
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> brown: the obama administration today ratcheted up its campaign, pressing u.s. lawmakers to back a missile strike against syria. good evening. i'm jeffrey brown. on the newshour this labor day, we assess the military options as u.s. ships move into the red sea. plus, margaret warner-- on the ground in cairo-- gets reaction from the arab world. that the united states could act effectively, and was doing it really with the region's interests at hearts. >> brown: then, ray suarez examines how the civil rights movement influenced drives for equal rights for women and gay americans. at


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