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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 9, 2015 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries. that is the strength behind good banking relationships, too which is why at mufg, we believe financial partnerships should endure the test of time.
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because with time comes change and what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. mufg -- we both relationships -- we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news." katty: this is bbc america. from washington, i'm katty kay. rebels in sanaa show no sign of giving up. on the eve of a critical summit, all eyes are on the relationship between the u.s. and havana. reporter: yes, cuba may have gotten richer, but what if it lost some personality? some soul? katty: and call him jurassic
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kid. he found a fossil while digging in the dirt in texas. welcome to our viewers on public television here in america and also around the globe. iran's supreme leader is upping the stakes in the fighting in yemen, accusing saudi's of committing genocide. saudi led airstrikes against the shia rebels and yemen are entering their third week. the u.s. secretary of state is warning that america will not stand by while the region is destabilized. mike wooldridge begins our coverage. mike: fighting in the port city, strong warnings sounded by the president. here on the streets, fighters loyal to the president.
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opposing them, the militia backed by iran. and this, the latest video released of airstrikes being carried out by the coalition's targeting positions in northern, central, and southern yemen trying to hold the rebels' southward sweep of recent months. today, iran's president called for an end to the airstrikes. he said that such a campaign was a mistake and called for a cease-fire to allow for broad-based talks to resolve the crisis. iran denied arming the shiites. secretary kerry: we are well aware of the support iran is giving to yemen and iran needs to recognize the united states is not going to stand by what the region is destabilized or while people engage in, you
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know, over warfare across lines international boundaries, i and other countries. mike: the group holds to halt the fighting. at least 560 people have been killed in recent weeks including 76 children. more than 1700 people wounded many of them civilians. a hundred thousand have fled their homes. visiting the uae, human from prime minister says that he was threatened. "we believe in the importance of dialogue," he said. he hoped that all responsible yemenis would take part. the question now -- whether yemen fell crisis will draw in other powers more deeply, militarily, or whether the promise he will gather more momentum? michael -- mike woodridge, bbc
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news. katty: for more on the increasingly complicated picture in yemen i spoke with philip mudd, formally the director of the cia counterterrorism center. now the author of the new book "the head game." what will it take to bring stability to yemen even two and a half weeks of airstrikes? guest: there are a couple of questions we need to answer. will they stop the movement toward the al qaeda, isis area? that's a fundamentally different question, i think and i think this question is getting confused about whether we can restore stability and return the president to power. that, i think, is going to take boots on the ground. i do not think you can do that without air power. there is the first step to stop the onslaught, and there is a second step, maybe u.n.-backed and how do you put people back
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in there to restore stability in the capital katty:. -- in the capital. katty: the involvement of world powers, what effect is that having? guest: you have the sunnis on one side in iraq, in syria, in yemen and you have the shia on the other. they are backed by iran, the leadership in baghdad backed by iran. i think the regional players are saying we cannot afford chaos in yemen. the risk of obviously, as the sunni players intervene, the iranians are going to say we are players here, too. we have to intervene as well. you start to see fault lines not only in one country, but between the sunni and shia. katty: how long do you think the iranians have been involved with the rebels for? it was remarkable to me how fast. did it look to you, as an
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intelligence officer, that it had been planned for a while without outside backing? guest: it did not. i hear a lot about iranian involvement in a rat or yemen as if they are saying i do not believe that is correct. there is a power vacuum. the former president is trying to maintain his relationship with parts of the military still loyal to him. i think they may have had modest levels of iranian support at best, but i think this is a reflection of post arab spring vacuums where people are saying we do not like this democratic process. therefore we are moving in. katty: it may have started as that, but it is devolving into a sectarian struggle along the lines of iraq and syria, isn't it? guest: that's right -- i think what we saw in this is discouraging is someone who supports the democratic process whether it is europe, the united states wherever -- everybody
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gets one man, one vote and when you lose you step away and try again the next time. in almost every instance where you have deep-seated ethnic or religious divides, every one of them -- egypt, syria, yemen -- we are realizing the transition between revolution and democracy could take decades or if you look at her greek, -- if you look at turkey, a century. i know that sounds ridiculous, but in turkey it is taking forever. i believe, believe it or not -- it is good short-term, bad long-term. i spent decades at cia hunting terrorists. when they are focused on local adversaries, they worry less about london, paris, and new york and more about maintaining power here. my concern is if there is a line drawn in sunni controlled areas, if those sunnis start to feel some stability they will
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return longer-term to say, ok, we are ok in this fight. we have maintained control. now we have to go after the state -- the heads of state. that's the brits, the canadians, the americans. katty: thank you. the shooting of an unarmed black man in south carolina -- in dashcam footage, walter scott is seen running away. the officer who shot him is been charged with murder and was accused of excessive force in the past. reporter: it is the footage that shocked americans and put a police officer he heinz bars -- behind bars. 50-year-old walter scott was shot dead, having been stopped apparently because his rear light was faulty. the officer said he was threatened. the passerby whose phone
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footage seems to prove that is a lie, is being described as a hero by the scott family. >> [indiscernible] then the backup came and they really -- [indiscernible] reporter: he says that he considered erasing the footage fearing that his life was i n danger because of what it showed. >> if someone has a family member where that happened, i would like to know the truth. reporter: the officer, michael slater, has been fired and charged with murder. a complaint was made against him in the past, the claim of excessive force with a taser gun against a man in his home, at complaint the police are now looking into again. >> the officer can do whatever you what stew because he has that power and i feel a lot of officers do that. reporter: they are saying the only reason the officer was
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charged here when officers have not been charged in similar cases across america was simply because of that mobile phone footage and they fear there is nothing to stop it happening again. they're calling for all police officers in this state to wear body cameras. >> people are treated differently based on color. once we recognize that, we have to implement allah sees and procedures to ensure there is transparency and accountability. body cameras go a long way to transparency, which ultimately will result in justice being served so there is greater accountability. reporter: cameras though are no solution to the underlying racial tensions that keep getting exposed here come a every time a black man in shot dead by a white officer. bbc news, in south carolina. katty: a story we are hearing to
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often here in america at the moment. the french tv broadcaster taken off the air by a huge cyberattacks says that all services have been restored. the hackers, who said they were from islamic state, disrupted the website and 11 of its television channels for many hours. the french prime minister condemned what he called an unacceptable attack on freedom of information. president obama says he will decide soon whether to remove the above from the list of countries that sponsor terrorism, but he is still waiting on recommendations from advisers. it would be a big step in improving relations between the two countries, whose leaders will both be at a regional summit in panama this weekend. already it has become easier for americans to visit cuba, but some cubans are asking what impact that will have on the island culture. our correspondent has more. reporter: it is today a little piece of paradise. it is also where an
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american-cuban relations with horribly wrong. this is the bay of pigs. he was in the trenches, successfully fighting off the cia-backed rebels. 51 years on, he and his friends want friendship with obama. >> i would say to obama, we love you liked we loved fidel and raul. we will welcome the americans with open arms. reporter: travel is becoming easier. it is a living motor museum, havana. 1950's chevys, buicks, studebaker's everywhere you go. today the americans are here to look, but how much longer before it is here to buy? chef but one of the concerns i
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have is an american citizen is there will be people who want to come down here and find those cars that you just do not see, that are not available and bring them back home. reporter: this is the export from the battle -- torpedoes. a factory where even today every cigar is still handrolled. they will be delighted to conquer the 3 billion a dollar american market that has been shut off to them for more than half a century. >> they want to smoke cuban cigars. we know we have to work. we have to work hard to get one part of the u.s. market. reporter: this progress may come at a price. it is likely that 1950's americana will be shipped back to the states.
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but what about the american brands of the 21st century? the star backs -- the starbucks a mcdonald's the hotel chains? will it lose individuality and its soul? geraldo fernandez has been described as cuba's mandela. in prison for 16 years and the u.s. for espionage, he was released that christmas, and is being tipped to succeed while castro -- raul castro as president. >> we can see what is happening now maybe in small countries europe, penetrated by big corporations and also american operations. i certainly hope that that is something that won't happen in cuba. reporter: what is clear is that cuba needs investment and badly. its infrastructure is crumbling. 90 miles separates this fishery
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line and the american coast. the unbridgeable divide for cubans is almost no more. katty: i spoke to john in havana a short time ago. john, how worried are cubans about this idea that as the country opens up to american business the character might change? i would think cubans would one american business at any price. john: they do want american business, but there is concern that the individuality and uniqueness might change a bit. it may change a little bit. of course it will change a bit. everything changes. it i think that actually be need for investment is so great that if the people in cuba suddenly see -- i don't know, the tourism industry booming as a result of investment from american goods developing that side of the island, then i think people will stand again. even though enormous progress
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has been made in cuba, you see hardships people are facing on a day-to-day basis and that is why i think this lost legacy of the cold war cannot be swept away quickly enough. katty: as cubans watch barack obama and he deliberates win or whether to move cuba from the list of state sponsors of terrorism, how important is that to cuba? john: that is one of the obstacles that is removed to having normal relations. a couple miles down the u.s. embassy that is largely standing empty. there are no diplomatic relations. yeah, we have met american to have come over to cuba on holiday. but they have always had to say, look we are doing this on a cultural visit or philanthropic visit. you cannot routinely buy yourself a ticket to havana. there are all sorts of things that are not normal yet and the biggest of those is trade with
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the united states. once those things go, you really have normalized relations. katty: jon sopel, having a good time in havana. you are watching bbc news america. still to come on the program -- we go to winnipeg where the number of attacks is raising alarms. it has been a week since nearly 150 people were killed in a canyon university in a carefully-planned attack by islamist group al-shabaab. the bbc has had exclusive access to the dormitories. in the days since the killings, the government has been trying to restore public confidence. karen helen has more for us. karen: as the work goes on, you get a sense of the sheer terror just a week ago. this is the courtyard where the
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gunman rounded up the victims locked them in here, and held them at one point. you can see the bullet marks on the ceilings, the walls and on some of the dormitories behind there are pop marks on the door and a blast injury wound there were the gunman forced their way in. there are shoes discarded on the side. books, clothing, a bible. and inside, the names and telephone numbers of loved ones. it would the sum 14 hours before special forces units freed the students that survived. . and the pieces of twisted metal and glass, the signs of security forces. the kenyan authorities have been swift to react. they sought airstrikes into somalia. they have named the man they believe is the mastermind behind
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the attack. there is a $200,000 bounty on his head. in the past 24 hours they have frozen the accounts of his mrs. and individuals prancing money to somalia. they believe that they have links to al-shabaab. but this is not simply about men with guns coming across the border. this may indeed be a homegrown threat. katty: there is something very sinister happening in the canadian city of winnipeg. the past few decades, an alarming number of aboriginal women and girls have an murdered or gone missing. figures show that aboriginals are four times more likely to be murdered another canadian women. our correspondent traveled to winnipeg to hear from some of the victims' families. she was 15 -- reporter: she was 15 when she
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went missing from the streets of winnipeg. last summer she left her foster home to visit her biological mother in the city. she never returned. she was murdered. her remains found weighted down in the red river, the main river that runs through winnipeg. >> this is new to me. this is certainly new. the way that her body was disposed of. i have not come across that before. reporter: her foster mother still cannot believe she is not coming home. >> oh, my god. it hurts so much. to know that someone would do that to a little girl. reporter: her death shocked winnipeg, not just because of its brutality, but because dozens of aboriginal women and
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girls have gone missing or been murdered here. there was clawed at all is born who has been missing since 2008 and a sure -- a few years earlier the severed body parts of her cousin found in the red river. aboriginal women are more likely to be murdered by strangers and casual acquaintances than other canadian women. and many women meet their killers in places like this, winnipeg's red light district. the police allowed us to film women in an undercover patrol as long as their faces were hidden. 90% of the women working here are aboriginal. >> from what we've seen since we have been working in the unit, i think the youngest was 17 and the oldest was 60. reporter: the streets have claimed the lives of these women and a monument to their memory
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stands at the red river. canadian society often blames the women because of their lifestyle. >> assign the blame where it belongs. assign the blame to the men all across the streets of canada that stock and prey upion the most -- prey upon the most vulnerable and marginalized in our society. reporter: the police say they are doing all they can. just last week the city was shaken again when another 15-year-old aboriginal girl was attacked. she disappeared from the same location as tina was last seen before she was murdered. katty: what looks like a very grim situation in winnipeg now. at five years old, most kids are playing with toys or are old enough to write a bike. in texas, one boy has used his
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time more productively. he has uncovered a dinosaur fossil that is a hundred million years old. he did have the assistance of his dad tim. >> [indiscernible] reporter: little hands that made a big discovery. he was digging in the dirt near his home in texas when you found some sort of skeleton. >> i thought i found a turtle. reporter: but what he actually found was a dinosaur fossil, 100 million years old. >> he walked a little ahead of me, came back with a piece of bone and it was something pretty large, so we started looking in that area, started finding more bones. reporter: the fossil is thought to be a type of dinosaur with armored plates on its back and similar in size to a pony.
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the discovery was made in september, but it has been taken months -- it has taken months for excavation permits. just but if you look around where we are, this is a shopping mall. you do not think of man's bill, texas as being a fossil hub of the world, but it is. reporter: the bones have been carefully wrapped to be transported to southern methodist university, where there will be cleaned -- where they will be cleaned to everyone's delight. >> it's kind of overwhelming for me. i do not think he understands this may never happen again for us. it's awesome, amazing. this is probably a once-in-a-lifetime find. reporter: so, a piece of land destined to become a carpark, a piece of jurassic park. bbc news. katty: i love that story.
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you have to wonder what wylie will match it with. quite a thing to find at the age of five and quite a thing to live up to for the rest of your life. the glad you found it. that brings our program to a close. you can find much more of the day's news on our website. i'm katty kay. thanks for watching. please tune in again tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> it's a global truth -- we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and
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support almost every industry across the globe. because success takes partnership, and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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coming up next on odd squad... tube access denied! o'brian is tube-blocking you! this is ridiculous! i need to use the tube! otto is out there all alone! (shouts) where are you? - odd squad is made possible in part by... - ...a cooperative agreement with the u.s. department of education, the corporation for public broadcasting's ready to learn grant and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. my name is agent olive. this is my partner, agent otto. this is my lucky basketball. but back to otto and me. we work for an organization run by kids that investigates anything strange, weird... and especially odd. our job is to put things right again. [♪]
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[♪] olive: who do we work for? we work for odd squad. [distant thunder] [sigh] hey, olive - don't say it. i was just gonna say that - i know that we haven't had a case yet today. don't. if you say it, ms. o will give us one. what? that's ridiculous. try it. hey olive isn't it kind of weird we haven't had a case yet today? you two! in my office! i have a case for you. whoa! told you. ms. o: we've got reports of time-travelling laser chickens in the park. over here, people!
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[loud explosions] otto: they look really angry. you try travelling through time and space looking for a homeland while being chased by morlocks... i may know a bit about them. as long as you follow olive's lead and do exactly what she says, you'll be fine. well, what are you waiting for? go! [beeping] o'brian send us to the park. preparing to squishinate! squishinating! what happened? sorry, olive, it looks like your tube is broken. oh, okay. i'll just use this one. preparing to squishinate! squishinating!


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