tv BBC World News America PBS April 13, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
♪ >> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we have believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries,
because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come -- giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: a year ago 200 nigerian schoolgirls went missing sparking international outrage. now witnesses say they spotted them in the past few weeks. a day after hearing clinton jumped in the presidential race, republican marco rubio throws his hat in the ring. and his writing insights praise but his past has major controversy. we look back on the right that on the life of german writer guenter grass -- look back on
the life of german writer guenter grass. welcome to our viewers on public television and in america. eyewitnesses in northern nigeria tell the bbc that some of the schoolgirls kidnapped by islamist militants a year ago have been seen. the adoption of the girls sparked a global outcry to bring back our girls. little has been known about their whereabouts. eyewitnesses along the northern part of the country say they seen the girls. reporter: they marched across the capital in silence, refusing to forget that the 219 students still being held. this is all we have seen from the girls in the year since they were taken from their school
dormitory that night. even today the danger of a boko haram attack remains. the entire community has been traumatized by the abductions. the past year has been agony as she waits news for her youngest daughter. >> i know she is alive and i will see her. sometimes i go inside and arrange her clothes, believing god will bring her back to me. >> her younger sister struggles every day with her loss. >> i feel lonely whenever i see sisters walking together. i wish it was me and her. unless they bring my sister back i cannot go back to school. i won't. i'm afraid. reporter bang there have been very few facts about the schoolgirls. we build up a picture of what may have happened to them. the girls were taken from the
remote town of -- they were driven into the forest. it is not clear they were split up into groups. an eyewitness told the bbc she saw a convoy of many young women. for months there was no concrete information about their whereabouts as boko haram captured more areas. as the military offensive took hold and military was taken back people with fresh news. >> a week after they were brought to the camp. and they said yes, we believed them. they cleaned their compound offered themselves, and they braided each other's hair. they were treated differently.
reporter bang we spoke to an eyewitness to afraid to be identified, who lived under boko parameter for eight months. >> we saw them being taken away. they say a had been dropped on them. some of the sisters were injured and they were taken to the hospital. reporter: the army has taken over and boko haram has fled. jihadists head into the mountains and back into the forest. it is not clear if any of the girls were taken with them. the objection of the schoolgirls caught the world's attention. since it happened exactly a year ago, many more hundreds of people have been seized by boko program -- by boko ram -- i boko ram.
town's families have been torn apart and have no idea if they will ever be -- countless families have been torn apart and have no idea if it will ever be reunited. laura: for more on the fate of the girls i reached out with the deputy director of the atlantic council's african center. we are hearing in that report the girls have been seen as recently as three weeks ago. why haven't they been found by nigerians army? guest: one of the major problems is the fact that the nigerian security force has been so brutal. people are afraid to share information with the military and police. i think it is also a consideration that even if they knew where these girls were they would be careful about attempting a rescue because the probability they would be killed while the rescue is in progress is extremely high.
laura: nigeria does have a new president-elect. he says getting girls -- getting the girls back is a top priority. but is he going to be any more successful than his predecessor? guest: he certainly has an incentive to get them back. it is something jonathan spectacularly failed to do. it would be a visible sign of progress if you are able to get you -- able to get a hold of them. this is a complicated issue. you could come up with this situation where commander stormed the camp and 20 or 30 women were killed, which wouldn't be a great outcome. laura: some progress is being made a nigerian forces? guest: a miraculous amount of progress. the nigerian military managed to clear boko haram of almost all of the servant strongholds. the force has been significantly degraded. it still remains a potent guerrilla force.
in some respects that is the hardest part of the battle. laura: unicef reminded us that those displaced by boko parameter our children. is a whole generation being lost? guest: it reminds me in uganda when the lord's resistance army was terrorizing the north. sometimes they can't go out. an entire lost generation has the future stolen from them. laura: it is not just the girls who have been kidnapped, hundreds of i -- hundreds of nigerians have two. guest: in some cases children as young as four years old are forced to behold his. older girls are used as sex slaves or wives. they are forced to marry the soldiers and boko haram fighters
who cannot afford to get married because they do not have a dowry. giving these women to them is a significant benefit from them. laura: there has been negotiations between the nigerian government and kidnappers. guest: a lot of it is muted. when you hear about the potential for a hostage swap you are talking about boko haram lives children -- innocent women and children who have been arrested by nigerian security forces. laura: thank you so much for joining us. after the u.s. presidential election, each day there seems to be a new contender. now it is marco rubio's turn to announce his candidacy for 2016. the first-term senator is hoping to win republican nomination in what is shaking -- what is shaping up to be a crowded field. then i think this country needs to decide not what party is in
charge but what kind of country we want moving forward. i think the 21st century can be an american century. what makes us unique as this is the one place on earth with millions and millions of people who aren't rich are able to save for retirement. our next president has to be someone who understands that, is passionate about it, and has a plan to expand it. laura: now presidential candidate marco rubio. a day earlier former secretary of state hillary clinton made her candidacy official. now she is off to iowa for the ultimate road trip area he served as president obama's national press secretary in his 2012 reelection campaign. thank you for being with us. as a member of team obama, what would you say hillary clinton's greatest weakness is?
guest: her greatest weakness was the are a of inevitability around her. in these early states, the primary states, the voters like to be able to look under the hood and kick the tires and get to know you in intimate settings. it seems like that is exactly what she is doing this time around. that must be the theory behind the road trip. they will go to the smaller venues, not the big crowds where voters can ask her questions and share their opinions. laura: it looks as if she is inevitable for the democratic nomination. issue falling in -- falling exactly into that trap that you were talking about? guest: there have been several candidates that talked about challenging her. republicans are going to be testing every day. what she needs to do is make it accessible to voters. so she is not perceived as inevitable.
laura: it really runs as her own person down they'll take it. guest: i think if you looked at that launch video it looked like the future. it looked like america in 2015. when you contrast that to some of the republicans out there they are not coming up with any new economic ideas. they are not reacting to the moment america's are today. laura: it was very touchy-feely. it was more about families. a team -- a complete contrast to hurt 2008 video. guest: she talked consistently about hard-working americans. the fact we have recovered from the financial crisis but they
are still struggling to make ends meet. laura: which potential candidate to you think has most fears? guest: it will depend on the electorate. she is likely to raise the most money. he is not resonating with the base. when you look at iola and new hampshire that will play such a critical role in the nominating process, they are cheering on candidates like scott walker and marco rubio who are perceived as a bit more conservative than bush on several portman issues -- on several important issues. laura: how do she win them this time? guest: when you get to the late states in the primary process she became a very tough candidate to beat. in some ways that is the playbook.
it made herself successful where she showed detail policy knowledge in a setting of every day americans. she reverses the flow of that first campaign and thinks about what she did in the primary states. she will be very tough to beat. laura: thank you for joining us. the nominees from around the world. washington has raised concerns over its decision to lift a band on delivery. it was introduced in 2010 in compliance to u.s. sanctions. a deal on curbing iran's nuclear activity is finalized by the end of june. international sections will be lifted. a federal judge in the u.s. has rejected a deal -- reject an appeal. convicted of involvement of a massacre in iraq, all former members of the u.s. military were found guilty last october of kilted -- of killing 14 iraqis in baghdad.
one was sentenced to life in prison for murder. the perfume and fashion business has been convicted of tax fraud. he finds more than a million dollars. she is the most high profile person to be convicted as a result of leaking. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, giving violence a new skin in the world of digital downloads. the old-fashioned record as having a comeback. japan is reported to planning to cut emissions by 2030. it is far short of what it pledged in the kyoto agreements. explain why japan's target is less ambitious.
reporter: japan may have a reputation of being a clean and efficient country, but he is still one of the biggest producers of greenhouse gases. the reason of this is the fukushima disaster. all of japan's nuclear reactors have been closed down. japan produces nearly all of its electricity from burning coal and natural gas. that means more co2 is being pumped into the air. back in 1997 of the kyoto climate conference japan committed itself to cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 25% below 1990 levels by the year 2020. after the fukushima disaster, tokyo scrapped that promise. now it appears the government has a new formula. japan will cut emissions by 20% below 2013 levels by the year
2030. the trouble with that is that it is a much smaller cut. the japanese government will argue that it is even more reason why japan must get its nuclear power plant back online as soon as possible. an environmental campaign is here, saint japan can do much more to increase output from renewable sources. bbc news in tokyo. laura: guenter grass has died at 87. in 1999 he was awarded with the nobel prize for literature. in recent years he shocked
germany when he revealed he has been a member of the wool from ss, the elite military wing of the nazi party. reporter: he was a gifted author and poet who enjoyed political and commercial acclaim as a sculptor and graphic artist. he came in the night -- he came to prominence in the late 1950's when his first project the tin drum was published. readers were outraged by uncompromising thoughts of nazi germany's middle-class values. this strange story became an oscar-winning film that has been widely accepted for what it was, a brilliant portrayal of the trouble to 20th century. it was set in poland. a few years later he joined the hitler youth.
>> i believe up until the end. it means believing in our own life. i am thankful i am going to get those early. reporter: the shadows cast by the recent past form the basis of much of his work. there was a dark secret he was harboring. he had served in the not seize notorious ss, a late revelation made in a memoir that angered and disappointed many who branded him a hypocrite. the politically engaged frequently outspoken guenter grass was used to controversy. this was uncompromising.
he saw his job as a writer and a citizen to make sure germany never averted to its staggered pass. he would go on to resonate around the world. laura: guenter grass lived a life that merit germany's past. now for the music industry, where old-fashioned records are getting a new lease on life as fans flock to vinyl. sales hit a two decade high last year. it's not just the older acts getting in. bbc's colin to reports. >> can you remember this one? colin: vinyl has been giving its
own singles albums and charts. a it has proved to be markedly resilient in the digital age. >> a younger and younger generation -- a younger generation is realizing there's something missing that physical milk -- the physical music hopes to fill. colin: 1.2 million were sold last year and figures predict it will grow by 70% in 2015. -- by 17% in 2015. a closer examination of the final charts reveals they are not all about new releases. also about three releases. and number five is --
when it comes to top 40 of the new vinyl albums charts, there is nirvana, stone roses, and three albums by led zeppelin. vinyl only makes up one point 5% of all our sales. considering that seven years ago its share was 0.1%, this is a real and significant trend. bbc news, manchester. laura: for more on the rising popularity of vinyl, i spoke a brief time ago with bill wordy a music industry expert and former editor of billboard. he joins us from new york. what is behind this vinyl revival? bill: a lot of this is being driven by younger folks. from the studies i seen, you are over indexing for vinyl on basically eight 2-1 representation. for every 10 out of 100 people
they survey that is under 35, they are roughly responsible for 20% of vinyl purchases. what interesting is it is not just a pure final -- your vinyl fetishism that is happening. they belong to music fan clubs that sort of thing. it is very much a novelty with a younger generation. most of these kids that are over indexing, they weren't even alive last time i know was a mainstream or at -- mainstream format. a little bit of nostalgia fetishism, but not actual nostalgia. laura: they are buying new bands on vinyl can all-time low.
bill: people have used music for so long to define their identity to showcase who they are. i think the digital age doesn't always allow that. tiny little icons on your iphone screen. sometimes it is nothing at all. vinyl lets you demonstrate to your friends just who you are. he takes a beautiful space and it is an attractive package. laura: we are talking about 1.5% of album sales do you see that growing in the future? bill: for the last four of five years final has tripled. in america you're talking about 3% of album sales are final. as much as i do think it will grow, i don't think what we are looking at is a massive vinyl of resurgence. i think we are at something that is fun and great for media to observe and something that is
very real with a certain hipster set, and not something that a typical american or worldwide experience is going to be, rushing out having to buy a vinyl player. laura: you say it is confined and not going to hit the middle of america? bill: they pattern there -- pattern their aesthetic taste after those folks living in williamsburg. ironically more people find out about the sorts of trends and more people have access to order vinyl and things like that. i don't think it spreads especially deep in most places of the world. or a bank thank you so much for joining us. if only i had my human league of vinyl collection i can make a fortune selling it. that brings today's show to a close. for most of the bbc team let's go to twitter.
thank you for watching and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> it's a global truth -- we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and support almost every industry across the globe.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: the race for 2016. hillary clinton and marco rubio launch their formal bids for president. where the field stands as two more candidates leave the gate. good evening, i'm gwen ifill. judy woodruff is away. also ahead this tuesday: from sidewalks to highways, the environmental costs of cement, and experiments underway to invent tougher materials that save more energy. >> we're stepping down on climate change, this is a carbon negative process that helps trap the greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide. >> ifill: plus, golf's new young master. a 21-one-year-old smashes