tv BBC World News America PBS April 27, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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support almost every industry across the globe. because success takes partnership, and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: reporting from washington, i am katty kay. damage as far as the eye can see. in nepal, the death toll continues to rise from saturday's quake. it is a race to get to those who remain. >> these are some of the most remote communities, on the border with china. katty: on mount everest, 200 climbers have been rescued, but others are still cut off by the avalanche. and as the japanese prime
minister gets ready to visit the white house, this is probably not what he wants his hosts to see, protests over plans to expand a u.s. military base. katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the paul is still reeling from the enormous earthquake which struck on saturday -- nepal is still reeling from the earthquake which struck on saturday. rescuers are trying to reach many areas affected, but they face challenges even getting through the remote mountainous terrain. justin sent us this report from nepal's border. justin: two days into the disaster and a huge rescue operation is underway. we are on the first flight into
one of the most remote regions of nepal. the geological forces that are raising of the himalayas have reached a terrible destruction here. these are some of the most remote communities in nepal right up on the border with china. [indiscernible] they were hit yesterday. i communities like this are the least able to cope. >> we are starving and have nothing. some of our villages have no water. there are dead bodies just lying around. we cannot even bring them. justin: those that can hobble to the helicopter. others are carried, one severely injured old man rushed in on a wheelbarrow. the death toll is already close to 4000. as the rescue effort pushes out
into these remote communities it will only rise. back at kathmandu airport, the injured stream off the helicopters. she is saying her leg is broken. the himalayan village where these people live was destroyed by the earthquakes and the avalanches that followed them. hundreds died, they told me. among the dead were western tourists. >> two died with one sherpa and two porters. justin: carrying the stuff. they all died on the mountain? >> you just hang on. you just hang on. anyway, i am glad i survived. justin: as night falls the rescue stops but the
helicopters will be back in the mountains in the morning. justin rollout -- justin, bbc news, kathmandu. katty: for a third night thousands of people are out on the streets, either too afraid to return home or having no home to go back to. thanks to international aid efforts, vast tent cities are springing up across the nepalese category, but the local government still needs everything from helicopters to blankets. a report from kathmandu. clive coleman the convulsions lasted -- clive: the convulsions lasted a minute, maybe two. seconds transformed the landscape. for search teams, it has been another grueling day. slowly, the rubble is yielding up the dead. but hope is alive. a turkish rescue team reached him in the neck of time. and there are others who might live. but the hospitals of this impoverished nation have been
swollen to bursting point. she is eight and was playing at home when the earth began to shake. her grandfather was outside powerless to intervene as the house collapsed on top of her. grandfather: initially, i thought she was gone, injured as the house collapsed. but i somehow managed to pull her out. she was bleeding and had bruises all over her body. clive across the city:, another cremation. funeral pyres await the dead. it is not mountain air that lingers today but bitter clouds resenting the emptiness, grief and despair of those left behind. the work of the rescuers goes on into the night as the first fires are lit in tent cities. but there is a sense among those too afraid to go back to their homes that the government could
do more to help them, to feed them. >> is it government or nongovernment organization providing the noodles? i do not know. clive: that is all you are getting, two packets of noodles individually. are you getting water? >> we're not getting water. clive: of course none of these people have any idea how long they will have to live in a tent with their belongings in plastic bags. aftershocks continued to rattle the area. the safest place to be in this country at the moment is outside. so it is another night beneath the stars, say for now. -- safe for now. katty: a short time ago, i spoke to clive in kathmandu and asked about the outlook for people living in the tent cities. clive: the fact is, they don't know what the future holds at the moment.
we have been getting aftershocks throughout the day. one of them registered 6.7 on the meters. and that is a very, very powerful aftershock indeed. in fact, it is an earthquake pretty much, and that has obviously frightened a lot of people. they are not willing to go back to the structures they have lived in for many years, because they are worried they will crash on top of them. they would rather stay outside in the open air. that area where the tents were in my report -- that is normally a parade ground for the nepalese army, but it has been taken over by thousands of people who are willing to stay there as long as it takes before the all clear is given. of course, here in kathmandu the search continues for survivors. there have been some successes today. people dragged out of the rubble, covered in dust and mud three days after the quake actually struck. but of course, for many more bodies are actually being taken out from the devastated parts of
the city here. and indeed, it is possible to see from the main road here some of the smoke rising up from the main hindu temple complex, which is where mass cremations are taking place. those funeral pyres are likely to last for many days to, as the death toll continues to rise. there is one other big problem. the government says it needs everything from blankets to helicopters. aid is beginning to trickle in. but rescue teams are having trouble getting out to the more remote parts of this country, particularly communities in mountain areas. the suggestion is that if earthquake had the kind of effect it has had in kathmandu there could mean -- be many casualties and some of the areas rescue teams are still having trouble to reach. katty: of course, we will not know for a while. clive, thank you very much. meanwhile, on mount everest, at least 18 climbers are known to have died. more than 200 survivors who were
stranded on the mountain have been rescued by helicopters. caroline hawley has more on the effort to get the climbers to safety. caroline: life lost, belongings flung around the mountainside, and dramatic stories of survival. climbers will -- were swept away in their tent, and others had the narrowest of escapes. the focus today was saving those stranded above base camp. nick: 70 people are trapped above the ice fall. the job of these three pilots is to get as many survivors as they can. as he you can see behind me there are clouds coming in. bad weather is on its way. high winds are coming in from the tibetan plateau. caroline: this is already one of the most dangerous spots on earth. the climbers at camp to our getting down -- are trying to get down but the acres on the
kublai's fall -- on the ice fall were swept away, preventing them from getting down to base camp. >> it is shaky. caroline: this is the moment the earthquake struck. high in the himalayas, they see the avalanche coming straight at them. they start to try to out run the vast wall of snow and ice. >> everything was gone. all our tents were gone. the guy who stood in front of me was 30 feet over there. we were missing one person. we do not know if she is alive or dead. caroline: steve was among dozens of british climbers on average at the time -- on everest at the time. he hoped to be the first person with cystic fibrosis to get to the top of the world's highest mountain.
steve: there was what i would describe as a huge white tsunami coming toward me. it spun me to the ground. i consider myself extremely lucky. one of my teammates did not survive. caroline: susanna ross, a waitress from bath, was hiking in a group of 13. her family found out today she is alive. crack some are injured, and we are not sure which ones or how minor or major. we are just hoping to get this out to as many people as possible, because we want to make sure the helicopter goes to rescue them as them as possible. caroline: the ross family at least have some news. communication is badly disrupted. many british people in nepal are still unaccounted for. caroline hawley, bbc news. katty: for more on the difficult aid effort, i spoke earlier with jeremy, the director of usaid's
office of foreign disaster assistance. we have seen there are a host of challenges for aid workers. what are your concerns at the moment, in terms of getting help to those who need it? jeremy: there are large logistical hurdles. the kathmandu airport is functional. that is good. we did not assume that would be the case after a quick of the size. it is not a huge airport. there are challenges landing there at night. we are looking for ways to expand their round-the-clock service. another challenge as we get her out, closer to the epicenter -- a lot of locked roads. right now, only helicopter access. that will be an impediment. the way we get scale of aid is by roads. we need to be clearing roads and getting over land. katty: what are the nepalese asking for, and who is providing it? jeremy: the biggest asks are for shelter support, health support food and water. those are the big four after any
emergency. we are prioritizing shelter. you have seen footage of people living on the street. the u.s. government has deployed 700 rolls of plastic sheeting, enough for about 35,000 people. those should arrive on wednesday. we are starting to mobilize medical assistance and other forms of assistance. katty: you can get into kathmandu, and the u.s. has already sent a cargo plane with personnel on board. but we are not getting it to people who need it in remote or areas. jeremy: the challenge is getting the staging out of kathmandu and getting enough helicopter lifts and ultimately road access into other areas. we do not have great visibility at this point over what the needs are in those areas. we are assuming a lot of need. but there has not been much verification done because the logistics are complex. katty: three days after the quake, we have people living out in conditions like this, with lack of access to sanitation and water. people start getting concerned. unicef has warned of children who have been affected by diseases.
a much concern is that at this stage? jeremy: it is often referenced as a concern. we are usually good at avoiding anything like that. you look at the philippines a couple years ago or haiti, there were not major disease outbreak related to the disaster itself. i think we will be able to stay ahead of that, but we are sending in medical teams and medical supplies, as our people around the world. katty: earlier you were talking about some of the preparation that has been made for an earthquake like this in nepal. how many -- how much gaming had you done beforehand? much gaming had you done beforehand? jeremy: quite a bit. nepal is a known risk zone for earthquakes, obviously. we invested about 15 years and working with the nepali government and localall of those things
are being brought together. katty: for people who want to help, what do you want them to give? jeremy: cash. the best thing you can give is cash contributions to a reputable organization. katty: thank you for coming in. you can get all the latest on what is happening in nepal and the relief efforts on our website. other news from around the world. the u.s. secretary-general, ban ki-moon, is heading to the mediterranean to investigate europe's migrant crisis. you will be accompanied by prime minister matteo renzi. last week, more than 700 people drowned, making the journey to the tiny italian island of lampedusa. the army has been diploid in burundi on the second day of protest against the president's decision to run for a third term
of office. the main independent radio station has been that down after the government accused it of trying to disrupt the peace. police used tear gas to disperse demonstrations in the capital. america's attorney general has been sworn in to replace eric holder, who left on friday after six years. she is expected to serve as top admiral law enforcement official for the remainder of the obama administration. you are watching "bbc world news america." protesters and police clash in baltimore, where public anger is growing over the unexplained death of a black american man in police custody. european and ukrainian leaders have been meeting in kiev as fighting in the east continues. tom burress is outside donetsk a city that has been at the forefront of fighting since it
began. he sent this report of life on the front line. tom: this is the reality of a neighborhood on the edge of donetsk. this apartment block has been badly damaged by shelling in recent days, weeks, and months. this area is right now the line. the frontline is probably a few hundred meters in that direction. you can see the children's play area in the foreground, where children used to play. there are, incredibly, some people still living here, mainly elderly residents we have seen coming out of the apartment block here. resident: i have not been here -- i have no one left, no parents, no husband. i ami am living with a friend. my flat is destroyed. i come here every few days. i am wearing slippers so i can run away easily if i need to. we are sick of all this. every single day, there is constant fighting. tom: you can see evidence all
around here that this area has been shelled. a lot. and you can hear shells going off in the background. i have heard quite a few explosions within the last 15 minutes. we just heard another shell there. through all this, there are european and ukrainian leaders meeting in kiev in a summit. all the talk of closer economic and political integration is, for now, to a certain extent redundant while they were continues here in eastern ukraine. -- while the war continues here in eastern ukraine. katty: in baltimore today, they bury the young american man whose death in police custody sparked days of protests.
freddie gray died of severe spinal injuries early this month after an arrest caught on video. after weekend protests, collapses erected again this evening, during which a number of officers were injured. reporter: days attention have led to this -- young people rampaging through the streets of baltimore, targeting police, throwing stones and rocks and vandalizing cars. officials say several officers have been hurt, some with broken bones and at least one who is now unconscious. >> we have officers deployed throughout the city to make sure we can continue to deliver police services to the citizens of baltimore, and we will continue to keep the city safe. our officers are working as quickly and appropriately as they can to bring about order in the area and effect arrests of the criminals who violently and without provocation attacked our police officers. reporter: it all follows the death of freddie gray.
mobile phone footage showed him screaming in pain as he was dragged to a police man. lawyers say he was soon in a coma, his spine severed. early in the day, his funeral was held. his sister is one of those who has been calling for calm, saying violence is not what freddie would have wanted. but these people are not listening. what had been demonstrations about justice and equality have turned to looting and distraction, and many are fearful of what is next. bbc news in washington. katty: scenes becoming all too familiar here in america. the u.s. and japan have agreed to boost their military ties, giving japan a more robust role in global security. the revised guidelines, which covers such areas as missile defense and maritime security, come as japan's prime minister, shinzo abe, visits america with a full agenda ahead of him.
he will meet president obama on tuesday, followed by an official state dinner. on wednesday, he will address a joint meeting of the u.s. congress. back at home, he faces increasing public anger over a new u.s. army base. wingfield hayes has more. reporter: it is 6:30 in the morning on okinawa, and the locals are getting restless. they have been doing this every morning here for the last 295 days. trying to stop a massive expansion of this u.s. marine corps base. >> [indiscernible] in a democratic country, it is not right. now, they want a new base. we cannot allow that to happen. rupert: the plan is to dump
millions of tons of rotten soil onto this pristine reef and to build two new runways across it. it is late morning now, and the protesters have taken to the water. in small kayaks, they try to dodge past the coast guard. but in their powerful speedboats, the coast guard quickly outflank them. so far, the protests here have been peaceful. the anger is growing. it is very clear that the vast majority of people here in okinawa, 80% or more, do not want this new base to be built, but tokyo is going ahead regardless and that makes people here in okinawa feel that once again their democratic rights are being trampled on for the sake of tokyo's military relationship with washington. [simons] --[sirens] rupert: the solar means,'s --
this alarm means scramble. japanese fighter jets did this 943 times last year. that is why japan's government wants the u.s. basis to stay. a few kilometers away, on top of a hill, he is digging for human remains. even now, okinawans cannot forget or forgive what happened here at the end of world war ii. >> u.s. forces assaulted the island of okinawa. rupert: in a three month slaughter, 250,000 died on this island. thousands were civilians ordered to commit suicide by japanese commanders. >> the japanese military was the only one that ordered soldiers and civilians to kill themselves rather than surrender. when i dig up the remains of women and children, it is very
hard for me to forgive the teaching in japan at that time. rupert: the bitterness toward tokyo here is stronger than ever. a few are even calling for independence from japan. when prime minister abbe tells president -- prime minster abe tells president obama everything and open no one is under control, he should not be reassured. rupert wingfield-hayes, okinawa, japan. katty: shinzo abe in japan with difficult issues to deal with. before we go, a quick look at our top story. net paul is still reeling from the enormous earthquake that -- justin: -- nepal is still reeling from the enormous earthquake that struck on saturday. rescuers are trying to get to remote areas, but it is very
difficult because they are mountainous. thousands of people have been out in the streets, too afraid to return home, or simply have no home left to go to. a very difficult situation in nepal. from all of us here, thank you for watching. i will see you back here tomorrow. ♪ ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation, and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries. that is the strength behind good
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: devastation in nepal. the death toll climbs, as rescue teams struggle to provide aid and medical supplies in the wake of the massive earthquake. good evening, i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. also ahead this monday: violent clashes with police in baltimore. protesters take to the streets again, after mourners pay respect to freddie gray, who died in police custody. >> ifill: plus, in their own words. we hear from the families at the center of the supreme court's landmark case on same-sex marriage. >> marriage should be allowed for gays and lesbians as it is for heterosexual couples.