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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 5, 2015 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT

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>> this is bbc world news america. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, mufg and sony pictures classics, now presenting "testament of youth." >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries. that's the strength behind good banking relationships, too. which is why at mufg, we believe financial partnerships should endure the test of time. with time comes change. and what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. mufg, we build relationships that build the world.
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>> is it terrible of me to be excited about oxford? >> we have to work twice as hard as the men. >> do we have a suffragette on our hands? >> these romantics are not good for you. >> i can't stay here. >> i have to go. >> we belong together. >> i am coming back. >> "testament of youth," rated pg-13. now playing in select cities. coming soon to a theater near you. >> and now, bbc world news america. anchor: this is bbc world news america. i'm nick bryant. after a massive data breach in the u.s., china denies allegations it was behind the hack. the white house stresses the need to say this. >> we have seen our adversaries use innovative techniques to learn from their previous efforts to try to find vulnerabilities in our systems
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and exploit them. nick: greece's prime minister remains defiant after delaying an imf deadline. 11 years after his death, ronald reagan remains a republican icon. we explore the keys to his political success. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the fbi is investigating a massive data breach, which has possibly compromised the personal data of 4 million current and former federal employees. the white house says no conclusion has been reached about the origin of the hack, but many point the finger at china. beijing responded by saying accusations are responsible.
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reporter: the federal government employees arriving to work this morning had much more to think about than what they will do this weekend. they have worries about what if their personal information has been stolen on a cyber attack on all 4 million government staff. the fingers pointed at the chinese. the president pushed spokesman said it was too close to him to say. -- it was too soon to say. >> no attributions about the particular attack have been reached at this point. this is under investigation. reporter: there came a big -- >> but when it comes to china you all know that the president has frequently, including every single meeting he has conducted with the current chinese president, raised china's activities in cyberspace as a source of significant concern. reporter: the chinese government hit back angrily. >> hacking attacks are conducted
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anonymously across nations and it is hard to track the source. it is irresponsible and unscientific to make groundless allegations before making in-depth investigations. reporter: there is now a full fbi investigation into the extent of which security information has been compromised. if this cyber security expert told us, what the fbi will be keen to establish his motive. >> the reason people do this is because there is value associated with that data. there is value on the black market for selling personal data for identities or there is a you potentially to have state-sponsored activities. to know who all the federal employees are reporter:. reporter: the u.s. government and american companies are spending billions each year to protect vital data. it looks as though they made me to spend a whole lot more.
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it may be that no amount of money will solve this. the white house believes this is going to be a continuous problem and the challenge for government and the private sector is just to get better at detecting when a cyber hack happens and then taking measures to limit the damage. nick: for more on this, i spoke a brief time ago with austin bergquist. he formerly served as a special agent of the fbi's ciber branch in new york. who is behind this? this is a coordinated state-sponsored attack or are these rogue chinese hackers? austin: no one knows for sure but all indications are that this is a state-sponsored attack, a sophisticated attack targeted at the opm's website for the purpose of stealing
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illias of records on federal employees. nick: what is the strategic and practical value of stealing social security numbers of so many government employees. austin: if it does in fact come back to china or some other nationstate, i think it is an important moment. the typical nationstate attacks are targeted at intellectual property and theft of trade secrets. they are looking at personal information, which can be used for additional targeted spear phishing attempts against individuals, collecting personal information and using it for intelligence purposes and other reasons. nick: is china getting better at offense or is america getting worse and defense? is washington losing the cyber war? austin: i don't think it is washington losing a cyber war.
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it is difficult for the good guys to stay ahead in this area. we have nationstates like china russia, iran, who have government backing for cyber armies to attack the u.s. to gain political social, or economic advantages over us, it can do a lot of damage and it is a lot of times a game of cat and mouse where we are trying to chase the attacker. federal government, along with private corporations, are doing a much better job at reducing the time from identification to remediation or mediating the systems. nick: the white house today said that president obama has entered into a dialogue over the years with chinese leadership about this very issue. it does not seem to be having any effect. the attacks keep on coming. if anything, they are getting more aggressive austin:. this is true -- aggressive. austin: this is true.
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i called the dirty pond environment. in any one of these attacks you will find the presence of multiple nationstates. even if they confirm it is a chinese national attack, i would not be surprised if there were other nationstates or criminal actors that use the same vulnerabilities. china has been attacking the united states for years and looking to gain as much advantage as they can. nick: is this a one-way street or is america doing the same in china? austin: i believe we are doing the same thing. i would be surprised if we work and i'm hoping we do. nick: thank you very much for joining us from new york. austin: thank you. nick: the great prime minister alexis tsipras has rejected an extension of that repayments. he called the demands the logical and told rick parliament he would not allow the country
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to be subjugated or humiliated. james reynolds reports. james: this country counts every euro it can find. it needs every cent for the battles choosing to fight. tonight, the prime minister has called europe osh latest proposals unrealistic. greece still wants a rescue with no major cuts. >> is time for everyone to prove they are working towards a viable solution and not to subjugate and humiliate an entir e nation. this is what they are doing they should know it will have the exact opposite affect. james: athens university law school has seen better days. no one picks up the rubbish anymore. if greece is to reach a deal with europe, the university may
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make or cuts -- make more cuts. its workers say no. >> i guess we could go on strike again. there is no other way to do with it. we have already lost too much. james: greece says it is fed up of being lectured to by your. it once its own voice to be heard. -- lectured to by europe. it wants its own voice to be heard. greece can be left alone. shouting for the stands does not always make a difference. he has saved up to take his son to go see their team. >> i hope things change in the next 15 or 20 years. we need to change our mentality as people. james: in what way? >> we must stop thinking about
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now and must plan ahead 10, 15 years ahead for our children polish future. james: tonight greece approaches its deadline with a sense of the finance. -- sense of defiance. it is a risk. no deal means no money. nick: two explosions have occurred in elections in southeast turkey. it has left two dead. more than 130 people were taken to hospitals. doctors put out an urgent appeal for blood donations. in china, family members from a desperate for news about their loved ones who were aboard a cruise ship that capsized earlier this week in the young sea river -- in the yangtze river. in a moment, we will have a report from the riverside. first, marty patience is
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speaking with families where access to information has been tightly controlled. marty: here we go. we are getting answers from the authorities. we are not being allowed to film what is a peaceful protest of relatives gathered here with flowers to pay respects to the missing passengers. there is very tight security and authorities often don't want the media to film distressed relatives because they believe could harm what they call social stability in china. the protesters want answers for what happened to their loved ones who were on board the eastern star. that vote has been raised. it is a great -- it is upright and that should quicken the recovery process. the focus is on bringing out
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bodies. relatives want answers, but they also want the bodies of their loved one so they can start burials. >> we don't want to cause any troubles. we just want to commemorate our residents. marty: has you can see, a very heavy-handed response. police don't want pictures of the relatives. they are hoping to get to the rescue scene. it is doubtful whether the soldiers will actually get that far. it is underscoring how sensitive an issue this is for china, and often the relatives are manhandled by the authorities. nick: we go to the riverside, where chinese salvage teams have fully righted the ship and they are searching for bodies. john saw worth as that part of the story. john: the ship came to rest
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upside down. overnight through this morning the salvage teams have rotated it 180 degrees so that the blue roof is visible in these giant cranes are now winching the body of the ship out of the water. we have seen these small green launchers, alongside with the dreadful task of collecting the bodies. for the chinese government, this technical, complex, with just a cooperation -- complex logistical operation are here to do with the worst disaster in recent memory. those onshore are openly wondering about the official line, that this was caused by a tornado. one fact sticks out. this was a very large cruise
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ship, operated by a state-owned company, that flipped over and sank in a matter of minutes, taking hundreds of lives with it. the suspicion of the families is the need to the communist party to measure public response to what is a national tragedy will trump answers and the trip. nick: you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program, he defended saddam hussein tosh regime to the world. tariq aziz died at age 79 while awaiting execution. more details on financial transactions at fifa. it a payment made by the football association of ireland. more than $7 million was given to stop legal action over a french strike.
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that led to a goal that knocked ireland out of the 2010 world cup qualifier. richard cromwell reports. richard: it was the moment the island pot world cup dream came crashing down. just 16 minutes away from going to the world cup, someone mishandled the ball. the island promised legal action. it has emerged thatfifa -- that fifa paid them 5 million euros. some have made it tantamount to hush money, and accusation rejected by irish officials. >> they were on stage having a laugh with us. we came to an agreement. it is a very good agreement, a legitimate agreement. it was a payment to the association. >> why was it a payment?
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richard: the fallout from the u.s. criminal investigation into fifa continues with the emergence of a letter that shows south african officials asked fifa to pay $10 million from an account. mr. blatter has taken to twitter saying he is working on radical reform plans. it is 10 days as the crisis began. with developments that are seemingly inevitable, sepp blatter is working inside fifa's headquarters, trying to salvage his image. richard conway, the vc world's -- bbc news. nick: saddam hussein caution close advisor tariq aziz has died at the age of 79.
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he surrendered to u.s. troops in 2003 and was awaiting execution when he fell ill. a fluent english speaker, he made his name by staunchly defending saddam hussein to the world during the two gulf wars, loyal to his leader to the very end. caroline: his loyalty was never in doubt. tariq aziz was one of saddam hussein hush most trusted lieutenants, a member of the revolutionary command council. he was seen as the clean glove of its bloodstained hands. he traveled the world, the regime polish international fate. silver tongued sophisticated. in 2003 he went to rome to meet the pope as he campaigned to avert the u.s.-led invasion of iraq. he insisted that there were no weapons of mass distraction --
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mass destruction. >> is bad for the region and bad for the world. caroline: of course, it did happen. an invasion that he warned that would be interpreted by many muslims as an attack on their religion. he surrendered certainly after the regime was toppled. he faced a series of trials for complicity in the crimes committed during saddam hussein bosch dictatorship, but already he was a frail and sick man suffering from heart problems. in 2010 he was committed to death. the sentence of pain was never -- sentence of hanging was never carried out. the vatican apply for clemency. he dictated the invasion of places to the dictatorship's use
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of chemical weapons. debt now of a heart attack in jail at the age of 79. nick: here in the u.s., it seems each day brings a new presidential contender. on the republican side, contenders have swelled to double digits. most try to grasp the mantle of ronald reagan, who died 11 years ago today. the 40th president has become an icon for the party. in an age of increasing gridlock in washington, the famous reagan charm could do good. what made him such an effective politician? some answers can be found in a biography by h w brown. you say ronald reagan has been mr. remembered by history. what you mean? h.w.: there's a liberal view of
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reagan, which was aan amiable dunce. there is the conservative view which says reagan is the sum of all goodness and american life since 1980. both of those oversimplify. the liberals don't give enough credit. the conservatives donate knowledge that such a conservatives don't acknowledge that he was less conservative than they thought he should be. nick: you say he should be remembered as a smart politician who was prepared to talk. h.w.: there were two reagans for the oratorical -- two reagans. the oratorio reagan, the rating who is the icon. they can nail their flags to
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that mass. there was a reagan who was elected official. as governor and president, he understood the point of getting elected is to govern. reagan understood that to govern in a democracy is to compromise. reagan said again and again, i would rather get 80% of what i what they go to a cliff with my flags flying. that is the regular made progress incrementally. it was a reagan who could compromise to make a deal. nick: compromises on most a dirty word these days, and yet he continues to be revered. why that paradox? h.w.: because those people who want to see reagan as a conservative icon can quote the speeches. in the speeches, reagan does not optimized. he is always 100% conservative. the reason that the conservatives would be uncomfortable is there was a reagan who was governing governor and then president, who
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understood that if you make progress, it comes incrementally. nick: you also seem to be arguing in the book is that ronald reagan was a great optimist. nowadays, one of the great sentiments in american politics is anger. h.w.: if there is one secret of reagan cost success, it was that he was a conservative. he spoke to the individualistic strain in america. most americans like to think of themselves as individuals. reagan spoke to that but did it in a way where it did not put people off. he came to power when barry goldwater was the face of conservatism. goldwater was stern. he frighten people. it's for people off. reagan was the rare conservative that drew people in. reagan was a conservative optimist. conservatives are almost always pessimists. nick: how would he do today in
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the modern gop? h.w.: there are two answers. if we look at reagan after he had been president, he would not fare well because he would have this track record of compromise. when reagan was a candidate, you did not see that compromise and in his speeches he did not say he would compromise. if reagan was a candidate today as he was in 1979, i think he would get a good chance of getting a nomination. nick: what has taken worldwide is that he was an amiable dons. he had a simplistic worldview. you are charging against that. h.w.: reagan knew what he was doing in foreign affairs. if you focus on a central issue in the cold war, reagan focused on two issues -- shrinking government at home, defeating communism abroad. reagan is for remembered with reference in eastern germany. his challenge to gorbachev. tear down this wall.
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it is clear in that area that he knew what he was doing. he largely ignored or left to others for policy towards other parts of the world. he was at sea in the east because he was so big on the cold war. nick: a fascinating look at a fascinating man. thank you for coming in. h.w.: my pleasure. nick: you have to trace back to before ronald reagan was in office for the final no. tomorrow, another story may donate the sports world. all eyes will be on american pharaoh to see if he can win the triple crown. it is a feat that has not been accomplished for 37 years. a dozen horses have been able to win the kentucky derby and the preakness, but the belmont stakes has been elusive. it was 1978 when a horse last pulled it up. jimmy carter was president
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"grease" i just been released, and gas was around $.70 a gallon. to reach me and most of the bbc team, go to twitter. for all of us here at bbc world news america, thank you for watching and have a fabulous weekend. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, sony pictures classics, now presenting "testament of youth," and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we have believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries,
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because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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- coming up next on odd squad... - i wish you to do something for me: water my plant, robert. - it won't stop growing! we have to move fast before robert corners you. - nobody puts olive in a corner. - my y - odd squad is made possible in part by... - ...a cooperative agreement with the u.s. department of education, the corporation for public broadcasting's ready to learn grant and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. - my name is agent olive. this is my partner agent otto. this is a dream i had last night. but back to otto and me. we work for an organization run by kids that investigates anything strange weird and especially odd. our job is to put things right again.
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- come on come on! - who do we work for? we work for odd squad. - what seems to be the problem, ma'am? - i'm trying to enjoy a nice walk, but... it's easier if i just show you. - (agents): whoa! - it's been following me all morning! argh! - do you have any garbage on you? - just this candy wrapper. - (otto): you know, sometimes you just got to give it what it wants. - try walking now. - oh! thanks, odd squad! - happy to help. (baaing) - otto! obfusco's going on vacation! - is
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that a problem? - it's a big problem! he makes everyone do all his work while he's gone! look busy so he doesn't ask us for a favor. (horse neighing) (western theme playing) - (spooky narrator): obfusco... - fare thee well, odd squad! i'm off to see the world. from the bridges of london to the walls of china. i shall be back...tomorrow. (sighing) - that was a close call! - obfusco... - hello! before i leave, i wish you to do something for me. - oh, but we're busy! very busy. - so busy! - it is a simple task. water my plant... ...robert. - oh! that's it? - we can do that. - here are the instructions. - what? - oh come on! - obfusco... - hate it when he does that. let's get to work. (neighing) - ugh

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