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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 30, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we have believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries, because strong financial partnerships are best
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cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. finance ministers say it is to late for an extension of the greek bailout program. a military plane crashes in into niche of. -- crashes in indonesia. raley seen images of audrey have burn. -- audrey have been -- audrey hepburn. ♪
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laura: welcome to our viewers on public television and around the globe. greece is an economic crisis. the government was supposed to make a repayment to the international monetary fund but there has been tough language on both sides with little resolution. the greek minister produced a last-minute deal that will be discussed by eurozone ministers tomorrow. >> tensions were high in athens with people acutely aware that their future hangs in the balance. the streets were alive with the talk of the new greek proposal to its creditors, and a deal around the corner. these demonstrators gathered near parliament shouting a loud yes to do euro and to the eurozone. it is the passion of these protesters.
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they have been shouting we are staying in europe, yes, yes, yes . the details of the deal are less important. the priority is to make sure that degrees remains inside the eurozone. -- that greece remains inside the eurozone. >> greece belongs to hear. we need it because we are a poor country. >> greece is about to get even more poor with the end of its current bailout deal. the great administer called his cabinet together for an urgent meeting. in public the message was tirelessly upbeat. good there still be a deal before sunday? >> is always sort things out one minute before the day. do you think it is likely that we will find a solution one minute before midnight? there's a good belief that could
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happen. >> a last-minute deal between greece and its creditors is nowhere in sight. earlier, in this less well healed part of town, we found shoppers indifferent to political rumors. people were working out with a could or could not afford to buy. they are desperately trying to sell these cherries that he bought for two euros a kilo this morning and is now selling for one euro 50. most of the customers see fruit is a luxury. a luxury the greek government does not have is time. payments argue, the country risks falling out of the eurozone, and a referendum could be the make or break of the prime minister. laura: for more i spoke to the
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former u.s. ambassador to greece and nato. greece is on the brink of the great unknown. how do you see this playing out? >> it is a diplomatic showdown. both sides are calculating they can intimidate the other. the greek prime minister believes that if he can convince the greek people to vote no to the eu austerity plan, the referendum this weekend, he will have more leverage in negotiations over the european union. the european union is counting on a yes vote 40 alexis tsipras to accept the plan offered by the troika in the european union . the policy is not finished and we will see another round of negotiations whether it is yes or no.
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laura: we know that greece's economic output has shrunk up by 25% under the austerity measures. are they too severe? >> it has been a catastrophic economic impact on greece. play 6% economic downturn and 25% unemployment, 50% use unemployment. the greeks to have an argument to the rest of europe about the wisdom of continued relentless austerity. the government in charge in greece has been inapt in dealing with its creditors. they have alienated the germans, including the german i nantz minister, and they have alienated parts of the american government because of what they have been doing with the russian federation and speaking up against sanctions against russia. when you look around this week they're very few governments in the european union willing to speak up for the current. -- for the greeks.
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there is an argument in europe that needs to be had, but it is not being played out because of the diplomatic mistakes of greece. laura: what could be the impact on the u.s. economy? >> the united states and the american people are worried the way that people around the world are. if greece exits the eurozone, it is the first time that a country with leave because of a massive default. what will the impact to be in europe and to the global economy? no one knows for sure. the european central bank and the european union have thought about this and have prepared. they have enough support to handle any contingency, they believe. i think that is probably the case. it is a degree of uncertainty, and it has rattled markets. laura: do you think there is a
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last-minute fix? what is to stop it from happening again in a few weeks? >> there is no immediate fix to these economic problems in greece. the current government has not put together a program to bring greece out of a recession, and if there is continued austerity there will be economic pain for years to come. you are seeing possible political turbulence. if the greek people voted yes to agree with the bailout package that could mean that new elections in greece, with the current radical government ring turned out of power. they have mishandled the negotiations. laura: thank you for joining us. more than 100 people are feared dead in indonesia after a military plane crashed into a residential area after takeoff. they say there were 130 people on board the aircraft when it came down in northern sumatra.
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they don't think that any survived. >> the sea-130 hercules is barely recognizable, and so is the -- the c-130 hercules's baby recognizable, and so is the neighborhood around it. the plane hit schools and homes trapping people. it is indonesia's third-largest city. curious residents have in flocking to the crash site to see the wreckage. they are showing what remains of the deleterious transport plane and the lives that perished with it. it is unclear how many of the dead recovered were killed in the plane, and how many died on the ground. the number of those who died
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continue to rise, and families are left to wonder what caused the aircraft to fall out of the sky so soon after it took off. another hercules crashed into thousand nine and killed nearly 100 people. many in indonesia are calling for an update of the military hardware. the country's economic woes are making it unlikely to increase the defense budget anytime soon. laura: the tunisian government is trying to -- 88 people were killed during an assault. -- 38 people were killed during an assault. >> a reassuring presence today. the president of tunisia has admitted that security forces were caught off guard by the
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massacre on the shore, despite an attack on torah study museum three months ago. >> we were surprised. the security forces made provisions for ramadan and where to tighten procedures starting tomorrow. we never thought things would happen on the beach. here is the student who carried out a massacre. this is the latest image. it is a snap from his university. the police are building a picture of his movements before the attack. he attended a jihadi attack in libya six months ago. at the same time as the man who stormed the museum. several alleged accomplices have been arrested. these men, said to be friends of the killer are on the wanted
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list. he is a 24-year-old student from northern tunisia. and he, from tunis is 28. he was taking lives tunisians were saving them. >> the people's stood here, here, and here. one woman had two small children. >> he kept 30 people hidden here. though seriously injured in the attack have been flown home, carefully tended i the rms. they were victims of the chaos in libya exploited by the islamic state, but he said it was not a mistake for the britons to have helped out colonel gadhafi.
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>> it has posed a threat, not just to us, but to neighboring countries, which we realized in this attack in tunisia. >> 22 britons are dead. holidaymakers who only wanted summer sun. among them are several couples killed side-by-side. tomorrow, the first of the bodies will begin their final journey home. laura: in other news from around the world, health officials in liberia have reported another case of ebola after the country was declared free of the disease . a 17-year-old boy died from ebola i week ago. the health ministry says his death is being investigated and they are telling liberia not to panic. chris christie has announced he will seek the republican presidential nomination in 2016.
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he joins 13 candidates for the republican nomination. he said the division between congress and the white house has created a dysfunctional government in washington. the iranian president said that tehran would resume its nuclear work if they went back on a proposed deal in vienna. the deadline for the talks has been extended to july 7. what are the major sticking points? i spoke with our chief correspondent in vienna. the negotiations have been extended? does it feel like a deal has been reached? >> it certainly is the case that a deal is it within reach, but as with any negotiation, it is the very last steps that are the hardest. i spoke to someone who has been
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speaking to members of the iranian and western delegations and he says the feeling is that this has to be done. the negotiators are exhausted. they have been here for weeks. they feel that they have exhausted all of the possible diplomacy to reach what is almost a historic agreement over a 12 year standoff over the nuclear program in iran. as we heard from president obama and iranian leaders, they will only accept a good deal. until they reached a good deal, there is no good deal. they are closer than they have ever been. laura: what is the biggest sticking point? is it u.n. inspectors having access to sensitive iranian military sites? >> we should be reminded that this is incredibly detailed document.
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when it is agreed, there is no going back. it is not something that you can say there is a loophole, like we are now finding out from an agreement a few months ago or an agreement from last year where they said we did not go into details and were not rigorous enough. this one is airtight watertight, and bulletproof. it has to go to congress. the july 9 when a new understanding is reached in washington, this deal has to pass with their houses in the united states in order for barack obama to say that it is a done deal. some say that is the real deadline. they may not need seven days, or five days, or three days, but they want to give it enough time so that the deal goes to the respective capitals, every fine
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detail is gone over, then it goes back to the capitals in front of the u.s. senate. laura: thank you. the u.s. and cuba will announce tomorrow their reopening embassies in washington and have anna. -- and havana. it is a step of reviving diplomatic ties. still to come, 15 years later we go to bangladesh to see if the anti-poverty targets are being met. two people have died after oil was used to set a person on fire in japan. >> this is the scene inside the bullet train after a man set himself on fire the passengers
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are struggling to escape. almost overcome by the thick smoke. >> i saw the flames coming up from the front. i was sitting in the second row. behind me there was a mother and child. here they come, now. >> you can see the pain on this man's face as he tries to speak. at the front of the car, there was a man he says. he poured something over himself and set fire to himself. the fire spread. the fast express was brought to a halt in the middle of the countryside, 70 kilometers south of tokyo. it would've been going close to 200 kilometers an hour. passengers were thrown to the ground when the emergency brakes were applied.
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as the emergency services evacuated the injured into ambulances, they confirmed that one female passenger had died, perhaps from oke inhalation. this incident will come as a shock to many. the japanese bullet train is famed for its safety. there has not been a fatality in 50 years of operation, but japan is no stranger to suicide. last year it had the highest rate in the world, and it is the leading cause of death for men between the ages of 20-45. bbc news, tokyo. laura: 15 years ago, the united nations marked the new millennium with pledges aimed at improving the lives of the world's poorest people. the goals were ambitious including poverty reduction, health care, and education.
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this is the deadline for that targets. bangladesh has made big gains. >> in the middle of the capital bangladesh is a shantytown that has sprung up on the corner of a lake. many came here in search of a better life. it is a basic and poor existence. this is a tough place to live, but five years ago conditions were worse. aid money has been used to help the residents and the striking thing is how the local community has been organized to tell outsiders what improvements they need, and how the money should be spent.
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this was one of those decisions. the women said they needed it so they could go to work. the leader showed me a project she has overseen. british aid helped to pay for these, and she says that everyone has benefited. >> this place used to be a rubbish dump. people used the place as a toilet. a lot of our children got ill. then we build toilets. they have made a big difference. >> it is a question of livelihood as well as life. the community leaders helped identify those in need of loans to start small businesses. she has been living here ever said she left her husband 11 years ago. >> used to beat me really badly
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but i tried hard to live with him. after my first child was born, i left for the baby's's sake. he beat me, burned me with a cigarette, and cut off my finger . he even tried to gouge out my eyes. i finally decided to leave. laura: with the help of a small loan she set up her shop. it has gone from strength to strength. >> the loan has changed my life. before i had very little. now i have money, and i can pay for rent and my daughter's education. i even wear nice clothes and have a mobile phone. laura: the children have benefited from the development of the storm but england -- still has tens of millions of people below the poverty line -- but bangladesh still has tens of millions people below the
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poverty line. laura: progress made in bangladesh. a hollywood legend, and a master for the human children's fund, audrey hepburn. her 2 sons have provided rare photographs of their mother for an exhibition in london. >> this is right at the beginning. this one is when my mother was 9 years. just before the war. it goes with this one which is just after. the war was a very defining moment for my mother's life and career. >> what were her memories of the war? >> that it was a big injustice toward the people and even the land. at the same time, it created a
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bond of priorities. surviving the warrior was the greatest gift, and the rest was magic. the timeframe for winter got the oscar? winning the oscar was in many ways, my mother's career was for her job. she never lost her mind with the glamour. the location in congo was my mother's first time in africa. the parallels between that and the later unicef.
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they thought, one day we are going to use audrey hepburn. she will make a nice speech, but she really got into shining away from the camera. she was part of the machine. before the role as a front lady to promote the movie, because they promote everyone's work. >> how would she like to be remembered? >> the biggest compliment you could give to my mother would have banned the word -- would have been the word kind. and she was very kind. laura: a revealing look at audrey hepburn actress humanitarian, and style icon. you can find more on our website
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. you can get a digest of the daily developments straight to your inbox. from all of us at world news america, thank you for watching and tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries, that is the strength behind good banking relationships, too. which is why at mufg, we believe
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financial partnerships should endure the test of time, because with time comes change -- what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: boosting overtime, new rules could increase pay for up to five million u.s. workers. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. gwen ifill is away. also ahead this tuesday: unable to pay its debts, greece edges towards financial ruin. >> i'm terrified, i'm actually terrified. we are a european country and its heading towards the fourth world. >> woodruff: plus... >> ♪ today, today, today >> woodruff: james taylor reflects on a life of music as he "courts the muse" to write and perform new songs. >> life at this point, for me


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