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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 15, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries, that is the strength behind good banking relationships, too. which is why at mufg, we believe financial partnerships should endure the test of time, because
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with time comes change -- what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. a protest in athens as greece struggles with new reforms. president obama held to the agreement reached with iran as a historical opportunity. the pictures from pluto we have been waiting for. imagine seeing the planet in a new light. ♪
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laura: welcome to our viewers on public television and america and also from around the globe. in athens riot police have used tear gas after anti-austerity protesters had petrol bombs. there's a huge bailout deal that was a great with eurozone leaders earlier this week. >> this had been billed as judgment day for greece. the day the prime minister try to squeeze tough reforms through parliament, and approve to tough creditors of brought that he was in control of the situation at home, but that is not how it turned out. the riots are getting increasingly violent. you can see there are firebombs. the peaceful protesters had disappeared from these streets.
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they wanted a better future for their country, this is not what they had in mind. the violence began with small groups of masked troublemakers. until then the thousands of protesters had been angry, but peaceful. >> no education, no help, no anything. we don't want the euro. we don't want to be in the prison of the eurozone. >> some countries are being singled out for the harshest punishment. >> i don't want it to go on like this. i am 25 years old. i and my brothers are supposed to have a future. >> the atmosphere inside parliament was also stormy. many are furious with the prime minister for agreeing with a bailout deal which in their opinion, humiliates their
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country. there are tax increases reforms, and changes to the labor market. greece is hoping for a short-term cash injection on monday to avoid bankruptcy. when these measures are in place the eurozone will talk about and $86 billion euro bailout. the deputy's has resigned in disgust. >> why did you step down? >> in greece and europe, it shows that it is not only us but europe that is exiting. >> they washed horrifying scenes of rage and distress in greece. for years people have warned that under the weight of suffocating debt and spreading poverty, their society is falling apart. other partners in europe listen?
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-- well their partners in europe listen? laura: we saw thatt. who is it directed at? >> first of all, it is important to underline the fact that the violence tonight was set off by very small group of troublemakers. there was the violence directed at? i can tell you who the anger was good at. before that broke out, the square was filled with thousands of peaceful, but angry protesters. they were angry at the prime minister, whom they say sold out the country to international creditors. six months ago that the same prime minister promised to restore national pride to greece, a country that was on their knees after five years of austerity. now their new bailout deal promises many years of harsher
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conditions ahead. the great people are angry and upset. those have been peacefully protesting, whom we saw a running away from the square, say this is an ominous sight of what could come to greece as conditions work in on -- as conditions worsen on the ground. it is thought that it will pass. the prime minister can rely on opposition parties. he will be weekend tonight if large numbers in his own party vote against him, and say they cannot sign up radio that is humiliating for their country. laura: thank you. now time for more on the financial issues plaguing greece. i spoke with economic editor at "the wall street journal." we are seeing the rage on the streets. they voted against the steel in a referendum, now it is being imposed anyway. >> it is a worse deal than
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before the referendum. that is why this is a remarkable turn in a remarkable series of events. the activity on the streets is showing how much anger and angst there is about the condition they are in with the capital controls, the shutdown of the banks, and what is to come. this is only the beginning of what they will have to deal with. the parliament has just opened negotiation for the larger bailout, which will be more difficult and expose more trouble they will be in. laura: we have the international monetary fund saying that the greek debt is to think to pay and should be written off. the european officials are ignoring it. why? >> the imf has raised the volume on its calls for debt relief. the imf has been pushing for this for three years, saying that the greek country will need
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really from the debt. they have opened the door to some other kind of debt restructuring to allow the debt to sit around for decades without interest being paid. they realize, and from the imf perspective, the situation is unsustainable and greece. something has to be done. you have to say that the extend and pretend approach has to be over. politics in europe are not supporting it, and that is a difficult situation. laura: is it the germans that are against writing off the greek debt? >> the germans, northern europeans, and smaller countries who are fearing with their own political situation would be like if they ended up subsidizing the country and taking a hit on their own contributions to the bailout fund. all of this is leading to bigger concerns. what if the protests and movement spread to other parts of europe.
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if a hard line is not kept on greece, according to many of these countries the next one, the , and the next one will all be doing the same thing. laura: today, president obama touted the iran nuclear deal and called it a historic opportunity to prevent iran from developing nuclear weapons. lawmakers on capitol hill have the ability to debate the implementation. the president gave a white house news conference after the deal was announced by the world powers meeting in vienna. president obama: no one suggests that this deal resolves all of the threats iran poses to its neighbors or the world. realizing the promise of this deal will require many years of implementation and hard work. it will require vigilance and execution. this deal is our best means of
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ensuring that iran does not get a nuclear weapon. from the start, that has been my number one priority, our number one priority. we have a historic chance to pursue a safer and more secure world. an opportunity that might not come again in our lifetimes. as president and commander-in-chief i am determined to seize that opportunity. laura: or more on the doi spoke with the state department spokesperson john kirby. john kirby, the president has a tough sell. republicans are not convinced that this deal stops iran from getting a nuclear deal. what is your best argument for persuading them? john:the best argument is in the deal. it makes it clear, even on page one, that iran has committed to never pursuing, obtaining, or acquiring a nuclear weapon.
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that was the bottom line going in. we believe that this deal secures of that goal. there are permanent aspects that will prevent iran from ever achieving a nuclear weapon. the second thing, that is important for everyone, critics alike to understand is that an iran without a nuclear weapon is inherently better for security and stability in the middle east than one with a nuclear weapon. yes we have issues with iran on d stapling -- on destabilizing activities, and we will address them, but it will be easier if iran does not have or is not pursuing a nuclear weapon. laura: if the president is forced to use a veto, doesn't that challenge the legitimacy of the agreement? john: no. but it makes it impossible to put the deal in place. the sanctions will be in difficult -- will be difficult
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to achieve on iranian activities. in iran, no deal means iran is able to race toward a nuclear weapon, which they were far closer to at the beginning than they are at the end. there was no check on their ambitions and ability to continue their pursuit. no verification. that is not a good outcome for anyone. laura: there is concern on capitol hill it could take 24 days for the inspectors to get access to suspicious nuclear sites. isn't that too long if iran is trying to hide something? john: no. first of all, the 24 days is a maximum. that is not a minimum it is a maximum. experts say that within 24 days, if iran could cheat and did decide to cheat, that is more than enough time to be able to
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determine any residue or evidence that they were cheating. we are not concerned about the 24 days at all. the iaea will have all the access it needs where and when. a complete look at the supply chain, as well. if iran was cheating or interested in getting away with something, they would have to have a covert supply chain to do it, and that is incredibly difficult. because we will have such good access and monitoring ability it is not very likely. laura: thank you for joining me. mexican authorities have released cctv pictures showing the most wanted drug lord in his prison cell moments before escaping. the footage shows joachim -- joaquin guzman pacing before disappearing in a
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tunnel in the shower. there is a massive manhunt. a german court sentenced oskar groening to four years in prison. he is 94. he was the bookkeeper of auschwitz. in court a former prisoner embraced the former ss guard to free herself and for gave him. >> she was a survivor of auschwitz, and the experiments of joseph mango laid. >> tract number one and track number two. it was calledelection platform. she has built a small holocaust museum and her adopted home in medical america.
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she gave evidence in oskar groening's trial. >> if they want to use him as an example, fine. i asked him to be sentenced to community service, which he could do lecturing to young people who need to know about what happened. a former not to guard from auschwitz could give them a lot of information. they would be a lot more impressed by him and then by me a survivor of auschwitz. >> that is exactly what she told oskar grounding in this courtroom video. despite so much pain eva decided to forgive those who murdered so many and tortured her and her sister to the point of death.
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eva: i don't carry anger or hatred toward anyone. this is not because they deserve it. it is what i deserve. when i do not have any animosity or anger towards them, you open yourself up to a lot of other human emotions. i know that people are very quick to anger. i do not understand why nobody cares to endorse my gesture of kindness toward an old man, or his gesture of loving toward me. why are we so willing to accept animosity and revenge? here are the labs. as i said, we were used in experiments six days a week, and then three days of observation.
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>> there are few left to tell the stories. eva worries that mankind has been too quick to the member their solemn guile. that which she and her sister suffered should never happen again. bbc news, indiana. laura: such forgiveness. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, focusing on pluto. the dwarf planet gets big exposure. the planets pictures for all to see. the exiled yemeni president has taken control of an airport. it had been held by rebels who had forced the president to leave the country. 20 million people in yemen need humanitarian aid. >> there can be no doubt, that
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the suppose it cease-fire in yemen failed before it began. on monday, fighters loyal to the exiled president launched an assault in the port city of aden on the houthi rebels. the following day, in a southern advance, they took control of the aden international airport. >> the airport is now totally under the control of the southern resistance. this victory is a gift to the martyrs and when did that gave their lives in these battles. we hope for victory, and victory is near. >> airstrikes, led by saudi arabia, continued to pound the capital. rebels took control of the capital in september. in february, the president fled to aid in, then fled the country altogether in march.
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iran is accused of supporting the houthi rebels, who are trying to overthrow the president. it is an accusation iran denies. the cease-fire is making it hard to get humanitarian aid food, and supplies through in a conflict that has already killed 3000 people. laura: 6 british tourists arrested in northern china are being deported. they were detained in inner mongolia. a foreign ministry spokesman said the group was suspected of committing crimes. five others remain in custody. ♪ laura: scientists have been celebrating the arrival of details and images of pluto sent back by the new horizons spacecraft. from mission control in maryland, david shukman reports.
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david: a mesmerizing view of pluto reveals extraordinary details of mountains made of ice . the image reached earth this morning, and no one can explain it. a new view of pluto's largest moon. an unprecedented site of an alien world with dramatic scenery, including an unexpected canyon. >> it is four to six miles deep. i find that fascinating. it is a small world with deep canyons, troughs, clips, dark regions that are still slightly mysterious to us. david: this all began in january 2006 with the fastest launch. a new horizons space craft. after flying for nine point five
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years, the spacecraft arrived 72 seconds early. the approach transformed our view of pluto. the images reached the peak 24 hours ago with the closest encounter. this is a model of the spacecraft. it has instruments to measure everything from the atmosphere structure, and surface of pluto. it has cameras inside. the antenna games everything back. because the spacecraft is so far away, the data will take 16 months in all. a key step came in mission control confirmed the spacecraft survived the fly past. the scientists leading the mission were overjoyed. her years the lead scientist plan to explore pluto, now it has happened.
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>> it is exciting. when we started saying that we were going to go to pluto, it was a tiny dot. now it is a real world with geology and 5 moons, which are also their own world. david: because pluto is part of the outer zone of the solar system, this is the first mission to a totally unexplored realm of space. the vast canyon on the moon carron, the highest mountains on the surface of pluto, this is only the beginning of our exploration into the furthest reaches of our solar system. laura: for more on the close-up of pluto i spoke with a former astronaut. he joined us from ontario canada. chris, when you saw these images, what was most striking
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to you as an astronaut? chris: to be an astronaut here need to be optimistic and curious. with every image that we have pluto, it opens a new realm of curiosity. what we are seeing is the planetary genome. we are seeing something we have never seen before. it is on the edges of our understanding of how planets form. look at the surface. and the moon charon is not what we expected. it is hugely instructional. laura: what do think of the giant mountains. they are like the rockies people are saying. chris: we think they could be formed by methane and nitrogen ice. neither of those can make a mountain that tall. maybe it is water ice. then you can think of a huge reserve of water ice billions of
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miles away from earth, how that could have formed, and why are there no greater scars? all of these things have happened really recently in geological terms, how can that be? it is like finding a new species of planet, which is just like finding a new species on earth. it teaches us about history and the current status of things. laura: more images are coming in. what will you be looking for in knows? chris: all of it is a little self-centered. we are interested in what it means for us. what can we learn from something so distant about our own planet. i think the earliest or nation where did this little planetoid come from? it is a building block that built the earth? what is the environment like? what is the standard lifecycle of a planet?
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the more data we get from discovering our genealogy of our planetary tree, the more we can understand the future, and therefore -- the more we can understand the history, and therefore the future of our own earth. laura: there is ice on pluto so there was water. could there have been life? chris: it is so intensely cold it cannot be life likely know it, unless there are tectonic forces like volcanoes. we know anywhere on earth, anywhere there is heat and water, such as in the bottom of the oceans, i would not rule it out. it is a cold place, so i would not count on it, but it has been nothing but surprise so far. laura: bringing today's broadcast to a close. you can find more on that story and the rest of today's news on our website.
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to reach me and the rest of the team, go to twitter. thank you for watching and tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> it is a global truth. we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and support almost every institute across the globe, because
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success takes partnership, and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: the president defends a nuclear deal with iran bracing for a tough fight in congress over the landmark pact. good evening. i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. also ahead this wednesday: the new horizons space probe phones home-- photos reveal pluto's icy face. >> ifill: plus: >> the reason i'm running, this country is in crisis. >> ifill: he's running: republican senator ted cruz on politics inside washington, tackling immigration and his bid for the presidency. >> a republican, democrat, independent libertarian, i'll


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