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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 24, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable.
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i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, "bbc world news america." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. attribute to the victims of the brussels attacks. the search intensifies for those still on the run. >> guilty of the following counts. don' count 2, genocide. laura: a court in the hague gives radovan karadzic a 40-year jail term for his role in the bosnian civil war. for those who lost loved ones, it is hardly enough. >> he has been rewarded and i'm left all alone without anyone in this world.
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i'm speechless. laura: and a bbc exclusive takes the chilling tactics used by boko haram in nigeria, where young girls are used as suicide bomber's. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. attacks inr the brussels, police are still piecing together the evidence. there are reports there may be 2 suspects on the run, and belgian intelligence agencies are coming under criticism. meanwhile, the trivets into new for the 31 people -- tributes continue for the 31 people killed in the attacks. terror with silence. belgium's king led a national mourning today. even as he did, the prime
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minister was being offered resignations from the ministry of interior and justice. he refused them and promised a full investigation. >> we cannot have impunity. the government will do absolutely everything it can to shed light on the attacks and on everything that contributed to them. reporter: belgium's leaders now face to intelligence -- guarding a nation that is still in -- challenges, guiding a nation that is still in mourning while conducting an ongoing investigation. more have been done to stop the men who did this before they carried out their deadly attacks? at least one of the men had been linked since december 2 the paris attacks and had had europe-wide arrest warrant's issued for him but was still at large. and there is more. the first piece of new information concerns the metro attack carried out .
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police are reported to be looking for a second unidentified man carrying a large man seen talking to him just before the blast. there are more details about the airport attackers, too. the mr. men in the hat who ran away still being hunted. leftuicide bomber on the is thought to have made paris bonds, too. the other suicide attacker here is a convicted armed robber. this was the aftermath five years ago of the raid in which he shot a police officer in the leg. he served his time but broke his parole conditions to travel to turkey. last june, turkey arrested him on the syrian border. belgium was informed by didn't ask for his return, a chance to jail him again missed. i feel under the circumstances it was right to take a little responsibility. i offered my resignation. the prime minister told me at
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current situation in war you cannot leave the field. reporter: the one man who could answer many questions, saleh abdelsalam, now won't cooperate with belgian police, says his lawyer. he wants to go to france. belgians are left grasping for answers. did the government fail them or did it miss chances to prevent the atrocities? what about the men still on the loose? could they strike again? laura: for more on the investigation and security concerns i spoke a brief time ago with janet napolitano, who served as he secretary of homeland security until 2013. she is president of the universe to california and joins us from san francisco. janet napolitano, given the links between the paris attacks and the belgian bombers, what needs to change in the way
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european intelligence agencies share information that they have? is napolitano: i think there a clear consensus that there needs to be more sharing of information, more effective sharing of information, and it is not just sharing data, it is sharing analysis, because clearly there are networks that have developed across national borders but that are still contained within the eu. laura: we are hearing from the news agency reuters that the brothers and brussels attacks on u.s. counterterrorism watch lists. if the u.s. had that information, would you share it with the french and the belgians? ms. napolitano: we do share watch lists, and the other thing about being on the watch list is that it would have prevented them from boarding a plane to the united states. that was an improvement made after the so-called underwear bomber in 2009. laura: but it is interesting, isn't it, that the turks warned the belgians about one of the bombers, that the belgians said he was a criminal, not a
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militant. does that surprise you? ms. napolitano: no, it is not really surprising, but i think we have to appreciate the enormity of the problem we are confronting, where these cells and the number of militants are growing. overseasdirected from in terms of their activities. some are self radicalized. and these can be very difficult things to prevent. so in belgium, i think what we need to do is to go backwards and track exactly what was known , when, by whom. what was shared, if anything. how it was shared. what was the follow-up to it and what needs to happen moving forward. i think also a growing consensus that belgium, france, there are particular countries where this problem has emanated in very disastrous circumstances. have: should the europeans
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a shared record of air travelers from which they don't have a the moment? ms. napolitano: right, well, i was involved in negotiations with the eu from my time as secretary because we wanted to ensure that we shared advanced passenger information before travelers boarded planes to come to the united states. it was an extreme he difficult negotiation. in europe there was a very, very strong privacy interest, and those interests are clearly reflected in the policies of the eu. laura: that may change. the current homeland security secretary in the u.s. said in a statement after the brussels he iss about how concerned about the lone wolves who may not have a direct link to a foreign terrorist group. how can you track those people? oh, it istano: extremely difficult. the killings in san bernardino are examples of that, where you have individuals no one suspected. they weren't on anyone's list. the activities were very limited
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and no one knew about them -- even neighbors didn't know about them. those are virtually impossible to stop. laura: janet napolitano, thank you very much for joining us. 250 people were injured in tuesday's attacks and 61 of those are critically ill. authorities are still try to identify those in hospitals. for families, the wait is excruciating. the bbc's lucy williamson as been speaking to one of them caught up in the metro attack. among the first to view the story of survival, the belgian king. the policy advisor stepped up to the metro and the blast from the suicide bomb. and some in brussels, he tells me that those feet seconds of chaos left him with concussion, vertigo, and memory loss. >> i was traveling with offense i remember shaking is hampered
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by across the train -- shaking his hand goodbye across the train and that is the last thing i remember. me crouchingage of on some stairs. lucy: whilst he was being treated on the ground outside, rumors of a new threat was spreading among commuters. >> there was someone helping me saying "get up, get up, they are telling us to run." i since he ran in the other direction. lucy: other stories ended the family. dozens were killed or critically -- and it differently. dozens were killed were critically injured. his initials injuries -- >> i will never falling down and i hear the second explosion and now i'm thinking about it over and over, it is what saved me. military hospital
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here, soldiers director victims and their families to specialist care. roger came here for a consultation on the shrapnel wound in his arm. he was at the airport with his sister when the exposure happened. both of them survived. >> the bomb exploded. bomb!"er cried "it's a and i said "run, run." "i can't, i'm out of breath." it is a place with experience with battlefield injuries and serious burns pretty a center for the relatives has been set up here. many are frustrated with how difficult it is to get concrete information about the wounded. several patients in intensive care have yet to be identified. today the family and friends of one missing man demanded access
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to them. towe are told they are hard recognize, they are bandaged, but we are confident that a parent, mother and father, can identify their son or daughter alive on the hospital bed. lucy: thr days on, many here are still waiting for their loved ones stories, unsure if the tales of survival were of death. in, abc news, brussels -- lucy williamson, bbc news, brussels. laura: so much trauma for the victims and their families who wait anxiously for news. an israeli soldier has been detained after being captured on video apparently shooting a palestinian in the head as he lays motionless on the ground. whoas one of two attackers stabbed a soldier in had run. theisraeli army says shooting was a grave breach of its value spread the u.s. has charged iranians for what it says was a coordinated campaign of cyberattacks on dozens of american banks in 2011 to 2013.
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the u.s. attorney general, loretta lynch, says the suspect were experienced hackers working on behalf of the iranian government. the ident meant -- the indictments of four to six financial institutions were affected. a publisher's disappearance led to an international outcry has returned to the territory could he was a british citizen vanished in december. he sold books critical of china's leadership and was widely believed to have been abducted. he appeared on chinese television denying he had been kidnapped. are underbooksellers criminal investigation in the mainland. it has taken 20 years, but today, radovan karadzic has been found guilty of genocide and other war crimes for his role in the bosnian civil war. karadzic was leader of the bosnian serbs. the verdict had the international tribunal in the hague found him responsible for the srebenica massacre in which some 8000 muslim men and boys
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were rounded up and killed. our special correspondent covered the war and now reports on his trial. it is the most symbolically charged international war crimes verdict in europe since the nuremberg trials after the second world war. presentedradzic himself throughout his trial as a man constantly striving for peace. but the evidence was overwhelming. in sarajevo, the judge said, his deliveryalled the srk, sniped at and bombarded civilians. thousands died. knew about it and for international criminal responsibility for it. >> the chamber is convinced that the srk conducted a campaign of sniping and shelling of sarajevo with the intention to, among other things, terrorize the civilian population living there. elsewhere, hundreds of
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thousands of non-serbs were forcibly expelled from their homes in a campaign to carve out an ethnically pure serb state. thousands were held in camps in deplorable conditions. there were mass murders, beatings, rapes. it was organized and systematic extermination, a crime against humanity, the judges said. in july 1995, the forces murdered a thousand bosnian muslims in srebrenica, an attempt at ethnic in limitation, the judge said. karadzic agreed to the killings, and for this he was guilty of genocide. >> the accused shared the intent that every able-bodied osmium muslim male from -- bosnian muslim male from srebrenica be killed, which the chamber finds amounts to the intent to destroy bosnian muslims in srebrenica as such your it -- as such. reporter: among the many victims were the father, mother, and a man whoother of
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survived because he worked as a translator for dutch u.n. peacekeepers. he was in court to hear the verdict. >> the genocide rulings for the prevention of any future genocide in the region, or the world. the best way to prevent future genocide, to do international justice and have this kind of ruling. reporter: for the paris become who lived their lives in the shadow of the crime, karadzic's -- for the bereaved, who lived their lives in the shadow of the crime, karadzic's sentenced to death in commensurate with the last. >> he has been awarded. i left all alone in this world. i'm speechless. could youadzic, please stand? reporter: 21 years after he was first indicted, radovan karadzic finally rose to face justice for the most egregious of crimes. >> guilty of the following counts.
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count 2, genocide. count 3, persecution, crime against humanity. extermination, a crime against humanity. count 5, murder, a crime against humanity. reporter: a quarter-century ago he seemed beyond accountability, acting with absolute impunity. tonight he knows he is likely to spend the rest of his life in prison. alan little, bbc news at the hague. laura: 21 years on, justice for the victims in bosnia. you are watching "bbc world news america." still the come, and inside look at boko haram's tactics. we have an exclusive report on one young girl chosen to become a suicide bomber. for the past year, new zealanders have been hotly debating whether to keep their national flag featuring the british union jack or scrapped it for a new design.
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proposals were made and millions were sent and in the end, the voters have spoken and they are sticking with the original look. john donnison has this report. john: after a year-long campaign and a process that has cost millions, new zealanders appear to have opted to stick with the status quo. 56% of people voted for the existing flag, and just 43 for the new design, based around a silver for. -- silver fern. change, including prime minister john t, argued that the current flag with the union jack in the corner was a throwback to a colonial era and not appropriate for a long-independent nation. >> we are naturally a little bit disappointed that the flag didn't change tonight there is a huge amount that new zealanders can be proud of. for starters, we had a record turnout in the number of people who posted ballots back and returned to them, 2.2 million new zealanders. john: 70% of new zealanders
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still have british roots, with many feeling the current flag reflects those strong alterable and historical ties. -- cultural and historical ties. were left of change drowning their sorrows. but many kiwis appear to have not warmed to the new design. after a year-long campaign and a process that has cost tens of millions of dollars, the end result, no change. new zealanders have opted for the status quo. most here believe that flag issues will be put to bed for the foreseeable future, and will only come up again if this country ops to ditch the monarchy and become a republic. john donnison, bbc news in auckland. laura: tonight we have a special report on one of the more
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disturbing tactics used by the nigerian militant group boko from. -- boko haram. girls as young as 12 are being strapped with explosives and sent to blow them up in busy areas. the bbc spoke to one teenager who was to elect to escape after she was chosen -- risked her life to escape after she was chosen for the mission. her name and voice have been changed to protect her identity. reporter: it is not her real name and she doesn't know her age. she is probably around 17. about a year ago, she married into boko haram and moved into one of their camps with her fighter husband. today she is not meant to be alive. she is supposed to be a human bomb, instructed to explode in a refugee camp in the home of the insurgency. two of her friends did just that, killing themselves and 58 others, mostly women and children. just 24 hours before she was due to detonate, she escaped the
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clutches of the militants and she decided to tell us her story. she is still traumatized by what happened to it for her well-being we asked her to talk to a journalist from her own region. my first husband took me to mp. boko haram ca he said they would remove all the evil spirits from my body. i followed them willingly. i said if you help me with the sickness i will follow you. it wasn't a pleasant life. they would tell us about their attacks and they would ask us to say what they were teaching a spirit that is how they got indoctrinated. they said if we died we would enter paradise. once a woman went somewhere, about 10 of them. they gathered all the women together and killed her in front
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of us as a warning. they shot her. they wanted me to marry again after my husband left, and i said no, i won't. that is when he told me i should take the ball. -- took the bomb. >> does that mean the women who are no log useful to them become suicide bombers? >> yes. when they are tired of you, they tell you to go on a suicide mission. i said no. my mom was residing there so i wouldn't go there and kill people. i would rather go and live with my family, even if i die there. so i sneaked out very early in the morning without their knowledge. learnedowing morning i there had been bomb blasts. i saw a video of one of the girls. it wasn't pleasant to see. it isn't a good thing to carry a
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bomb to kill fellow human beings. reporter: this is a spot where the attack happened. the bloodstains on the road are a constant reminder to residents of what happened during the attack. many of them have survivors or lost of their loved ones. we are told there was a huge crowd there from one side of the cap to the other. -- the army tells me that queuing in the camp is now banned. residents quietly wait for their turn. much cooking is also for "-- massive cooking is also for bid and. meals are cooked in a small community. they cannot trust anyone, not even children. she was injured when shrapnel hit her stomach and hands. she says she still cannot sleep after what she saw. we brought our containers to
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get water. at the same time, a soldier was trying to arrange our queuses. there was this woman who had long hair and said the soldier is trying to disperse us. when i heard that, i turned back to look at her. s soon as i look, she pretended that her stomach was hurting her, so people rushed to help her. that is when the bomb detonated. fire.a ball of i was frightened when i saw blood all around me and the dead bodies. still terrified. for her at least, the ordeal is over. she's planning her future outside of boko haram. >> if i will marry again, i won't have anything to do with the militants. i will marry if i get a willing
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suitor. i want to go to school. een i went to school, i would known every thing i wanted to know. bbc news, nigeria. laura: how boko haram indoctrinate and terrifies young girls. on a final note, today president obama continues his trip to argentina. among the weighty issues on the agenda, there was time for a bit of culture. when in argentina, that of course means the tango. ♪ laura: and you can see the president was put through his paces at the state dinner in buenos aires. declining previous offers, he finally made it to the dance floor, where his wife, michelle, took her turn with a partner as well. first couple showing off their moves. that brings today's broadcast to a close.
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you can find much more on all today's news on our website, and to reach me and most of the bbc team, go to twitter. i would love to hear from you. from all of us here at "world news america," thank you for watching and please do tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll.
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it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable. i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. gwen ifill is away. on the newshour tonight, the latest from brussels, as the manhunt expands to a new suspect, and europe's emergency meeting to thwart future attacks. then, a day of reckoning for radovan karadzic, the bosnian serb leader convicted of genocide for orchestrating atrocities during the war. and, making sense of our economic anxiety. a conservative economist's take on what's fueling the anger on display this election. >> trumpism is the expression by the white working class of a lot of legitimate grievances it has with the ruling class. >> woodruff: all that and more

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