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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 21, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news america." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. a powerful 6.9 magnitude earthquake hits japan off the coast of fukushima. the area is under tsunami warning. the front lines in the fight for mosul. iraqi forces are trying to defeat so-called islamic state. but civilians are caught in the crossfire. reporter: islamic state are 200 meters in that direction. look over here. you can see children running and children playing. this war is having on people's doorsteps. has w and when he harlow
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harlow has made a name for herself in the world of fashion. she reveals the source of her inner confidence. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. a powerful earthquake has struck off the east coast of japan. it had a magnitude of 6.9, its epicenter was located 70 kilometers from the fukushima prefecture. fukushima is home to the nuclear power plant that was destroyed by a giant earthquake in 2011. a tsunami warning has been issued. rupert hayes is with us now. what did you feel when the earthquake struck? rupert: we are quite a ways from the epicenter but it was still very much felt.
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the building i live in suede quite alot -- swayed lot. it was differently enough to wake me up and it was very clear as soon as i woke up that this was quite a large earthquake. obviously, then the objective is to find how close it was to tokyo. fukushima, very close to the epicenter of the earthquake that struck back in 2011 and caused devastation to the northeast coast of japan. , is thispert earthquake of similar magnitude to the one in 2011 that caused all the devastation you are talking about there? rupert: no, it is much, much smaller. 6.9. here in japan they were calling it seven-point favorit it seems to be just calling it seven-point --here in japan they were calling at 7.3. it seems to be smaller than that.
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this is a strong earthquake that much, much smaller than the one that caused such devastation. that is why the damage has been very limited. there has been a tsunami warning, as you said. guessing small ways -- we are seeing small ways offshore. about half an hour ago local here in japan. so far no large tsunamis have appeared. laura: rupert wingfield-hayes in tokyo, thank you. suicide bombers and sniper fire, the rhythm of daily life for civilians trapped in mosul. the militants are putting up a fierce fight. quentin sommerville is there with iraqi counterterrorism forces. a warning, the report contains some distressing images. cityin: in a battle for a
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this big, progress isn't always easy to map. after five weeks of fighting, much of mosul still has to be retaken. below, in miniature, the war plays out. in mosul streets, life or death is decided in the blink of an eye. just meters away, the so-called islamic state. in no man's land, a dead body. iraqi special forces say he was an i.s. fighter, one of a dozen they have shot dead this week. >> yes, many civilians have been attacked by islamic state snipers, but they also use them as human shields. it is very difficult for us. they sometimes come forward carrying babies. using them as cover. quentin: nearby, a car bomb detonates.
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the only safe way pass this line is through walls, homes, and backyards. right at the very edge here. islamic state are 200 meters in that direction. look over here. you can see children running, children playing. people are living 20 meters away. yesterday there was a car bomb. no military were injured, just civilians. this war is happening on people's doorsteps. at house after house, white flags are raised. where else could these children and their families go? an exodus would cause a humanitarian disaster for iraq. >> even the people who were influenced, now they are not because they endured two years of suffering, two years of
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killing. quentin: so despite the war, the government has asked people to stay. but still, suspicion runs high here. five days of fighting mean this man and his family haven't left their house. but his wife is about to give birth. >> i lost a baby in these circumstances. i lost the baby because the doctors were not available. i don't know how i am coping. but i pray it will get better. quentin: for this three-year-old, it will be her first time leaving mosul.
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the government wants people to remain here, but it and its services are mostly absent. today it is an armored humvee that serves as an ambulance. a father watches in disbelief. his son has just been shot in the chest. an i.s. sniper's bullet, say his brothers. they left their house only a few minutes ago. nothing can be done. the appalling truth is that his death is one of hundreds here every week. this is the horror of this situation. they can't even take the boy's body down the street. they are worried that the sniper is still down there. you can hear the gunfire all around. you can hear the heartbroken
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family inside. a million people are still trapped in this city, and fighting is going on all around them. and this is the moment his brothers realized he is gone. and while people remain, much more will have to be endured. the fight for mosul has only just begun. quentin sommerville, bbc news, mosul. laura: the horrors of life inside mosul. as we have seen, so-called islamic state seems to have no shortage of weapons to fight inside mosul. much of the ammunition uses comes from western supplies, iverted into the hands of i.s.
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our security correspondent has this special report. a stack of mourners live ready to fire. this was a position used by so-called islamic state in a family garden in mosul. james and his team from the group conflict armament research carefully document the weapons, now made safe, to establish their origin. bombs.millimeter mortar few hundred yards away is a factory where steel was melted to make mortar cases. >> i would say this is the biggest one. gordon: these mortars were made locally by i.s., but for investigators, the real prizes evidence of material shipped into the country. >> machine, detonating fuses. gordon: at a church in a nearby
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christian town, there is evidence of i.s. making explosives. on the floor are raw materials and a set of instructions for how to mix them, which we have obscured. but not everything is homegrown. around the pews, a batch of industrial chemicals only sold on the domestic turkish market that the group has been tracing. we enter a house recently occupied by i.s. fighters. in the front room are suicide vests. so these are antipersonnel rockets. and in the back room, the team find what they are really after boxes that once stored in addition with markings they can trace -- stored ammunition with markings they can trace. the arms trade is a murky world, but this group has been able to trace where i.s. gets much of
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its munitions from, and the answers are surprising. the team has carried out painstaking research cataloging serial numbers and tracing the roots. they found crates of ammunition and rockets manufactured in factories in eastern europe. these were bought by the governments of the u.s. and saudi arabia. they were supposed to be shipped through turkey to rebel groups the u.s. and saudi arabia support in syria. instead, sometimes as quick as two months from the manufacture, these fell into the hands of i.s. and are now being used to kill u.s.-backed iraqi forces. so how did that happen? >> once you weapons and animation from the control of a national government and supply weapons to nonstate actors, particularly in a conflict like syria, where there are so many with crossedinked allegiances, it becomes very, very difficult to maintain control of those weapons. gordon: is there anything you
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can do to stop them? >> you can stop supplying those groups with weapons is the sinless explanation. -- simple as expedition. -- simplest explanation. gordon: so-called islamic state has had no problem arming itself, and in the chaos of the region, that may have been thanks to weapons supplied by those trying to defeat it. gordon corera, bbc news, on the outskirts of mosul. laura: how i.s. gets its weapons. turning to u.s. politics, the president-elect had another packed schedule today, as many visitors came through the doors of trump tower. a democratic congresswoman, news executives, and potential members of his new administration were going up the elevator. i spoke of their time ago with -- i spoke a brief time ago with william daley, who served as chief of staff for barack obama's administration from 2011 to 2012. donald trump is meeting this vast array of people, but tell us what goes into it as
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president-elect with these top advisers when you are trying to balance a cabinet. mr. daley: you've got 2 things. who are the real candidates for these jobs? who are you bringing in to send a message that you are inclusive or doing a favor for people who have been helpful to you and you want to highlight them and give them some attention? there is a couple of different reasons for the show you see in the lobby of trump tower right now. laura: we can see so far the only appointments he has made have been loyalists. but he is meeting a real broad tent. mitt romney, for example, one of his fiercest critics. a democrat today. do you think there is something genuine about wanting to build a broad tent? mr. daley: i think we will find out. we will find out two ways -- one, if any of these people get spots, and second of all, when the policies are developed, is there something different about the policies as a result of the more inclusive administration
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than the campaign showed and argued for? it gets down to not just the people but the policies that they then have input in developing with the president. laura: we will see those policies when the new cabinet is there in the white house. but have you ever seen a transition quite like this where it is happening under the glare of the camera? mr. daley: no, and it kind of reflects president-elect trump's style. we never saw campaign like his. it is unprecedented, the things he did and the things he survived, and right now he is doing it in an unconventional way. usually transitions are run very quietly and you try to keep some secrecy about it. president-elect trump seems to be the exact opposite, even tweeting about a tv show on saturday evening, or the "hamilton" play that vice president-elect pence went to. laura: do you think this style can be kept up when he goes into
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government? mr. daley: i hope not, but i would expect it to be. it is his way of communicating , it's his way he lives come he's been doing this for a long time, and it worked in the campaign. i think he believes it will keep people interested and involved in his administration. i think it is highly risky. laura: democrats are licking their wounds. they may have won the popular vote by 1.7 million but hillary clinton lost big in the electoral college. where do they go from here? mr. daley: this is normal. people who say this is the end of the democratic party -- we heard it when george bush won 2000 over alin gore, that the democrats are finished. barack obama had 2 of the biggest democratic victories we have seen, in 2008 and 2012. my sense is we have a lot to look at out of this election. obviously, hillary clinton did get a lot more votes, and with changes in a couple of states, this would be different.
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but we have got to do a bit of soul-searching of how we argue. we have become perceived as elitist, isolated. laura: she lost those states, michigan and wisconsin. if she'd won those, she could have been president. mr. daley: she would have been president, and she lost them by a very thin margin. whether it was tactics or a broader message, i think we must do a better job as democrats to reach out to people, to speak to their concerns. not just their economic concerns. their concerns about culture and the changes happening in a relatively short period in the united states. laura: william daley, thank you so much for joining us. mr. daley: appreciate it. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." come,the come -- still to and upset in french politics means nicholas sarkozy is out goodrancois fillon is in weather results mean for the
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presidential polls. in the u.k. it is thought that it hundred 50 people have led the fight for jihadist groups in iraq. one mother has hid the truth about her son's secret life and death. now she has decided to tell the story. >> my only son has been taken away from me. ago, she was an ordinary mother from birmingham. now she is grieving for her teenage son, who was killed fighting to defend the so-called islamic state, known to its supporters as the caliphate. >> his nature and that vulnerability, on the back of the caliphate -- this is what you must do. if you don't do the journey, you are not a believer, you are not a good muslim. reporter: the 19-year-old went from being happy-go-lucky young to in a loving muslim family
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a full believer in the i.s. cause. he abandoned his life last year without warning. days later, he had become one of the 850 britons gone to fight in syria. the letter left in his bedroom said it all. over a year ago, he was called to the frontline, and he spoke to his mother one last time. you,"ust said, "i love and that was it. reporter: he was killed here, sinjar province on the iraq border, blown up in a coalition airstrike while defending an i.s. position. there are only clues to how quickly he was radicalized. changes in his religious behavior, arguments over politics. appealing now to other grieving families to stop living in shame and join a national network in the battle for hearts and minds. bbc news, birmingham.
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laura: global politics has been full of surprises lately. this weekend that trend continued. in france, former president nicholas sarkozy lost in the first round of his bid to regain the post. instead, the former prime minister, the conservative francois fillon, has emerged as the front runner to compete against marine le pen in next year's presidential election. lucy williamson reports. lucy: once he was nicknamed mr. nobody. no one calls him that now. francois fillon is the favorite to be his party's presidential candidate. catholic anglophile with a welsh wife and a fondness for margaret thatcher. his plans to take on the unions by slashing half a million public jobs and pushing through
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liberal reforms have won him right-wing support, as have his calls for quotas on immigration and a ban on adoption by gay couples. tonight he appeared on france's main news bulletin. >> i have always been convinced that my project would answer the expectations of the center-right voters. it is not a surprise. i am not trying to prove anything. it is a sign of my commitment to the truth and the project for change. lucy: alain juppe, once tipped as a party favorite, is now the outsider for the runoff on sunday. his rival's success was, he said, a surprise. how did mr. fillon do it? .> the personality french people wanted that, someone very serious, very rigorous, and also, he was
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appointing measures that were very on the right, and that is what was expected by the electors. lucy: it is early days, but for some, this primary contest is an unofficial first round in france's presidential race. the current resident of the elysees palace is so unpopular that few are counting on a socialist candidate even reaching the presidential runoff next may. in a head-to-head race with far right leader marine le pen, alain juppe can probably count on left-wing votes. the question many are asking now is whether francois fillon can do the same. he is more likely to win over some of le pen's target voters, those who don't really agree with her support for gay rights or her plans to pull out of the eu. she has beenhand , doing well in previously
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left-wing areas with promises of welfare spending and protection for france's economy. mr. fillon is the first surprise in france's presidential race. he may not be the last. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. laura: from french politics to the start of the bbc's "100 women" series. we bring you inspirational stories of women around the world. we begin with winnie harlow, a successful and high profile figure it the world of fashion. she has vitiligo, which causes parts of her skin to lose pigment. but as she explains, that does not define who she is. >> people have an idea of who i am or what i should stand for.
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solely based off of how i look or what they have heard about me. that is not necessarily who i am. i think i was born with confidence. it is really just something that i lost when people made me feel like i shouldn't be confident. it just really took me not thinking about anyone else's opinion of me and focusing on my opinion of myself to be like, why am i not confident? my mom always talks about me and my baby pictures. she wants to send everyone the worst photos of me. people will say things like "it's so amazing, you are so brave for going out and being yourself." i am like, no, i'm not brave. i'm confident. >> we love winnie! >> being brave, to me, about going outside and being confident in my skin implies that there is a problem with my
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skin and i need a pat on the back for being so confident to go outside looking like this. it is not that i'm ashamed of having vitiligo, or that i don't like it, or that i used it to get to where i am and now i'm trying to get away from it -- there is no getting late from -- getting away from it. it is a part of me. it does not define me. laura: winnie harlow there. bringing today's broadcast to a close. you can find much more on the day's news on our website, including the latest on the earthquake which has struck off the coast of japan. to reach me and most of the bbc
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team, go to twitter. i am @lauratrevelyan, and i would love to hear from you. thanks for watching. please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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