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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 23, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, bbc "world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. donald trump makes more cabinet picks, including former foe, nikki haley, now cap to degree -- the south carolina governor is now tapped to be ambassador to the united nations. the man who murdered british lawmaker jo cox is found guilty on all counts. her family promises early to see will live on. >> and act driven by hatred, which instead created an outpouring of love. katty: when nature becomes the classroom. one photographer has capture d homeschooling through a child's eyes.
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television and around the world. it is the eve of thanksgiving in the u.s. but that has not stopped progress for the trump team, where the president-elect announced 2 more appointments to his cabinet, adding diversity to what had been an all-white come all-male cabinet. from new york, here is the bbc's nick bryant. governor haley: south carolina makes presidents, and our next president will be marco rubio. nick: nikki haley became prominent as a critic of donald trump. she endorsed florida senator marco rubio and then backed ted cruz. governor haley: i wanted someone
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with conviction to the right thing. nick: this daughter of indian immigrants was a critical of the proposed ban of muslims to the united states and incendiary tone of his anti-immigrant rhetoric. governor haley: it can be tempting to follow the siren call of the angriest voices . we must resist that temptation. nick: following the election, this highflying 44-year-old was for a high profile role. governor haley: i will not pretend to be the president-elect's biggest cheerleader. [laughter] i did vote for him, and i was thrilled to see him win. >> thank you, south carolina. it is coming down. nick: as governor of south carolina, she is best known for demanding the lowering of the confederate flag at the state capitol in colombia after the shooting of nine african-americans at this church in charleston. governor haley: the confederate flag is coming off the ground of the south carolina statehouse. nick: it was a brave political move in such a staunchly conservative state, a high point
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in what has been an eye-catching career. as she prepares to represent the united states at the united nations in new york and occupy the ambassador's office at its u.n. mission, little is known about her approach to foreign affairs. diplomats from other countries have expressed relief at the appointment of nikki haley. they feared that donald trump might appoint a prominent republican u.n. basher to the role. they see her as a potentially moderating influence on the incoming president. others who have not yet been asked are ready to serve, like general david petraeus, commander of u.s. forces in afghanistan and iraq, former director of the cia. general petraeus: i've been in a position before i wear a president has turned to me in the oval office in a difficult moment without any pleasantries and said "i'm asking you as your president and commander-in-chief to take command of the international security assistance force in afghanistan." the response can be yes, mr. president.
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president obama: i hereby pardon you. nick: all this as president obama, for the last time carried , out one of the great rituals of state, the annual pardoning of the thanksgiving turkey. in 12 months time, the task will be performed by donald j. trump, a bird of a very different feather. nick bryant, bbc news, new york. katty: a short time ago the president elect released his own thanksgiving message said it is his prayer that we feel our division and move forward as one country shaped by a shared purpose and common resolve. i spoke with david ignatius, columnist for "the washington post." nikki haley to the united nations, presuming she is confirmed for the job, is she a good pick? david: she is an interesting choice. she will bring to the united nations this indian-american immigrant experience, powerful
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exponent of that. during the campaign, she was one of the republicans who called trump out on his anti-muslim rhetoric, strongly objected to it. it is interesting that he went ahead and picked her nonetheless. she obviously will be reassuring. she doesn't know much about foreign policy. she has been governor of a state, south carolina, heavily involved international trade, but doesn't know much about foreign policy issues she will have to deal with. katty: what does it suggest to you that donald trump wants from his administration that he picked her? david: i think it shows that he wants to reassure the world that the united states is about continuity. there has been enormous fear overseas. every country i go to, they worry that the united states will step back from the forward leaning, engaged leader of the global system to something that is more isolationist, more focused on american concerns. she is a reassuring pick. the other people trump is
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talking about nominating to key foreign policy and defense positions, trying to send that message. ist trump himself thinks still in ministry to all of us. katty: what about nikki haley and the names you have not been appointed yet, but the more moderate names, against the early picks like general michael flynn and stephen bannon, who will be right there in the oval office close to the president? what do you read into those different types of messages? which is it? david: i think this is going to be a presidency characterized by what we often call a team of rivals, differing, contentious points of view. president trump, inexperienced in the center. a person with strong judgments , but often impulsive, without a lot of experience. if mitt romney becomes secretary of state, he is a heavyweight,
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he will be a strong voice. we will have to see if general james mattis, a tough marine, somebody we have gotten to know well, if you secretary of defense, that is a lot of balance for a president who will need it. katty: just posted your latest column on donald trump pulling a bait and switch on america, saying he has shifted the center on his more radical proposals from the campaign. is there any particular policy that this president-elect cannot row back on if he is going to satisfy his supporters, people who elected him? david: he should begin with immigration. build a wall was the first, strong, inflammatory position he took. he is going to have to address immigration in a way that leaves his supporters feeling this wasn't all a game. i do think that after the election, it has hit him hard that he has to lead the united states and the world, and he
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knows that he has a lot to learn. katty: david ignatius, thanks for coming in. see who the rest of the transition picks are and what the trump administration looks like. the killing of jo cox shocked written and the rest of the world. the right-wing extremist, thomas mair was found guilty of his , murder and will spend the rest of his life behind bars. ms. cox was killed the week before the eu referendum in june. the 41-year-old mother of two was a passionate supporter of staying in the european union. reporter: they had to endure the pain of the trial, the anguish of distressing evidence, the reminder of what they have lost. this grieving families still refused to be drawn into hate. >> we try now not to focus on how unlucky we were to have her taken from us, but how lucky we were to have her in our lives so long. >> for the family, we will
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respond with the strength, love, positivity, and enthusiasm. strength and love for each other, and positivity and enthusiasm for the principles jo believed in. reporter: jo cox was a mother of two young children. she was also a passionate, hard-working mp. killed a week before the eu referendum, she had been a strong remain campaigner. she represented everything thomas mair appeared to despise. he was driven to kill her by hatred and extreme political views. cctv showed him in the hours before the murder, heading into the town center waiting for his victim. when she arrived at the local library, he stabbed her and shot her. he shouted "britain first" and " this is for britain" as he killed her. >> i could see jo on the floor.
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you could see the angle, straight to the head. shot her again. reporter: as jo cox lay dying, thomas mair calmly left at the scene. one eyewitness followed him and called the police. >> brown hill road, off the sideline. reporter: he was quickly arrested, rugby-tackled to the ground by 2 unarmed officers. >> the british public want to know why. reporter: in all his police interviews, he said nothing. know cox's family wants to why she is dead. explanation no
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, remorse. this is a man who had a fascination with extreme right-wing views for decades. as far back as 1984, mair was buying neo-nazi publications. he had a letter published in a racist south african magazine. in one he wrote, "the white race will prevail growth in britain and south africa, but i fear it will be a very long and bloody struggle." at his home, his bookcase was filled with far right literature. on top of it nazi eagle. drawers, books about the ss. thomas mair showed no reaction on hearing the guilty verdict. he will almost certainly spend the rest of his life in prison. jo cox's husband described what he did as an act of terrorism. jo cox was killed because of what she stood for. her politics led to her death at the hands of one of her own constituents. katty: remembering jo cox. a look at other news.
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facebook has been working on hip software that would help china's government remove or block content. facebook has neither confirmed software'she existence, but says they are learning more about china. security forces in cameroon fired tear gas and live bullets at antigovernment protesters in the english speaking northwest of the country. begin oness monday. people in english-speaking areas think they are marginalized. the rare handwritten poem by anne frank, famous for her diaries about life in amsterdam, sold at auction for 440 $5,000. -- shete the book in the
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wrote the poem in the book belonging to her best friend's sister. 200 60,000 people have died in south america's longest-running armed conflict. said aombian government new peace deal has been struck rebels.c the deal would be submitted to congress for approval rather than a popular vote. what happened last month when the colombian people rejected the first treaty. for more on this i spoke with eric farnsworth. it through tong get it through congress as fast as possible. our they nervous about this deal? >> i don't know if nervous is wantight answer, but they to make sure the scenario is not repeated. the legislature, as democratically elected body, has the legitimacy and authority to
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pass this. katty: how much has changed in the actual deal itself? critics are saying it is still too soft on the farc, just like last time with a referendum. a majority of those who voted in the referendum decided i did not want to. >> it depends on who you ask, when your perspective is, if it has changed enough. i would say there are significant changes to some of them. but critics, as you rightly say, have not been convinced. i think question becomes is this , as a negotiated agreement good , enough once the legislature passes it to be fully implemented by all segments of society? the key will be implementation. katty: one of the questions that critics had of the original deal is what happens to some of the top farc leaders, and where is the responsibility? who takes responsibility for what happened? has that been settled in the new deal?
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>> that is the crux of the problem, because the whole trade-off between peace and justice is a continuum. the renegotiation brought in more towards justice. katty: how? what specifically? crimes to be identified and people to be held accountable for a time limit of 10 years. if you miss that you are subject to full disciplinary actions. the question becomes is that enough for people who thinks it should be focused on justice as a first priority and peace will come later. you will never convince a of society, but some are so looking forward to peace after 50 years there willing to give it a shot. it is a better deal than the previous one by most accounts. some people are still in danger if the deal is not passed?
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>> i think that is right. the alternative is you go to the .ield and start the war again that is what the president has clearly said, if there is no peace we are going back to war. to comee a grace period up with a new deal. i would hasten to add that just because this peace agreement doesn't mean everybody will all of a sudden be free of violence. this is a nationwide thing. there are pockets of people who will not accept these terms, whether from the left or the right. constant vigilance will be required for implementation. katty: thanks very much for coming in. you are watching bbc "world news america." whereo come, millions face starvation. the source of the problem and what could be done to face -- to help those in need. a scandal in south korea
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involving the private life of the president has taken a twist with revelations that her office made a mass purchase of viagra pills. this comes amid accusations that the president allowed a close friend to influence her decisions. protests against ms. park have called on her to face a criminal probe. reporter: this affair gets more bazaar by the day. the central investigation is about a relationship between president park and her longtime friend for 40 years standing. the allegation is about money. that the friend used her friendship to raise money. saying i'm a friend of the president, give me millions of dollars. it has political traction because of the bizarre rumors. there are allegations that the friend and president took part ultish rituals, and
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now the revelation of the purchase of viagra tablets. the president says there is an innocent explanation. they were going to capitals in east africa, high altitude, and the viagra was to cancel altitude sickness. a perfectly innocent explanation they say. the difficulty is ordinary koreans say there is more to this than meets the eye. every day there are new questions. the whole thing it's more political with a big demonstration of hundreds of thousands of people this coming saturday. -- it is ash the political weight increases his bizarre revelation rocks the presidential palace more. after double disasters in
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is another crisis facing the country. more than 6 million people are struggling to put food on the table. foodi is no stranger to shortages, but it is particularly bad and more than one third of the population needs food aid. this bowl of porridge is probably the only food these children will eat for 24 hours. when they survive the harshest draft and hunger -- they weresly attending school. for now, the number has increased to 633.
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the program has 12,000 10 official ares in 11 schools, a tiny fraction of those affect his eye hunger in malawi. has counted the days she stayed hungry. it has driven her deeper into poverty. with a limited supply of food and water, life has been reduced to survival. , agricultureeople has failed again and again. many do not have money to buy food from the market. some of the most vulnerable have received funds when others get food aid. the country gets hit by a hungry season. this year the hunger season
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started earlier from july, nationwide. the southern areas have been particularly badly hit. reporter: the impact of a double disaster. last year, this river burst its banks in the south. floodwaters washed away crops. because of severe drought, harsh lessons for country that relies heavily on rain fed agriculture. there were warnings, possibly even for months, ahead. for now, millions of malawians are looking above and beyond their borders for relief. katty: a spare thought for the people in malawi. in the united states the education system for children is changing and more are being homeschooled. what was once a small movement is becoming mainstream, and is
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legal in all 50 states. when a photographer moved to woodstock in new york, she met a family educating their five-year-old daughter at home. she decided to chronicle the experience from the child's perspective. here is a look. >> the special thing about woodstock is that it is completely buried in nature. there are creeks pretty much in every corner. there is more trees than cars, almost. you feel it. outside the center of town, there is very secluded houses. when i was with these children, i sometimes felt like i was in a fairytale. it was a magical world i was being invited into and lost in. my name is rachel, in my book "homeschooled" is about children homeschooled by their parents. in other words, they have never been to school. the first family in the book, they live on a farm. it was about a two-hour drive from woodstock. their father built their house,
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a very rustic farmhouse. they grow vegetables and raise animals and help with every aspect of farm work. at the same time, they have tutors come, they have hours at home that they study. he found this sheet of ice and finding bugs, seeing how it melts in his fingers. he was very into science and animals. he spends half of his afternoon trying to feed the squirrel that would come to his door. children who are homeschooled in such natural environments learn about time by watching the natural world around them. being engaged in nature doesn't have to be living in the middle of the woods in a little brick house. it could be exposing the children to nature by going to the park and collecting leaves
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and making things in nature instead of being on the computer. some children thrive in school, but some don't. as long as the child is happy and loved, everyone should do what is best for them. i'm happy that we have the freedom here to do it. katty: before we go, we want to go back to the story. it is the day before thanksgiving. it is time to pardon a couple of turkeys. each year 2 birds get the reprieve. this year it went to tater and tot. they will spend their days on a farm in virginia. speaking of skipping out, the obama daughters took part after last year's with their dad. instead, his nephews accompanied him.
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you can find out more of the day's news on our website. i am on twitter. i am @kattykaybbc. for those in america, have a very happy thanksgiving. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, donald trump announces more top appointments to his administration, and we take a closer look at the president- elect's potential conflicts with his business interests. then, we explore the many ways mexico and the u.s. are bound together, despite the border. >> reporter: truly separating these two countries is nearly impossible, given their deep connections. not only geographically-- i'm standing in the u.s., and everything beyond the water is mexico-- but also intertwined economies, and families who live on both sides. every day, more than 1 million people cross the border legally. >> woodruff: plus, this week's "leading edge" looks at the science and psychology behind efforts to stop terrorist


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