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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  December 24, 2016 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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captioning sponsored by wnet >> sreenivasan: on this edition for saturday, december 24: new arrests in the berlin christmas market attack; in our signature segment, this stage production gives othello the hip-hop treatment. and an unlikely story of gentrification in portland, oregon next on pbs newshour weekend. >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. judy and josh weston. the cheryl and philip milstein family. the john and helen glessner family trust-- supporting trustworthy journalism that informs and inspires. sue and edgar wachenheim, iii. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america--
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designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. from the tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: good evening. thanks for joining us. there have been new arrests in this week's berlin christmas market truck attack that killed 12 people and injured 56 others. today, police in tunisia arrested the nephew of accused attacker anis amri and two other suspected militants. tunisia's interior ministry says amri's 18-year-old nephew had contact with amri through an encrypted messaging app. all three are suspected of belonging to the same terrorist cell and having contacts with the accused terrorist. the ministry says amri, who had pledged his allegiance to the islamic state group in a video,
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was recruiting his nephew to join him in europe. all three are being held in detention pending further investigation. it's unclear whether the suspects assisted amri in fleeing berlin after the attack. amri was killed early friday in a shootout with police in a suburb of milan, italy. in syria this weekend, civilians are returning to neighborhoods in eastern aleppo for the first time in nearly five years. the syrian army says it has completely retaken aleppo and brought "security and safety" to the heavily damaged city. after days of calm, syrian state tv reported that air strikes in rebel-held areas near aleppo had resumed, killing at least five people. and inside aleppo, an explosive device left behind by rebels injured at least three people. on thursday, the last group of rebel fighters were evacuated to opposition held areas outside of the city. under a deal brokered by turkey and russia, convoys of busses and cars have taken both civilians and rebel fighters out of the city since late last week.
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in nigeria, the president claimed today that the boko haram militant group has been driven from its last base in the massive sambisa forest. in a statement posted on social media, president muhammadu buhari said the group was "on the run and no longer have a place to hide." but the threat is far from over, with reports that the militants are regrouping at other bases in nigeria. one faction of boko haram is allied with the islamic state. the sambisa forest enclave is where boko haram was believed to be holding some of the more than 200 schoolgirls kidnapped in 2014 from the town of chibok. most of the girls remain missing. despite commitments to the latest truce by the rebels and leaders of ukraine and russia, a new cease-fire that was to have taken effect last night at midnight in time for christmas has not taken hold. the ukrainian government and russia-backed separatist rebels both allege multiple violations of the truce. the rebels claim ukrainian troops shelled them at least 140 times.
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the conflict that began more than two years ago when russia annexed crimea has claimed almost 10,000 lives. a number of opposition lawmakers in poland won't be home for the holidays. they've taken up temporary residence in the empty parliament building in warsaw and plan to stay there until parliament returns january 11. the sit-in is to protest moves by poland's ruling populist law and justice party which has recently tried to limit certain press freedoms and weaken the constitutional tribunal. one protester said the government is trying, in his words, "to build a kind of velvet dictatorship, step by step." christmas eve celebrations are well under way in the holy land, where thousands of pilgrims and tourists gathered in bethlehem's manger square. the top roman catholic cleric in the region arrived from jerusalem to celebrate midnight mass inside the fourth century church of the nativity, the traditional birthplace of jesus. the obamas teamed up today to deliver their final christmas message from the white house in their weekly address. president obama said the
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greatest gift he and michelle obama have received has been" the honor of serving as your president and first lady." they said that tomorrow, they will celebrate the holiday for the last time as first family and remember the eternal message of love, compassion and hope. >> the idea that we are our brother's keeper and our sister's keeper, that we should treat others as we would want to be treated, that we care for the sick, feed the hungry and welcome the stranger no matter where they come from or how they practice their faith. >> those are values that help guide not just my family's christian faith, but that of jewish americans and muslim americans; nonbelievers and americans of all backgrounds. and no one better embodies that spirit of service than the men and women who wear our country's uniform and their families. >> sreenivasan: read some facts about reindeer that might surprise you. visit >> sreenivasan: the broadway smash hit "hamilton" has drawn
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in thousands of audience members with its blend of hip-hop and american history, but "hamilto"" is not the only play to fuse hip-hop and musical theater. newshour weekend's ivette feliciano ventured a few blocks away from where "hamilton" is playing in new york to the off- broadway westside theatre. >> ♪ i never knew my pops, moms was a junky ♪ raised in the streets with the beats that are funky ♪ concrete and metal a child of the ghetto ♪ lookin' for the loot but there was none for othello. >> reporter: in their production of "othello: the remix," rap and theater artists, the q brothers, re-imagine the classic william shakespeare play for a modern hip-hop audience. for real-life brothers gq and jq, hip-hop is more than a music style; it's a way of life. >> if i go to a workout class, i would rather it be in rhyme. i want everything in life to rhyme. ordering a sandwich, everything, i want to be in rhyme. you know what i mean? >> reporter: the only shakespeare play featuring a black protagonist, "othello" tells the story of a military general who becomes convinced by
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his resentful underling iago that his wife is cheating on him. the q brothers' production transforms othello into a rising hip-hop star and iago into a jealous member of his entourage. >> ♪ othello's rich but he keeps me poor ♪ ah, well now it's time to settle the score ♪ hey, he never lets me get my foot in the door ♪ and this is why i hate the moor. >> reporter: gq plays iago. what do you think hip-hop brings out of shakespeare that just a straight performance wouldn't? >> if you boil shakespeare down and you boil hip-hop down to what's left in the pot, the essence, the grit, is storytelling through poetry and musical language. that's it. that's all you have. when you bring it to a basic level, that's what shakespeare is; that's what the best hip-hop artists are doing. >> reporter: this isn't the first time the q brothers have fused hip-hop with shakespeare.
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17 years ago, they created and co-starred in "the bomb-itty of errors," based on the bard's" comedy of errors." they've been performing hip-hop adaptations of shakespeare ever since. >> what shakespeare was doing is exactly what we were doing, and we realized that early on. like, he took the greeks and he rewrote them. and we realized, "oh, we're just taking the classics from our day and rewriting them, too." so, i think he'd be a proponent of what we do. >> ♪ o to the t-h-e double-l o they stick with the swell, flow like it's velcro ♪ classic as a shell-toe sneaker on a b-boy ♪ take a trip with this star i'm leonard nimoy. >> reporter: postell pringle plays the show's title character. >> it requires a certain level of participation back from the audience. when we tell you to, like, get your hands up, like, we are actually speaking to you. we're telling you to get your hands up, you know what i mean? just like you would in any other hip-hop show that you... hip-hop concert that you would go to. >> reporter: jackson doran plays othello's right hand man, cassio. >> i think what we provide is
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something that people can tune into that makes more sense in a contemporary context. and also, we're doing something that traditional musical theatre doesn't do, which is we rap the entire thing from start to finish. we have a dj onstage. we're trying to change the game a little bit in the sense of trying to do something different with traditional american musical theatre and traditional shakespeare. >> reporter: pringle believes the story of othello's rise and fall is heightened by the hip- hop setting. >> coming from nothing and making something out of yourself, that's the story of hip-hop all in itself. making something from nothing, that's what this character does. when somebody starts to corrode that, then you get to play with the jealousy and the paranoia. as an actor, you dream for the opportunity to, like, play that scale of emotion. and then, to get to the point where you get... where you descend into rage, which, i don't know, speaking somewhat personally, like, is something very cathartic as a black man in america. >> reporter: although race isn't
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a prominent feature in "othello: the remix," the show explores the idea of being an outsider in society, especially in its final song. >> ♪ in a cold, dark and unforgiving system we struggle with our destiny ♪ when the world is crumbling, emerge from the rubble, and your love is gonna set you free ♪ i'm an extraterrestrial watching the world spin ♪ what am i supposed to do? feel like i'm on the outside looking in. >> reporter: for the q brothers, who are part indian, the song exemplifies their own personal experiences growing up as people of color on chicago's northwest side. >> like, we create this stuff on the stage, but it's all a representation for our lives. we were born and raised as aliens in a world, like, on the north side of chicago where our dad was the darkest guy for miles and miles around.
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like, we were camel jockeys and dot heads. we don't look like it, but, actually, that's what we were called many times. i'm figuring this out as we... as we do that last, final song to everyone in the audience. we look everyone in the eye as much as we can until the final phrase. and then, we look up. but every time i say it, i find something new and different about it. >> reporter: the q brothers and their cast mates are hopeful that in a year full of tensions and divisions, their take on" othello" can help bring audiences of all different backgrounds closer in their experience of the show. >> i think it's important to find ways to connect with people who may not look or seem like you, always. and you look at our cast and you got two brown kids, a black kid and a white kid. it's like if we all think it's funny, you're all probably going to think it's funny, you know, or good, or interesting or whatever the adjective you want to put on it. >> ♪ and i made it to the top no, we're never gonna stop ♪ we ain't gonna stop yeah, we'll always be around
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♪ we'll be around >> sreenivasan: as america's young population continues its move back to urban centers, very few cities are able to avoid the complicated conversation surrounding gentrification. whether punctuated by the arrival of a new organic grocery store or a even a boutique men's barber, development brings change and often tension. newshour weekend's christopher booker reports on an unlikely tale of gentrification taking place underneath one of portland oregon's oldest bridges. >> reporter: underneath portland, oregon's burnside bridge is one of the nation's meccas for skateboarding. what started 26 years ago, thi"" do it yourself" concrete skatepark has become part of the portland lore. it's included in many portland travel guides, regularly appears in advertisements and was featured in a best-selling video game franchise. >> the first little bit of concrete was poured on halloween 1990.
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>> reporter: burke morris sits on the burnside skatepark's board of directors. >> burnside is the birth of the d.i.y. skatepark movement. since all the skateparks in the '70s closed down, almost all of them, there was a rebirth in the '90s largely due to here. >> reporter: all of this started without knowledge, sanction or financial assistance from the city. and that very first pour was... was where? >> just the back wall back cornerstone is under pressure. we hear this all the time in brooklyn. we hear about it in austin and places like that, places that have real unique identities and spaces. >> well, it's kind of a weird situation. spaces like burnside and spaces made by the artistic creative
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community are often the forefront, the first step of gentrification. and i personally am very aware of that. i see that burnside came into the neighborhood, cleaned it up, but it remained an industrial neighborhood up until recently. and that's about to change, along with much of portland. we're just trying to hold onto what we have at this point. >> reporter: now looming above gritty burnside, a sleek, new modern living space and a sign of a changing city. known simply as "yard," the 284 luxury apartment rentals are advertised as a place where friends gather to unwind, exchange ideas and make new connections. there is parking for electric cars, its fitted with an eco- friendly roof and each apartment will have a bike rack. but developer jeff pickhardt says the plan for this new living space always envisioned a peaceful coexistence with burnside. >> when we bought the lot, we
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had to have a conversation about scaling the skate park back. and then, what happens when the building goes up and how do we phase the skate park back in? so, initially, a bit contentious. we wanted to tread lightly on the work that they had done. you know, they've been here for 25 years, and we're the new guys on the block. i mean, 25 years ago, imagine this place. it was... it was blighted 25 years ago. >> reporter: the mixed use residential tower is another turn in portland's move from its industrial past to 21st century hipster haven, another chapter in this city's redevelopment. during the past three years, united van lines reports moving more people to oregon than any other state in the country. at the same time, portland rents have been experiencing the highest percentage growth rates among the nation's top 50 housing markets. people are moving here en masse. there are cranes in the sky everywhere. where does this little tiny bit of real estate fit within what's happening here? >> yeah, i think the interest in portland right now is the authenticity. and i think the skate park is
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authenticity sort of at the max. and for people to come in and do this work without a permit originally and create what they've created and have it stand the test of time, it says a lot. and it says a lot about a community that's willing to go along with that, too. >> reporter: with the arrival of yard, burnside did not lose any square footage of the skatepark, but they did lose some sunlight. in return, the developer agreed to install lights in the park to compensate for the light lost by the high-rise. >> jeff has worked with us to a large degree, and we're thankful of that. it could be a lot worse. that being said, i'm still... nothing's set in concrete-- if you forgive the pun-- until it's there, you know? so, we'll... you know. >> reporter: jeff said he thinks you guys, what you have built is far more culturally important than a building. do you agree with that?
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>> it's hard to convey the importance of burnside to anyone in the non-skateboard world, but it's incredibly important worldwide. >> reporter: and you did it yourselves? >> yeah, and it's our spot. we continue to build. >> reporter: tenants began moving into yard this past july, and soon after a spa and wellness club opened it doors. according to the building, a restaurant is set to open next year selling a new "burnside burger," of which partial proceeds will to go to the skatepark. >> sreenivasan: south dakota is a rural state that is more than 85% white, with only small percentages of native american, black, latino and asian residents. however, the demographics in some towns are changing due to a new wave of immigration, with consequences for local economies.
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once again, newshour weekend's christopher booker reports in this story we first brought you in july. >> reporter: at dakota provisions, a turkey processing plant in huron, south dakota, worker nyo maung takes only a second and a half to remove the tail of a turkey. with his electric knife, he completes 40 cuts a minute and 2,400 every hour. huron is a small city of 13,000 residents halfway between sioux falls and the state capital, pierre. more than 40 turkey farms supply the plant, which distributes meat all over the u.s. it runs like an auto factory assembly line, with about a thousand workers processing 20,000 turkeys a day. that adds up to 200 million pounds of turkey meat a year. and no one is faster with his blade than nyo maung. mark "smokey" heuston is the company's human resources director. the foreman was saying that they've actually noticed when he's on vacation that the productivity levels go down, the yields go down. >> that's correct. >> reporter: on average, floor ound $13 an hour.maung make since the plant opened in 2005,
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it's been a constant struggle to find and retain enough people from south dakota willing to work in meatpacking. immigrants help fill the gap. >> we're able to keep our turnover down to the 15% and 20% a year range, which is four or five times less than the national average for the meatpacking plants. >> reporter: like nyo maung, most workers here are karen, an ethnic minority from myanmar, formerly known as burma. between 2005 and 2014, a u.s. resettlement program admitted 73,000 refugees from myanmar, long governed by a military dictatorship, until last year. heuston began recruiting the refugees in 2007, when, during a trip to st. paul, minnesota, a magnet for refugees from myanmar, he met a small group of karen people willing to move to huron. nine years later, through word of mouth and family ties, what started with three has expanded to more than 600 karen workers. >> without the karen people, we probably would not be able to run the turkey plant. >> reporter: why not?
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>> people just don't want to move to rural america. the local young people are going out to see the rest of the world. the karen people have seen the rest of the world, and they've had enough of the rest of the world. the karen come here for exactly the same reasons that our ancestors came here, and that's to be free. >> reporter: nyo maung arrived here in 2012. why did you decide to move to huron as opposed to st. paul or indiana or another place in the united states? why huron? >> ( translated ): the reason that i chose huron is because my relatives live here. one of my relatives or siblings, they arrived here before. >> reporter: but the karen are only part of the story. roughly 16% of the plant's workforce is from latin america. the plant's diversity has transformed huron and surrounding beadle county, bringing the city's population back up to numbers not seen since 1980 while reducing the median age by five years. >> we were maybe one of the pioneers in our area to embrace some of the immigration. >> reporter: brooke sydow is
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workforce development coordinator for the city of huron. >> we want to see south dakota grow, and we're not seeing the traditional white middle-class american come back to a rural place. it's just not happening. and so, we're embracing whatever's coming our way versus trying to bar up and say, "we can't help you." let's say, "okay, come here. how can we help you?' >> reporter: with 46% of the k- 12 students being of asian or latino descent, "helping" means expanding the school's english as a second language program and hiring a certified e.s.l. instructor for every grade. the city also added more plots to this community garden, believing the space would allow new and old residents to get to know one another. and the city also helps new arrivals with housing needs. with the help of huron's james valley housing group and the u.s. department of agriculture rural development program, nyo maung was able to buy this $137,000 four-bedroom house with no money down. you have decided to stay in
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huron? >> ( translated ): forever, always. the rest of my life. i will not go to any other places. i don't know where else to go. i'll stay here. >> we've always been a working- class community, and there's always been different groups of people that have come through and kind of lived and worked in the community. and with the karen population, they fit in really well within our community. we have a huge family-based orientation. they're family-based, we're family-based, so they fit in well. >> reporter: even though there were some minor culture clashes at first-- mark heuston tells a story about a karen family raising a few eyebrows after they started laying some fish out to dry in their neighbors backyard-- sydow says the town is more than willing to do what is needed to make immigrants feel welcome. >> if that means putting up another restaurant or if that means changing the e.s.l. program, trying to help with community integration, that's what we're going to do. >> reporter: you guys are open for business? >> we're open for business, and that's what sets us apart from other communities.
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>> this is pbs newshour weekend, saturday. >> sreenivasan: over the last few decades, an invasive crab native to europe has been making it's way up the west coast of the united states. as katie campbell of seattle pbs station kcts 9 and the environmental journalism collaboration earthfix reports, there is an effort to see just how many of these invaders are lurking in the water. >> reporter: emily grason and sean mcdonald are on a hunt. they're scouring this salt marsh on san juan island in puget sound, in search of a three-inch menace-- the european green crab. >> this was the location where our volunteer crew found a single adult male, and this is the first sighting along washington's inland shores. >> reporter: they've set hundreds of baited traps to try to prevent invasive green crabs from setting up a colony. >> it might seem like it's crazy
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for us to have such an intense trapping effort for just a single crab being found, but these crabs do tend to show up in numbers. and where there's one, there's often more. >> reporter: green crabs are considered one of the worst global invaders. from their home shores of europe, green crabs have spread to south africa, brazil, australia and both coasts of north america. they are voracious predators, able to crack open clams and mussels. on the east coast, their numbers have been on the rise. they've wreaked havoc on the ecosystem and devastated maine's soft-shell clam industry. >> the only effective tool we have for eliminating green crab is trapping. >> reporter: but for the time being, there's hope. after three days, their traps come up empty. >> now, i have a little bit more confidence that there is not tons of crabs hiding in pockets of this marsh. >> there is always that voice in that back of your head that will go, "did you look everywhere?" there is really no way to know. >> reporter: they'll be back the coming months to search some more.
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>> sreenivasan: in a statement released late today by president-elect donald trump's transition team, mr. trump announced that he intends to dissolve the donald j. trump foundation. mr. trump said that while the foundation has done what he calls "enormous good works over the years," he was acting to" avoid even the appearance of any conflict with my role as president." the foundation has been controversial and is currently under investigation by the new york state attorney general. in 2015, the foundation had net assets of $1.1 million. that's all for this edition of pbs newshour weekend. i'm hari sreenivasan. thanks for watching. captioning sponsored by wnet captioned by media access group at wgbh >> pbs newshour weekend is made
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possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. judy and josh weston. the cheryl and philip milstein family. the john and helen glessner family trust-- supporting trustworthy journalism that informs and inspires. sue and edgar wachenheim, iii. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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(man) support for this program is made possible by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you! from american university in washington dc, best-selling author and financial expert, suze orman, answers critical questions about your money. tonight is all about you! the goal of money is for you to feel secure. the goal of money is for you to feel powerful. you have problems-- but here's the good news-- i have the solutions. (man) suze provides essential advice in... please welcome suze orman! [drums, guitar, & keyboard play in bright rhythm] ♪ ♪