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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 8, 2017 5:28pm-6:01pm PST

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the catalan architect enric miralles mixed bold windows, wild angles, and organic themes into a startling complex that would, as he envisioned, "surge from out of the rock and into the city."
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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, bbc "world news." laura: this is bbc "world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. 30 people are killed in kabul. claimed by is being the so-called islamic state. now comes the hard part of replacing obamacare. already, cracks in the party are showing. international women's day is being marked across the globe. recent sit down with the influential head of the imf. >> talking is one thing, walking the talk will be another.
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laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. doctors stormed a hospital in the afghan capital killing 30 people and wounding dozens. the so-called islamic state has claimed responsibility for the attack carried out in kabul's heavily guarded diplomatic quarter. army commandos landed by helicopter on the roof. james robbins reports. billows from afghanistan's largest military hospital. four or five extremists have overwhelmed its defenses using guns and grenades to attack medical staff and patients.
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some fleeting window ledges. us sends a message, pray for . it takes helicopters laden with afghan special forces to counterattack, and several hours of fighting, to kill the jihadists. >> i was operating here when a suicide armor wearing a white doctor's uniform opened fire on me. i fell down. doctor shot my colleague. i escaped using the back exit. afghanistan's president said an attack on a hospital trampled human values. the inability of his security forces to protect such an obvious target raises doubts about the ability of a fragile, often corrupt, government to prevail against the extremists of the taliban and the i.s..
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>> you have to ask yourself where these guys going to go? where are these terrorists going to go? unfortunately, afghanistan, as long as it remains unstable, is highly attractive to groups like isis for relocation. afghanistan look more vulnerable than ever. no wonder the top general is urging the dispatch of thousands of international troops as military trainers to try to stop the rot. laura: for more i'm joined by the former afghanistan ambassador to canada and france. can i ask you your reaction as an afghan and a diplomat when you see this devastating attack by the islamic state on a hospital in the center of kabul? hurtful.tragic and
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i can say this from the communications i've had with afghans in kabul, there is anger resentment toward the terrorists who say they belong to the so-called i.s. islamic state group, which is a somewhat new phenomenon in resentment toe afghanistan. people are used to hearing the word taliban. it is confusing because they don't know who is the taliban and who belongs to i.s.. how do they enter afghanistan, where do they train, where are their safe havens, how are they armed, and most importantly, how are they financed? laura: is the government of afghanistan to weekend corrupt to deal with the threat from the islamic state or the taliban? >> afghanistan has gone through a lot. there is an element of weakness and corruption, no doubt about it. we are facing terrorism in more
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than just one form. we used to hear it talk only about the taliban. toy are still there destabilize afghanistan. now it seems we have other cells. to what extent are they connected to the taliban, former taliban, new jihadists entering afghanistan? do you think the islamic state is gaining ground in afghanistan? is adon't think that it consequence of what is happening in syria, yes. that might be the case in the future as they lose more territory in iraq. afghanistan, has for the last year and a half, then a target for i.s. cells from the region. many i.s. belong to what used to , and others belong to
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foreign fighters from central asia. thea: why do you think afghan government needs to fight the extremist threat, whether it is the taliban or i.s.? would more u.s. troops and nato boots on the ground help? >> better command, better control, better management. going after real targets. there is a suspicion and afghan society there is a 5th column in the government that may be aiding and abetting. i hope that is not true. laura: it might be? .> it is a very strong belief they cannot make sense of why this is happening. the united states is at a point, and nato and other countries who have contributed to the afghanistan security for the
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last decade, they are at a point where they have to make hard decisions again. i we going to let this conflict deal fora peace everyone, or are we going to put in the necessary resources to win the war? laura: last year 10,000 people were killed, 20,000 were injured. what is the impact on society? >> it is tremendous, not only psychological. it is forcing people to leave the country, especially the educated class. the young men and women that have benefited. they are worried about the future. the government is wobbly. it needs to show firmness. in order to do so they have to be more united than they have been. the international community, not,er they like it or we'll have to stand by
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afghanistan to make sure it is in a failure. us.a: thank you for joining the public implant to reform health care shaping up to be the biggest fight so far donald trump's turbulent young presidency. conservatives don't like the proposal because it is too similar to obamacare. democrats worry that too many could lose their coverage. i sat down with ron christie to discuss where this could go from here. how serious is the conservative revolt? christie: serious and significant. randd trump tweeted that paul needed to get behind the plan. that emboldened many in the donaldcan base to say if trump will single out members, we will rally around our base. they're trying to get behind plan.yan's
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the factionalism a -- the factionalization is fascinating. the white house should have seen this. the white house does not have all of their staff in place. there is the office of legislative affairs. they should have been on the hill talking to representatives and senators, gauging the support the president may have had a the lack of that early detection system has hurt the white house. laura: the president is throwing his weight behind it. how they get it through? mr. christie: on friday the presidential fly to kentucky, the home state of rand paul, and having a rally in support of his health care plan. i don't know how this will come out. the republicans need to stick together in the senate. at this juncture, i don't think they have the votes.
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laura: we don't officially know if people lose coverage under the new plan, but some suggest they will. what if we have angry trump voters facing that they can lose health care? mr. christie: with the original affordable care act you had an expansion of medicaid which has up to 22 million people. one of the provisions would need to block the grant that allowed the states to administer how do the medicaid program. you can lose a lot of people off of coverage. significant risks. laura: how high are the stakes for this white house? this is now their priority? mr. christie: the president uses the bully pulpit to get legislation through. this is a significant test for the trump white house. can they work with a republican majority in the house and senate to put legislation on his desk he can sign? he will have to put his strength behind it to get it through. laura: will they have to change
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what they have on the table? mr. christie: that is a smart thing that speaker ryan is saying, this is a start, a negotiation, the president is a great negotiator. let's hammer out something and hopefully get democratic support. news, an other government run care home in guatemala killed 19 teenage girls in a fire. others were injured. it wasn't clear what caused the blaze, but it may have been started to liberate lee. on tuesday police intervened after ryan broke out at the home. it houses 800 children that have been victims of violence. in most all the iraqi army has retaken a prison where the jihadists carried out mass execution. they are in full control of the prison northwest of the city. the museum of mozilla was osulptured on -- of m
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was recaptured on tuesday, but it is stripped of all artifacts. malta lost one of its most famous artifacts. window is featured in film and game of thrones. the news was heartbreaking. the united nations report says the situation in the south sudan is edging closer to genocide. the u.n. commission on human rights accuses government forces and allied militia of carrying out attacks on civilians using the civil war as a smokescreen. the south sudanese government denies the country is experiencing ethnic cleansing. alastair: the grief of a mother.
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the death of a son. she traveled through the night when she heard what happened. his body was found dumped in the river, his ankles tied and a metal wire around his neck. son was fishing and saw the body. i don't know who did it or why they did it. alastair: does this happen a lot? >> it happens. government forces are town.rge of yei the civil war spread to this part of the country where different ethnic groups live peacefully side-by-side. we short drive from the center here this is the limit of where army forces go on foot because the rebels control areas up the road.
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houses and buildings have been burned. soldiers claim wildfires -- blame wildfires or accident. but itight be the rule, is not the reality. at least not the reality that we heard from those that would talk . we are protecting their identities. this man's sister was assaulted by three soldiers who raped her. she assure their government soldiers? >> yeah. alastair: is this happening a lot? >> yeah, a lot. there.there, killings alastair: another witness described 10 young men being dragged out of their family home , chained together, and shot one by one. this woman was attacked in her house by soldiers in uniform. >> they started eating me.
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-- they started beating me. they beat me here. it was painful. they beat me on my head. i put my hands like this. i thought they were going to rape me. i said, do everything you want. i am praying to god. alastair: even though both sides have been implicated in atrocity, these allegations were all against government forces. rapinge is no killing or -- there is no killing or raping, said the commander. the only people that we fight are the rebels, he said. this is when the killing occurs. the survivors claim the civilians were killed by the army, but we don't kill civilians in our own country. alastair: there were no renegade troops? >> no, not a single case.
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alastair: still, people are leaving yei. half a million people have fled the country rather than living under the army. everywhere there are villages abandoned. people have taken what they can with them. hundreds of thousands have crossed into uganda. others in the bush because of the fighting. village after village. is a deeply disturbing ethnic element. the people are being killed because of their ethnicity. that is why the un warned this could indent genocide. yei, south sudan. laura: the agony in the world's youngest country. still to come on tonight's program, the international women's day liking at how fast females have come and the hurdles waiting to be cleared. north korean ruler kim jong-
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for nephew has spoken out the first time since his father's assassination in malaysia. a short video clip featuring the 21-year-old was released by a group that says they are protecting the exiled family. they believe the video is genuine. son must have witnessed the father's murder, at least on television shortly after. the moment it happened he would .ave known he was in danger he has put out a video from his hiding place, saying that he is safe with his mother and sister. am from north korea, part of the kim family. here is my passport. reporter: in malaysia, they want dna proof that the dead man is kim jong-nam.
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his son could provide that, but he is in hiding. >> because the dna analysis isn't done, there is a further process the left. getting the dna is because no one wants to come forward. maybe they are scared. han-sol hasm something dangerous. he is the potential leader of a country where power passes from father to son. that makes him a rival to the currently are. he gave an interview five years television.h he spoke english with an american accent. today it is with a british accent. he is westernized, having been europe. in he is a 21-year-old in fear for his life.
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in 1911 the first international women's day was held. more than a century later there are marches around the world calling for gender equality. we will hear from one of the most influential women in the world, the imf managing director, christine lagarde. first, katty kay looks at the triumphs and setbacks that women have faced. katty: hillary clinton claimed the future is feminine, and she knows the political landscape is different. it is a man's world when it comes to being boss, not just in the u.s. 130 countries have yet to appoint a woman leader. the congressional picture is slightly more encouraging. women have held national office for more than a century since 1916.
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83women are in the senate, in the house of representatives. it is not great, but better than the 11 women elected as recently as 1970. that is the story of women's progress. we have made advances, just not as big as we would have liked or expected. in business, 29 countries in the s&p 500 have female chief executives. it is better than europe, but it of the a pitiful 5.8% total. american businesses are behind other countries, places you ,ouldn't expect like russia latvia, and the philippines where women hold more than 40% of leader positions. this may depress someone like america's first female ceo, blazing a trail taking charge of her family's carpet sweeper company in 1889 here he too
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would have thought the glass ceiling would have been completely smashed by now. we aren't there yet. in her memory, we will keep working to make it happen soon. chief christine lagarde is among those working to make that a reality. she set down with katty earlier. wouldn't it be nice if we got to a place where we wouldn't need an international women's day anymore than we would need an international man's day? christine: it would be fantastic . will probably be forever away off your there something endemic and part of the cultural heritage about being discriminated against, excluded, downgraded, undermined. having an international day to challenge that is something that will keep. these discriminations, business
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practices of undermining, are not about to go. katty: the practice is endemic in women how they see themselves, or in how men see women? christine: in both genders. we internalize too much of those characteristics. i believe that men are afraid of women having too much power. katty: a lot of men might say "why should i share my jobs with women?" christine: there are more jobs in general if there's more growth in general. more education, everyone will benefit. not just women. our findings are very clear about is that bringing women to the table will actually generate more growth. it will create more jobs. it will improve the development of countries that need development. at the micro level it will bring
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more to the bottom line in companies. it is an economic no-brainer. we need to repeat it, repeat it, rehash it all the time so people understand it benefits all, not just women. katty: your report talks about women's talent being underappreciated and underused. is it frustrating we are still in this position? christine: it is underappreciated, underused, and at the same time exploited. low income countries, who fetches water? girls. who misses school? girls. however frustrated we are, we have to keep at it. we are in a position where we have the latest of the biggest economy of the world who has been on videotape famously women. towards
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how much does that tone from the top of the u.s. economy change the equation for women? christine: what is important is to not look at what happened in the past. it is to actually hold all leaders accountable. i have heard so many say "i'm a feminist" and not demonstrate they support women. i am determined to actually see what is being done, what is being implemented, what measures will be delivered. if president trump puts in place at the federal level a parental leave that will allow american women to continue their job without worrying about maternity, i will say bravo. katty: he talked about doing that in his address to congress. christine: talking is one thing. walking the talk is going to be decisive. laura: christine lagarde
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speaking to katty kay on international women's day, bringing today's broadcast to a close. you can find more on our website . from all of us, thank you for watching. please, tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and voya financial. >> ♪ voya >> hey, how's it going? >> who are you? >> i'm val, the orange money retirement squirrel from voya. i represent the money you save for the future. see, we are putting away acorns
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: a deep dive into the fight to replace the affordable care act-- what the republicans health care plan americans. also ahead this wednesday: >> this has been seriously damaging to the c.i.a. and its ability to conduct intelligence operations. >> woodruff: we sit down with former c.i.a. director leon panetta to talk about the wikileaks documents and what it says about the nation's top intelligence agency. and, miles o'brien takes us to antarctica, where a growing crack threatens to create one of the largest icebergs in history. >> what we're talking about is a


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