tv BBC World News America PBS September 20, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. a powerful earthquake has killed more than 220 people in mexico. t collapsed buildings in the capital, they are still searching for survivors, and we are on the scene. rajini: i am in mexico city, as rescuers continue to pick through the rubble for signs of life. jane: meanwhile, hurricane maria has torn a path of destruction across puerto rico. flooding and severe winds have knocked out power to the entire island. will: many here fear the same kind of devastation seen elsewhere in the caribbean, all
of this happening on an island that, lest we forget, essentially bankrupt. jane: and iran's president fires back at donald trump, calling him a rogue newcomer and warning that u.s. credibility is on the line. we will have the latest on the high-stakes spat. jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. in central mexico tonight, they are still searching for survivors after a powerful earthquake which has already claimed more than 220 lives. dozens of buildings have collapsed, including a primary school where 21 children are known to have died. the bbc's aleem maqbool is in mexico city with the latest. aleem: it is, today, the full scale of the disruption in mexico city has been revealed. more buildings we by the
fighting force of the earthquake , collapsed overnight. this is just one of the terrifying dramas playing out here, children trapped under rubble, confused and scared. the first one gets pulled out, and then the other. they were among the young peoples trapped when the primary school collapsed. it happened at lunchtime, moments after the earthquake struck. at least 20 children are known to have been killed here. many more are missing. this school has become the grim symbol of mexico's loss. i am desperate. i wanted to get the children out. i want to see something. >> this is my building. aleem: this is the moment the earthquake hit yesterday. those who escaped are lucky to be alive. everything came around.
aleem: cctv footage from a shopping center showed the roof start to collapse. this woman getting out of the way just in time. on their mobile phones, people captured countless shocking videos of things collapsing -- buildings collapsing. many who survived wondered around in shock. well, it is extraordinary that even though much of mexico city appears to be ok, you can suddenly turn a corner and find something like this, a building that used to be an apartment or office block, but where it has now been reduced to rock and dust from and where people lost their lives. also, all over the town, there are lines of the volunteers, people trying to help, those who may still be alive. as we spoke, the rescue workers began to raise their hands to
ask for a few minutes silence to hear any cries for help. but no joy this time. beyondall over the city the rural areas affected are beginning to focus their energy on saving any life they can'. we are organizing with the volunteers we have -- doctors, nurses -- and we are working with our own materials and supplies from the people. >> we need healing patches, wooden boards, floats, blankets, food, medical help. aleem: but some now sleep on the street, afraid to be inside,, ties by the violence of the quake. -- traumatized by the violence of the great. there may be a spirit of togetherness now. there's also an acute sense of loss and fear. aleem maqbool, bbc news, mexico city. aleemevery time ago,
joined us from outside the collapsed school. what is happening there? aleem: welcome we are very close to the primary school that we are talking about. -- i amng to was for having to whisper, because once again, we are being told to keep quiet, because there are many children who are still missing in that school, and they are trying to hear if any of those children are crying out. we are a couple of blocks away down the street from the school. of course, an agonizing wait for parents. there has been some glimmer of hope in the last hour or so -- one girl has been discovered alive. they are managing to get her water, they are managing to get her food. as of yet, they haven't rescued her. they are telling us all to be quiet, although they are just lifted that now, because they were trying to hear the cries of anyone else who was still trapped inside. the news for a lot of parents waiting has not been good during the day. all of the other people have
been pulled out of the rubble in the school behind me. sadly, they have been the bodies of children. we are being told to be quiet again, i'm afraid. children who passed away. there have been other good news stories in other parts of mexico city, with 26 people rescued from one building in an area i was reporting from earlier. just a very tense wait. this really has become a focal point for those grieving and those all around us who feel so helpless in this situation. but they want to try to do something. there is a line of people i can see to my left, at least 100 meters long, of people volunteering to help. they don't know what for, they just feel like they want to do something. but as we have heard elsewhere in this program, there is anger building as well as to why in an earthquake-prone zone, a primary school, for example, was not earthquake-proof.
jane: aleem maqbool outside the school. must be heartbreaking for the parents waiting for news. and the bbc's rajini vaidyanathan is also in mexico for us, and i spoke to her a brief time ago. there is obviously extensive damage where you are. how optimistic are people that they can find survivors? rajini: well, people still are holding out hope, but as aleem said in that report, the window by which the odds are of finding someone alive is closing. the rescue operation here is in full force. what you cannot see on camera, jane, are the hundreds of volunteers who are also here. in the distance, away from, obviously, the police cordon. they have turned up with bottles of water, with food. there is a tent over in the distance as well where volunteers are handing out medical kits, in case people
don't have time to go to the hospital and have minor injuries that they might have to treat themselves. i talked to the one of the women who was volunteering and handing out those medical kits. she was in tears as she spoke to me. she said that for her children it is really hard to explain what happened. she remembers the devastating earthquake here in 1985, which claimed close to 10,000 lives. she said even though she remembers that, even though she knows that living in mexico city comes with the risk of an earthquake, she never was really quite prepared to see what she saw today. on the upside, she says this is mexico. this is a place where people of any religion and race have come here today and have been offered water, food, and even just a hug. there really is a sense of solidarity at such a difficult time. jane: so people pulling together, but how nervous are they? this is the second earthquake in as many weeks. rajini: well, that is something
that many people do feel -- they fear aftershocks. there are a lot of people holding cardboard signs that say "don't smoke." in fact, someone came up to me, not that i smoke, because i don't, but told me not to use my mobile phone. that is because in the aftermath of the earthquake, there were many gas leaks. one of the fears people have , aside from aftershocks, is the possibility of there being gas explosions because of the many gas leaks. also, there are infrastructure problems here that people have to contend with, the loss of power for millions of people in the city, the roads that have closed. mexico city is one of the most populous cities in the world. as you look around today, as i look around today, i see signs of life, people are getting back to life in mexico. but of course, that comes with challenges after such a devastating earthquake. thererajini vaidyanathan
in mexico city. for more on this story and the destruction caused by the quake, i'm joined from pasadena, california, by a seismologist. thank you for joining me. why is there so much damage in mexico city, when the epicenter was some 80 miles away? >> well, mexico city is built on a dry lake bed that has very, very loose soils. anytime the seismic waves go into looser soils, they slow down and get bigger and continued to carry the same amount of energy. here in pasadena, we see an application of a factor of two. in los angeles, factor of five. in mexico city, it is 100 times increase comes up every great causes more damage in mexico city. jane: but does magnitude actually matter, then? it seems that some smaller earthquakes cause more damage. only onemagnitude is piece. that is how much energy is
released the earthquake. what is equally important is how far it is from you. was for this ago out and did not cause shaking in mexico city. whereas this earthquake was much closer. it is three things -- magnitude from your distance from the fault, and your soils. jane: this is the second earthquake mexico has experienced in as many weeks. is that significant? does that say that there was a pattern here? >> yes, the first earthquake triggers the second, because every earthquake makes another earthquake more likely. the fact that he was in some sense an aftershock does not make another big earthquake more likely to it just triggers an earthquake. human beings hate the randomness of earthquakes, and we tried to form patterns. the only pattern that bears up under statistics is the pattern of aftershocks that you and the numbere,
dies off with distance. because it dies off with distance can only mexico is seeing an increased rate right now. jane: what does it mean that another really big one could be on the way? >> every magnitude seven could be a precursor to another one. this one isn't more likely because it was preceded by the 8. jane: how bitter are we at predicting earthquakes? >> we are extremely good at predicting the impact, the spatial distribution, where the falls are -- faults are, that sort of thing. we find the predicting of time on the human timescales to be completely impossible. jane: lucie jones, thank you very much indeed for joining us from pasadena, california. now to the second natural disaster we're tracking tonight. hurricane maria has hit puerto
rico with winds of over 150 miles per hour. officials there say the entire island is without power, and it was widespread flooding. making matters worse, many of the islands fell victim to hurricane irma earlier this month. will grant is in puerto rico, and sent this report. will: there is still no end in sight to this uncommonly powerful hurricane season in the atlantic. the longer it goes on, the more records it seems to break. hurricane maria now the strongest storm to make landfall in puerto rico in almost a century. when it hit, it certainly felt like it. maria struck the island with winds of up to 165 mile per hour, and dumped as much as 25 inches of rainfall in some areas along its path. that was on top of everything hurricane irma did here very -- did here barely a week ago. the tiny island of dominica was
directly in the path of the storm, and apparently suffered some of the worst of the damage. the country's prime minister described the situation as it was unfolding, calling the damage mind-boggling. maria is slow-moving, creeping its way over puerto rico, meaning the window for potential damage and destruction lasted for many hours. the islands' authorities had tried to prepare as best they could, with thousands housed in evacuation shelters. others took refuge with friends and family. >> this is absolutely the worst hurricane experience i have had. we have lived in puerto rico for about the last 30 years. we have experienced some. >> it was very loud. we heard a lot of glass breaking. we heard the waves and water hitting against the window. will: puerto ricans were relieved to have avoided the worst of hurricane irma, but it looks like they have not been so lucky this time around with hurricane maria.
many here fear the same kind of devastation seen elsewhere in the caribbean, all of this happening on an island that is, lest we forget, currently essentially bankrupt. manpower from the u.s. emergency agency fema is on hand, and millions in federal funds will be needed, particularly in the days to come. but most people in puerto rico cannot get think about the cleanup until they are sure it is safe to step out from their homes and shelters. once maria eventually moves on, they can begin to assess the extent of the damage left in her wake. for many communities, though, maria has finished off what irma left behind. will grant, bbc news, puerto rico. jane: one thing after another. the iranian president hassan rouhani has said that his country will respond decisively and resolutely if united states walks away from the nuclear deal the international community agreed to two years ago.
mr. rouhani was speaking to the u.n. general assembly a day after donald trump described the agreement as the worst deal ever signed. for the latest, i'm joined by laura trevelyan, who is at the u.n. laura, mr. trump also says that he has made a decision about what to to with the nuclear deal. do we have any idea what the decision might be? laura: jane come he strongly hinted yesterday when he addressed world leaders that he was not going to recertify the iran deal, which he is supposed to do before congress by the middle of october stop if he doesn't recertify the deal, it would open it up for congress to impose more sanctions. the fact of the matter is that the international atomic energy inncy has said that iran is compliance with the deal, european allies here say that iran is in compliance, and they are very worried about what would happen if the u.s. walked away from that deal. there is a key meeting happening
at the united nations tonight with all the foreign ministers the negotiated the deal -- the iranian foreign minister and u.s. secretary of state in the same room. the french president came up today with a proposal saying that perhaps we could amend the deal a bit and look at the americans, very worried about the provisions of the deal expiring in 2025 that they think could allow iran to resume work on the nuclear program. all of this is going on. the president says he has made up his mind already, and it looks like he is pointing to the exit. jane: so just in how much jeopardy is this deal? can america just walk away from this? laura: well, it is hanging by a thread right now. it is being reported that the head of u.s. strategic command has said that iran is in compliance in which is a pretty strong signal from a military leader, telegraphing to the president there are going to be issues if you walk away and from this. let's just say that president
trump re-freezes to recertify it. congress, it is up to them. do they slap sanctions on iran? i'm sure the house would. in the senate committee would come down to a couple of key senators, and there are and if senators who fancy themselves experts on foreign relations and they probably wouldn't want to unravel the iran deal. but if they did, that would be the u.s. slapping sanctions on european companies that are currently trading with iran, because sanctions have been lifted. it would be a real mess. president trump always said it , and maybe,al, jane just maybe, he is going to walk away from it. jane: do we'll wait and see. laura trevelyan at the u.n. for us. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, his art now fetches record prices. a new exhibit celebrates the wild world of jean-michel basquiat.
a court in pakistan has been hearing from prosecutors investigating the lynching of the university student who was falsely accused of blasphemy five months ago. the student must stripped, beaten, and shot by fellow students on the university of campus -- on the university campus. reporter: we're just down the road behind the security barrier where the suspects accused of involvement are being held him and it is where the special antiterrorism court they are being tried in his face. the trial began today, although the media has not been allowed in to witness the proceeding. she was a gifted journalism student and was lynched by a mob on his own university campus after being accused of having committed blasphemy, although police have said that the allegations against him were false. his death caused outrage in the
country, caught in her detail on mobile phone cameras. as you can imagine, it left his family devastated. >> in the history of this country, justice has never been served. that there has never been the level of mobilization that there is around this case. we see this as a test case for the government to justice is served from it will really help the image of pakistan. secunder: the court will sit between two to three days a week and it is not clear how long a trial will last, although trials and anti-terrorism courts are generally quicker than those in the normal criminal courts. there, thepoint national debate of some sort about attitudes to blasphemy in pakistan following this killing -- blasphemy is legally punishable by death in pakistan, and human rights groups say that blasphemy allegations are often used to settle personal vendettas. in the months following the killing, there have been no political moves at reforming
blasphemy laws in pakistan. jane: a look at some other news from around the world. spain's civil police have detained 14 catalan officials and raided regional government ministries aimed at organizing an independence referendum last month. thousands of catalans took to the streets in protest and the regional leader accused madrid of being oppressive, intimidating, and totalitarian. spanish prime minister many all of the way had been forced -- said the state had been forced to act. the united nations human rights chief says that the security council should consider imposing sanctions on myanmar over its muslims. of rohingya the government blames the ohingya are provoking the conflict. the manager of england's women's football team, was been
embroiled in allegations of racism and bullying, is about to step down. he was earlier accused by one of his players of making discriminatory remarks. he has denied the allegations, and has been cleared of wrongdoing by 2 separate investigations. wasye banks there basquiat. jean-michel basquiat. of a suspected drug overdose in new york at the age of 27 in 1988. but earlier this year, one of his paintings sold for $110 million. and now the first large-scale exhibit of his work is going on show in london, as our arts editor reports. reporter: there is no mistaking a jean-michel basquiat painting. there is the sense of improvisation, the crudely drawn figure, and the lack of -- and the graphical what it rhythms -- graphic poetic rhythms, which are like a pictorial form of free jazz.
it is a visual language hardly -- partly inspired by picasso and partially inspired by new york's street art scene of the 1970's, producing work that continues to be influential to this day. >> i think it is true to say that a lot of artists working on the streets today take a lot of inspiration from basquiat's work and his attitude towards public space. he particularly made it around the soho district, where the galleries were. he wanted his work to be seen by the media, by the galleries. >> he was a man with a plan. >> i think he was a man of ambition. reporter: he became a well-known character on the scene. he made friends with andy warhol, and then, as he turned 20, made the very tricky transition from street artist to fine artist. >> he saw that his art career was just going to be massive. he knew that. he knew that he was going to be famous from the very beginning, the first time i spoke to him. the rest of us were making our art and try to impress the other 300 or 400 people downtown in the arts scene. basquiat was looking way past that.
he was looking at global domination. reporter: he became the toast of manhattan's super wealthy , called the jimi hendrix of art, the postmodern picasso. but he was, a long time after his death in 1988, largely overlooked by the art establishment. >> partly that has to do with him being black. there really wasn't a black presence at the highest levels, blue-chip levels of the art world. also, this sense of, black people, you are great at singing and dancing and all that, but the conceptual stuff, leave that to us, white europeans. that is really offensive, and that alone made him crazy. reporter: jean-michel basquiat's hybrid artworks, with their raw combination of graffiti and abstract painting, synthesized the cultural landscape of america in the 1970's and 1980's with the veracity and power few others could match.
jane: you will be able to find basquiat's art and all the day's news online. i'm jane o'brien. thank you very much for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, disaster strikes twice-- amid rubble and ruin, the death toll climbs in mexico after a devastating earthquake flattens scores of buildings, including a school. then, hurricane maria pummels puerto rico with powerful winds after leaving deadly destruction in dominica. plus, republicans' new and urgent push on health care-- we break down the details of the latest controversial attempt to repeal the affordable care act. and, i sit down with former new york city mayor michael bloomberg to talk president trump's u.n. speech and why he believes immigration reform is an important economic issue.