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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  February 7, 2018 3:00pm-4:01pm PST

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> yang: good evening. i'm john yang. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: senate leaders reach a two-year budget deal. we break down the numbers and the political headwinds ahead in the house of representatives. then, marching orders. what's behind president trump's request for a grand military parade in the nation's capital. plh, as germans wrestle wit the influx of refugees, a crime wave complicates their immigratiodebate. this is a place that hasna traditioy been tolerant. it has welcomed refugees. but what they're saying is that if murder can happensmall town like kandel, it can happen anywhere else in germany. >> yang: all that anmore, on tonight's pbs newshour.
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>> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing probls-- >> the lemelson foundation. committed to improving lives through invention, in the u.s. and developing countries. on the web at >> supported by the john d. and therine t. macarthur foundation. committed to building a more just, verdant and peaceful world. more information at >> and with the ongoing support of these ititutions: >> this program was made possible by the corpn for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> yang: senate leaders are
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saying tonight they have made a "genuine breakthrough" on the budget stalemate. but in the house, leading lawmakers say there's still all big o climb, to avert a government shutdown tomorrow night. lisa desjardins begins our coverage. >> reporter: from a congress usually frozen in gridlock, came one of the largest bipartisan budget deals in recent history. >> i am pleased to announce that our bipartisan, bicameral negotiations on defense spending and other priorities have yielded a significant agreementr orter: senate republican leader mitch mcconnell announced the agreement, which he and democratic leader chuck schumer managed to hammer out t the paee days. >> i believe that we've reacd a budget deal that neither side loves, but that both sides can be proud of. that's compromise. that's governing. that's what we shouloing more of in this body. >> reporter: the deal centers around the over-$1 trillion in spending congress controls.
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defense and non-defense nearly split that total, and both would have faced budget cuts. this pposal would increase both, boosting defense about $160 billion, and non-defense about $130 billion. that erases budget cuts, and adds more as well in all, it's about $300 billion in increased spending over two years. about two-thirds of that, most of it, is not paid for and would add to the deficit. but those in charge in congresst and he white house praised the mega-deal as well worth it, for granting budget stability and strengthening the militaryd e rest of government. from the house armed services chairman, matt thornberry... >> if you vote yes, you're voting to fix the military. and ifou vote no, you're voting against fixing the military. >> reporter: president trump's press secretary sarah sanders: >> this deal achieve priority: a much-needed increase
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in funding for our national defense. the bottom line is that, thanks to president trump, we can now y have the strongest milit have ever had. >> reporter: and that is just the beginning of the deal. it includes billions to fight the opioid crisis, for community health centers, a longer extension of the children's health insurance pro, and even a special committee to deal with miners' and others pensions. but it wasn't all cheers the most conservative members, exiting thmeeting where they oparned of the deal, were enly hostile to it. freedom caus chairman mark meadows: >> i guess a number of us are just concerned aut the fiscal reality of a bill that will come down on our grandkids. obviously, i consider the president a close personal friend, and even if he called me to ask me to vote for this, i'm afra the answer would still "no." >> reporter: and meanwhile, on the floor of the house:>> 'd like to talk as long as my leadership minute will allow. >> reporter: the democraticty
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minoeader, nancy pelosi, held an exceedingly bure sort of fier, turning her alloted one-minute of time into hours, all about so-cald those brought to the u.s. ilgally as children. she said she could not support a buaet deal until there was guaranteed path for a bill to protect dreamers in the use. >> that is a simple request, ts that is a simple request, that house democand in bipartisan way, others, ve joined in asking them to bring bill to floor. >> reporter: senate republicans have promised a debate on the dreamers' status. >> speaker ryan sent a statement
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out urging republicans to vote fothis dal. he stressed this is the way to end this cycle of sho-term budget fix we've been in for so long, john. >> so, lisa, the speaker on boar o the white house is board. why is its future in the house st wl uncertain? l, it comes down to the votes. let's think about this, how it works with the republin party. right now, a majority in the house, john, is 216 vote bs. thatcause there are some vacancies. republicans have 238 members so, they can spare 22 votes. aowever, the conservative freedom caucuss 30-40 votes. if that entire caucus votes no, the republicans will come up shoroof the votes needed t paz this bill. and tonight, we know that some members of that caucus are "no" votes. we just don't know how many.nt i also wo stress this is very different than the atmosphere on the senate side.s i nning back and forth between the two. and the senate was an oasis of calm consideration, many republicans not telling where
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they will land, but telling me off the records they believe they will be a "yes." >> part of that happening notr very fay from you where you're standing right now. in your taped piece, you showed us nancy pelosi, the minority leader, from this morning,ishe till up, she is still speak, more than seven hours later. the hotuse historian says i's a record. explain to us, how is she able to expand this leadership minute into more than seven hours? and what's the significance of what she's doing? >> i cannot stress ho unusual this is. this is something that we've seen on the senate side for decades and decades, this kind of speaking-- stually, it' gotten kind of out of vogue to take to the floor and do this kind of long speech she has. she is doing this, i think, for two points, she wants to extract from speaker ryan that a vote on the deerms will get to a vote on the house floor. on the other hand, she has something thn to proher own base, the creche hispanic
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caucus, and hispanics in general, those whore big supporters of dreamer protection, are unhappy with her and democratic leadership. they feel that they have not gone far enough, and that they're making a budget deal without getting kind of a promise on the dreamers. now, democratic leader says we are trustg the senate process, which will begin next week. there's an entire different debate on immigration. but nancy peosi has to show her stamina and dedication to this issue. john, her real test will come in the next day when we thing budget deal will come to the use and she is going t have to decide if she will vote yes or no, or if she will have her caucus vote yes or no. those votes may be needed to prevent a shutdown. >> she talked about her vote. she said she's likely to oppose it. but is she likely to bring the caucus with her? >> that's the main question. again, vote counting is just under way. it's not clear how many democrats will be needed to prevent a government shutdown. so she's being careful in her wording, too, because it's not clear how many of her members will be needed to walk the
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plank, as they say, up here tonight. there's a in flux. >> let's go bck to the deal struck behind you in the senate. what cels in this bill besides e spending? >> all right, so i want you and everyone at home to maybe look at your watch because i'm goitog apologize. this is going to take a minute. this is an enormous, enormous deal. we only have three pages of a summary. orting and talking to dozens of members and staff who have worked on this, sit back. isre's what else is in t deal, other than a spending agreement. .90 billion disaster aid that's for florida, teixeira the virgin islands, puerto rico.ll $20 n for infrastructure, $6 billion for the opioid cries, vall of thoseer two years. and there's more. the children's health insurance program. that has a 10-year extension. that's four more years than eviously. community health centers-- two years of funding. med medicare, there's a part "d" donut hole next year. that is closed in this deal. also a repeal of ipab, an
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ard designed to cut spending in medicare, some consumers don't like it. that is repealein this deal. and, john, there's even more-- i feel like some strange game show host. this bill would raise the debt ceiling another year until 2019. that's incredibly significant. and it wouldlso form new budget supercommit. that's a word we haven't heard in a while, when the last supercommittee did not complete its the ideais to try to reform the entire budget process. bi's a noing committee, but there are ways in which whatever they come up with could get vote. i think the big point, john, here, is information haven't really seen this bill they're still working on a summary on the senate side. and we expect a vote potentially within hours, maybe tomorrow morning, on the senate side. it's quite a lot that's in here. >> we've got about 30on sec left, lisa. explain to us the significance of pulling off those budget caps r two years, which is what the senate deal would do. redibly significant i ran the math on this, john, and, essentially, based on current law, this we a
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double-digit, over 10% increase in government spnding, and expansion of the u.s. military, and, also, an expansion of much of the rest of government. it would protect the arts, sciences, social programs-- some of them-- that the democrats have been worri but it would also be a big boost to the military. of course, there's a lot of concern about all at red ik as well. >> lisa desjardins. everything you could possibly want tknow about th senate budget deal. thanks a lot. >> my pleasure. >> yang: in the day's other news, the tumult on wall street eabit, as the market spent the day trying to get its bearings. the dow joneindustrial average dropped 120 points at the open, then rallied back before finallo settlinr. in the end, the dow lost 19 points, to close 893. the nasdaq fell nearly 64 points, and the s&p 500 slipped 13 white house aide is resigning after his two ex-wives accused him of domestic abuse, including punching and choking. rob porter is staff secretary,
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overseeing scheduling and document flow in the west wing. white house press secretary sarah sanders praised his job performance. >> i can tell you that rob porter has been effective in his role as staff secretary. thffpresident and chief of s have had full confidence and trust in his abilities and his performanc >> yang: porter called the allegations against him "outrageous" and "simply false." he said he'll st on long enough to ensure a smooth transition to his successor. reports of sexual assault doubled at west int in the last school year. an associated press review of records found there were c es at the u.s. military academy, nearly twice the number from the previous school year. officials cited increasedto effortncourage victims to come forward. assault reports increased only sligly at the naval and air force academies. vice president pence warned today that north korea will soon face even more punishing economic sanctions, although he gave no details. the vice president spoke in
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tokyo, at a joint news conference with japaneme minister shinzo abe. >> i'm announcing today that the united states of america will soon unveil the toughest and most aggresse round of economic sanctions on north korea ever. atd we will continue to is north korea, until it abandons its nuclear and ballistic ogram once and for all. yang: mr. pence is in the region to lead the u.s. delegation to the opening ceremonies of the winter olympics in south korea. he has not ruled out meeting with north korean officials at the games, but he also said he'll rend the world that north korea is the "most tyrannical and oppressiveth regime" on e in south korea, two days before the opening ceremonies, olympic organizers are scrambling to contain an outbreak of the norovirus. so far, 32 security workers have been treated for the highly contagious virus that causes vomiting and diarrhea, and 1,200 guards have been quarantined as a poocaution. 900 have been brought in to help secure the olympic
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venues until the grds are cleared to return to work. germany's ruling conservive party clinched a deal today, ending a political deadlock. they reached agreement with the center-left social democrats on a new coalition government, more than four months after the election.ha in berlin, cellor angela merkel hailed the new deal as a "new awakening for europe." >> ( translated ): the people had two justified demands for us. firstly, do finally form a government, and a stable government. secondly, during the negotiations, do consider the nes and interests of the people. i am convinced the coalition contract which we have agreed eon can be exactly that, foundation of a good and stable government which our country needs, and which, by the way, many in the wo us, too. from >> yang: the deal is subject to approval by the sdeial crats' party members, a process that could take several weeks.os the ngeles times" is getting a new owner. l.a. billionaire physician
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patrick soon-shiong will buy the paper from chicago's tronc incorporated. he's paying $500 million for the "times" and several other california publications. the "times" has been beset by budget and staffing cuts. and, it now appears the earliest-known britons looked very dferent from their modern-day descendants. scientists emined d.n.a. from a 10,000-year-old skeleton. a reconstruction based on that data indicates he had dark skin, curly hair and blue eyes e finding underscores the growing evidence that the lighter skin tone of modern-day europeans is a relatively recent phenomenon. still to come on the nshour: two views from capitol hill on the proposed deal to avoid a government shutdown. the president's plan for a military parade, like the one he saw in france. the fall of a casino mogul amid sexual misconduct allegations. and the implications for the hospitality industry. and, much more. y
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g: we return now to the senate budget deal, and a look at its uncertain future in the house. we get two views. first, i spoke a short time ago to california democrat pete aguilar. he's a member of the congressional hispanic caucus, and says the deal is incomplete. >> you know, we haven't seen the complete deal of whatthe seate agreed to, but we've heard a lot of wide reports, obviously, thet e going to change the c.r. that was sent their way, and add the budget caps deal. you know, we just think it's incomplete. we think that there needs to be a daca fix included in this, or at least the concrete commitmene by the sper that this will be addressed. mitch mcconnell made that commitment to senate republicans and democrats, and we want a similar commitment that we will address this daca issue. we have a bi, a bipartisan,
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willeral bill now, that put this behind us, and that's what we'd like to sea degrees.p >> how secific of a promise do you need from the speak tore get to "yes?" do you need a promise that al specific bll come to the floor, that a process will be in place in terms of the rule and what will be considered, what amendments will be considered? >> all we want say fair process if it is a fair process that is open for debate and opefon r discussion, you know, what we think? we actually think, put allhese immigration bills on the house floor, and let us debate these, and let us talk to the american people about what's at sta'r. and confident that a good, strong, bipartisan bill wilsul , something similar to what understand representative will herd and ihave put together. so put a conservative bill on the floor, but our bill on the floor, but them all on the floor and let's vote on them and show the american people t can solve this issue. >> i know you're active in the hi anic caucus. u think the caucus is going to take an official position on this, on this bill? >> i do. on the bill or on what
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senate sends? >> on what's coming over from the senate? >> sure, i think that they are. i think that the hispanic caucus is going to joia growing course in the democratic caucus that will oppose what the senate is sending our way until have a solution to daca or a commitment from the speak tor put this on the floor. >> now, i know ur district in the inland empire east of los angeles, you've got hard hit in the real estate crisis.t there are a f things in this bill that would help your district: the community health, childhood heogth insurance m. is putting those-- saying no to e-ose things you think worth the fight that youyou want to have here? >> well, we made a commitment to these dreamers. wee got to address this issue. there's a lot in this bill-- as i mentioned, there's a lot in this bid and the buget caps agreement that is good, that is good for our communities, but at the end of the day, it's still incomplete. we need a process that will address daca and move past this. but, look, the republicans
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control the exphowts senate.ns it's their resility to govern and to put a bill that will pass both houses if th want to pass a c.r., which, by the way, is only a patchwork that the management leaders and our defense leaders don't want. they want a real solution. this isn't tha so in the meantime, let's continue to have this discussion. let's continue to fous on daca. while there are many god things in this bill, it is still incomple . >> you're e house appropriations commit nepdeal that's coming over from the senate, tas off the spending caps for defense and domesticng spenor two years. isn't that something that would help things on the propriations committee? >> well, it would offer certaintiy for the appropriations commioee. that's ately true. what we don't have are all the categories of spending, and what that deakl looks e implementing these budget caps. so there's still quite a bit that we don't know ab touthis deal. and while it offers two-year certaintiy window, there's stale lot that we don't know and a lon
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thatrns us. and that's why i think it's an icomplete deal because it doesn't address dak andt doesn't address all of the priorities that we've indicated this important. >> and you're willing to a government shutdown, if it comes to it. >> i don't want a government shutdown. i either want the caps removedor from thisi want a commitment from the speak they're he'll address this issue. nobody wants aovernment shutdown. nobody is rooting for that. all we want i for t daca issue to be addressed, which is what the president hasd promi the american. but people in mind last yewhar the president said this country needs is a good shutdor. earlthisec week, just yesterday, he said there will be a shutdown. i think the only one root fairg shutdown is president trump. >> pete aguilar from california, thank you so much for joini us. >> thank you. >> yang: for a different perspective, let's turn to alabama congressman mo brooks. he is a member of the conservative freedom caucus. mr. brooks, thanks for joining us. i know earlier in the day you saidnou were not just a" on this deal from the senate.
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you were a "hell no." what are your objections? what don't youhike aboutis? >> well what, i don't like is this legislation eventually will cause the united sta america, one of the greatest nations the world has evero known, to into insolvency and bankruptcy. that will have a cascading effect oat will cst american lives as they lose health care, as they lose access to public housing, as they lose access to food supplements that are provided by the federal government. it would be a catastrophic effect on america as we know it. and, quite frouankly, it destroy the america that took ldr ancestors centuries of sacrifice to bu that's the reason to be against this bill is that, yeah, itot spends a wholef money. but you know what? it doesn't pay for it. at it does is it bor toes. and that means it's putting thek burden-- ods and grandkids, except our financial circumstances are s dire. we're no longer talking about our kids and granddaughters,ing it people living today who will have to suffer thatburden and we simply can't do that to our
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country. >> earlier today, the chaman of the med services committee, said if you vote no you're voting againsthe military. you've got a lot of military workers at the redstone arsal in your district in huntsville. do you think that slaingz is going to be-- is going satisfy them? >> absolutely nop not. if we go into insolvency and bankruptcy, what gets paid first under the united states constitution? debt service. national defense is pretty close to the bo if we go into an insolvency and bankrupt of bankruptcy, you're looking at a situation where national defense could be zeroed out. that would have a devastating effect on the national security of the united states of america, and it would also cost 30,000 people pooem in my district jobs immediately. so long term-- and that's what i'm focused on is log trm-- this bill is devastating to national defense, and i'm not going to stand for it. y >> say you're looking at the long term, but in the-- is the short-term threat to a government shutdown for the government contractors, for nasa
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at hunville in your district, is that worth it? >> well, we don't need to shut downtown government. all we need to do is pass whatever legislation is necessary to properld national defense and every other aspect of the federal government. and we on the hou side, we have done that on numerous occasions, and we did it all back in september or early. the problem is chck shiew expert democrats in the senate, they want us to be in this coinuous resolution situation. they want to us continually be risking a government shutdown. and wish that they would decide ht's more important to fund national security toss putinous this kind of quandary on a regular basis with conditioning reolutions. now, to be fair, it's mitch mcconnell and the republicans who have insisted on 60-vote rule rather than a mere majority that has empowered the democrats in the uted states senate to be such troublemake whers it comes to avoiding these government shutdown risk on a regular basis. >> i want to be clear on what you want here. are you objecting to removing the caps, the spending caps that the senate is talking aboo ? oru just want that offset,
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that additional spending offset? >> iwant us to be financially responsible where we do not increase the risk ofa amer going through a debilitating insolvency and bankruptcy. just by waive example-- and i'm going to share sme data with you-- you remember we had four eonsecutive years of trillion-dollaricits. that resulted in large parts in republicans capturing the house, and worked hard to reduce that annual deficit to $438 billion three years agye. tws ago, it went in the wrong direction, up to $585 business bl. last year, it went in the wrong direction, $666 billion. with this bill, we're going to push the defic through the trillion-dollar mark. that's going to adversely affect credit markets. that's going to drive up interest rates. in turn, that's going to suppress the snarkt, and i think tou saw a little bit of that today as news sarted getting out as to how financially irresponsible this legislauon is and how more money the federal government is going to have to borrow. and you look at all the cascading effects of this legislation, and nobody who has any financial sense at all could
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possibly be for it.t we've already e congressional budget office, the government accountability office, thene comptroller gl of the united states, a year ago warning us that our current financia path,aise ntry, is unsustainab, which in accounting nguage is really, really bad, meanwhile we're heading towardsa insolven bankruptcy. and now you add to it a spending bill that increases our deficit by aleast $200 billion, that collectively with everything else causes us this year to blow through the trillion-dollar mark. with every single year theafter being in excess of $1 trillion in additional debt, and you can see that it's unsustainable, and that will collapse in time the government of the united states, when we no longer have the money to pay for the things that citizens are used to receiving. >> do you th the freedom caucuses a bloc is going to stand up against this? >> well, the freedom caucus, by and large, puts couny first. this is a no-brainer. quite frankly, the only fol who should be voting for this are the debt junkies, who love
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sustainable spending bills. but if you're going to be financially responsioie and you're to put country first, as much as we love some of the spending aspects of it,e we hav to vote no in order to save the solvency ofhe united ates of america. we pay these financial gurus to give us collective advice, and they're warning us. they're screamath us. they're putting the warnings in writing. and to nore it is financial folly. i suggest people look at what's going on in venezuela, where the inflation rate last year was 800%. where 75% of their population over a recent 12-month period had ane avrage weight loss of 19 pounds per person. that's 22 million to 23on mil people who can't get enough calories to sustain their body weight. do you really want america to go through that with an insolvency and bankruptcy of a central government? research venezuela. you'll see had it is. look at greece, a country that's been bailed out on three fferent occasions, and you'll see how bad it is. look at puerto rico, and you'll see how bad it is. we cannot let america go there. >> representative mo brooks of
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alabama. sir, thanks for joining us. >> thank you. >> yang: top white house and pentagon officials confirm that the esident wants a military parade in washington, and that plans are being drawn up. as white house correspondent yamiche alcindor reports, those marching orders from mr. trump have some raising ebrows, while others are rising to salute. >> reporter: it was a show of military might that left a lasting impression. president trump was the guest of honor at france's bastille day parade last july. it was still on his mind two l monter, when he saw french president emanuel macron at the u.n. general assembly.wa >> it one of the greatest parades i've ever seen. we may do something like that on ju 4th in washington, down pennsylvania avenue. >> reporter: in january, mr.
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trump gave marching orders to do just that. it hapned at a meeting with secretary of defense jim mattis and general joseph dunford, chair of the joint chiefs of staff. last night, the "washington post's" greg jaffe repon what the president said about a parade. >> he made no secret of the ct that he wanted one. oen you say that in fronta room of generals, i think they tend to take it as an order, and i think that's what happened there. >> reporter: now, the pentagonha confirms ibegun working on the details. the last large-scale military parade in washgton was in 1991. president george h.w. bush ordered that one to celebrate the end of the gulf war. it featured almost 9,000 troops and attracted 200,000 bystanders. the price tag: $8 million-- or more than $14 million in today's dollars.oc today, demtic senator ben cardin of maryland said it would be the wrong way to use taxpayer money. >> first of all, there's a cost issue involved here. secondly, america doesn't ha
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to display its military might-- the world understands our strength. >> reporter: at the white house, secretary mattis was asked about the cost. he has been saying the militaryo is on funds. >> we're all aware of, in this country, of the president's fection and respect for the military. we've been putting together some options, we'll sending them up to the white house for a cision. >> reporter: greg jaffe says a parade also presents a logistical challenge for the pentagon. >> it involves taking equipment off-line, so they're not training with it. it's costly. so i think there's not a lot ofn usiasm for this idea, especially among the rank and file in the pentagon. eporter: but republican senator richard shelby of alabama welcomes thehance to celebrate the military. >> i think that's probably good for the country, always, if we praise our soldiers, whether it's washington, d.c. or it's birmingham, alabama or new york city. we've had that in the past. >> reporter: throughout the cold war, the unitedtes
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refrained from public displays of military force. it aided comparisons withso et soldiers and tanks routinely parading through moscow. in 2018, a u.s. military parade could draw comparisons with north korea. kim jong-un makes a show of parading his weapons, as his military did last april. but greg jaffe suggests that, for president trump, breaking with precedent could be part of the appeal. >> other presidents don't hold parades, and i think trump views himself president.nt kind of >> reporter: indications are that the pentagon could aim to stage the parade around veterans day in november. for the pbs newshour, i'm yamiche alcindor.
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>> yang: stay with us. coming up on the nshour: the spike in crime that's being blamed on migrants coming germany. and, a new book from one of the newshour's own. but first, a billionaire casino magnate from las vegas steps down from his company after multiple allegations of sexual wrongdoing. as william brangham reports, it's not just of one of the titans of key player in national republican politics. >> brangham: stephen wynn helped turn l vegas into the multibillion-dollar tourist mecca it is today. as c.e.o. of wynn resorts, he built the bellagio, the mirage, the wynn hotel, emblazoning his name and image on them, and the city. eynn was also the fina chairman of the republican national committee, and a big g.o.p. donor. but all that came crashing down when the "wall street journal" published a story alleging a years-long pattern of harassment and sexual coercion by wynn
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against his employees. the "journal" reported that one of them was paid a $7 million settlement. wynn has dend all the allegations against him, calling them "eposterous." rick velotta has been covering this story for the "las vegas review journal," which we shoulo point out ed by sheldon adelson, who is also a big g.o.p. donor, and a competitor of steve wynn's in the casino business, in vegas and elsewhere. rick velotta, welcome the newshour. could you just lay out what the allegations are against steve wynn? >>s ell, right now, itder investigation that he coerced some of his female employees to give him massages, and then to have sex with him in some of t s the-e of the hotel rooms at the wynn las veg t. re are some allegations, i take it, he was asking iitresses not to lose wt in the past. there are some other allegations. you can explain those as well? >> yes, this was actually several years ago when there was
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some big controversy about how he felt like some of the women employees just did not look as good as they could have looked. so he brought them all into a room, talked to theabout the fact that they needed to lose weight, and then he set a standard by which they had only a certain amount of pounds that they could gain from the m that they were hired in order to keep their jobs. >> ad we should alsoy, there was a story that your paper admitted recently that it had spiked back in the late 1990s that detail some other allegations against wynn. can you tell bus those? >> sure, there are so allegations that he handpicked several employees that he wantev to hintimate relations with. one of those was tha grand, and one of the things that he said was he wanted to have a grandmother because he didn't know-- he wanted to see what it felt like. >> again, we should reiterate, that steve wynn has said-- anatley denies all of these allegations, paspresent. >> exactly. >> for those of us who are not
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that familiar with him, can you tell us a little bit about steva wy his stature and role in las vegas? >> steve wynn is considered to be the mover and shaker of the community. over the-- over a period of time, from the late 80s t the early 2000s, las vegas was going through a metamorphosis, and he was leading the way with every property tat he built. you mentioned the mirage, where a volcano erupts every 15 ninutes. you meoned the bellagio, where dancing waters are, you know, a lake in fro of the building. all these things were attracting people from all across the country, and the thing was yout wanted to seese things. you wanted to come to las vegas just to check them out. so people would come here. so he's considered kind of a hero in terms of building the community that has drawn so mans visi we're now up to 43 million a year. >> with cases likearvey weinstein, once the allegations came out, everybody in hollywood said, "yeah, we ha known about this for a long period of time."
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was there a sense that there were rumoors abut steve wynn? i mean, did this come as a bolt out of the blue? >> no, it wasn't a bolt out of the blue because i think that the same types of allegations were being discussed across las vegas in many ways. but mr. wynn, is also a very powerful individual, held on to the fact that yld be fired by him, you know, if you didn't complyith what he wanted. there were a lot of people who feared for their jobst. sorefore, you know, it was one of those things where this just kept going on and on. and we have documentation that it happened up to three decades ago. >> as i mentioned before, he wa nance chair of the g.o.p., of the republican national committee, and a big donor. do you have any sense-- i know there have been lot of calls that members of the g.o.p. return money that he helped raise for the party. do you have any sense what this scandal might do to his standpointure within the party? >> well, it's kind of hard to tell because one of the first
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things he degnnse resi that republican position. and he's been active in pol for all his career, on both sides of the aisle, i might add. before he was republican national chair, he was often donating to other causes, depending on which candidate best met his needs, as far assi his ss was concerned. >> he, obviously, has a lot of ongoing projects going. and i'm just curious what your sense of th fallout is this going to be? i mean, he's got projects in bostmo. he's gote in vegas. he has interest this china. hose-- your sense of how are those in jeopardy now? >> well, it's kind of hard to say. it's a lttle bit too early because he's only stepped down less than 24 hours ago, and the synn board of directors named a new c.e.o., math eye maddux. the feeling i'm getting is they ho a to continue busines usual, but it's very difficult n, fill the shoes of steve wyn somebody who everybody has respected over the years who has had that creativity to build- what i- what is today's las
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vegas. >> and lastly, just quickly, what are the ongoing investigations, and what might they be looking into?e >> se are being conducted by three regulatory organizations-- the nevada gaming control borkd the massachusetts gaming commission, and the regyulat body in macow. also his own board ofr ditors is conducting its own in- investigation. what they want to do is find out exactly what happened, if anybody-- if tre were some breakdowns within the company in terms of repti to h.r. some of the these things that were going on. and it's possible that the regulatorsthe gaming regulators, could penalize mr. wynn even more. they could reoke his license. they could fine the company a large sum of money, li seven figures. >> all rig, rick velotta of the "las vegas review journal", thanks very much. thanks for having me.
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>> yang: as we reported earlier, german chancelloanangela merkel unced a deal to form a new coalition government. in the last election, e lost seats in parliament to the right-wing "alternative for germany party," or.f.d. a big issue was her decision to open the borders to more than a million mi 2015.and refugees in now, with a.f.d. the main opposition party, merkel is facing demands to step up deportations of young male migrants. s cial correspondent malcolm brabant reports, that follows a finding that they are largely responsible for an increase of violent crime in germany. >> reporter: a brutal murder in kandel, southern germany cas placed thentry's open door immiation policy under inten scrutiny. these marchers demanded protection and securitfor women and children, after a 15-year-old local girl, mia valentin, was stabbed to deathby
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a young afghan asylum seeker. her alleged killer clabued to be 15, there are suggestionsol that he war, exploiting a system which forbids the deportation of minors. lawyer martina boeswald: >> ( translat): i am a mother of three children, and we are here together to proteinst the aggressivity of people who are grabbing our children, and who are bringing fear in our country. we want to live in peace. and this is the fault of angela merkel. >> reporter: the demonstration in kandel was nominally organized a women's alliance, but the anti-immigrant a.f.d., or alternative for germany party, was well represented. myriam kern is a former a.f.d. councillor: >> ( translated ): since germany has been pursuing the policy of open borders-- that is illegal, agait our constitution, against our law and order-- we have massive problems, as we do isnot know who comes into
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country.n we are not introl. we have lost control. we do not know what identity, what people are coming here. >> reporter: this is a place that has traditionally been tolerant. it has welcomed refugees. but what they're saying is that if murder can happen in a smalld town like ka, it can happen anywhere else in germany. the marchers chanted that merkel must go, along with other slogans decrying germany's multiculturalismin andel's main square, they were confronted by anti-racisms advocao accused them of purveying nazi propaganda. >> ( translated ): a girl has been killed, and that's all. she isn't killed because she's german and someone is a foreigner. she's just been killed, and you mustn't make demonstration here against foreigners. >> ( translated ): naturally, one has to do something againsti crime, yes, thalready the nature of the world.
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but here, it is not about the crime anymore. here, it is about simp vilifying people that come here seeking help. they want to get rid of them. >> reporter: but a new government-sponsored crime study has generated more gloom for supporters of germany's liberal migration policy. it was conducted in lower saxony, the country's fourth largest state, where violent crime rose by 10% between 2014 and '16. the impact can be seen at hannover's main station, where large squads of police are on duty. rising crime has been added to the burden of anti-terrorist duties. according to the study's author, christn pfeiffer, 92% of the violent crime increase is attributed to younmale migrants, especially those from north africa. >> ( translated ): the social opportunities of refugees from war to be able to stay in germany are very good. they were told, no wrong movements, no crimes, and you have a good chance of being able to remain. but e north africans arrive here and discover that they all
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have to go home again and are not wanted here, and so theyte become frustand react aggressively. >> reporter: but pfeiffer adat the proviso foreigner has a 44% chance of being reported orr a sex offense, whereas german, the figure drops to 18%. >> ( translat): the visibility of violent crime of refugees is y higher than the visibility of the german offenders, which has contributed to the storm about this survey. >> reporter: despite fears about crime, political analyst raphael bossong lieves most germans support immigration. >> ( translated ): there is a pesubstantial majority of le who haven't become terrified. y howeve, the political pressure with the right-wing populists is growing, and they use social media in a very sophisticated way, to take isolated incidents and really push them.te >> repor a case in point is the town of cottbus, near the wlish border, where there a protest this weekend against what's perceived as rising knife crime by syrian refugees. the town has stopped accepting
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any more migrants because of growing anxiety, but there was a larger, pro-refugee rally. among the protestors, mohamad al khodor. >> ( translated ): we are sorry that two of our countrymen created problems with knives. of course that is not good. we are here because we want all germans to know that not all foreigners are the same. >> reporter: back in hannover, kurdish protesters label turkey's president erdogan a terrorist after he launched military raids into the kurdish region of northern syria. e importation of middle eastern conflicts into germany is another strain on police resources, as they try to prevent citizens with rival ethnicities from harming each other. rainer wendt heads the union representing germany's police officers. he fears that levels of migrant reoted crime are only going get worse. >> ( translated ): whope that this is enough pressure within the ruling parties to come to a
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change of politics. which means, protect the borders better than they have, and prevent illegal migration into the country, and indeed, start a national offensive to deport more people who simply have no right to be here. and there, the delinquents need to be the first ones that are sent home. >> reporter: the chaing climate in germany dismays syrian refugee bashar hassoun, aio runs a berlin cafe tha to act as a bridge between people's races. >> ( translated ): i am ashamed, if i hear something on the news when a refugee has abused, or done something bad somewhere, in germany or europe. ntso, honestly, i don't o hear the news anymore, no matter what happens, the refugees have done this and that and that. i have been hunting for an apartment for three years, but i get no response becausi come from syria. the people are afraid of me and i have done nothing bad. >> reporter: voterct dissatisfan over immigration is the main reason why angela terkel's authority was punctured by the right-wing ative for germany. more than four months after the
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election, merkel has finally agreed to a coalition with the social democrats, who are liberal on immigration. duezen tekkal advised merkel on migration during coalition talks. tekkal is a yazidi, the iraqi minority subjected to genocide by the so-called islamic state. >> ( translated ): vionce is very much a taboo subject to talk about, especially when related to migration.we buave to be open and honest about it, and we need to talk about the connection thatna rally exists. >> reporter: at the berlin state assembly, the alternative for germany relishes being the country's main opposition. latest polls suggest it's gaining popularity at merkel's expense. regional leader georg pazderski says crime is a contributory factor. d ( translated ): ss very poorly with this problem, and what i really think is, she's not listening to the people. i think you can only cure the crime rate if you are closing the borders, just to find out who is in germany. and then also to be very strict,
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as far as crime is concerned. >> reporter: germany may have a new coalition, but as the demonstrations in kandel and cottbus clearly illustrated, the country is deeply divided. for the pbs newshour, i'mol mabrabant in germany. >> yang: now, a storove and marriage in a society undergoing tremendouge. jeffrey brown has the latest from our "newshour bookshelf," which mes from one of our own newshour family. >> brown: men and women come together, grow apart, struggle to hold on to love and it's an oly, of course, oct a new book offers an unusually intimate, in a place where tradition is colliding with 21st century global culture: mumbai, india. "the heart is a shifting sea" follows three indian couples over more than aecade, and i'm pleased to say its author is one of our own, my newshour
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colleague and arts producer, elizabeth flock. nice to talk to >>u in this way. hanks, jeff. >> brown: explaining first how this began. not just india, but love andge marr >> well, i moved to india about a decade ago, and at the time, for a combination of beng homesick and restless and broke, i ended up living with a mber of indian families. dnd there's, perhaps, no better way to unstand what's happening in a marriage than being inside the home. d i got reall interested in the indian marriage and in some of the changes -- there's emendous change happening in india-- social change, cultural change, political and economic-- and in the ways that that was placing pressure on these marriages. >> brown: you say ear, you have a quote early in the book, "in mumbai, people seem to practice a showy, imaginative kind of love with ano eyewards spectacle." >> sure. >> brown: what's that mean? >> well, i think thee's this idea of over-the-top showy declarations of love. if you watch bollywood films you always see this hape pen.
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the people in the book, maya, she sends her lover 13-tier cakeand gift wherever he's going. and some of this comes up on the of people's inability to be together. there is, of course, the pracd ce of arranrriages is very prevalent, and i think the people who cannot be with the people they love show their love in over the-the-top ways. >> brown: there is this clash of tradition with modernity. the couples you're dealing with aropmiddle-class couplesn to the world, but still so bound by arranged marriages, parental inlvement, right? >> uh-huh, yeah. and i think that's creating a lot of tension for peple and for couples. one thing they consistently saw is one half of the couple might be, you know, consuming western culture, changing ways. and the other half might be more tied to previous gerations. often it's the woman in the
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relationships that i followeddi because women are being educated more, going to work more. they're, in fact, watchin pornography more, maybe having more affairs, and in many cases, yoll see, perhaps in the couples i followed, husbands struggling to deal with at. brown: the women are all doing that, but, also, i mean,wh comes through continually is this continuing struggle for women, right. hu uh- >> brown: they are stilt inequities of marbage. >>lutely. i mean, arranged marriage is still very prevalent there are arranged marriages that are happy. there are some that are deeply unhappy. they're borne out of cruelty. indian women havbeen making their choices increasingly heard pup look at the #metoo movement in the a had that movement five years ago after the 2012 gang rape of a student, and at that time, thousands of women came out into the streets to say tha. was not ok
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>> brown: just use one example of three couples, maya and viar. if i ask you, what surprised you the most in getting to know these couples, if u look at them? >> yeah. i think it was, with all thrleee co that i would go back to them-- i would go to spend are rting trip, live with them, go to work with them, travel alongside them, and i would feel like i had a handle on their maecialg. and i would go bac a year later and find things were radically differen i might find they were on the verge of divorce and come back and things had changed, which i think is probably true of any marriage. >> brown: in any place. >> in any p but how radically things had changed. and i think part of that is this additional pressure on indian marriages because of how rapidly things are changing. >> brown: a lo of what you're detailing are stuff of a marriage anywhere, right? >> uh-huh. >> brown: getting together, having all kinds of stress. but, clearly, because of the detail here, clearly comes ththugh the waysat indian
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culture still impinges on thives personal side of life. >> yeah, and particularly for the middle claalss. three couples in this book are middle class. and there is this idea of middle-class morality anywhere in the world and want idea that people will talk, that even if you el like you might want to test the boundaries -- and in many cases the people in these couples were-- the neighborsl might , the wider community might talk, the in-laws who may live imyour hoe, in which case you're going to face repercussions r testing those bowbdries. >> brown: you were just talking about how much time you spent with them. and you're going through very stressful, painful other vulnerable times, right. how did you get people to allow you to do that? >> i think it was a product of time. you know, so often aa reporter, we have to parachute into places. we don't have much time to make sense of the story as fast as we can. and because i started this back in 2008, when i first got interested and t these cuples informally, i think over time, building that trust was really
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important. and, you know, still being around 10 years later, when people are sort of saying, "what are you still doing here?" i think that was really important. >> brown: were there moments along the way when they d,i "off bounds, off limits?" >> a little bit, and i'm sureer were some side conversation in languages where i didn't understand what was happenin but for the st part, i think people either forgot i wasa there,ybe a little bit, but more so, hoped that i would show tory.otality of their s >> brown: an important question, an inevitable question for an outsider tell th sto. any of us as journalists go into places and it's hard to tellab t an outside culture. but india has been particularly romanticized, rightee >> in >.>> brown: in many ways. how did yoavoid the clics? >> romanticized, idealized. but i think we often hear the salacious details f india. that can be frustrating to seeg only gpes or forced
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marriages or bolwood love. in this book i tried to show the reality of those things, but also show the bainal and mundan we value to deth within our marriages and our families which is, you know, very universal. and, also, to acknowledge the iches, you know, bollywood romance of lovers along the beach while the rain is coming down under amn ubrella, meeting on the beach because that's only tay they can have privacy because they're oing to get it in their joint family home, so meeting on a pblic beach is the most private place they can meet. acknowledging thar thosee cliches but their ubiquitous in india. >> brown: "the heart is a shifting sea," elizabeth flock, thank you very much. >> thank you, jeff. >> yang: and you can start reading a excerpt from "the heart is a shifting sea" on our website, and we hope you will
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and that's the newshour for tonight.i' john yang. join us online, and again here tomorrow evening. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thanks, and see you soon. major funding for the p newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. babbel's 10-15 minute lessons are available as an app, or online. more information on >> consumer cellular believes at wireless plans should reflect the amount of talk, text and data that you use. we offer a variety of no- contract wireless plans forle ho use their phone a little, a lot, or anything in between. to learn more, go to consum f >> supported brockefeller foundation. promoting the wellbeing of humanity around the worles by buildingience and inclusive economies. more at
3:56 pm >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and individus. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from vwers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh wes: this week on history detectives:
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how did this civil war-era tintype help reignite a fiery debate about african americans bearing arms for the confederacy? it's breathtakingly rare. s eduardo: what dis accounts ledger for a movie company have to do with the changing world of the lakota sioux? this is a warrior two worlds. gwendolyn: and how is this ornate document connected s ome of the earliest settlers of new york city and a multimillion-dollar land dispu? elvis costello: s ♪ watchin' the detecti ♪ i get so angry when the teardrops start ♪ ♪ but he can't be wounded 'cause he's got no heart ♪ ♪ watchin' the detectives ♪ it's just like watchin' the detectives ♪ ♪ watchin' the detectives