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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 12, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuingu ons for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you thin you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends sun all find their escape on the island with warmy days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are ave from most major airports.
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more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, im jane o'brien. is it time for the u.s. to engage with north korea? the u.s. secretary of state and in -- weighnt way in on possible talks. fixing the nuts and bolts of america, but who pays the bills? a bumpy road could lie ahead for president trump's infrastructure plan. and taking a spin back to the 1960's -- a new exhibit celebrates a decade of pop art, political ange, and groovy designs.
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jane: welcome to our viewers on public television and also around the globe. the olympics are well underway ula, but then peni political gamesmanship is grabbing a lot of the attention. u.s. vice president mike pence has opened the door to tal with pyongyang while stressing the importance of sanctions, but the u.s. secretary of state says it is still up to north korea to show sincerity. the bbc's laura bicker reports. ♪ laura: "let's meet again," they sing. on the right, a k-pop star, on the left, a pyongyang pinup. glance to thegic pa, which proves to emotional for the north korean head of state.
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imthis president moon sits even closer to kim jong-un's sister.s hinew friends are not welcomed by all. these hard-line conservatives burning the unification flag protest regularly. but this time, they see -dmsay the moonistration is turning its back on the u.s. while befriending north korea. this, however, does no like to world leaders at odds. this informal chat during an olympic speedskating event appears to have proved pivotal, and now mike pence says the u.s. will talk to north korea while still imposing sanctions. >> i think moon jae-in is not getting enough credit. people are cling this a north korean charm offensive. it is actually a south korean charm offensive. it is critical that the united states is clear on this, because there's only so much south korea can do on nuclear weapons. you have to remember, nor
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korea does not feel threatened by south korea's nuclear weapons, because south korea has none. laura: north korea is being warned it has to discuss at some point getting rid of nuclear weapons. secretary tilleon: they know what has to be on the table for conversations. we have said for some time that i think it is important that we -- we are going to have to have some discussions thaproceed -- precede any form of negotiation. laura: the north korean guests say farewell for now. president moon must decide if he will visit pyongyang. a lot could depend on america's next move. this takes away the policy which -- wedge u between t. and south korea, meaning they aren bothreement on how to deal with the north. it is also the first opportunity for meaningful talks to reduce tensions on the peninsula andha reduce thee of a military confrontation. laura bicker, bbc news, pyeongchang. jane: for more on the next move ebetween north korea and u.s., my colleague katty kay
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spoke with bill richa uson, the form. ambassador to the u.n., for her program "beyond 100 days." katty: is the u.s. on the same page at the moment as south korea when it cos to what to do about north korea, and specifically how to handle negotiations or otherwise with pyongyang? mr. riotardson: well, we're on the same page. south korea boxed the u.s. in , by announcing a potential summit with north korea, by the joint efforts of the olympics working together. but you have to recognize that the south koreans are the first linef attack. 25 million in seoul -- if there yis a north korean artill attack or nuclear attack or missile attack. so the south koreans are playing their politics, and thu.s. is kind of isolated here, but i think developments are positive. they are moving ct the right din. instead of talking about
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military options and preemptive strikes and bloody nose, the administration, even though diey are conting each other, are talking about possibly talks, preconditions of talks,no reconditions. it is confusing, but i think we are moving in the right auction, but i'm optimistic. katty: i'm glad you are confused, because i am, how did vice pnt pence handle olympic diplomacy when it came to south korea? mr. richardson: well, if i were him in his shoes, i would have just st a glance at kim jong-un's sister and smiled. but there is diplomacy iolved. you're not supposed to shake hands or show friendship with a essivey that you have ag relations with. that is diplomacy. but i would have done something in between. president obama was very good at this. at the u.n., he would shake the ha the venezuelans, the
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north he would enge the iranians. but i don't fault pence terribly. i like what he said on the w airplane, thare open to talks without preconditions. that is where the admiration have been policy-wise a long time ago. now, he has been contradicted a litt bit, not totally, by the secretary of state. the best step forward is let there be a good summit between north and soutkorea, which is possible, and then have a discussion with north korea on denuclearization. i think things are goi little better, but i am confused because of the mixed message that has happened within a few hours today by u.s. policy. jane: bill richardson speaking with my colleague kay. it was one of his big campaign promises, and today president trump released a $1.5 trillion tax plan to fix america's crumbling infrastructure.e speaking at ite house, mr. liump called on congress to
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authorize $200 bil to improve roads, ports, airports. he is hoping that states and the private sector will cover the rest. it is part of the trump administration's broader strategy to focus on u.s. priorities. president trump: as of a couple months ago, we have spent $7 trillion in the mile east. $7 trillion. what a mistake. .ut it is what it is it's what i took over. and we're trying to build roads and bridges and fix bridges that are falling down. we have a heart time getting the money. it is crazy. joined bymore, i'm the senior managing director at society of civil engineers. thanks for coming in. ydonald says this is a cr situation. just how bad is it? >> he is correct, and it is good that they this issue. light on
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the report card on america's infrastructure in 2017 looked at several critical categories of infrastructure and gave thel nation an overade of d+. we're looking at an annual funding gap in this countryf $200 billion a year, $2 trillion over 10 years.: ja is this money going to be enough? >> that may not be enough. evthe idea foraging money from the private sector and doing more public-private hapartnerships, as w seen in europe and other parts of the world, not a bad idea, but there are questions on capitol hill and other observers weather $200 billion in federal money or 10 $200 billion a year that is needed from all sectors of government and the private sector. jane: a lot of countries looking at america saying this is america, the richest country in the world. how could it possibly have allowed the infrastructure to get so bad? >> considering how important these systems are to being a healthy economy and competing
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internationay, it is a good estion, and i am at a loss to explain how we drifted into this collective is not neglect.ency jane: how much is it costing the economy to have the infrastructure in such a bad state? >> we did economic studies called "the failure to act"an -- people cook those up online. the current state of underinvestment in infrastructure is costing the average family in this country $3400 peayear. that i drag on the economy. at is about nine dollars day. for just a little under four dollars a day, maybeost of an expensive cup of coffee, we could start making investments to eliminate the gap. jane: where do you start? what is thriority? >> it is hard to say. we looked at 16 categories of infrastristure. ete critical issuery day. even though we have high quality drinking water, we have a water main break every two minutes in
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the country. we lose million gallons of treated water because of our leaking systems. people oftensp turn to trtation because that is above ground a they experience ten at a frustrating level every day. jane: when you look at things like water and transpoe ation, these etty vital. if you look for private investment, won't that end up costing taxpayers even more? >> it depends. the private sector can sometimes take a longer view on an issue and figure out a way to more efficiently or economically operate a system over 50 or 100 years. it is important to take a long view in tes of operation and maintenance on infrastructure facilities. it is notut all ahe lowest upfront capital costs. jane: very briefly, do you think it is possible to get a bipartisan deal on this? >> it is possible. infrastructure has always been a bipartisan issue in this country. in the last five years from 25 states of raised user fees, so
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i'm hoping that the federal rnment can continue that jane: thank you very much for joining me. a look at some of the days of the news. south africa's ruling african -- the day's other news. south africa's ruling african national congress has given president jacob zuma 48 hours to resign, according to the state broadcaster. the 75-year-old has resisted pressure to quit since december. president zuma faces a number of corruption charges after nine years in power. the wife of donald trump, jr., vanessa, has been taken to hospital after she opened a tter containing a white powder. the letter was addressed to her husband and sent to their apartment in new york.d she o others were decontaminated by firefighters as a precaution. it has since been found that the powder rescue workers have found the second black box from the passenger plane that crashed near moscow on sunday, killing all 71 people on board. hundreds of people are continuing to search for bodies and wreckage from the airliner. there are a number of possible
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causes for the crash, including bad weather, technical failure, thd human error. police have namethree british tourists killed in a helicopter crash in the grand canyon over the weekend. becky dobson, jason hill, and stuart hill died saturday evening, while three others on and the pilot were left injured. it is not clear what caused the accident. james cook reports. james: it is just before sheset in trand canyon, and a helicopter is ablaze. on board were three british couples and a local pilot. two men in white shirts approached one of the survivors, seen on the bottom right of the picture. three of the tourists died at the scene. w the stuart hill, a mercedes salesman ino brighton s celebrating his 30th birthday, and his girlfriend, becky dobson, a receptionist. she was 27. jason alsooth
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died. he was 32 years old. his girlfriend survived. ,so on board were newlywe seen here on the left at their wedding with becky and stuart. the friends had been saving up for the hoday for a year. all three who died had attended worthing college. >> as alumni of the college, they have gone on with her r youngs to enjoy th lives, going through the careers that they wanted, and to get to this stage in their life and die so young is devastating. mes: in the minutes after the crash, passengers and crew from other helicopters in the areash to help. they included a nurse. hen we finally got medic equipment down heere, i started ing with putting iv lines in, and another group came in with medications. i gave him fluids to prevent them going into shock and cap a epts a close eye and did
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what i could do. james: the helicopter took off from boulder city, nevada, and traveling to therand canyon, it crashed in arizona at 5:20 p.m. a dust storm meant rescue teams had to walk to the scene. it was:0 a.m., nearly nine hours later, before the survivors were flown to hospital. >> we were not able to extract them from the crash site until 2:00 this morning. high winds brought out dust conditions, and as younow, when you fly in treacherous conditions like this, you have to have special training and special people. james: the grand canyon is attractive and untamed, drawing visitors from all over the world. the touring company, papillon airways, flies around 600,000 people a year. this crash, involving a euro copter, is the firm's second fatal accident here. the three british survivors and the pilot are being treated at this hospital in las vegas. all four are said to b
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critical condition. jane: james cook reporting there. you are"b watchin world news america." tstill to come onight's program, risking it all to flee the violence and the democratic republic of congo. the bbc speaks to people trying to escape. the british antarctic survey has captured the first footage of an iceberg four times the size of london which broke away from the continent's ice sheet last year. british scientists are setting out on a voyage to study the seabed ecosystem exposed. before sunlight starts to affect it, t researchers will try to uncover secrets of a marine ford that was locked away thousands of years. they hope to learn more about the effect of global warming on the antarctic. rrour science coespondent victoria gill has alerted tales. thvictoria -- aldetails.
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victoria:n the new perspective a wave of floating ice. iceberg is 150 kilomete long, 50 kilometerse ide, and willout 150 meters deep. u will be able to see th first 20 meters above the water and everything else underneath. the trillion-ton iceberg is gradually drifting away from the antarcc continent and into the sea, and it is these ice-filled waters and the sea flows beneath them that scientists are eager to explore. in this vessel, a team has suended three weeks studying marine life locked away here for millennia. -- theyibed it described its a treacherous t urgent mission. there are likely to be new species discovered as researchers seek out the creatures who make their home beneath the vast ice sheet. >> we have no idea what is living underneath this huge ice shelf. we assume it is animals who are against at living without green
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food. we have the scavengers and carnivores. pect animals in the deep sea they don't have light as well. victoria: the team also hopes to understand the processes that caused the iceberg to break away. this could revl more about how is fragile frozen wilderness at the bottom of the world will chan as the climate warms. victia gill, bbc news. jane: a surge of violence in the democratic republic of congo has forced thousands to flee to neighboring uganda. during the past week, ethnic clashes intensified in the east of the country, sparking fears of a return to massacres last witnessed nearly 20 years ago, when tens of thousands were killed. the bbc has met some of those attempting to escape. this report does contain some disturbing images. reporter: this has become a safe haven.
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thousands of congolese arrive here daily, forced to run from ethnic violence. more than half of those fleeing are children. it is a perilousourney from the congolese border. some of the people are using vessels that are not. very sa we have reports of vessels like this one capsizing. but desperate refugees have little choe. they either risk being attacked and killed at home or dying in the water. this canoe was very close to the shore when it was overpowered by strong winds. it drowned 4 occupants. the body of a three-year-old was later washed up ashore. thlle of his relatives are s missing. only his father survived the accident >> i was traveling with my
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brother. my son and 2 other people -- i saw them to the shore. after heavy winds overturned it. reporter: the pain of losing an only child. for this 70-year-ohe hit in -- his family hid in the t bushs wh village was attacked. when he came out, he found that four of his children had been butchered. he then decided to rescue ghe remaining >> we could not bury them. they chopped them up. you can't even recognize them. i am sad. my heart is troubled. i don't know what we did to wrong them. reporter: many harrowing stories of survival here.
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cques tells me that 16 members of his w extended famie killed. the death toll from the clashes across the border is still unknown. this is the largest refugee flight from the drc since the ethnic massacre 20 years ago. more than 60,000 people were killed then. the conflict has kept it is residents poor, and the current flareup has driven them deeper into destitution. struggledzations have to deal with the influx. >> the numbers in relation to an howpeople come through -- we don't want to lose them, and this way we have people joining repothere are many more congolese on the other side of the border and we expect in the coming days, the refugees in
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ivwill continue to ahere in large numbers. here they hope for a new beginning. for some, like this mother of t three, this ir new home. her country of birth robbed her of her husband. she has vowed never to go back. jane: disturbing developments in the democratic republic of congo there. today at the natnal portrait gallery here in washington, the official portraits of president obama and his wife, michelle, were unveiled. mr. obama called his leness with the former president prettyst y backdrop, sharp, while mrs. obama sidley -- simply set of hers "wow."th amone in attendance were former vice president joe biden and hollywood luminaries like steven spielberg and tom hanks, and of course, me, although i only got a back seat. it was lovely to be there, 'hough.
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from andy warhols pop art to the civil rights movements, the 1960's were a decade of social and political change. a new exhibit at the philadelphia art museum is bringing together paintings, photographs, architecture, and fashion that highlighted this extraordinary time in erican cultur i went to have a look. revolutions, warsocial upheaval, and assassations but on the1960' front lines of culture, everything was groovy, bab designers and artists experimented with new forms, new materials, and a new age. >> consumer culture in the 1960's was a driving force ofin vation and experimentation. the new use of materials like plastic allowed for furniture beand design objects t mass-produced and miniaturized, and this goes along with the jet age. people are flying all over the world, and that is part of consumer culture.
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jane: i know small was supposed to be beautiful in the 1960's, but this tv isn't really practica is it? >> yeah, that's a great question. the screen is curved, so the image might be distorted, but it is bright and colorful and fun and you can take it an there wi chain on top. jane: what about the furniture? that looks very uncomfortable. >> i see that, but the curves of the sofa give you something tole into. there is some cushioning to give you support. i suppose all that missing is the lava lamp. >> yeah, designed in 1963, it would fit perfectly. jane: this was the jet age and also the space age. designers responded with it will boldns, unapologetic color, and an exuberance that matched the soaring ambitions of tie age. >> these are two ts created in anticipation and to commemorate the lunar landing in 1969, the summer of 1969. quite trippy, aren't they? jane: they are fabulous, but
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what would you do with them? they are textile make anwould interesting bedspread. jane: you do? h.>> y jane: not a dress. >> i don't think i would be walking around with rockets on my clothes, or astronauts, but that is just me. 0'ne: even in the 1960's. >> even in the 's. jane:re but tas a dark side to the pop. >> president kennedy died at 1:00 p.m. central standard time. jane: andy warhol appropriated the singular grief of jackiefo kennedmass consumption ass americoked for ways to publicly express their feelings. that collective emotion was further enhanced by television, the way that most people experienced the funeral of martin luther king aears later. wat a time when rigid nore breaking down, artists played openly with people's perceptions. the result that this exhibition demonstrates was far out.
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trippy, groovy -- i love saying those words. i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching "world news america." >> with the bbc news app, ourve rtical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latestad helines you can trust. download now from selected appor >> funding o presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all fi their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade wis, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airpts. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" wases ted by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, president trump unveils his latest vision for spen that discards balancing the budget, adding new plans to fix roads, bridges and airports. then, opposing putin: we talk with a candidate running against russia's psident in next month's election. plus, dispatches from the border. a former patrol agent grapples with the complthity of life on line between the u.s. and mexico. >> at the end of the dm putting you in a cell and i'm sending you back to this place thatou quite literally are risking your life to flee. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's p newshour.


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