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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 23, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing tions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> how do we shape our tomorrowi it starts th a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and th we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that eal newin the way to r possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial.ow >> and n, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. a year after fleeing myanmar, hundreds of rohingya muslims are in makeshift camps, facing an uncertain future. >> half of them are children, and theris little sign of them being able treturn home to the myanmar anytime soon. jane: beware of impeachment -- president trump warns peopl they may become poorer if congress takes that step. pres. trump: i don't ow how you can impeach somebody who has done a great job.
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i'll tell you what, if i get impeached, the market will crash. jane: and nearly 40 years after jimmy carter left the white house, he continues to serve in his own inimitle style. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. over the past year we have reported extensively on the plight of the rohingya refugees eeing myanmar. united nations warns that half a million young people caught up in the crisis are at risk of becoming a lost s neration. hundreds of thousa rohingyas live in overcrowdedca s in a neighboring bangladesh, and for girls there is a risk of sex.l exploitati this report is from cox's bazar in bangladesh. reporter: she never thought life would look like this.
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a year ago, she was enjoying school in myanmar. today she lives in a tiny shack in bangladesh in the world's biggest refugee camp. this 13-year-old orphan is now married and pregnant. her husband is 66. he is rarely home. with no family and no moy, she says no younger man would marrr. >> when i was young, i never thought i would marry an old man. now i have to marry i'm wothat now i am carrying a baby, and that this old man will die, and how then cll i raise my child? reporter: this wimed to be dhe moment last august that the burmese army and bst monks unleashed f rohingya muslims, a coordinated campaign of torture, rape, and murder, say human rights groups, that
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forced hundreds of thousands to flee. genocide iwhat many believe these young survivors witnessed. a year on, the makeshift wnelters that were th together now have a depressing permanence. they may be fed by aid agencies, but they are not are nearly a million rohingya refugees still trapped in the camp and bangladesh. half of them are children. there is little sign of themo being able tturn home to myanmar anytime soon. and so this sawling city of this there is where a whole generation is being forced to grow up. l around there is danger the weather, disease, and exploitation. "day and night my tears flow," she tells us. she says she could only watch as the burmese army murdered her husband. her 13-year-old daughter
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disappeared from the camp, thought to be abducted by traffickers. what happened to my daughter, nobody knows. only allah can say.n' i't think i will ever see her again. it has been one aughter would have come back to me. reporter: thcrimes inflicted the rohingya last year are still destroying countless young lives. we meet a 15-year-old. she was forced into sex work after arriving in bangladesh and now says it is the only way toe. surv >> i want nothing else but to go back to myanmar. i want to get my country back.t i have lts of relatives there. i hate it here. i loved life in myanmar. i want to go back anget married there and have a nice family. if i keep doing this, my life will be destroyed. reporter: aung san suu kyi's myanmar claims it wants to bring these children back. plenty doubt that.
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the fear is they will be forgotten, and the dangers they face ignorat the world simply accepts this precarious circle of life. bbc news, on the myanmar-bangladesh border. of young peoplt in particula you can understand why amnesty international says that the rohingyas are one of the most persecuted minorities in the world. president trump is continuing to fight back after two of his former aides admitted or were convicted of crimes this week. during a fox interview, he spoke of his former lawyer michael cohen and campaign mfoager paul ma. he also had an interesting take on impeachment and why it shouldn't happen. pres. trump: i don't know how you can impeach somebody who has done a great job. i'll tell you what, if i everim goached, i think the market would crash, i think iserybody would be very poor,
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because without thinking, you would see numbers you wouldn't believe. jane: for mo on the president's comments, the bbc's rajini vaidyanathan joins me now. impeachment would be bad for the economy. what has been the reaction? rajini: w it depends who ye asking for the reaction from. this was an intervndw on fox newslearly he is playing to his base. he talked up his achievement as president. he was asked about impeachment and he wanted to talk about how + jobys he has done an a as president, that he brought in tax cuts a deregulation. we talked about his base not caring about paul manafort or mich music to their they want to see the president fighting. jane: he also talked about attorney general sessions. pres. trump: i put in an attorney general who never took control of the justice
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department, jeff sessions. never took ctrol of the justice department. it is sort of an incredible thing. jane: we have become used to those criticisms, but what is unusual is that today jeff sessions fired back, saying, "while i am attorn general, the actions of the department of justice will not be impr influenced by political considerations. demand the highest standards, and where they are not met, i take action." ginrajini, why do you think he has responded to this now? rajini: it's interesting because president trump has gaoded jeff sessions multiple times before and all he wants to teach take the bait and respond if only once -- only once did he take the bait and respond. he is n ao show, a, walk over, and b, he is rtial and independent an will do his job the best possible way. other people are saying that
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thiski is al of tit-for-tat, is preside him, i'm going to see how far i can go. jane: do think that the defianct's continual will make a difference? rajini: it depends and goes back to that first question, who with. we see some republicans in the senate getting tired of the comets, particularly about jeff sessions. he is popular in the senate because he served in the senate. but when you look at his base, they cannot get enough of this defiance. it all comes down to the audience was the jane: rajini vaidyanathan, thank you for joining me. a quick look at the day's other news. a british woman imprisoned in iran has been freed for three days. nazanin zaghari-ratcliffe says she is with her husband at the moment. she was convicted of spying and given a five-year prison sentence. the afghanalan said it would send senior members of its organization to russia for peace talks, hours after the afghan
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government said it would not be attending. russia has invited several countries toow the mosalks. the u.s. also said it would not be attending the conference. the u.s. has introduced a 25%x a second wave of chinese goods worth $16 billion. the move ratchets up the dispute between the two countries, which has seen a number of retaliatory moves on both sides, but neither showing signs of backing down. a brief time ago i discussed the consequences with former u.s. ambassador to china. thank you very much for joining me. you supported presidentrump punching china in the nose, as you put it. but do you think that these latest tariffs a possibly a bit too heavy and low? that's heavy -- heavy a blow? mr. baucus: i think punching has some positive effects, but it generally doesn't work very well in the long-term.
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we have a deeper problem, and that is basically china's rise. the geopolitical tectonic plates are shifting. china's rise -- when i was ambassador to ina, it was very ear to me what their vision was. contrast that with the united e ates -- so-called largest power, but we willlipsed at some time by this tradeis a symptom of a much larger issue, which is how are china and the united states going to get along in the next 5, 10, 15 years. it is going to be major. jane: how is this helping, and where does it funny -- does it end? mr. baucus: i think president trump is taking the wrong tack. slapping tariffs on chinese goods friendly hurts not just -- frankly hurts not just china, but american consumers. it is ve immature, i think. it is amateur in its approach. it is not going to work. china is very, very strong, and in its nationalism, china will lmost anything to not b bullied by the united states.
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the far better tactic in my judgment would be for the united states -- this is hard,ut work with allies and addresses some of the real legitimate problems that exist in china. there is no question that chinal plays anel playing field. it is not fair. we know the long list of actions they take that are not fair. but cha will be able to play us off, the united states, with other countries, unless we as america join with great britain, the eu, japan, canada, other oecd countries. then we have a chance. jane: what does the u.s. risk by pursuing th tactic? mr. baucus: president trump 'hinks that china is weak. it's true, its economy is weakening slightly. trump thinks it gives the united t ates a big major advantage to push harder, not jth the most recent $16 billion in threatenedt he has another $200 billion. i that he thinks china will capitulate.en
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presxi thinks that president trump has become more weak and that he can press harder and take a strongerh position wspect to the united states. it is like a game of chicken here, two kids in a sawho are not talking to each other. there is no trust here. i think the president should stop the rhetoric and settle down and develop a strategic plan and work with other countries and say to president xi, hey, you got to back off a little bit here. president does not like a trade war, but he will not back off. jane: thank you very much for joining me. >> you bet. thank you. e jane: itish government has today released a series of technical papers to help prepare the country if there is no deal on brexit. ministers have insisted that reaching an agreement is still the most likely anermany, business leaders have joined the calls for the two sides to strike a deal for a -- to avoid a so-called hard
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brexit. but the german chamber of commerce warns that ti running out, and the uncertainties costing companies time and money. jenny hill reports. jenny: in a region where it pays to be patient, they are getting tired of waiting. >> the wine has to be 100% odpruce -- jenny: he sends the german wine all ovst the world. s he cracked the british export market, the bitter taste of brexit. >> i asked my importer, what do you think the impact this whole thing has? we have to do anything?sh said, "what should i know? we have no clue." i think that is a big problem. everyone is waiting for answers. jenny: what german traders fear most, unpacking a no-deal brexit. at this family firm, they import medicine, much of it from
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britain. ey spend time and money preparing for the worst. >> if it would come to a no-deal brexit, we would lose the ability to source from britain, and therefore we have to try to establish new supply lines in other countries. jenny: so you might end up taking business away from britain? >> yes, that would be -- it is our decisio jenny: this country has built its economic success on a reputation for stability. no wonder german family firms justo unsettled by not onbritain's decio leave the eu, but the uncertainty thaton decias brought to europe's biggest economy. the german business world worries. jobs, companies depend on britain. even so, few would change the country's political stance >> we here in berlin have never
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understood -- in our talks with brussels, london -- what could be the softer stance of chancellor merkel, what could be the softer stance of germany. the ingrity of the single market is our major goal, and we have to and we do want and will preserve that, no doubt about it. jenny: toasting an uncertain future, whose complexity germany fears may not be to the taste even those who chose it. jenny hill, bbc news.: ja that does look good. of course we will continue to bring all the views on brexit as it unfolds, or doesn't, as the case may be. you are watchi "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, she already made history by winning the mocratic nomination. now christine hallquist wants to become the first transgender governor in the u.s.
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cholera is legal. the acute disease caused by contaminated water will kill within hoursf left untreated. but it can be prevented. yemen is using a new system that slashed cases by 90%. reporter overwhelmed by colorado. last year there were one million cases in yemen, and thousands of people died, many of them children. this is the cause -- a sanitation system that cannot cope with heavy rainfall, leading to infected sewage flowing into the streets. but now there is some reef. these healthworkers are efcusing their rts in areas before the rain comes and the outbreak begins.
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reporter: t hygiene advice they give is simple, but it has had an incredible effect. at this office, meteorologists and government scientist have developed a system where the choler outbreak will occur for weeks in advance. they produce a map which combines satellite rain forecast with information about areas of high population density. the red areas show the places that are most likely to have an outbreak health teams are sent. the satellite data has enabled aid workers on the ground to stay one step ahead of outbreaks . last year there were more than 50,000 suspected cases in just oneee this year that was down to cases, a decrease of nearly 95%. it is hoped that the forecast can be made further ahead, which would cut the number of cases even further. there are concerns by the u.n.
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that another wave of the may be on its way. but the early results of the new system are encourang, to deploy the technology in other hotspots. jane: last week, christine hallquist ma history in her quest to become a governor of vermont when she became the first transgder candidate in the u.s. nominated to represent a major party. the democratli says her es are attractive voters, and there is no disguising her about washington. my colleague katty kay spoke to her from burlington, vermont. katty: you have now secured the democratic nomination for the governorship of vermont. why did you decide to run? ssms. hallquist: my whole n was to solve climate change, but november 9, 2016, changed caerything. i went into poli depression, and i was in denial
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in 2017 because thought vermont would be isolated from these incidents at the national level. but i me to realize that our vermont republican governor was using the same divisive tactics as the national party and was focused on tearing down the public education system, much in the way of betsy dos. i decided january 20 of this year that i could any longer. katty: and yet you voted for the current republican governor. ms. hallquist: yes, i did. i knew phil scott, our governor, for a long time. many of us knew him, and many democrats voted for phil. but this isn't the phil scott that we knew. katty: are you suggesting that the donald trump presidency is having an impact on people like phil scott and transforming the nature of the republican candidates? ms. hallquist: yes, i do believe that, and i should also tell you that late in 2017 we started to see white supremacist activity in vermont, ich we have not
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seen since 1983. so we are being impacted at e government level and cultural level. katty: christine, if you are elected, you would be the first transgender governor in the country. how much of an issue is it as you are out there campaigning in vermont? itms. hallquists not an issue at all. only one vermonter brought it up , and it was a curiosity question.ka y: i would imagine that the process of coming out as a transgender woman is complicated and difficult, and it takes a lot of courage to do it. how does it compare to running for political office in an america that is divided and as bitterly partisan as it is at the moment? ms. hallquist: you should know that i like to tell people that running for governor is not the hardest thing i have ever done. was anly transition incredible challenge, and after getting through the transition, i'll tell you, everything looks
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pretty easy. katty: to sum this up, christine hallquist is running for the governorsh of donald trump.ause is that a fair statement? ms. hallquist: i would not say that is a fair statement' running because our governor is using some of the same tactics as the national party. katty: christine hallquist, thanks very much for joining us from burlington. jane: from a newcomer on theto political scen former president whose simple lifestyle sets him apart -- if you haven't guessed, we are talking about jimmy carter. he has been out of office for 37 hears, longer than anyone else in history, and hoas used that time is the focus of a recent article in "the washington post." we were joined a brief time ago by one of its authors, kevin sullivan. you spent a lot of time with him to write this piece. what stood out? kevin: just the modesty, the simplicity of his life this is a man who lived in the white house and flew on air force one and now he spends every saturday night eating
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dinner off a paper plate can he glass ofittle bargain-brand chardonnay. that is his big slow lurch-- big splurge onaturday night. he has none of the trappings of the post-presidency we have seen. we have a five living ex-presidents, and all of them are worth tens of billions of dollars, and some of them much, much more, becse they are able capitalize on these opportunities that flows so easily to ex-presidents -- speaking gigs and corporate board memberships. jane: right, so how does jimmy carter maintain that modesty? hw does he do it? kevihas a $210,000 pension from the government. the government supports his office, as they do for all s.ex-preside he has a nice little house that he has lived in since 1961 with his wife, rosalynn. they live comfortably, they jus don've big -- jane: but why? kevin: because he said -- he told me over dinner -- i asked him why he didn't do this, because jerry ford, his
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predecessor, was the first one to invent this modern way of living as he said he felt like he would be cashing in on the white house, and he didn't want to do that. he said, "i'm not going to go on boards, i'm not going to give big-bucks speeches, but i will write books becase i do that well." he has written 33 of them. they have done pretty well. he is not a poor man, but he lives modestly. jane: i felt very warm and glowing and nostalgic reading your piece. what is the reaction from readers? kevin: it is remarkable. it is like we tucked the country into b gave them a glass of warm milk. ndere is so much anger division. people are longing for a story about a man who is inherently decent and good. the nastiest e-mails we have gotten said, "he was a lousy president but he has been a good
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ex-president, he is a good man, i willive you that." jane: he did only serve one term. what do you think his legacy will be? will it be this time or will it kevin: that may change over time. i think right now people will remember hisost-presidency much more because he has been remarkable. the carter center in atlanta, h has wor democracy and human rights and public health issues all around the country, and tough habitat for humanit he and rosalynn have worked on 4300 houses in 43 countries. -- in countries. 14it is just remarkable. they told us they dident remodel on their house and the two of them got their hammers out and knocked down a break from -- a bedroom wall by themselves because they are so usor to doing it for habitat humanity. jane: amazing, isn't it? kevin sullivan, thank you for joining me. kevin: my pleasure. jane:ha if you haven't seen piece, i encourage you to check it out. it is like being tucked in a
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warm bed. you can find all the day's news uronebsite, and to see what we are working ochat any time, eck out twitter. i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay w up-to-daith the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing ssolutions for america' neglected needs, and purepoint financ >> howo we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then wbegin to chisel. we strip away everything that
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stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, yourea . your tomorrow is now.po put financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, president trump plays defense against suggestions that he is implicated in the crimes of a formociates michael cohen and paul manafort. as supreme court nominee brett kavanaugh makes the rounds in the u.s. senate, we begin a look at his record on key issues. then, a college student murdered, and authorities say the main suspect is in the country illegally. republicans seize the moment to advocate for tougher immigration policies. plus, why companies tting their profits back into stocks instead of raising employee wage >> if they took all the money that they spent on stock buybacks and instead invested it in raises fotheir workers, mcdonald's, they could have given each of their workers $4000 more.


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