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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 27, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation,ko er foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and purepoint financial. >> h? do we shape our tomorr it starts with a vision. we see its ideal form in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. we strip away everything that stands in the ay to reveal new possibilities. at pepoint financial, we hav designed our modern approach to banking around you --
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your plans, your goals, your dreams. ur tomorrow is now. purepoint financial.nd >> a now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.ut tr continue to pour in for senator john mccain, but at the whnee house the flag have go up and then down again, sending a mixed message. president trump says he has made a deal with mexico to overhaul nafta. now he just needs to get canada and the plus, the new controversy for the catholic church. pope francis will not respond to claims that he ignored abuse allegations.
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our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. tributes are still pouring in from around the world to john mccain. the u.s. senator lost his fight with brain cancer on saturday, and ever since, his legacy and service has been remembered and celebrated. but ere has also been controversy. president trump refused to comment on senator mccain's legacyntil late today. ck bryant reports. nick: washington without john mccain is a lesser place. he was a human landmark, an ameran hero who is broken body personify the land of the brave. flags at the u.s. capitol remained at half-mast in honor of his servicebund sacrifice. at the white house there was no such active ongoing remembrance earlier on today. in a tweet over the weekend, pages deepest
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sympathies and respect to the mccain family, but had no kind words for the man himself. >> do you have any thoughts at all of our john mccain? nick: the presidential silence >> do you believe johmccain was a hero? nick: with the erican legion rongly urging the commander-in-chief to honor this war hero and former prisoner of war, there was a presidential change of you is not hard. gwe jus this statement from the president -- "despite our differences on policy and politics, i respect jo mccain's service to our country edand in his honor have si proclamation to fly the flag of the united states at half-staff until the day of his interment." it still doesn't call him a hero. tonight the stars andre stripes owered again at the white house in that rare thing, presidential climbdown. it symbolizes the broader debate as to who best embodies the
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values of modern america, dona trump or john mccain. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. laura: earlier todayic davis, who was john mccain's campaign manager, read out a letter from the late senator with this message. >> do not despair of our present difficulties. we believe always in the promise americatness of because nothing is inevitable here. americans never quit, we never surrender come we never hide from history. we make history. farewell, fellow americans. god bless you and god bless america. laura: rick davis there. for more on senator mccndn's lifeegacy, i'm joined by a u.s. diplomat who served as the second of director of the mccain institute. how will you personally remember john mccain? >> john mccain was someone who always stood up for the right thing to matter how hard it w,
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no matter what he faced in doing so, he wasck q to judgment and he knew the right judgment and he just went after it. roura: what did the tributes coming in from aund the world tell us about how he was feared? k-- viewed? kurt: i think that is ltraordinary. i travel around the world, and people feel as if john mccain meant something to them personally. they had some kind of personal story about how what he did affected them in their country. he was very fond ofsu georgia, orted their independence and freedom. they had a candlelight v sil in the maare overnight when he passed on to liveesotten so manyges from people in the baltic states, ukraine, nato headquarters, really all over, people weighing in with how much he meant to them. laura: he was such an eloquent spokesman for american leadership in the global order. did hiown life embody that? kurt: it did.
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his whole life was dedicated to causes greater than self-it. that cause for him was service to his country -- military pserviclic service as a senator. it was serving the ideals ofhe nation both domestically and internationally. he was holding america u as a standardbearer for the values we are founded on. laa: how important was he has h defender of the values of nato? kurt: absolutely. nato is the first and foremost collective defense command he is all about security. defense, and he was all about security. but nato is also abocr european deies band together to protect themselves and createwhere you can have freedom, democracy, prosperity. that is why we have nato. that is why we want security. laura: i know from interviewing john mccainyself that he could be mischievous and very funny. was that part of his
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effectiveness as a leader? kurt: he made him seem human to people. e people realize that he is one of us, he is having fun, we can relate to him. asomeone who is tru larger-than-life figure making a future impact on the world -- huge impact on the world. laura:nd the fair will atement he said "americans make history." bo could have been talking himself. wasn't talking abou himself. in the farewell statement he is not really talking about himself, he is tking about the country, how much it meant to him, and how we needed to live up to that ideal. laura: will we see his like again? rere is a whole new generation of military veteraning. kurt: i'm optimistic. he is one-of-a-kind, we will not see someone like him. what we will see is a generation of people, including in the senate, who aspire to those and value just to take an example, he has got to theseioarious internl conferences and
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delegations around the world. he has groomed hair group of terrific senators - alaska, joni lesser ernst fm iowa, many more. laura: thank you for joining us. today the white house announced that the u.s. and mexico have agreed to overhaul nafta. is the president talking about the first step. pres. trump: i like to call this auiy united states-mexico trade agreement. i think nafta has bad connotations for the united states because it was a ripoff, horrible deal for our country. i think it has a lot of bad connotations to a lot of people. you and i will agree to the name. we will see decided to put upa canada or d separate deal with canada, if
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they want to make the deal. laura: for more i spoke a brief time ago with the direor of the atlantic council's latin ederica center. is this as an inle deal as the president says? >> it is to be determined what is in the deal. there are a number of different provisions worked out. clearly this new deal with mexico relates to the auto rules of origin, using more american steel. it does do things like weaken the chapter 19 provi nafta. but it keeps the investor dispute mechanis although it weakens that as well. one of the keys for the u.s. and mexico is the deal announced today does not include the sunset clause, the infamous sunset clause that the trumpst admition wanted, which was to terminate the agreement if it wasn't essentially working welrs every five y laura: meanwhi, canadian
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negotiators are on their way to washington. is it a deal if they don't sign up? jason: well, the u.s. and mexico w have their deal. president pena nieto made it very clear this morning that he wants canada to be part of this deal as well. it would be in u.s. interest to have canada part of the deal. candidate is the number one export destination for u.s. products. 35.s. states count canada as the number one foreign market. it would make a lot of sense for ave canada states to as part of this deal. t the mexican foreign minister said they already have their own deal with canada. through tpp. laura: ok, what what about the u.s. congress? what will they think about a deal that is just with mexico? ngjason: the u.s. ss -- first of all, you cannot count on the deal making it through the congress right now. congss -- it will have to ge through the congress after midterm elections.
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it is still to be determined what exactly is the result of the midterm election the u.s. congress has been supportive of a trilateral deal. and if certain provisions are weakened -- it is going to be very difficult to get business groups on board, as well as some of the higher wages in place as part of the u.s.-mexico acco might win additional support from u.s. labor unions, but you still cannot count on domestic -- laura: no, indeed, but is itit a turnaround in u.s.-mexico relations? president trump on the phone with the mexican president today. jason: yeahesthe mexican ent offered to have tequila president trump. i think its an incredibly important point. this is -- yes, it is an economic deal, it's about the commercial vitality of au.s.-mexico, and should ut the trilateral relationship.
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but nafta fundamentally underpins u.s.-mexico cooperion on a number of fronts, not just economic. laura: thank you for joining us. jason: great, thanks for having me. court inther news, a myanmar has postponed its ruling on whether to journalists from the reuters news agency violated the state secrets law while reporting on the rohingya crisis. the verdict will be delivered next week. they are accused of violating a law while investigating violence against rohingyas. the russian opposition leader has been sentenced to 30 days in jail for breaking public protest loss this year. " he accused authorities -- in court he accused authorities of detaining him for takheg part in anprotest. went -- u.n. human rights investigators say military leaders in myanmar should be
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investigated for genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity, and referred to the international criminal court. the inquiry found reports of murder, rape, and torture against the rohingya. todreds have been forced flee to bangladesh. a warning, there are ditsressing accond flash photography. reporter: for a year in this bleak landscape, the rohingya have been suffering, bereaved, uprooted, lost. giving harrowing accounts of the brutality they say they suffered at the hands of the myanmar military. today we met rashid. he says they murdered 12 of his relatives. >> they made the men stand and the women and children squat on the ground. then they opened fire and killed the men. then they took the women inside the house and set it on fire.
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reporter: he is convinced it was genocide, and so while he welcomes today's call for the top generals to be tried forhe crime, he thinks it is all too late for so many. >> if justice is done, thenpe le who are living will see it. t what about those who were slaughtered? my mother, my brother, myes nephew, my unc can they bring them back? they can't do it. reporter: this is the village in myanmar from which rashid fled the killing, rape, and arson here is said to be a coordinated campaign by the army. >>t is not only about justice for victims, but it is also deterring future activ if we were to allow this to go without any kind of sanction, every army in the world will k they can do this. reporter: this is the most detailed and blistering criticism yet of the actions of
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myanmar's military last year, actions which formed hundreds of -- forced hundreds of thousandsf ohingya people to flee across the border to these camps where they a still trapped. there is also strong criticism of myanmar's civilian governmenl -- in part, its nobel peace prize-winning leader aung san suu kyi. she is accused of failing to use her moral auority to prevent the violence, and by ignoring the plight of the rohingya, her government made it easier for the crimes to be carried out. there has been no reaction from her, her government, for the -- or the generals. the army has always claimed it was only clearing out militants, a claim wholly rejected by the u.n. bringingnd the com-in-chief his comradeourt will not be easy. bute today feels l
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significant step forward towards justice for the rohingya people. bbc news on the myanmar-bangladesh border. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program -- >> send all the people back to mexico! what the hell are they doing here? laura: it is primary day in arizona tomorrow, and tensions over immigration are spilling into the streets. police working on a notorious unsolved murder say the prime suspect has been rested in spain. the victim was just 11 years old when he vanished from his tent at a summer camp in august 1998. his body was discovered in a nearby forest the next a. two decades on, 55-year-old man has been detained in spain. he was identified after police
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launched a huge operation to gather more than 40,000 dna samples from people who werehe living near to scene of the crime. the bbc has more from the netherlands. 54 --er: the rest of the the arrest of the 55 earl followed a police appeal a streak where the shared for the first time the scoutmaster wanted in connection with the death of this 11-year-old schoolboy. he was reportedly ducognized by h tourist in spain. he was arrested there monday afternoon. jos brech was identified as a suspect after what was the largest eve dna harvesting operatioryin a dutch histo. he did c note forward to volunteer his dnas, but hi relatives did. from that, the investigators dna able to pinpoint his
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from items from his home and create a match with that found stappes clothing that he was murdered. this case has captivated and horrified the dutc public for two decades. the challenge for prosecutors now is to ensure that the crime suspect gets a fair trial. he is currently in spanish custody awaiting extradition to the netherlands to be questioned o suspicion nicky ve ppen's murder. laura: pope francis has declined to comment on a claim that he ignored sexual abuse allegations. the charges come from a former vatican envoy to the united states, who claims he told the pope of allegations against cardinal te mccarrick in 2013. but trying to undermine the
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-- but some accuse the archbishop of trying to undermine thpublic because of divisions in the church itself. i'm joined by the dean of caolic university's school of theology. how explosive is this cim againsthe pope that he knew of the abusellations against the cardinal? is a newnly this territory we are in and trying to u can makeosest aideshe this claim and level i ofhink that the point about i'm not going to respond to this time i will let the journalists do their job come is such an important point, because it shows that o he is trying n up the church and really let people see this reality and how the sense of where are we going to go, h can we see this. laura: what do you make of the flight that the claim is coming
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com a conservative critic -- the fact that tim is coming from a conservative critic of the pope himself? rev. morozowich: well, there are differences in the church andth people who tak or that tack. the archbishopis trying hard to be truthful to what he believes. laura: is it possible that this could fatally undermined the pope as his critic wants and that he is calling for him to resign? rev. morozowich: he's always challenges that the pope has to address them and part of the challenge of beinghe vicar of is to bring unity there are differences of opinion whether on the right or the left , and trying to bring about a sense one of the things that people pointed out is that ot runs the ri keeping our eye off the abuse victims. that is what we really need to do in the church. that is what we need to focus on, because these people have not en getting the respect,
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the treatment, and the curing love that they deserve from within and without. laura: isn't that the point? in ireland trying to apologize to those victims of use and suddenly comes this allegation that he is part of the cover-up. rev.orozowich: those are all part of what needs to unfold, and is franciso we need our job, we need to let journalists do their job, and a step in the right direion, i think, for transparency. laura: but the church is reeling from all of these allegations from chile to ireland to australi how can the pope move on from this now that is accused of ing complicit? rev. morozowich: we haveulo be very carn how we understand the cover-up, how we understand what was known and what wasn't known. all o c, wee this need to ar that anyone who covered up his responsible.
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but when we look at all of these things, the really horrendous thg, i like to go back to the really themselves -- we need to focus on them. thank mark morozowich, you so much for joining us. rev. morozowich: my pleasure. laura:ri as the state ofna mccain,he loss of john they are getng ready for our getting ror a primary election tomorrow. senator jeff flake decided not to seek reelection. that set off a heated race to release him. all three candidates are burnishing their conservate credentials and loyalty to president trump. the bbc's james cook reports. james:rizona and the triumph of trump. >> send all these people back to mexico! what the hell are they doing here? james: politics here is personal. >> thele peop united will never be
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divided! james: one group is protestingpo about dertation. another is urging government agency ice to remove even more immigrants. if democracy requires a sense of compromise, then the united states is in trouble. >> they think there should be an open border and everybodyhould come and go freely. no, we are a sovereia nation, and tion without borders isn't a nation. james: what is your view immigration policies in this state and the u.s. generally? [indiscernible] james: in what way? >> there should be no borders, no walls.uld b >> broadcasting from the southern border -- james: immigration amplified donald trump's appeal and still animates his audience. >> we have so many listeners in north america, central america -- james: this border pa'l agent'radio show lavishes praise on the president. >> we have defended the president for so long.
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we have spoken well about the president. we have agreed with the president's policies. james: but read between the lines, and all is not well with those policies, like the key campaign pledge of stopping illegal immigration. >> when president trump took office, the numbers declined. that was our window tohange some things and enforce things a little bit more thoughly. it wasn't done, and honestly, a it of the agencies s because of the leadership here was the same leadership under the last president. >> i didn't say you can't come in. >> just said i am not welcome. >> you are not welcome. >> ok, let's go. james: tough talk on immigratioe is typifby this controversial former sheriff now running for the senate. it is a hard sell in a state where the hispanic revelation is more than 30% and rising. >> i think a lot of people don't like our president, including me republicans. i hate to use this word, but i'm l going to do it -- i feeere
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is a hatred towards our president, towards his policies, which e very good for this country. >> 26 years in uniform. she has taken thfight to the enemy and the establishment. james: the favorite to win the republican primary is martha mcsally, a former fighter pilot. she was one of those republicans who did criticize mr. trump, but t anymore. pres. trump: she's the real deal, she is tough. >> like ou' president, i'tired of pc politicians and their bs excuses. james: the republican candidates in arizona have come to the same conclusion, reluctantly or with enthusiasm -- they cannot win the nomination without cozying up to theye president, an doing so may damage the chances with the wider electorate. sometis it is painful being the party of trump. james cook, bbc news, tucson. laura: the rough and tumblef
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arizona politics there. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, soyo can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latestne headlis you can trust. download now from selected app >> funf this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs,na and purepoint ial. >> how do we shape our tomorrow? it starts with a vision. we see its ideal fm in our mind, and then we begin to chisel. g thatip away everyth stands in the way to reveal new possibilities. at purepoint financial, we have
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designed our modern approach to banking around you -- your plans, your goals, your dreams. your tomorrow is now. purepoint financial. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc ev >> yang: gooing. i'm john yang. judy woodruff is away. on the "newshour" tonit, a former top vatican diplomat accuses pope francis of covering up sex abuse allegations and calls on him to resign. why the pope's defenders say the claim is all politics. then, one year after hundreds of thousands ofohingya fled their homes in myanmar, the u.n. calls for top military cmanders tere to be tried for genocide. and the legacy of john main. he served in the u.s. senate for more than three decades and earned a rare reputation for "straight talk" and reaching across the aisle. >> whatever our differences, wee are fellowcans. and please believe me when i say no association has ever meant


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