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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 19, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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♪ [applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. a report on the death of jamal khashoggi is due tomorrow, but for now president trump seems to accept the denials of the saudi crown prince. facing the daunting task of rebuilding after deadly wildfires. as the search for the missing continues, residents of paradise, california, search for ways to cope. plus, gordon parks became one of the most celebrated photographers of his a. tonight we look at the influences behind his work.
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laura: welcome to our views on public television here in america and around the globe. for weeks the world has be asking who ordered the murder of saudi journalist jamal khashoggi. now it is reported that thohcia believesmad bin salman, the saudi crownrie, called for the killing. president trump says the report is due tomorrow, but the crownpr ce told him five times he had nothing to do with the cerder. lyse dis in riyadh and joined us a brief time ago. king salman was totally silentr on the murday. is that the saudi strategy, to spst ignore it? lyse: well, i dik to some senior saudi officials about this and asked wasn't this the moment for king salman in the absolute monarchy to address the possibly greatest crisis the
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kingdom has ever faced? i was told that is not the king's style, thasaudi arabia did not want to hear about the khashoggi affair again, and one who admitted shura to me that the crisis set saudi arabia back for years to make she regretteclhow this black d was hanging over the kingdom, this question of whobl was responfor it, which continues to plague saudi arabia. she said today with the king setting out the agenda for the year, it wasn't the right place. but there were hints in his shorarabic speech when he talked about the need for justice, that no crime should go unpunished, when he talked about the need for improving governance and avoiding mistakes and errors. perhaps the strongest symbol of all was his favote son, crown prince mohammad bin salman, sitting in the front row, and the king praised him for the economic and social reform that
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he has been pursuing in the kingdom. his onlyto instructionay greater attention to the youth. laura: lyse, do you think that they are relieved in riyadh that so far president trumpot really been that critical of the saudi crown prince and is willing to accept his denials of any involvement in the khashoggi murder? lyse: i think there is a sense here that this is going to take a long time. im is going to take a long for the saudi kingdom to deal with the repercussions of what has haened. it is going take a long time for the question to go away, not just with political leaders like president trump, b for the heads of -- the ceos of the firms who said they wanted tbe part of mohammad bin salman's bold vision for saudi arabia, tech giants who loved being filmed and taking selfies with mohammad bin
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this cloud is to be around for a very long time. in the meantime, there is lots of business to get on with, ccluding what was this mounting pressure in the u.gress even before the murder of jamal khashoggi, even before the games -- gains in the democrats in the house, pressure on arms sales to saudi arabia, the arms seen in bombing strikes on yemen. the saudis know they are under greater pressure in the u.s. congress. as you have been hearing on the bbc, greater pressure at the united nations over yemen's deteriorating crisis. ngan oil-produountry that has to find other ways to keep the kingdom ther lot on the agenda. doucet they are in riyadh. speaking of the u.s. congress, as she was, senator jeanne
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shaheeis a member of the foreign relations committee, and she has been speaking to bbc about the response to the killing of jamal khashoggi. reporter: senator, the cia has reportedly concludin that crown mohammad bin salman was involved or directed the killing of jamal khashoggi. how do youespond to that? sen. shaheen: that someone needs to be held accountable for that. we have action pending in the united states senate that would initiate -- we have already gone forward with initiating the sanctis. the president has, i think, 120 days to respond to that. we have legislation on saudi arabia that would sanction them. i think we need to move forward and we need to say very loudly in a bipartisan way that this is not acceptable in thede international reporter: how far are you willing to go, given you are up
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against an administration, and the president has made it very clsr that saudi arabia rema an important ally for the united states? sen. shaheen: well, they are an important allyor the united states, but we don't expect our allies to behave in a way that murders people residing in the united states whare reporters for one of our most important newspapers. we expect them to behave according to internation norms. and clearly the saudis have not. i would hope that the present and the administration, once i -- once they have a chance to review this intellcoence, would ize that they need to take strong action. reporter: would you be calling,o md other se calling, for the replacement ammad bin salman or putting pressure on the saudi leadership to bring about change? is he a partner that the americans can work with? sen. shaheen: i think it is very diffic who has not only done this, but
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kidnapped the lebanese prime minister, o has taken the actions in yemenhat have produced the kind of deaths of so many innocent children and civilians, that has initiated quarrels in the middle east with his neighbors, that has imprisoned so many saudi citizens. i think there are a whole range things that mohammad bin salman has done before we get t rder of mr. khashoggi. i think we need to make it very clear that those kinds of actions are unacceptab reporter: do you feel he needs to go? sen. shaheen: i do, now. whether the united states has e ability to do that is another question. reporter: would you be pushing for sanctions? sen. shaheen: we have legislation that would sanction the sais for a range of behaviors. reporter: are you concerned about ameri's face in the world, its role as a leader globally, and that it may be taking a backward st?
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sen. shaheen: i'm concerned that we continue to play a positive role in the world. that is the position that congress has taken. certainly there is bipartisan support in the senate to doth . one of the things i heard -- i heard this when i was in syria this summer -- was that they wanted america they were woabout the neighborhood that they were in, as syrians, about the terrorist groups operating there, other countries coming in. they wanted americans because they knew what our values are. they k conquer them, but to try and provide support. that is the kind of support we have provided, tried to provide. we have not always succeeded. laura: senator jeannshaheen. efforts tohe endiolence in yemen, which we have just been
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hearing about, inched forward today, wit rebels edging closer to peace talks. the united nations is considering a u.k. proposal r to open ates and watch negotiations. war has ravaged yemen for three e ars now and many are starving. in recent weeks ghting is centered on the port city of hudaydah, as the bbc's nawal al-maghafi reports. mewal: enjoying a brief mont ar normality in the long w children and families gather togeer to celebrate a pause the fighting. they pray it continues, but no one herenows how long this will last. in the port city of hudaydah, the front lines are not far away. just a few hours later, a coalition airstrike has pped through this family home. six sisters were home alone at the time. the survivors are rushed to hospital. father arrives, thankful to fini his daughter.
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rt we were sitting at home. i was about to she afternoon prayers when a rocket hit the house. tenawal: but four of her s didn't survive the attack. for e past six months, saudi and emirati coalition forces have been daosing in on ah. they say the port has been used to smuggle in ar and supplies for the iranian-backed houthi rebels. this battle could be a turning point in the war, but at what cost? it is not just the bombs and the bullets that civilians have fled from. this war has shatteredhi ever that kept people afloat -- the price of food, fuel, and water has at least doubled across the country. it is often called the forgotten war. but everyone i've spoken to here is crying out for help, pleading with the wld to finally take notice. the current offensive has left
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over half a million yemenis homeless. this school in the governme city of aden has become a makeshifcamp. this woman and her six children are sheltering under the stairwell. caught between two warring sides, she felt she had no choice but tohu fleydah days ago. >> the shrapnelsi and exps scared us on the roads. they scattered us and left us at god's mercy. we go to sleep scared and get up scared. nawal: starvation and poverty provoked by the war is so desperate that the country's poorest are sifting through the rubbish to survive. hopes are mounting here for upcoming peace talks. with aid agencies warning that yemen is on the bank of the worst famine in living history, time is running out. nawal al-maghafi, bbc news, aden.
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laura: the horror of yemen's war, but will the peace talks have been? in other news, police in the mexican city of tijuanhave set up barriers in one of the ofsiest border crossings to deter a caravan igrants trying to enter the united states. around 4000 people have gathered in the city a month after setting off from central america. some protestmis are accusing ants of being a danger to the city. russia has clasheddith the u.s. other western nations at a meeting of the global chemical weapons tchdog. russ says the organization's powers tonvestigate were unlawful, and urged members to not approve its annual budget. protesters in france angry over high petrol prices are blocking fuel depots and stopping traffic on major roads. the government is refusing to back down over controversial fuel taxes which i says will help curb pollution.
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one person was killed and more than 400 people wernginjured durihe demonstrations, which began on saturday. it has been nearly two weeks since ferocious wildfires started in northern california. putting out the flames remains a major battle. at least 77 people he died. close to a thousand are still missing. dave lee reports from the devastated town of paradise. dave: the homes are gone. the hospital is gone. rants,ops and the rest too. this used to be the town's elementary school. helping paradise get back on its feet means starting with t basics. paradise had been something of a ghost town. e now we are to steady stream of resources heading into the town to start the rebuilding the survivor however, are going to have to wait a little while longer before they can go and see what is left of their homes. and so it is in a nearby town
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where you will find residents coming together to mourn a loss that with many hundreds still missing cannot be fully comprehended. the people i met he are suffering loss on multiple levels -- their friends, their family, their homes, and their parish. their entire support network. >> it is hard to know what help you need when you have nothing, and when you are used to being a taker, it is hard to be ok to take from people. >> i mean, where do you go from there? even if your house is there, the town is unlivable at this moment. so -- 80 be 80 or years old. ere do i go? how do i start again? it is not just me, it is everybody. i know i'm not the lone ranger, but we all have our individual hell, and trying to fiut a way out of it. each day we have to go into by
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-- inch by inch. we cannot go day by day. dave: th called what happened here the new abnormal. those fighting these blazes know that fire season is all year round. >> all the major fires in california and come er we would be done. it's a lot. family life is very difficult. personal life is difficult. our personal well-being is stressed by the job we do. dave: firefighters see their heroic efforts not as a job, but as a calling.ll the ill come again and again. dave lee, bbc news, in paradise. laura:o much loss in california. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's doublesresident trump down on his claim that osama bin laden should have been captured sooner. we will have latest on the
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controversy. a charity has opened a hostal with a difference in northern india. af there have to deal with very large patients indeed. k.take a loo reporter: health care in india made headlines this year. 2018 saw the launch of what was pitched as the world's largest health insurancew plan. and other first -- a hospital devoted to the help of theountry's largest mammal, the indian elephant. there are roughwi 25,000 in the and hundreds are kept in captivity, mostly to attract tourists and perform religious rituals. they are often builtreated and forced to obey instructions from a sharp middle. this hospital has been built for the treatment of injured, sick, or geriatric elephants. it is home to 22 patients, some
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as olds 67. >> they had been through a lot of abuse, brutality. through the process they develop abesses, internal problems, back problems, all kinds of health issues that need to be addressed. reporter: the hospital boasts an facilitieodern including thermal imaging equipment and a wireless x-ray. range of skin a treatments ranging froththe modern tmore traditional. >> i think rebuilding a hospital weatre underlining the fact elephants need care as any other animal. cap developments on -- captive elephants are not meant to be heed and abused, but instead have to be givenespect and animal needs if you are going to be using an animal. reporter: the hospital has mobile equipment intendeto treat elephants across northern india. it is built on the banks of a river next to a conservation and care center, where ps of all ages can relax and heal and
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even enjoy the retirement we look forward laura: president trump doesn't shy away from fighting with-p hifile figures, and this time it is the retired admiral who led the raid which killed osama bin laden. william mcraven said the president's attacks on the media were a threat to democracy, the president says those are the words of a hillary clinton support. the admiral shot back that that is not the cas will our correspondent anjini vaidyanas with me now. what is the president have to nin from going after the who oversaw the killing of a some of bin laden? -- osama bin laden? rajini someone who works for george bush and barack obama. yocould ask that question, why go there.
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by president does not like personal criticism. we have seen that over the last few years the way he takes things personally. sometimes he shoots back, which is what he has done in tccs situation,ing the admiral of being a hillary clinton fan and criticizing the way he carried out such a crucial operation. iswhat is interesting toda -- the president had the support of the rnc and the tweeted that mcraven was reportedly on hillary clinton's shortlist for the vice presidency in 2016 so he is hardly nonpolitical. this is getting more and more political. you just don't crit tize members military, you just don't go there. laura: and the military is very popular in the united states. all of this is coming as the president says he has written down answers to some of the questionsia from spcounsel robert mueller, investigating whether there are any links betweenig the trump camand russia.
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what we know about the nature of these quesons? rajini: what we know is that on he said i have written answers but have not turned them into it. on fox news over the weekend in that extensive intmoview he spok about that, that he has given complete answers -- whatever that means, laura -- to a lot of questions he says you should not have been asked. he described the entire mueller investigation as a witch hunt. it is unlikely when you watch the interview that he will do an in-person interview, which is quite interesting because that is what robert mueller probably wanted. what we are hearing today, his afternoon, e reports that he is likely to turn those questions in before thanksgiving tcause he's heading mar-a-lago, florida, for the holidays. we arelo gettingr to the president giving robert mueller what he wants, but there are still so many questionnd it. laura: meanwhile, three democratic senators are suing, saying the appointment of the acting attorney general is unconstitutional. what is it they fear he could somehow do? rajini: it cos only been a
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le of weeks since jeff sessions exited as attorney general, a mr. whitaker was brought in. but these democratic senators are concerned that he has been brought in to protect the president and perhaps if there is any issues with the mueller investigation, perhaps obfuscate. that is their concern. e justice department issued a statement in response to the senatorsod and they just said that the appointment was completely legal, but that does the fearsarilyll of democra who fear it could be a political appointment. this could be as the mueller stigation is coming to a head, we presume them in the coming weeks, a way to protect the president. laura: rajini vaidyanathan, thank you. a century ago, gordon parks was born into poverty andn segregat kansas. now his photography is on show here in washington, d.c. in the 1940's parks crossed boundaries. he was a self-taught black photographer who went on to work
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for america's moried publications. a man from the national gallery of art spoke to us about the images and the man behind them. >> gordon parks was a self-taught photographer who rose to the top of his profession quickly and became icanfirst african-am photographer hired for the staff of "life" magazine. this exhibition is about how he gets to that point. gordon parks wanted to be a musician from the time he was a young kid. he learned to play the piano,-t was seght. i think the camera was a weapon against poverty and racism. when gordon parks moved with his family to chicago in 1941, he was offered free studio space and access to the dark room of a brand-new community arts center. he met artists like langston hughes. you not only photographed them
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d -- he not only photograp them, he really learned from them. the moment of transformation for gordon parks was meeting charles white, whoas a young, extremely talented painter in a city that was in part segregated. charles white essentially told him, take your camera out onto the street. he really became a social realist photographer workingin he very same spirit as the painters and sculptors in chicago at theime. gordon parks comes to washington in may 1942 with his camera ready to go on the street ands create imaat would change the world. he was introduced to the woman who cleaned the offices of the department of agriculture. her name was ella watson. he learned her life ory. then gordon parks understood how he could begin to convey a sense of the inequality that he himself had experienced. he went with ella watson and
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posed her standing up right in front of the american flag that was hanging in the oice. he was able to convey through a set of very clear symbols a nse of the inequality that ella watson herself had experienced. in the 1940's, african-americans had very little control over their own image, and how their communities were seen.go people likon parks were not given the agency or authority to tell his own story. i think his goal in some ways was to be able to beerson who breaks through and is able to work within mainstream media and tell the story of african-american history, culture, and politics. he did that with great eloquence throughout his career. laura: the photography of gordon
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rk there. , remembu can find much more of all the day's news on our website. s what we are working on at any time, check us out on twitter. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, ourid vertical vs are designed to work around your lifestyle, soyo you can swipur way through the news of the day and stayth tr-to-date wite latest headlines you can ust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and koer foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was ngpresented by kcet, los aes. ns
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captioning spoored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, a frantic search continues-- nearly 1,000 are missing in paradise as california confronts the deadliest wildfire in the state's history. then, as evidence mounts linking saudi arabia's crown prince to the murder of a journalist, president trump stands by the long-time u.s. ally. plus how a requirement to work in arkansas forced thousands to lose their medicaid coverage. >> it's really difficult because if the people in this category are reired to work, and there are no jobs, then you know, what are these people supposed to do? >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour."


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