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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 17, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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♪ [applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. pulling the plane hours before takeoff -- the president cancels trip by democratic lawmakers to afghanistan. shutdown politics just got uglier. othe duedinburgh in a car crash, but walks away unharmed. we will have the latest on the 97-year-old's condition. e the big man for w york knicks fears reprisal from turkey. why enes kanter couldn't join his team to play abroad.
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laura: welcomeo our viewers on public television in the u.s. and around the globe. it is day 27 of e partial u.s. shutdown, and the political tone in washington has turned vindictive. house eaker nancy pelosi and other democratic lawmakers were due to leave for afghanistan. just as they were about too to the airport, the white house sent a letter saying the trip has been postponed. it goes on to say that "in light of the 800,000 great american workers not receiving pay, i'm sure you would agree thapo pong this public relations event is totally appropriate." the president then suggests that she can fly commercial if she so chooses. rtnorth america re anthony zurcher joined me earlier to unpack this. is this the president retaliating for nay pelosi asking him to delay his state of the union address?
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anthony: the white house denies that, that there is no link between the two, but you have to see it that way. yesterday there was no response from the whi house to nancy pelosi's move. there were reports that the white house was caught flat-footed and were not sure how to respond and were reaching out to figurout away for -- figure out a way for donald t trump to deliv state of the union address and go around nancy pelosi. 24 hours later, bang, you get this. ar that it is pretty c this was a shot back on her. , it isot a game of chess a game of checkers. laura: quite the punch and judyw .se tor lindsey graham, who is close to mr. trump, said in a inappropriate,as one sophomoric -- meaning juvenile -- response does not deserve another, criticism both sides. this seems to be worrying lawmakers like senator graham who are trying to bring the shutdown to an end.
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anthony: right, and lindsey graham is a fan of cononal delegations come he travels a lot, so this probably hits close to home. donald trump is getting a lot of blame for the shutdown, bu there is fear in congress that as this drags on this will pull everybody down. no one is going to be able to emerge unscathed from this as the pain spreads throughout not just people who are furloughed onomy.e entire u.s. laura: you can practically smell the animosity in washington between the president and speaker pelosi. is this about more than $5 billion for the wall? anthony: exactly right, this is much bigger than that.s itout who gets to set policy priorities going the next two year you have the democrats who don't want to be blackmailed whenever donald trump comes up with something that threatens to shut down the government and they have to fold. meanwhile, donald trump promised this wall. this was the central part of his campaign. he hadtwo years and didn't
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it and now hfeels he has to drive this point home. he is backing himself into a corner where if he concedes, it will do damage to him. people won't remember the shutdown maybe when he is running for reelection but they will remember that the wall was or wasn't built. laura: meanwhile, former economic adviser gary cohn has criticized the shutdown and even the council of economic advisor e white house says the longer it goes on it will cut 1.3% of economic growth. that has to worry the white hous anthony: absolutely. this is part of the fix donaldn trump isght now. on one hand he wants the wall built, but on the other hand of -- the more this drags on it will affect his greatest accolishment of the past two years, the u.s. economy. he talks about it all the time. if the umployment numbers tick up because people are quitting their jobs at the federal government because they cannot afford to live or it has a dragging-down effect on the u.s. economy and reduces gdp, that will affec about the u.s. economy. it is a real fix he finds himself in, and the consequences are stretching beyond just federal employeeand their
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families. it is affecting the enre economy. that is when people are going to be forced to find some sort of resolution. laura: anthony zurcher, thanks so much for joining us. at the pentagon today, president trump laid out a missile-defensf strateusing on space, a 21st-century version of ronald reagan's star wars plan. officials want to put sensors above the earth that can track missiles and shoot them down from space. here is what the president had to saye pres. trump:ll terminate any missile launches from hostile powers or even from powers that make a mistake. it won't happen, regardless of the missile type or geographic origins of the attack. we will ensure that missiles find no sanctuary on rth or in the skies above.a:
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laf that is the future of america's military deployment, let's take a look at the present. researchers in the u.s. have published a map that shows howom f erica isting terrorism in more than 40%e world's nations. miskeons,des combat drone st and other operations. the findings were published in this month's "smithsonian" magazine. i spoke to someone who put it together earlier. president trump says he is bringing american troops home. but how much has aunrica's rterrorism footprint overseas expanded since 9/11? >> we have an extensive network expansive -- network of military activity against terrorism all over the world. my colleagues anuni at brown iversity put together a set ofta nd a map that shows we are
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in 80 countries around the world doing some sort of action against terrorism. laura: the war on terror, you revealed, is not just being waged by military means. can you tell us about the other ways the u.s. is trying to combat terrorism overseas? stephae: the state department is heavily involved. they do things like training litary and police in oth countries, donating equipment like inspection equipment, and doing a whole range of soft power-ty educational programs to counter terrorism. laura: the map y have compiled shows that the u.s. has a very substantial presence in west africa, of all places. why is that, and what did you find? stephanie: that is one of theci most fting elements of this. the map faces very heavily on that region of africa, and we are doing things that the u.s. a governme u.s. military does not readily admit to..s for example,troops in 2017
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and 2018 have been engaged in pmbat in 14 different countries, includices like mali, libya, tunisia, cameroon, places we never hear about. thiseally is a shadow war in lot of ways. laura: you had to work really hard to get all of this data. has this creeping expansion of the u.s. counterterrorism footprint overseas happened without many of us noticing? stephanie: certainly. this is, as id, s shadow war. we got some information from the government. it was in state department reports and military websites. but a lot of it was through investigative journalism and other kinds of unexpected places because the government is not forthcoming with this information. laura: ithere any sign it all of the u.s. pulling back from all of these deployments to match the rhetoric aboutop bringing thome?
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stephanie: you know, we'reth talking about awing from syria, but if you think of the 79 other countries on the map, the american public, our alcongressional leaders re need to debate the vast scope of these rs, and whether it is meeting r objectives. is it making americans safer? is it reducing violence against civilians in the u.s. and elsewhere? laura: thank you so much for joining us. stephanie: my pleasure. laura: the duke of edinburgh has had a narrow escape after he was involved in a car accident near one of the royal estates. buckingham palace says the ra97-year-old was driving e rover when the crash occurred. p prinlip was seen by a doctor but was unharmed. here is royal correspondent nicholas witchell. nicholas: moments after the crash, the royal land rover lies on its side. the duke, who was in the driving seat, was helped from the
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vehicle by passersby. he was conscious but very shocke according to one witness. the accident happened on a busy a road close to west newton. it is undersod the duke was lling out from a private driveway onto the main road when the collision occurred. >> the rover was oits side, the driver's side. quite a bit of broken glass. six ordinary cars. people helping. nicholas: emergency services were on the scene quickly. two women in the other vehicle were treated in hospital forju minor es. u the duke wasurt, according ro buckingham palace. both drivers tooine breath tests. both were negative. the duke returned to where he and the queen have been staying since christmas. it is 18 mths since the duke retired from public life. although he is seen infrequently
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now, he has remain active, spending most of his time either at windsor or sandra got. the last time he and the queen were seen together at a form occasion was at the wedding of eugenie last october. r all the stuff they have at their disposal, the duke and tho queen enjoy driving themselves when they are on their private estates. and so it was in april of 2016 at windsor when president o oma and michelma paid a visit , organizing the vip guests and preparing to take the wheel for the drive to the castle was the ke, who was then 95. president obama was evidently unfazed. pres. ama: i have to say that i have never been driven by a duke of edinburgh before. [laughter] pres. obama: and i can report that it was very smooth riding.
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nicholas: but today's accident in norfolk, mercifully witouut causing seinjury, isbo d to raise questions about whether it is wise for someone who is five months short of his 98th birthday to drive on public roads. nicholas witchell, bbc news. laura: close call there for prince philip. in other news, britain's prime minister theresa mus has begun dions with other party leaders to find a way forward on brexit after her deal was rejected by parliament earlier this week. number 10 downing street said all talks have been conducted in a constructive spirit, but the leader of the opposition party, jeremy corbyn, has refused to meet with mrs. may. the palestinn health ministry in the gaza strip says hospitals may have to shut down because of fuel shortages. been oncalystem has the vefe of collapse because an israeli blockade. visiteds mishal husain
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gaza and send this report. a warning, some of the images are disturbing. it is a new and extreme burden on a health system that was already stretched to the limit. unthousands of people withot wounds. this4-year-old is one of tho injured at the weekly protest at the perimeter fence with israel. his father said he went along just as other young people have. an israeliullet went through both of his legs. there have been months of demonstrations at the boundary. many palestinians y their intentions were peaceful, although some have thrown stones and burned tires and sent incendiary kites and balloons over the fence. israel says it only uses live fire when necessary to protect infrastructure, soldiers, and
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earaeli civilians living ny. the vast majority of the gunshot wounds have been to the lower limbs -- people like this 23-year-old who was hit in the upper thigh and will need to -- two more operations and months of rehabilitation. doctors here say health care in gaza is overwhelmed. one calls it an epidemic of gunshot injuries. >> from my experience, i think -- and some some friends in the united kingdom and france and united states, if they had the same number of injuries, the health system would collapse. no other place can cope with this huge number of injuries. ormishal: even be, this hospital had acute and unmet needs.s thisgaza's biggest emergency department, which sees 500 patients every day.
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there is a long list of what a hospitals he short of -- nids, drugs, medical supplies. there is also a chshortage of power. there is not enough fuel for the backup generator they don't have enough clean water for the patients to drink, for the staff to wash their hands, or even to sterilize their instruments. for the last few years, staff here have receiv only half their salaries. some are paid by hamas, which controls gaza. others by the palestinian authority in the west bank. the blockade of gaza and its effect on the economy comes n. again and ag israel says it does not restrict most medical supplies, but gaza has little money to pay for the health needs of its people. >> our civilians, people died and injured all the time. big question, wh and why are we in the siege for 12 years?
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mishal: who do you hold responsible for what you are experiencing? >> all people, united nations, red cross, israel, palestinian authority. all of them responsible. mishal: those at the very start of their lives are among t most vulnerable, dependent on the specialist equipment and in some cases with that cannot be treated here. because the blockade restricts the movement of people, patients need to request permission to leave. this two-day-old baby with a congenital heart defect was e waiting for t permit when we filmed him. four days later he died. his permission hadn't come through. mishal husain, bbc news, gaza. gaza'sthe human cost of
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emergency. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, a diet that can keep us healthy and feed the world, but what can ee actually? the details just ahead. been billed largest peaceful gathering in the world. tens of millions of people are coming together for a hindu festival. therebbc's yogita lis for us. a: the holy men go first. ese waters are considered most sacred of all in the region. take a dip,amed the world's largest festival begins. windater is freezing, the is cold. but it is fate that brings them here.
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that mother bless us and fulfills all our wishes. my daughter got a job beuse of her." the festival comes just months before a national election and it has much more of a political color than usual. there are posters of the ruling is thth thatarpa leads up to the banks of the river, cut out for prime minister narendra modi. nationalist, such a large gathering of people presents a poly.ical opportun >> we are the people who are going to manage this kind of the new festival. the space given to the festival is nearly two times the last one held six years ago. the money spent has more than doubled. but bjb dies a political agenda. >> it is just a coincidence that
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it has come close to an election. yogita: over the next few weeks, moren than 100 millioe expected to be here. pthe largest gathering ofeople earth, just a fraction india. laura: scientistss have come out with a diet promises big things -- to keep us healtor and feed the's growing opposition and prevent further damage to the planet. here is the downsideha- we would al to cut back on meat and dair here is the bbc's david ukman. all over the world there are 7 billion people to feed. insomedeveloping countries struggle to afford one meal a day. others in major nations have
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mass-produced food that can do and at the same time damage the environment. the challenge outlined in the report is how to sustain a obal population of 10 billion 112050, and prevent the million premature bebts each yeause of bad guy. in north america, people eat 6.5 times more meat than recommended. 't behing to a new diet won' easy. how practical is this for a single parent with a busy life and kids? >> impossible, i would say. very often, it depends on very good home cooking and planning. if you are feeding your children ititute, impossible -- instantd foopossible. david: the iys report that these are the guardians of an ideal dietes with much meat and much more veg. here are some of thegg key tions -- no more than 14 grams of red meat a day.
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this little tiny piece here. more than 13 grams of egg -- not a whole egg just a quarter of one. for all grades, 232 -- whole grains, 232 grams. day, but it grams a has got to be colorful --, red green, and orange. the authors recommend that if we stick to this diet, will not only be good for the health, it will be good for the planet. >>t corresponds to one hamburger per we, e juicy steak once a month. it is not eliminating red meat by any means. david: beef in particular has an impact because cattle give off methane,ba which adds to g warming. getting too much can lead to heart trouble and obesity. eating it has applications for
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us and the planet. david shukman, bbc news. laura: what we should be eating. when the new york knicks played asin london tonight, there something missing, their star center enes kanter. th is because the 26-year-old from turkey feared for his life if he made the trip. kanter has been a critic of turkey's president. turkish prosecutors have issued a wrant for his arrest. he has been speaking to our rrpondent. reporter: he is the nba star who is not afraid ofonontation, both on the court and now off. enes kanter is a wanted man in turkey. the government claimed he s linked to the failed plot to overthrow the turkh president, which he denies. speaking to me in his home of aynew york, kanterhis fears are justified. are you worried you will be sent back to turkey? enes: yes, because everybody said you were just talking and have no evidence. but when my team was flying to
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london, the turkish government put a red notice under my name, interpol. ac soon as i left the plane, they would send meto turkey. report: do you feel you have been proven right? enes: yes. reporter: kanter has been a long-standg critic of president erdogan, seen here th theresa may. he believes mr. erdogan is a dictator who will target anyone who criticizes him. enes: if i step in turkey, you probably won't hear a word for me ever again. reporter: you fear you will be killed?es i will be killed -- i don't know what they will do, but i know it will be very ugly. heporter: we put this to t turkish authorities, but haven't had a response. ce 26-year-old says it has been years since he hadtact with his parents in turkey for fear of reprisal. he is worried about even going to the shops in the u.s. on his own. the knicks play at madison square garden, one of the
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wo.d's most famous aren the nba wants to take basketball around the world. but it seems going global means getting caught up in other countries' pblems. kanter admits he feels bad about letting his teammates down by . f traveling to the u the match tonight, but he feels ishis causigger than basketball. enes: i'm risking everything -- i'm risking my life, my family, everybody i love around me, to only one thing -- stand up forts human ristand up for freedom, stand up for democracyt whatever happeme, my family, anybody, i will not back e wn. riporter: he is test sports star in a who is using his platform to highlight political issues. but it comes at a cost. and kanter says he'fectively trapped in the country for years to come. laura: if you are curious, the
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wizards beat the knicks in the final seconds, 101-100. you can find all the day's news on our website. i am laura trevelyan. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> ith the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stayo- update with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentatione is made possy the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> a new chapter begins. >> now you can access more of your favore pbs shows than ever before, with pbs passport, a member s nefit that lets you binge many of the latest showd catch up on your favorites.
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ctaptioning sponsored by newshour produns, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, on day 27 of thshutdown, the tug-of- war between the white house and capitol hill heats up, as president trump cancels house speaker nancy pelosi's overseas trip. then, president trump announces plans to build up missile defense systems to stop possible missile attacks launched against the u.s. and, we sit down with colin o'brady, who completed a record 54 day solo crossing of antarctica. >> my entire sort of personal reason for going and doing this project was to push the limits i human potential. anought what better way than to see how far i can go in a single push to finish. >> woodruff: all that and more


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