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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  July 2, 2019 3:00pm-4:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good ev wing. i'm judyoodruff. on the newshour tonight: inside the detention centers. congressman joaquin castro on the conditions for migrants in u.s. custody he and other lawmakers witnessed firshand. then, what next in hong kong. we are on the ground, following protests that aim to transform the relationship with mainland china. plus, "making the grade." how new york city is failing to incrndse the number of black a latino students at its elite public high schools.>> hen you look at not only the race of the students thates get seats, but also the financial status of these h students, thave the financl means to afford
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test prep or other sessions or tutors that other low income students simply do not. mo>> woodruff: all that anre, on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> life well-planned. learn more at >> text night anday. >> catch it on replay. >> burning some fat. ca sharing the latest vira >> you can do the things you like to do with a wireless plan designed for you. with talk, text and data. consumer cellular. learn more at >> babbel. a language pgram that teaches spanish, french, italian, german, and more.
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>> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: s >> this program de possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbo stfrom viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: the u.s. government will print the forms for the 2020 census without a question about citizenship. the justice department confirmed the decision late today. t last wee u.s. supreme court barred adding the citizenship question unless the administration gave a better explanation for including it. president trump initialled for delaying the census for as long as necessary. a military court in san dieg has acquitted navy seal edward gallagher of murdering a suspectemilitant in iraq.
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gallagher was found not guilty of all charges today, except for posing with the dead man's body. he could get four months of confinement. the ways and means committee of thu.s. house of representatives went to federal court today to gain access totr presidenp's tax returns. the panel filed suit against the treasury department and the s internal revenvice after they refused to comply with an earlier request. the committee is investigating the president's tax and business dealings. the president is touting his fourth of july plans for the nation's capital. he tweeted this morning about a display of military tanks and ao aerial fr. the white house said he also plans to deliver a speech at the lincoln memorial. aides said it will be purelypa iotic, but senior counselor kellyanne conway suggested a potical theme as well. >> thematically, how wonderful this country is, our troops and
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military, r great democracy and great call to patriotism, the success of this administtion in opening up so many jobs for individuals, what we've done foreterans. there's no final form yet, but ll hear the whole speech. >> woodruff: the president wanted a large military parade in washington 2017, but officials scuttled the plan, partly over the cost. the trump relection campaign sayst raised $105 million in the year's second quarter. the total also includes money raised by the publican national committee and joint fundraising groups. the campaign says that it has $100 million in cash on hand. china's communist government has given full support to hong kong's embattled executive, a day after protesters stormed the city legislature. beijing said today that the several hundred pro-democracy activists committed "serious
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illegal acts." en will hear from foreign affairs corresponick schifrin in hong kong, later in the program. in brussels, members of the european union have broken a adlock and agreed on a new set of leaders. they nominated belgian prime minister charles michel today t head the europuncil. france's christine lagarto was nominateead the european centl bank. the deadlock had split eastern and western europe, largely over immigratn. but german chancelor angela merkel said they finally came gether. >> ( translated ): and it took a lot of effort and commitment from all those involved, as well as a great willingness to compromise. said today when i went in, that everyone would have to move a bit. >> woodruff: the european parliament is sefor an official vote on the nominees tomorrow. lawmakers in austria have approved a total ban on glyphosate, the active ingredient in monsanto's "roundup" weed killer.
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today's action makes austria the first country in the european union to take that step. the herbicide has already been banned or restricted in 17 other countries, and in somemerican cities. opponents say that glyphosate causes cancer. monsanto parent company, bayer, insists it is safe. a total eclipse of the sunss stretched acwaths of the southern hemisphere today. astronomers flocked to northern ile, where views were best. thousands of tourists joinin themuding some who clearly came for the fun of the total e lasted 2.5 minutes. and on wall street, the dow jones industrial average gained 69 points to close at 26,786. the nasdaq rose nearly 18 points, and the s&p 500 added eight. and, in the women's world cup of soccer, thu.s. beat england,
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2 to 1 in their semi-final match in france. the americans now advance to sunday's final. they will play the winner of tomorrow's semi-finamatch between sweden and the netherlands. we will get details of today's win, lat in the program. and, still to come on the newshour:an nside look at conditions at u.s. detention centers holding migrants. on the ground in hong kong after yesterday's destructive protests against mainland china. and, much more. >> woodruff: we are getting new details from inside migrant detention facilities at the southeder, including reports of "dangerous overcrowding and prolongedio dete-- and that's from
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the department of homeland security's own inspector general. as lisa desjardins reports, o more membecongress are stepping into these facilities and sharing their accounts of the conditions. >> desjardins: across the country today, dozens of protests-- like in austin,di inapolis, and outside senator lindsey graham's office in south carolina-- all demanding better treatment for migrts in u.s. custody and closure of what the left-leaning groups behind the event call "camps." a different outcry came from within the department of homeland security itself. its inspector general released another alert, the second since may, about dangerous overcrowding. photos taken in june show adults and children packed into fenced cages-- like the toddler held on the left here-- or in rooms, forced to lay nearly on top of one another. the inspector general wrot "some adults were in standing- room-only space for over a week and could not change clothes for at least a month." at least one manager called the
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situation a "ticking time bomb." and more news-- last night, we learned that a 30-year-old immigrant in this houston-area detention facility was found unresponsive and later died. immigration and customs enforcement-- yi ice-- said mi alexis balderramos-torres of honduras had been in u.s. custody tharly a month. after a tense last day that included a small but raucous group of protesters waiting for democratic members of congress after they toured detention facilities, including this one in clint, texas. e lawmakers described cramped, unsanitary cells, some with sick children, and people being left r weeks. >> i will never forget the image of being in a cell andeeing 15 women, tears coming down their faces, as they talked about being sepated, about having no running water, and not being able to know when they were going to get out.
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>> desjardins: the small group of hecklers was loud, demanding "bui the wall" and yelling racial slurs. massachusetts congresswoman ayanna pressley. >> keep yelling. this is very appropriate.r vile rhetoric le actions, hateful rhetoric for hateful behavior. i am tired of the health and the safety, the humanity and the full freedoms of black and brown children being negotiated. >> desjardins: this as the associated press obtaid video of 12-year-old girl telling her attorney about conditions inside the clint, texas processing center. >> ( translated ): there were many children and they were treated badly. they didn't bathe. they gave them little food. children were crying. some children did not sleep, almost. it was ugly in there. s >> desjardin spent 12 days in that center. children are supposed to remaina in bordeol facilities for no more than 72 hours.m a new report fopublica raised other questions, exposing large facebook groups for border
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agents, in which some people joked about migrant deaths and posted demeaning, sexually violent images of democratic members of congress. in a statement, border patrol chief carla provost called it "completely inapprriate," and any officers involved "will be held accountable." back in washington, president trump expressed his support for the border patrol in general. >> they're patriots, they're great people. they love our country. >> desjardins: he also claimed his immigration policies are helping his approval among hianic voters. >> number one, they don't want to lose their they don'tto take a pay cut. .nd most importantly, they don't want to have cri >> desjardins: but a june marist/pbs newshour/npr poll showed just a arter of hispanics approve of the job president trump is doing, with over 60% disapproving. late today, another group of democrats visited the homestead edgrant children's facility in florida, and pleo keep coming. for the pbs newshour, i'm lisa desjardins. >> woodruff: for a first-hand account inside the migrant detention facilities, i spoke with representative
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joaquin castro of texas. he is chair of the congressional hispanic caucus, and organized the tour yesterday. congressman castro, thank you very much for joining us. you and the other mbers of the congressional hispanic caucus were at the border yesterday. we know conditions there have been bad for a long time in these facilities to hold migran are they worse now? >> they've gotten worse under the trump administration because the administration really hasn't made an effort to move people out of the system quickly, for example. rather than moving them out of the system, they're holding them for longer periods of time. some of the women we visited with from cuba yesterday, some had been in the facility for over 5days. they'd gone, some of them, 15 days without being able to take a bath or a shower. they're existing on -- subsisting on ramen noodles and
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granola bars. i their sithe cell was not working. so except for bottled water the could get from outside, they didn't have drinking water in the cell. h they also didnve water to wash their hands after they went to the restroom. so things have gotten worse because of how this chadministration has appr this issue. >> woodruff: you took your own video with your own smartphone device to record what you were seeing. why did you do that? >> well, we asked the border patrol folks wha laws prevent legislators who have oversight authory over these agencies from documenting what's going on, and the border patrol chil,, chief hul would not cite a specific law. there was also an attorney present, and she also didn't cite any spe.cific law so i don't believe that they have the authority to keep legislators, membersarf congress whsupposed to oversee
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these agencies, i don't know i don't think they have t authority to keep us from documenting what's going on ther most especially because they don't allow the press in to to the women or children or others detained th so if you don't let the press in and you're also saying you're not going to let the legislative branch in, then you're basically asking the country to allow you to patrol yourself, and that's just unacceptable. >> woodruff: how doenes som get to the bottom of what conditions are like there? you obviously saw a lot of this with your own eyes. some of the members of the eaucus said they believed id had been cld up, straightened up, knowing that you would be coming to visit.ue myion is how do you get to the bottom of it? obviously, the administration saying a lot of these worse descriptions are just not true. >> there a very easy way to handle that. number one, there's a lot of o video, there arhead cameras all over the facilities, so there's a video that comes out orould come out of the facilities, and also they could let the press in to document
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these things and if tey're going to oppose the accounts that we've given about what the women told us or what the women experienced, there's an easy way to resolve that, there's a tie breaker and it's called the press. >> woodruff: and as au know, other news organizations have been trying to get in, but very limited cess with cameras. what is the bottom line for you, congressman? what do you want for these migrants that they don't have? we know the legislation wassjust to get more money to care for them, but what more are you saying they ed? >> i think their rights to appln for asyld to be respected. they need to be moved out of these facilities as quickly as possible. they're being held way l tg unnecessarily and, rather than moving them out of facilities, the trump administration is paying these contractors, some making billions of dollars, to keep these people there longer dnd longer, and that's just something we sho be doing. we need to change that system.
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it's also not just a matter of like i said, they're not getting the medical treatment they need, pery're not getting the pro standards of care, so it's not just a matter of pumping moreto cash in a broken system, it's also about changing these andards. >> woodruff: and when you call on these things to happen, the administration doesn't move, what happens?t, >> you're riudy. it's very difficult because it basically, what we try -- we made a strong push to change the standards in this last supplemental bill, but you basically run into the buzz saw of mitch mcconnell who controls the senate, and th president trump who's not sympathetic to the asylum seekers. so the are many people in congress, and of course, among the american people that want to see these things chae, but we're in divided government right now, and you've got a lot people who either are unwilling or simply don't care enough to change the way this are going. >> woodruff: you also have, as you saw at one of the news
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conferences, you and the other members had near the border, near alpaso, protesters who showed up and were shouting some fair ugly guage at mem cbers ngress. is the public reaction, you think, more hostile than it was? >> it seems that way. this is the first time that i have been part of a press conference like that where people are so visrain their reactions. particularly, they were all wearingmake america great again hats and some people the trump flags, trump 2020. obviouy, they have a right to protest, but there is this visceral anger in them and a disrespect. forget the politicians, but a complete disrespect for the human beings who are inside that facility who areng simply tr to petition for asylum which is legal under u.s. and international law, and i think donald trump, because of the way he is, because of his behavior and rhetoric, has given tse people license to be as mean as
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they want to be. >> woodruff: there was aa report, congressman, as you know, pro pl propublica reedpo on a secret group of border agents who were sharing racist and offensive comments about the migrants. n at should hap these individuals involved in are you confident the administration isn to handle that situation as it should be? >> well, they should be fed. everybody who made those vulgar anand vile comments, who threatened members of congress, who made light of migrants dying crossing in the river and made all these other remarks, they are desensitized to the point of be ig dangerous to the peopn their custody and co-workers.y, and reaf you look at what they said, they're not fit to wear any uniform that rresents the united states of america,
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and ip exect that cbp will do a thorough investigation, get rid of the people responsible, and that cono ess will also dits own investigation. >> woodruff: congressman joaquin castro, thank you very much for joining us. >> thank you. od >> woodruff:, the chinese government strongly condemned the protesters who broke intorn the seat of gont in hong kong last night, and trashed the legislative chamber. yesterday, hundreds of thousands of demonstrators marched peacefully, on the 2 anniveary of the hand-over of hong kong from the united kingdom to the people's republic of china. their main objection: a bill that would allow for suspected criminals to be extradited to mainland china. a separate, more aggresse group smashed windows of t legislative council, known asef legco, and bri occupied it.
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last night, our foreign affairs correspondent nick schifrin reported from inside the building and interviewed one of the occupiers. today, nick spokwith a legislative councilor who was a member of two litical parties considered pro-beijing. michael tien began by striking a conciliatory tone towards protestors who, just last night, ransacked his office. ey are very frustrated because they feel th voices have not been heard, and they feel that government has failed them and that legco, whm voters put into office, as a whole, have not been listening to them or addressing their concerns. i think the massive turnout is about do we still have a high degree of autonomy that was
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promised us or has it been eroding. eroding. >> reporter: so you seem to say you understd their frustration, anger and anxiety about their futures. why is that? >> all the vandalism, all the graffiti, anything, it's no meant do any permanent damage. it's simply to show their frustration because of the fact that 22 years down the road, we still have not moved forward with any kind of political reform, all right, the relationships including chief executive has gone sour. making it mortie democand a government of the people has not materialized, so the high handed way the government handled the bill with the government com
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out in full support of the bill, i think further adds to the frustration. >> reporter: let's talk about how the government should spond. should carrie lam step down? >> that's noeup to hr. >> reporter: who's it up to? it'she central people's government, and under the china system, you don't just quit k that. is it totally carrie lam's fault? i don't think so. no one person can do so much damage. the structure that put her into this position. so, on one hand, she is supposed to explain to hong kong people n about certaitional policies, she also has to reflect enng kong people's concern to the central gover the question is, inik strg this balance, has she been absolutely attentive to both sides? and i feel it's not just about carrie lam.
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it's basically the strture itself is an issue. >> reporter: so, today, what should happen to the extradition bill? >> i still support the fact that hong kong cannot be a haven for criminals forev. i think we're eventually going to have to deal with this issue. but the current bill opns up more problems than provides solutions. >> reporter: so why not give in to the demand oprotesters and withdraw the bill? >> t-dt's a millilar question. i have a sustpicion t was thera ce government's line. they've come out and pledged open spport for ts bil retracting even the premise is not there, the direction is wrong. suspending it indefinity and pledging to bring it back with something that can be popularly supported, i believe, is the right way.
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of all the dends made byhe protesters, i support one of them, which is to have an independent judge-like committee looking into the june 12 riot, finding out what happened withe, the polhat happened with the rioters,kay, who has done what, whether any psecution needs to be resulted, and also laying down gudelines for future use of police force. we need to do two things. one is to make people feel that they have a say in tir choice of government. secondly, to not let people lose faith in our police force. >> reporter: sir, thank you very much for your time. >> woodruff: stay with
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comip on the newshour: the state of u.s. soccer aftern' the womenational team wins in the world cup semi-finals. plus, a new book on the power of the pioneering hip-hop group a tribe called quest. there has been much attention about college admissions in light of the recent scandal. but, there are real questions as well, about equiin and diversity ublic high schools. that looms especially large in new york city, the lgest school district in the country. in the second of a two-part report, hari sreenivas delves into the controversy around the city's efforts to eliminate a decades-old test required to get into one of the elite public high schools. it's part of our education series, "making the grade." >> inference question. what's so annoying about an inference question? >> sreenivasan: 7th grade students in jackson heights, queens are preparing for an
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exam. the specialized high school admissions test, or shsat, is the sole requirement to gain admission to one of the eight such high schools in new york city. this year stuyvesant high school, the school with the highest cutoff score on the test, made headlines when, out of the nearly 900 spots it had available, only seven went to black students so the test has become the center of a fierce debatebe een academic rigor, equal access, and diversity in theze speciahigh schools in new york city. black and latino students make up 70% of the studentsw york city. yet this year, they received just over 10% of the offers from the eight schools. >> we are integrate n.y.c.! ( cheers and applause ) >> senivasan: a group of new york city high school students inlling themselves "integrate n.y.c." is protethe city's admissions practices. they see the test as a huge barrier for many stuwho don't have a strong support network or access to certaince reso such as test prep. >> it's not balanced and it's not fair for everybody in general.
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>> i didn't know anyone that was going to take the test that was fairly on my level, or how to study for that test. >> when you look at not only the race of the students that get these seats, but also the financial status of these students, where they have the financial means to afford test prep or other sessions or tutors that other low income students simply do no >> sreenivasan: so it's a matter of access to resources even before you get to the test? >> yeah. >> sreenivasan: a year ago, new york city schools chancellor richard carranza and mayor bill de blasio announced a plan to phase out and eventually eliminate the test. >> thank you for your courageous leadership, mr. mayor. >> sreenivasan: they proposed replacing it with a system that reserves the majority of spotsp for the of students from each of the city's middle schools, which wouldta suially increase the number of black and hispanic students. it's a "top performers" model,
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similar to that of the university of texas system, in eiich high school students who are in the top 10%rto class get autic admission into one of the state's public universities. >> the mechanism by which students have the opportunity to go to these schools is broken. >> sreenivasan: new york citys schoancellor carranza believes requiring a test for admission to the specialized high schoo sends the wrong message to students. >> you have to be prepped for another test that's not aligne to state standards, which you're learning every day, in order to get the opportunity to go to a public school. i just think that's not what public educations about. >> sreenivasan: if you went through the eighth grade and did all your homework, you still wouldn't be prepared for the test? >> maybe, maybe not. the test isn't necessarily aligned to the state standards, so it's a tricky test. of five answers for a question, three of them are correct, but one of them is more correct. so it's about learning how to take the test, rather than really testing what you know. >> sreenivasan: but the proposal
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to eliminate the shsat faces a significant political hurdle: the test is mandated by state law. the only way to eliminate it is nge the law, and that's not an easy task. >> keep the test! keep the test! >> sreenivasan: asian students have performed especially well on the shsat: they make up more than 60% of students at the specialized high schools, though they represent only 15% of the city's student population. >> the asian community was completely excluded, not inadvertently, but intentionally and deliberately. >> sreenivasan: at a community forum in queens, organized by nystate senator john liu, parents and alumni of the elite schools showed their support for the test. >> taking away the test will marginalize oprtunities for thousands of students, mostly low-incomend mostly immigrant. >> sreenivasan: and some worried that the proposal is sowin division between the asian and black and latino students. >> we ed more great stem schools so that we're not forced
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to divvy up the 5,000 seats among 80,000 eighth graders,p pitting one grainst the other. >> sreenivasan: supporters of the shsat proposed other ways to increase diversity, such as expanding accelerated, or gifted and talented, programs at the k-8 level in underrepresented communities. >> i'm here today to share some of our best practices with you. >> sreenivasan: ivan khan, an humnus of bronx science h school, one of the highly selective specialized high schools, is pushing for that approach. he's also the c.e.o. of khan tutorial, a test prep cent that offers classes on how to take the specialized high school exam. it serves mostly children of bangladeshi immigrants in queens. >> i think the mayor's plan is deeply flawed, and he's not willing to admit the inequity that exists in the k-8 systemac ss new york city, particularly in black, brown and asian neighborhoods. >> sreenivasan: so pare going to automatically look at this and say, "well, of course, of runs a testing center. he's making moneof that flawed system." so how do you fix it? more so than a test pre
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owner, i'm a lifelong new yorker first, and i'm a prool public scroduct of new york city public schools from the late '80s and '90s. i've seen thchanges that the city has made to the exam. the problem is, anighth grade class in the bronx, unfortunately, may be fabehind a sixth grade class in a morebo privileged neiood in our public school system. i think the first step is to fix the pipeline, by ensuring that there are expanded opportunities for accelerated learners from kindergarten, first and second grade. >> sreenivasan: we met with a group of 7th graders and their parents at khan tutorial. e students plan to take the test for the specialized high schools this fall. >> we want to get into these schools because we want a better opportunity to learn. like, sometimes the schools around us, like, they might not have all of the resources needed for us to achieve our goals. i want to instance become a software engineer when i grow up. i
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s not just the education itself, it's the caliber of students and the teachers that u're surrounded by. >> sreenivasan: what does he need to know that he has to go to iutoring for? uess to take the test better? and just to make sure that theyg can time mbetter. >> sreenivasan: but chancellor carranza says that the city's own free tutoring program has d not improversity at the specialized high schools. >> i personally went to a fair in the bronx where we broughte ddle school students that would be the top of their class. we did it in spanish and in english. we gave them materials. we brought the principals of the specialized schools. and the relts this year were even worse than last year. when you have 70% of the 1.1 million students who are black and latino-- those families shso want a fai. they don't want a guaranteed spot. and currently, the system's not fair f them. >> sreenivasan: the "integrate n.y.c." students want to see ay diversan that goes well beyond the specialized high schools, and addresses the more
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thangh schools with tests and other requirements. >> there's other schools that have screens, or also inrviews and auditions.h and even thoug's called "school choice," oftentimes the school actually chooses you. >> sreenivasan: for now, nothing about that system has changed. new york city students will still need to take the shsat test to get into the specialized high schools. propos eliminate the test has not reached the floor in either the state assembly or senate for a vote. in the meantime, the mayor and chancellor have expanded a diversity initiative known as "discovery program" to about 13e of thealized high school population. the program admits students froa asadvantagegrounds attend high poverty schoo scored just below the cutoff score on the shsat. they plan to expand the program 20% of seats at each specialized high school by next year. orr the pbs newshour, i'm hari sreenivasan in new
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>> woodruff: the u.smen's national soccer team is returning to the world cup final for the third straight time, afayr winning a nail biter t against england. rl was close from the outset, as both teams scored y. team u.s.a. scored first, with a goal from kristen press, who played instead of co-captain megan rapinoe. england retaliated soon after. then, the u.s.'s other co-captain, alex morgan, scoredh second goal. in the second half, england appeared to tie the match, but the goal was taken back on a penalty call. england d one more shot to tie it on a penalty kick. it was steph houghton ainst the american goalie alissa naeher.
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>> woodruff: on sunday, the u.s. wie defend its world cup ti against the winner of the netherlands-sweden match. briana scurry knows something about winning saves. she was the starfong goalkeeper the u.s. women's nation soccer team in the '90s, and was two-time olympic gold medalist. she wathe goalie for the 1999 world cup chamons. briana scurry, welcome back to the "newshour". >> thank you. >> woodruff: you were celebrating, you were pumping your fist just now watching that. explain what happened today. >> so today was an amazing win for the u.s.a. but also, throughout the entire tournament, the goal keeping of the u.s.a. has been a question mark because alissa mayer, this is her first time playingn a major tournaments world cup or olympics, so for her to make the huge save at the end o game was so crucial for her to be able to prove to ourself andu. everyone tha.a. is here to play and that she's a big part of this team. >> woodrf: was there a
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question about that before? >> there was a little question about it because whenever a goal t'keeper comes in and is the first time, you don't know what you're going to get. even though the u.s.a. has hada really great run at the tournament, alissa hasn't had to do a whole t up until today. >> woodruff: so a lot of conversation before the game was getting started that megan rapino was not going to be playing, that she didn't warm up, yet they won. does that tell us something? >> wha it tells you is this is 23 plays, it's aentire team. megan, when needed, does her jow incredibl. she scored two goals the game before and the game before thta but today wasn't able to go. i believe it was a slight hamstring injure they didn't think was able to go through, eat, you know what, them picked up. kristen came, in played, got a goal, alex morgan finished i off and alissa did her part. >> woodruff: a team with depth, is that what y're
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saying. >> absolutely. this is the deepest team i've seen. you have two eleven-side teams that are just as fantastic as any other team in ts tournament. >> woodruff: so how much competition was england? i heard some conversation afterwards about the foreign nation they ed and so forth. how did you see that? >> a tournament like this is interesting because a team will play a certain way the entire way through the tournament, and england had been playing incredibly well.a but when a comes up against the united states, they often change their system or the personnel and that's exactly what england did. they did have a great run at it. they did have an opportunity, as you saw, in the video, they almost tied the game, and, so, they had a fantastic run at it. they really should be proud of what they've done. n >> woodruff: aw, as we say, the u.s. will face the winner of netherlands, sweden, and people have been talking over the last couple of weeks about how the european tea have been doing better, they've almost been inspired by the u.
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what's going on there? >> it's a fantastic story. i think nr me, i 1999, when our team did incredibly well in the world cup, at essentially created just a burst of activity and interest in women's soccer not only in our country but all around the world and, so, now what you're sing two decades later, a lot of these programs have had funding put into them and now these wom's teams are really making a play to be the top dog on the world stagnde, a that's what you're seeing, essentially have two european teams playing for the final tomorrow and the united states getting through the final. >> woodruff: so the little girls watching 20 years ago or whose families were sitting around the tv or in the stadium wahing are w able to play themselves. >> yeah, it's an amazing thing isn't it for me, it's sov gratifying to see these players who saw my '99 team do something andow they're doing the exact samein >> woodruff: so there's more interest in women's soccer.
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ho i was reading numbers today about how many people, a billion globally.llowing this how much of a change has there been? >> it's enormous. it's exploded, really. i think social media is really big part of that change, not only social media but also sponsorship. nike and all these different sponsors, allstate and coca-cola are now a part of the amazing sponsorship that u.s. soccer has, and th alone, these companies have put this team out there so people can connect, understand and get to know them. with sociamedia, each plyer has their individual brand and you get to feel u know them. you feel you know alex becauselo yo on her social media and know where she had coffee this morning. there wasn't that when i played. >> woodruff: the sowcht the companies, did that follow the rise in public interest? chicken or the egg, how did that ofppen? >> i think, firsll, it was
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the fact that we were very successful in '99 and throughout. you know, we win and we win the world cup, wen the gold medals. every team, corporation has to be a winner, that's something we ve for decades. but also you see so many different kinds of women tharot come h on the team, but they all have the qualities that are great standards for companies to be a pars of. when you have a winner coupled with gre aat personalitid people that really resemble somebody you want to get behinit easy for companies to get on board. >> woodruff: at the same time, we know there is still a disparity in p for men between what men are paid and what women are paid for the same sport, and we know there's been a lawit. right. >> woodruff: that is now, i guess, in mediation. >> yes. going touff: are we see that gap close or how much are we going to see what women are paid come closer to what the
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men earn? >> i think, ever since 1999, my team started the whole battle with equality and equity pay, and i think, now, 20 years later, the lawsuit was the next step, the next chapter, if you will, in that battle against u.s. soccer to get equality. for team that is not only incredibly successful. so that was an issue. but very popular. money is coming in. g revenue is beierated. for the last several years, the women's team have generatu at least as if not more than men every single year. so the argument bout you don't generate or get ratings, those arguments aren't valid anymore. now society is different. you have all w themen who were just voted into congress recently, you have the #metoo movement, it's just a difre environment. it's time for u.s. soccer to show they're not only just the governing body for soccer for boys and men but also for women
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and girls. >> woodruff: so, cle want to win for the u.s. women's in the final. >> yes. >> woodruff: what more do you want for u.s. women's soccer?wa >> what is i want everybody to see the amazing inspiration these women are. they are out there, even thoug ey are having this battle going on behind the scenes, they aretill out there expressing themselves, doing their jobs, b making it worng very personal. they're inspiring not only a nation but a world really. i think it's important that u.. soccer and other sponsors get behind them and lift them up ane ble to have a next world cup or next olympics where we're actually not having to fight anymore for equal pay. >> woodruff: i think of the little girls watching. it m be their turn 20 years from now. >> exactly.ia >> woodruff: scurry, ledge tear for women's u.s. soccer, thank you. >> thank you for having me.
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>> woodruff: and now, the continuing legacy of a pioneer hip-hop group that crossed genres and influenced artists in the field, as seen through a new memoir. amna nawaz has our latest conversation from our "bookshelf," and part of our ongoing arts andulture coverage, "canvas." >> nawaz: from their very firstu alm in 1990, called "people's instinctive travels and the paths of rhythm," the queens- based group, a tribe called quest, walked the path all their own. ♪ ♪ex their ploratory sounds, dlayering jazz samples an pairing them with socially conscious lyrics, and their inescapable beats and albums-- ♪ ♪ like "the low end theory" and in"midnight marauders"-- d their work and redefined what
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rap and hip hop coulbe. ♪ ♪ but it was the unique chemistryh between e core members, q-tip, phife dawg, and ali shaheed muhammad, that drove their creative process. tribe's musiwas both critically and commercially successful, and their 1998 breakup left their legion fans devastated. 18 years later, they reemerged with one last declaration: a 2016 album called "we got it from here... thank you 4 your service." ♪ ♪ recorded in secret, and released just days after the presidential election, offering what one review called "the best musical release valve the country could hope for." their music and their impact are now immortalized in a new book by poet and cultural critic hanif abdurraqib, called "god ah the rain: notes to a tribe called quest."
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hanife joins me here now. t welcome newshour. >> thank you for having me. >> nawaz: so this is anal intensely persook. it's more like "love letters and notes," as you say in the title to the band. what was it about this group, inr you as a kid growing u ohio, that spoke to you? >> yes, so i grew up in columbus, ohio. but my parents and two of my four siblings wereorn on the east coast in new york. my older siblings were into y hip hop, but it was largst coast hip hop, and a tribe called quest was a group that kind of passed quality controly inuse. g d, my parents didn't always love us listenin rap, but we could listen to a tribe called quest because of the consciousness of their lyrics, or because of the jazz samples. and so, that was the first rap group that i felt like i could listen to in the house and not feel like i was getting away with something. >> nawaz: you call yourself, in the book, "decidedly weird." you described the band, too, as walking a thin line of weirdness, themselves.on all the members, you also seemed to mostly closely identify with phife dawg. why was that?
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>> well, because i'm short. and what i love most about phife is, you know, i come from a place where, if you can't fight, you should be funny, you know? ♪ ♪ you have to have a slick tongue to get your stuff out of whatever you get yourself into. and phife was onofof those kind eople. you could kind of tell that he had the spirit of someone whoed had tais way out of theus many treacheituations. that really came through in the work. >> nawaz: you link af the music, and the time at which you took it in, to things that were going on in your life. d in one of these chapters, you actually write a letter to phife's mom.nt and we should n, of course, he passed away in march of 2016 from complications from diabetes. why did you decide to write that letter to her? >> well, one, i am a poet. she is a pt, and i love her work as a poet. such a great deal. i first heard cheryloyce taylor read poems in a packed room when i was sitting on the
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floor in the very back. and i did not know at the time she was phife's mother. but there is something so rhythmic about the quality of her voice. in the book, i parallel their wring. i parallel her writing and his writing and show kind of how they are married in me ways. also, i am a person who lost his mother. i lost my mother as a teenager, and she is a mother who lost her son. and i felt like, in that way, we are a kind of siblings in a very specific type of grief. >> nawaz: one of the things you do throughout the whole book, you talk about the beating of rodney king. you talk about the uprising in los anles. you talk about the shootings of philando castile, and others. what was it you were trying to do in making those connections in ts book? i think the stakes are raised when music criticism understands the world that music is being i releaso, because that affects the way that music is heard. that affects the way that peoplt engage wit that affects the way that people 'rescape from the world th living in, or run to it with
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re vigor, right. it was important for me to write about a tribe called quest with the same kind of historiatl reverence e see the beatles written about, we see the rolling stones written about. i waed to give a tribe calle quest the same kind of reverence. at nawaz: so a tribe called quest had a sound as uniquely all their own. but they clearly pulled from other places.ce they influa lot of other people. where did they kind of exist in the american musical landscape? >> a tribe called quest was, at least in t early days before samp rules changed, pulling from so many different elements of jazz and funk and rhythm, from, you know, decades before theyade music. and in some ways, that is rebuilding a new lineage of listeners to that old music, right? in reframing the idea of what american music is, which is about, you know, the backbone of american music is black music. and so a tribe called quest really did a good job, i think, of completing that arc from the past to the present.
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>> nawaz: for anyone out there who has never heard a trib song, what is it you want them to take away from this book, and what is it you want them to know about the place the tribe holds in our musical history? >> you know, the thing i think about all the time is that, if someone has never heard a tribee called and they come to this book, it's really-- yes, ap book about aroup-- but fre particularly, a book that is examining howdom seeps into our lives, right. it's a book that examines what it is to love a musician or aic group of mns and have your life so intertwined with theirs. understanding that you may never meet them. so yes, this is a book allut "a tribe quest," but it is also a book for anyone who has ever found themselves iteply in lovemusic or the people who make music. >> nawaz: the book is "go ahead and the rain: notes to a tribe called quest." hanif abdurraqib, thanks for being here. >> thank you so much for having me.
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>> woodruff: now, to our "newshour shares." story book hours often seek to entertain young children while inspiring a love of reading. but, one organization is turning the tables on who is turning the pages. the newshour's julia griffin explains. >> reporter: at the adams morgan community center in washington, d.c. recently, parents and their tiny tots sat patiently, riveted by a story book, and its reader. >> "'wake up, bear,' said mole, 'spring is here'." >> reporter: this is drag queen story hour. it's your assic children's reading program, with a twlit: the day's terary leader is a erger-than-life drag queen. >> everybody wave h other, make a friend next to you, okay? >> reporter: author michelle tea first created drag query hour in san francisco in 2 i5. its goal, pire a love of
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reading while teaching deeper lessons diversity, self-love and an appreciation of others. >> "everyone is dierent and everyone is not bad, said scooter, who is a turt. different is special." >> reporter: today, readings take place alibraries, museums and other cultural centers in more tha30 cities across the country. some are small affairs, but many, like the one in fuwashington, d.c., play t houses. >> i just love drag queens in general. it's a great opptunity to combine having a little one and enjoying the performance of drag. i hink it's important that oo see different people. that mom and daddifferent from other people, and lots of people love you and have stories for you and we can learn from everybody. >> reporter: johanna percell is a children's librarian with d.c. public library. >> it's just really been obviouh there was a need for this in our community. >> reporter: the library partnered with the d.c. chapter of drag queen story hour to bring the family friendly events to the nation's capital. >> we talk a lot in children's literature about stories being
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th windows and mirrors, so drag queen story hour can be doing therbe a kid here who is seeing themselves reflected in a queen and see the poatibility for heir lives could be, and, then if not, there's a child that's seeing how someone else lives. >> let's try this with nails. oops, one down. ( laughter )in >> reporter: d, who goes by j.j. vera when not in drag, has been performing drag at local d.c. bars and theaters for more than ree years. she first learned about the organization after other drag queen story urs faced pushback from community groups objecting to what they see as l.g.b.t.q. themes being prese.ed to childr new york city's drag queen story hour head, rachel aimee. ry>> a lot of drag queen s hours in other parts of the country have had serious backlash, and people protesting their events and disrupting them sometimes, in some cases, even events have been canceled. >> reporter: the new york city chapter now runs the whole organization's website and social media channels, and sets
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guidelines for how to run drag queen story hour events. >> we do provide support and guidance to chapters who are facing that backlash. >> reporter: in the big apple, drag queen story hours have become so popular that the chapter now offers events in spanish and for children with autism a other special needs. the chapter also hosts drag queen fashion design and makeup workshops for older kids. the point, aimee said, is to create safe spaces for anyone interested in participating. l.g.b.t.q. kids often don't see themselves reflected in the broader culture, so it can b life-changing, and even life- saving to have that kind of affirming programming in their lives and schools. >> reporter: and for domingx, whether the kids understood what a drag queen is, wasn' point. instead, she was glad everyone seed to enjoy the show. >> drag queens are just here to entertain. we can read, we're intelligent. like, we are harmless. h i jue that, you know, moving forward, and it kind of just, like, stretches those imaginations a ltle bit and,
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you know, give people a little bit moreike fearlessness to take home with them. >> reporter: fearlessness with a dash of fun. ♪ goodbye for now until we meet again ♪ >> reporter: for the pbs newshour, i'm julia griffin in washington, d.c. >> woodruff: and on the newshour online right now, a new study on mice could chart a path for h.i.v. patients. the innovation eliminates dependency on medication to manage the disease by usingti gene-e with a technique known as crispr. you can learn more on our website, and that is the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. join us online, and again here tomorrow evening. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you, and we'll see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by:ab >> bbel. a language app that teaches, languake spanish, french, german, italian, and more.
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>> consumer cellular. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> the ford foundation. working with visionaries on the frontlines of sociid change worl >> carnegie coyooration of new . supporting innovations in education, democratic entgement, and the advancem of international peace and security. at >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and individuals. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you.
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thank you. captioning spowsored by ur productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh >> you're watching pbs.
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hello everyone a welcome to "amanpour & company." this week we are dipping into the archives and looking back at sme of our favorite of the year. here's what's coming up. "vogue" editor and chief anna wintour at the top of the fashio industry surveys her cultural kingdom for us in a rare interview. she tells me why her magazine kes a stand. plus -- >> we weren't back in ssissippi longer than a week when you smashed me across my face with t heel of a patrick ewing adidas because talked back. >> growing up in mississippi and the reasons behind it. then the cycle of progress and backlash in the united states. historianry