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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 14, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions from viewers like you. thank you. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.
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the dow jones dives 800 points on fears of a recession. president trump points the finger at the f. even the arctic can no longer escape plastic pollution. the snow is no longer pure and the damage is raisings for wildlife and residents. >> you look around you and you see something at you think is the pristine arctic, and it is not anymore. laura: plus, two ads in britain are pulled for gender stereotypes. does the industry need to rethink how they sell? laura: for those watd ing on pbs ound the globe, welcome to "world news america." it was a brutal day on the maets, with the dow jones dropping 800 points. fears of recession and worrying
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signs from abroad combin t to maders anxious. as it was unfolding, president trump was tweeting about the federal reserve, calling the chairman clueless. for more i spoke with the bbc's michelle fleury in new york. what really spooked the markets, michelle?mi elle: a couple of things. first ofll, you had signs from the bond market flashing red where basically we had signs that holding longer term debt would be less rewarding than holding shorter-term debt, a sign that investors don't have confidence in the prospects of the economy going forward, and an indicator historilly speaking that a ression made beyond the horizon. the last te we saw this happen, sort of an version, to -- this sort of inversion, to use the jargon, was in 2007. a lot of concern. s that was tptom. l e illness, if you like, was signs from the gloonomy that a recession may be looming.
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that came in the form of china's industrial output, which was weaker than expected and showed growth at its weakest vel in 17 years. therutwere also concerns a germany, where gdp shrank by .1% between april and june. all of this exacerbating fears at a time when the u.s. is in the middle of a trade dispute with china that shows no end in sight. laura: of course, michelle, the president hates to see his beloved stock market fall. what is he saying about the u.s. central bank? michelle: yeah, this is one of the indicators he likes to point to as a sign of how well his handling of the econ going. the problem for him is that at the moment, all the signals are flashing red. he has been taking to twitter, something of a tweetstorm, basically calling jay powell, chairman of the federal reserve, america's central clueless, and railing against it for not doing more to cut rates. it looks like they will beed foo in some ways give in
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to pressure from the president on this because the economy is looking weaker. but here's the thing, we just had a recent rate cut. it doesn't appear to be working , and if you look at a lot of data and what you are hearing from comnies in america, they are concerned about the trade dispute and this uncertainty, and they want to see an end to that. that is what might help things rather than any cut in interest rates at t moment. laura: michelle fleury, thank you. now to shocking revelations about the scale of plastic pollution. scientists have confirmed they of plasticicle falling in snow in the arctic. the cause is tiny particles carried from the winds from thousands of miles away. it is alarming for all who live there, the people and animals. our environmenl analyst traveled to the arctic circle as the research was being carried out. here is his special report. reporter: the arctic, a place of cistine beauty.
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smothered with snoan and pure. or that is how it appears. but it is an illusion. arctic snow is tainted with micro plastics and rubber particles and clothing fibers. ven the amount of pollution in the atmosphere, this is perhaps hardly surprising that we are finding micro plastics in snow. but we have such a strong beliei in the ess purity of this stuff that some people will find this news rather shocking. dr. melanieergman led the research. the first stage involves a bit low technology, a dessert spoon and a flask. >> i think we e not treating our planet very thoughtfully. basically, we produce all the packaging terials, we cover
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everything in polymer-based varnish, we use a lot of rubberc we also find in snow samples, and don't even think about what is happening to this in the environment. reporter: but few people live here. where on earth do the pollutants come from? >> we know that most of what wez are ang over there and measuring are long-range transported pollution coming from the continent, coming from asia, coming from all over the world. some of these chemicals have properties that are a threat for the ecosystem and reporter: scie have found that air and sea currents drive pollutants north. last year we broke the news that arctic sea ice had more micro plastics than anywhere in the ocean, because floating particles get bonded into the ice as it freezes.
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we found plastic polluon on the arctic beaches. some of this debris had drr ted ousands of miles. tourists still trek here to experience what appears to be wilderness, creating their own pollution on the way. how do locals feel about plaic in snow? >> i amere to show pure and clean snow, dogs, and the arctic nature. that is what i hope to do for the rest of my life. i continues this way, we will not be able to. >> we have to do something. so it is not good news, but west ot give up. >> up here you look aroundou every day and you see somethingh you think is the pristine arctic, as it is called. and it is not anyme. we see it every day, and it is really, really sad.
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reporter: here is the truth -- there is nowhere on the planet to escape pollution from us, however hard you run. laura: now that plastic is in our snow and oceans, how do we get rid of it? one of jeffrey epstein's accusers is suing his estate, saying he groomed her for sex when she was 14 ars old. this comes as the investigation continues as to how mr. epstein sas able to kill himself in jail cell. the bbc's nada tawfik is tracking the development from new york and joined us a short time ago. what can you tell us about this woman who is suing epstein's estate? presumably many otheld follow her example. nada: exactly, laura. jennifer araoz was saying in the lawsuit that jeffrey epstein was repeatedly sexually assaulting
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her and grew more aggressive over the course of a year, a ended finally with a brutal rape, at which point she basically ran away and even s dropped out ool to not see epstein. shesaid this was made possi by his associates, women she referred to as a recruiter, a secretary, a maid. she said when she was 14 years old outse her high school, a brunette in her 20's introduced her to epstein. she also claims that ghislaine maxwell, daughter of british publishing magnate robert h xwell, scheduled for her to meet privately wstein when lt began.l ass she even claims that ghislaine maxwell made sure there were three young girls at all times at jeffr epstein's mansion. i must add that we tried to reach out to ghislaine maxwell for comment but she has always denied these allegations. rdura: what has come to light about the prison gwho were supposed to be looking at epstein on the night he killed himself?
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nada: according to lawrc enent sources who have spoken to cbs news, they say th guards wtually asleep for three hours and they had falsely recorded that they were checking in on jeffrey ep ein every 30 minutes. of course now the questions about falsifng federal records, whether that is in fact a crime. instead, these guards, it said, did not follow the fbnvestigating all of this, trying to speak to those two guards, reviewing camera footage from the prison. another lingering question is why jeffrey epstein was taken off suicide watch. that is another investigation that the bureau of prisons isin lookin, looking at what protocols were followed there. laura: nada tawfik, thank you. in other news, u.srapper asap rocky has been found guilty of assault in connection with a fight in sckholm. a swedish court has given him a two-year suspended se and
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ordered him to pay damages toim the vict. two members asap rocky's entourage were found guilty of the very same charge. today the hong kong international airport was open and operating again after tuesday's scenes of chaos and violence. demonstrators were handing out leaflets apologizing for the disruption, but the protests continued elsewhere with riot wllice using teargas outside a police station in n. the u.s. commerce secretary sayr it is an intl matter between china and hong kong. for more, i spoke with a fellow from the eurasia group. does this seem that it could be a tipping point in this conflict to y? >> we haven't gotten to that b point ye it is becoming a much more serious issue, and it is becoming something that beijing is getting more and more earried about, which could to more extremist measures. but we have not reached the tipping point yet, no. laura: when the u.s. commerce
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secretary calls this an internal matter, is that music to thees chears? >> they certainly appreciate it. it is interesting that it is the commerce secretary saying that, because one of the reasons the s-u.s. has taken a more haf approach when it comes to criticizing china is for the u.s. and the trump umadministration, priorityr one is the trade war. they do not want to jeopardize any possible progress that could be made. now, that being said, if talks break down even furthe y it is possib are going to see much more rhetoric out of washington in support of the protesters. laura: well, president trump has even used china's ic, at one point calling the protests riots. how big a shift is this from the traditional u.s. position of promotingd democracy aroe world? leon: well, it is a major shift,
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but it did not start with donald trump. donald tmp has made his priorities much more easily seen, but the reality is that we are seeing a u.s. that itshi global leaderole is waning, and this started before donald trump. a lot of americans 't want to play the role of global policeman. this is something that donald trump leaned his shoulder into and itelped him win the u.s. presidency two and a half years ago. laura: is there any possibility of a negotiated end to the protests in hong kong? is there a compromistion? roon: it is certainly possible, but we are far fm that point at this point. for xi jinping, this is the greatest threat to his tenure as chinese president. he needs to take a hard line because he has created thi image and persona of himself as
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dstrongman leader. these protests areect threat to that persona. laura: when you look at the position of hong kong's chief executive, carrie lam, is it possible that china will pull the rug under her, or are they 100% behind her? leon: for the time being they have shown themselves to be behind her, and pulling the rug out from h would be giving the protesters what they want, and china is super cognizant about not doing that. y laura: what think the next move is by the protesters? leon: well, they have realized that taking such aggressive actions is not doing them any favors with the larger hong kong populace at large. if anythg, it is helping china make the case for them that these people are not representative of the hong kong populace as a whole. and they don't want to do that. they want to show themselves as part of that, represenf ng the wille hong kong people. so they are more likely to tone down over the next few days.
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laura: leon levy, thanks so much for being with us. you are watching "bbc world news america." 'sill to come on tonight program, as we mark 50 years since the troubles began in northern ireland, survivors of that traumatic time are still haunted by the mental scars. laura: pakistan's prime raminister, khan, as is global powers would bear responsible ifroke out with india over kashmir because they failed to implement unite nations resolutions on the status. secunder kermani has more on the story. secunder: coming to address the local parliament in pakistani-in minister kashmir, imran khan seemed to have two audiences in mind, a domestic want an international one. speaking to pistanis and those living in shmir, imran khan
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about to become an ambassador for the kashmiri people taking up the cause with india at every possible forum. sticking to the international to galvanize tried opinion by comparing the ideology of the ruling right-wing party in india i the nazi par germany in the 1930's and he called on the united nations to take action to resolve this growingir crisis in kas prime min. khan: you the united nations, whereou stand by your curity council resolutions on kashmir? if the powerful press the week, can the u.n. do nothing? does the united nations only work when e powerful want it to? secunder: we will have to see icw successful this diplom offensive by imran khan will be. so far, the international reaction to developments in indian-administered kashmir
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have been muted. it is not quite clear what the next steps for pakistan could be, but pakistanifficials have said they are not considering military action unless india launches some kind of strike against them first. pakistaniia off want to appear to be the more reasonable ones in this dispute. tensions in an already volatile region are certainly rising. laura: now, tv ads try to catce our eye and s laugh, but in the u.k., two have been pulled for violatingules banning the use of gender stereotypes. the first from a car company showeda men workingspace station while a woman is left to watch over a pram. the second was selling cream cheese, but complaints came in
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about how fathers were portrayed. take a look. >> new dad, too? >> mmh-hmm. >> wow, look at this lunch. hard to choose. this looks good. >> that's the philadelphia. laura: a brief time a i spoke with kim sheehan, a professor at the university of oregon and"c author otroversies in contemporary advertising." what is your reaction to theer u.k. asing standards agency banning ads on the grounds that they perpetuate gender stereotypes? m: i think it is a very courageous act by the asa, and i think it can lebetter portrayals of men and women in all u.k. advertising. laura: do you think it is something we could see over here in the u.s. as well? >> i don't think so. commercial speech, which advertising is in the united states, has pretty broad protections undethe first
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amendment, as long as the product is a legal product and m the claims beie are true then the speech is unlto be banned. panies all over the world have always used humor to sell us products. how do they navigate this new world? kim: when there is humor that pokes fun at a group or presen a group in a bad light, that isn't necessarily funny to s erybody. one of the challenth the philadelphia cream cheese ad is the company took an old trope about men being bad dads that we have seen over and over again in advertising and re-created that in a way that was not new or fresh or even funnand could be insulting to a lot of men who are eat dads who know how to take care of the kids.
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laura: is this partly about the fact that the ad agency world ia traditionall and white, d perhaps it needs to diversify and reflect its client base? kim: i think that is very true. i looked up the statistics on the u.k. advertising industry, and in the corporate suites, 95% of theeople are white and 70% are men. we are not seeing a lot of diversity in the decision-making level, so it is sort of not surprising we are not seeing -- that we are seeing these gender stereotypes in advertising still. laura: to those people who think this is political correctness gone wrong, what wou say? m: i think what the asa has done send a clear signal to advertisers on what is appropriate and what isn't. to pushd advertisers to sp little bit more time thinking
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about the people they portray in their advertising, i don't think that is a bad thing. i think it is easy to revert to a stereotype that pops into your mind immediately, and if these rulings help advertisers just be a little more thoughtful about e choices they make, i think it is going to improve advertising in the u.k. laura: professor kim sheehan, thank you very much for joining us. kim: you are very welcome. laura: 50 years after violence broke out in northern island, there are still deep srom the conflict known as the troubles. over three decades, more than 3000 people were killed, and northern ireland has a high rate of mental illness after all the trauma. our ireland correspondent has been speaking to those scarred tu the past. reporter: half a c ago, life in northern ireland took on a grim new normality. shootings, bombings, and became routine.
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thereful rhythm of murders and maimings continued for 30 years.ct while the confan feel a long way in the past, the legacy of trauma is very present. denise is one of thousands of people livg with it. loyalists ttnmanked her parents at their family home in 1975. her father was killed. denise was just 4. >> i can see my mother going out throh the kitchen window. i can remember going back up the hallway, looking at my brother. he was 13 months at the time. i then went back with her. which we now know was for over two hours. my night dress was covered in his blood. reporter: she has posttraumatic stress disorder, which means a certain smell brings mories suddenly and terribly.
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>>nce the smell comes over me, it is like a panic attack. i get the lakes. s become white. my mind becomes blank. until that passes -- it can pasf within seconds, it can pass within a few minutes. but for the rest of the y, it is like you are beaten black and blue. reporter: mental health is a much more public issue n than it was during the decades of violence. cembers of emergency servi regularly witnessed appalling scenes. the were not offered official help. bob pollock remembers what happened after he and some fellow firefighters were caught up in a bomb. >> as we get into the station, one of the senior officers, he poured us all and brandy and folders to drink up and go home. reporter: lack of support at the time partlexplains why the psychological impact has only been revealed in recent years.
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researchers have found 39% of people in northern ireland experienced a traumatic ngent duhe troubles. eaat least 14% have mentalh difficulties due to the conflict. post-traumatic strs disorder is particularly common. almost 9% have definitive signs of the condition. experts are concerned by what is called trans-generational trauma, the effect on children today. >> it is about the parents' own mental health, the community the child is raised in. it is also about the legacy of the conflict. we have communities affected by unemployment. levels ofdrug use, lo educational attainment. all of these things come gether to create an environment that can be quite toxic for a child. reporter: northern ireland has the highest rate of mental-health problems and suicides in the u.k. it also has proportionally lower levels of fu health. mental the haunted history of this place is posing huge challengesu for its .
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the survivors who have chosen to talk about their grief often di not do sr a long time. many have recently tried to seen out coling, like denise. >> it sometimes pains me to go -- "oh gosh, i have to go here again."av but i know ito continue as 'because i don'want in 20 or 30 years or even less to hit the wall. laa: denison living with a trauma of the troubles. you can find much more on all the day's news on her website. re see what we're working on at any time, do make o check us out on twitter. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching "world news america." announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundation; blby judy and peter -kovler foundation,
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pursuing solutions for america's neglected eds; and hi contributions topbs station from viewers like you. thank you. to make sure facts and the truth are driving conversaon. "washington week" is an island of civil discourse in a chaotic media environment. on friday night, w the best reporters in the nation ack what's really happening and have a conversation that's not about point of view but about informing the american people. announcer:aywashington week," frights only on pbs.
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or captioning spo by newshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening. i'm na nawaz. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: the eye the storm. at a moment of relative calm in hong kong, anxiety mounts over how beijing ll respond to the pro-democracy protestors. then, warning signs. the stock market plunges amid a roller coaster of volatility. where is the u.s. economy headed, and what are the concerns over another recession? and, troubled waters. the deadly risk of aam coated drinking supply takes a toll on a neighborhood in the shadow of a coal plant. >> my husband died from cancer. mary ann next door died from cancer. you can't tell me these people, just because they're past 50, it's normal for them to get cancer and d


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