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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  August 16, 2019 6:00pm-7:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc ni >> nawaz: good e. i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is away.ou on the newshtonight: crackdown in kashmir. one of the world's most nntested pieces of land, caught between tlear powers, india and pakistan, at a moment of crisis. then, it's friday. michael gerson and karen tumultm are here to e the democrats' chances of taking back the senate, israel'twdenial of ento members ofri congress, and sing fears of other recession. plus, the music, the myth, and what it all meant. reflections on the woodstock festival, 50 years later. >> for a mine, we were not facing the vietnam war. for a minute, we were not facing losing the kennedy for a minute, dr. king's death wasn't hanging over us. for a minute, we were behaving like decent human beings. >> nawaz: all that and more, on
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tonight's pbs wshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> text night and day. >> catch it on replay. >> burning some fat. >> sharing the latest viral cat! >> you can do the things you like to do with a wireless plane gned for you. with talk, text and data. consumer cellular. learn more at >> babbel. a language program that teaches spanish, french, italian, german, and more. >> financial services firm raymond james. >> the ford working with vionaries on the frontlines of social change worldwide. s: and with the ongoing support
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of these instituti r.and friends of the newsh >> this prograwas made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. ank you. >> nawaz: representative rashida tlaib now says shet wo visit the west bank to see her grandmother, hours after the israeli government granted her entry on humanitarian grounds. israel initially barred both tlaib and fellow democratic congresswoman ilhan omar from entry over their support of boycotts protesting israel's policies and treatment of palestinians. but israel reversed its ban on tlaib, on the condition she promise not to promote the boycotts during her trip. tlaib tweeted at she would not
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visit under such "oppressive conditions." north korea meanwhile fired tw projectiles into the sea friday, marking its sixth launch in three weeks. those launches came after a government spokesmanhe north criticized south korea for continuing planned joint mis.tary exercises with the pyongyang also rejected the south's offer of peace talks.ko in hon, pro-democracy protesters began a weekend of demonsations amid suspicion china may send in paramilitary forces. at night, thousands of demonstrators gathered for a student-led rally against the ruling communist par in beijing. earlier, in the chinese border town of shenzhen, inese paramilitaries held exercises at a sports stadium. but, police in hg kong insisted they're in control. >> we are confident that we have the capability to maintain l and order in hong kong. in general, from my personal
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contact with the frontline troops, they are motivated, stable and maintain high more, and we love our place and we want to contribute. nawaz: major pro-democracy rallies are planned for saturday and sunday in hong kon police in zimbabwe today cracked down on opposition demonstrators in the capital, as ty enforced a ban on anti-government demoors were demanding president emmerson mnangagwa address rampant inflation, wer shortages and widespread power outages.ds hundreallied in the streets of central harare. police then fired tear gas and beat some of the protesters as owds fled down side streets. >> we don't have any food, noyt money, not evehing. that's why we came here, we want to solve our problem. but how can we solve our problem when they hit us? they come and beat us, so whati ca for that? >> naw: opposition leaders said seven people were injured and 80 others were arrested.
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more than 500 migrants have died in the americas this year. that's according to a new report out todafrom the united nations' migration agency. r e u.n. said those numbers mark a 33% increase ost year. 259 deaths were due torowning in shipwrecks or attempted river crossings. the report does not include the 11 fatalities inside u.s. migrant detention centers. four states and the district of columbia today filed a lawsuit challenging the trump administration's new rules that disqualify immigrants from earning green cards if they use public assistance. that includes dicaid, food stamps, and some public housing programs. california attorney general xavier becerra said the rules have led to a "chilling effect" on immigrant families. >> the trump rule wants to put the power to bar your path to become a citizen if your child participates in something as basic as your neighborhood school lunch or nutrition program.
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this trump rule weaponizes nutrition, health care and housing. it acts like a ticking timebomb. >> nawaz: the new rules are set to go into effect in acting dirof citizenship and immigration services ken cuccinelli announced the rule change on monday. he said the administration ewelcomes immigrants who "self-sufficient." the new york ciny medical ex has ruled jeffrey epstein's ath ws a suicide. the results of the autopsy released today said epstein haned himself in his manhat jail cell last saturday. the financier was awaiting trial on federal sex trafficking charges. the f.b.i. and justice department are both investigating epstein's death after "serious irregularities" were found at the jail. there are new revelations day about the air force's probe into sexual assault allegations made against president trump's pick for the pentagon's s highest military post. air force investigator determined there was insufficient evidence to prove
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air force general john hyten had an "unprofession relationship" with his close aide, army colonel kathryn spletstoser. hyten's polygraph test was also deemed to be "inconclusive." a separate report from the defense department's inspector general could be made public as early as next week. hyten has denied the assault claim. he faces a full senate confirmation vote next month. meanwhile, a new report from the state department's inspectorl genes found politically- motivated harassment at one of the department's top bureaus. career sta international organization affairs said they were mistreat and retaliated ainst by top trump administration appointees who l"thought they were "disloo the president. the state department vowed to provide a corrective aplan within 60 days. in economic news, wall street end this turbulent week of trading on a positive note. the dow jones industrial averago climbed 30ts to close at 25, the naose 129 points, and
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the s&p 500 added 41. greenland said today it is not for sale, amid reports that president trump has expressed interest in the u.s. buying the semi-autonomous danish territory. a trump ally told the associated press that the president discussed the purchase, but was not serious about it. one of greennd's two members of the danish parliament insisted today her nation was off the market. >> greenland is not for sale. d if it was for sale, it would be up to the peoples of greenland. greenland is an indigenous population, and in many ways, i think if greenland was for salei don't think, we would not sell it to the u.s. i think we're concerned about the fact tha something that you could just trade. it's quite disrespectful. >> nawaz: president trump is not the first american president toh pitcidea. in 1946, president harry truman's administration offered
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to purche greenland from nmark in exchange for $100 million in gold.ay and, two luckyers in alaska survived a close call while investigating cracks in al ier. one of the kayakers posted this dramatic video online, showing an ice bridge collapsing and falling into the water below. a huge splash washes over the two men as they paddle away from the oncoming wake. alaska has seen its lowest levels of sea ice everrehis summer aord temperatures and wildfires have grown amid the climate crisis. still to come, othe still to come on the newshour: flashpoint in kashmir. we get a view on the ground from this disputed territory. new reports of the abuse faced by separated migrant children, this time in the u.s. fosterca system. mountain biking and cattle grazing-- who gets priority on public lands? plus, much more.
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>> nawaz: hundreds of people protested the security crackdown and clashed with police friday in indian-controlled kashmir today. at the same time, india's government said it was constantlyeviewing the situation there, and would remove restrictions it had placed on the region two weeks ago when it removed kashmir's autonomous status. life in kashmir has been paralyzed. stores remain closed, and traffic along normally busy crossroads is thin under an unprecedented lockdown, nearly four million people in rtthe indian-administered f the territory have been confined to their homes, in a total communications blackout. >> ( translated ): as of now, even we have been locked in, everything is locked down. whatever the government has usne, it is not good. everyone is under arrest. >> nawaz: tensions in the region have escalated sce last week, when indian prime minister narendra modi stripped the primarily muslim state of its
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semi-autonomous status. kashmir is now in its 13 day under this crackdown, but fithorities say they will soon allow schools and s to reopen, and phone service to be restored. >> telecom connectivity, which has been a point of sore concern, will be gradually eased and restored in a phased manne keeping in mind the constant threat posed by terrorist organizations in using mobile connectivity to organize terror actions. >> nawaz: despite the measures india's government for revoking kashmir's autonomy has fueled sporadic street protests, and sometimes violentco rontations. control of kashmir has beente contby india and pakistan since the 1947 post-colonial partition that separated the two countrie the nuclear-armed neighbors each administer parts of the region, separated by the line of control. the countries have already
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fought three times over kashmir. now, prime minister eddi has defendhis takeover as a national security decision, tofr quell attack separatist militants in kashmir, which pakistan has supported in the past. but, on twitter today, pakistani primminister imran khan call india's actions "fascist tactics" that will not "smother the kashmiri liberation struggle." khan expressed his concerns with president trump, over a telephone call this rning. mr. trump said he would soon hold talks with prime minister modi. t also today, at request of pakistan, the u.n. security council met behind closed doors to discuss kashmir for the first time in more than 50 years. china's u.n. envoy urged both countries to avoid taking unileral action over the region. >> the tension is already very tense and very dangerous. >> nawaz: but india's ambassador to the u.n. called the situation an "internal matter." >> we don't need international busybodies to y and tell us
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how to run our lives. >> nawaz: for more on what things are like on the ground in kashmir, we're joined by surabhi tandon, speciales condent for france 24 who just returned from a five-day trip there. welcome to the "newshour". let's start with what you saw and heard from kashmirys on the ground living through this lockdown. >> well, i was in the city abou five dayand i tried to visit as many neighborhoods asib po. of course, the security situation sort of< h day in thatthe extent of the situations were changing each day that i was there. but for the most part, people where i was was were under a fair amount of lockdown, movement was restricted. in fact, if you didn't have a pass or a reason to go tothe hospital or something that was llyent, you weren't rea allowed to move around between neighborhoods. this is forivilians. for journalists, as well, we
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were guarded. in most areas we went to, there were some no-go zones. of course, i was there during the time of eve which was monday. so on saturday which was the 11th of august, the gvernment eased up restrictions and old so markets in par the city, and that's when you saw a fa amount of movement, people coming out and buying things in preparation for the festivang but also buhings to stock np because nobody knows even at this point how lg these situations are going to last. >> nawaz: surabhi tandon,av the reaction on the ground when india first made the move to revoke autonomy. a lot of people are wondering why we didn't see larger scale protests. >> i would say first of all, it's not possible at t moment with the military presence in the valley. kashmir is already one militari, and before the 5th of augt, 45,000 extra troops were brought in, so that's almost one
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military personnel for tendency vile yans. so you see this military presence everywhere, and especially in areas that have frequent protests, even we weren't allowed, with giant signs that blockaded the roa. people were barely allowed toro walk tugh. no public transport going in. one large protest on friday bywhich has been reported some media outlets, but theseere contained because to have the heavy military presence that ounds these neighborhoo already with these small protests, you had the military throwing in tear gases, in fact, also using palette guns. this is happening on the ground. >.>> nawaz: when we talk about the the future of kashmir, om hear a lot fhe leaders of india and pakistan. you have been talking to people on the ground on the india-administered side. what is it they say they want
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for their future? >> in kashmir, when you say what do people want in the future, well, first of all, the people that i spoke to say that they don't agree with this division because they counter- included in th decision. adey say another decision by the indian state that has been forced on them. and or manin kashmir, this will continue, and some, of course, said that now the resistance might even become more extreme. the people in the middle, their argument to stay in india, to be pro india is stronger, and now perhaps people feel they are for one side which is anti-beinge part of ndian state, and what will happen, how this anger will erupt is to be seen. >> nawaz: that is surabhi
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tandon, special correspondent for france 24 reporting fromni new delhi t. thank you very much. >> nawaz: we continue our coverage now of the separation of migrant families at the border. a new investigation by the associated press and pbs's "frontline" finds allegations of physical and sexual abuse for some children who are moved into government-funded foster care after they are separated from their families. as jeffrey brown tells us, the s repogests there may be more allegations and lawsuits to come. >> brown: the a.p. looked at 38 legal claims from families preparing to sue the f government. in some cases, very young chilen were placed with fost families where they were allegedly moleed by other children. the allegations, many of which have not been puic until now, raise questions about the government's ability to house
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migrant children in ples beyond large shelters and crowded detention centers. one attorney told the a.p. that these cases are "the tip of the iceberg." martha mendoza is part of the reportin for the a.p. and joins me now from mountain view, california. >> thanks for joining us. what kind of abuses are weth talking about are being claimed here and who are thefá victims? >> so the victims range from babies to teenagers, and thty of abuses range from sexual molesting to verbal abuse or aden just the dr fear of being separated as a family and not knowing wheovre their led ones were. >> tell us a little bit more about the situation of the children and their parents and the families. these are children who have been separated. >> yeah, so under th administration's zero tolerance policy, when kids come into thue y with their parents, they are separated. the parents go to detention, bu the children become wards of the
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department of health and human services, which has been working to place them in residential shelters, sometimes in large detention camps, and the younges they've tried to put them into foster programs, and thesew programs are st like you would think of foster care, but they're also a littlre dif. for one thing kids are very far away from their parents. also their parents donow where they are. many times, it can be weeks before they figure out where their kids are. then these can be a foster family thag maybe takve or six kids at a time, they spend the night at a fostehome by day they go to a day center where they have different types of programs. >> reporter: so it's somewhat familiar with what peoe are familiar with the foster care praps."ñath
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the department of health and human services which is responsible for the kids got ulck to us and said they make every effort to take good care of their children when they have them in their custody.
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>> reporter: what about from the foster care centers and families thmselves? >> kiota centers are based in new york and the largest center for foster care. they told us this nior they are very concerned about the allegations and they, too, are doing their best to provide a safe and secure for these children untail they're reunitei parents or other sponsors. >> reporter: these, if i understand right, are the fist claims of their kind to be filed. tell us how this is coming about, who's bringing them and who's helping theg all victims here? to's working with them? >> throughout, f past year and a half, the immigrants have been spported by nonprofits,he so poverty law center, civil rights groups, other advocates, and now they're homing in partnership wit nonprofits and major law firms like arnold and porter, so these entiallyg to be some pot powerful litigants for the federal government to be up
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against. the way thelaims work were, in order to sue the federal government, you first have file a claim demanding a certain dollar amount and then, after six months, if the federal government does not respond, then you can file a therot a lot of precedent on this. this feels like the first financial consequence to taxpayers for this policy that has been in place for some time now. >> rep but you're saying, as i quoted, one of the lawyers said to you thisu cold be the tip of an iceberg. you're seeing to potentially wider implications, certainly financial implications and mor >> right. so we saw 38 claims. 3,000 fam bilies haen separated under these policies, and even the attorneys involved in fim ling theid they had many more in the works. >> reporter: martha mendoza of the a.p., thank you so much. >> thank you.
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>> nawaz: stay with us. u comingon the newshour: as over 20 democrats run for the presidency, a look at the party's chances of retaking the senate.mi erael gerson and karen tumulty break down anothacked week of political headlines. plus, reflections on the woodstock festival at 50. can the music from back then still move us today? it is a recurrine conflict in stern u.s., where relaxing in the great outdoors bumps up agnst those who use the la as their livelihood. from iowa public tv's "market to market" program, josh buettner discovered a pce where that conflict has een overpowered by coexistence.ep >> rorter: since its birth in the old west era, farming and ranching have been tied to grand junction's economy. now the largest metro area on colorado's western slope, recent decas have seen the region's picturesque landscapes attract a new wave of stakeholders.
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>> one of the challenges in the west right nows finding common ground between livestock producers and agriculturalists and outdoor recreation people. >>ngeporter: typically runni over 500 head of cattle on 12,000 acres of land they lease from the city of grand jction, janie vanwinkle and her husband howard are accustomed to sring resources and dealing with drought ear forced them to sell off around 20% of their herd. this year, a downhill bike trail is looking to break ground and eventually cut through their ranch. >> this particular part of colorado has been a pretty under-appreciated part of the state for a long time. >> reporter: george gais general manager of over the nege sports in by fruita, which has become a mountain biking cca. the area boasts hundreds of miles ofingle track trails initially constructed on public land by volunteers, led by the bilorado plateau mountain
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trail association, or copmoba. the 30-year-old non-profit has five chapters and ughly 500 membrs. in 2016, the group's $1. million "palisade plunge" trail proposal was given the go-ahead by state government, tugh no funds were allocated. all manner of activi on western public lands, whether biking, grazing, hunting orto miningame a few, fall under the purview of the u.s. bureau of land management. of the more than 245 million acres overseen by the federal agency-- about 1 of the nation's land-- over eight million of those acres are in colorado. grazing permits on public land are administered by the b.l.m. and the u.s. forest service. federal numbers reveal livestock foraging activities generate almost $150 million annually in colorado. e >> youect that you're going ito see livestock grazing those same areas, and so i think a lot of the bicyclists realize
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that a lot of their trails walking through this area. c >> repollin ewing is a b.l.m. national conservation area manager in western colorado. >> and somebody decided to ride a bike on it. you know, eventually it became a big sport, and the b.l.m.os adopted trails. >> reporter: initial trail plans would have sliced through the heart of the vanwinkle's lease the ranche were concerned that excess trash, trespassing and habitat disruption would be a problem. but the cyclists worked with the vanwinkles, and agreed oa less disruptive route. >> they're going to cut across the corner of that property, and that'll work for us. and they're comfortable with it, too. >> we both love the land. we use it slightly differently. so that's probably bound to bring some differences of opinion too, so. >> reporter: in nearby mcinnis canyons, 21 grazing allotments sit among the nearly 300 miles of trail and river access. >> you're seeing that a lot in e west now.
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ranching and mining towns that are still ranching and mining towns, but also are inviting tourism into their economy. >> reporter: one of the b.l.m.'s biggest challenges is accommodating multiple uses of terrain owned by all americans. >> so this is a bicycle cattle guard, so that the bicyclists don't have to get off their bike to open the gate. and so the open.ayn't get left so, the cow in the pasture and everybody has a good time. >> woooo! >> reporter: many ra employ rotational grazing ofactices to regenerate pasture, but say the effectultiple land users can lead to frustration. >> we're an easy target. but in reality, it's all of theh uses, and wee to figure out going to make that all work together. we were able to come up with a compromi, and i think that's really important, no matter what we're talking about, just understanding eachther. that's a really important piece. >> reporter: by navigating the convergence of recreation and
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livelihood on public land, stakeholders hopthey've carved a durable path toward collaboration in their community. for the pbs newshour, i'm josh buettner in grand junction, colorado. >> nawaz: ile nearly two dozen democrats are competing for the presidential nomination, the party's strategy to win back t u.s. senate is facing serious trouble.e- one issome of the candidates that democrats say have the best chance of winning nstead runningre for president. lisa desjardins breaks down the the 2020 senate races. >> today, i'm ending my campaign for president. >> desjardins: a glimmer of hope this week for democrats' battle to re-take the senate in 2020. former colorado governor johnlo hicker exited the presidential race, lost in aoc crowd of dts, leaving the door open for a senate run.
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>> i've hecod from so many radans who want me to run for the united states senate. they remind me how much is at stake for our country. and our state. to give that some serious thought. >> desjardins: democratic leaderhave serious thoughts about it, too, because hickenlooper may be their best shot at defeating colorado's republican senator, cory gardner. and that is one of democrats' best pickup opportunities right now, repns hold 53 seats in the senate, for democrats to take over. they need to flip three or four of those, depending on wch party wins the presidency and can break senate ties. colorado is one of a handful of states with that potenaral. democratalso targeting susan collins' seat in maine,ha and macsally's in arizona, where democrats recruitedre reastronaut mark kelly. another possibility-- thom tillis' seat in north carolina. so far, democrats have seen much of the party's star power tied up in the race for the white
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house. like, montana governor steve bullock. earlier this month, bullock told newshour anchor judy woodruff he doesn't plan on making a senate b. woodruff: are you ruling it out? >> i'm ruling it out. d >>jardins: and then there's texas. democrats are hoping yet another presidential candidate, beto o'rourke, opts instead for a second senate run in 2020-- >> thank you, xas! >> desjardins: --after narrowly losing to senator ted cruz in 2018. >> i'm running for president. i'm running for this country. >> desjardins: but just this week, o'rourke pushed back. >> i will not, in any scenario, run for the united states senate. i'm running for president. ofm running for this country. >> desjardins: parhe challenge for democrats is they must also defend their own seats, and may be vulnerable in alabama, michid new hampshire.
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>> corey lewandowski loves your state. >> desjardins: in new hampshire last night, president trump talked up a potential senate bid by his former campaign chairman, corey lewandowski. >> this is trump cournty! >> desrdins: lewandowski would face democratic senator jeanne shaheen if he did enter the race, though the state's republican leaders have largely balked at the suggestion. sar the pbs newshour, i'm desjardins. >> nawaz: and that brings us to the analysis of gerson and tumulty. that's michael gerson and karen tumulty, both of the "washin post." mark shields and david brooks are out. we are so grateful both of you are here. kern, karen, i want to ask, leth upre lisa left off, why aren't some of these high profile dems running for the senate? >> it's so it's pract like these days running for president has become your safety school. the fact is that chuck schumer habeen left at the altar in a number of states, not byjust as
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lisa said beto o'rourke, but in georgia he wanted stacey abrams to take on a sene race as well, and the stakes are really, really high because, even if the democrats can manage to get back the white house next year, if mitch mcconnell is still the majority leader in the senate, they are just not going to get a lot of things done, and they have a path to the ma it is a very, very narrow path, and their senate candates are not really raising enough money now in parset beche presidential race is taking up so much oxygen. >> reporter: what th pitch like to potential candidates to come jin a grid locked body. >> that's true but it's also an election cycle for democrats. it shouldn't be. there are a lot more republican seats up, but they're in red states. there are only a ouple of targets of opportunity here. so one of the reason there aren't more marquis democrats is
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it's a difficult cirmstance. ey have to win colorado. that's the only path to their majority votes from colorado. i think hickenlooper may actually be a very, very good candidate. there wasn't much appetite for a centrist in the presidential race, but there really is in colorado, an they like the fact that he's a former bar keep, so i think they use that as an honorable pao power. >> reporter: and they don't bdze to make up their mie just yet. >> that's true, and the saints vary, but it's a couple months in both cases. >> reporter: did you see some of these vehicles, karen, maybe potentially changing their mind or announcing they will end up running for these seats? >> well, i think there's going to be a lot of pressure on hellock, especially if doesn't make the debate stage this next month. so, yes, i c meack schumer is -- the light is on in the window w >> reporter:t to talk to you also about anotherxd story e have been following this week.
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obviously it's taken a l of twists and turns in the last 24 hours alone, but israel's den el try to two sitting members of the u.s. congress of representatives,ta li, tlaib ano mar. some colleagues in congress said they supported the ban. this tweet was from representative zeldi republican from new york, who said it doesn't seem shocking, they're unwelcomen a nation they're taking great pains to tear down. what do you make of threaction from their own lawmaker colleagues. >> generally this has been offli ts and now we're seeing this has become a partisan support for israel -- an organizaon like aipac has tried to keep support from israel from being a partisan issue for decades. they're the ones that reacted in a very clear-eyed way that id
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we'll welcome any republican- memberhat israel should welcome any republican member of congress or democratic member oñ congress.e but i think president and n tanyahu have taken what should not be a partissue and made it into partisan issue and people are now coming down onri s sides of this partisan issue. that's nod good, by the way, for israel or for the long-term american relationship wit israel >> reporter: what do you make of how this unfolded over the last couple of days, karen? >> i think whatever the forces were that went into decision here, i think what is even more astonishing is president trump's behavior in this in that israel was ready to go ahead and lethem in assuming that, you know, there's an advantage to sort of kee keeg the dialogue going, which is generally how other cou have treated members of congress. but it was only after presidt trump gets into this publicly and puts pressure on israel, and it was only that we saw them rev terat decision,
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and it is likely any extraordining to see a president of the united states putting pressure on a foreign power tossentially punish his adversaries. >> using the federal government as a method to score sete with: political opponents is not normal either for the president of the united states. usually foreign policy is not conducted like it's reality television show but now evidently that's how it's done. >> reporter: ari you wor that sets a dangerous precedent in some way? >> absolutely, i think anythof e relationships now could be used by the president as a backdropor his political ploys. and we have, you know, avoided at overseas for the most part, and this, i think, i as a newd, you know, worser ray. >> reporter: karen, it's worth pointing out, of course, that the partnership with israel is strong, and there's a lot more to talout, as economic l&eeáái security partnership. can we even have hose
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conversations now? has it just become too liticized? >> well, i do think that is why you see a pack leading pro israel lobby actually criicizing netanyahu on t decision. this is something that almost never happens, but i think they are, in fact, looking at the long game here. >> reporter: another thing we wanted to ask you about, of course, was theresident, last night, often gets criticized, you know, for not talking enough out the economy when it is going so well. he did talk about it last night, t t he talked ab in a very specific way. take a listen to what president trump hato say at a new hampshire rally last night. >> but you have no choice but to vote for mese becour 4o 1ks, d everything is going to be down the tubes. so whether you love me or hate me, you have to vote for me. >> reporter: michael, people ve to vote for hi. he says there's a volatile week on the maket and some
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prediction -- what do you make of it? >> it's an odd appl to say yo may hate me but you have to support me, but i think that'sng what he's go support some people with. if the democratic party is too far left ononomics he's going to paint them as socialists and say you may not like the way i conduct myself, but this is a binary choi and, you know,f you want the stock market and the economy to grow you support me. so i think it's a preview of the argument he's actually going to make during the election. a lot will depen of course, on whether the economy is doing badly or doing well, and we see some warning signs right now -- ney're more yellow lights than red lights, we't sure where this leads -- but he's previewing his themes going into the election.hi >> reporter:islp the question, right, if the economy is not doing well, if some of these conrns do come true, what does that mean for the president?fá w
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l, the proof is in the performance and, whether fair or not, presidents get rewarded if the economy÷ is peforming well, and they get punished if the economy is doing poorly.e i think this wwe all got tou refresh our memories on what an inverted yield curve is. >> reporter: would you care to explain for those following along at home? >> sure. usually bondholders, the stock market is not the economy, but the bond market is very much more of an indicator of the economy. usually, bondholders will demanr hinterest rates for tying up their money for a long time and lower ones for shrt team. this inverted this week, and that has been something that has happened that has preceded six of the last six recessionth so is a real warning sign. we've heard trump try to blame the fed, we've heard trump try to blame the media, 're going to hear him trying to blame the democrats, buthe fact ishis
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performance on the economy is the only place where his approval numbersre above 50%, and if the economy tanks, he's in a really bad spot. >> i would add, though, that i think a lot of his support is not on the economy, it's actually o on cultural issues, divisive cultural issues. i don't think, even with the rescission, that his baskse brthe change would be more on the margin. but presidential elections are often decided on the margin. they're sometimes quite close.c so iuld make a very large difference. but this president could be a little different than most previous examples. i think a lot of his supporters would buy the argument that the fed andhe media was at fault and trust the presidentn these issues. but it can't help him,ou oby. >> there was also his move, of course, to delay some of those tariffs. heeen rhetorically ramping up the trade war with china. do you think he sort of said, okay, maybe i need to pump the brakes because i need the economy to rain strong?
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>> it was a form of concession that somehow this was going to hurt people around chridmastime. he dt want to be the grinch that took awayr hhristmas. but i think whatt indicates is that these tariffs, they're not hurting china, necessarily, or at least not ultimately, they're rting americanc consumers, and i think he conceded that by delaying the tariff. >> it was also interesting to hear him say i never said these nariffs with china would be easy trade war. in fact, that's precisely whatg] he said. he said trade wars are easy, and it is not turning out to be the case, not ju the way, in this country, but his tariffes poli have also slowed the growth in european counies as well. and, so, normly, when we have the worldwide economy slowing down, countries can get together and sort of some up with a coordinated strategy to deal with it. given president trump's policies, it is really hard to
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see that sort of effort ki of coalesce. >> it's actually threatenige an and japanese cars at the same time we're trying to have a >> reporter: trade wars aren'tr easy, neither is purseasing autonomous territories from other countries. i never thought i would say this, but let's talk about greenland. what do you make to have the story president trump floated the story of>2 purchasing greenland. >> not a silly ideita. like africa, the chinese are there, they're building infrastructure, they want to exploit resources, america has to have a response, but this is one that actually offends the people of greenland by engaging in u.s. dolr colonialism. they want independence from denmark, they're certainly not going to accept dependence on the united states. >> reporter: karen? he's a real estate ma looking to buy property? >> i think it's acigan distraction from everything else donald trump does not want to be talking about right now.
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reporter: which would be is this. >> which would include the problems with the economy, the situation at the border, the question of whether he can get any sort of gun legislation through. what we have seen with this president is, very often, when he's in a spot like t he will sort of throw something else out there to get people talking about something else. >> reporter: so now we're all talking about greenland. >> exactly. t worked. >> reporter: karulty and michael gerson, thank you so much to both of you. >> thank you. >> nawaz: tonight's "brief but rectacular" features pain walton ford, whose work examines our relationship to animals in the wild, who, as he puts it, "would rather be left alone." is episode is part of ou ongoing arts and culture series, "canvas." >> i make very large
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watercolors. half the time you're at the zoo, you're saying, "oh man, those things are a lot weirder-looking than i thought," or "that's a lot bigger than i thought it was." "those are smaller than i remembered them." so i put them right in your face. and when you go to the show, you really do feel that. everybody gets a little overwhelmed when they're faced with one of these things. >> growing up in the suburbs, i felt like everything was sort o husbanded, everything was manicured. i had a fantasy about being immersed in the wild. oud going to the museum of natural history, i lose myself in those dioramas. and i, i would bring a sketchbook, even when i was a little kid, and draw the animals and just lose myself in heat. that'sirst stuff that i did. that's the stuff that came out from inside of me. at was my-- that was what was there. then i went to art school. it didn't feel cool. it's easy to have contempt for what you're really good at. and what i was really good at was drawg and painting in a rather traditional way, and also thinking and relating to animals in theatural world. the art world had no place for
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somebody who was makg work like this. after i got out of rhode island school of design, trying tbe a sort of artist that i wasn't, i returned to the stuff that i d when i was a kid. that's actually when things started really going well for me. i look at my work as a sort of meditation on the sort cultural history of our relationship with animals, especially animals that would rather be left alone. because my subject matter can be grim, the best paintings that rt make have a f dark humor in them.on sir richard buthe african explorer, kept a collection of monkeys.e he gem all human roles, anthropomorphic roles. i deliberately altered the behavior of the monkey to accommodate richard burton's twisted view of how he was training these monkeys, and learning their language. and it ties into colonialism ana i haeries of paintings i've been working on fbo many
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years, a female black panther that escaped from the zurich zoo in 1933. she was loose in the swiss countryside and the dead of winter for, like, ten that's the kind of thing i'm looking for. i'm looking for stories that are so much better than stuff that i uld make up. and then, i'm making stuff up from that place. m name is walton ford, and this is my "brief, but spectacular" take on the imagined animal. >> nawaz: this week ma 50 years since a dairy farm in new york state became the home for woodstock and groundbreaking music history. to many, the festival is still seen as a defining symbol of 1960s counter-culte, idealism and the anti-war movement. but did it have a lasting impact? jeffrey brown looks ba at that
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weekend and what it means fives delater. it's part of our arts and culture series, "canvas." >> brown: in the summer of 1969, richard nixon was in the white house. neil armstrong walked on the the nam war raged on. and, some 400,000 people madey their wato a field outside the small town of bethal, new york for a gathering that wouldth become one of defining moments of an era. michael lang was one of the organizers of the woodstock. festiv >> it's always importantaco promote pee, and music is ay great bring people together. a lot of t things that came out of the '60s, came to sort of our awarenesses. really the advent of sort of concern about the plan conservation, grew out of that
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era. ♪ ♪ >> brown: idealism was still in the air, two years after the so- called "summer of love." but, says todd gitlin, author "" the sixties: year of rage, days of hope," so was something else. >> it was a show of cheerful defiance. leers show we can triumph ov war. real america. and what happened subently was that rebellion became the dominant >> brown: what began as a ticketed concert, with promoter0 estimating 50 attendees, quickly evolved into something very different-- a free and free-form festival, with a ss of humanity, stoked by an incredible line-up of some of the '60s biggest rock stars: janis joplin.
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sae ana. sly and mily stone. and many, many more. mostly helictered in, after the roads were clogged and unpassable. they, too, g into the spirit. ♪ ♪ >> for a minute, wwere not facing the vietnam war. for a minute, we were not facing losing the kennedys. for a minute, dr. king's death wasn't hanging over us. for a minute, we were behaving like decent human beings. >> i heard a buzz in the air about this festival that was going to >>: photographer henry diltz was there onstage capturing it. il i spent a couple of weeks documenting the ng of the stage, and the hog farm, camping grounds, and all that. all these people showed up, yout know, it was praphed from all different angles, you know, most of mine were from on-stage and that sort of brings it into the present for everyone to remember. photos are wonderful that way.
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>> reporter: this past week, >> brown: this past week, diltz, michael lang, and others gathered at the morrison hotel gallery in new york city, and a line formed around the blockeo withe young and old, to reminisce-- or learn about an event that took on the quality of myth.ll >> i'm rexcited to see what's going on. a lot of spiritual aofkening, a loushing of certain movements, cultural movements, that's what i think of woodstock. >> very joyous for the most part. a little tense at times, tedious at times, tht everybody, k, had this shared feeling, i think, that something extremely important was wnppening. >>: the food and water almost ran out. people got sick. and torrential rains turned toe grounds in a mud bath. but somehow, this instant "cy" worked, amid the high of music, drugs, and a feeling that maybe they really could change the world.
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♪ ♪ >> brown: one of woodstock's most famous performances, by jimi hendrix, came early on its fourth morning. >> this is probably my favorite photo, becauses my favorite moment, which happened to be the very ending of the whole festival. jimi hendrix, the headliner was supposed to close the show sunday night, but it was so backed up that it went on monday morning, so we were all a little bleary-eyed and this band of gypsies came out withese colorful bandanas ad it was quite an amazing show and it was sort of startling when he started playing t "star spangled banner," with all the sounds of war, and we were so anti-war, every person in that half a million crowd was ag the war er>> brown: in the end, the was a field of trash-- soon enough cleaned up-- and decades of wondering "what did it a mean?" just four months later, violence at the california shattered any sense
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of peace andove tied to music. attempts to recreate the woodstock atmosphere for 25th and 30th anniversariesere chaotic and marred by riots. and a 50th anniversary concert th michael lang hoped to present this weekend failed to come together, amid denied permits an >> it was disappointing. i mean, the purpose behind it was really to promote engagement, make sure people got out and voted. i don't think things beve ever this critical in terms of what's going on in e planet and we hoped a festival would be a way >> brown: for all the wonder of that moment in t summer of '69, for some, the "woodstock mystique" belongs in a "how we didn't change the world" time capsule. >> woodstock is sort of protected in history as a kind of moment of i thin delusional for people to think that you create that by simply packing hundreds of thousands of people into a
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lield and celebrating. i mean, there's cs to be done. politics is in power. if people think that they can effervesce themselves into salvation, then i think they're being-- they're beinmisled, or misleading themselves. >> brown: these days, music festivals, huge commercial afirs, have become the nory and the countris once more hugely divided socially and politically. t bringing it all together as happened in that field in upstate new york 50 years ago? it's hard to imagine we'll see the likes of woodstock ever again. for the pbs newshour, jeffrey brown. >> naw: on the newshour online right now, when we invited musician, actor and author common to our studios for an interview, we didn't ewe'd
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also get an impromptu performance. watch for the full interview in the coming days, but for now, check out what happened when w asked common to freestyle about "facts." >> i "pbs newshour."at the that's ours. you know how that is. >> that's >> nawaz: that's on our website, and late news before we go. hollywood actor peter fonda has died in los angeles. his family says hessed away after suffering from lungnc . fonda was ae1 member of a legendary multi-generational acting family. his father harry fonda, sister jane fonda and daughter bridget phon davment he was perhaps bes known for his role in the 1969 film "easy rider." peter fonda was 89 years old.
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later this evening onwe "washingto," robert costa will discuss president trump's economic and political wars and what they mean for the 2020 election. that's coming up on "washington week." ewshour forthe tonight. i'm amna nawaz. join us online, and again here tomorrow evening. for all of us at theve pbs newshour, great weekend. >> major funng for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> kevin >> kevin! >> kevin? >> advice for life. life well-planned. learn more at >> consumer cellular. >> babbel. a language program that teaches spanish, french, italian, german, and >> supposocial entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing problems--nd >> the william and flora hewlett foundation. for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and supporting institutions to promote a better
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world. at >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and friends of the newshour. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh >> you're watching pbs.
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tonight, california is at odds, once again, with trump administration on key. s and conserving a mural george washington high school. 1adbwmore proof that facial recognition software is unreliable. wanting to ban it further in the state. hello, welcome. we begin our show over the battle of protecting the environment d climate change. >> this week the trump administration made new rules to weaken the end gered specit. it is a law