tv BBC World News America PBS November 12, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PST
narrator: funding for this presentation is made possible by... man: babbel, a language arning app that teaches real life conversations and uses speech recognition technology. daily 10 to 15 minute lessons are voiced by native speakers and they are at babel. b-a-b-b-e-l.com. narrator: funding was also provided by... the freeman foon. by judy d peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuingions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from yo viewers like you, than woman: and n, bbc world news. laura: this is "bbc worlnews erica."
reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. countdown to the impeachment showdown. washington bras for public dealings with ukraine, as key for thees get read spotlight.hi risking ever for a better we meet a family of refugees who are still determined to reach europe despite losing their mother plus, hillary clinton talks russian election interference, only this time in the u.k., not the u.s. she is calling for b's government to release the key report. msclinton: i'm dumbfounded that the government won't release the report about russiac inflbecause every person who votes deserves to see the rtreefore your election happens. laura: for those watching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news america."
the impeachment inquiry in washington is about to go public. until now the testimony has been heard behind closed doors. house a democrats are looki whether esident trump abused his power byithholding military aid for ukraine whileor pressingn investigation into the bidens. mr. trump called the inquiry a hoax. the first two people in front of congress on wednesday are william taylor, top diplomat in ukraine, and george kent, deputy assistt secretary for european and eurasian affairs.me on friday, fu.s. ambassador to ukraine marie yovanovich is due to testify. meanwhile, donald trump has announced plans to probably release another transcript of inhis conversation with u's president by the end of the week. to break this all down i spoke earlier with jay newton-small from "time" magazine. thwhat ibig picture that democrats are hoping to paint with these opening witnesses? jay: for them this is about the court of public opinion.
if you go back to the impeachment trials of richard nixon, public opinion going intv those trials wy much against impeachment. then they made the case that this is what tresident -- this is why the president should be impeached,this is the case against him. by the end of it you saw the senate turn against nixon and say, hey, it is time to go, we think there is a compelling case you are not going to survive. they are hoping, democra t, that the sang will happen this time around, that they will make such a convincing case that there will be no choice and senate republicans will have to turn against their od president peach him or tell him to go. laura: what is the case that democrats are hoping to make? is it that the prede abused his power, is it that he engaged in briry jay: well, they say that there has been this quid pro quo, the question of the ukrainian call -- can you do me a favor, cando yohis for me -- and that there was an explicit withholding of a in order to get some kind of dirt agnst a political rival in the united states. republicans, the strategy is quite interesting in defending
e president because they said in a memo released today amongst house republicans that there is tons of corruption in th ukraine, and that the president had absolute right to have the ukrainians question potential corruption going on in their own country. the difference is that it is not a question of ukrainian corruption politically within the country. on is a question of corrup that the ukrainians potentially colluded with in american. politi it is all intermeshed in the question of what is sovereignty. is it ukrainian sovereignty, sovere and all so entwined it can get confusing. laura: indeed, and republicans are pointing outthightly that witnesses have secondhand information about what happened. jay: it is a lot of hearsay. the whistleblower, who they testifying, the original whistleblower, it was all secondhand information -- i hearfrom white house staffers th were concerned about th particular call.
really you have to democratsin ng forth in william kent and bill taylor the strongest cases that they think will make the connection in the mostng compelay that there were laws broken and this was in fact collusion with a foreint to interfere in american elections. whether they make that case remains to be seen. laura: the president himself as meeting turkey's president erdogan, but will he be keepingo an ethe proceedings even though he says it is all a hoax? jay: we will see with the president's twitter feed. we will not instantaneously whether he is watching or not. my gss is that he will watch less the hearings themselves f than t news summaries at the end the day, which seems to be his choice way of consuming news. but he sometimes tends to tune in and you see him in real-time responding, as we have in past hearings. it will be a circus, as they say in washingn. but one in which they say also that we live in interesting times in the best sense of the chinese curse. laura: indeed. janewton-small, thanks for
being with us. as jay was saying, turkey's president erdogan is in town for a white house visit tomorrow. some members of congress are urging president trump to uninvite the leader. they say that turkey's invasion of northern syria was ana onal security and humanitarian disaster. congresswoman susan wild is on the house foreign affairs committee, and i spoke to her rlier from capitol hill. i started by asking if president trump should have gotten a itcont to a cease-fire by bere granting this visit. rep. wild: i think we should have gotten the commitment before president erdogan was w invited to tte house for a visit. it is a great honor to be invited to the white house, and oudon't think that it have been done in this order. i would've liked to see the commitment come first. ur should president trump at least get a commitment froga president erto stop buying
russian missile defense systems? rep. wild: words only means so much. actions are far mo important. i'm very concerned that we will hear maybe a command, or perhaps -- maybe a commitment, or perhaps language that is commitment, that will not be lived up to. that is why i believe that inviting him for this state visit before we saw the kinds of action we need to see had besh accomp. laura: are you worried about the kindf symbolism that this white house visit confers on accused of suppressing his is domestic critics? rep. wild: i think we ar sending the wrong message to the rest of the world. our allies have been f very heavily on pressuring president erdogan at a time when we are inviting him to the white house, which as i said before is considered quite an honor to be doing that, anin the context also, as you said, of the domestic pressures in turkey and
the imprisonment of journalists and the way that president erdogan has behaved towards the kurds is to me sending very much the wrong message. laura: do you think congress will be sending sanctions against turkey for the presint for him to sign? rep. wild: i fully expect thatsa tions will be entertained if something doesn't change very quickly. laura: the white house is also saying it might introduce sanctions against turkey if it carries on defense system. is there common ground here? rep. wild: possibly, although we have seen inconsistent behavior on the part of the administration when it comes to turkey and this situation at the northern syrian border. i don't know if wet the same mind as the administration or not on the issue right now. ura: congresswoman susan wild, texas a mh -- thanks so much for joining us. rep. wild: thank you. laura: i will be at the white house tomorrow to bring you more on erdogan's visit, and the bbc will have special coverage of the public impeachment hearings on capitol hill. we will bring those to you live along with analys from our top
am in washington starting at 1500 gmt on wednesday. a very significant day in the nation's capital. more than 1000 migrants have di trying to cross the mediterranean sea into europe this year. it is one of the most dangerou f rout refugees anywhere in the world. for many, the journey begins in libya, where our international correspondent orla guerin t with a family determined to make their way across. orla: here is how the european dream ends for some. the red crescent collects themar withfrom the beaches of libya. the unknown dead of the mediterranean. but this extended family from cameroon are planning to risk the crossing. they have already tried it twice. a little girand hebrother are now in the care of their aunt and cousin.
their mother gave her all trying to get them to europe. >> this is a picture before she died. this is the last picture we have. thiss e last memory. we try to remember delphin. y we pray evy that she is in peace. orla: this was her a year earlier, 34 and determined to find a better life. her relatis tell me she gave them the strength to flee the poverty at home and traveled to libya. her sister tells me delphin gave birth locked in a detention center without proper medical care, and she says their long journey with the people affickers was a journey
through hell. >> the rapes would happen like this. they would demand we take our clothes off in front of the men and the boys. they would take us and do what they wanted with us. beaten, if they dido whatly they were told. there is one strong guy and we really thought he might be the one to break out of the prison. they took a machete and they cut his ligaments so he couldn't move. in the end, he died. orla: for delphin, death came after two days at seon a uggler's boat. she and the children were caught and put back in detention,here she died in agony. >> she was crying out.
i woke and asked what was wrongs for the she sa had a -- what was wrong. she said she had a headache. we were locked in. there wanobody there at night. i was praying that the sun would rise and people would come. she was dying in front of me, and i was powerless. orla: delphin's dream was for her 11-year-old to be a footballer in europe. >> i know if i go to europe i will be somebody to her. orla: how long has it been sinc you have bee school? >> two year since i go to school. orla: and you miss it? >> miss it. orla: he admits he is scared to cross the mediterranean, bli he is stilling to his mother's dream.
orla guerin, bbc news, trili. laura: he carries on without his mother. in other news, israeli leader benjamin netanyahu has warned there could be a protracted flareup of tension with the military in gaza following israel's killing of a second islamic jihad commander. for the second day clashes have continued along the gaza border. schools were closed as more than 150ockets were fired from gaza in retaliation for the killing. the supreme court heard arguments in a case that affects almost 700,000 young people. known as the dreamers, he came to the u.s. legally as children and were given legal status under president obama.the trumps , deferred action for childhooda arrivals. a cision is expected in 2020. rmfo bolivian president evo morales has arrived in mexico city, saying he asked for asylum because his life was in danger.
simr. morales regned on sunday protests over disputed presidential election result. former u.s. president jimmy hospital in atlanta following surgery today to relieve pressure on his brain after he fell. there were reported to be no complications with the the 94-year-old will rema in hospital for observation. the situation in hong kong is getting worse by the day, with the police spokesman saying that the rule of law has been pushed to the brink of totacollapse. the latest flashpoint was at a local university, where protesters were in running battles with the police. it comes a day after shocking footage of an offaer shootin demonstrator at close range. robert brand has more. robin: "run," d shecounting in cantonese, and they are --in she is sg in cantonese, and they are running, but not for fun. hong kong students of the university racetrack were escaping the trr gas and rub s police raided their
campus. moving on to the grounds of a chinese university is a marked escalation by the police. th said they needed to stop people throwing bricks and other dangerous items from a campus bridge onto passing traffic. by night, that bridge became the front line in a standf. police on one side, protesters on theer oa raging fire in between. 24 hours previously, this place have been completely normalhe. across t university, protesters and students formed a human chain to supply the front line with water and food. others sat in groups, preparing their supply of weapons. you are sitting here making actual bombs. -- petrol bombs. >> why we are doing this, yesterday you note that used real bullets. that can kill someone.
if they upgrade theier weapons, we need to upgrade our weapons, too. robin: this scene shows you how drastically the nature of this confrontation has changed. it started out five mogo with hundreds of thousands of people marching on the streets in peaceful demonstrations. now at the entrance through university, there is a roadblock one, f burned-out car blocking the entrance to the bridge, and aund me, dozens of protesters in black sitting and waiting, not knowing what is coming next. diffhere. of this week has been a standoff at the university more dangerous. in its six-month now, this particular part ofhe purchase felt ls like a confrontation -- of the protest felt less like a confrontation and more like a conflict. laura: hong kong grows even more divided and violent with no obvious way out. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's
aogram, a royal first. the spanish king queen touchdown in cuba to mark 500 years and's the founding of hana. -- since the founding of havana. australi firefighters say they t ve a long way to go to contain huge bushfires te burning out of control in eastern australia. the flames have come close to homes in sydney. here is so mercer. phil: fes are unpredictable beasts. more than 70 are burning acros new south wales. about half are out of control in terrain that is rugged and hard to reach. 3000 firefighters have prepad for what officials said was the most dangerous fire week australia's most populous state has ever seen. a catastrophic fire warning was issued for the first time in sydney. there are fires in t suburbs
the outbreaks here came very close to homes just over the roads from the bush lands that continue to burn. the blaze has been brought under control, andce the substan you can see on the road and on the roofs of these housess ire retardant. ese fires just go to show how dangerous it can australia's biggest city, as conditions get worse. homeowners here were lucky. their properties wereen spared d hough flames had raged just meters away. >> a lot of cracking noise and the flames were really black up in t sky i can't even explain it to you. i won't see my house again. phil: the fear is that in such dry and dusty conditions, new afires could start easily spread quickly. conditions in new south wales tomorrow are expected to be far
less extreme. for now, sydney remains hostage a smoki, toxic haze. phil mercer, bbc news, sydney. laura: hillary clinton is worried about russian election interference, not in the., u but in britain. the government there will release a report -- won't release a report on whether russia meddled in the u.k. elections including the referendum until after the election. the former democratic presidential hopeful says the decision is shameful. her comments come as more democrats consider getting into thu.s. presidential race. so would she run again? mrs. clinton along with hera, daughter, chelave been speaking to the bbc's misha husain. mishal: it would be gutsy to have another go at it.
ms. clinton: it wod be vy gutsy, that is true. it is something i thinabout all the time.k i th lot about what is happening in our country, around the world. can to the candidates who are running because my goal is to help retire the current incumbent. i think it is imperative that our country regain its leadership and its credibility, so i will do everything i can to make that happen. mishal? will you be endorsing one of them? ms. clinton: i don't think so. i think i will support them and ananswer their questions i way i can.bu owce we have a nominee, to do everything i o do to win. mishal: what do you think about what is happening in this country, the direction o brexit?to ms. cl my real hope is that the u.k. sorts itself out. it is up to thpeople of this untry to decide the direction. but we need a strong u.k.
we need a u.k. with smart, leadership.orward-looking i'm dumbfounded that this government won't release poe about russian influence, because every person who votes in this countrdeserves to see that report before your election happens. that should be an absolute condition, because there is no doubt, we know it co our try, we have seen in europe, we have seen it here, that russia in particular is determined to try to shape the politics of western democracies, not to our benefit, but tors th. mishal: why do you think they are not releasing it? ms. clinton: i don't know the answer that. i thk a reporter like you an others should be relentless in trying to get to the bottom of it. we know from even this current trump administration's intelligence officials that the russians are still in our
electoral system. we know they are still pumping oupropaganda we know that they would very much like to ensure the reelection of someone who has done their bidding, o just recently said he hopes he can be in red squaron may 1 with putin to see their may day military parade. there is no doubt of the role that russia play iour 2016 election and is continuing to play. there is lot of evidence that russ plad in the brexit election. now, i am not in your country and i d't have a say about any of that, but the fact that the currlet government won't e this report by your own vernment should raise some questions. laura: hillary clint asking questions about motion election interference in the u.k.
now, royal history is being made in communist cuba. the king and queen of spain have begun an official visit to the isnd, the first time that has ever happened. the trip coincides with ave 500h anary of the founding of havana, and is cuba's relations with washington, which improved under president obama, turned sour once again. from hana, will grant reports. will: it is a busy heavy with historic symbolism. when king felipe stepped off the plane with queen letizia, he became the first spanish king to make an official visit to cuba. the upcoming 500th anniversary of havana seemed like a good opportunity to the communist-run government to show them the island which christopher columbus once described as the most beautiful land ever seen. for years, havana has been slowly restoringts splendid architecture, and the govern snt is keen tow its best face to the spanish royals. among thos the trip is the man responsible
for havana's preservation. >> we will luminate the land at the top of the central dome as it was originally, a ray of light which along with the l moro castle represents a symbol of havana for the ages. will: yet the royalsrrive at a complicated ti, too. cuba is feeling the pressure of new economic sections from island's fuel supply.the as the spanish royals and driven around the city, they y notice the long queues for petrol. the effcts of the latest tightening and sanctionsad of te trumnistration can best be seen here at the petrol pump. e collapse in bilateral relations has turned the simple act of filling the car with fuel into a daily ordeal for many cubans. at a recent forum in havana with regional left-wing allie the cuban foreignr minisrned that worse was to come. >> i feel the duty to tell you
that difficu times are coming in which the efforts of everyone before the north american aggression will be decise and possib definitive. will: in that regard alone, the spanish yal visit is important for the cuban government. as the spanish king lake erie to cuba-- lai a wreath to cuba's national hero jose marti, he noted that the island needs national support at the mooent even if itcome from their former colonizers. laura: changing times in cuba. remember, you can find much more of all the day's news at our website. rai am lrevelyan. thank you so much r watching "bbc world news america." narrator: funding for th presentation is madeossible by... babbel, an online program designed by language specialists
judy: good evening. on the newshour tonight, the dreamers get t day in court. the supreme court hears arguments on theate of undocumented immigrants brought to the uss children. then, how we got here. with public hearings in the impeacnqentry slated to start tomorrow morning, gexamin what brought us to the edge of this history making event and what will come next. and, on the froier. a look at life in the israeli borderlands, where civilians are forced to live with the fearsome reality of backyard rocket fire. >> so let me show you our safe room. a year ago, there was a rocket, they shot a rocket. and our two-year-old was jt, like, a one-year-old, less even.