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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  December 1, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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captioning sponsored by wnet >> stewart: on this edition for sunday, december 1: severe weather snarls travel across the u.s. for world aids day: living with. ur and inignature segment: the digital disruption of singer mac demarco. next on "pbs nehour weekend." >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. sue and edgar wachenheim iii. the cheryl and philip lylstein faro lind p. walterin memory of george o'neil.
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barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of americadesigning customized individual and group rerement products. that's why we' your retirement company. additional support has been provid by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, a private corporatn funded by the american people. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. from the tisch wnet studios atr lincoln cen new york, alison stewart. >> stewart: good evening and thank you for joining us. a powerful winter storm is sweeping into the northeast and making travel difficult as the thanksgiving weekend comes to a close. across the upper midwest heavy snow and wind caused highway closings aca flight ellations last night and today. blerzard conditions caused p outages and authorities issued a no travel advisory after 20 inches of snow fell in duluth minnesota.
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the snow, rain and icee its way into the northeast thisre morning and s expected through the national w service issued winter storm warnings for new england and new york state-- predicting more than a foot of snow in parts of the region. and vere weather may have contributed to a plane crash in south dakota yesterday.di nine peopl and three were injured when a single-engine ane crashed shortly after takeoff about 140 miles west of sioux falls. tomorrow members of the house intelligence committee will begin privately reviewing the final report from the impeachment inquiry. late yesterday the intelligence committee added a hearing for tuesy to consider anvote o approving and sending the report to the house judiciary committee. the findings from the depositions and public hearings with ukraine will basislings for the committee's decision on formal articles of impeachment. on wednesday the judiciary committee has scheduled a public hearing to consider the historal and constitutional standards for impeachment.
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president trump and his attorneys are invited to participate but the presentll e in london for the nato summit. on the eve of a two-week climate conference, u.n. secretary general antónio guterres called international efforts to reduce paris accord, "utterly the 2015 inadequate." guterres urged leaders to pledge to reduce greenhouse gasesotr reach carbon nity by 2050. >> we are confronted now with a obal climate crisis and the point of no return is no longer over the horizon, it is in sight and hurtling towards us. >>tewart: 25,000 delegates from almost 200 countries are expected to attend the conference in madrid. house speaker nancy pelosi announced yesterday she will lead a u.s. congressional delegation. last month the trump administration officlly notified the u.n. that the u.s. would withdraw from the 2015 paris agreement. in mexico, about 40 mile
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southwest of the border town of eagle pass, texas, at least 21 people died after alleged drug rtel gunmen in a convoy of pick-up trucks opened fire on the town of villa union yesterday. during an hour-long stand-off, at least ten of the suspected cartel gunmen and four police officers were killed. officials said policlater chased down and killed at least seven more attackers this government buildings, including the town's municipal office, were left riddled with bullet mayor's office aretille at the missing. in an interview broadcast lastes tuy, president trump said he plans to designate the cartels as terrorist organations. on friday, mexico's prt andres manuel lopez obrador, said he would not accept any foreign intervention in mexico. in london today, police identified the second victim ino fray's tattack as 23-year-old saskia jones. jones was a graduate of the university of cambridge r d like the otctimjack merritt, she was participating in a
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conference for students and prisoners where the violence gan. three pele were also injured in the attack. one was released from the hospital and the two othlys are reportn stable condition. a winter storm threatens to bring a foot of snow to parts of the northeast. visit f the latest. today marks world aidsay and while there has been significant progress in medical treatment and management of h.i.v. nearly 38 million people globally live with the virus, an estimated 1.7 million people were newly infected last year. more than half of those globally celeste watkins-hayes is a professor of sociology andam africaican studies at northwestern univeity and faculty fellowt the institute for pocy research. she spent more than a decade researching the ciumstances under whh women contract and live with the virus. she's author of the book "remaking a life: how women living with h.i.v./aids confront equality" and she joins me now from detroit, michigan. >> stewart: in your work and in your writing you
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contextualize hiv aids not just as a disease but as you write quote injury of inequality. would you explain that concept? >> it is important to understand that while hiv can infect any of us it diproportionately affects and small wounds t 0y, those big bodies, to our families, to our disproportionately affect our health out comes, so whether we are talking about people of color,exual minities, low-income folks, transgender individuals, we know that pople who are at the 0 quote unquote bottom of society's lader are often at highest risk for ntracting an illness like hiv, now why is that? part of that is because of the social context of risk, and the ways in which limited access to healthcare, limited access to resources, economically to take care of one selves, oneself and limited access to medication make it difficult for people
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living with hiv and those at higher risk of contracting the illness to protect themselves. >> stewart: when you think about these safety nets that we need for hiv and aids, what do those look like? >> well the hiv comnity has over the last 30 years built a very strong safety net for people living withiv and for those at higher risk. and it is comprised of four things, number one, the hiv community has pushed very strongly for acctos healthcare for people living with hiv, so when we thi w about the ryite care act and we think about the aids drug assistce program, those policies provide healthcare access and also medicines to people living with hiv. the second thing that the hiv community has done very effectively is to buil very strong support network for people livinowith hiv, whether it is support groups or case management or the opportunity to be led by peer mentors, a community forms around people living with hiv to
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really offer the social tupport they need to battle with their diagnosis and to battle the stigma that it brings. the third thing that community does isit provides an on ramp todpolitical a civic engagement, so when we look at the hiv acl tivists, e way back to the 1980s they have built an ongoing leacy of community and political activism, where they are spking truth to power ad engaging our politicians to make sure that the fight continues around hiv. and the last thing that the hiv safety net is thinking about is economic sustainability. ifou don't have food, housing, affordability in terms ofll of the life spce and needs you won't be able to maintain your health so the hiv community has very effectively lobbied for ways for people living with hiv to get access to services and also to get access tosistance that can lead to economic and financial self sustainability? >> stewart: where in thisdo
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countr there need to be more work done? what region of the country? >> certainly in the south. so when we look at the strength of the hiv safety net, we knothw it is pretty robust, although it can always be strengthened but it is prettybu in our major cities. but where we have really seen the tefety net fais in the south. that is for a couple of reasons. there hasn't been, although there has been activism there hasn't necessarily been the strength of the attention tarnli activism fo work being done, it hasn't necessarily hite our ng news in the ways that it has hit our news in dc and new york and san francisco south has kind of languished due to a lack of attention, lack of resources, ba also reluctance on some policy makers to expand thalthcare access to people in those regions o country in ways that have affected what we now see in t ermsof rising hiv infection rates in the south. >> sewart: one of ththings i know that is important to you 0 in your research, in your
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writing is the language that we ound hiv/aids, instead of saying living with or dying from, you say we should think about it as thriving despite. talk to me why language is so important. >> sthe language of thriving because it reflects ournt, scientific moment in the epidemic. ma people who receive an hiv diagnosis believe they have a death sentce, but due to the medical advances people now find thatf they take their medications as prescribed and reach undetectable vioads they can't sexually trance split the virus and they are much mory lio have full life expectancies. so, really, when we are talking about hiv, it is not about dying from hv. it is about how do you get to a place where you can live with hiv, through medications and through taking care of one's health to thriving despite, where one can really have all of the full experiences and due to the our key now is making sure that
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in terms of access and affordability people have access and opportunities to move along that trajectory from dying from ag living with to thriving despite an hiv dsis. >> stewart: professor celeste watkins hayes, thank you so much for being with us. it is wonderful to be with you, allison. thank you so much for having me. >> >> stewart: last month, a trove of leaked documents revealed an exceptional inside view of china's mass detention of ethnic minorities in northwest china and it's growing complex of internment camps. hundreds of pages of documents obtained by "the new york times" revealed internal speeches fromr ident xi jinping, as well as directives from senior officials io how to manage indoctrin camps. erditional leaked documents were later given to oournalists
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detailing how, in the past three years, uighurs and other muslim minorities have been detained tifor ideological transfor and were kept isolated from the outse world. newshour weekend's hari sreenivasan recently spoke about those findgs with austin ramzy, one of the reporters from "the new york times" who first broke the story. >> we received 400 pes of internal documents describing the history of how these camps came about. it showed that, that xi jinping, um, chinese president, had been looking for some sort of answer to the problems of separatism and religious extremism in xinjiang. and so, five years ago he gave some very tough speeches. shortly after that, we began to see some small camps and then in 2017 the growth of these indoctrination camps really takes off. it really clashes with the public face that the government is trying to put on these facilities that they're, they're
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simply boarding schools for people who may have committed some sort of minor infraction,em a way to give ome job training and help them move to better lives. d these internal documents, we see a lot of the harm that is ne to families, children who have their parents taken away. >> sreenivasan: you even point out that there are basicallyea scripts towith the heestions that families will have when one of family members is mysteriously vanished. >> yes, that was perha most revealing document in all ed the things that we rece it was sort of a sample q&a for officialto handle students who were studying inther parts of china and then return home to learn that their parents or othefamily members were in a camp. and the document is full of this sort of pseudo medical languagee ribing the family member as someone who's thinking has been infected, and so they needed to
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be put in treatment and cured. >> sreenivasan: what are they doing inhese camps? how are they actually structuring these places? the ones that they saijust for re ecation or vocational experience. what arehese new documents revealing that tell us that that's not really the case? >> these documents include one incredibly interesting nine page document that's a set of orders that was sent out in 2017 of how camp should be run. it really describes this, kind of, prison-like situation.d, n fact, some of the language is exactly the same as used in prisons in terms of preventing escapes and preventing incidents and things like that. um, very strict controls on people on the inside. um, orders to have people monitor each other or essentially spy on each other. and so, these documehis document in particular, is probably at how the camps are run. >> sreenivasan: so, give me an idea.
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i knowt's hard to pin down an exact number, but how many people are in these caf s in the westina now? >> well, scholars have looke tat this, takit satellite data and construction data asell to try and create estimates and they believe that there are a million orore. >> sreenivasan: a million or more people in the camps now. d, you know, going back to kind of thatirst set documents, what was also interesting is that you found that some of the people who had carry out the policies of taking people and putting them into camps, it wasn't that easy for them. ere was kind of some internal dissent. >> that's right. i mean, aside from the leak of the documents themselv, there were signs within the documents of officials who resisted. in one case there's a detailed description, and he doesn't really seem to be doing it for high minded ideals. he just thinks that it's not gonna work. so it seems like internally there's, there's also sense that
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is program is not, is not working. >> sreenivasan: l right. austin ramzy of "ts" new york tioining us via skype from hong kong. thanks so much. >> my pleasure. >> stewart: while l disruption has upended the business model of the music industry, some artists managed to harness the technology to forge careers without promotion from old fashioned record one of them isermarco, who's self-produced records and unique persona he allowed him to thrive in today's environment. newshour weekend's christopher booker has more. ♪ ♪ >> reporter: the irreverence that infuses the music and career of mac demarco has been there from the beginning. ♪ ♪ from his initial 2012 breakthrough demarco stands as t it of the artist
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unpolished-- a contemporary musician not afraid of the overshare-- or being misunderstood-- whether posting photos of his double chin or appearing as a lizard man smoking a cigar. >> i mean, i know what kids like on the internet. they would want to see my double chin. it's funny. i think it's funny too, it's n problem. >> reporter: for the canadian born singer/songwriter dubbed the "laid back prince of indie rock" the transparency has endeared him to millions of fans, making him a staple of the touring and festival circuit. ♪ ♪o' but demaccess is as much about his ability to go it alone as it is his musical talent and offbeat personality. everything he does is self-produced and self-recorded, in his bedroom or this cluttered, gear filled garage in los angeles.u did ain in recording or is it all trial and error? >> oh, i don't know.
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i never took any-- i have no idea. i mean, i just kd of would get recorders and stuff like that and do whatever i could on them. i mean i still don't really know wh i'm doing i know how to plug stuff in and i know how to set a studio and i understand the basics of, you know. ♪ ♪ >>eporter: demarco's understanding of the basics is how ittarted. he began uploading his songs to bandcamp, a website that allows musicians to sell music and merchandise directly to consumers. he was signed to independent label captured tracks soon after. his first two releases in 2012, an e.p. called "rock n' roll nightclub" followed by the full length album "2" produced tens of millions of streams of his music and videos. ♪ ♪ his video for "my kind of woman," from his album "2" has 35 million views on
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while hi "chamber of reflection," which comes fromup his 2014 follosalad days" million times on s.ver 96 and this past summer, with the omlease of his album "here the cowboy," released on his own label,is basic understanding produced a bonafide billboard hit. ♪ here comes the cowboy "here comes the cowboy" was your first u.s. top ten. it did really well. >> yeah, but what does mean? jack squat! i mean, it's cute. everyone who works for me was like, right on. i guess it means we sold some, but it's like the wild west.ll nobody rknows what's going on. everybody's freaking out about things getting monised, everyone's talking about streaming services, you know, social media of a blah blah blah. nobody really knows what's going on. ♪ ♪ >> reporter: nobody except maybe mac demarco. his fans-- like most these days-- are overwhelmingly
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consuming music on streaming services like spotify or itunes, which pay only a fraction of a penny per stream. but if your song has been streamed over 96 million times like demarco's "chamber of reflection" has, that's still real money. not to mention an endorsementap that your oach might be working. something that for demarco hasin re largely unchanged, and happens nearly every single day in his garage, recorsong song afte. >> i like this. ♪ ♪ yeah! just garbage, but fun to make. >> reporter: it sounds like, this could be a supeo bros world, you know? >> yeah! that kind of stuff. what else we got? what is this? hippie rip similar vibe. ♪ ♪ i think that's the thing for me is sometimes i get more preoccupied with the recording
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side of things so i'll just make something just to see how i can record it. >> reporter: what do you mean, make something just to see how >> yeah.figure it out? like, instead of going down and being like, "i should write a song today." gonna do some, like, little, you know, really rush through something just so i can put the mikes up. you know, i'd say it's just the nerdy side of me coming okay, wethe show now. let's go! ♪ ♪ >> reporter: if it all feels kind of tossed off, well, it is. and demarco is well aware that tossed off any minute. get but he says whatever happens is whatever happens. >> i mean, i have it set up so i could make albums forever.ok you know there's no-- i'm not paying anything to be in here. p i'm not eving for tape anymore, so i can just reuse the same one over and over and starts sounding real sketchy, but, ah, i'm really at a point right now where i feel, feel
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calm. art and i'm going e themaking art that i want to make. and i don't really care if people like it or not. ♪ ♪ >> swart: finally tonight, newshour will have the latest on the nato summit, the u.n. climate conference and wednesday's house judiciary committee impeachment hearing-- on air and online this week. that's all for this edition of" pbs newshour weekend." i'm alison stewart. thanks for watching. have a good night.
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captioning sponsoredy wnet captioned by media access group at wgbh >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible b bernard and irene schwartz. esue and edgar waim iii. ls the cheryl and philip in family. rosalind p. walter, ineoemory ofe o'neil. barbara pe zuckerberg. corporate fundinis provided by mutual of america, designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, a private
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corporation funded by the american people. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. you're watching pbs.
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(projector clicking) [announcer] will you enter mystery challenger, and sign in please? (audience applauding) (dramatic music) [narrator] kings, queens, and presidents stood in her presence, as diddsudiences by the thous she raised standing ovatrtns in all the great conalls of europe, asia, and the americas. she left dozens of recordings, at one time in america she was a household wo. e shheld a place of honor among the heroes