tv BBC World News America PBS October 23, 2020 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovlefoundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ >> i am jane o'brien in washington. this is "bbc world news america." sudan becomes the third arab nation to rmalize rations with israel. 55 million people watched the final presidential debates as joe biden andonald trump clashed over how to handle the pandemic. >> we are about to go into a dark winter and he has no clear plan. >> we are learning to live with
it. we have n choice. we cannot lock ourselves in a basin. anchor: coronavirus is on the rigain. more than 20,000 cases in one day. ♪ jane: welcome to rld news america on pbs and around the world. sudan has become the third country in the arab nation intoe months tgnize israel. president donald trump was poking -- s speaking with the arab ministers and said that it was a huge work of peace for the world. i'm joined now by a correspondent who is athe white house. how significant is this? reporter: very significant.
as you menoned, it is the third country to formally recognize israel alongside the united arab emirates. it has >> >> sudan had been stationed back in theng 90's for harbos, bin laden. it i a deal that has been in the making for quite a bit. earlier in the year, the u.s. secretary of state had visited qatar. qatar had opened up itssp ae for israel. whenever a country that hasiz nt reco israel does so and opens up formal ties is a big moment. it is a big for policy win for donald trump. jane: it is indeed. he is calling it a big win forrl peace as well. what else is he saying? reporter: he spoke abt how the abraham accords, as these are
called, it will see more muslim countris and air signing up. he expects its -- he expects that saudi arabia would sign it. saudi arabia had not recognized israel. this feeds into his image as the big deal maker and getting peace in the middle east. thishes something that nd jared kushner are pushing to make happen. th jane: d wheres this leve the palestinians? reporter: there was a time there where the arab worldeally do anything before it looked through the prism of israeli-palestinian relations. there has always been a want for independent nations from the palestinians. the priorities have changed, and and donald trump, the middle
east sees someone that is a transactional president, someone they can make deals happen with. they realize there are economic benefits to have a relationship with america. they are really about antagonism wi iran. they look at this as something that they need to do, and the palestinians are not the priority as much as they were. part of this process. a jane: thank you very muc f for joining m the white house. now, there was less shouting, fewer interruptions, and more policy during e fal presidential debate in nashville last night. days to go befor the election, joe biden and donald trump argued about how to end of the pandemic and health care relations. reporter: joe biden emerged onto the stage masked, and the stage masked was. this was identical to the first
food fight of the last debate. the shouting had been replaced by a series of emoji faces, i rose, but the exchanges were so sharp. theredent claimed that coronavirus was turning the corner. >> we v have acine that is ready and it will be announced within weeks. we are learningwi to liv it. we have no choice. a basement, like joe does.p and >> he says we are learning to people are learning to direct it. reporter: the president went off -- went after the biden family and the son hunter. >> your family has three and a half million dollars. u'someday'll have to explain. reporter: joe biden was not going to take any lectures from e president about transparency. >> what are you hidg? you have
not released a single solitary year of your tax returns. reporter: in discussion about immigration, babies were sepa there are other 500 children that have become orphans becau the u.s. authorities do not know where the parents are. the president defended what they had done. >> they are so well taken care of. they are in facilitiest te well cleaned. >> they got separated from their parents and it makes us a laughingstock as a nation. reporter: joe biden sought to portray himself as a healer and unifier. donald trump as the outsider who can fix america's broken politics.i went to a bar in nase where trump supporters had gathered. it was striking how empty it was. gshe was with the first debate, it was cramped. last night, erereonly around a dozen. what this final debateaka
difference? >>hi i a lot of americans are already decided. >> statistically, debes are really change minds. >> i'm still undecided because i am disappointed in both candace. >> donald trump was much more effective in his debate last night. is it too little, too late? already in the united states, it seems that probay a third of electorate have already cast their llots. bbc news, nashville, tennessee. jane: one of the key arguments between the debate was on climate change. explaining why he pulled the u.s. out of the paris climate accord, mr. trump had this to say. pres. trump: look at china how filthy it is. ok at russia, look at india. it is filthy. the air is filthy.
the paris accord, i took us out because we were going to have to spend trillions of dollars. we were treated very unfairly. p th us in there, they did a great they did a great disservice. jane: that comment triggered a lot of reduction in india. our colleague has more. reporter: there has been quite a lot of anger and outrage here on social media in response to what president trump said in that debate. people are saying that the use of the word filthy and the way that he said its insulting and disrespect for two indians. others are saying that this could harm his chances with chindian-americaces. others are saying that he has a this country does have some of the world's most polluted cities. it is the way that he said it, that is not appropriate. ini'm tato you from the capital city of delhi, which has
dangerous levels of pollutio it is likely to climb even thhigher, an is unhealthy air. that we are breathing. its also important to mention that this is not the first time the president trump has criticized india. it is a part of his playbook in aic way in the am first agenda to decide other foreign countries and also complement them at the same time. we have seen this time and again with india. he does have a very good way to ship wit the indian prime minister, modi. eit wlier this year that president trump came here on a visit in massive joint rally in the prime minister's home state. i do not think that this particular episode is going to shift thef dynamice relationship, but it could make things a little bit awkward in the coming days. you have u.s. secretary of state mike pompeo who is arriving in delhi in a f days. he is going to talk with the
counterpart, and is the filthy awkward for him., that could be jane: thank you. foreign policy has not bee a the top of tnda for most voters. after last night's debate, after a rare glimpse of how the candidates view the world. we speaking with amanda, was about to you? -- what stood out to you? >> on the foreign policy side, there was obviously a stiiking conver about job biden calling the rationship that president trump has engagedn, with kim jong-un, comparr'g that to hi's. i thought that was very brazen to even say. it shows that president tro p is willinglk with anyone. much like reagan who would shake hands with the rus panmier, he would never let them forget
how important it was to break i think that president trump showed that s willing to talk with anyone. if it mea keeping our interests here in the united states safe. jane:th but norea still has nuclear weapons. didn't joe biden have a point, that presidentrump has effectively legitimized the regime and north korea? amanda: you are trying to work with a dictator here. you're trying to do anything you can to keep your people safe. i think it is important. in holding the line, much like with the obamais admintration, the obama administration warned of the threat north korea was. i think that president trump has done the best job he could. [indiscernible] today we are hearing about sudan and other peaceee ants that he has been able to forge with
other countries like uae and bahrain. jane: he also talked a lot about china. sorry to but in right there. some of his policies in regard to try to have actually hurt his supporters. why should they support him a second time around? as 50 million americans hadate, already voted, it is really hard to try and bring people ontour ide. i really wonder if more than 5% of the people that were watching last night are even undecided. i think people have largely decided. k they look at president trump, and i heard this when i aigning here in florida. we finally have a presidentllho tand up to other countries, like china. i think that is really important.
the administration and state department have taken hardlines unturned, but there still is a lot of things that democrats have not worked on in regards to helping the presichnt bring down a. i think china is important, but i also think the middle east i do not think that there was enough talked about last night on the topic of middt. jane: we certainly have been talking about it on the progra today. sorry to cut you off there, but i e ink we have to le there for now. thank you for joining me. jane: now president trump may have stood up diplomatic relations in asia and his term, but that does not seem to have stopped vietnamese-americans to vote for him. they are more likely to vote for republicans this tvember comparother asian american groups. according to a survey, they ar in favor of trump, compared to
36% stated that they support his opponent, joe bin. other asian voters prefer biden. joining me now is a professor and historian from columbia university. thank you very much for joining why does president trump enjoy supports from vietnamese americans in particular? >> is a very good question. i think that the vietnamese-american population that you are talking about is the older generation. 60 years old and up. they regard the vietnam war and how ended as the touchstone as to how to judge u.s. politicians and the americans today. the first is that you are back in 1975. the myth is that democrats blocked funding as republicans were helpless. democrats voted against allowing
refugees into the countries into e 1980's. democrats are seen as left -- as less tough unturned. this older generation that fought in vietnam on --he fall in vietnam, this was a communist vietnam back to bite china. thirdly, they see that democrats are not good on law and order. cv enemies americans of the through a vietnam mom -- the vietnam war lens. they feel are -- they feel that there could be a threat relad to the vietnam war. theyee protesters once again on the streets. jane: you keep saying the older generation. uddoes that mean att are actually changing? guest: i think so. this older generation is
prisoners of their o past. monolith vote.ey are not a the vietnamese-american community. of the 100 thousands of voters that arein residinome of these battleground states, those that are under 50 identify less and less with the gop. they are basically leading to the leftal there historeferences and touchstones differed from their elders. if manyf them came during this. , they were refugees. another sort of reference would their ties to the old country, vietnam, oria ties to atter less. trump's racist dog whistling
presents a bigger challenge and threat to beat in the mi's and all asian amerans. lastly, i see the younger generation reaing out to their elders, and help their eers get past the misinformation. this constant loop of news, to tell them more about theov candidates and and china. jane: thank you for joining me. really appreciate it. guest: thank you. jane: let's have a quick look at some of the news today. mostfomen are processing acrossie c in poland, related to abortion. 90% all legal abortions carried out in poland last year. libby is warring fractions have te -- the accordyan l was assigned
bywo opposing groups. foreign advisers have four months toeave libya. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, as fierce fighting continues, washington s hosted talks between the two countries for ministers. ♪ jane: nigeria's president president buhari says that the curfew in the commercial hub will be eased from saturday. as our west african correspondent reports, tensions remain. reporter: we asked about the president buhari presidential addres many nigerians have been frightened by the sea of violence that ty've seen and
the last few days. the president has said that any future demonstrations will not be tolerated. many people here are not satisfied with how it all turned out. architects have called for folks to stay home. hasome of the demand been met, but many are left unsatisfied. there has been a political awakening in nigerians young people. there been talks about how to organize themselves ahead of the next elections. ♪ jane: u.s. secretary of state foreign ministers washingtonth today. the conflict over the two sides of the territory continues. is controlled by ethnic armenians but isas recognize part of azerbaijan. bbc russia reports from marshall
agen -- from asher martine. reporter: this was an is ari soldier killed on the frontline. he was 27 years old and about to get married. there are 26 freshlyug graves in the small industrial town. another generation of young men are being lost to the conflict. >> they are all our sons. their blood will not be lost in vain. these lands belong to us, not armenians. reporter: arminian forces reporr that than 400 other soldiers have been killed. the government has not released any figures from their side. every few days, you get a sense
of the seriousness of recent clas[gunfire] it is not soldiers that have been killed,ivilians on both sides as well. citizens have to hide in the basement. their horse stories on both sides. -- there are horror stories. she lost heratr and family members in an attack. [speaking foreign language] [translation] >>ow can i tell them that they are dead? l i wve to tell lies for some time. reporter: this is where the were sleeping. exposure w so powerful, that the whole building collapsed.
people here, the fact that she survived at all is a miracle. so far, both sides had ignored cease-fire agreement they are beginning to clean up and repair. neither side seems willing to in the latest flareup of violence. bbc news, azerbaijan. jane: coronavirus across europe is on the rise with many countries traveling to contain the infection. temperature checks and republican senate hazard. it is the new norm in the center of rome. reitaly harded more than 90,000 new coronavirus cases and the last 20 for hours. >> the swouation is very ying. e hopfor the best, but it does
not look good. >> i am worried about the spread of the onus. reporter: the northern regions the countries worst affected district. in that time a few has be in force and an attempt to stop the contagion. in neighboring france, it a similar piure. from midnight, more regions will be added to strict overnight curfew. it will impact more than 46 million people. authorities say that the health system needs protection. do lors say that the in fear of the powerful surge of the second wave. >> help us to avoid the tsunami. we do not want to live -- we do not want to relive the situation. we would like to avoid getting on whicho that situa was inhumane for everyone. outrage is pointed toward the
country's leaders. reporter: the prime minister broke his own rules. he was caught without a mask in prague, which appeared to be open. the cost of dinner, his career. he has been ordered to resign. >> i do notare who they invite, we cannot preach water and drink wine. i think that the minister of health should lead by example thouexceptions. our medics are fighting on the citizline to save our lies, such a thing is inexcusable. reporter: spain has been grappling with the virus since the beginning of the outbreak. more than one millioneople have not as a positive the buyers. there has been a lack of testing, and leaders believe that the actual tally is closer to 3 million. >> to many countries are seeing
an increase in cases. we are still onl in octor. reporter: the pandemic has d a vacuum of grief and society. families torn apart by a virus, which again, is out of control. bbc news. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... language specialists teaching spanish, french and more. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woouff. on the newshour tonight: the candidates face off. fewer interruptions, but president trump and joe biden present starkly dis erent visionfor the future at their final debate. then, a demographic shift. considerable changes to the voting population in florida could prove critical to the outcome the election. plus, the pandemic worns. we discuss the latest wave of coad cases, and the hunt fo vaccine, with the director of the national institutes of health, dr. francis s. and, it's friday. okmark shields and david b break down the final debate and a potential shift in the balance