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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 31, 2020 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ >> this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the u.k. andround the world. several hospitals in londonet th southeast of england said that they are under pressure du to the sheer weight of covid cases. patients are being movedac as ty capacity. >> we were expecting people to do their parts to take the pressure off. but we are shattered. >> the end of aearly 50 year marriage. the u.k. leaves the trading tonight. the european unio
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goodbye 2020 aelope -- goodbye 2020 and hel 2021. this is the scene athens. in wuhan party.a, there is a we will find out how different countries are welcoming in 2021. ♪ if you're watching around the globe, wcome to bbc world news. the citys under restriction, and no one is allowed on the streets after 10:00 p.m. a 10,000 police personnel will be deployed in ordero t ensure that citizens comply with the covid-19 measures.
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[fireworks] we are sing 2020. many countries have decided to sencel the new year's celebrations becf surges in coronavirus. this is the scene in han, the capital province in china several hours ago. the new year was welcomed with a street party exactly one yr ter the city reported an outbreak that was later named covid-19. in dubai, a socially distanced crowd was allowed to watch the fireworks and light show at the world's tallest building.
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istanbul and turkey have a strict national lockdown. it began at midnight after a dramatic rise in covid cases this is the scene in paris this i, where a curfew place and thousands of police officers have been deployed in order to ensure that citizens do not gather in the city. here in the u.k.,he new year arrives as a country is battling a record number of cases. most celebrations have been canceled, including the famous londonireworks. earlier i spoke to our correspondent james and emma to is a different one celebration >> the edinburg party is recognized around the world as my the biggest, was exciting, one of the most likelyour part that you can go to. people come from around the world to be here at this timeormally. not tonight. lookingunt the scenes a me,
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it is really extraordinary, suc a stramosphere looking down the royal mile down in front of m and edinburg castle behind me. everything is so quiet. one or two people out to see if anything is going on, perhaps looking at the illumination of the castle. princess street, the main shopping street, there would be 80,000 people, a big concert going on in the city park next door to that main street eve, all over the city fireworks at midnight. none of that tonight. the only official event that is happening in this city tonight is a loan piper appearing on the ramparts of edinburg cretle this bee night to play in the new year. the message from the scottish government is crystal clear as to what to do -- stay-at-home only with your own household, do not party anyway indoors or outdoors with other people.
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similarly, the police have said that they would advise people and encourage people to obey and and if they do not, asma an ul sanction, there are pretty hefty fines that could be imposed. it is so strange, that in this year of coronavirus which has been so difficult that it ends way in edinburg, almost theange capital of new yk celebrations with everyone wondering what next or will be like here in and in the rest the world. indeed. emma,n belfast, a very similar mood? >> that is right. aery deserted town center for new year's eve. belfast isot have any official fireworks like edinboro and london bridge this is usually a very lively city. northern ireland is in t first six weeks of locked operate
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this first week has the tightest instctions yet. there is an 8:00 curfew and penole mus go out after 8:00, except for a sensor workers. the streets will be very pair across northern ireland tonight. there are a few buses taking e sensor workers to and from their shift. the cityenter is lit up. it will be very still and very solid across northern ireland. from the health mi whorning said do not think about having any house rties behind closed doors. those could cost wise french while it will be very quiet out here, inside our hospitals in northern ireland, it ia very different story. a lot of hospitals are operating ovcapacity. northern ireland is seeing ard re number of covid cases recorded over e last few days.
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thats why you have heard be very stark morning from the health minister today. the only option for people is to sit at home, finish off the christmas food, watching bbc news perhaps on the televisiond an perhaps a few zoom calls with friends and wishing people a happy new year, hoping that 2021 will be different and a number of ways. simon: several hospitals in londonnd the southeast of england say that they are under surge in coronavirus cases. one senior intenve care doctor has said that anyone hugh ignores the roles of social distancing has blood on their almost 56,000 new ces have been recorded in the u.k. in the last 24 hours. here is our health editor. >> a major london hospital today. is critical care units for covid patients with that of last
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weeken in a ward normally used for patients recovering after major operations. >> it will be 20 by the end of the day. two per day. i number four. >> t university hospitals are now caring for more than 200 covid patients, as numbers increase by 5% per day. today there was a plea to the public to follow social distancing rules over the new year and the weeks ahead. >> we are begging for people to do their part to take the pressure off. once again, we are being asked to date a bit deeper and work harder, which we are all desperately trying to do, but we are all shatred. >> beds, ventilators, other clement is one thing. ensuring that there are enough staff to cope t with surging patient numbers is a really big challenge french there are bulleted week high numbers
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ecabsent bse the sickness and the need to self isolate. hospital management says that theres no easy answers. >> we ar overflow capacity and doing much more than we usually do. it is excessively sy. you need staff that is actually educated and trained to care for veryick people. we do not have endlessmounts of that type of staff available. >> some hospitals in thet southe england are so stretched that patients arriving are being treated inmbulances. it is emerged today that some cases covid patients are having treatment.cross england for >> because the southwest have been west stretched, we have activated systems and processes that we have set up some time o to find intensive care beds further afield tlyn would norme the case. patients have come both to plymouthnd to bristol from tent print -- from kent. >> back here, there is another
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owtensive unit and they kn that 20 beds will fill closely. in event january will be even tougher. simon: the pfizer-bionte vaccine is the first to get who validation f emergency use. is paves the way for countries to quickly distribute the vaccine. the who says that this i c crucial tobat the pandemic. the pfizer-biontech vaccine has been certified for demo countries including britain, united states, and the eu. hundreds of thousands of already received their first shots. the united kingdom will complete it transition from the european legislation to rate u.k.'s post brexitit agreementthe eu has been signed into law. our rrespondent was in dover as the final fairy departed to
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france before change. correspondent: this very is departing dover and it will be the last to leave the u.k. and reach its destination before the end of the transition period tonight. the u.k. training relationship with your will profoundly change. it is leading the single market and custom unionf the you. a trade deal that was reached with brussels on new year's eve, there will not be extra tariffs and there will not be quotas, there will be more r tape and more bureaucracy and paperwork for businesses on both sides of the annel. there could also be destruction. the government has warne n that over tt few days, there could be disruption and it been advised that those who come to can't should turn around if they do not hav their paperwork -- those coming to can't. they said they have been turning away business and the past few the staff you are trained tove deal with this new upsurge of
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paperwork that is being caed for from businesses trying to get their goods over into europe. will the costs be passed on to we will have to wa see. i heard that cost passed on to consumers will be minimal but for smaller and medium-,zed businesse will have to wait and see. simon: for months, the vernment has been urgo g businessest ready for a new era in trading with the you. it was only boxing day but the details of the new rules were published. chris morris has been looking at how things will change. correspondent: with the transition period at an end, we are moving into a near era. brexit actually happened a new -- a yea ago and the practical effects only start now. initial attention will be on borders. for trars, one thing stayshe same. no tears or taxes on goods crossing between britain and the eu, which is a big relief for many. there are forms to be filled e
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and text tone on customs and product standards and food if they do not have the right paperwork, they would not be allowed to cross. the government has decided to delay tax on goods coming into view case for six months. ing into the eu, they start straightaway. ver trs, because of covid restrictio, most of us will not be able to travel for europe for a while. we are outside the single market. that is temporary. in the longer term, thee f movement of people is over. eu citizens lose the automatic right to live, work, retire in the u.k. in the future. u.k. citizens lose the same rights and europe. you willot need a visa for short-term travel like holidays. you cannot stay in european countries for more than 90 days in every 180 day. -- period. . if you have a health insurance can it will remalid until it expires. the government is setting up a
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new u.k. scheme but it does not exist yet, so you might need to get travelers insurance. you will need to get a green card to prove that you have the right vehicle insurance. if you want to take your pet to europe, you will need an animal health certificate from a that. services -- health significant from a vet. therein will be a chang services for the u.k. economy. theres not a huge amount in the deal about financial services. the exact conditions about which u.k. companies can operate in europe, they are not yet clear. in terms of access, there is better news for u.k. lawyers who want to work in europe compared to u.k. accountants right there is noge l any automatic recognition of profess qualifications. as a make a hardefor some to sell services across the border. northern ireland will have a differenrelationship with the
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eu compared to the u.k.. northern ireland is staying in the eu's in the eu market for goods, which means that companies in belfast will not face new bureaucracy trading with the eu, it also means that the european court of justice so s a role in northern ireland, which is not please there will be new ccks down the irish seed between trait of ate u.k. and gritain with northern ireland print we have not even talked aboutetishing or coion rights. a lot in the new agreement is unresolved still. hiif you that talking in negotiation will stop, think again. simon: chrisorris. talk to and isaacs he a correspondent for political europe. we are going to talk tonna isaac. >> what we are startg is a new trading relationship, we are not ending a relationship full stop.
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it is very clear that there are talks abofa expenses to litate these meetings at the drug partnership council. we area going to be havin lot more dialogue and the years and months ahead. simon: what is missing? what are the gaps at the moment? christian: > this is like this is why people >> we heard a little bit that we have this understanding of financialum of services by march 2021. we know that we only have four months worth of what is called an agreement of allowing the flow of data between the u.k. and europe. an agreement is not reached on that more permanent basis, that has phenomenal issues for trade and services, which is 43% of the u.k.'s exports to the eu. simon: both c sides of tnnel are going to be struggling with and the initial period. the criticism at the moment is
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that with such a late aeteement, thels are still not widely known. >> we had even seen this evening, i think it was about 5:00 here in the.k that further detailed guidance of case studies showing how a buness that looks a bit like yours could deal with redtape issues. the border operating is beinch ged on a frequently basis was meant to be this bigible that explains everyone to custom officials how this new w border wik with the eu. detailed guidance on wt certain businesses, if they export bits of different machinery, that guidanceas only been published at :00 this evening. -- at 5:00 this evening. businesses need montos if not yeardapt to this. now they are getting mere hours. it is fair to say that businesses will not be ready, there will be a lot of
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unintentional illegalityr people are not quite meeting the rules. a lot of the short-term economic impact depend on how singently the eu chooses to apply its rulesg., come this even simon: the biggest hole atldhe moment wppear to be in the role of the financial services. lender does not rllynow what the future hold at the moment. -- the city of london does not realw k what the future holds at the moment. >> ever since we reached the point that we would leave the ngle market, and we lost in a lot of different powers from firms, which meant that they could have a base in the u.k.. as soon as we started to see that shift away from the single markets, because we were not going to have the freedom to move people, you started to see the city bracets itself for no al. a lot they have set up offices in the yield -- in the you to
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serve ctomers, the cannot just have e u.k. as their hub for the rest of europe anymore. they cannot rely on even with th memorandum would achieve, which is a so-called equivalent decision. that only has 30 days in it. the euld cind of decide to pull the rugs and actually decide that you have diverge from one-way are another, and we do not know what you are doing some so we're going to cut off your market access within 30 days. if you are operating a business that needs legal certainty, that may not be good enough for you even if we achieve that in march. there is a lot of uncertainty cing the city right now about what this trade with europe will look like. simon: thank you and happy new year to you. bosnian government ha ordered authorities to open the three months ago. hundreds of migrants have been
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sleeping out in the freezing cold since agency pulled out of another camp. authorities have refused to connect water and electricity. >> this might look li kind of exodus, but in fact, these people have spent the past week getting nowhere fas and northwestern bosnia. now there headed back to where they staed. -- they are headed back to where they started these buses were supposed to take them to a militard barracks e's outf the country that would've offered them some shelter on the harsh bosnian winter. local authorities refused to take them print after 36 hours of sitting on buses, they ended up back on foot and . were ce last night, we the buses. they are excusing desperate -- we did not know that this would happen.
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something good would happen with you. unfortunately, they commanded that you had to be the buses and go back. left of the ty.this is this is why its former residents were trying to move. fire swept through this camp near the borr with croatia st week, destroying almost all of the accommodation that had housed around 1500 people. this currently seems to be the best thabosnia can do for these men who have traveled of the area in the hope of reaching some of the cap survived the hundreds of people hav been staying here. aid agencies say that i itnot safe, and they have been urging bosnia to work with theom internationalnity to find a proper sution. >> i think the whole chain has
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failed. it is the e defeat ofurope and our european society and spirit. correspondent: the red cro is still serving food at the burned-out camp. the bosnian national government has reordered the reopening of a facility in the nearby city. aid agencies feared that the local authorities will block any move. these people could be out in the quote well into the new year. cold well into the new year. oimon: let's look ahead tty: now look ahead to 2021 now. . here is areview with our global scien correspondent print -- global science correspondent. be a critical year for climate change. the coronavirus pandemic meant that a m postponed. meeting was now it will take place in 2021
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in glasgow, scotla. nations will reveal how they intend to cut greenhouse emissions. it means that we will nd out if there commitments are ambitious enough to stop the effects of climate chang scntists say that we will push for a greener future because the window to ask is closing fast. in space, all eyes will be on mars. a trio of spacecraft will soon be arriving at the planet. the united arab emirates hopes to make history by becoming the first ab nation but a spacecraft in orbit around mars. china will be enteng a new era in space by attempting to land a six wheeled rover. nasa is trying for a first, as it tests a mini mars helicopter to see if it will fly and the thick martian ai >> left off. correspondent: we should also see the lines of a new private spacecraft, following the lead of the u.s. company spacex.
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the starlight capsule that would take astronauts to the international space station. the world will be watching to see if the company can get it spacecraft back onrack. also in 2021, the u.k.'s new polar research ship will be head to the arctic. the vessel is now named after the british naturalist, sir david adam brokerage -- if it passes this test, it this ship will head to antarctica at the end of the year. simon: looking at the future. now let's look at the past. noa as been unearthed in the russian arctic. it was believed to be living at 50,000 years ago. most of hiinternal organs are intact. the rhino was between three and
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four years old for died. probably from drowning. as global warning has much of the permafrost there, this typve of dis has become more commonplace you can get in touch with me and the team. you can treat me. see you later. you narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... language spanish, french and more. raymond james. the eeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuingions for america's neglected needs. and tributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> oodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, farewell, 2020-- we look back at the toll of the pandemic and the still difficult road ahead. then, a deadly encounter-- minneapolis police fatally shoot a man during affic stop prompting unrest a questionsst, about transparency. plus, america abroad-- wee examine ump administration's foreign policy legacies and the challenges facingresident-elect biden's team. >> you have a mixed bag, but the kind of have to come in and itso actions will dictate whether the gains will be maintaed or whether the loss of leadership


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