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the freeman foundation. by jovy and peter blumr foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected ne viewers like you. thank you. latest headlines for viewers in the u. and around the world. the united states has passed a coronavirus pandemic, recording more than 20 million cases. research confirms that the new coronavirus variant dcovered in the u.k. has a much quicker rates of transmission. >> all of a sudden, there is a decrea of 30%, but we get massive increase. >> all primary schools in london are to remain closed for the start of term.
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u.s. senate has delivered a rebuke to donald trump in the dying days of his presidency, overwriting his veto of a defense bill. a new era begins as the brexit transition period ends and the u.k. completes its formal separation from the european union. it goes without saying that 2020 was difficult for all of us. how do we do? we will talk to a columnistysho that we did surprisingly well. ♪ >> hello and welcome. if you're watching on pbs in the united states or around the world, stay with us for the latest news and analysis from across the globe. the united states has passed a im milestone in the coronavirus pandemic recording more than 20 million cases, more than any other country in the world. according to be latest figures
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from johns hopkins university, there are now more than 20 million cases in the u.s.. over 306,000 people have lost their lives. i weesday alone, more than 3000 died of covid-19 in the u.s. orthat is a new daily r in california, san diego public soffici confirmed three more cases of the more effectivedi strain that waovered in the u.k., bringing this to a total of four, meriing that the t. the whites right there. we spoke -- that means that it could be widespread there. we spoke with local there. >> we found out from o local public health officials late yesterday that they have been t able tconfiree additional cases after that case was confirmed -- they are using what they call the "s drop" technique
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discovered in the u.k. that s gives a smoknal that alerts that theyul s give more genetic tests. a lab here has bn able to quickly start sequencing the genomes of these tests that come back with the "s drop" present. >> doing of any of these people the united kingdom, or is the fear now that this strain of the virus is pretty y widespread whe are already? >> threef the four have had no recent travel overseas anywhere. it does lo like this strain isl er the place. they have interviewed the ones that have tested herendave found that they are spread out all over our community. theyre not clustered in one place, and none of them know each other at all. that gives our local
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epidemiologists a fair bit of reckoning that this thing is widespread in the community. >> county health officials say they believe this is widespread in the area. what does that mean in terms of precautions that now have to follow? >> it means that they are doubling down on the message thathey have for now. wear a mask everywhere you go, wash her hands a much can, and avoid large gatherings. here in california, san diego, d throughout most of the united states. folks have been going out and gathering around the halls, more than public health would like them to. we've seen cases here in san diego, qui significant cases of people being hospitalized. without a widespreadacne, there is nothing to do then tost
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home. we are already at a general stay-at-home order in the state and in many parts of california. that reemphaatzes the idea people need to stay home, especially last night, here's the. >>an ito ask about the vaccine. u.s.ailed to have 20 million vaccinations by the end of 2020. what is the picture wheryou >> we do haveai a amount of vaccine trickling in. it evidence -- i has been mostly allocated to hospitals in the area. many of the hospitals he already begun vaccinating their frontline staff. they are starting to get into nursing homes this week as well. we are not yet with enough vaccine to vaccinate primary care workers out in the communits. >> thank you for your time, and happy new year to u. thank you. >> were hearing gat concerns abt the new variant of the coronavirus.
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more analysis confirmed that it was a much quier rates of transmission than the origin it has been identified in at least 18 countries around the road after being originally foun in u.k. our health coespondent dominic hughes reports. >> it might be a new year, but there is no let up on l hospitas indon and the southeast. a surge in seriously ill covid patients and staff is being pushed to the limit. beds are a real push point.so patients are being moved from kent where there is more capacity. it shows pressure that they are working under. >> if the number of cases do not begin to reduce fair soon, and reduce sharply, we will be in a situation where the health care infrastructure, not just in london, but across the entire country, is overwhelmed. correspondent: as i not just
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rising patient numbers, staff themselves are falling ill. resources are being stretched. >> everyone is reporting a lot of pressure and send it is difficult. our hospitals are full and it is frustrating because you cannot look after patients in the way that you want to. esyou feel helwhen you note that there is a sick patient in the ambulance y cannot get into the department because correspondent: in order to provide relief, the nightingale hospital in london is being readied for non-covid patients. the situation remains very difficult. >> when we are seeing major london trust in the media today saying that they are under real pressure, at morehan double the normal rates of icu admissions than they would see, they are turning whole floors into additional u space, we
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know that we are in a very challenging space. correspondent:his surge in patient numbers is being driven by the new variant of the coronavirus. it is more contagious and affecting more younger people. it is having an impac jnott here but right across the country. new research highlights the new impact that the variant is having on the r nber, the rates at which it spreads. >> under theockdown, it may be the case would have increased something like 30%. if theew variant is now present, all of a sudden we get massive increase in the number of cases tripled. this is the most serious change in the virus that we have seen since the pandemic be correspondent: the best defense against the virus remains maintaining cial distance, good hand hygiene, and wear a face covering spreads the big concern as this new. spread -- as this new variant
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spreads, the change or be seen across the country. >> all primary schools are to remain closed at the start of the school. open after christmas break.t to we are learning that it would be remote. the education secretary gavin williamson said thatest was a lastt. the priority is to keep as many children as possible in school, there must be a balance between pressures on the nhs our correspondent has given us the details. >> the government said two days ago, primary schools from monday and most of london andth some of surrounding areas, needed to primary school children would not be able to go in on monday, but now all of the london boroughs. tamer ft out.
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-- 10 were left out. there was not any sense as to which areas had high virus rates. very quickly people were questioning how these ons were reached and why there is not consistency across london. the government has been challenged by council leaders and the mayor of london. since his evening, there has been an announcement of a reversal. all of the prima l schools acrodon will be closed for least two weeks to try to get the rates are high in thesee areas. for at least two weeks,s that more time that children will have to spend a home and more time that parents will have to find childcare. theepposition party, s of the teacher unions are saying that this is another chaotice exam government decision-making. >>us a couple of weeks ago, the secretary w threatening if they refuse to close. >> before the christmas holiday,
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some of these exact parts of london were saying, let uolclose the sc the government was saying, no you cannot. if you try, we will take you to court. they fought these boroughs over the exact same thing. some othose same boroughs are being told the although their case numbersere high, they ould open on monday and should let children back into the classrooms. those borough have pushed back, and it seems like they have one. the government has reviewed the data and has said that there is a lot to consider here. it is not just the translation that is not -- it is not just the transmission ray, it means looking at the dynamics and the pressure othe nhs. the govement said timt they needed to go back over that to reach the right decision and in fairness, they haei said that priority throughout has been if at all possible to keep the schools open. they have said that is what is happened and they have tried to close the schools unless they've had to, becau we know that remote learning ineffective
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and difficult and causes problems f parents. others would say that the innsistency, late decision-making causes problems. most people would agree that the government has gotten to the right place with consistency across london. but the confusion and difficulty in getting here has notd ear gavin williamson any stars right on the first day of the year. >> i knew your has begun for the united kingdom after completing its formal separation fromonhe european u there will be changes of many aspects of life like ragration andl. there has been noeport ofration disruption across the channel between europe and france. we hear now from the port of dover. corresndent: the don of a new year and sta of a new chapter for cross channel relations. brexit is now aty rea and they are now needing to navige red pe and inspections, plus covid
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tests before being permitted to cross the border. 25 miles outside of the porch, hd tv -- they ve reached a checkpoint and need aan't access permit. -- a kt.ent access per they seem sanguine about the extra hassle. >> was at difficult >> has it been difficult for you today? >> no, it is ok. correspondent: traffic is usually lights on new year'sut day, b with details of the trading deal publish less than a week ago, many import/export companies are delaying >> many shipments that we had booked for next week are being canceled. supplies from europe rather than
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the united kingdom. itdo see that there are going to be some problems supplies. correspondent: 1651 days since the.k. voted to be the european union, and finally brexit has become a reality. we shall now see what that choice means with our relationship with our nearest neighbors and with britain's standing around the globe. >> today is theirst day of our complete independence from the european union. technically we were independent on the 31st of january last year, that we have just gone to the transitional period. anow that is completed we can say that clearly, that britain is a sovereign, independent state. correspondent: c takintrol of our borders has meant new infrastructure and new id syems to speed up c.toms processi the largest is still not ready open, and fingers are being from the cross. >> with thet governms tried
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to do is to buy itself more time in certain areas. they are trying to get the necessary systems and infrastructure in place. correspondent: the government except that there will be bumpy moments as people adapt to the new post-brexit ment. they insist that today marks the hement that tnited kingdom takes back control of its desty. reporting from dover. >> in the united states, the republican-controlled senate has 'overturned donald trums veto $740 billion of the the senate voted 81-13 defense bill. >> two thirds of theenate is voting. there voting in the informative on the bill every consideration past. the objections of the president of the united states to the contrary notwithstanding. >> mr. trump had criticized a clause that would remove the
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names of u.s. confedernee ls from military bases. the move is seen as he militating rebuke for the presidency. the new york stock exchange says it will do list three chinese telecommunication firms bioause of conne with the chinese military. president trumpec signed an utive order in november barring chese companies from the u.s. that were seen as national security. iran has wn that it plans to level higher than allowed in the nuclear deal. a purity of up to 20%. this remains short of the 90% requirement to make an atomic bomb. iran was supposed to stay below 4%. a panel ofic indian m experts has recommended the emergency use of that nationwide immunization program. the drug regulator is expected follow the advice for final
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approval for the jab approved by astrazeneca. this will be the largest administration drive scheduled to begin on saturday. rescuers in norway have found a body and the degree of homes it is the first confirmed fatality. emergency workers managed to get into the crater on foot for the niple are still unaccounted for. correspondent: a is a race against time. rescuers are accelerating the search of children, women, and men hidden in big crater filled wi clay. it is a high risk process. emgency workers have managed to get into the crater on foot for the first time. they have to carry styrofoam boards spread their weightwe in area ground remains unstable. today, the first body was recovered.
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>> [speaking non]nglish langua >> we fnd one person, unfortunately they have been confirmed dead. is risky.arching the area and it many are affected by this tragedy. there are people who have lost thei houses, everything they own, and now fan the members. correspondent: this father is one of those waiting for news. his gir-oriend and 13-ye daughter are missing. >> [speaking non-english language] >> i wish i could switch plates anth my doctor. she could be heri could be missing. this could happen.ught correspondent: aey journ- a giant army vehicle has been sent , equipped with a steel bridge. the ground is tests -- the ground is still too shaky for it to be deployed. a vigil was held for those missing on new year's eve. police have said that t search will continue throughout the night. rainfall has made i
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unstable. there will now be questions as to why the construction was permitted in the first place. >> the once popular computer software adobe flash player that was used to stream videos and play games online has officially been discontinued by its maker after 24 years of service. i its height it was installed ol computers but failed to present -- failed to transition to the smartone era. something that it ledmobile was with. at the time they're focused on something called flashlight, a lighter version of it big could be used on phones when we are using things like nokia's. it was very intensive on the battery. battery mobile devices. on before version of flash is not very good -- the ful version of
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flash was not very good on the batty. steve jobs wrote a report on flash d did not want it on the iphone or ipad because of battery and security risk. apple has its own closed ecosystem. but the steve jobs letter was scathing on adobe flash and never madet on the iphone. what happens to all the animations on the games now? >> there is work to make an openource flash player called russell -- it can play the sounds or cartoons. the inter archive, known for that machine, if you look at an old website and you want to know what it used to look like, they are trying to preserve some flash animation. e they havcollection of about 2000 famous flash animations that went viral back in tf early dayse internet.
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there are still a project to play these animations but a lot of things will be lost in this which is a shame. >> there is no doubt that 2020 was b atal year, but trying to be positive hasiven us a chance to discover what we value and perhaps who we really are. richard freeman has him looking at what 2020 has taught us. he is a professor in new york. he joins us now. thank you, richard, and happy new year. with great respect, we do not need a psychiatrist to tell us that we have had a difficult year. ouwhat is it taught you us -- what has it taught you out >> it taught me that humans are actually a pretty resilient bunc i'm used to seeing people whoit suffer depression and anxiety, and it showed me that although, i kw surveys have shown thatmericans are more
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anxious and depressed then a year ago. st of us areot clinically depressed or anxious. we are stressed and emotionally, economically stressed. but we did make it through 2020, e vast majority. this is not to beltle the tremendous loss and loss-of-life, and the tremendous grief that this country and of othecountries have withstood. but we he managed to get to a ndvery difficult time, a humans are more resilient than they often give themselves credit for. >> you wrote recently that we have undergone a big psychosocial stress test with all this. what does that mean? >> it means that when you are placed in a situation when there is a certain amount of adversity d you discover how you resp to stress.some people get anxioe peopletr gets. other people discover within
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themselveswa that they can get byhat they did not know that they had access to. being able to tolerate your own eicompany, able to maintain and nourish her friendships virtually, for example, which is a new example for many peopleic- is a new experience for many people who thought that locked out during quarantine would be difficult. >> and thoseay who m not have regarded themselves as risktakers may have found other assets. >> i think, and i know many people,eel this w they do not think of themselves as risktakers, but theeeling of being isolated from friends and loved ones made themtw choose n safety and social connection. people took ae, chand calculate the chance, wearing masks, going out. with new york city for example, you could sit outside with a
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mask and have a drink and have a coffee or a tv or dinner, and as it is getting colder and colder, those venues are becoming more limited. lepeave to decide if it is worth i at thehe moment,overnor has closed indoor dining. for a period of time, people were able to do that but it risk. certain amount of >> three come out of this stronger, individually, or as citizens, fellow humaneings? is there a chance we might actually be kinder after this? >> i think so. in this sense that there is a common level of human awareness of suffering that this has a leling effect. i v mean, theus, the pandemic does not discriminate, like humans do, between social class, ethnicity, religion, sexual
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orientation, any of the things that we set ourselves apart from. this is a leveling phenomenon. >> i'm sorry, we are out of time. thank you so much for that. sit i good to end on a positive note. richard freeman, thank you so a member you can get in touch with me on twitter. on of this programfor this is provided by... language specialists teaching spanish, french and more. raymond james. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter um kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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girl: we are the curious. ♪ woman 1: wow! man 1: the adventurous. man 2: oh! daniel tiger: grrr! woman 2: those venturing out for the first time. all: blast off! man 3: and those who have never lost our sense of wonder. whoa! man 5: are you seeing this? ♪ [quacking] vo: we are the hungry. cookie monster: cookie! man 6: the strong. muhammad ali: i must be the greatest! ♪ bob ss: a happy little cloud. ♪ man 3: we believe there is always more we c uncover. girl: more we can explore. woman 3: we believe... man 6: ...in the capacity for goodness. vo: and the potential for greatness. ♪ man 7: the torch has been passed to a new generation of americans. man 1: pbs. man 3: pbs. girl: pbs. ♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight an uncertain future. the u.s. begins 2021 with ever-risi numbers of covid infections and deaths, as hohitals struggle to cope w the influx of patients. then, major shortcomings. a new report details the many flures in the u.s. department of veterans affairs healthcare system in response to the pandemic. >> what distinguishes the v.a. is that it had this really anquated approach to getting supplies-- this old system that really wasn't built to respond to really any disruption in the supply chain. >> woodruff: and, ivit's friday. brooks and ruth marcus break down the long-awaited covili

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