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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 12, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... man: babbel, offing a language program that uses interactive dialogue and speech recognition technology to teach a new language. like spanish, french and russian. babbel is available in the app store or online at woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned.
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narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ katty: i'm katty kay in washington and this is "bbc world news america." u.s. officials say hundreds will be charged and their role at the seizure of the capital. it will include everything from trespass to murder. democrats push their case for impeachment as mr. trump shows no remorse for his actions in the lead up to the attack. instead, he went to texas to talk about his border while with mexico. the president wants to highlight
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his administration's accomplishments, but critics see it as a symbol of a failed policy. coping with covid. many in the u.k. are coming up with creative ways to pass the time on the lockdown and the safety of their own home. ♪\ katty: welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. a range of criminality unmatched in the history of american law enforcement. that is how it is being characterized of the actions of those who took part in the seizure of the u.s. capitol. the charges that follow could include sedition and conspiracy, among many, many others. >> the range of criminal conduct is unmatched in any type of scenario we have seen.
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we are looking at everything from simple trespass to theft of mail, to theft of digital devices with inside the capitol. two assaults on federal officers outside and inside the capitol, to the theft of the defense information or felony murder. katty: it is a long list. that is what is happening on the critical side. on the political side democrats are saying he should be the first president to be impeached twice. that could happen as soon wednesday. here is our north american editor. >>i the first sighting of the president since last thursday. his first appearance since the storming of congress that left five people dead and america's reputation tarnished. he wants to parade his achievement over the past four years, so he went to inspect the border wall in texas. but it is the walls around him
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and washington that are closing in. he is likely to become the first president in american history to be impeached twice. today he was totally unrepentant. president trump: the impeachment hoax is the greatest and most vicious witchhunt in the history of our country, and is causing tremendous anger, division, and pain, far greater than most people will ever understand, which is dangerous for the usa, especially at this tender time. >> donald trump was asked whether his language had contributed to last week's riots. then he said, we have to fight like hell, otherwise we will have no country left. he told people they had to be strong, not weak. they should march on congress and tell senators what they think. today he said that language was entirely appropriate. >> house will be in order. >> in congress they are likely to vote tomorrow on donald trump's impeachment. >> the right thing to do is to
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proceed, because donald trump is a clear and present danger every second, every minute, every hour that he remains in office. >> with each day that passes since those terrible scenes, alarms seem to grow as more and more shocking videos emerge. officers being dragged out by the mob and attacked. there riots shields held up as trophies. look at the bottom left-hand corner of this video, as a trump supporting rider pails a fire extinguisher at a policeman. these are scenes of lawlessness. and as statehouses act on intelligence that other groups may be planning to storm government buildings, there is high tension in the u.s. in d.c., a state of emergency has been declared. specific plots are being investigated.
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the peaceful transfer of power, the celebration of u.s. democracy has never seemed more fragile. never more fraught with changer -- danger. katty: joining me from capitol hill, watching all of this is my colleague. i want to ask about the democrats and then the republicans. it does look like president trump will become the first american president to be impeached twice, potentially as soon tomorrow. is there division amongst democrats about whether this is the right course of action? >> there is an overwhelming majority in support of taking this step amongst democrats in the house, but there are a few who are worried that it could be divisive, and they fear it could affect joe biden's way to carry out his agenda and get his cabinet nominees to be confirmed because the senate would be tied
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up with this issue. but that is a minority view in the house. especially as we see more and more videos that john was talking about, about the level of violence at the capitol and attacks on police. also security officials hearing about active threats. there is a strong feeling amont the democrats that they need to take the strongest measure possible, and impeachment is the one congress has to do. katty: what about amongst republicans? there is reporting tonight from the new york times that the senate majority leader, mitch mcconnell, does believe that president trump committed impeachable offenses. what are the arguments amongst republicans? >> that was interesting, that report, that mitch mcconnell believes that mr. trump committed impeachable offenses and he is pleased that the democrats are going for impeachment because he thinks it
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will pur the party a mr. trump. but the party is divided. those lawmakers who supported mr. trump's a baseless claims of election fraud and voted against certifying joe biden's win are unapologetic, so there is a strong element from that side of things. you do have more voices speaking out against what mr. trump did. some people, not many, publicly saying you should be removed from office. nobody said they will vote for impeachment. but the reports we are getting about the quiet conversations on phone calls and amongst each other is that there is a shift. last time in the impeachment there was a united republican stand against it, this time people are saying there should be a vote of conscience. you have the top republican in the house not formally lobbying members to not vote against. katty: it is worth saying that
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we have spoke to several members from both sides of the aisle since the attack on e capital, there is a huge amount of anger at what happened last week. they felt they were in danger, themselves. the vice president had his wife and his daughter there. they would like to see some kind of accountability for what happened, both on the investigative side and political side. president trump was in texas today trying to highlight the success of his border wall. but an accomplishment for one side could be seen as a syml of division for others. our bbc correspondent is in mexico city and joins me now. as president trump prepares to leave office, how much of a difference do mexicans think there will be an american policy under the biden administration towards their country as compared to under trump's administration? will: mexicans will want to see a big shift. they have never enjoyed this
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relationship, this odd moving relationship with donald trump. at times, and great conflict with the white house, yet, this strange friendship between the president here in mexico and donald trump. donald trump at the border called him a great gentleman and a good friend of mine. that is the note on which that relationship is being left at the end of trump's time and white house -- time in the white house. the president o mexico did not recognize mr. biden's win for a long time. he was one of the last heads of state to do so. ordinary mexicans want more normality. it has involved things like linking trade to immigration. that is not the way the u.s. -mexico relationship should work. katty: what are they expecting in terms of a change when it
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comes to immigration policy? on the left of the democratic party they might like president biden to be more open when it comes to immigration from mexico, but he has not given signals that he will reverse all of president trump's border policies, at least not immediately. will: from the mexican perspective there is one key element of the trump administration's policy, which is this policy called "remain in mexico policy." by which those asylum applicants in the u.s., while they wait for their cases to be heard, have to wait and dangerous border towns like tijuana, in various places along the border. you and i have spoken from there and done reports all along tt border within those immigrant camps. that is not something that is good for the migrants themselves.
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it is not easy for mexico. the mayors of those towns don't want to host people who are illegally moving to the u.s. more broadly than that, an e nd to the terrible testimonies of children in cages and separated from their families. if that can come to an end, mexico wouldeel it's on a more humanitarian level, the relationship. right now they don't see it as humane. katty: our correspondent in mexico city. u.s. secretary of state mike pompeo has announced a flurry of last-minute policies aimed at leaving the trump's administration's mark on american global affairs. some in the international community seem to be shutting their doors to him. he canceled a last-minute trip to europe after being snubbed by european union leaders. joining me is danielle from the american enterprise institute.
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there are a lot of people in europe who are breathing a sigh of relief that mr. trump is leaving the white house and mr. biden is coming into the white house. how much is going to change in substance rather than in style for european allies? danielle: you asked a key question. for europe, donald trump has been hugely offensive in style. those pictures of him pushing aside other leaders so that he can be at the forefront pretty much encapsulates how he behav es. the challenges that have bedeviled donald trump are the same that will bedevil joe biden. not enough spending on defense, not enough prioritization of trading relationships, an unserious added toward -- attitude towards the people's republic of china.
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all of those will continue to be a problem between the u.s. and europe. katty: there are several people coming into the foreign policy side of the biden administration who were there during the obama administration, who spent a lot of time trying to draw up and finalize the iran nuclear accord. it is a complicated picture to try to revive that accord. what do you think the biden administration's policy will be towards iran? danielle: i think it will be very complicated. the premise of the iran nuclear deal was that we would take iran's path to a nuclear weapon off the table. but president obama suggested things would change in the regime would stop being as aggressive regionally, we would have fewer problems with them, we might even have a relationship. none of that happed under the obama administration nor in the early years of the trump
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administration. now we have a highly fraught relationship. iran is violating the iran deal. iran is acting aggressively towards its neighbors. it's still supporting terrorism. all of those things will make it difficult, and they are demanding loads and loads and loads of cash from the united states before they are willing to entertain compliance with the iran deal. as it was the better iran deal that some of biden's advisors were talking about. katty: the iran deal might be tricky, the other deal that the new biden administration might like to enter is the paris accord. is that something that would be straightforward for the new biden administration to go back into the international community and wrap its arms around? danielle: i think it depends on where congress stands on these issues. it is all good and fine to sign away commitments, to make nice
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with your allies, and to pretend we are all going to do cin things. the real issue is, are we going to be able to meet the commitments? are others going to meet the commitments, and is congress willing to line up behind the draconian cuts that might be required? covid has pulled us into thinking that we can lower all of our emissio in the united states has done agnes -- magnificently over 2020, as had many others, but we won' be in this state forever, and all of th complexities of dealing with back post-covid. katty: good reality check. thank you for joining us. we are not going to be in the state forever and ever. thank you. a quick look at other news from around the world. china says experts for the world health organization will visit the city of wuhan on thursday
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and investigate the origin of covid-19. the virus first emerged in the city at the end of last year. a billionaire republican has died after being treated for non-hodgkin's lymphoma. he was a las vegas casino magnet who is listed by forbes magazine in 20 as the 19th richest american. he had almost $30 billion and was the top donor of the republican party and president trump. he was a staunch supporter of israel. one of two black boxes from the indonesian passenger plane that crashed into the sea has been found, and it has been brought ashore. the search team is still looking for thekpit voice recorder. investigators say that the plane fell 3000 meters and less than one minute, but that it was intact when it hit the water. you are watching "bbc world news america."
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still to comon tonight's program, a devastating study into mother and baby homes in ireland reveals around 9000 children died there. we will have a special report on that. ♪ katty: india's supreme court has temporarily paused the implementation of new agricultural laws that led to widespread protest from farmers. chief justice said he would form a committee to hear the concerns. here is my colleague. >> i have been at those protests and they have been growing by the day. this does not mean that there is a resolution. the supreme court has ordered that a committee is set up with experts to help mediate between the government and the farmers. farmers unions believe the committee is not independent. they said that the people who were sitting on this committee would likely favor the government. let's put this into context,
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there have been something like eight rounds of talks between the governments in the farmers union and still no resolution. the farmers say the bottom line is this, they want these three laws to be repealed, and only then would they be happy and pack up their bags and go home. ♪ katty: for much of the last century, so-called mother and baby homes in ireland took and unmarried, pregnant women. many were run by the catholic church. today, a devastating report revealed around 9000 children died over eight decades. our correspondent chris page has been hearing the story of one man who was born in one of those homes. >> the only thing i can remember is the beds being wet. to march down to school you had to go 10 minutes. you had to leave 10 minutes early in the evening.
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we were all cornered off and a section of the playground so we would not mix with the other kids. it was a prison really. why? just because i was born out of wedlock. chris: pj spent his first seven years in the home that stood here. ireland in the 1950's was a deeply conservate catholic society. unmarried women who were pregnant were taken into religis institutions and separated om their children. >> it was always the woman that was to blame. it was always the woman's fault. i suppose when you look at other people, i got to meet my mother. if i did not meet her, i would blame her. chris: there is another region wife -- reason why he thinks he is lucky. nearly 800 children died between 1925 in 1961 -- 9020 5-1960 one.
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investigators believed they were buried in a sewage site. >> [inaudible] >> will have this site excavated so the children can be buried with dignity. this mother and baby home has generated the most international attention. but there are many other institutions in ireland with long histories of shame, neglect, and unspeakable cruelty. around 9000 children died in 18 homes that were investigated. that is one in seven of those born in the institutions. investigators state it represents an appalling level of infant mortality. the irish government said there were decades of brutality. >> the regime described in the
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report was not imposed on us by any foreign power, we did this to ourselves as a society. we treed women exceptionally badly. we treated children exceptionally badly. chris: pj thinks the report has not gotten to the full truth. >> it's not that they are apologizing to my mother. they did not do that today. chris: there will be a compensation in memorial, thoh history will still hurt in ireland for years to come. laura: night- katty: 9000 children. the heartlessness is hard to comprehend. the u.k. is going through another phase of restrictions in its bido fight the covid pandemic. for many, that means a lot of time stuck at home. the bbc's jane mccubbin reports
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on how some people are trying to learn sothing new under lockdown. jane: here we are again, and so many of us need to find something that will make this normal. some have found that thing in the most unlikely place. >> we are talking lockdown lifelines. what has saved you? the uninitiated is the korean drama. >> one of the best thing about it is very strong female roles. usually older women who have some power, very keen on that, as i'm sure most women my age are. jane: what saved your bacon through lockdown? >> personal reasons. jane: there is not much else to do.
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>> started with one, then went to two. i think that was five or six hours time well spent. you just have to keep yourself motivated in some way. jane: when the sun has set on another day of grim news, so many have found solace here. >> for me, it's got to be looking at the night sky. i get a sense of peace and tranquility. through the magic of twitter, i tell people tonight, 7:30, take your phone with you and i will be tweeting the things you can see in the sky. jane: one of the many families
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joining mark to look outside their window up at the night sky has been caroline. i believe you guys have been doing some stargazing. >> we have. yes. >> it helps me relax. jane: aiden is autistic and has adhd, and has sometimes been overwhelmed by events. >> everything is so quiet, and we wrap up really well and get cozy and just look up. it's just wonderful. jane: it's not easy to look at the news and feel anything other than dread. be it zombies, stargazing or dancing, these people have found their thing and keep the faith. one day this will e. katty: love it. before we go, speang of stargazing, let's end the show on gorgeous images of the northern lights.
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this is a picture from the scottish highlands taken by our bbc weather watcher the earth's atmosphere adams collide and this can only be viewed under clear skies and in darkness. there is light out there in the universe, we all just have to look for it. i am katty kay, thank you for watching "bbc world news narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: babbel, an online program developed by language specialists teaching spanish, french and more. narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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rrator: you're watching pbs. denice: my father was drafted into vietnam at the height of the conflict. he became a single parent of two young children. we moved a lot. we slept in rest areas. we slept in our car. i didn't realize that we were actually homeless. it makes your world really small. if we happened to stay in a motel that happened to have a tv, it was really special. we loved nova. especially when it would be about space. we would talk for hours about the universe. watching nova, i felt big, like, my mind was big, my ideas were big. the trajectory of my life changed. i could see a world outside of our poverty and i felt like things were going to get better. ♪♪
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pbs opened up a world i didn't know existed.
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judy: judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, chaos and consequences -- the house urges the vice president to invoke the 25th amendment, setting the stage for impeachment proceedings. we speak with leaders from both sides about this moment. then, getting the vaccine -- the glacial pace of the u.s. inoculation campaign raises questions about priorities and unrealistic expectations. and, rethinking college -- the many economic hardships wrought by the pandemic disproportionately affect students of color at colleges nationwide. >> anything that takes your attention away from going to class, studying, spending time
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with the material, ends up being a factor that could really impact your ability on


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